Among the ampelous plants cultivated in indoor floriculture, the Asparagaceae family is very popular. Asparagus Sprenger (asparagus sprengeri) belongs to this family. This representative of South Africa has long, up to 1.5 m, shoots falling in a cascade. The leaves of the plant have changed into thin scales, which are called cladodes. They are painted in bright green.
Over time, the old branches begin to “grow bald”, gradually losing their cladodes. In May-June, inflorescences appear in the axils of leaf-scales, in which small white flowers are collected. After flowering in place of the bud bright red berries are formed.
The plant is different decorative and unpretentious. Asparagus is indispensable for gardening interiors of residential and office premises. In addition, it is used to create bouquets, as the stems retain freshness for a long time in cut form. The plant loves bright and diffused lighting.
It is better to put it next to the windowsill on the west or east side of the house, where there is a lot of sunshine. The flower is placed in hanging pots or placed on a high stand, since asparagus grows quickly and it needs a lot of space.
What to do immediately after purchase?
Set to a well lit place separate from other indoor plants and leave alone for a few days. Watch out for direct sunlight on asparagus. Flower needs to acclimatize in the house. It can be watered, cut, fed and transplanted in 3-7 days.
A week later, conduct preventive treatment against diseases and pests.
A solution of household and tar soap or special insecticides will be suitable (Aktellik, Bi-58 Novy, Gaupsin, Iskra, Kleschevit, Muhoed, Tanrek, etc.).
Older branches need to be cut at the root, because after the procedure they stop growing. In return, many young shoots appear, and the bush becomes more lush.
Asparagus requires constant and abundant watering in spring and summer, and moderate in the autumn and winter months. Frequent watering can harm him.
For normal development and preservation of decorative stems flower can not be poured, the soil should periodically dry out.
Water is pre-settled in an open tank for at least a day.
The plant does not tolerate dry air, so in the summer heat and in the heating season, asparagus is periodically sprayed with water.
The plant loves loose, slightly acidic soil. Its pH should be in the range of 5.5-7.0. The soil mix includes soil types:
- sheet - 1 part,
- greenhouse (peat) - 1 hour,
- clay-sod - 1 hour,
- coarse sea sand - ½ h.
Asparagus grows well in purchased universal soil for decorative leafy plants with the addition of vermiculite or perlite.
Planting and transplanting
A flower is transplanted when it becomes crowded in a pot. Transplantation of young copies is carried out annually. For adult plants, starting from the age of three, this process is carried out 1 time in 2-3 years. Abundantly expanded roots during transplantation can be shortened. Plant a plant in the spring, before the growth of buds.
After transplantation, shrubs pritenuyut from bright light. Asparagus Sprenger (Vivaldi) needs a lot of light, in the summer they take out the pots on the balcony or the open veranda, in the winter it is possible to arrange additional lighting with the help of a lamp.
Asparagus is diluted in 2 ways:
In some sources describe the 3 method - cutting one-year shoots, but at home it almost does not give results.
Seeds are sown in the greenhouse at the end of winter. The soil is made up of ready-made soil for seedlings and sand, it must be loose and breathable.
To accelerate the germination of seeds they are soaked before planting in a solution of potassium permanganate or in warm water for 24 hours.
Seeds are laid out on a moistened soil and sprinkled with a thin layer of soil. A constant temperature of 25 ° C is maintained in the greenhouse. Crops air daily for a few minutes. Germination time - from 3 to 6 weeks.
Upon reaching the seedlings height of 7-8 cm, they dive into separate pots and arrange a good drainage of coarse sand.
By dividing the bush into several parts, young bushes are planted during the transfer of the plant into a larger pot. This method of planting asparagus should be carried out with great care so as not to damage the rhizome. On the roots of the plant nodules are formed, which accumulate useful substances necessary for the normal development of the flower. Each delenka should have at least 3 adult shoots and part of a well-developed rhizome.
Grown from seed bushes are more endurance than planted by dividing the root. Asparagus grows faster and better in spacious clay or ceramic pots. In plastic containers, the root system often rot, especially if the irrigation regime is disturbed.
Humidity of air is increased by spraying the branches with distilled water of room temperature or by installing a container with a flower in a pallet with wet drainage.
