Tomato variety "Labrador" is not registered in the Russian state register. This means that we do not know what it should be. Finding information about him turned out to be absolutely impossible. There is information that its author is Oleg Funtikov from Smolensk. I wrote him a letter: I hope he will answer, and then we will have more reliable information.
Labrador is an early determinant variety of tomato. Plant height - up to 60 cm. Medium-leaf plants, leaves of medium size, green or dark green.
Inflorescence is a simple brush. On one hand more than 15 fruits can start. Labrador tomatoes are small (weight up to 80), rounded, without ribs, with a very thin skin. The color of ripe tomatoes is red. According to reviews, the taste of "Labrador" is rated as excellent. The fruits are intended for fresh use: it is difficult to preserve them because of the thin skin.
Features of growing
Tomato "Labrador" suitable for cultivation in the open field and under film shelters. This is an early variety: according to some data, the first ripe fruits can be obtained already 60 days after sowing. It sounds unconvincing: I suppose that 70 ... 80 days after full germination will be closer in truth. There is evidence that it matures earlier than Yamal, but this is also not very accurate. However, now I have the seeds of “Labrador”, and this year I plan to get my own experience.
The recommended planting pattern is 60 X 40 ... 45 cm. Plants are quite dense, so they need to be strawed. There is no data on disease resistance, but there is an opinion that due to early ripeness, the Labrador tomato can move away from late blight.
A good video about growing this variety:
“Good tomatoes with amazing pleasant taste. For me, a big advantage is the ease of care and the possibility of thick planting compared with medium-tall and tall plants. ”
Appearance and description of the variety
The variety of tomatoes "Labrador" is described as early ripe, determinant. The ripening period is from 78 to 105 days, depending on growing conditions, including weather. It is resistant to sudden changes in temperature and common diseases. Standard bushes reach no more than 50-70 cm in height, have a strong stalk with an average amount of green or dark green foliage. Inflorescences form after the 7th leaf and further through each next leaf. Productivity makes up to 2 kg from one bush.
Seed preparation, planting seeds in boxes and caring for them
For more northern regions, seeds of early ripe tomatoes are recommended to be planted in boxes for seedlings.
If the seeds are purchased in specialized stores, then there is no need to process them, but if collected from the last harvest, then it would be good to treat with antifungal and a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
After disinfection, the seeds must be washed.
When the first leaves appear, the film is removed, the boxes are moved to a cool, well-lit place. Grow seedlings up to 55-65 days. Watering is carried out regularly, about once a week.
Seedling and planting in the ground
In early May, when the ground warms up to +15. +18 ° C is planted seedlings.
Seedlings are planted in open ground, observing the distance between rows up to 70 cm, and each row forms 30-35 cm. Shrubs must be watered beforehand, freed from containers and planted in the ground before the first leaves. If the seedlings have outgrown, it is planted under an inclination so that the height above the ground is no more than 20-25 cm. After the planting, the tomatoes are watered and covered with earth.
Care and watering
Since during the planting of seedlings in open ground there is still a risk of frost, it is necessary to provide ways to protect:
- shelter bushes cut plastic bottles or glass jars (for small areas),
- smoke for large fields,
- watering normalized.
Masking this tomato is not necessary.
So that the bushes do not fall under the weight of the fruit, they are tied up, having previously driven the stakes.
Tying does not allow the bushes to bend down to the ground, and also contributes to better air circulation, which in turn reduces the risk of late blight. You can tie up by hammering stakes near each bush or to a wire or cross-bar drawn from above.
Pests and diseases
The variety of tomato "Labrador" is resistant to most known diseases. Breeders position the variety as resistant to late blight, the most common disease. But this does not guarantee the non-occurrence of other diseases associated with improper care or attack of pests.
With excessive use of nitrogen fertilizers, excessive, irregular or rare watering, diseases such as fomoz (brown fruit rot), cladosporiosis (brown spot), cracking of fruits, verticillous wilt can occur.
