Gardeners use various plants for decoration of arbors, fences and even walls of buildings, among which azarina lazyaschaya is one of the most popular. This blooming creeper is ideal for vertical gardening, because it quickly wraps around any building that is close by and blooms beautifully for several months until autumn.
Azarina lazyaschaya is an annual plant, so planting it in one place where it will bloom for many years in a row will not work. But her sowing is so simple, caring for her does not present much difficulty, and the flower grows quickly, braiding everything around, so many gardeners gladly plant asarina every year and enjoy the results all summer.
To plant and care for the plant were correct, before planting it is important to find out as much information about the flower as possible, to prepare a suitable place for it and to create optimal conditions for flowering. The earlier azarina lazyaschaya will be planted in the ground, the earlier the plant throws out color, so you can start work in February.
Features and rules of sowing seeds
For growing plants need to prepare boxes or pots with soil. The optimal composition of the mixture, in which the seeds of asarin will be sown, is leafy ground with the addition of sand, peat and a small amount of humus.
It is not necessary to make wells for seeds, the seeds are pushed slightly into the surface of the pre-moistened soil, and on top they are covered with a small layer of sand.
Optimal conditions for seed germination are warm and sunny, which is why gardeners often leave pots on the windowsill or put them in greenhouses. The air temperature should not fall below 10 degrees, and that after 12-14 days the first shoots appear above the ground, it is better to withstand the temperature in the range of 18-20 degrees.
Secrets and nuances of seed germination
Some novice gardeners sometimes encounter situations that, when creating all the optimal conditions, the seeds of asarins did not sprout anyway. Professionals recommend in this case to put the pot in a dark cool place to artificially stop any development process if it began there. And after 30 days, return to warm conditions.
Another secret experienced gardeners to grow asarina climbing is the use of moss. To speed up the germination of seeds, they can be planted in the peat moss prepared for this. And already grown sprouts transplanted into the open ground with him. The special environment of moss is conducive to the speedy growth of asarin.
After the emergence of sprouts, it is better to rearrange the pots in a cooler place, asarine climbing 13-15 degrees is enough for further growth. When the seedling will have 3-4 leaves, the plant is diving. This will ensure active and fluffy growth.
Care for sprouts at home
There are several important rules that should be followed during the growth of the flower in the home or greenhouse before the time comes to plant azarina climbing into the ground. Gardeners who want to get a beautiful, branchy plant with lush color, you should follow these recommendations:
- When the seedlings show the first true leaflets, they should be planted apart to give space and space for good growth.
- To support the active growth of asarins, small supports can be placed in the pot to support the heavy stem.
- For the formation of a lush bush that will give a lot of shoots, the top of the seedling is cut one or more times as it grows.
When the seedlings get stronger and stretch out, and the weather outside becomes warm and mild, the plant can be transplanted into open ground. In this case, it is necessary to carefully and carefully handle the root system of the flower, since azarina lazyaschaya badly endures when the roots are hurt or injured.
Features transplant plants in the ground
In order to begin the process of transplanting an azarine that climbs to a permanent place of growth, where the flower will be able to plant its long branches and braid the desired structure, it is important to choose the right place. It should be moderately sunny plot, for example, the eastern side of the gazebo or at home, but protected from strong wind. At noon, a strong sun should not touch the leaves and flowers of asarin.
When planting sprouts in the ground, it is important to keep at least 50 cm between them. This will enable each bush to grow properly and bloom magnificently. With insufficient natural soil moisture, it is desirable to add moderate watering, after which to loosen the soil.
If in the immediate vicinity of the support or gazebo, which you want to braid with a flowering vine, there is no open area for planting, you can transplant the asarin into several flowerpots. Their depth must be at least 30 cm in order for the root system to develop properly and become strong in order to provide nutrition to a large and beautiful vine.
Flower care during growth and flowering
Caring for asarin lazuyushey includes several important points: watering and loosening, allowing you to retain moisture in the soil, garter stalks and root dressing, pest control. The works do not take much time and are similar to the care of many other plants of the garden, so their implementation will be simple, but most importantly - productive.
