General information

Japanese Spirea: care and cultivation in the open field


Spiraeus Bumald is a hybrid of the Japanese and belotsvetkovogo species, but in contrast to them more stunted.

Variety Anthony Waterer (Anthony Waterer) blooms from mid-June to early September.

After spring pruning (when the threat of frost passes by), the owner of the garden applies organic fertilizer to the soil under a bush, before flowering, or at the beginning of it, feeds the plant with complex mineral fertilizer.

In dry, hot weather, it waters abundantly twice a month, if the summer is rainy - as needed.

In any weather, the shrub is washed with a strong jet of water - it helps to fight with aphids.

The wormwood tincture is also effective: 4-5 medium bunches of fresh wormwood to insist in 10 liters of cold water for two weeks, prior to the beginning of fermentation.

Strain it and spray the shrub two or three times at weekly intervals. The main thing in the care of spirea - pruning, which allows to give the bush a cushion shape and does not allow it to "creep away".

In early spring, a bush is “planted on a stump”, shortening shoots to a height of 5–15 cm from the soil surface: it cuts strong shoots to well-developed buds, small and old, which sticks out to the sides completely.

After shearing the plant blooms much faster. The second, less radical pruning is carried out after flowering.

In September, the bush shortens to about 50 cm from the ground. Immediately removes the bloomed inflorescences, so that the bloom is longer. After pruning under the bushes loosened the soil.

Reproduction of Spiraea Bomald

It propagates Bumald's spirea by cuttings (like the Japanese spirea). From the faded plant cuts half-woody twigs about 10 cm long. If the ends were inflorescences, cut them, stepping back a couple of leaves. The cuttings are cut into fragments so that each has three buds.

The lower cut under the kidney makes it oblique (at a 45 degree angle), the upper one above the kidney - straight. On each fragment leaves one or two leaflets to reduce evaporation of moisture.

In the cuttings sprigs rooted in the substrate of coarse river sand and top peat (1: 1).

To maintain high humidity air covers film.

By the way, cuttings of different types of spirees are planted in one stalker and noticed that easily rooted beneficially "influence" on those difficult to root, and then they soon take root.

Proper care of Japanese spirea

The root system of the spirea is not very deep in the ground and needs regular moderate watering in dry weather. In order to improve the access of air to the roots of the plant, the ground should often be loosened, removing weeds. In the period of tying buds and abundant flowering, the bushes are fed up.

Spirea is resistant to many diseases, but may be affected by some pests. Timely inspection and control will help prevent them from harming the plants. The haircut of the Japanese spirea, blooming in summer, is produced in early spring, leaving strong healthy shoots and shortening them by 2 times. The average life expectancy of the Japanese spirea is 17 years, but if a plant that has reached the age of 4 does not start growing and grows poorly, it is better to replace it with another specimen.

Tip To increase the period of flowering of Japanese spirea and stimulate the emergence of new buds, it is recommended to cut off the flowering inflorescences regularly. When cultivating varieties with yellow leaves, it is necessary to cut at the very base of the shoots with green leaves, which appear from time to time on plants obtained as a result of breeding.

Fertilizer and plant nutrition

Japanese spiraeus is recommended to feed twice a year:

  • spring at the end of trimming bushes - complex fertilizer according to the instructions attached to it,
  • in summer, during flowering, with organic fertilizer, adding superphosphate, which improves the formation of new inflorescences.

As an organic fertilizer, you can use mullein, which is diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 6. In the absence of cow dung, it is replaced with chicken manure, diluted with water 1:18. Superphosphate is enough to take 10 g per bucket of the resulting solution.

Pruning Japanese Spirea

When growing shrubs, it is desirable to prune, which rejuvenates the plant, stimulates abundant flowering and allows you to create a beautiful shape.

The flowers of this type of culture are formed on the shoots of the current year, so pruning is carried out in early spring, before the start of growth. The shoots are cut to 5-20 cm, depending on the height of the variety. Remove dry, damaged and old branches, too thick bushes thin out.

