This species, like any other, has a number of features that you should learn about before starting the cultivation of such tomatoes.
Appearance and description of the variety
Growth in tomatoes of this variety is not limited, so the size of tomatoes depends on the conditions and period of cultivation and can be completely different.
But, as a rule, such tomatoes grow quite large. You can grow them both in greenhouse conditions and in open ground or under film shelters.
The bushes of plants have light-green leaves of medium size, reach a height of about 2 meters, 6 brushes can form on each of them.
According to the description, Japanese Crab tomatoes are easy to distinguish from fruits of other varieties. They are flat-rounded in shape, have fluffy hangers. The color of the tomatoes changes as they ripen from green to pink and crimson, red or yellow.
Fruits are juicy, fleshy, not dense, at the footboard are slightly ribbed. The weight of one tomato is 300-400 g. “Japanese crab” is a high-yielding variety: observing the right agricultural techniques, 11 kg of tomatoes can be collected from one m2 of planting.
The advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Based on reviews of farmers and gardeners, the following advantages of this variety can be identified:
- resistance to the most common diseases
- taste qualities. Most gardeners note the superiority of the Japanese Crab tomato flavor over other tomato varieties,
- seed germination - more than 95%, which is a very high indicator of their quality,
- high adaptability to various climatic features. Since this variety was bred specifically for cultivation in Siberia, known for its harsh weather conditions, this feature is its main advantage.
As for the shortcomings, there are not so many of them in “Japanese Crab”. Allocate only the need for strict adherence to the norms of planting seeds and constant proper care of plants.
The yield of tomatoes "Japanese Crab" is directly dependent on the technology of planting and growing seeds, so it is important to comply with agricultural practices and know the basic rules of caring for the bushes.
The fastidiousness in the care, which is the main and only drawback of this variety, can affect the end result of the cultivation of tomatoes.
Seed preparation, planting seeds and care for them
Growing this crop, most often resort to the seedling method, since planting seeds immediately in open ground does not give the expected results.
In order for sprouts to emerge from the seeds, before planting, they must be kept for several days (2-3) in a not very concentrated solution of potassium permanganate, and then washed.
The most suitable month for planting seeds is March (8-10th number). The sowing depth should be 1 cm. After the appearance of 2 leaves, the plants need a pick.
Seedling and planting in the ground
From the greenhouse, equipped with heating, seedlings can be planted in April, if the greenhouse film, you must wait until 65 days after planting the seeds, and only then repot the bushes.
As a rule, this is the beginning of May. Such tomatoes need space, so no more than 4 plants should be used per m2, both in the greenhouse and after - in open soil.
The soil in the greenhouse should be regularly moistened before the first shoots. Also important is the daily ventilation of the covered vegetable garden.
At a permanent place seedlings need to be planted, following the simple rules:
- It is desirable that in the soil in which you plan to plant "Japanese crab", before this legumes, cabbage, cucumbers, onions or carrots grow. Not desirable so that the precursor of tomatoes in the soil was potatoes, eggplant or pepper.
- The earth should be loosened and soaked with nutrients. The best soil is loamy.
Care and watering
The main features of the Japanese Crab variety tomato care:
- correct watering is important: early in the morning or after sunset at the root or in the wells with lukewarm water,
- bushes need a garter, because under the weight of the fruit they fall to the ground, where they are more exposed to pests and do not get enough sunlight or just break.
It is necessary to build structures to maintain the plants on weight. It can be trellis, located vertically or horizontally. Horizontal trellis allows you to tie up the tomatoes as they grow. With the help of a vertical trellis, you can save space on the plot, as for the pinching, this type of tomato should be grown in 1-2 stems, the second of which is formed from the stepson under the initial brush.
The remaining stepsons must be broken by hand, leaving a small “stump”, about a centimeter long, to prevent the formation of a new escape. Masking is best done in the morning, without removing more than three additional shoots at one time,
Pests and diseases
Despite the fact that the Japanese Crab variety of tomatoes was bred for cultivation in harsh conditions and is quite resistant to the most common diseases, adherence to the rules of cultivation and care may not be enough to produce a large crop.
