Thanks to the skillful manipulation of breeders, we have the opportunity, both to grow ourselves and have on our table a huge number of all kinds of fruits, vegetables and berries. It is also pleasant that the selection work never stops, the specialists of this field tend to create more advanced species.
This article is aimed at acquaintance with one of the varieties of gooseberry, which has already managed to gain popularity, namely, the variety Beryl. In the article you can find the main characteristics of the Beryl variety, the level of its yield, as well as practical advice on caring for the plant and recommendations regarding its planting.
The beryl gooseberry variety was created thanks to the existing varieties “Nugget” and “Malachite”. The author of this successful variety is the famous doctor of agricultural sciences V.S. Ilyin, who at that time was an employee of the Southern Urals Research Institute for Horticulture and Potato (Russia, Chelyabinsk Region, Chelyabinsk).
This variety is quite frost-resistant, so it will feel great in the territories of areas where winter is usually snowy and where there may be severe frosts. The ripening period of the beryl gooseberry variety is medium.
The bush of the plant itself, of medium height, which, thanks to its large leaves, gives the impression of massiveness and looks very impressive. Also, some gardeners in the northern regions note that the lower shoots of the gooseberry bush of Beryl often tend to lie directly on the ground, while the shoots of the bushes grown in the southern territories tend to rise up towards the sun. However, no matter how hard they aspire, the branches often lean slightly toward the ground, since the fruits of this gooseberry variety are quite massive.
The skin of the fruit (berries) of the gooseberry is bright green in color, it is rather thin, but strong and through it the veins that are inherent in such berries are clearly visible. The average weight of a berry is 5 grams, but an increase in the quality of plant care can increase this figure to 8 grams.
If we talk about the level of productivity of this variety of gooseberries, then it is necessary to designate that it largely depends on the very age of the bush. It is possible to harvest from one bush on average from 2.5 kilograms to 9 kilograms of berries. Fruits of the gooseberry variety Beryl usually taste sour-sweet. The sugar content (based on 100 grams of the product) varies up to 8%, and the content of ascorbic acid is 17 milligrams.
This gooseberry variety produces excellent wines. It must be said that until the berry reaches full maturity, its sweet and sour taste leans more towards acid, and a fully ripe berry becomes sweeter. In the classic version, gooseberries are used to make compotes, jams, jam and all kinds of jams.
Planting and care
This gooseberry variety is planted approximately a month before the expected frosts, in the fall, so that the roots adapt to the soil as much as possible and, accordingly, put small roots on this new place. It is recommended to apply for planting, seedlings with bulk root system. The landing site is chosen taking into account the absence of strong winds and the terrain open to sunlight. Regarding the features of soil preparation for planting, there are no such things as such, however, weeds should be removed and, if possible, fertilizers should be added to the soil. This variety of gooseberry is considered unpretentious to the soils on which it is grown. However, it is noted that the best yields were observed on light loams, which are rich in humus. Each gardener has his own approach to planting, meaning that someone fertilizes the entire surface of the gooseberry bushes, and some fertilize only the planting hole.
In the hole for planting it is necessary to fill up some of the earth, which is pre-mixed with fertilizer, then put a seedling and cover the root system with earth. It is recommended, when backfilling roots, to slightly tamp the earth with your hands, or tools, in order to eliminate as much as possible the voids. Then, a newly planted shrub needs to be watered with separated water and the shoots should be slightly shortened so that they soon take root to the new place of residence.
Regarding the irrigation of this variety of gooseberry, it is necessary to indicate that the stagnation of moisture can quite a detrimental effect on the plant, and subsequently on your harvest. If the summer, especially hot, gooseberry bushes will need additional watering. It should be noted that there are periods in which it is especially necessary to monitor the increase in the dose of irrigation of the bushes - the period of flowering, the period of fruit set, and the period immediately before the crop ripens.
