The magnificent extravaganza of large flowers of clematis rarely leaves anyone indifferent. Even the most unattractive buildings, entwined with plants, are transformed. To decorate the other corners of your own garden with clematis, it is not necessary to buy young seedlings. Use one of the most effective methods of reproduction of clematis - grafting.
Reproduction of clematis by layering in autumn - soil preparation
Selection of a suitable soil will allow you to grow new plants with maximum success. For clematis, a light, non-greasy primer with good breathable properties is suitable. At the same time it is important that the substrate retains good moisture necessary for the formation of the root system.
For this purpose, a mixture of one part of humus or peat and two parts of sand is perfect. As the soil can be used vermiculite or coconut fiber tablets.
Planting clematis cuttings in the ground
For cuttings use small pots or plastic cups. Each tank is filled with prepared soil, then watered. The cuttings are then inserted into the ground with a long end cut at an angle so that the internode is half in the ground. It is at this point that small roots will form.
Clematis cuttings in spring and autumn
By the way, to speed up root formation, before planting, the cuttings can be left for several hours in a solution of “Kornevina”, “Heteroauxin” or “KornyaSuper” or simply dipped in powder by the end. Capacity with cuttings placed in a warm place (about +25 degrees) or covered with foil. To ensure a high level of humidity, the cuttings are sprayed from the sprayer up to two or three times a day. As a rule, rooting occurs within a month and a half. In winter, young plants are placed in a cellar or basement.
Clematis: summer rooting of green cuttings
author Ziborova E.Yu., photo by S.R.
Large-flowered clematis in bloom is a miracle from which it is impossible to take your eyes off. The huge flowers of clematis have some attracting power ...
These are elegant clematis were demonstrated at one of the flower exhibitions in Chelsea.
The demand of Russian gardeners for large-flowered clematis of various varieties is very high. But the range and offer of sellers for clematis we still small. Therefore, prices for clematis seedlings are high, and beautiful new varieties are naturally quite expensive. And far from every florist these prices are “affordable”.
Unfortunately, now there is a tendency for a further increase in prices due to a surge in demand for clematis seedlings, since the past anomalous winter caused enormous damage to these plants in our gardens.
By the way, at the same time, I’ll note: do not rush to dig up the supposedly frozen clematis bushes, because sprouts from at least a few preserved roots can sprout even after two years!
In such a situation, vegetative reproduction of clematis is especially important.
For example, if there is an opportunity in the summer to take even a small green shoot from the favorite clematis crown and root the chopped cuttings, then young plants will soon develop - their own Miracle, which will flourish one day!
There are many ways of vegetative propagation of clematis, including:
- rooting cuttings.
Some experts prefer vaccinations, rightly noting that clematis cuttings are not always successfully rooted (with cutting skills, about 60-90%).
In addition, in the summer, in the midst of growth and at the beginning of flowering, it is very a pity to cut off the cuttings of a strong growing clematis shoot, which is about to give long-awaited wonderful flowers ...
Period of grafting and rooting of clematis cuttings
In the presence of a greenhouse and successfully wintered mother large-flowered clematis in pots, cuttings are made in the early spring of woken up vertical lignified shoots.
Later, clematis cuttings are rooted most successfully in the budding phase of the shoots when they contain the maximum amount of their own biostimulants.
In clematis varieties that bloom on last year's shoots (provided they are successfully preserved in winter), cutting can be started at the end of May before flowering, and after flowering until the end of June and beginning of July.
In the summer (June-July), green clematis cuttings are usually rooted in the cuttings - in pots, in boxes or directly in the open field of the garden.
If necessary, you can pre-summer rooting of harvested clematis cuttings at home, in the water.
And at the end of summer (August), and even in September, clematis vines, which are actively blossoming, can also be cut and rooted with high-quality green cuttings (but their rooting in this period should already take place only in protected ground).
Thus, the harvesting and rooting of cuttings in the spring and summer of new growing shoots from properly pruned and fertilized uterine clematis can stretch out over a rather long period.
Rooting conditions for clematis cuttings in water
For convenience, several harvested clematis cuttings can be bundled, but in such a way that their lower ends are at the same level.
For water rooting cuttings of clematis is better to take a brown pharmacy capacity. In the absence of a dark container, you can use a regular glass jar, pre-wrapped it in a dense light-proof paper.
It is advisable to collect pure rainwater and put in it pieces of charcoal.
It is important: it is necessary to pour water into the vial just enough to touch only the tips of the cuttings, without getting wet the nodes with the kidneys.