Asparagus is fed once every 2 weeks in spring and autumn with mineral fertilizer for decorative leafy plants. Organic feeding can be carried out 1 time per month. As a fertilizer, use horn shavings, mullein infusion or bird droppings.
With proper care and knowledge of the features of this type of plants, even from a small seed you can grow a great decoration for your interior.
Asparagus plants perfectly adapt to the penumbra, but ideally should be planted in a well-lit place (it is important that the light was not direct). The ideal place for growing plants in the house can be a hanging or floor pot.
If the plant will be located in the apartment, then the windows or windows facing west or east will be a great place. If the pot will stand at the window facing south - place it a little further from the window.
In early summer, you can rearrange the pot on the balcony if the plant lives on it from a diffused light source and will not be exposed to drafts.
Gallery: asparagus (25 photos)
The optimum temperature for room asparagus in summer is 22–25 degrees, in winter - 15–19 degrees. Temperatures that exceed this can cause the needles of the plant to fall out and the stem to dry out, after which there is an extremely low chance of restoring the plant. The situation does not fix even increasing the humidity of the room. The stems will dry out and will need to be cut.
Almost all varieties of asparagus do not tolerate dry indoor air, and in winter, during room heating, especially.
For normal development and maintenance in acceptable conditions of the plant, it is necessary to regularly spray the sheets. For better effect, you can arrange the pot on the pallet with wet gravel. Better yet, move the plant away from the battery, if possible.
In most species of asparagus, active growth begins in February, during which it is important to carry out abundant watering (the amount of water in the soil should not be excessive).
It is impossible that the water in the pan stagnated. This also needs to be monitored. In winter, watering should be reduced to a minimum, but the soil should always remain slightly wet. Do not allow complete drying of the soil in the pot.
Every year, young plants need to be transplanted into larger pots, as their root system grows quite quickly. Adult flowers require a transplant every 3 years, which is best done in the spring.
First, it is necessary to lay the bottom of the pot with a drainage layer of expanded clay. After that, the roots of asparagus are placed in the center and covered with a dense layer of soil at the same level.
At the end of the transplant, the plant must be watered, and after a week, fertilizers can be poured into the pot, for example, complex mineral fertilizer.
Asparagus Sprenger Care
Among all types of asparagus, it is necessary to highlight the indoor flower Asparagus Sprenger and provide several separate tips for caring for it. Usually, this kind of care is the same as for the rest of the indoor or garden, but it has several features:
- This species can grow quite calmly under the influence of direct sunlight.
- Reproduction of this species is performed by dividing the roots. Planting and grafting is also possible, but root division is the quickest and easiest method. (When propagating by cuttings, the plant must be placed in water, and transplanted into a pot a month later).
- At home, asparagus Sprenger blooms rarely.
The worst way, according to most experienced gardeners. The chance that the plant will take root is extremely low. But no one forbids experimenting, and perhaps you will succeed, and the new flower will grow big and beautiful.
Reproduction of asparagus cuttings produced on the arrival of spring. Cut off 8 or 10 cm shoots from the plant. The resulting cuttings are planted in a container filled with sand, after which it must be covered with glass and left for a month and a half in a warm, lit place.
You can grow another asparagus from seeds at home. This method is good that such reproduction can be carried out at any time. However, it would be best if the crop is scheduled for early March. Otherwise, you will have to provide the plant with additional sources of artificial lighting.
If the plant was fruitful, then in each of its berries must grow at least one seed that can be harvested and immediately planted in a moist substrate (humus soil with sand and leaves), sprinkled with earth. After that, it must be covered with glass or film.
The container or pot with seeds planted should be placed in a warm and bright place. To prevent mold and not sour the soil, the substrate must be regularly aired and moisturized.
After 2-3 weeks, shoots will appear that can be planted in pots. Within four months, it will be possible to transplant the plants into large pots, where it will be necessary to place the drainage and soil, like adult plants.
Division of roots
During the next transplant of asparagus, the parent flower can be divided into 2-3 parts, transplanted into separate flowerpots. Separation should be carried out with extreme caution, because this is the most painful breeding option for this type of plant. To carry out the division of the root should be in the spring during transplanting plants in a larger container.