The long stems of the climbing asarin need to be maintained and tied up regularly, so that the vine climbs in the right direction. If the plants are planted along a fence or pergola, it will naturally braid the rods, weaves and pillars. On the wall of the house you can stretch a few wires or dense threads along which the flower will grow upwards.
Climbing plant likes moderate watering, but if summer is dry and rain falls rarely, the amount of moisture should be increased. And to preserve it, it is worth mulch the soil with peat.
Azarine fertilizer can be carried out once every 2-3 weeks, using nitrogen and phosphorus-potassium fertilizers. Such top dressing of a growing flower will make greens lush, and flowering will be bright and saturated with buds. To stay beautiful and healthy, the flower needs strength.
The main pest of asarin climbing, which many gardeners face, is aphid on the leaves. It can be dealt with in different ways, but the most effective and proven method is to spray the folk remedy, which is prepared on the basis of onion peels and garlic. The needles are added to the tincture, the leaves are sprayed several times in a row. In order not to prepare the drug for aphids with your own hands, you can buy a finished product in a store or on the market, dilute it according to the rules of instruction and spray the plant.
Flowering of asarin lazuyuschego will continue until September, if you comply with all the conditions of care for her. Thus, providing the plant with light, watering and fertilizer, gardeners will enjoy beautiful flowers and a shady hedge all summer and half of autumn.
Varieties and types
Azarina Lazyaschaya - the most common form with leaves wrapped around everything touched. Her winding branched shoot reaches a height of 3-3.5 meters. The small foliage has a dark green color, and white, pink and other colors (depending on the variety) are inherent in tubular flowers longer than 3 cm.
Azarina reddish grows to 3 meters in height, with the lower parts of the stems woody. The leaves are triangular or heart-shaped, with irregular marginal teeth and pubescence, like the stems. The shape of the flowers is wide-tubular, they stretch by 5-7 cm.
The white color of the tubes themselves is complemented by pink at the limb. This asarin is very fond of the high degree of humidity, and even providing it with such an environment, it is recommended to additionally arrange light shading.
Azarina antirritsvetkovaya - somewhat less tall - up to 1.2-1.5 meters on average (there is information about 2.5-meter specimens). With strong branching stems, it clings to objects with the help of twisting angularly heart-shaped, not pubescent leaves.
The flowers are characterized by a tubular bell-shaped form and a length of 1.5-3 cm. Single (in the leaf sinuses) or collected in small clusters (in the upper parts of the stems) they give the appearance of red, blue, white and other colors.
Azarina Barclay - a fast-growing view, reaching a length of 3.5 meters and increasing to a width of 2.5 meters. Foliage without pubescence and of the same shape as the previous species.
Flowers - overall tubes of 6-7 cm in length, painted in bright pink, purple or light purple shade (mouth - white). The species is even more often bred as a biennial plant, both in the garden and at home.
Azarina planting and care in the open field
In decorating vertical surfaces, asarins perform very well. They do not need expensive supports, the structural details of which will be hidden under a dense deciduous cover by the beginning of summer.
Certain species are well suited for the role of an ampelous plant, for example, asarine antirrice-flowering, the seedlings of which are fixed for these purposes on a 50-centimeter support. After the dimensions of the vines begin to exceed those of the structure, the latter can be removed, thereby allowing the sprouts to hang.
Azarins are grown in open ground, in containers, houses, but for what they are not suitable, so it is for cutting.
Planting of asarin in open ground is conducted on a well-lit area, protected from winds through. Support for the plant is required to pick up in advance so that by the time the planting of seedlings it was already available.
Kobeya is an interesting shrub that is also suitable for vertical gardening of the backyard plot. It is cultivated when planting and caring in the open field without much hassle, but several conditions of maintenance are necessary to know. Recommendations for the cultivation and care of this plant can be found in this article.
Soil for asarin
At the site preferably the predominance of loose, nutrient-rich, well-drained soil with a neutral acidity index.
In certain cases, it is also necessary to mulch it using peat.
The transplantation of young azarins is carried out together with the earthy clod - so the roots are not injured.