In order for all the shoots to receive the sun's heat and direct sunlight, it is necessary to thin them out from time to time, cutting them off. Also, if shoots frost-bitten were noticed in winter, in the spring (as soon as the snow begins to melt) they must be cut off so that they are no longer useful.
Beryl gooseberry: gardeners reviews
The web always has a lot of comments to the varieties, which can be repelled when choosing. Beryl gooseberry is recommended by nine out of ten gardeners, and they write that it is one of the best varieties. Estimated high yielding, unpretentiousness. They write that the berries are very tasty, sweet, slightly sour, but in moderation. Many reviews from the Urals, where it is rarely possible to achieve high yields due to the harsh climate, where the summer is rainy and a little sunny, and the winters are frosty. They write that even under such conditions, the bushes feel excellent, pleasing with a bountiful harvest.
Gooseberry "Beryl" owes its appearance to the harmful fungal disease of the genus Spherotek, referred to as "American powdery mildew". The aspirations of breeders to bring new varieties as a result of crossing European and American varieties that are resistant to fungal diseases, were crowned with success.
A great work started in 1934-1950 by the breeder and senior researcher at the Chelyabinsk Fruit and Vegetable Station named after. I. V. Michurin Alexei Pavlovich Gubenko. The result of this work is the new varieties of gooseberry "Poor-plowed" and "Chelyabinsk Green", with the participation of which further crosses were carried out.
Since 1971, work on the breeding of new varieties continued scientist-breeder for berry crops Vladimir Sergeevich Ilyin.
Under his leadership, such varieties of gooseberry as the "Harlequin", "Beryl", "Dessert", "Izumrud", "Commander", "Senator", "Ural emerald", "Ural gem", "Fantasy" and others were bred. Since 1998, the Beryl variety has been included in the State Register of Breeding Achievements.
Description and characteristics
Gooseberry "Beryl" - a type of perennial shrub plant of the gooseberry family of the genus Currant. Its biological features are expressed in the characteristics of the bush and berries.
The bush of medium height, reaching a height of not more than 1-1.2 meters, spreading, thick:
- shoots - medium thick, cylindrical, curved with a flexible overhanging top,
- the lateral branches are tripartite, the lower part of the more mature ones is covered with spikes,
- bark of dark brown color with anthocyanin shades (gray, red, blue, violet, etc.), characteristic for different terms of ripening,
- thorns - weak, single, perpendicular to the direction of growth,
- leaves are green, large, soft, elongated, rounded, three- or five-lobed with deep cuts, have no pubescence,
- buds - small, elongated oval, deviate from the shoot,
- flowers are large and voluminous, have bright green or red hues, elongated cupped, placed in pairs in the inflorescence.
Gooseberry fruits are large-sized berries, one-dimensional, with a mass of from 3.9 to 9.2 grams.
Berries characteristic of such a biological description:
- shape - rounded,
- color - light green with contrasting longitudinal veins,
- the skin is thin, strong, without pubescence,
- the pulp is juicy,
- taste - sweet and sour.
The chemical composition of 100 grams of the edible part is represented by the content:
- proteins - 0.88 g,
- fat - 0.58 g,
- carbohydrates - 10.18 g,
- dietary fiber - 4.3 g,
- water - 87.87 g.
Disease and Pest Resistance
The variety "Beryl" is resistant to many diseases and pests, but with improper care of the plant, the likelihood of damage remains high.
There is a high probability of powdery mildew (spherotek) and downy mildew (peronosporoz). These fungal diseases stop the growth and development of the plant, subsequently without proper treatment leading to its death. Sphereoteka Signs of illness - the appearance of spots on the shoots and leaves of the bush, which, gradually growing, cover the bush with a dense bloom, as a result of which the leaves dry and fall.