Preventing pests and preventing the occurrence of plant diseases are also important.
To avoid phytophthora or cladosporiosis, it is necessary to maintain the optimum temperature in the greenhouse and not exceed the desired level of moisture.
It is also necessary to spray a mixture of pharmaceutical iodine with milk (a liter of milk and 25 drops of iodine per bucket of water). If you have already noticed signs of the disease (brown spots with a whitish bloom on fruits with late blight or on leaves with cladosporia) in a plant, it needs to be processed every three days:
- from phytophtoras - by ash, Trichopol or Fitosporin,
- from cladosporiosis - drugs with a high concentration of copper.
Conditions for maximum fructification
To achieve the highest possible yield of tomatoes, it is recommended to fertilize the soil. Stimulants need to be made no more than 3 times during the growing season, if done more often, the leaves will begin to grow more rapidly, which will reduce the number of ovaries on the bushes.
Complex fertilizers enriched with useful microelements are best suited. Maintaining a balance of nutrients is important in a changing weather.
In the heat of the tomatoes need more nitrogen than in cloudy weather, when they are in need of potassium due to lack of sunlight.
It is also possible to increase the level of yield and reduce the need for moisture by mulching the beds with mowed grass, weeds, sawdust or paper, which rot and fertilize the soil.
The variety of tomatoes "Japanese Crab" is the most popular type used in salads. Due to the small number of seeds and the density of the pulp, these tomatoes perfectly retain their shape, giving the culinary products a good look.
The same feature makes it possible to prepare snacks using these tomatoes. Also, "Japanese Crab" is great for canning, cooking lecho, sauces and juices, tomato paste.
How did tomato crabs appear
Tomatoes Japanese crab appeared on our beds only in the 2000s
The variety Japanese crab appeared in the beds of our gardens and in greenhouses not very long ago, but it has already become quite popular. The specialists of the Barnaul agrofirm “DEMETRA-SIBIR” managed to bring out such an original variety of tomatoes. Convinced of the stability of the varietal characteristics of a new variety of tomato, in November 2005, the enterprise filed an application with the State Budget Committee to pass a variety trial. Already in 2007, the Japanese Crab tomato was introduced by the Commission for Testing and Protection of Breeding Achievements to the State Register as a variety that can be grown throughout our country.
Description of the qualities inherent in the Japanese crab
Japanese crab variety attracts gardening lovers with a peculiar appearance, excellent taste, bright aroma
Growing lettuce tomato Japanese crab can be on open beds, or under the cover of the film or in the greenhouse.
The ripening terms of these tomatoes are average. After the seeds have grown, about 110-115 days pass before the first ripe fruits are obtained.. Such a rather short period of ripening tomatoes makes it possible in many areas of our country with a fairly long summer to grow Japanese crabs not only through seedlings, but also directly sowing seeds on the beds.
Character plants Japanese crab indeterminantny. Without a natural limit to the growth of shoots, it can grow above one meter in unprotected soil, and rise to two meters in a greenhouse. Naturally, such tall plants require tying the stems.
Simple floral brushes of tomatoes of this variety are formed every 2 leaves above the seventh or eighth.
Tomatoes Japanese crab endowed with the original form. They are round, noticeably flattened and with pronounced ribbing. The color of ripe fruit is rich pink. The average mass of tomatoes in this variety ranges from 250-350 grams, but with good care, they can grow much larger.
Tomatoes Japanese crab can be grown very large
The inner part of the tomato is not very dense, fleshy, juicy, with excellent taste and pleasant aroma. Seed chambers, of which there are 5-6 pieces, small size. Due to these characteristics of tomatoes, Japanese crab, vegetable growers and practitioners use their fruits not only fresh, but also processed into various preparations for the winter period.