It is important to consider 3 things: the planting of several plants should not be made closer than 50 cm away from each other, and then you need to water the soil and mulch it.
In addition to fertilizers, the flowering and decorative form of the plant positively affects pinching shoots.
In general, the asarin branches can twist the support in any direction, and it is possible to form various figures from it, such as an arch or an arbor. Chur elongated shoots are recommended to be tied to the nodes of the lattice so that the first ones will not be damaged by strong wind.
The abundance of flowering is achieved by introducing phosphorus-potassium supplements and infusion of chicken manure into the ground every 7-10 days.
The flowering period in different species begins at different times and has a different duration. Azarina clinging blooms from June to autumn, subject to early sowing (it enters the time of flowering 4-5 months after planting).
Azarina reddish blooms from mid-summer to autumn when sown in February-March.
It is better to sow Azarin's antirrice-flowered in the middle of February, then it will bloom in the first weeks of June and will delight the gaze with a lush color before the onset of the early autumn frosts.
Azarina Barclay's flowering period is also long - it starts in the middle of summer and lasts until the autumn frosts.
For a normal wintering of two-year crops, they need to provide greenhouse conditions or move them to a glazed balcony or loggia.
In the resting phase, the stems will begin to lengthen, and therefore it is possible to acquire cuttings for reproduction.
Azarina lazuyushchy cultivation from seeds
Cultivation of the asarin by the seed method is a rather laborious process. This will take more than one week, and preparations should begin in January and February. As mentioned above, in this case, it may bloom in June, but if at the same time germination will be performed at least with the slightest delay, you will have to wait until next year.
For sowing, loose soil is needed, containing peat, sand, sod land and humus, previously heated for a few minutes in a microwave oven at the highest temperature. The substrate must first be cooled, then scattered into small boxes or pots, watered and pressed into it.
The temperature in the room where they will germinate should be 18-20, this process takes only 14 days, but for some varieties lasts a month. At the same time, attention should be paid to lighting and sowing density (it is best to sow each seed in a separate pot), since the lack of the first and excessive density can lead to diseases and death of seedlings.
In order to maintain a stable level of humidity, pots are covered with a film or placed in boxes with glass cover. Following the appearance of the first leaves you need to transplant seedlings into separate boxes and pinch off the tops, thereby contributing to the spreading and pomp of the plant in the future.
Planting seedlings of asarin in the ground
Landing in the ground can be done at the end of May, when the threat of the last spring frosts has passed, and before that it is recommended to take the plant outside for several days during the warmest period of the day.
Using cups of peat or foil for germination, you can protect the plant from damage to the root system when moving to the garden area, especially since the peat pot does not require removal.
Azarina climbing best develops in places that are closed from the rays of the scorching sun during the hottest hours of the day. In addition to the transplant rules described above, in this case also it does not hurt to feed the young liana with humus.
By the way, as a support it is better to choose not a thick pole or to pull the wire, securing it from above on some ledge. At the new place, the plant will take root in about 14 days.
Reproduction cuttings asarina climbing
Except as seeds, asarina lazyaschaya multiplies by cuttings. To do this, use sliced in the winter pieces of shoots, which are planted for rooting in the peat-sand mixture.
When the roots appear, the youngsters should be seated in separate pots, then, together with the stabilization of warm weather conditions, it is transferred to the open ground. Again, if standard pots are replaced with peat tablets, young plants will more easily tolerate the transplant process.
Diseases and pests
Azarins are generally considered hardy and resistant to pest attacks, however aphid they are still missing. If the liana was slightly affected, you can counteract the invasion of insects by applying onion peel, garlic and pine needles in the form of infusions. In cases of massive lesions, the plant is treated with insecticides.
Sometimes, in case of non-compliance with certain rules of germination (described earlier), seedlings become ill black leg. Then the stems with strong damage are removed, and other parts of the plant are treated with dissolved copper sulphate or manganese.
This type of asarin (Latin Asarina) was not accidentally called the name “climbing”: gardeners grow this flower as an arbor decoration, because it looks like a vine. Its branches reach a height of 7 meters. The leaves, like most plants, a bright green color, have a velvet coating. Single red or purple flowers are located along the entire length of the vine and have a tubular shape. Maurandia blooms mainly in summer. Small flower seeds are stored in a two-cell box.
