Iberis (iberis) perennial or wallman - a plant that is well known to lovers of arrangement of picturesque alpine hills.
This is interesting ground cover plant cruciferous family is not at all like its closest relatives - cabbage and radish.
First of all, iberis is inedibleand secondly, it has a beautiful appearance that allows you to grow it to decorate the garden, and a very pleasant aroma.
Give the wallman a little of his time - and the unsightly, bare ground of your garden will turn into a flowering carpet.
The most popular variety for flower growers, there remains a stennik with white flowers, although today there are enough varieties with lilac, purple and even red buds.
Iberis bloom period - About one and a half months at the height of summer. All this time, over your site will hang its persistent rich aroma.
Perhaps, outwardly this plant may seem insufficiently effective to someone, but there is simply no indifferent to its amazing smell!
Iberis comes from Asia Minor and Southern Europe. It is a small (up to 30 cm) shrub plant with oblong evergreen leaves up to 7 cm long, shiny, entire, dark green.
The flowers are small (up to 1.5 cm), white, collected in umbrella inflorescences up to 5 cm, with a strong odor. It blooms in June for 20-25 days, very abundantly, completely covering the green leaves with flowers. Therefore, from a distance blooming iberis reminds snow-white clouds.
The rest of the year has a beautiful decorative look. It bears fruit.
Types of Iberis
There are about 40 known varieties of this plant. In the conditions of our climate, several of them have taken root well:
evergreen iberis (i.sempervirentes) - low shrub with narrow leaves and long white inflorescences, blooming in the second year after sowing,
iberis rock (i. saxatilis) - a miniature plant with creeping leaves up to 10 cm high, with flowers appearing in late spring - early summer on an umbrella inflorescence,
Iberis Gibraltsky (i.hiblartarica) - the so-called “juvenile” (often does not tolerate the second winter): it blooms with purple inflorescences, which turn pale by the end of summer.
Iberis is a beautiful plant in all respects, because it belongs to the category "Planted and forgotten". In addition to thinning crops after germination and occasional removal of dried flowers, this modest plant does not need any other care: by and large, it does not need shelter for the winter, nor need additional feedings or frequent watering.
Feels great on loamy, stony and sandy soils with good breathability and lighting. It is desirable that the soil was not sour or wet.
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Sowing and planting in open ground
Most varieties of iberis are sown directly in open ground in the month of April. First shoots appear already on day 6-7. After that make thinning, forming individual bushes, separated from each other at a distance of 12-15 cm.
If in the fall, during the ripening of seeds on the vine, the weather remains favorable, the plant gives self-sowing.
To prolong flowering, you can sow the seeds with a pause of 1-2 weeks, achieving a constant flowering of Iberis until the autumn. You can sow it in late autumn, then the sprouts will grow earlier, flowering will be even more abundant.
Can grow seedlings Iberis in boxes, and then in May, plant it in open ground. But there is another way of reproduction: cutting.
After flowering, small shoots are cut from the bush and rooted under glass in greenhouses. For better development use phytohormone solutions. But with this method, planting seedlings in open ground is possible only for the next season.
Since the flowers of iberis pollinated by bees and bumblebees, then when growing different varieties observe spatial isolation, planting them at a sufficient distance from each other.
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Root system - the most vulnerable part of the Iberis. It is the roots of the plant that are often affected. mushroom plasmodiophorabrassicae, or, as they call this attack in the people - cruciferous kilo.
This parasitic fungus causes root deformation and, as a result, weakening or complete cessation of the growth of iberis. Another pest fungus is rhizoctonius (pelliculariafilamentosa) It can also bring a lot of trouble, cause wilting and death.
Prevention of these diseases is to disinfect the soil, and treatment - to timely remove diseased plants to prevent further spread of infection.
Of the insects, the main enemies of the Iberis are:
Their attack on the bushes is fraught yellowing and leaf fall, weak flowering, general inhibition of plants. In the first case, the treatment is carried out with anti-coccides, in the second - with a solution of wood ash and soap.
