Perhaps the divine or dill tree can be included in the list of the most rarely found perennials in the garden. Botanical name (Artemisia abrotanum) - therapeutic wormwood or abrotane. You can look at the photo of the God's tree on the photo - it is a semi-shrub up to 1.2 m high with silver, pinnately dissected leaves. Culture unpretentious, with proper planting and care winters in open ground. For decorative purposes, a small trim is required.
God's tree: origin and description
The wormwood is medical, high or citric, it grows in the wild in the south of Europe, in Asia Minor, in North America. It is found in southwest Russia and in the Altai Territory. Prefers wet places, forest edges. Often forms dense grounds along roads and abandoned housing.
The shoots of the plant are directed strictly upwards, they do not branch. Flowering in the mid-latitude conditions occurs in mid-summer (July, early August). Abrotan inflorescences are formed by small baskets, in the place of which in autumn fall seed boxes. Fruits fully mature only in the southern regions. Therefore, most often, dill is propagated vegetatively.
The first mention of the plant belongs to the V century AD. In his botanical writings, this species of wormwood was described by the ancient physician P. Dioscorides. Scientists believe that from that time began the active use of wormwood in medicine in medicine, medicine and for decoration. There are also records of the holy tree in the Ipatiev Chronicle, dating back to 1201.
Young shoots of abrotan have a bright dill aroma mixed with pine needles and citrus, older ones acquire a bitter wormwood notes.
Planting abrotane and care in the open field
For the successful growth of dill need a place with a good portion of sunlight. The southern plant does not tolerate drafts and needs protection from the wind; it is better to plant it along the building or fence. At such a site, the shrub quickly grows a green top and makes it easier to winter.
The soil is prepared nutritious, friable, well drained.
Attention! God's tree does not grow in sour soil.
They dig up the beds, bring rotten compost, manure. On 1 square. m will need 6 kg of organics. From mineral substances:
- 25 g of superphosphate,
- 15 g ammonium nitrate,
- 15 g of potassium chloride.
The wells are formed at a distance of at least 1 m from each other. After planting, young plants are watered, in the first days they monitor the condition of the soil, do not allow drying or over-wetting. For the season will require three additional feeding. The last one is made in late autumn, adding organic matter to the site.
For ten years, wormwood does not need a transplant. In addition to watering, the plant requires weeding, loosening the soil, pruning damaged branches.
Wormwood cuttings are carried out at the beginning or at the end of summer. Cuttings, rooted in June, are planted in open ground no later than August. This is necessary so that the plants can get used to the new conditions and get stronger. In the first winter, the dill tree seedlings are covered with foil or agrofabric. The following year, wormwood will spend the winter alone.
If the twigs were cut off at the end of summer, then it is better to leave them in the house for the winter. Well suited for this cool veranda or glazed loggia. It is quite possible that wormwood will drop leaves, it is not scary, in the spring new shoots will grow from the buds.
Dill in traditional medicine and cooking
Abrotan leaves and stalks contain:
- Essential oil.
- Abrotanine alkaloid.
Due to this composition, the plant is widely used for medicinal purposes. Doctors homeopaths prepare essences, relieving from some skin diseases, anemia. Proven antiseptic, hemostatic and analgesic actions.
Dry powder from the aboveground part of the tree of God is applied to boils, bruises, dislocations. When inflammation of the oral cavity and toothache - use tincture to rinse. On the basis of the rhizome - make powders against epileptic seizures, tuberculous meningitis.
Wormwood is used not only in medicine. It is also a natural air freshener. Cut the twigs dry and hang in the room. In addition, the green young growth of abrotan is an original spice for meat and fish dishes. Cooks used it to flavor sauces, broths, vinegar, added to pastries and liqueurs.
Council The branches of dill used in the brooms for a bath.
For medicinal purposes, harvesting is carried out before the beginning of flowering of wormwood. Cut off the soft twigs, which are dried in a dry and dark place. Store in tightly closed containers.
Abrotane in landscape design
God's tree is not only useful, but also an incredibly decorative culture. In the garden, lush bushes of medical wormwood are planted in flower beds. The fast-growing culture is used as a living site fencing and as a curb along paths, alleys. A tart smell will scare away insects — pests, and silvery foliage will “dilute” flower plantings.
Abrotane is combined with other perennials. Tall plants will protect heat-loving wormwood from the wind, as long as there is no excessive shading of the dill tree. Globular bushes of wormwood healing will look decent next to the blooming:
Nearby you can arrange several types of different flowering time. Thus, the composition will always attract attention.
Quite often, gardeners form a cypress-shaped divine tree, a cone-shaped crown and carved foliage further add to the plant resemblance to southern conifers.
Abrotane is also used for landscaping terraces, open verandas, balconies. Wormwood planted in wide pots or containers.
In the shops you can find the seeds of the tree of God. A month after their planting, you will have young seedlings ready for the conditions of open ground. Interestingly, the seeds are able to remain viable for about 70 years after harvest. Dill or God's tree is worthy of the attention of any gardener. Perhaps this particular plant is missing in your garden collection.
The divine tree, like many other plants, has two methods of reproduction - seed and vegetative.
Speaking about the method of propagation by seeds, it should be borne in mind that seed is not so easy to get. In our latitudes, the seeds of the tree of God are simply not ripe. In specialized stores you will be offered the seeds of wormwood from the southern regions.
First, seeds are sown in boxes - this is how cultivation of seedlings begins. Grown up seedlings, having two pairs of true leaves (according to the general rules of care), are planted in open ground. But they do this only when the earth warms up and warm weather sets in. In such conditions, a young plant will get stronger faster and grow.
Vegetative reproduction of the divine tree involves the division of the bush or the germination of cuttings. The cuttings of wormwood are cut in the summertime, during the period of the most rapid growth and development of the shrub. Cut the twigs put in a pot with river sand, which before it is well moistened. The pot is placed under a transparent cap - a glass or plastic wide jar is suitable. Regular spraying of the plant is highly recommended. Cuttings take root in about 25-30 days after which they are planted in a permanent place of growth. For two years, from a small cutting, gently grooming it, you can get a lush and attractive bush.
Reproduction by cuttings in early spring is permissible. This method is considered more simple, but much less effective. In this case, the shoots are cut to the appearance of leaves and immediately immersed in a bowl with water. Pretty soon you will notice the appearance of the roots, after which the twigs are planted in open ground. Cuttings, cut in the spring, you can immediately put on the site, not germinating in the water, but this method is unlikely to be successful.
Tree wormwood is planted on the site, given its undoubted decorative value. But we should not forget about the beneficial properties of this wonderful shrub. As mentioned, the leaves of wormwood contain a significant amount of essential oil - it is this that causes the peculiar smell of leaves of wormwood of any kind. Consider some of the applications of this plant.
- Extracts of this plant are used in the preparation of perfume compositions.
- Wormwood is used to flavor drinks.
- In dried and fresh form, the leaves of the plant are used as a spice in the preparation of meat dishes, especially game dishes. It is also added when baking bread to add flavor.
- Brooms for a steam bath are made from twigs of wormwood that can help with rheumatism, obesity and diseases of the joints.
- The aroma of wormwood can significantly reduce headache. To do this, plant sprigs are advised to put a small linen sack under the pillow or fill it with dried leaves.
- To stimulate hair growth helps tincture of wormwood. It needs to be rubbed into the scalp.
- When bruises and sprains are advised to make compresses from the tincture of wormwood.
- Wormwood oil is used to treat skin diseases, colds, bronchitis.
- Wormwood is good for disinfecting premises. Her smell is afraid of the mole.
These and other uses of the plant only increase its popularity in our area.