Climbing asarina is the most common inhabitant of the gardens of the whole Asarina family. However, this plant has several varieties, the differences between which are only in the shade of flowers:
- Red Dragon - variety with bright red flowers,
- Mystic Rose has a reddish-pink tint
- "Sky Blue" - a flower with small small flowers,
- Bridges White has a white bloom,
- "Joan Lorain" different large purple flowers.
Each gardener can choose to his taste any type of climbing azarine to match the color and setting of his garden.
Growing from seed
Growing Maurandia is a simple but painstaking affair, like any occupation for a gardener. The whole process of planting is the same as that of any other seedlings of flowers, but there are still some nuances.
To prepare the seedlings, it is necessary to take the usual store soil, which must be mixed with sand and sod soil equally. Flower seeds are quite small, however, when planting between them, it is still necessary to maintain a distance. Some gardeners sprinkle seeds with sand, however, even without this procedure, seedlings are well raised. Pots with soil and seeds must be covered with a film, and after 2-3 weeks at a temperature of about + 20 ° C, you can wait for sprouts. После их появления необходимо снять пленку и оставить саженцы открытыми, периодически их поливая, однако без излишка воды, потому как растение еще очень слабо, и у основания саженца может появиться черная ножка.
Для этого вида растений предпочтительным является солнечное место, без сквозняков. If you have decided to disembark asarin in order to decorate the gazebo, then it is important to keep in mind that you will not be able to wrap it around from all sides - you need to choose the most sunny and less exposed to the wind.
The flower has a relatively small root system, so it is necessary to plant it is not very deep and at a small distance from each other (30 cm).
The preferred soil is any loose soil with good water circulation, because the plant does not like overflow. The plant needs a well-lit area, precisely in order to avoid excess moisture. To prepare the ideal landing site, it is enough to break through the soil and, if possible, add some sand.
Before landing in the ground should also be remembered that asarin support is necessary, because it must climb over them until it reaches a certain length, after which it can cling to the walls independently. The best option for the construction of such supports would be a metal mesh with medium holes or simply vertical wire.
Growing from cuttings
A less rare method of growing asarin is grafting. This requires strong healthy cuttings that should be planted in moistened sand and wait until they take root. After that, they should be placed in separate pots in loose soil.
Pots are important to put in a well-lit place.
Maurandia loves the sun, because the heat for the flower is not a big problem. Enough to provide it with the necessary amount of moisture.
This flower does not like excessive watering, however, and dry soil does not suit him either. In the summer, it will be enough to water the plant twice. The soil should be a little wet, there should be no puddles.
Humidity does not hurt the flower, so in the summer, in addition to watering, it is necessary to additionally spray the leaves from a spray bottle.
As soon as the plant blooms for the first time, it is necessary to begin additional feeding in the form of potash and phosphate mineral fertilizers.
To make a bush more voluminous and branched, it is necessary to pinch it properly. To do this, cut off some of the shoots, after which the plant will be forced to plant two instead of one shoot.
For greater convenience, the plant needs a garter, because it will be easier for him to cling and grow in length. Garter can be made with a regular cloth or thread.
Use in landscape design and combination with other plants
Azarina is a very bright plant, so it is not at all surprising that gardeners choose it for decorative purposes. Twisting the arbor, the flower with its variegated shades favorably distinguishes it against the background of a house, grass or trees. The richness of the types of flowers allows you to make a choice according to your taste, and also to choose the appropriate variety for your particular site.Maurandia combines perfectly with other plants, the main thing is that it does not overshadow other garden inhabitants with its appearance.
Difficulties in growing
Cultivation of Maurandia does not cause any particular difficulties; therefore, it can be done even by a novice gardener.
The most common problem is excessive moisture in a container with seedlings: it is very easy to overcome it - watering sprouts only when necessary.
Also common trouble is tying up the plant incorrectly, which can cause the top of the flower to fade. - This means that the garter for the trunk is too tight, and it must be urgently loosened.