The period of fruiting of the Japanese crab as an indeterminate plant, the flowers and ovaries of which appear as the shrub grows, is limited only by the climatic conditions of the growing area. Accordingly, the harvest is significantly different. During the variety testing, this tomato under the cover of the film brought 11 kg of ripe tomatoes from one square meter of planting. At the same time, resistance of the variety to tobacco mosaic virus, root and apical rot was noted..
The main features of the cultivation of Japanese crabs
In order for Japanese Crab varieties to grow healthy and bring a good harvest, you must observe certain rules when growing them:
- When growing tomatoes in a seedless way in a greenhouse, seeds can be sown in April, and from the beginning of May, they can be sown on beds covered with film and in unheated greenhouses. In any case, you should consider the weather conditions of a particular season.
- To prevent the plants from getting sick and getting enough nutrition, it is important not to thicken the planting. Maximum dense recommended plant layout is 0.5x0.4 m.
The recommended scheme of planting tomatoes Japanese crab
Gutting - removal of unwanted shoots formed in the leaf axils, is included in the process of formation of Japanese crab bushes as one of the main operations
Formation of a flower brush achieve larger fruits
The formation and pinching of an indeterminate tomato bush contributes to the full maturation of the crop
Reviews of Tomato Japanese Crab
Siberian Garden, Japanese Crab - Wonderful variety, in my collection of pink tomatoes takes the first place in taste and yield. ADVANTAGES: Large pink tomato, very tasty and very productive DISADVANTAGES: Loses ovaries at very low temperatures Tomatoes have been engaged for more than 10 years. During this time, about 200 different varieties of this delicious “fruit vegetable” have been tested on their personal plots. Most of them refused, but 11 varieties and 5 hybrids (for example, Kasamori) received permanent registration in my garden beds. The leading position in this list is occupied by a pink tomato from the manufacturer Siberian Garden "Japanese Crab". The plant is tall, grows up to 2 meters in open ground. Ties 5-7 brushes. Most fruits have a mass of 250–350 grams, but some can be much larger. I managed to grow a tomato weighing 720 grams. The fruit on the break is fleshy, sugary. Its taste is harmonious - sweet and at the same time has a slight sourness, which distinguishes it from the majority of fresh pink and green fetuses.
This year, Japanese crab (salad) variety was tested in the open ground. The bush is high for open ground, more than 1m, the fruit is large, pink, fleshy, it tastes good.
ADVANTAGES: Very productive, little late blight, tasty. DISADVANTAGES: Some fruits in the stalk area had a zone of dense white-green fiber. I want to write about Japanese Crab variety tomatoes, and no matter what kind of company these seeds will be. A few words only about the variety. Planted last year for the first time, planted immediately in open ground on May 10th. Almost everything has come up. Tomato bushes grew tall, taller than my height: about 180–200 cm. During the entire fruiting period, the tomatoes were large and smaller, but not small. It tastes very juicy and meaty! I made juice from them. Compared to a variety of rosemary tomatoes, these tomatoes do not taste as delicate as rosemary. The fruits of my bushes were hard to tear away from the stem, and I had to twist or cut them with scissors. But it was also a plus, because ripe and over-ripe tomatoes did not fall off and hung on the bush until I took them off. The disadvantage of my tomato was that in almost all the fruits in the region of the stem and in the upper part of the tomato the flesh was dense white-green (as if unripe). I watered my tomatoes all summer with water from a well directly, that is, the water was almost ice. There is one nuance that, in my opinion, my tomatoes were flawed (except for icing with cold water): they were deprived of the morning (eastern) sun during the entire first half of the day. The variety, in my opinion, is very fruitful. I didn’t keep track of how much was stored, since everything was eaten, but in the refrigerator or in the cool subfield a ripe red tomato lay with me for about a week.
Observing the rules of planting and growing tomatoes Japanese crab, you can achieve an excellent harvest of beautiful, tasty and healthy fruits from healthy plants throughout the season and get excellent harvesting for the winter.