In the future, as the water level decreases, it is necessary to top up regularly and on time to the original volume.
Place the bubble with the cuttings into a large plastic bottle, not completely cut across, with the cap screwed on. So for rooting plants, the necessary greenhouse effect is created, which slows down the evaporation of water and accelerates the formation of roots.
Clematis cuttings should be in a warm bright place (preferably + 22 ... 25 degrees, but not higher than +30 degrees), protected from direct sunlight. In such conditions, they take root in water for about two months.
Approximately 4 weeks later, a root growth (callus) is formed on sections of the ends of the cuttings, from which the rudiments of the main mass of the future seedling roots soon appear.
When the length of the decorated young roots will reach 3 cm - it's time to seat the rooted clematis cuttings into individual pots.
Also, be sure to put pots with young clematis for rooting in a common greenhouse (under glass or film) to ensure high humidity. Then the process of rooting cuttings in the substrate will go faster, and most importantly - dormant buds will remain in the nodes. Otherwise, when the air humidity is insufficient, the vegetative buds will dry up, and then the rooted cuttings will die.
Rooting conditions for clematis cuttings in the substrate
Harvested clematis cuttings can be immediately planted for rooting in a loose fertile substrate:
- individually (for example, in large transparent cups with drainage holes made from below),
- together in a common handle, but in this case it will be impossible to control the process of formation of the roots of each cutting.
When using a cuttings for rooting clematis cuttings, it is filled with a layer of drainage and then with a substrate.
The bottom layer of the substrate (about 25 cm) should consist of ripened compost or humus. As the top layer (about 5 cm), perlite or washed coarse river sand, or a mixture of sand with high peat in equal shares is used.
The cutter soil is carefully leveled and easily compacted, richly moistened.
Clematis cuttings are planted in the substrate with a peg so that the top of the node of each cutting with the buds is on the ground surface, but the base of the node would have close contact with the substrate. In this case, with proper planting of the cuttings, the root system grows not only from the callus, but also from the sub-renal zone of the node, and in some cases also from the tissue of the internode.
After planting the cuttings produced a very neat watering.
For rooting clematis cuttings, high air humidity is provided using film or glass, while ensuring timely watering and regular spraying of the plants.
Maintenance and overwintering of large-flowered clematis cuttings
Cleatis cuttings planted on rooting into the substrate after about 1.5-2 months acquire developed roots.
Hardening time is coming - it's time to accustom the plants to fresh air by regular airing the greenhouse, opening it every day more and more often for a longer time. In two weeks, clematis, which are used to fresh air, can be opened completely.
Now, similarly and gradually, it is necessary to accustom cuttings to direct sunlight.
The peculiarity of large-flowered clematis saplings of different varieties grown from cuttings is that they behave differently in the process of growing the roots.
The best option: when the vegetative buds rooting cuttings do not wake up. And then hardened young clematis saplings with dormant buds usually successfully hibernate, and in spring produce strong shoots.
Worse, when the vegetative buds of rooted cuttings start to grow in the autumn - after all, winter is ahead, and new shoots just do not have time to mature. Such “hurry” cuttings winter much worse, and the plants that survived in the spring awaken late. Therefore, it is dangerous to leave germinated cuttings in the open field. For such tender young clematis, it is necessary to provide more favorable and reliable wintering conditions (for example, in the cellar or in the garden garden).
Successfully rooted ungrown cuttings in the greenhouse can be left for the winter at the rooting site by carefully covering the young clematis in the fall so that the substrate does not froze deep in the winter.
However, in regions with a harsh winter, rooted clematis cuttings are more reliable to dig up, sort them according to the size of the roots, stick the seedlings into containers and place them in a non-freezing cold place for wintering.
After a favorable wintering, clematis cuttings with good roots planted in spring start to grow together, quickly forming a strong root system and strong shoots.
Cuttings with a weaker root system is better to plant on rearing on a special bed, providing them with careful care. Such plants can be seated on a permanent place in the next garden season.
For clematis cuttings rooted in early spring from the awakened lignified shoots, there are other features of planting - this is a topic for another article.
Elena Y. Ziborova
Gardenia.ru Floriculture: Pleasure and Benefit
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Clematis budding process is a signal for vegetative reproduction.
However, before you proceed to cutting, feed the plant.
Why is this breeding method called "green cutting"? Yes, because the cuttings are cut straight from the growing creepers. In this case, only the middle part of the shoot is taken (up to the flowers). The shoot is cut into cuttings with one or two nodes. The upper cut of the cutting is done, departing 2-3 cm from the knot, the lower one is made obliquely indented by 1-2 cm.
