Chicken fleas have little difference from those of their fellows that parasitize on the bodies of mammals, they are the same dark insects of small size, which are characterized by high jumping ability. But the features still exist:
- fleas in chickens have a more hunched and flat body,
- the protective cover of an insect is characterized by increased density - the bird's beak or claws are not capable of harming the flea,
- fleas in chickens are equipped with well-developed eyes and antennae.
The parasite feeds, of course, with the blood of a bird, biting through its thin skin. Chicken fleas do not pose a direct danger to humans: the only harm we suffer from these parasites is problems in the chicken coop of farmers, as well as the potential danger of being infected with certain diseases. But chicken fleas rarely decide to leave their warm habitat - bird plumage, so people rarely suffer from the attack of parasites.
Symptoms of infection
The first factor indicating that chicken fleas are present in your house is the behavior of the birds themselves: they become restless, dark growths appear on the body, vaguely resembling human moles. The accumulation of parasites is most often seen around the eyes.
At the moment of the bite, the insect injects a specific enzyme under the skin of the bird, which causes severe itching and irritates the bird. While abundant blood loss gradually lead to depletion of the body. The only way to prevent the death of livestock - is an effective fight against parasites.
Means of struggle
As soon as you understand that the chicken fleas must have settled in your poultry house, begin to act immediately: the earlier you start a set of measures to combat parasites, the higher the chances of saving the bird. In the nearest pharmacy you will be advised not one effective drug, which will have to process each chicken, strictly following the instructions on the package. Good results can be achieved by any means from the following list - Dana, Leopard or Frontline, the main thing is to prevent the drug from getting into the poultry digestive tract. A few drops (as recommended on the package) are applied to the scruff of the neck, actively rubbing it into the skin. Using such a tool, and getting rid of fleas, it is necessary to refrain from eating chicken eggs - the birds themselves do not harm the drugs, but they can accumulate in the eggs. Good use is also achieved with the use of Deltamethrin powder - it is sprayed on the bird, preventing the substance from entering the respiratory tract.
But there is also a simple and effective folk method, thanks to which the fleas in your hen house will disappear for a long time - these are ordinary ash baths.
Chickens gladly bathe in the ashes themselves, although this method is good for small degrees of damage or as a preventive measure.
In order to completely remove fleas in birds, one needs to observe a certain phased approach to taking measures - indoors, for example, in a hen house, parasites reproduce extremely quickly, therefore the struggle is not easy:
- First of all, it is necessary to thoroughly treat all birds and make sure that there are no more fleas on them,
- This is followed by careful processing of the room itself,
- the final stage of the struggle will be a thorough cleaning of the chicken coop.
It is very important to refrain from taking out litter and litter from the hen house before processing: it is in the litter that there is a huge number of insect larvae that are capable of hitting a huge number of birds if they are not destroyed.
Before fighting with parasites, you should pay attention to affordable preventive measures - perhaps you can protect your bird from flea damage. After all, it is always harder to defeat the enemy, rather than prevent his attack.
The first thing you should pay attention to is cleanliness and freshness of the litter. Do not allow the accumulation of excess debris and litter on the floor of the chicken coop, changing the litter, be sure to add a few sprigs of wormwood to the grass. Regularly arrange ash baths for your hens (always outside the coop). The systematic treatment of perches with special veterinary preparations designed to prevent the emergence and development of a colony of parasites will not interfere.
Of course, measures to prevent the defeat of chickens by flea birds, will require you to time and some financial costs. But it will be disproportionately less than the efforts that you have to make to defeat the parasite that has gained strength. Do not underestimate the danger posed by this little pesky bloodsucker - the chicken population will slowly but surely become depleted, lose vitality and eventually die en masse. But before that the birds will try to fill the lack of energy by absorbing feed in huge quantities - and this is also additional material costs. Be attentive to your bird, take preventive measures in time, and your chicken coop is not in any danger.
On the peculiarities of the appearance of chicken parasites
Laying chicken and chickens can get lice and fleas from other birds. How ordinary chicken fleas look is easy to learn, because they have the same structure as all other species. Thus, fleas in poultry have a small body up to 2 mm in size, lice up to 5 mm, and also equipped with strong long hind legs, which help fleas to jump. The parasite has no wings, and its whole body is colored chocolate. Another feature is that fleas in chickens may resemble a small dark hanging mole, which can be seen on any photo. Features of chicken fleas are in some nuances.
- For life, they choose only the bodies of turkeys, chickens and chickens.
