Many lovers of indoor plants are attracted to cacti. In their huge family mammilaria occupy an honorable place. Cacti are unpretentious. They very rarely delight in their flowering, but when they bloom it is impossible to take my eyes off this beauty.
For the first time this plant was described in the literature in the middle of the 18th century. Later, when the mammilyarium became widely known, experienced breeders became interested in it and developed new species.
Mummily is most often found in arid climates, but it feels great in different countries - in Mexico, in the West Indies, in Colombia, in Guatemala, in the USA.
In form, this type of cacti can be round, disc-shaped, spherical and oblong. Instead of the usual longitudinal ribs, these plants have their own distinctive feature - they are tubercles. With their help, the cactus retains moisture for a long time and pushes away the sunlight at the right moments. Another significant difference from other plants are thick and fleshy roots.
Mummily is as if it consists of two parts: one of them is pubescent, and the second consists of sharp spines. The first part is rare, but there are beautiful flowers of red, white or yellow shades. Different in shape flowers are usually small (no more than 7 millimeters). At the end of flowering cactus fruits and seeds are formed.
This type of cacti attracts with its features:
- It is easy to care for him.
- It has two types of spines.
- Several types of stem.
- Flowering attracts color and different forms of flowers.
Popular types of mammillaria
Mammilyaria Bauma - this type of cactus is distinguished by its round shape, light spines and beautiful yellow flowers of small size.
Mummily of Blossfeld - has a round stem, areola pubescent, two-color flowers (white-pink).
Mammilyaria Carmen - a cactus with a pubescent stem and cream-colored spines. Small round delicate flowers give the plant solemnity.
Mammilyaria Wilda - The plant is covered with spines of golden hue, blooms with pale yellow flowers.
Mummilyaria Bocasana - the cactus has an elongated shape, it is distinguished by white flowers and pink fruits.
Mammilyaria Parkinson - this type of cactus has a high stem in the shape of a ball, green, but with a bluish tinge, beautiful bright yellow flowers and a stem covered with bright spines.
Mammilyaria Zeylman - The cactus is distinguished by pink and purple flowers arranged in a circle.
Almost all types of mammillaria have a spherical shape and small flowers in size. In some cacti, flowers have only one color, and in some two (the second color is in the form of a small strip). These plants are significantly different from each other - the color of the stem and thorns. A common feature is the inflorescence, within which there are a lot of stamens.
Location and lighting
Cactus is a light-loving plant, but a long stay in direct sunlight can harm it. It is better if there is a slight shading. In summer, such a favorable place can be an ordinary balcony.
In the room you need to choose a window that faces the east or west side. On such a windowsill there will be enough light for the plant and a minimum of danger from the sun's rays.
For this indoor plants need to create favorable temperature conditions for the flowering process. In the summer, mammilaria will bloom at a temperature of 20 to 23 degrees. In winter time - there should not be more than 12 degrees of heat. At such temperatures, the cactus will feel comfortable and will delight with its unusual flowers.
Mummily is a plant that requires a minimum of moisture. In winter, the cactus can even be left without watering for a long time. It will be enough even one watering per month. In winter, the plant comes a period of rest. At this time, it is generally better not to disturb him. Even moving the cactus to another place in the winter is not recommended.
Mummily badly reacts to the overwetting of the soil. In summer, the plant must be watered 3-4 times a month. In the autumn, watering is reduced to 2 times a month.
Although this type of cacti is drought-resistant, it still likes spraying, especially in hot summer weather.
Without any problems today you can buy a special soil mixture for cacti. For self-preparation you will need several components: three types of land (peat, sod and sheet one by one), as well as large river sand and brick crushed into crumb (both parts by half).
Fertilizers and fertilizers
From mid-spring to mid-autumn mammilaria needs feeding. In winter, such procedures are not carried out. Fertilizers are applied once a month. This contributes to the favorable growth and development of the plant.
Adult cacti are transplanted every three years, and young plants are available every year. Flower pots should not be deep, but wide, because this type of cactus has many side shoots. The first layer in the cactus pot must be the drainage layer, and then the cacti soil mixture. The soil should pass air and water well. Transplantation is better to do in early spring.
Propagation side shoots
Side shoots or kids are very carefully separated from the adult cactus, so as not to damage. Before planting in a separate flower pot, each young shoot must be a little dry for several days. Children better planted in small tanks.
Special soil for this type of plant in equal parts is mixed with large river sand and sown on it cactus seeds. From above, they should be dragged with a thin layer of sand, watered moderately and put in a warm (approximately 20 degrees of heat) place without direct rays of the sun.
When shoots appear, flower boxes are moved to another, more lighted room.
Difficulties in Mammily
- The red tick is considered the most dangerous insect for mammillaria. He prefers prickly cacti. The pest perishes from the solution of actellic.
- Cacti prefer less nedolivy than modulations.
- With a lack of light, cacti begin to strongly stretch and lengthen towards the light source. The appearance of the plant at the same time greatly deteriorates.
- The soil for these types of cacti should always be loose, and in its composition must be present river sand and brick chips.