The lower sections of the cuttings are processed "root".
As a substrate for cuttings friable soil with sand, perlite will suit. An important condition is that the substrate must be sterile. The cutting is placed in a layer of coarse sand, which is poured on top of the substrate at a height of 4-5 cm.
Planting should be inclined so that the buds are flush with the soil, or are buried. If the cutting is with one knot, one sheet is removed or both leaves are shortened by half to reduce the evaporation of moisture. The cuttings are planted so that the leaves do not touch each other and the ground, otherwise the leaves will turn black and the cuttings will die.
Care for cuttings
When is it best to propagate clematis
Breeding time for clematis depends on the method chosen, the growing region and the state of the mother plant.
A bush cutting is carried out in spring and autumn, but different rooting technologies are used. It is noticed that the vitality of spring plants is higher. Rooting shoots are cut to flowering.
Autumn cutting is carried out at the end of the summer, for rooting take the shoots remaining after pruning.
By dividing the bush resorted in early spring. The procedure is difficult, to divide the rhizomes of old plants is difficult.
Seed propagation of a flower is rarely used, as the varietal clematis does not set seeds well. In addition, maternal characteristics are not saved. Those who wish to try, it is better to start work at the end of winter so that the seeds are stratified naturally.
The method of separation for the cultivation of clematis used for a long time. It is especially popular because it does not require effort. Better to do this fall.
How to propagate clematis with green cuttings
For grafting choose a plant no older than 4 years. At the end of spring, they get down to work.
Preparation of planting material
Rooting shoots are harvested from lateral annual branches that appeared after shearing. Apical cuttings do not root.
Shoots are cut into pieces, each must have several buds. The lower cut of the twigs are made directly under the bud. Remove a third of the leaves at the bottom of the shoot, the rest is shortened by a third.
Important! Until rooting, the cuttings are stored in water in a dark place.
Planting technology of green cuttings
For rooting use loose peat-sandy soil, which is filled with a box. Shoots deepened by 2.5 - 3 cm. Plentifully watered. The distance between the cuttings is observed at the level of 5 cm.
Important! On rooting takes up to two months. All this time, the plant is regularly sprayed.
When and how to multiply clematis with lignified cuttings
Cut cuttings in the fall, stored in a dark cool place until spring. If this is not possible, then the shoots are immediately planted in individual containers.
Preparing shoots for planting
The twigs are cut from the middle part of the bush, no longer than 10 cm. They are prepared as described above. But in the case of lignified cuttings, they must be kept in a growth stimulator solution for about a day.
Rooting shoots better in peat pots to properly develop the root system. They are buried in the soil under an inclination so that one kidney is covered with earth.
The cups contain in a room where the temperature is within 25 ° C. Every day, the cuttings are sprayed from a spray bottle to maintain the necessary humidity. You can install a mini-greenhouse, only it needs to be aired regularly.
Important! Rooting takes from one to one and a half months. Young plants obtained after autumn cutting are stored in the basement all winter.
Is it possible to multiply clematis by layering
Rooted varieties of clematis can be layering. With this method of reproduction, all varietal characteristics of the flower are fully preserved. The rooting process is long, but uncomplicated.
1. In the fall, select several annual shoots that are located closer to the ground. Leaves are removed from the bottom.
2. Prepare a landing groove with a depth of 10 cm. Shoots are gently tilted to the ground and laid into the groove. Fall asleep fertile soil.
3. In several places carefully pinned landing to the ground.
If the weather is dry, the outlets are watered regularly. In the spring, on branches, one can notice the growth of new shoots from axillary buds. Young plants throughout the season are regularly watered and fed. Only a year later, in early spring, they are disconnected from the parent bush and transferred to a permanent place.
Reference! Abundant bloom of young clematis will begin three years after transplantation.
Clematis seed reproduction
Non-varietal clematis can be propagated by seed, most often they are self-seeding self-seeding. This is a wild plant with small flowers.
Seeds are sown directly in open ground in spring, preferably in April. But before that, they are stratified - soaked for several days and refrigerated for 2 months.
You can do otherwise:
1. In autumn, clematis seeds are sown in a flower bed. It is unnecessary to close them up, they will independently be drawn into the soil to the required depth.
2. In spring, amicable shoots appear on this place. Seeds naturally stratify, no additional action is required.
When the seedlings grow, the plants are planted in a permanent place. Choose only the strongest seedlings, which in the future will give an abundance of flowers.