To begin with - carefully remove the flower from the pot, lightly shake off the ground from the roots and remove the old stems. After that, the bush and rhizome are divided into several separate parts. They must be planted in pots with moist soil.
While asparagus is young, it must be replanted annually.. Do it in the spring. Mature plants can be transplanted every 2−3 years. The soil for the flower is chosen loose and fertile. You can make it yourself, using leaf soil, turf, peat soil and sand in the ratio of 1: 1: 0.5.Replanting the plant, you should remove the old and bare branches. Capacity for planting is better to choose a spacious and fairly strong. Metal and ceramic pots work well. This is necessary for the reason that the root system of the flower grows quite quickly, and in adult plants, they begin to stick out, deforming the plastic pots. If the root system of an adult plant has grown strongly, then during transplantation it is recommended to remove a small part of the tubers and reduce the root system by about a third.
Diseases and pests
Pests infect asparagus quite rarely.. Sometimes spider mite may appear. It lives on the back of the leaves. About his presence can be found on the thin cobweb that wraps around the flower. To get rid of it, its nests should be thoroughly rinsed with running water.
If worms appear, the flower should be treated with insecticidal agents. You can use the tool "Actellic".Diseases can occur due to improper care of the plant. When the branches get a lighter shade and stretch out, it indicates a lack of sunlight. It is necessary to change the location of the flower. It is better to put it on the windowsill or the sunny side of the loggia.
Description and photo view
Asparagus Sprenger, or Ethiopia asparagus, is one of the most popular species of this evergreen perennial plant. It is placed in apartments, offices and office premises, winter gardens.
Thick creeping branches are covered with fluffy cladodes, spread to the sides and reach 1.5 meters in length. False leaves of soft green color cover shoots along the entire length, most of them are collected in bundles of 3-4 pieces, which makes asparagus Shprenger highly decorative.
Flowering time - May, June. Bunches of miniature white flowers have a delicate pleasant aroma. As a result of pollination, small round berries of red color are formed and ripen. Fruits of asparagus Shprenger suitable for growing from seeds of new plants.
The plant is unpretentious and durable, but for the development and maintenance of a spectacular appearance it is necessary to observe several conditions.
Ideal for Ethiopian asparagus scattered bright lighting, although short-term exposure to direct sunlight does not harm it. It is better to place the flower on a shelf, stand, cabinet or in hanging pots near the window. A location away from the light source can cause:
- stretching shoots
- loss of density of cladodes,
- decrease the brightness of the color.
With a lack of moisture in the room, asparagus turns yellow and showered: the simplest thing to do for prevention is to spray the plant. In dry and hot weather, you need to do it 2 times a day, morning and evening. If space permits, put a pot with a tray in a wide shallow container with expanded clay, perlite or gravel, where a little water is poured. Evaporating moisture will gradually saturate the air.
For asparagus, the soil must meet the following requirements:
- neutral acidity
- nutrient saturation
Suitable ready-made mix for indoor flowers with the addition of vermiculite or perlite. These components improve water and air exchange, prevent soil rotting.
How to plant asparagus: reproduction
For asparagus Sprenger, reproduction is available in any of the 3 ways - seeds, processes, cuttings.
Before you grow asparagus from seeds, prepare a mixture of equal parts of sand and peat.
In late February, ripened seeds are sown in a prepared soil under a transparent cover. It is necessary to maintain the air temperature of 21-22 ° C. The crops are regularly aired, the soil is slightly moistened, if necessary, by spraying from a spray bottle. Seedlings will appear in 4-5 weeks, when reaching a height of 10-12 cm, they pick a seedling. In June, the seedlings are transplanted into permanent flowerpots.
When transplanting, the rhizome of asparagus can be neatly divided into several parts, at least 3-4 healthy shoots, each of which should be planted in a separate pot.
Rooting cuttings are cut in lengths of 10-12 cm, rooted in containers with moist sand, covered with a transparent cap. Airing daily, provide good lighting and the temperature is not lower than 21-22 ° C. After 35-40 days, the cuttings are ready for planting in the ground.
Diseases, pests, possible difficulties
Diseases are most often caused by root rot from over-irrigation. Help to improve the flower:
- transplanting to fresh nutritious soil
- removal when transplanting old and rotten underground parts,
- watering correction,
- dosage application of suitable biostimulants.