Unpretentious and cute, he will make a variety of colors in your garden, add to it its unique paint, charm and unforgettable aroma.
Planting iberis seedlingsWhen the weather is warm, you can plant iberis on seedlings. As a rule, this is the period from March to May. When sowing Iberis use loose soil, the seeds are placed at a depth of 1 mm, sprinkled with sieved sand on top. Capacity with crops needs to be put in the warm, light place and cover with glass to keep the necessary amount of moisture.
Sowing seeds in open ground
When the last spring frosts recede, you can sow iberis in open ground. The best place for it will be a sunny piece of land with rocky, sandy soil. This will save soil moisture from stagnation and root rot. Seeds should be placed shallowly.The first shoots can be seen in 10-15 days. They must be thinned out so that the distance between the plants is at least 12-15 cm. Alternatively, you can plant iberis in open ground and before winter, in late autumn. The technology of sowing is the same as in the spring works. Shoots should be expected in late April - early May.
Partners and use in landscape design
Iberis is used both as a monoculture for decorating lawns and borders, and in combination with other plants in ridges, rock gardens, mixborders. Neighborhood with other colors he tolerates well. It grows well between stones. Best of all, iberis is combined with alisium, phlox, obrietta and other perennials.
Tulips, all types of juniper, cypress will become ideal neighbors for a flower in the spring. Also traditionally planted next to calendula, petunia, pansies.
Plant Care Tips
Flower care is not complicated at all. It is to give it a neat, compact form. For this pruned to a third of the length of the stems after flowering. Also carry out the removal of wilted flowers of Iberis. Perennial iberis should be planted every 5 years. This will ensure the preservation of the decorative functions of the plant.
Iberis fertilizer can be avoided, but if you feed a plant with complex mineral fertilizers once or twice a season, it will thank you for caring for a particularly lush flowering.
When to harvest and how to store iberis seedsHarvesting iberis seeds will not be difficult for a grower. They are formed on the site of flowers. Since this happens all the time, it makes no sense to wait for the fall to procure seeds. It is better to collect them as education. Collected pods need a little dry in a warm place, get the seeds from them.
Seed material must be stored in a dry, cool place. Some gardeners prefer to breed Iberis self-seeding. In this case, the spring should be carefully thinned shoots.
How to deal with pests and diseases
Iberis has a strong immunity to diseases, but due to the nature of the root system is susceptible to fungal infections. Symptoms of cruciferous keels in Iberis are the formation of growths on the roots, which look like a tumor. This causes the plant to stop growing. Because of the disease, the leaves gradually turn yellow and fade.
With rhizoctoniosis, gray spots with black dots appear on the leaves. Begin to wither stalks. To prevent these diseases, Iberis before planting is recommended to treat the site with a fungicide. If rot on the roots has already started, you should immediately remove the diseased plant. Of the pests most often iberis bother earthen flea, cabbage aphid and mealybugs.Earthen flea eats greens, leaving large holes on the sheets. In the fight against insects used a decoction of tansy and insecticides, although the easiest and most effective way is to moisten the soil under the bushes. Cabbage aphid drinks juice from the plant, it gradually dies. To diagnose infection with this parasite can be on white spots, which gradually turn brown, and the sheets are folded. Destroy the insect by treating iberis with a solution of liquid potassium soap. 300-400 g of substance dissolved in 10 l of water.
If necessary, the procedure will be repeated after 7 days. You can also use tobacco broth and anabizin sulfate. Mealybug eats sap of the plant. It leaves a white matter on Iberis that resembles cotton. They struggle with the scarlet by repeatedly spraying "Mospilan", "Fitoverm", "Aktar". Treatment of iberis from the pest is carried out with an interval of 7-10 days. Apply and tobacco, garlic tinctures. Before the procedure, you should carefully remove the sticky plaque.
In general, iberis is unpretentious in care, and it can be grown almost everywhere. It will be a great decoration of the garden. It should only be remembered that the most detrimental to the flower will be excessive moisture.