Diseases and pests
Diseases of this flower are also not peculiar. The only threat to asarin is aphid, which is quite simple to recognize: it can be seen with the naked eye, and the leaves and flowers become deformed and dehydrated. The insect sucks the juice from the plant and harms the emergence of new healthy leaves and sprouts. If time does not get rid of infection, the flower will die. As a fight, an infusion of orange peel, garlic, onion or pine needles is perfect.
- 1. Listen to the article (soon)
- 2. Description
- 3. Growing from seed
- 3.1. Sowing
- 3.2. Seedling care
- 4. Landing
- 4.1. When to land
- 4.2. How to plant
- 5. Care
- 5.1. How to care
- 5.2. Pests and diseases
- 6. Types and varieties
Planting and care for asarina (in brief)
- Landing: sowing seeds for seedlings in February, planting seedlings in open ground in mid-May.
- Bloom: from late June to September.
- Lighting: bright sunlight in the morning, and from noon - diffused light or partial shade.
- The soil: loose, breathable, well-drained, neutral loamy soils.
- Watering: frequent and abundant, in heat and drought - twice a day, in the mornings and evenings.
- Top dressing: once in 7-10 days with a solution of mineral fertilizers with a predominant content of phosphorus and potassium. You can apply a solution of chicken manure.
- Reproduction: seed.
- Pests: aphid.
- Diseases: blackleg.
Azarina Laza - description
In the asarin of the climbing, there are highly branching stems reaching a length of 3 to 7 m. With the help of thin, twisting petioles, the stems cling to the support. The leaves of azarine are of a deep green color, small, bare or velvety, entire or jagged, rounded triangular, with a sharp top and heart-shaped at the base. Single large tubular axillary flowers of asarin are located along the entire stalk up to its top. Flowers are most often painted in purple, pink or purple, sometimes there are plants with flowers of white or yellow color, and even more rarely - two-color. Flowering begins in late June and ends in September. The fruit of the asarin is a box consisting of two cells filled with small, pointed seeds.
Sowing seeds of asarin.
Growing asarina lazuyuschey begins with sowing seeds for seedlings. In order for the plant to bloom in June, it is necessary to sow the seeds in winter, 10-12 weeks before planting seedlings into open ground. The composition of the substrate for asarin should consist of equal parts of peat, sand, leaf soil and humus. Before sowing, the soil is disinfected for 10 minutes in the microwave, turning it on at full capacity, and then spilled with a strong hot solution of potassium permanganate and left for a day.
The container is filled with a moist loose soil mixture, laid out on the surface of the seeds of azarins, pressed them, sprinkled them with a layer of calcined sand 5 mm thick and sprayed with a spray bottle. Crops are covered with film or glass and kept at a temperature of 15-20 ºC, daily removing the film for 2-3 hours for airing. If sprouts do not appear within a month, cups of crops are placed in the cold for four weeks, after which they are again transferred to heat.
Care for seedlings asarins.
After the emergence of shoots, the film is removed, and the crops are moved closer to the light. When seedlings develop 2-3 leaves, they dive into separate peat pots.
Planted plants need good lighting and regular watering, and 10 days after the picking, the seedlings are fed with a solution of a complex mineral fertilizer, for example, Ideal. After another two weeks, a solution of Agricola is added to the substrate. In the future, the quality of feedings will depend on the development of the plant: if the leaves are pale or small, it is desirable to add nitrogen to the substrate, and if the seedlings are stunted, then it will need potassium and phosphorus.
Before planting in open ground, seedlings are hardened for two weeks: they are taken out to the open air every day, gradually increasing the duration of the sessions until the seedlings are used to the conditions in which they are to grow.
When to land asarin.
Azarin is planted in open ground when the warm weather is finally established, that is, in the second half of May. Azarin flower is thermophilic, so it should be planted in places well lit and protected from drafts and cold wind. However, in the midday hours, when the sun is not warm, but it burns, asarin should be in partial shade. The soil for the plant is preferably loose, breathable and well drained. Azarin grows best on neutral loamy soils.