It is not necessary to allow self-seeding clematis, otherwise it will soon fill the entire flowerbed. After flowering seed boxes better to remove.
Important! Varietal clematis cannot be multiplied in this way. They will not pass the new generation of varietal qualities. As a result, you will grow wild species.
Размножаем взрослый клематис: деление куста
Делением куста можно размножать молодые и старые кусты клематиса. Но для каждого растения свои особенности разведения.
Молодые клематисы в возрасте до 5 лет полностью выкапывают из земли. Roots shake off excess soil and are divided into several parts with a sharp knife. Each delenka should have two escapes. After that, the bushes are planted in a permanent place.
Adult clematis form large roots, so they do not need to dig, otherwise the plant may die. We need to act like this:
1. Dig a deep hole on one side of the bush.
2. Rinse the roots with a stream of water so that you can see where to divide the plant.
3. Chop off with a shovel part of the rhizome and pull it out. Pit fill the fertile soil.
4. The resulting rhizome divided into several parts, so that each had several buds.
5. To plant delenki in the garden.
The procedure is best carried out in early spring, while the shoots are not set to grow. Over the summer, such clematis will take root well in a new place and successfully winters.
When is it best to reproduce clematis?
Most gardeners agree that reproduction of clematis by cuttings is the best way. Indeed, it is a priority when breeding many perennial flowers. This method allows you to save during reproduction all varietal characteristics of plants. In addition, the biological material for planting can be harvested not only in spring, but also in summer and autumn, when clematis can be propagated with green cuttings.
How to multiply clematis at home
In addition to grafting, clematis can be propagated in the following ways:
- Layering. The procedure is carried out in early spring.
- Seeds. Planting is made in late spring in open ground and in April - under the film. Seeds of wild clematis can be planted in the fall.
- The division of the bush. The best time for this is autumn, however, clematis bushes can be propagated by dividing in the spring, before the beginning of the growing season.
How to multiply clematis cuttings
If you properly prepare the cuttings and meet all the conditions of planting, the survival rate of clematis will be maintained at a very high level. At the same time for breeding as a donor should choose a bush no older than 5 years. It must be healthy, well developed. In order to properly produce grafting, you will need:
- a cutting board or just a piece of plywood.
In addition, you will need a special container for planting cuttings filled with nutritious soil, as well as a root growth stimulator, for example, Kornevin or Kornerost.
Reproduction of clematis cuttings in the spring
In spring, clematis bushes with a minimum age of 2 years can be used for grafting. As a material for cuttings, you can use long elastic vines. The average length of one cut branch is usually 0.8-1m.
Reproduction of clematis cuttings in the summer
Clematis clematisation in the summer is usually carried out in the last decade of June or early July. Many flower growers consider this period a good breeding time. Procurement and cutting of clematis cuttings during this period does not differ from spring works. In the summer they are allowed to land in open ground, but it must be borne in mind that rooting takes place better in partial shade. Therefore, the cuttings must be pritenit.
How to multiply clematis by layering
Reproduction of clematis by layering is a fairly simple method. For this, in early spring you need to choose a good flexible shoot, lay it on a specially prepared groove and fix it on the ground. From each internode will begin to develop a separate bush of clematis. After he grows up to 10-15 cm, the maternal escape can be covered with earth. During the summer, the bushes need to be watered regularly, and in the fall mumble.
Separating them from the mother plant is necessary in the spring, after they winter together. The maternal shoot needs to be carefully cut with a shovel, digging out young clematis bushes one by one and planting them in a new place.
How to propagate clematis seeds
Most clematis varieties returned in the central part of Russia are hybrid. Therefore, the most preferred method of reproduction for them is vegetative. However, clematis can be propagated by seed. This method is often used for the reproduction of wild-growing, small-flowered plants. Different varieties have different seed sizes, and their ripening period is different. For example, seeds of small seed species can be harvested after 1.52 months after flowering, large seeds - after 2.5-4.
Reproduction of clematis with seeds at home will not be difficult. Planting is carried out in open ground at a depth of 1 cm in late April or early May. Before planting seeds, it is desirable to soak in water for three days. The term of germination can be from 2.5 to 6 weeks depending on the species.
If the seeds are subjected to stratification, they can be planted in April, not in the greenhouse, but immediately to a permanent place of cultivation, without shelter. For quenching, seeds after soaking are covered with wet sand and stored in a refrigerator. Many growers plant seeds in the autumn, as close as possible to the natural growth cycle. In this case, the stratification proceeds naturally.
