This is such a pretty tall plant. The stems are covered with soft needles. In August, bright red fruits also ripen. This perennial grass is also used for decorating bouquets and for decorating the garden. In fact, this plant is called asparagus officinalis. It belongs to the asparagus family, the genus asparagus. She came to us at sites from North America. However, now wild species of this grass can be found in the forests of the foothills of the Caucasus, in the fields of Eastern Europe.
And in Siberia, she feels great. The plant is very decorative, beautiful and not particularly demanding to attentive care. Where does asparagus grow? On any soil and under any conditions. Propagated by dividing the rhizome, as well as seeds that ripen at the end of summer, fall out of the seed box. Then next spring they begin their life cycle. Asparagus medicinal looks like a fairly tall bush with a main trunk. A small amount of lateral branches leaves from it. The main trunk and branches are covered with small needles, soft to the touch. They are called cladodes. The leaves are small scales that fit snugly to the stem of the plant. They have a dark green color with a purple tint. In August, a large number of bright red berries are formed on the plants after flowering; these are fruits in which the seeds of the plant are under a layer of pulp. Asparagus - a plant that must be planted on the garden. Where to plant it? For planting and cultivation, it is necessary to allocate a place that is slightly shaded from direct sunlight with loose nutrient soil. Plants should be planted at a distance of 30-40 centimeters from each other. The distance between rows is 50 centimeters. When collecting young shoots, 1-2 sprouts are left to continue the formation of the bush and further reproduction of the new growth.
In addition to decorative, asparagus medicinal fully justifies its scientific name. Roots, trunks and seeds contain a large amount of nutrients and vitamins. This is a group of vitamins C, nicotinic acid, thiamine and many others. Among other things, it is in asparagus drug contains substances such as saponins and chelidonic acid. They help in the fight against kidney disease, urinary system. Infusions from the green parts of the plant are struggling with hair loss, dandruff. A decoction of rhizomes - an indispensable tool in the treatment of bronchial diseases.
You can eat asparagus
If you are interested in edible plants, then know that this asparagus to such and applies. Her young shoots are eaten. For this, in early spring, when the plant is just beginning to break out of the ground, it is necessary to dig 10-15 to 15 cm out of the soil and rinse thoroughly.
And then use in cooking. However, if the plant rose high enough above the ground, it becomes unusable. Because trunks become hard and tasteless. From the stalks of asparagus prepare the first and second courses. But for asparagus salad lightly boiled. And then cut.
Salad with asparagus and greens turns out tasty, refreshing, original. Besides still useful and vitamin. However, there is a dish, which consists of meat products.
It is only necessary to add a little boiled chicken fillet and spices to make a salad with asparagus. You can eat it when hungry. Note that the attractiveness of such a salad is not inferior to popular vegetable dishes. You can also use other edible plants to create a dish. For example, nettle or dandelions.
For long-term storage, the shoots are washed, lightly dried from excess moisture and then frozen. In this form, asparagus can be stored all winter and used for cooking. Asparagus is very tasty and nutritious. But it does not have sharp flavors and tastes. Many gourmets say that the taste of asparagus is similar to the taste of beans or baked pumpkin. In a plant a large number of dense fibers. They give a special crunch to the cooked dish.
Calorie and chemical composition of asparagusIn cooking, asparagus is a popular delicacy. Eat shoots of a plant. Asparagus brings both benefits and harm to the human body.
Asparagus Calories per 100 g of the product is only 21 kcal. The product is rich in vitamins and minerals.
Asparagus contains the following vitamins: A - 82.8 μg, thiamine B1 - 0.1 mg, riboflavin B2 - 0.1 mg, C - 20.2 mg, E - 1.9 mg, beta-carotene - 0.6 mg, PP - 1, 1 mg.
Macro and trace elementsThe ingredients of asparagus are as follows: potassium — 195.8 mg, phosphorus — 62.1 mg, calcium — 21 mg, magnesium — 20.2 mg, sodium — 2 mg, iron — 1 mg.
Chemical composition This useful vegetable contains the following elements:
- Water - 93 g,
- Carbohydrates - 3 g,
- Disaccharides and monosaccharides - 2.2 g,
- Protein - 2 g,
- Dietary fiber - 1.5 g,
- Starch - 1 g,
- Ash - 0.5 g,
- Organic acids - 0.1 g,
- Fat - 0.1 g
In soy asparagus contains vitamins B, D, E, among the macro elements there is also lecithin, which is involved in cell regeneration and normalizes the nervous system and the brain, and choline, which increases the resistance of cells against harmful factors.White asparagus contains vitamins A, B1, B2, C, E. The micro- and macroelements included in its composition are calcium, potassium, phosphorus.
Green asparagus has a richer composition of the elements. Vitamins contained in it - A, B1, B2, B4, B9, E, C, K. Among the micro and macro elements are present, in addition to the general list, manganese, copper, selenium and niacin.