A native of Spain, iberis is a semi-shrub plant with lush thickets. Branched shoots can grow in height (up to 30 cm), and travel along the ground. The bush has oblong dark green leaves and inflorescences baskets containing about 40 buds.
Iberis blooms profusely and is accompanied by a strong aroma. The first flowers open in May or in August, flowering lasts two months. Due to the numerous inflorescences of the flower, the leaf mass is not visible, and the plant itself is often compared to clouds. Bud color can be of different shades, but white, pink, lilac, and purple petals are most common. On the photo flowerbed of iberis flowers in full glory.
Iberis is a good honey plant. After flowering, it appears small pods with a large number of small seeds inside.
Growing and planting iberis
Plant breeding can be done in three ways.
Iberis seeds are sown directly in open ground after cessation of frost to a depth of 10 mm. The first shoots appear after 2 weeks. Thick shoots must be thinned, leaving 15 cm between shoots.
In order for the plant to bloom all summer, you need to know when to plant iberis. Cultivation from seeds of different varieties can be carried out in two stages with an interval of 3 weeks.
This method is used to obtain seedlings by early May. Iberis seeds are planted in a container with loose soil in late March. They are scattered on the surface and sprinkled with river sand. To obtain greenhouse conditions, the container is covered with glass, placed in a bright and warm place. Watering the seeds is done as needed with a sprayer. The first shoots appear after 10 days.
For iberis, transplanting is detrimental, so the seedlings must be planted on a flower bed with the utmost care and with a clod of earth. The hole for planting must be deep so that the root part of the germ fits freely in it.
This method is conducted in the fall. Cuttings are cut into fragments 12 cm long and planted in pots of soil. Greenhouse conditions are created for future seedlings. Planting iberis in open ground and care will be done in the spring of next year.
Planted plant is necessary in loamy or rocky soil, which will not allow stagnate moisture. For planting should choose a site that is well lit by the sun.
All varieties of Iberis unpretentious and do not require special care. But still adhere to some rules worth:
- it is necessary to water a plant moderately and only in arid weather,
- feeding iberis is allowed twice during the whole summer with mineral fertilizers: the first time at the moment of sprout appearance, the second - during the budding period,
- after flowering, wilted flowers and buds should be removed, and the stalks should be cut one third of the length as the bush grows,
- the space around the flower should be regularly cleaned of weeds, then the flowerbed with iberis in the photo will be well-groomed and beautiful.
Iberis is prone to self-sowing, so young shoots will appear near the bushes after flowering. It must be removed or can be used as seedlings.
In addition to annual plants, there are perennial iberis varieties. Grown from seeds, in the first summer it is limited to modest inflorescences. Full color and rich aroma gives the plant only in the second year. Iberis perennial varieties are frost-resistant and adapt well to the conditions of mountainous terrain. But the resistance to the cold of each particular grade is better to learn from the instructions.
So that all the summer in the flowerbed and in the photo Iberis perennial had a well-groomed appearance, the flower should be cut off faded stems. When the plant reaches the age of five, the iberis bushes need to be seated, otherwise the inflorescences will become small and the plant will lose its decorative appearance.
The peculiarity of frost-resistant Iberis varieties is branched stems. Creeping along the ground and intertwining with each other, they create an air “cushion”. Keeping warm and not drying the ground, it guarantees a good winter when there is no snow. But for greater safety, it is better to cover the shrubs for the winter with coniferous spruce branches, and sprinkle leaves on the surface of the ground. Planting and care for iberis perennial photo is the same as an annual plant.
Iberis at first glance seems like a typical southern culture that just loves the hottest and sunniest locations. Indeed, this perennial blooms remarkably and does not cause much trouble for the garden owners even when landing on hot areas, but its sun-lovingness is a relative concept. Iberis can please the eye both in the most sunny places and in light shading with equally spectacular profusion of flowers, and they are not afraid of partial shade and are not at all demanding for lighting.
Selection of soil for iberis
It is not at all difficult to choose a suitable soil for planting iberis. Best of all, this culture grows and develops in loams. The lighter and looser the soil, the better. Iberis does not tolerate only dense and excessively dry soils, it perfectly adapts to the rest. Iberis is not at all demanding of soil fertility: it blooms well and grows actively even on the poorest soil in the rock garden.