The advantages of the variety
Tomatoes Japanese crab, the description of which indicates the average term of ripening, are intended for cultivation in protected and open ground conditions. The bushes of indeterminate type during the growing season reach a height of 150-180 cm. Up to 6 brushes are formed on them.
The leaves of tomatoes are medium in size, light green in color, simple inflorescences. Tomatoes require the removal of excess shoots, tying to the support. Reviews of vegetable growers indicate that the best results are achieved when maintaining a bush in 1-2 stems.
Fruits are flat rounded, with lush shoulders, with noticeable ribbing near the stem. Tomatoes are characterized by a loose texture, excellent taste. With a horizontal cut, there are more than 7 chambers with seeds.
The mass of fleshy, juicy fruits reaches 300-400 g. In the stage of biological ripeness tomatoes are green in color with a dark green spot near the stem. When ripe, they acquire an intense pink color with a raspberry shimmer.
Reviews gardeners point to the universal purpose of the fruit. Tomatoes are used to make salads, juices, sauces, mashed potatoes. Pink tomatoes are good for fresh consumption, they can be included in the diet diet.
The main advantage of the variety is a stable return of products and a long period of fruiting. The yield of tomato reaches 11 kg per 1 m². Tomatoes Japanese crab is resistant to tobacco mosaic virus, vertex and root rot.
The variety of tomato Japanese crab, now has already managed to catch the fancy of many gardeners to amateurs and agro-industrial enterprises, their positive reviews show. The fruits of this tomato have a rich, refined taste, which makes it quite popular, both in personal use and as an industrial variety.
The variety is considered a novelty, although it was cultivated about 10 years ago. It was bred specifically for growing in unheated greenhouses and in open soil. Refers to the indeterminate types of tomatoes.
Its main features are:
- crop ripening time is average, approximately 110-115 days after the first shoots. Most often, the crop can be removed in July or early August,
- abundant harvest - about 6 -7 kilos of tomatoes from each bush,
- fruits are large,
- with proper care, fruit is able to bear fruit until mid-November.
Fruits of a grade have universal application. In addition to eating fresh, they are used for canning, the preparation of various tomato products such as lecho, pasta and juice. «Японский краб» предлагает томаты полезные, вкусные и питательные.
Приведём описание плодов:
- ripen in the third month after transplanting into the soil,
- at the stage of ripening, the tomatoes have a green color, near the stem the color is more dense,
- in the process of maturation, they gradually become pinkish crimson, red or yellow,
- ripe tomatoes weigh from 250 to 350 g. Individual specimens, with proper care, reach a weight of 800 g,
- the shape of the fruit is round, slightly oblate,
- number of chambers - from six and more, small granularity,
- the flesh is fleshy and juicy, the taste is sweet with some sourness.
Experienced chefs claim that salads cooked on the basis of “Japanese Crab” tomato variety retain their marketable appearance and taste longer than those prepared from other varieties.
Lack of variety
An important disadvantage is that the harvest will not be stored for a long time. The ideal option is to recycle the tomatoes shortly after removing them from the bushes.
- near the stem there is a dense white-green area,
- fruits are hardly tied if summer is cool and rainy,
- if the temperature drops to two to four degrees, the ovary can fall off.
The main advantages of the described varieties are high yield and immunity to most diseases (unless they create favorable conditions for them).
Disease and pest prevention
Since, first of all, the variety “Japanese Crab” was intended for the harsh Siberian realities, it was instilled in it a serious resistance to such diseases as:
- root and top rot,
- late blight,
- tobacco mosaic.
But, as we have already mentioned, sharp drops in night and daytime temperatures, as well as long rainy weather, can adversely affect the growth of culture. In particular, excessive moisture stimulates the appearance of the same phytophtora. In addition, non-compliance with the recommended humidity with sufficient heating in the greenhouse can cause a cladosporiosis.