- air humidification
- regular removal of dry and old shoots.
When pests appear, they are recommended to be removed mechanically and with the use of insecticides.
Yellowing and shedding of shoots, except for dry air, can be caused by:
- old age of the shoot, branches older than 1.5-2 years old are cut out
- an excess of direct sunlight - if it is not possible to put a flower in another place, it is prone,
- narrowness of the pot. Overgrown roots do not tolerate cramped, prone to decay. Transplanting to a larger pot or splitting a bush is recommended.
Caring for a plant does not require large expenditures and special skills, its spectacular ampelous shoots will decorate any interior.
In the United States, asparagus Sprenger was declared a weed in Hawaii, Florida, New Zealand, and became common around major urban areas of Australia, including Sydney, Wollongong, Central Coast, Southeast Queensland and Adelaide, Lord Howe Island and Norfolk Island. Seeds are spread by fruit birds and improper disposal of garden waste.
Consuming berries can cause diarrhea, vomiting and abdominal pain, skin contact can cause dermatitis. The species is toxic for domestic cats and dogs.
Care after purchase
Asparagus Sprenger refers to unpretentious hardy species.
It is considered a decorative plant of amazing beauty. He can adapt to all conditions of existence.
Can grow in apartments, offices, institutions, loggias and balconies, greenhouses or ornamental garden. After buying a flower, for its excellent growth, it is necessary to comply with certain requirements.
If the plant was bought in plastic bags with a wet rhizome, then it needs proper planting in wide containers. First of all, you should choose a comfortable well-lit place. It is impossible to allow direct hit of sunshine and big drafts.
Plant pruning tolerates fine. Due to the systematic formation of flower growers achieve increased bushiness. The plant begins to grow abundantly in breadth and growth, to give new shoots and cladodes. It is necessary to get rid of adult patients and “bald” shoots. In their place at the end of time new stems grow.
Asparagus Sprenger likes frequent systematic watering.
It is necessary to provide abundant regular irrigation with separated water.
The flower does not tolerate chlorine, so you should not allow chemical impurities in the water.
In order to avoid burns or frostbite rhizomes, it is better to use water at room temperature.
The soil of the flower is always kept wet.
The plant can not be poured. Excess moisture leads to root decay and acidification of the soil.
It is not recommended to leave water on the pallet. Otherwise, the plant may suffocate.
If you do not maintain the necessary humidity, the cladodes of the flower may begin to turn yellow and fall off strongly.
For Asparagus Sprenger, a neutral, breathable soil with a good nutritional basis will do. You can cook it yourself. To do this, you will need turf, sheet, peat soil and sea sand in proportions of 1: 1: 1: 1/2.
It is allowed to use universal purchased land for deciduous or decorative flowers. In such a soil, you must add vermiculite or a small amount of perlite.
For planting should use wide capacity, as the flower is endowed with an actively developed rhizome. It forms root nodules, in which, as they grow, the necessary amount of vitality and nutrients accumulate.
At the bottom of the tank stack drainage of pebbles or expanded clay. Then pour a small layer of prepared soil and place the flower in the middle of the tank. The edges are filled with the remaining soil. For good growth, the plant is abundantly watered and placed in a lighted place.
Young Asparagusa are transplanted each year in the spring time.
For transplanting it is necessary to use larger containers than before.
Transplantation of adult specimens is carried out as the container is filled with the root system of the flower.
If the roots start to peek out of the drainage holes, it is necessary to transplant into a wider pot.
It is allowed to remove 1/3 of the nodules. Removing more nodules can kill the plant.
Feeding is done during intensive growth 1 time in 14 days.
Well suited supplements for deciduous or decorative indoor flowers. According to the advice of experienced flower growers, it is allowed to use organic dressing in the form of horn chips.
Benefit and harm
Thanks to the beautiful cladodes, the plant is used as a decoration on bouquets of flowers, in decorating wedding cars and tents.
The stems are used on trays as a beautiful presentation of exotic dishes.
Do not allow leaves to enter the food. Asparagus leaf juice causes a strong burning sensation.
Therefore, when it comes into contact with the eyes or on the skin, it must be quickly washed off with running water. The burn is treated with sea buckthorn oil or an antibacterial spray.