Disease control is carried out with the help of proper care or treatment with special preparations. Phytophthora does not affect this variety of tomato due to early ripening.
Pests can be a big danger for this variety:
- scoop (you can use the drug "Strela")
- slugs (struggling with them with the help of ground bitter pepper or use a solution of slaked lime),
- whitefly (helps drug "Confidor"),
- Medvedka (“Thunder” or “Thunderstorm” drugs can help, also treated with bitter pepper extract or vinegar solution)
- wireworm (help drug "Basudin"),
- aphid (drug "Bison").
Conditions for maximum fructification
The maximum yield is obtained from the bushes that were formed by one shoot, there should be no side shoots. On the bush, you need to leave no more than 5 brushes, regularly water and apply phosphorus and potassium based fertilizers in a timely manner.
In order to make more fruits, you need to spray the area at the beginning of flowering of the first brush with a solution of boric acid (1 g per 1 l of water), repeat in the period when the first fruits ripen.
At the beginning of the flowering period, nitrogen-based fertilizers are suspended.
For the most effective result, growth and maturation stimulants are used. The most popular among those who planted a Labrador tomato is the drug "Ovary for Tomatoes". It is used three times during the flowering period of the first three brushes, sprayed in the morning or in the evening.
The solution is prepared in a ratio of 2 g of stimulator to 1 l of water. The result will be an increase of 15-30% of the total crop, including early.
Eating fruits of tomato "Labrador" is possible both in raw and canned form. Canned salads, adjika, added to lecho, make tomato juice. Tomatoes are not recommended to be closed in banks entirely, since their skin is thin and can crack if released into boiling water.
But the beauty of these tomatoes lies precisely in their early ripening and the ability to use fresh tomatoes from their own beds before their ripening in other varieties. You can summarize the wishes of obtaining the desired harvest and the joy of choosing the right variety.
The advantages of the variety
The variety has the following advantages:
- undemanding grade,
- tolerates temperature extremes, cooling,
- stitchiness is high even in unfavorable weather conditions.
The bush is loosely branchy, small. Inflorescences are simple. The first inflorescences grow above the seventh leaf, then - through one or two leaves. Labrador gives the first fruits already in June. Fruits are large in size, shaped like an apple. By color - red. The taste is sweet-sour. Fleshy in structure. Suitable for tomato juice, pasta, go for pickling.
This variety of tomatoes is suitable for seedless cultivation, that is, you can sow seeds in open ground. But if you want tomatoes can be grown under the film.
Other ways to combat blight
There are other effective methods of controlling late blight:
- Seeds prepared for sowing should be soaked in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for 30 minutes.
- Spraying the bushes with garlic solution. This should be done during the formation of stepsons. A glass of chopped garlic cloves is taken on a bucket of water.
- A solution of bread yeast also helps against phytophthora. On a bucket take 100 grams of fresh yeast.
- An excellent remedy for phytophthora is a solution of iodine. On a bucket of water you need 40 drops of iodine.
The greenhouse must be aired so that during the flowering period the temperature is not above 28 degrees, otherwise pollination will not occur. If in spite of everything pollination is weak, it is necessary to make the treatment "ovary".
Tomato Labrador: reviews
According to reviews of gardeners, the variety is very unpretentious, beautifully grown in open ground. Tomato Labrador very quickly gives fruit. They are possible after 75 days. Even with not very favorable weather conditions, a high yield is obtained.
Shrubs reach 50-70 cm in height. Fruits weigh up to 150 g. Well suited for fresh salads, as well as pickling and other canned foods.
The grade belongs to hybrid grades. It means that:
- he has a high vitality
- the root system is well developed,
- retains resistance to disease and climate change,
- frost and drought-resistant.
All these positive characteristics make varieties of Labrador tomatoes so popular with gardeners and provide high annual demand for seeds.