Loosening, mulching

Japanese Spirea grows best in loose, well-penetrated soil. Therefore, after watering and raining, it is advisable to loosen the soil in the root circle, removing weeds at the same time. To retain moisture and get rid of weeds will help the process of mulching. Use dry compost or peat as mulch.

Japanese Spirea is not afraid of the wind, so it can also feel good in open areas. However, too strong impulses can negatively affect flowering, therefore for the period of bud formation it is better to protect spiraeus from drafts

The plant needs moderate watering. If it is hot outside, then the procedure of moistening is obligatory. On average, in cool weather, they consume 10 liters of water (a bucket) per bush with one irrigation, in hot weather - 20 liters. The frequency of irrigation - twice a month.

Breeding methods

Japanese spirea is propagated by dividing the bush, layering and cutting in open ground. The first two methods are the easiest. Only adults 3-4 summer bushes in the middle of spring divide, carefully cutting the root system into 2-3 parts. Too long roots can be shortened. Delenki planted in a permanent place and the first two weeks are well watered.

To obtain young plants using otvodok, take a well-developed lateral shoot, tilt it to the ground, laying in the prepared groove, pinned and covered with soil. At the end of the season, the shoots take root and give 2-3 young saplings. The following year, the layering can be separated from the parent bush and transplanted to a new location.

Eavesdropping is a more laborious method of breeding the Japanese spirea. In late summer or early autumn, parts of shoots 10–15 cm long are cut off. The lower leaves are removed, the rest are cut to half and the cuttings are placed in water with the addition of “Kornevina” for about 2-3 hours. Then it is buried in a wet mixture of sand and compost (bottom is compost, and the top is a layer of sand) at an angle of 45 degrees, since such a position well stimulates the growth of the root system. Cuttings covered with a package or a can. They monitor the soil moisture and periodically air the greenhouse. As soon as the plants grow, the cover is removed. For winter, seedlings are covered with leaves, agrofibre or spruce branches.

Japanese Spirea pests and methods of controlling them

Spirea is a resistant plant, but there are pests that can spoil the decorativeness of the bush. These include insects: aphid, spider mite, Rosy moth. Pests most often breed in dry and hot weather. Listochka damages the foliage of the plant. This mainly occurs at the end of spring. Aphid - sucks the juice from the young shoots. Mite - cobwebs the shoots of the plant with a web, this leads to premature drying of the bush. On-time treatment with chemicals (for example, from a tick - karbofos 0.3%, phosphamide 0.2%, Acrex 0.2%, from aphids and leafworms - Pirimor 0.1%) will not spoil the decorative look. Diseases spiraea is practically not affected. If your bed is decorated with Japanese spirea, then this information will help to carry out the correct and timely care of the plant, and it will thank for abundant flowering and beauty. Due to the large number of species and varieties of spirea, you can choose a plant to your liking

Role in garden design

In the garden of the spirea, the Japanese stand out with their smooth curves, abundant flowering and a contrasting shade of leaves. A shrub can stand alone as a spectacular spot or create magnificent hedges for garden zoning. Japanese spiraeus planted in compositions with other plants, near the paths, buildings, create flowering alleys. This species is easily combined with most decorative leafy plants. Low varieties are used as ground cover. Excellent partners - spruce, juniper, thuja. Japanese Spirea is well tolerated in urban environments.

Growing tips, nuances

Keep in mind, the first time spirea blooms only in the third year after planting. It should be patient - a decorative sight of flowering shrubs worth it.

It is also important to know that the root system of a plant is superficial, therefore it cannot take moisture from deep layers of the soil. Therefore, do not let the roots dry out, and be sure to water regularly with spirea, in the heat - twice as abundant.

Spirea bush lives about 17 years, but if at the age of four it is not pleased with abundant flowering, it is better to replace it with a higher-quality specimen.