How to multiply clematis by dividing the bush
Like most perennial shrubs, clematis can be propagated by dividing the maternal shrub into parts. Moreover, this procedure is useful for this flower, because over time its root system increases significantly in size. There is literally no land between the roots, and the bush begins to lack nutrients and moisture. At the same time the flowers become smaller, and the plant itself acquires a wild, unkempt form.
It is preferable to divide clematis, not under the age of seven years. This is both a method of reproduction and a procedure for rejuvenating the bush. You can carry out the division of the bushes in the spring, before the plants entered the growing season, as well as in the fall, which is more correct.
Before you divide the bush, all shoots are cut, leaving only small hemp, which should be two or three pairs of buds. The plant is completely dug up, while the ground on the roots can not shake off. The division is made with a sharp knife through the center of the bush. On each of the delenok there should be enough roots, as well as 1-2 buds of renewal. After that, the separated parts of the plant are planted in the landing pits, with the first node should be 10-12 cm below the soil level.
Clematis bush can be divided without digging it out completely. To do this, from the side of the mother bush dig a spacious hole, so that the roots are exposed. After that, clematis is divided with a knife in such a way that on each division there are shoots with a developed root system.
How to root clematis from cuttings
The easiest way to use for cutting cuttings is a sharp knife and a cutting board. This procedure is performed as follows:
- The escape fits on the board.
- A sharp knife makes cuts 1 cm above and 5 cm below the internode.
- Of the two leaves growing from the internode, you must leave one, the second can be cut off.
In this way you can get several cuttings from a single shoot.
Rooting of clematis cuttings in water
Root clematis can root in ordinary water. To do this, it is placed in a container with water so that only the lower parts are immersed. To reduce moisture evaporation, the sheet plate is cut in half. It is very important that the water level is always on the same value, this should be monitored and regularly refilled. In one bank can be several cuttings at the same time.
Light in the room in which there are banks with cuttings, must be extinguished. In 1.5-2 months, the length of the roots will reach 4-5 cm. After this, the cuttings need to be transplanted into the soil, containers or a greenhouse. It is categorically not recommended to keep them further in the water, as this may lead to their death.
Rooting in the ground
For planting cuttings it is better to use special containers that can be closed from above with a transparent material. They are filled with soil mixture or nutrient soil purchased in the store.
For disinfection, the soil can be scalded with hot water or sprayed with potassium permanganate solution diluted to a dark pink color.
Harvested cuttings are treated with a root growth stimulator, keeping cuttings in it for 10-12 hours, and then they are planted in the soil to a depth of about 0.5 cm. The interval between adjacent cuttings should be at least 5 cm. then the container is closed with a plastic bag or film.
The necessary conditions for normal survival of clematis are the following:
- Air temperature + 18-20 ° C.
- Humidity 90%.
- Soil moisture 30%.
Excessive humidity, like elevated temperature, can lead to the death of cuttings.
For good rooting cuttings need appropriate conditions. They need to be watered regularly, and the ambient air temperature must be within + 20-22 ° C. Containers with cuttings must be regularly ventilated; for this, plastic wrap is temporarily removed.
After 1-2 months, the cuttings will have their own root system. At this time, they are seated in separate containers and placed on growing. In the fall, young clematis are cleaned in a cellar, and in spring they are planted in a permanent place.
How to multiply clematis, which way to use - this decision should be made by the grower on the basis of his knowledge and experience. Many consider this perennial to be a rather capricious plant requiring increased care, but this is not so. Even a beginner grower can remove clematis from cuttings at home, since the existing breeding methods listed in this article are simple and accessible.
When better to clematis clematisThe timing of clematis grafting depends on the condition of the shoots. Best of all for this method of reproduction fit the cuttings of a plant that has not yet begun to bloom, respectively, has retained all the internal forces. This happens in the springtime. It is possible to carry out the autumn grafting of clematis, however, the viability of the cuttings in this case will be lower.
Reproduction of clematis in the spring
Many gardeners consider that for clematis it is better to conduct grafting in the spring when the plant enters a phase of active growth. Therefore, young cuttings will soon be able to take root and develop into an independent plant. This method is the easiest and fastest, besides, the most reliable. With a single bush, you can get a large number of cuttings, and hence future clematis. These flowering vines in different parts of your garden will certainly please the eye.