- Parasites are thermophilic, therefore they are not able to withstand temperatures less than 40 ° C.
- Insects have a peculiar mouth that bites through extremely thin integuments. This means that fleas are not dangerous for a person who does not keep cages with birds in the house.
- For food they choose only the blood of broilers, chickens and chickens.
- Clusters of parasites are often located on those places of the bird, where there is little or no plumage.
- The female parasite does not leave the chosen prey until the eggs are laid in it. To do this, the female “shoots” eggs with the help of special muscles. The larvae that appear the next day immediately look like little worms. They are characterized by rapid growth and increase, but can not be dangerous if they are not in a warm chicken coop. The larvae feed on dry blood, droppings, hay, and any other waste found in the hen house.
- Reproduction of chicken fleas occurs every day, and the female covers the entire area around itself with eggs.
- An active worm develops for several weeks, after which it becomes a fixed pupa. In this state, the parasites can safely remain for several months, until a new chicken appears on the horizon.
The life span of fleas in a henhouse sometimes reaches more than one year.
Symptoms of the problem
How to understand that your birds were hit by chicken fleas? Initially, it is almost impossible to do this, because due to the small size of chicken fleas, they become almost invisible under abundant plumage. In the case when you see lice on the bare parts of the body of birds, you need to sound the alarm: this means that several hundred or thousands of parasites have already struck your turkeys and chickens. Sometimes flea clusters on the face are similar to moles or growths. Fleas appeared in the hen house how to get them out quickly?
If the bird does not get rid of parasites, then:
- she will constantly feel pain and burning in places of bites,
- egg production will drop significantly,
- the bird will be infected with other co-infections
- this will lead to anemia, exhaustion, death of all birds: chickens, turkeys.
If a person does not get rid of parasites in the hen house in time, the death of the birds cannot be avoided.
Methods of dealing with chicken fleas
Fleas in domestic chickens can be bred in several ways, which include the use of chemicals at home and popular methods. The first methods of disposal include the method of using chemicals. Insecticides need to process birds and the room in which they live. There are many drugs, each of which is suitable for a particular case.
It is possible to force the puff-eaters to die using similar means intended for domestic animals, the only thing that should not be allowed is the penetration of poison into the organism of birds. The best chemical agents consider:
- Natural natural drops from Beaphar, which are made in oil by Him: it is possible to treat fleas in poultry with this tool, but remember that the duration of the protection provided is only a month, so the procedure repeats over and over again.
- Drops from Hartz based on methoprene insecticide: use of the product is not suitable for young birds due to the high level of toxicity - the drug is rubbed into the head and neck, and the appearance of the result can be expected the next day.
- insecticides (like Tetrix, Get, Cifox), which need to cover the room: processing must occur even at the time of absence of birds.
Treatment with powders and powders of Deltamethrin type, aerosols (Butox, Raptor, Combat), injections, pyrethroid solutions, natural drops (Advantageyj, Dan, Bars) will also be appropriate. Using a flea trap or barn and a flea scarer is completely useless.
It is necessary to choose one or another treatment depending on how infected the birds are, and for which bird the medicine is chosen. You can discuss the effectiveness of the means with a veterinarian, it is he who will tell you the best of the existing medicines. The best method of struggle is treatment with natural medicines. After the measures taken, turkeys and chickens should be transferred to a different diet consisting of fortified food. Any treatment should be accompanied by enhanced nutrition and systematic testing of birds for the presence of pests.
What to do with fleas in a chicken coop, how to get rid of chicken fleas and what birds need to treat does not cause any difficulties. In order to prevent another infection with parasites, it is important to regularly carry out prevention, which is easy to perform at home. So, for prevention, follow these tips:
- no chemical treatment will help if you do not replace the litter in the nest or hen house: fill it with dried parts of plants, tansy, wormwood, juniper,
- for the treatment of animals, use ash baths,
- Treat animals and premises regularly with appropriate chemicals.
In the case when to prevent the emergence of chicken fleas failed, global pest control is necessary and important. It is important not only to resort to the treatment of each bird in the room, but also to process the whole chicken coop. Observe the sequence: at the very beginning process the birds, and after that their habitat, in order to completely eliminate all crumbling and escaping parasites from the surfaces of the chicken coop.