Japanese Spirea - a real decoration of the garden, striking a unique combination of delicate flowers and bright color of leaves. In addition, the shrub unpretentious, so grow it under the force and novice gardeners. And our advice will help you with this.

Plant a spiraea, and you will firstly make sure that giving a small amount of your time to the shrub, he will thank you for his long years of lush growth and long flowering.

Spirey Bumald: Japanese hybrid description

Spiraea (meadowsweet) Bomald or pink according to the botanical description belongs to the genus of deciduous ornamental shrubs of the genus pink. Spiraeus Bumalda is a type of Spirey, which has about a hundred. The shrub up to 1 meter has elegant and compact lilac-pink inflorescences. The leaves are colored reddish-green.

Spirea blooms from early June to late September (depending on the climatic zone). Some forms of hybrids have different colors of flowers, ranging from pale pink to white. The international scientific name "spirea" was first introduced by Karl Linney in 1753.

Pink spirea is resistant to severe winter frosts, drought, air pollution in cities. Meadowsweet - plant durable (up to 40 years), honey, not requiring intensive care.

Spiraeus Bumald distributed not only in Europe. This plant has become a popular decoration for gardens and terraces in Asia and North America. In addition, breeders constantly display new forms of hybrids that are more beautiful and resistant.

How to choose a place for landing (lighting)

To grow a beautiful decorative branch, you need to choose a well-lit area. A partial shade or shadow will not allow the spirea to fully reveal all its decorative qualities. This plant should be planted on the southern side of the site, where there are few trees that will create a shadow.

The plant should receive direct sunlight at least 7 hours a day.. Only then will the inflorescences be able to show all their “pink” beauty.

What should be the soil for planting

Spirea cultivation is best done on a turf or leaf soil. The best proportion of soil composition will be sand, peat and earth - 1: 1: 2. The soil layer should be 0.4-0.5 meters deep. The width of the plot will depend on the number of planted plants.

Meadowsweet can grow without any problems on any other type of soil, but then all the decoration can in a flash fade away. So, if you want to grow the Bumalda spiraeus for decorative purposes, then you will have to slightly change the composition of the soil in your area.

How to choose the seedlings Spiraea Bomald

During the purchase of meadowsweet seedlings you need to ask the seller about their ability to breed and winter hardiness. Given these factors, you can control the process of spirea growth.

Many do not know when to buy and plant the Spureea of ​​Bumald. The best time will be the middle or end of April. When buying seedlings, pay attention to the root system of the plant. It must be strong and not damaged by disease.

In addition, the root system must have at least three thick roots and many small hairy roots, which contain clay mass (the clay mass is called the mash, it must be present at the roots when purchased).

Landing pit preparation

Spiraea pink with proper planting and timely care will turn into a lush bush. If the soil is prepared in the manner described above, the holes for planting should be 30% larger than the root system of the plant.

The depth of the pits should reach 40-50 cm. If the soil into which the meadowsweet seedlings are planted is not specially prepared, then the pits should be three times larger than the roots. In this case, the pits are filled with a mixture of sand, peat and leafy earth in a ratio of 1: 1: 2.

Spiraea pink shrub planted in rows. Row spacing should be 35-45 cm. The distance between seedlings in rows should not exceed 50 cm. If the plants are planted very tightly, then they will not be able to grow optimally.

Bush planting scheme

Spirea has beautiful pink flowers, which, with proper planting and proper care, will please the eye for decades. Proper planting ensures maximum decorative beauty of the shrub.

Before planting at the bottom of the fossa you need to put a little humus and earth. Then straighten all the roots so that they do not get tangled, and cover the plant with earth. The root neck (the junction of the roots and the trunk) should be located at ground level. It is advisable before planting carefully examine the root system of the seedling and cut off all broken and dried roots.

If the planting of meadowsweet is made together with the earth on the roots, then after planting the plant must be thoroughly watered with warm water. If the seedling root system is bare, then before planting it must be kept for a day in a growth stimulant solution (succinic acid, “Heteroauxin”, indole acetic acid, and others). After a day's exposure, plants can be planted in the holes prepared in advance.