Of the pests, the most likely attack is the pale-footed sawfly or yellow gooseberry sawfly. The larvae of these insects (caterpillars) appear from eggs laid by butterflies in early spring and eat soft parts of the leaves, completely destroying all the green parts of the plant.Pale Legged Sawfly Yellow gooseberry sawfly
Drought resistance and frost resistance
Gooseberry does not tolerate waterlogging, but is highly resistant to drought. Growing up on garden plots, it does not require frequent watering, but it is still not worthwhile to allow a prolonged lack of moisture in hot weather. As for frost resistance, the Beryl variety does not need shelter for the winter season and is able to withstand low temperatures down to -38 ° C.
At the stage of technical maturity (i.e., slightly unripe), the berries retain their freshness for 3 days and can easily be transported. Upon reaching removable maturity (full maturity), the transportability of berries is significantly reduced, which makes it impossible to transport for long distances.
Use of berries
Gooseberry is a universal berry used in various fields of human activity. Its rich chemical composition and medicinal properties provide application in traditional medicine as the main component of recipes from various diseases.
Also, the properties of the berries are well established in cosmetology, in particular, for the manufacture of masks, scrubs, creams and lotions. The most widely used gooseberry fruit in cooking.
On the basis of berries it is possible to produce:
- alcoholic drinks - liqueurs and liqueurs,
- marinades for additional processing of meat,
- sauces for all sorts of meat dishes,
- desserts - compotes, preserves, jams, confitures,
- dried fruits.
Despite such widespread use of gooseberry, for some people, the use of berries can cause complications in the course of such diseases:
- chronic inflammatory and ulcerative diseases of the gastrointestinal tract,
- kidney and urinary tract.
How to choose seedlings when buying
Good growth and development of the plant, its future yield depends on the correct choice of seedlings. Preference can be given to both seedlings with an open root system, and container growing.
Video: how to choose the gooseberry seedlings Saplings with an open root system should be at least 2 years old and have 2-3 strong shoots reaching a length of at least 20 cm. Axillary buds should be enlarged, but not yet dissolved, foliage is allowed only on the tips of the shoots.
The root system of saplings must necessarily be developed, lignified, moist. According to a visual assessment, the bark and the shoots of the plant should not be damaged or show any disease.
Saplings with a closed root system do not have a certain age for sale. They must be well developed and completely leafy, the size of the shoots at the same time can reach 40-50 cm. It is important that the root system fills the container and forms a dense earthen clod.
In container development, a healthy and strong sapling should give the maximum number of young white roots, which will be noticeable when transplanting plants. By visual assessment, the bark and shoots of the plant should not have any damage or signs of disease.
Gooseberry seedlings can be purchased on the market, in the garden center or online store.
Gooseberry does not belong to unpretentious plants and requires certain conditions for growing. Gooseberry "Beryl" is not particularly picky about the soil composition: loamy, sandy and sandy soils with moderate pH values are suitable for planting and growing.
Acidic soils are not suitable for cultivation; therefore, in such cases, a preliminary decrease in acidity by adding dolomite flour is recommended. Depending on the composition of the soil, gooseberry requires periodic application of organic and mineral fertilizers. Does not like gooseberry and close groundwater, as excessive moisture will provoke the appearance of fungal diseases in the plant. "Beryl" is very picky about lighting and prefers to grow in sunny areas, protected from the winds.
Time and landing scheme
Comfortable for growing gooseberries are the rows of trees growing in sunny and elevated areas - this will contribute to the formation of penumbra acceptable to the bush and will shelter from drafts.
For normal growing season, the best time to plant a seedling is early autumn (late September – early October). There is still a lot of time before the first frost, which will allow the seedling to take root well before the winter season.
To ensure sufficient distance for the future formation of the bush, the landing holes should not be closer than 1.5 meters. The depth and width of the landing holes should be at least 50 cm in width and depth. It is important that this distance be 5 cm larger than the volume of the root system or transshipment lump.
This is explained by the fact that the gooseberry can form additional surface root processes, which in the winter season without ground cover can freeze.