The same measures must be taken to treat all nests and bedding so that fleas disappear in chickens. To do this, you need to thoroughly agitate them, pollinate, moisten, leave to lie for a couple of hours or 2-3 days, in order to wait for the death of not only existing adults, but also the offspring of parasites. It is appropriate to burn all the garbage away from your home. The building should be on airing a couple of days, after which you can populate birds. Repeat these precautions should be periodically every few weeks.
Flea disposal methods
If fleas are found, then an integrated approach is used to get rid of them, combining:
- Treatment of infected individuals
- Preventive treatment of all livestock,
- Disinsection chicken coop.
The removal of parasites in birds is carried out with medical preparations or traditional medicine recipes, and the cleaning of the chicken coop with special means.
The choice of medication is based on the degree of development of the disease, and sometimes on the subspecies, since there are 3 types of chicken fleas.
In veterinary medicine there are many drugs that help cope with parasites. Some of them are toxic, so experienced poultry farmers advise to use them only when the disease has already passed the initial stage.
To popular means include:
- The leopard helps to hatch adults and partially affects the larvae. Re-use of the funds is carried out a week after the primary.
- Frontline effectively destroys adults and larvae, so prevention is only needed 6 months after the main treatment.
- Advantage is a toxic agent. One use is enough.
- Stronghold is a sparing drug that is designed to treat and prevent the occurrence of fleas. It is recommended to use monthly.
- Dana is a toxic single-use drug.
When choosing a product, it is very important to pay attention to the recommendations for use and carry out treatment according to the instructions or instructions of the veterinarian.
Treatment of chickens for fleas is carried out by rubbing drugs or by spraying. In any case, it is necessary to use rubber gloves, and when spraying - a cotton-gauze bandage.
The dosage of the drug is calculated according to the instructions for use, as well as based on the characteristics of each individual case.
If a chicken is sick, then it is impossible to carry out drug treatment with highly toxic drugs.
Experienced farmers do the following:
- Get rid of the baby from the parasites by hand, treating sparing means from fleas.
- Plant in the house, protected from parasites with the help of wormwood.
Treatment of folk remedies
At an early stage of development of the disease, when only isolated individuals are affected and fleas have not yet appeared on open skin areas, folk remedies are effective.
- Tansy and wormwood. Plants are dried and hung around the perimeter of the chicken coop - their smell frightens fleas. Additionally, a decoction of wormwood is prepared and the house is sprayed with it. Also, they rub the feathers of an infected hen at the withers. But the plant is toxic, so you should not be very zealous with such treatment.
- In order for the chickens themselves to clean the feathers of parasites, a ash bath with sulfur is located inside their dwelling.
Cleaning a chicken coop is an exercise that is carried out during the treatment of chickens. If this is not done, then the larvae will eventually become adults and again infect livestock.
Asking how to get rid of fleas in a chicken coop, one should understand that the technique, means for treatment is chosen depending on the size of the house and the degree of development of the disease. If insects have just appeared, then it is not necessary to throw out nests and change litter.
To poison insects are recommended to use:
- Zyfox. For rooms up to 20 square meters. m. To prepare a solution for 1 liter of water take 2 ml of funds.
- Raptor. It is convenient to use the preparation, as it is immediately sold in cylinders for spraying - it is not necessary to dilute it additionally with water. One such cylinder is enough for 15 square meters. m. For a chicken coop in 20 square meters. m. recommend using 2 pieces.
- Raid. Another tool sold in finished form. Like "Raptor", it lasts for 10-15 square meters. m
- Get. Effective for rooms up to 60 square meters. m. In 1 liter of water stir 100 ml of the drug and evenly spray on the chicken coop.
If the fleas hit the livestock completely and in some chickens appear on open skin, then there is a strong infection. In such a situation, the bedding and the contents of the nests change, then treatment from fleas is carried out.
Then put a new floor on the floor and run the treated chickens.
With the massive detection of fleas in birds call the vet. It will establish the degree of development of the disease, the number of infected individuals, identify the possible cause of the invasion.
Ways of infection and spread
There are three main ways to infect domestic chickens with fleas:
- Through the grass, which could be insects,
- In a domestic way from other infected birds,
- Layers and hens often become infected through a common nest, the temperature in which during egg laying is close to 40 degrees. It is in such conditions that the larvae develop the fastest.
Attention should be paid to the fact that a different kind of flea that does not live on birds parasitizes animals; therefore, when parasites are found in chickens, it is necessary to treat directly the birds, and other animals on the farm only as needed.
Chicken parasites are arranged in almost the same way as other types of fleas: a small body of about 1-2 mm, strong and elongated hind legs for jumping, lack of wings and a brown chocolate color. What do chicken fleas look like? Они схожи с маленькими висячими родинками, обязательно темного цвета.