If you notice the appearance of the disease, immediately begin processing the culture with special formulations. This needs to be done every three days. The compositions are as follows:
- with lesions of phytophthora, ash, Fitosporin or Trihopol are used,
- in case of a lesion with cladosporia, drugs with a high copper content.
Even if no diseases of your culture are threatened yet, it is still recommended to carry out preventive treatment from time to time. This is especially important if the nights in your area are long, cold and wet.
For spraying in a bucket of warm water dissolve:
- one liter of milk,
- 25 drops of pharmaceutical iodine.
Since the plant is “sharpened” specifically for the unfavorable conditions of Siberia, it will be uncomfortable in the southern regions of the country — resistance to disease is sometimes excessive. The ideal option is to grow a variety in areas with sharply continental climatic conditions.
We hope that the description cited on tomatoes “Japanese Crab” allowed everyone interested in the gardening theme to learn more about it. The variety has already been appreciated by many lovers of these crops, it has taken root in the country cottages and kitchen gardens. We dare to suggest that you will like it too.
The variety does not require special skills or experience in cultivation - it is enough to understand the basic principles of planting and caring for indeterminate cultures. He is not afraid of many plant diseases, but the plant yields excellent crops.
The fruits have excellent taste and are suitable for any use - and for salads, and for the preparation of tomato products.
Japanese Crab Tomato: variety description
The variety "Japanese Crab" belongs to the Siberian series of the manufacturer "Siberian Garden", it is not a hybrid.
This is a new variety with original ribbed fruits, bred both for film greenhouses and for open ground, indeterminate, mid-season, large-fruited, very productive.
With one bush can collect 5-7 kg of fruit. Fruits ripen after 110-115 days after planting, usually in July and early August, fructification continues until the autumn cold.
- Unripe tomatoes are green in color, the stem is slightly darker. As they mature, they become bright red, magenta-pink or yellow.
- Fruits weighing 250-350 g (and the most experienced gardeners even up to 800)
- Flat form,
- have at least six cameras
- fleshy and juicy, have a wonderful taste: sweet, with a slight sourness.
The variety is considered one of the best salad varieties. But can be used for canning, it is perfect for lecho, tomato paste, juice.
Tomatoes are kept medium, so you should not leave them without processing for a long time.
The disadvantages of the variety include the presence of a dense white-green zone around the stem and weak fruit set in a cool and humid summer. When the temperature drops to 2-4 degrees, the ovary may even fall off.
Next you will see some pictures of the Japanese Crab tomato.
Cultivation and care
Seeds for seedlings are planted in March, seed germination is 93-95%. After the appearance of 2 leaves the plant is diving. Tomatoes are planted in heated greenhouses in early April, and in open ground no earlier than May, 3-4 plants per square meter.
Powerful plants with dark green foliage reach a height of 1.5 to 2 meters, do not belong to the standard, and therefore require pasynkovaniya and garters to the vertical or horizontal trellis.
It is recommended to grow them in one or two stems, if desired, forming the second stem from the stepson under the first brush. The remaining stepsons are removed. Water the plant preferably with warm water, fertilize 2-3 times over the entire period with complex mineral fertilizers intended for tomatoes.
Diseases and pests
Bred especially for the harsh Siberian conditions, the Japanese crab is quite picky and resistant to vertex and root rot, late blight and tobacco mosaic.
However, low nighttime temperatures and prolonged, inclement weather can cause phytophthora occurrence, and too high air humidity at high temperatures can cause cladosporia. At the first signs of disease, it is necessary to treat plants every three days with special means. (ash, trichopol or phytosporin in the first case and copper-containing preparations in the second).
Despite the relative youth of the variety - it has been cultivated for a dozen years - “Japanese crab” has already been appreciated by summer residents and tomato lovers. We hope it will take root in your garden!
Comparison of the taste characteristics of different varieties of tomato with tomato "Japanese Crab":