Iberis. © bel-r
Rejuvenation and transplant
Iberis - a plant very durable. Provided that you do not forget to prune the bushes after flowering and provided them with at least one additional dressing a year, iberis in one place will retain its decorative effect for more than 5 years, and sometimes decades. But since it grows quickly, actively expands, it can interfere with the neighboring plants. If signs of plant degeneration, loss of flowering abundance, or excessive growth of iberis, should be divided and transferred to a new place. Traditionally, rejuvenation is carried out every 5-6 years.
This perennial allows you to get a large number of new seedlings without much effort. It is easy to separate new shrubs from the plant by the method of separation, and it is possible to root the cuttings or use the seed method.
Iberis seeds are sown on seedlings or in open soil. The first option allows you to get lush flowering plants in a shorter time.
Sowing seeds in individual pots or boxes are carried out in March-April in any garden soil, only slightly covering the seeds with sifted soil. They quickly germinate at a temperature of 18 to 22 degrees. Shoots of iberis should be thinned after the appearance of a few leaves. Usually there is no need to dive. In open soil, seedlings are transferred as early as May or at the end of May – beginning of June, planting at a distance of 15–20 cm between seedlings.
Iberis is prone to self-seeding. If you did not remove the inflorescences and did not prune, a large number of young shoots will form near the bushes, which can be used as seedlings.
In open ground, iberis seeds are sown in April or before winter. Shoots appear after a week.
Для черенкования у ибериса можно использовать только побеги, которые растения выпустят после обрезки летом. Верхушки молодых ветвей длиной около 7 см легко укореняются в горшках или тепличках под колпаком при условии удаления нижних листьев и обработки стимулятором роста.
Iberis ever flowering. © Jurgen Mangelsdorf
The separation of the bushes in Iberis can be carried out in autumn and spring, although the early autumn division always gives the best results. It has less impact on flowering plants, in particular, does not affect its typical timing.
Diseases and pests
Iberis almost never gets sick. Even in the case of a neighborhood with affected plants, the Iberis themselves are invulnerable neither to powdery mildew, nor to other infections typical of flower beds. But pests annoy this culture very often. Earthen flea and aphid adore iberis even under adverse conditions, in neglected plantings, in the absence of pruning, they multiply surprisingly quickly. It is better to fight insects on iberis with combined methods, applying spraying and adjusting the care so that iberis is in perfect condition.
Varieties and types
One-year Iberis there are two types:
Iberis bitter grows up to 30 centimeters, has well branched, pubescent shoots. Foliage is next, serrated, back lanceolate. Flowers are white, small, gathered in a brush.
Iberis umbrella branches of this species also branch well, but, unlike congeners, are not pubescent. Stem reaches 40 cm. Lanceolate foliage, regular. The color of the flowers ranges from white to lilac.
Long-term iberian honeycomb more:
Iberis evergreen it is a shrub that grows up to 40 cm. The foliage is oblong, reaching 7 cm. Small flowers are collected in umbrellas.
Iberis of Gibraltar lush bush, growing up to 25 cm in height. The original appearance has pink flowers, but varieties may have different colors.
Iberis Crimean a low perennial plant, growing to 10 cm. The foliage is gray-green, scapula, flowers of lilac color, while they are in buds, and then turn white.
Iberis rocky low bushy plant up to 15 cm, forming thickets. Small flowers of this species are so abundant that during flowering the impression is formed that there is snow on the bush.
Iberis outdoor planting and care
Planted iberis in the soil begin in late spring, when it will be clear that the frost will not return. To do this, select a well-lit area with loam or rocky soil.
Young plants have a very fragile rhizome, so seedlings should be planted in the soil very carefully. Individuals are placed approximately 15 cm one from one. If you have several types of a flower, then do not plant everything on one site, as there will be a pollination.