Поэтому куриные блохи очень редко нападают на человека, а в домах и вовсе не живут, если там нет клетки с птицей. Питаются они исключительно кровью. Часто их скопление можно обнаружить на непокрытых перьями участках тела курицы, потому что там легче прокусить кожу.
Although the female can not leave the victim, she will never lay her eggs on it. For this, the flea has certain muscles that allow you to shoot eggs (3-6 pieces) for a fairly long distance.
Young fleas have black color, mature individuals - brownish shade. Usually fleas in chickens (photo enlarged) reach sizes of 1-5 mm. Due to the particular structure of the limbs, fleas can move through the body of the bird, clinging to a different inclination.
Preventive measures against the spread of fleas are aimed primarily at creating appropriate conditions for breeding chickens: keeping poultry houses clean, carrying out deratization, and wet cleaning. Destruction of fleas on poultry should be carried out in accordance with the recommendations of veterinary specialists.
Why do lice appear?
Fleas in chickens can even appear in owners who are closely monitoring the sanitary conditions of pets.
And why do lice appear in your birds:
- unsanitary living conditions of birds,
- contact with wild birds (sparrows, pigeons and crows), which can become carriers of parasites,
- contact with other animals, sometimes carriers of chicken lice can be pets (cats, dogs, cows, and so on).
Immediately you will not notice the infection of chickens, since lice are small insects having a size of 1-5 mm, as in the photo. Within a month, parasites breed from egg to adult and not only on one bird, but on all at once.
Signs of skin parasites
If, for no apparent reason, the egg production of chickens has declined, it is quite possible that skin parasites have started in the hen house. To notice fleas and lice with a quick visual inspection, is very problematic. But there are pronounced signs of the presence of skin parasites in the hen house.
Birds show nervousness, often picking feathers with their beak or paws, they do not carry eggs well. A chicken suffering from lice or fleas quickly loses weight. If in the chicken family, you began to notice similar symptoms, then take the bird and see it better.
Ticks manifest in open areas of the body, mainly on the legs. Lice and fleas prefer more secluded places and burrow into the feathers of birds. If the infected chicken fluff feathers, then become dark dots, similar to moles. This is chicken lice. Sometimes the abundance of these parasites can literally terrify.
Get rid of lice as quickly as possible. The fact is that they lay eggs in the feathers of birds and produce offspring. Therefore, the number of parasites in the hen house is growing exponentially.
In order to get rid of bedbugs, lice and fleas, it is not enough to use preparations for chickens, you need a complete sanitization of the chicken coop!
Methods of dealing with parasites
Ways to combat skin parasites in the chicken coop can be divided into two parts: folk and chemical. Both techniques have long been tested and proven to be effective.
In this article we will talk about all the ways to get rid of chickens from parasites. Let's start with the simplest and most affordable way to remove fleas and ticks - this is the use of folk remedies.
Chemical control methods
In order to get rid of lice, you can use drugs designed to solve similar problems in cats and dogs. You can buy them at any pet store.
It is better to buy drops, they are rubbed into the skin of birds. Do not purchase drugs based on chlorine.. This substance tends to accumulate in muscle tissue, which will negatively affect the quality of chicken meat.
Well proven such means as: "Leopard", "Neotomazan", "Stomazon", "Front Line", "Perol-A". Using these tools, do not overdo it. No matter how you want to help chickens get rid of bedbugs and ticks, it is necessary to strictly observe the dosage of drugs. Otherwise, you can harm the feathered.
Some farmers prefer to use old and proven tools. These include the treatment of chicken coop dust. After the events, parasites disappear guaranteed for a long time.
When working with dust, extreme care must be taken. It is a very toxic substance and if it is used too much, it can lead to the death of chickens. The same can be said about karbofos and chlorophos.
In large farms and poultry farms, Butox is widely used. This tool is usually made in the form of an aqueous solution that must be applied to the feathers of chickens.
Powder "Deltamethrin" has the same effect. This powder is also applied to the plumage of birds. When working with the drug, be careful to avoid contact with the airway.
Some farmers fumigate with sulfur. This is a very effective way to get rid of fleas. But there is no single opinion on the use of sulfur. It is a very toxic chemical that can destroy not only the parasites, but also the chickens themselves.