How to plant asarin.
For normal growth and development, asarin requires at least 60 cm² of area, therefore the holes for seedlings should be located at a distance of 60 cm from each other. When planting, you must immediately install the support - for this purpose, best fit stretched vertically metal wire or metal mesh with cells of medium size. As soon as the seedlings are accepted and stronger, they are tied to the supports.
How to care for asarina.
The moisture-loving asarin on hot summer days will have to be watered twice a day - in the mornings and evenings. It is also desirable at the same time to spray Azarina with warm boiled water. We will also have to loosen the ground around it and remove weeds. To reduce the loss of moisture and reduce the number of weeds, it is advisable to mulch the surface around the asarin with peat.
Care for asarina involves regular feeding. In order to ensure long flowering, from the moment the first flowers appear, it will be necessary to introduce mineral complexes with a predominant content of potassium and phosphorus into the soil once every 7-10 days. The plant responds well to a solution of chicken manure. For the same purpose, wilted flowers should be removed from the plant.
Pests and diseases of asarins.
During the seedling period, azarin may suffer from a fungal disease of the black leg, or root collar rot. The disease affects the plants from the moment the seeds germinate and until 2-3 leaves appear on them: the root collar of the diseased seedling darkens, a black constriction forms on it, after a few days the stem in this place softens, cracks, and the plant lies down. As soon as a disease is detected, it is necessary to immediately transplant all healthy seedlings into a new, decontaminated substrate, put them in heat and shake them from the sun. Add fungicide to water for irrigation - Maxim, Baktofit or Fitosporin in accordance with the instructions. The affected seedlings can no longer be saved - they must be disposed of.
The most dangerous pest of asarin is the aphid, a sucking insect that feeds on the plant sap. It sucks the juice from the stems, leaves, buds, flowers, and even from the kidneys, which causes all the ground organs to twist and deform. A black fungus settles on the sugary secretions of the aphid. Destroy aphids by treating the plant with insecticides — Fufanon, or Karbofos, Bankol, Akarin, or Aktellik. To defeat the pest, one treatment may not be enough, so after 7-10 days spraying the asarin with insecticide solution will have to be repeated.
Azarina Lazyaschaya (Asarina scandens).
Most often, azarina climbing (Asarina scandens = Asarina semperflorens = Usteria scandens) is grown in garden crops, the description of which we gave at the beginning of the article. The best varieties of this species are:
- – Bridges white - a plant with white flowers,
- – Joan lorain - variety with deep purple flowers,
- – Mystic Rose - variety with hot pink flowers,
- – Red Dragon - The flowers of this variety are blood red or scarlet,
- – Sky blue - a plant with blue flowers of medium size.
In addition to climbing lazar, in the gardens there are:
Azarin prostrate (Asarina procumbens = Antirrhinum asarina)
- a plant from the south-west of France and the north-east of Spain. In the culture most often grown variety of asarins of the outstretched Sierra Nevada - its fleecy shoots extend horizontally. Triangular, jagged, up to 6 cm long, light green leaves of plants of this species are attached to long pubescent cuttings. Tubular flowers up to 4 cm long are painted in soft yellow color. The plant can withstand short frosts down to -15 ºC,
Azarina antirritsvetkovaya (Asarina antirrhiniflora)
- shoots of this plant reach a length of from 1.5 to 2.5 m, its leaves are small, heart-shaped, flowers - elongated tubular bells up to 3 cm long, intense red, sky blue, white or light purple. The pharynx of the flowers is always spotted. Azarina antirritsvetkovaya blooms from early summer to frost,
Azarina Barclay (Asarina barclaiana)
- A branching vine is from Mexico, growing in length up to 3.5 m. Its leaves are heart-shaped with a sharp top, bell-shaped flowers up to 7 cm in length are painted in crimson, pink or purple, while the mouth is always light,
Azarina blushing (Asarina erubescens)
- creeping plant, the length of the branches of which can reach 3.5 m, and on the support it rises to a height of 120 cm. The leaves are velvety, heart-shaped, up to 8 cm long. Tubular flowers up to 7 cm in length are painted in a delicate pink color, the throat of flowers is white, spotted,
Description of the asarin
In southern latitudes azarin is a perennial liana, but here it is cultivated as an annual, less often as a biennial plant. It has thin branching stems, dark green velvety heart-shaped leaves and tubular five-petal flowers of white, pink, blue and violet color. Depending on the conditions, shoots grow from 3 to 5 meters per season, and sometimes even more. When sowing seeds in early spring flowering begins in July and lasts until the frost. In the place of the faded buds, small boxes with very small seeds are formed. Foliage petioles tend to twist and cling to any objects: supports, arbor walls, garden benches, stair rails by the porch, trees and shrubs growing nearby.