Useful properties of asparagus for the human body
The benefits of asparagus for the human body are manifested by the following properties:
- Diuretic effect
- Lowering blood pressure
- Slowing heart rate
- Liver function improvement,
- Strengthening the contractions of the heart
- Laxative effect
- Analgesic properties,
- Soothing effect
- Anti-inflammatory properties
- Blood purifying properties
- Immunostimulating action
- Improved kidney function.
Scientists have investigated the usefulness of asparagus for men. The plant contains proteins, minerals, carbohydrates, which are important for the male potency.
Separate properties are inherent in soy asparagus. Use it for the prevention of cancer, cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis.
How to procure and store medical raw materials from asparagusFor consumption, harvesting of young shoots is done in spring. White Asparagus Shoots harvested while they are in the ground, so that they retain their tenderness and softness.
Green asparagus harvested when the shoots reach 20 cm in growth. Under the influence of sunlight, a reaction occurs, due to which the shoots turn green while at the same time acquiring a rougher structure.
Asparagus sprouts should be resilient, smooth, with a slight shiny shimmer. Cut locations should not look dried. It is impossible to keep a fresh product for a long time, as it loses its properties and qualities. Asparagus sprouts are stored in the refrigerator for 5-7 days, provided that the slices are renewed and immersed in water.
For medicinal purposes rhizomes, grass, fruits and young leaves of asparagus are used.Root preparation produce in the autumn, after the wilting of the above-ground parts. They are dug, cleaned from the ground, washed in running water and cut into pieces. In this form, the rhizomes are dried in the open air under a canopy, spread out in a thin layer on fabric or paper.
Practiced drying in the oven at temperatures up to 45 °. It is possible to store roots harvested in this way for 2 years.
Asparagus Herb harvested during flowering. Young tops of the plant are cut to a length of about 30 cm. The grass is dried outdoors in the shade or indoors with good ventilation, laying a thin layer on fabric or paper.
Asparagus Fruits harvested when they are fully ripe.
The use of asparagus in traditional medicine
In folk medicine, asparagus has been used as an analgesic, anti-inflammatory and diuretic.
Medicines containing asparagus in the composition help to lower blood pressure, slow down heart rhythm, increase diuresis and expand peripheral vessels.
Such drugs are used for cardiovascular diseases associated with dropsy of the abdomen and swelling of the lower extremities.Asparagus will benefit from diseases such as nephritis, pyelonephritis, pyelitis and other diseases of the genitourinary system. Tachycardia, diabetes, arthritis, rheumatism are also treated with infusions and decoctions of rhizomes of asparagus. Infusion of asparagus rhizomes is used for pain in the joints.
It is customary to use asparagus as a laxative. It is used as a means of destroying kidney stones and liver, as well as for the treatment of skin diseases, eczema.
Useful properties of asparagus and contraindications
The plant has a number of unique properties. Asparagus has few calories, but it is also very nutritious. Often this vegetable is consumed, wishing to lose weight, as well as for the treatment of diabetes and other diseases.
Edible asparagus is very useful for the body because:
- stabilizes blood pressure
- has diuretic properties
- a beneficial effect on the liver,
- provides a light laxative effect
- boosts immunity
- stops the inflammatory processes
- promotes blood purification
- removes metabolic products and toxins from the body.
Before eating asparagus, remember that this product is not suitable for those who have a duodenal ulcer or stomach ulcer. Also, doctors argue a lot about the effect of vegetables on the formation of kidney stones and bladder. Therefore, people with these diseases should be wary of this culture.
Preparation and storage of medicinal asparagus
In folk medicine, used roots, young shoots and herb asparagus medicinal. The shoots are harvested at the beginning of spring, the grass at the time of flowering, and the roots at the end of autumn or early spring.
Dug out the roots cleaned and washed in running water, and then cut into pieces and dried in an oven or dryer at 60 ° C. Shoots and grass can be dried or frozen for future use.
Asparagus in cosmetology
Asparagus is also used in cosmetology: asparagus decoction can wipe out rashes and acne on the skin - it relieves inflammation well. Fresh asparagus juice can wipe your face for a rejuvenating effect (it is recommended to do it twice a day). Also from this plant prepare a variety of masks.
Anti-aging face mask:
- 2 tbsp. fresh shredded asparagus shoots,
- 2 tbsp. cottage cheese,
Mix asparagus with cottage cheese and dilute with a small amount of plum to make a creamy mass - apply the mask on your face for 10 minutes. After a specified time, wash off the mask with warm water, then wash with cool water.
- 1 tbsp. crushed asparagus shoots,
- 2 tbsp. grated fresh cucumber,
- 1 drop of rose oil.
Mix the ingredients, apply for 10 minutes on the face, and then rinse with cucumber juice or cooled with boiled water at room temperature. After the mask is not recommended to wash for 2 hours.