Remember that a one-time treatment of the entire population of chickens is recommended. Therefore, if there are many poultry in your household, it makes sense to call for help from your neighbors. In large farms for sanitizing birds usually involves all staff.
We figured out how to remove skin parasites, but this is not the whole complex of procedures. After all the chickens have been processed, they are usually relocated temporarily to another room, and they are engaged in processing the chicken coop.
All traces of vital activity of birds are completely cleaned out of the room; litter and straw is removed from the nests. The coop is thoroughly cleaned and scalded with hot water.
You can re-whiten the walls using a mixture of bleach and hydrated lime. It is worth noting that the room is also better to wash with bleach.
After the smell of chlorine erode, chickens can be returned to their usual habitat, pre-laying the floor with fresh bedding.
What are dangerous fleas for birds
Chicken fleas attack your pets and their habitat due to a number of favorable conditions. Their reproduction often takes place in the warm season with high ambient temperatures. The spread of insects is caused by the poor condition of the nests, the rare replacement of litter, the accumulation of garbage on the floor of the house, irregular disinfection and cleaning of the room, and sometimes their absence.
Of the 6 species of parasites of importance for agriculture, only one parasitizes on a bird. It is called Echidnophaga gallinacea. The western chicken flea, also known as Ceratophyllus niger, is also known. This type of pest belongs to human chicken fleas. Insects can live both on the body of the bird and on the human individual. Chicken fleas are wingless, their bodies covered with chitinous plates. The adult has a size of about 1, 5 mm, a flat body and 6 legs. Thanks to the back pair of limbs, she perfectly jumps, rising to 1 - 1, 5 meters. The special piercing-sucking oral apparatus helps to drink the blood of the victim to the parasites. Chicken fleas have an important feature. They are on the body of the bird almost constantly. A large volume of the victim’s blood is needed primarily by the female for normal egg-laying. But the males also do not disdain to drink blood. Flea eggs in chickens are oval-shaped, painted white. From them larvae 3–5 mm long appear, which are actually found in the litter and nests. The life span of fleas is 1 year. In the external environment without food can be stored for up to 1, 5 years.
Fleas in chickens are very dangerous. With a small amount of them, poultry awaits discomfort in the form of painful bites. Since saliva contains substances that irritate the skin. Birds always feather over the beak with their beak, they can even pull them out and comb itching spots. Severe inflammation develops in the damaged areas of the body that are inseminated by bacteria. When there are many parasites on the victim's body, they damage the skin very much. The result is significant blood loss, anemia and exhaustion of the whole organism. As a result, adults become overly thin, refuse to trot. A young growth lags behind in its growth and develops poorly. The fight against parasites is complicated by the fact that eggs and pupae are resistant to treatment with insecticides. Therefore, such activities should be done 2 - 3 times with a mandatory break of up to 14 days.
Signs of fleas
Chicken fleas appear on the body of the bird almost imperceptible to humans. Since they have a tiny body size and deftly hiding under feathers. It is really good to consider pests only when they are already on bare skin. This is a sure sign of a strong infection of birds. The danger for pets is that the owners sometimes find the disease and begin to heal chickens only when hundreds or even thousands of insects are already swarming on their bodies. What do the victims themselves feel? They are bad, they actually fight pests for their lives. Fleas in birds reduce egg production almost to nothing.
Infected individuals are disturbed by intolerable itching. At this time, their body is weakened and prone to not only fleas, but also the appearance of worms, encephalitis, brucellosis and other serious diseases.
On the body you can see growths of a dark color, a little bit like moles. Often clusters of parasites are ring-shaped deposits in the eye area. Indirect signs of the presence of parasites are the loss of feathers, scratching on the surface of the skin, swarming and anxiety in chickens, accompanied by cleaning the feathers. Severe blood loss causes the bird to eat more feed. Difficult and difficult course of the disease contributes to the residence of birds in the closed-type chicken coops. Since the open coop allows your pets to gradually get rid of the presence on the body of bloodsuckers in the natural environment. The death of chickens in severe cases is not excluded.
Chicken fleas have an elongated body with a length of about 1.5 mm without brown wings. They differ from other parasites by the presence of eye and antennae. The body of a chicken flea is compressed from the sides, therefore crush her almost impossible. Durable chitinous shell provides her with additional protection.
Unlike fleas, ticks have a very low body, flattened above and below. They are painted in red and can not jump. In turn, fleas due to strong hind legs are able to fly in one jump up to one and a half meters. Methods of struggle with these parasites differtherefore it is important to be able to distinguish them from each other.