Watering and feeding iberis
Growing iberis is a snap. Watering it is necessary only if there is heat in the street. In general, it would be nice if you feed the plants with complex fertilizers a couple of times over the summer, but this is not mandatory.
Care for iberia is reduced to pruning of the stems after flowering and removal of dull flowers. Also, upon reaching the age of five, perennial species bushes should be planted by dividing.
Although Iberis can withstand cold well, it is still better to cover it with winter spruce branches before winter.
Iberis seed growing
After flowering, you can collect seeds. Since flowering takes place all summer, the seeds can be collected immediately after ripening. Pods need to be dried and kept in a warm room. Also iberis reproduces itself well by self-sowing, therefore in spring it will be necessary to break through strong shoots.
Iberis can be propagated vegetatively or with the help of seeds, but the seeds are most often used, since this method is easiest. Sunflower seeds are sown at a shallow depth in the middle of spring, and this is where all the worries end with this type of reproduction.
In order to get seedlings, the seeds in March are laid on loose soil to a depth of 1 mm and sprinkled with river sand on top. Sown kept in a warm, well-lit place. It is necessary to water material only from a spray when the soil dries. Because of the tender roots of the plant, the seedlings do not dive.
Diseases and pests
Most of the inconvenience Iberian deliver Schertz and aphids, as well as earthen flea. To get rid of the latter, you just need to moisten the soil around the plants. Aphids are fought with a potassium soap solution. If your plants are affected by worms, then use aktar.
Due to weak roots, iberis is easily affected by fungi. To prevent this, the plant should be treated with a fungicide before planting. If the fungus does appear, then immediately after detection destroy the diseased plant and disinfect the soil.
Iberis: Varieties and Varieties
In nature, there are frost-resistant and thermophilic perennial Iberis, creeping and erect. They are semi-shrubs up to 50 cm in height, have small flowers, collected in umbrella inflorescences and lanceolate leaves. The most common white, purple, lilac, purple and pink color.
Among the huge number of all kinds of these perennial plants select the most popular.
- Rocky. It is an evergreen species that creates round clumps. It looks great during flowering, because it seems that white fluffy snow fell on lush green grass.
It is difficult to find an ornamental plant that is more unpretentious in cultivation than iberis. Planting and caring for him will not take you much time, effort, and will not require special skills. An important point of care is the implementation of regular moderate watering of the plant.
After the end of the flowering period, perennial Iberis are cut to one-third, forming a well-groomed compact appearance. Still need to remove wilted flowers in time. If your Iberis has reached the age of five years, it should be seated so that the flowers do not become shallow and do not lose their unique decoration.
Fertilizer and fertilizing iberis
Due to its simplicity, iberian does not require a large number of frequent feedings. A solution of complex mineral fertilizer will be enough to make twice per season. The first time it is made immediately after the appearance of the first leaves, and the second - at the beginning of the flowering period. Such procedures will provide iberis simply fantastic bloom.
Cultivation of iberian can be carried out by vegetative or seed method. The latter is most popular among florists.
Plant reproduction seeds involves sowing in open ground in mid-spring. To extend the flowering period, you can plant seeds in two stages. Shoots with this method of reproduction will appear in just 10-14 days. They must be thinned out, leaving a distance of about 15 cm between them. Sometimes seeding is carried out closer to the winter season.
For breeding seedlings it is required to sow seeds in the friable, soft soil (depth is 1 mm). Top them sprinkled with a ball of river sand and cover with glass. The container with seedlings should be in a warm, well-lit place. Dive seedlings can not, and watering is allowed only from the watering can. Already grown strong and grown shoots are planted in open ground in May.
Iberis in landscape design
Iberis perceive the neighborhood with other plants very well, moreover, such combinations help to realize the most extraordinary ideas in landscape design.
They give a great combination with styloid phlox, obrietami, rocky alissums. In addition, wonderful exotic compositions are born in combination of iberis with botanical tulips, blunt cypress and scaly juniper. Use your imagination, then you will succeed.
In landscape design, this amazing, stylish ornamental plant is used for decoration of spectacular rabatok, alpine hills, lawns. They are a charming decoration for curb plantings. Timely cutting of shrubs will provide such plantings excellent appearance.