Clematis reproduction in autumn
In the autumn period, clematis bushes are pruned. This is an indispensable condition for the care of these plants, improves their growth and development, a positive effect on the spring awakening of the kidneys. This part of clematis care causes cutting in the fall: cuttings are harvested from trimmed shoots. For plants this method is the most optimal.
Reproduction of clematis with green cuttings (spring)
It is necessary to study the basic requirements for harvesting cuttings, soil and subsequent care to know how to properly clematis. For reproduction of clematis with green cuttings choose plants that are already 3 or 4 years old. During the formation of buds in grown plants (the end of spring - the beginning of summer) proceed to grafting.
How to prepare and process cuttings
Mainly used side shoots that grew after pruning clematis. From the top of the shoots do not need to take, they germinate much worse. It is necessary to cut the cuttings from the middle part of the shoot, where there are no buds, making sure that there are 1-2 knots on each. The lower cut of the stalk should be made at an angle of 45 ° C, and the upper cut should be flat, 2 cm higher than the knot. The leaves should be cut in half to reduce evaporation. Green cuttings must be left rooting in a dark place in water until rooting.
Peat-sand mixture is best suited for rooting clematis cuttings in the soil. The moisture content of the substrate should be maintained at a level of 20-30%. To avoid overmoistening, and to maintain a stable temperature level, the substrate can be laid in two layers:
- The top layer is sand without impurities (about 6-8 cm).
- The bottom layer - soil mixture from sand and peat or the same mixture, but with the addition of humus (equal parts).
Also suitable for clematis cuttings is a soil mixture of coarse-grained river sand and crushed sphagnum moss. This mixture is well breathable and retains moisture. Any soil you choose before using for the purpose of disinfection is better to shed with a solution of potassium permanganate (for 10 liters of water 3-5 g).
How to plant and care for clematis cuttingsAfter harvesting cuttings it is important to understand how to plant clematis cuttings. It is necessary to plant so that the knot of the stalk to 1 cm was deepened into the soil. In the future, the roots will begin to grow from this node. Substrate around need to condense and pour. The distance between the cuttings should be about 5 cm, however, if you want the cutting to quickly develop into a full-fledged plant, it is better to plant them separately from each other. Cuttings need to be sprayed up to 5 times a day, as for the best development in the room with future clematis the humidity should be about 90%. Airing is also necessary, while the optimum air temperature is 18-20 ° C.
Rooting and further growth occurs in 1.5-2 months.
Autumnal reproduction of clematis with lignified cuttings
Breeding of clematis by lignified cuttings is performed in the same way as green ones. The only difference is that the cuttings rooted in greenhouses due to the imminent onset of cold weather. However, in the autumn grafting of clematis, subsequent rooting is more difficult, as the plant prepares for rest, its growth and development is inhibited. Therefore, the prepared cuttings remain until spring.
Procurement and processing of cuttingsClematis lignified cuttings during pruning should have 1-2 knots and leaves on each side. Usually take the middle part of the shoot, cutting it into cuttings about 10 cm long. The bottom edge to the node should be 2-3 cm long, the top edge above the node should be 1-2 cm. Cut the cutting should be tilted, it is better to reduce the leaves by half. For better development, cuttings are treated with growth stimulants, which are sold in specialized stores (Heteroauxin or Cornevin), using them according to the instructions.
What soil is needed for rooting cuttings
In order for the clematis roots to penetrate the air, as well as maintain the necessary moisture for the correct development of the root system, you need to choose the following mixture:
- peat or humus - 1 part,
- sand - 2 parts.
Planting and care of the handle
Each clematis stalk can be planted in a separate small container, which must be filled with prepared soil and watered. Cuttings deepen into the ground with a long end, cut at an angle. In this case, the node must be covered by half the ground. Next, these containers should be placed in a warm room, where the temperature should be maintained around 25 ° C, or cover with a film. To ensure the required level of humidity, cuttings are sprayed twice a day. Rooting will occur in 1-1.5 months.
How to root a stalk in waterRooting of clematis cuttings in water can be made using a tank with a wide neck. The water level should be such that only the ends of the cuttings are in the water. This level needs to be maintained all the time while the roots are germinated. Leaves must be cut half. Light should not come to the cuttings, so you should wrap the container with paper. The roots grow in 1.5-2 months at room temperature. When their length reaches 4-5 cm, it is necessary to transplant the cuttings into the greenhouse in order to grow them. If you keep the cuttings in water longer, the roots will grow too long, which will lead to their entanglement, and the buds of the cuttings will dry out.