Fleas hiding in their plumage are practically invisible. Their presence can be suspected by changes in the behavior of the bird, which getting restless. Parasites become clearly visible when they exit to featherless areas of the birds. at the beak and near the eyes.
What are they dangerous?
Many owners believe that fleas in chickens is not an important disease and does not require treatment. However, this is a big mistake, the appearance of parasites leads to serious consequences.
What harm lice can cause:
- they can be carriers of infectious diseases,
- can also infect birds with helminths,
- due to itching and uncomfortable sensations can lead to weight loss and death,
- With long contact with parasites, chickens are experiencing problems with the number of eggs, as well as poor health.
Symptoms of the appearance of parasites
An infected bird must be shown to a veterinarian, who will diagnose and prescribe treatment. In the photo below you can see chicken fleas.
What are the signs of a chicken in the presence of blood-sucking parasites:
- she becomes nervous and restless,
- bites itself with its beak or pulls out feathers
- partial baldness of feathers or down,
- loss of weight and performance, sometimes appetite,
- mortality of chickens and young chickens.
When at least one symptom is detected, it is necessary to inspect all chickens and separate precisely infected ones, although, most likely, they are all of them already. Further urgently begin to deal with the problem.
To combat parasites in the traditional way or with chemical preparations most effectively. Flea drugs are harmless to chickens, however, lice kill the nervous system, affecting the nervous system.
What flea control products are used:
- Drops for chickens, the same as "Neotmazan", "Frontline", "Bars" and others.
- Sprays for chickens, and sometimes used sprays for people. This is done only by the testimony of a specialist, strictly following the instructions. For example: “Geth”, “Nuda” and others.
- Liquid for processing the room, the most common "karbofoz". For the destruction of parasites, it is imperative to treat the floor, walls and perches of the chicken coop.
All known drugs act only on adult lice, but after about 1-2 weeks they will hatch again from the eggs. Therefore, re-fight with bloodsuckers should be in 7-10 days.
Chicken owners faced lice problems even before drugs appeared. They used various folk remedies.
The most effective folk methods, how to get chicken fleas:
- Use deterring odors such as tansy and wild rosemary branches, chamomile flowers, and the smell of rosemary and eucalyptus essential oils.
- Treat the birds with vinegar diluted in half with water. The most effective compound will be vinegar and kerosene in a 1: 1 ratio.
- An excellent tool is considered a mixture of kerosene, ammonia and benzene in equal proportions. This mixture is applied not only to chickens, but they also process their dwelling.
Usually chickens are bred in the village, so folk remedies that would bring out fleas are handy. Traditional methods of dealing with them are more costly, which often have to go to the city.
Is it possible to prevent the appearance of parasites?
Prevention is the best way to prevent the occurrence of fleas in chickens. Veterinarians say that sand baths with ashes help fight the appearance of lice.
What measures should be taken to avoid the appearance of fleas in birds:
- regular processing of the place of stay with boiling water or steam,
- change of litter and cleaning of hens,
- limit contact with wild birds,
- constantly inspect pets for the presence of lice.
Getting rid of fleas is a long and difficult process, so it’s best to prevent them from appearing. The best effect is achieved by the owners, who promptly treat and constantly monitor their chickens.
Outdoor poultry parasites and how to deal with them
The presence of such parasites as lice (lice and feathers) depends on the conditions of their transfer from bird to bird.
In modern poultry farming, the problem with feathers and puffy eaters has become less acute than before, since one farm contains a small number of age groups. However, with the enlargement of production areas and livestock, the likelihood of the spread of insect parasites increases.
For example, a northern chicken tick that has adapted itself for a long time to live without a host can be carried by birds, as well as equipment and clothing of staff, wild birds and rodents.
In contrast, reducing the landing area of birds creates favorable conditions for the spread of northern chicken ticks among them, which complete their life cycle on birds. Domestic flies are a problem with any type of content.
If there are breeding areas and a suitable temperature, then their number may rapidly increase. While the flies themselves are usually not a particular problem for birds, they can cause inconvenience to adjacent human dwellings and lead to complaints about their increasing numbers.
Certain ectoparasites of birds (down and peroeda) actually feed on dead cells of the skin and its derivatives. However, for many parasites, the skin serves as a habitat through which they suck blood or lymph, get warmth and shelter.
Only external parasites (down and perojedy) during the life cycle are on the same host and are transmitted to another only upon contact. Others are freely transferred from bird to bird through objects of the external environment. Some of them are narrowly specific to the hosts.