Proper and timely care for Iberis will bring you amazing results.
The most famous varieties and types of Iberis (photo)
In nature, there are more than 40 species of this ornamental plant, but the following varieties are most in demand in floriculture:
Ground-cover plant up to 15 cm high. Forms very dense curtains, shoots branch well.
Annual shrub up to 20 cm. Its stems are covered with fuzz, shoots branch up. It blooms from May with fragrant white flowers.
Annual flowering plant up to 30 cm high. Shoots bare, well branched. Flowering begins early, varied colors of flowers are collected in dense umbrella inflorescences. The most popular varieties with hyacinto-flowered umbrellas.
The plant belongs to perennial species, grows in the form of a compact bush, whose height reaches 50 cm. The most decorative look varieties with purple inflorescences.
Iberis is motley
Aromatic annual with motley leaves. During the flowering period is covered with white flowers.
A perennial plant that blooms profusely in summer. There are varieties with repeated autumn blooms. Beautiful white flowers gathered in an umbrella.
Iberis ever flowering
The variety has large white flowers. Suitable for growing in pots. Shrub reaches a height of 50 cm.
Planting iberis in the garden
This plant is distinguished by its simplicity and simplicity, belongs to the colors of the category of "planted and forgotten." Growing iberis does not cause even a novice in floriculture.
Iberis prefers stony or sandy soil. Even the most unsightly corner of the garden is suitable for growing this shrub. The only condition when choosing a flower location is the presence of sunlight and not too wet soil.
Iberis is planted in the spring, as soon as the weather is warm, in different regions in different ways. The optimal period for planting a plant is the period from March to May. Young sazheny should get stronger after planting, in the cold nights cover shrub.
It is better to process the soil before planting for fungal diseases; you can simply shed it with a solution of potassium permanganate. Iberian loves freedom, so the distance between plants should be sufficient for proper growth and nutrition. As a rule, an interval of 20 cm is observed. After planting, young plants are watered, repeated watering is carried out only when the flower takes root in a new place.
Growing iberis by sowing in open ground
Sowing of seeds in open ground is carried out as soon as the earth warms up, in April - May. The soil is previously digged and compacted. In the prepared furrows sow the seeds to a depth of 1 cm. The first shoots can be seen only after two weeks. Flowering in such a plant occurs in 1.5-2 months after planting.
Experienced gardeners plant Iberis in open ground in late autumn. This should be done right in front of the frost, so that the seeds do not have time to start growing. The flowering period in such shrubs begins early, as a rule, in April.
Important!Sowing seeds in late autumn can get hardened, strong plants, as well as protect the flower from the cruciferous flea.
Very often you can get good plants from self seeding. When the seeds ripen, they peel off and germinate in the spring.
Growing iberis seedlings
For seedlings, iberis seeds are sown at home. The best time for planting is the end of winter or early spring, then in May the seedlings can be transferred to the garden.
Tip!Iberis refers to fragile plants that do not like transplanting, so they are planted in the garden by the method of transshipment, or together with a container, which is cut off the bottom. Can be used for growing seedlings peat pots.
In the prepared containers seeds are sown, the first shoots appear after 14 days. On cloudy days, seedlings need highlight. When caring for seedlings, you need to monitor the soil moisture, avoid excessive accumulation of moisture. Watering seedlings should be carried out as needed.
Problems in growing iberis (photo)
The most common problem in the cultivation of Iberis are fungal diseases, or rather, root rot. The fact is that the root system of the plant is very vulnerable and sensitive to moisture.
As a rule, the treatment of annual varieties is reduced to the removal of damaged parts and disinfection of the soil. Perennial species are treated with special drugs.
In addition to possible fungal diseases, there is a risk of pests:
At defeat by wreckers leaves of a bush turn yellow and fall down, blossoming becomes poor, decorative effect is lost. In the fight against parasites use chemicals and folk remedies. You can spray iberis with soap-and-soap solution. Treatments are carried out several times.