It is necessary to take into account the fact that the spiraea of ​​Bumald does not tolerate the increased soil moisture, as a result, its flowering period may not fall into the usual seasonal framework. In places where there is a lot of underground water, the plant may die. Therefore, if you decide to plant a flower in such a place, then you need to know one trick.

Hole for planting need to dig 15-20 cm deeper. First pour gravel or gravel into it, then sprinkle it with a layer of earth, and only then plant groundweed. In this case, groundwater will not flood the roots of the plant.

How to water a charming shrub

When caring for Bumalda spiraea, the soil moisture should be monitored with particular care. This shrub does not tolerate as very dry soil, and very wet.

In the first two weeks after planting, a Meadowsweet must be watered every day (in the evening or in the morning). This will help the root system to get stronger. In the future, you need to monitor the humidity. In very dry periods of summer, the plant should be watered every 4-5 days.

If the soil around the shrub is treated with mulch (shells from seeds, buckwheat or nuts), then it will keep moisture longer, while the frequency of watering in hot weather will be reduced by 1.5-2 times.

You also need to remember that with frequent watering around the plant weeds begin to grow, which must be weeded periodically. Loosening of the land is carried out in the first hot days after the rains. After loosening the meadowsweet can be a little water.

Plant nutrition and fertilizer

For lush flowering meadowsweet use these types of fertilizers: phosphorus, nitrogenous, potash, etc.

Fertilize the soil around the bush in two ways.: along with watering or loosening. All important trace elements can be delivered to the root system of meadowsweet along with water.

Fertilizer should be diluted according to the instructions and produce watering, preferably in early spring. It is also possible to fertilize while loosening the soil.

Normal humus will become a good stimulator of growth and flowering. They can simply be mulched, and during the rains all the important trace elements will be absorbed into the soil with water. In the period of drought and before the start of winter, the shrub needs to be fed with superphosphate, for example, Kemira wagon.

The granular agent is diluted in water and watered the plant according to the instructions.

Features trimming spirea

Spiraea bomald is pruned in spring, but it can also be pruned in summer when it blooms. Form gardeners usually chooses gardener. Krona is made spherical or pyramidal, depending on the style of the garden or terrace. Any pruning does not affect the intensity of growth and development of the shrub.

As a rule, old (10-14 years), weak and dry branches are removed. Some of them need to be cut to stump, depending on what kind of crown you will do. It is best to prune the spring grass until the leaves appear. At this time, you can more accurately form a certain type of crown.

The main rule of pruning: any shrub older than four years should be formed at a height of 25-30 cm, with the branches and shoots shortened to the first powerful buds.

Resistance to diseases and pests

Spirey Bumald after proper planting requires special care (this also applies to the prevention of various diseases). Гибрид спиреи Бумальда не так часто поражается болезнями и вредителями, но все-таки иногда это случается.

Основной угрозой данного кустарника считается паутинный клещ. После его появления на листиках образуются беловатые метельчатые пятна. In the future, the leaves acquire a yellowish tint, then dry and fall. Especially often this pest affects the meadowsweet during dry periods of summer.

To combat spider mites, “Arex” (2%), “Keltan”, “Metaphos” or “Phosphamide” are used. Apply all of the listed drugs according to the instructions for use.

Aphid, which feeds on the juice of shoots and leaves, is considered to be another pest. To combat it, use "Kronefos", "Pirimor" or "Fozalon". Sometimes the meadowsweet affects the whitefly. To get rid of this parasite, use "Decis Pro" or "Fitoverm".

In addition to insect pests, shrubs can cause fungal diseases: gray mold and various spots. To combat pathological fungi, fungicide-based preparations are used: Fitosporin-M, Bordeaux liquid, Fundazol, colloidal sulfur and others.

Timely pest control and proper care of the plant will allow the meadowsweeper to fully reveal their decorative qualities.