Ticks of domestic birds and chickens attack birds only at night, and during the day they hide in crevices and nests. These differences in the behavior and biology of external parasites are very important when choosing control measures. Ticks cannot be successfully controlled by any one method.
This is due to the fact that their different types lead a different lifestyle. Therefore, to select a method of control, it is necessary to accurately determine the type of parasite.
How to determine that the chicken has fleas
With a weak infection, the symptoms may appear to a lesser extent.
Any unexplained decline in productivity or an increase in feed intake should suggest the presence of external parasites in birds.
Lice and northern chicken mites can be found simply by fingering feathers. But in order to see these small parasites, you need bright light and good vision. Sufficient illumination can be obtained with the help of the illuminator attached to the head with the help of a special, elastic bandage.
If the found parasite cannot be immediately identified, then it can be sent either to the laboratory or to the entomologist. Blood-sucking parasites (bed bugs and chicken mites), which attack birds only for food, are harder to detect.
Материал гнезд, пыль и другие материалы, накапливающиеся в помещении, можно для проверки разложить в белой ванночке. Для обнаружения паразитов, питающихся ночью, нужно проводить ночные проверки птиц. Посмертная проверка в лаборатории необходима для выявления внутренних органов.
Куриные блохи — что такое
Блохи (отряд Siphonaptera) паразитируют во взрослом состоянии, но свободно живут на стадии личинки. Взрослые особи имеют размер около 1,5 мм. They have a rigid, laterally compressed body, piercing-sucking oral part, short antennae in the notch and long legs adapted for jumping.
Their transformation cycle is complete. At the larval stage, they have no legs, they look like a caterpillar, and the pupa is in a miniature cocoon. The color of fleas varies from brown to black; they feed on blood from various types of hosts.
After 1–2 weeks, tiny larvae hatch from the eggs, which feed mainly on the “feces” of fleas and clots of undigested blood secreted by the female to provide food for the developing larvae.
A fully grown larva weaves a silk cocoon, entangling various particles of dust and dirt. Depending on the temperature, the fixed stage of the pupa lasts from one week to several months.
Coming out of the pupae cocoons, young fleas are looking for the owner, sucking his blood and in a few days become sexually mature. Immature fleas can live without food for several weeks or months. Adults can live without food for several weeks, but if there are owners, they live from several months to a year.
European chicken flea
Its owners can be chickens, pigeons, azure birds, sparrows and tree swallows, as well as humans, dogs, chipmunks, rats and squirrels. This flea stays on the birds for as long as it needs for feeding. At the same time, its immature stages can be found both in nests and next to them (Fig. European chicken flea Ceratophyllusgallinae).
In Scotland, pyrethroid pyrethrin in the form of a 0.125-0.25 percent spray solution is used to fight European chicken flea (Ceratophyllus gallinae) in litter and perches.
Do not allow the penetration of poultry, dogs, cats and rats, as in this case they will constantly replenish the colony of fleas. Flea breeding is hindered by sunlight, warm, dry weather, high humidity and cold.
How to deal with chicken lice?
Imagine what torments you have to endure with geese and ducks, rooks and starlings during long spring and autumn flights! Domestic chickens are also susceptible to infection by these insects.
Chicken and eggs are dietary products, most of the world's population includes them in their diet. In our country, more and more poultry farms are being built, chickens are raised on farms and in private farms.
Bird down and feather are used as a by-product of the poultry industry. Used and production waste for the manufacture of meat and bone meal. Bird dung is also a valuable organic fertilizer.
Unlike its counterparts living in the wild, poultry do not have to fight for their existence - it does not face death from hunger and cold, or death from the claws of a predator. However, chickens, like any other living thing, are at risk of disease, they can be attacked by parasites, such as, for example, helminths, lice and fleas.
The course of the disease is associated with increased anxiety. Chickens, as a rule, search feathers for a long time in search of parasites and often peck them out along with feathers. As a result, bare spots appear on the neck and in the area of the cloaca. Adult chickens lose weight, reduce egg production. The juveniles do not grow well, the chicks that have become infected can die if the necessary measures are not taken on time.
Life cycle and behavior
Adult fleas feel comfortable at high temperatures, order 40 degrees. Therefore, they prefer not to leave the body of the bird. At the same time females practically eggs are laid every daythat they scatter around the coop with their developed rear legs.