Classic climbing Azarin
Many other ornamental varieties of this plant are known, but it is azarina climbing that is the most popular among gardeners. Since the roots of the vines do not grow too deep into the soil, asarin can be grown in a container - in the summer outside, and with the onset of cold weather in the apartment. If the plant is provided with the correct light and humidity regime in the winter, it can be cultivated as a perennial. With proper care, this vine grows in one container for about 10-12 years, without losing its decorative qualities. It is usually propagated by seeds, but when grown in flowerpots, it is possible to propagate the plant with the help of cuttings that take root well in water.
Azarina lazyaschaya - decoration fence
It takes about 4 months from germination to flowering of azarina climbing, and therefore, in order to admire its wonderful flowers in the middle of summer, it is necessary to grow it in a seedling way. When sowing in the open ground, plants do not have time to find the desired decoration before the cold. The process of sowing and caring for seedlings is very simple and almost does not differ from the cultivation of other flower crops.
Sowing is done in February-March, depending on the region. To correctly determine the time of sowing, it should be noted that the seedlings cannot be planted in the ground until the threat of frost has passed. And overgrown plants are pulled out, they twist the pot around, make it difficult to transplant and adapt for longer. As a rule, the time interval between sowing seedlings and planting seedlings in open ground is about 10-12 weeks. Therefore, in the southern regions, seeds can be sown already in early February, in the central zone - two or two weeks later, and in more northern regions, the period from March 10 to March 20 is considered the optimal time for sowing.
Recommendations for sowing seeds of asarina climbing
Azarin can develop normally on any soil, even poor, but the more nutrients, the more sprouting the shoots grow. The most suitable soil composition for it is considered to be a mixture of garden soil with humus and sand.
The perfect combination is a mixture of two parts of sand, one part of humus and garden soil.
You can add peat for more looseness. All components are taken in equal parts, mixed and calcined in the oven for at least an hour, or spilled with a hot strong solution of potassium permanganate. A drainage layer is poured into the transfer boxes or cassettes, then filled with prepared earth.
As a rule, seeds are sown in pots without prior treatment. They are laid out on the wetted surface of the substrate and gently pressed. It is undesirable to distribute the seeds too thickly, since the seedlings will be cramped and the seedlings may get hurt when they pick them. It is not necessary to sprinkle the seeds, the main thing is to cover the boxes with glass and place them in a lighted warm place. At room temperature shoots are shown already in 10-14 days, maximum - three weeks.
Cover the container with film or glass
If there is very little seed, you need to take peat tablets for sowing. Using tweezers, seeds are distributed one by one to each tablet and sprinkled with calcined sand a little. It is convenient to use dry sphagnum moss: it is crushed with scissors, moistened, laid out in small cups, after which the seed of the liana is placed inside the moss clump. Cups also need to cover with glass or film before germination.
Sphagnum moss - light, clean, dry
As soon as the first shoots appear, the glass begins to be removed for ventilation for 1-2 hours every day.
Azarina climbing - sprout
After a week, the shelter can be removed completely, and the indoor temperature can be reduced to 16-17 degrees. All this time, the plants need additional lighting in the morning and evening hours, as well as in the afternoon in cloudy weather. Watering should be the most moderate, if only the substrate does not dry out, otherwise the seedlings are affected by the black leg.
