In the modern landscape you can find the most unusual solutions with a variety of colors and shades, the use of decor. Designers create real masterpieces using familiar varieties of colors, combining them correctly. Even ordinary daylilies will be able to decorate a personal plot if you apply several varieties in one flowerbed. The ranking suggests the best options for daylilies, varieties with photos and names that can be used for this.
The origin and characteristics of the plant
Daylily is a herbaceous perennial plant with a strong root system., the species belongs to the subfamily Daylily family Asphodeal, another name is daylight. From the Greek language, the name of the genus is translated as “day” and “beautiful”, it is associated with a short flowering period, it is known that every flower of most varieties blooms all day.
Petals are bent inward. This creates the impression of ribbons flowing in the wind. Blooms profusely.
Natural species, popular in floriculture
Daylum Dumortier (Hemerocallis dumortieri) - this species blooms earlier than others, in the middle of May, sometimes it blooms again in August. A bush of succulent bright green leaves 50–70 cm high. Orange flowers with a diameter of up to 8 cm, in inflorescences of 2–4 pieces each, odorless. Unpretentious, frost-resistant view. In culture since 1830, it is widely used in breeding work.
Middendorf Daylily (Hemerocallis middendorfii) - blooms from mid-May for about 20 days. Autumn may bloom again. A bush with narrow drooping leaves. The flowers are bright orange with a diameter of about 9 cm, in small inflorescences on the tops of peduncles with a height of 80 cm.
Small daylily (Hemerocallis minor) - this species blooms in late May. Its graceful bushes up to 60 cm high are formed from narrow falling leaves. Light yellow flowers with a diameter of up to 9 cm towering above the leaves on the branchy peduncles. The flowers have a very pleasant aroma. Flowering lasts a month. The species has been cultivated in culture since the mid 18th century.
Daylily yellow (Hemerocallis flava) or, as it is often called, the "yellow lily". Beautiful brilliant flowers of a lemon-yellow color are collected in inflorescences of 5–9 pieces on peduncles up to 90 cm in height. The flowers are rather large, about 10 cm in diameter, and they also have a wonderful aroma. Flowering begins in late May and lasts a little less than a month. The species is widely used for hybridization, being the starting material for obtaining new varieties.
Daylily redhead, or brown-yellow (Hemerocallis fulva) - a popular species, in culture since 1567. It blooms in June -July up to 40 days. Flowers in yellow-red-red tones, up to 10 cm in diameter, wide open, odorless. Located in the inflorescences of 5-20 pieces on sturdy peduncles about 110 cm high. Very hardy and unpretentious look. It has varieties and varieties, such as the Flore-pleno form with double yellow-orange terry flowers with a red spot in the center and the bright semi-double variety Kwanso.
Daylily lemon yellow (Hemerocallis citrina) - the originality of this species lies in the fact that its lemon yellow flowers open at night and fill the garden with a rich, pleasant aroma. Forms a dense bush of dark green leaves, height up to 90 cm. It blooms from mid-July for about a month.
All natural types and forms of daylilies, although not as exquisite as new hybrid varieties, are still the most reliable, unpretentious and winter-hardy.
Varieties of modern daylily breeding
Daylily hybrid (Hemerocallis x hybrida). This is a whole group of varieties of complex hybrid origin. The first hybrid daylily Apricot was obtained by George Eld as a result of the crossing of two species - the daylily red and yellow.
The entire 20th century was marked by intensive breeding work on the breeding of new varieties, as a result we have more than 60,000 varieties of daylilies. Special contribution was made by American hybridizers, such as Stout, Stamile, Smith, Salter, Petit, and many others. In the USA there is the American Society of Daylilies (AHS), where new varieties are registered. Every year, hundreds of new varieties appear in the world, which take more and more fantastic, unpredictable forms. They have little resemblance to natural species and in their beauty can compete with lilies. A wide range of colors and their combinations appeared, the size of the flower increased, the petals acquired stunning edgings - corrugated, bubble, looped, fringed, and much more. An important indicator of modern varieties is the intensity of flowering. Peduncles have a strong branching and can carry 30, and sometimes 60 flowers. Before illustrating all this with examples, we will have to talk a little about the classification of daylilies in order to better understand their diversity. In addition, it will help when choosing varieties in online stores or catalogs.
An important indicator of modern varieties is the intensity of flowering. Peduncles have a strong branching and can carry 30, and sometimes 60 flowers.
1. According to the type of vegetation daylilies are:
● sleeping - these are leafy species that are familiar to us, whose leaves die off for the winter. These include most of the species and varieties we grow,
● evergreen - leaves are kept green throughout the year. In our region, of course, this is impossible; at low winter temperatures they will die anyway, but will revive in spring. However, green foliage lasts until late autumn and decorates the garden. Frost resistance of these varieties is weaker, not all varieties survive in our climate, it is better to acquire already adapted ones, but they are still recommended to be covered with a thick layer of mulch or lapnik.
● semi-evergreen - intermediate between sleeping and evergreen.
2. By the number of chromosomes:
● diploids (contain 22 chromosomes): many varieties with delicate color, terry, as well as miniature daylilies.
● tetraploids (44 chromosomes): usually the flowers are brighter and larger, and the petals are more dense.
3. In terms of flowering:
● very early - bloom from mid-May, for example, Dumortier, Middendorf, and others,
● early - flowering from mid-June to mid-July,
● medium - from mid-July to mid-August (most varieties of daylilies),
● Late - from mid-August to mid-September.
Sometimes there are also remontants who have time to bloom again, for example, Black Eyed Susan, Stella de Oro.
4. The shape of the flowers:
● normal form - most species
● terry - varieties Pojo, Bowl of Cream, Mary Brown, Double Challenge, Solid Geometry, etc.,
● arachnids, or spiders, - Free Wheelin, Spider Fingers, Dancing on Air, Pink Rain Dancer,
● Daylilies of unusual shape, they are marked with the UNF icon: Navajo Gray Hills, Primal Scream, Golliwog, Dancing Summerbird.
5. By smell: fragrant, for example, species Hemerocallis flava, N. middendorfii, N. citrina and odorless.