Prepared pits should be fertilized by adding a layer of humus mixed with compost and sand to the bottom. For good rooting, it would also be good to add mineral fertilizers to the bottom (for example, 30 grams of superphosphate and 20 grams of potassium phosphate).
Planting is carried out by the vertical placement of the seedling in the planting pit with a careful distribution of the root system at the bottom. The sapling is covered with soil, constantly tamping up each layer so that voids do not form and the earth tightly covered the root system.
Video: how to plant gooseberries After planting, it is worth cutting off a little, leaving 4-5 growth buds on each branch. At the end of the seedling, it is necessary to shed 1 pail of water abundantly and after the moisture is fully absorbed, the landing site should be mulched with fallen leaves, hay or sawdust.
Basics of seasonal care
For good development and a bountiful harvest, the plant requires care, which consists in periodic watering, soil care and timely fertilization, as well as annual pruning, which gives the gooseberry strength to survive the winter cold.
Arid and hot summer requires additional soil moisture. This is especially true of such growing periods as flowering, fruit set and crop ripening require.
It is necessary to carry out watering at least once a week, and it is not desirable to moisten the shoots and leaves. Watering is done only in the near-stem circle in the amount of 1 bucket for each bush. If summer is accompanied by frequent rains, additional watering is not required.
Prevent disease, the emergence of pests and ensure high productivity of the bush can the proper care of the soil.
It means such actions:
- soil loosening - this event must be performed twice a month with careful movements in order to avoid damage to the root system,
- weed removal - it is necessary to produce it together with loosening,
- mulching - action should be carried out after each irrigation to preserve moisture in the soil.
Timely application of top dressing will saturate the soil with nutrients necessary for gooseberry development. Annual feeding should be carried out annually in the following sequence:
- In early spring humus is brought under the shrub as mulch.
- At the end of spring, mineral (in the form of ammonium nitrate in the amount of 20 g per 1 sq. M) or organic nitrogen fertilizers (in the form of bird droppings or manure, should be added to the soil in the near-stem circle as water for several days).
- By the end of June, when the flowering of the bush will be at the final stage, it is necessary to apply phosphorus-potassium fertilizers (superphosphate or potassium phosphate) in an amount of 20 g per 1 sq. M. m. for good formation of ovaries.
Подкормка по схеме создаст максимально комфортные условия для хорошего плодоношения.
Избежать чрезмерного зарастания кустов и придать правильную форму поможет ежегодная обрезка. Обязательному удалению поддаются все слабые прикорневые побеги, надломанные ветки, а также имеющие малейшие признаки болезни.
Pruning can be done in early spring, until bud breaks, or in late autumn, pruning 2/3 of all old branches at soil level. Such an event will rejuvenate the bush and give life to new and strong shoots.
Video: Gooseberry Pruning
Winter cold protection
To protect the plant from freezing will help simple steps. The preparation should begin in late autumn, when the average daily temperature drops below 0 ° C.
At the first stage, the soil under the bush needs to be shed with 5-6 buckets of water to provide a sub-winter moisture charge. At the subsequent stage, the branches of the bush should be bent down to the ground and fixed with pegs, while it is important that the branches do not lie completely on the ground.
The third stage is the mulching of the soil around the plant: the mulch layer should not be less than 7 cm. If the air temperature drops below 15 ° C, the layer can be increased to 20 cm. .
The advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Gooseberry "Beryl" has its advantages and disadvantages.
The advantages of the variety include:
- frost resistance
- high yield,
- bright taste of the fruit.
- low resistance of the variety to such diseases as powdery mildew, downy mildew,
- susceptibility to attack by pests such as the pale-footed sawfly and yellow gooseberry sawfly.
Gooseberry is a popular berry, which is of great benefit to the human body. The variety of gooseberry "Beryl" has many advantages in comparison with others and is conditionally unpretentious plant. The large size and bright taste of the berries provide this variety with high popularity. Moreover, the use of gooseberry berries is diverse and possible in different spheres of human activity.