Hatching larvae, which have the appearance of small worms, live in the litter. They feed on chicken droppings, rotting grass and dry chicken blood. Then they pupate and turn into adult individuals, after which they move to the bird.
Flea lives on average for several months, the maximum lifespan of these parasites can reach one and a half years.
Fleas can enter a chicken coop in many ways.:
- chickens may become infected from wild birdsthat are carriers of parasites - sparrows, crows, tits and others,
- fleas are capable migrate from a nearby farm or a nearby poultry farm,
- pests can be brought to the hen house with strawused for arranging litter.
After hitting a chicken coop, fleas can infect all the birds inside in a few days.
Fleas pose for birds great danger. These parasites irritate the skin of the chicken, as a result, it becomes nervous, begins to itch and pulls out feathers. Massive infection can lead to anemia and exhaustionwhich in severe cases ends by death. But more often, fleas cause deterioration in bird productivity, which, due to their presence, is worse at gaining weight and yielding fewer eggs.
Chicken fleas carry pathogens of various diseases, including encephalitis, salmonellosis, brucellosis and plague. Also, these parasites spread helminth eggs.
Fleas cause the greatest damage to birds trapped in a hen house. If birds have the opportunity to graze in the wild, they get rid of parasites, wallowing in the dust. The hen that is deprived of the opportunity to leave the house is forced to constantly be among the fleas.
Chicken fleas do not parasitize on people, because the human body temperature is too low for them. Also they are not able to bite through thick skin.
These parasites can be on a person for short time - until such time as they have the opportunity to move to more favorable conditions. But with frequent contact with a flea-affected bird, there is risk of infection of one of the infections, pathogens that carry these pests.
Need to carefully treat the health of chickens and notice changes in behavior that may indicate the presence of fleas. If parasites are detected, you should immediately start to treatment.
Fleas and chickens: how to fight
Good results can be achieved through the use of specialanti-parasitic drugs:
- Neostomazan - This is a drug for external use. The contents of the ampoule must be diluted in water, and then treated with a bird.
- Similarly, Butox is used. The active ingredient of this drug is insecticide deltamethrin.
- You can also use deltamethrin in the form of powder, which is applied to the plumage of infected birds.
- A drug Invermectin must be administered to infected chickens with injections.
- You can rid chickens of parasites by flea medications external use, used in cats and dogs.
To achieve the best effect without harm to the health of the bird, before using each drug you must carefully read the instructions and follow the manufacturer's directions.
When processing chickens you need protect hands with rubber gloves. You can also apply respiratory protection maskespecially when using aerosols.
There are many popular ways of getting rid of chicken fleas. These parasites can not stand the smell tansy, potato leaves, wormwood, geraniums and lavender. To bring them, you need to hang in a chicken coop bundles of these plants. The room itself can be sprayed. vinegar or kerosene.
Another popular way of dealing with fleas - put in the hen house baths with sand or a mixture of sand and ash. Chickens will be able to swim in them, independently getting rid of parasites. Also ash can be sprinkled on the floor of the chicken coop. The walls of the house for the fight against fleas are bleached.
Folk methods used for a long time, but in their effectiveness they are inferior to modern methods of getting rid of parasites, the main of which is the use of special preparations. Fragrant plants, kerosene, sand, ash and lime can be used as ancillary measures, as well as for the prevention of infection of poultry parasites.
How to treat a chicken coop from lice and fleas
To solve a problem, you need not only rid the chickens of adult fleas that parasitize them, but also thoroughly treat the chicken coop. In the litter, feeders and crevices in the floor and on the walls during infection there is a large number pest larvae and adultstemporarily left the bird.
After removing the chickens from the room, remove the litter and old litter, which should be burned if possible. After that, the building must be treated with insecticide. To disinfect the chicken coop, you can use:
Need to carefully process insecticide floor, walls, cages, nests, perches and feeders, and then close the chicken coop for several days. After that, it is necessary to wash the room with hot water, to which you can add bleach, ventilate it, put a new litter and return chickens to the house.
To ensure the removal of parasites disinfection must be repeated. in 2-3 weeks. At the same time all the fleas that could survive the initial treatment of the room will die.
One of the popular methods involves the use of decoction wormwood or tansy to handle the chicken coop. To prepare this tool, you need to pour one part of the grass with three parts of boiling water and let it brew for 12 hours. After this broth, you must carefully spray the room.
In winter, you can temporarily remove the bird from the chicken coop and open it wide open, well-promoted premises. Fleas and their larvae in this case quickly die, because they do not tolerate the cold.