Shoots of asarina climbing
Sometimes it happens that even after a month sprouts do not appear in pots, although moisture and heat are quite enough. Это может свидетельствовать либо о плохом качестве семян (слишком давние), либо о том, что они находятся в спящем состоянии.In the second case, “shock therapy” will help: the cups are cleaned in the fridge for 25-30 days, and then returned to the place. This is usually enough to seed the seeds and grow. Of course, this technique postpones the flowering period by more than a month, but you still have time to admire asarin in all its glory.
Azarin painfully reacts to damage to the roots when planting seedlings, adapts for a long time, and then begins to bloom. To avoid this, it is recommended to dive the seedlings into peat or paper pots, with which the seedlings will be planted in open ground. The pots are filled with the same substrate used for sowing. The pick takes place in the phase of 2-3 leaves: the seedlings are watered, carefully removed with a pair of tweezers from the ground and transplanted. If moss was used for germination, the plants are transplanted with it, increasing the size of the recess in the substrate.
7-10 days after the picking, the seedlings are fed for the first time with complex fertilizer. The room temperature during this period should be within 20 degrees, lighting - at least 12 hours a day. When the plants rise a little above the surface, and the leaf petioles begin to arch, you need to put a small support in each pot, for example, pieces of branches 10-15 cm long.
Tip! To the bushes were lush, with a large number of stems, after the formation of 4-5 true leaves pinch the top of the plant.
On warm, windless days, pots of seedlings should be put outside, accustoming the plants to the open air. First 3-4 hours are enough, then leave for the whole day. Outdoors, the substrate dries very quickly, so do not forget about watering.
Seedlings of asarin
Landing in open ground
With the onset of sustainable heat, you need to prepare a place for planting seedlings. Azarina belongs to the heat and light-loving cultures, and therefore the place for her is to choose a sunny, open, protected from the wind. In the extreme case, suitable area, which covers the first half of the day. Of great importance is the permeability of the soil, because the vine does not tolerate stagnant water. Best of all, it develops on light fertile loams.
Azarina Lazyaschaya loves space, and in thickened plantings withers and ceases to bloom. When planting seedlings, be sure to leave at least half a meter between plants. This also applies to growing in flowerpots: a capacity of 40-50 cm and a depth of at least 30 cm is necessary for one liana. After planting, the plants are watered, the soil is mulched with dry ground grass, sawdust or peat. In the first days, until the bushes do not adapt, it is necessary to establish protection over them in case of rain.
When the seedlings are touched to grow, they make another fertilizing with complex fertilizers. Further care is watering, loosening the soil and cleaning the weeds around the bush. When the first buds appear, potash and phosphate fertilizers are applied, and then such dressing is carried out regularly every 7 days during the flowering period.
Care for asarina lazuyuschaya
The flowers of asarin lazuyuschaya need support
First of all, you must immediately install a support, on which the shoots will trail. This will simplify the formation of the bush and care for him. As a support, metal and wooden grids, as well as grids with large cells are very convenient.
Azarina on the mesh support
Despite the abundance of green mass, shoots from the bush are not heavy, so you can take the props rather thin. In the heat of the vine, light shading is necessary, direct sunlight leaves burns on the leaves. If there is extreme heat and drought outside, watering should be twice a day - early in the morning and after sunset. In addition, in the evenings, it is recommended to spray the bushes with warm, settled water. Periodically bushes require sanitary pruning.
Periodically whip need to cut
Azarina climbing has a good resistance to disease, but often affected by aphids. The most effective means of combating this pest is spraying the shoots with an infusion of garlic, onion peel with needles or tansy that any florist can prepare on their own.
Plants against garden pests
If you want to transfer the plant from the flowerbed to the house, you need to cut off the shoots to 40-60 cm, remove all weak and damaged stems, and then carefully dig up the roots from the ground. This should be done in late October or a little earlier, depending on weather conditions. The roots, together with the earthy lump, are transferred into a spacious container, on the bottom of which drainage is laid, and sprinkled with fresh soil. After that, the bush is well watered and the container is placed somewhere in the house in the light, away from heating appliances and batteries.
Azarina climbing in pots
As a rule, in an apartment, the growth of asarina slows down, the leaves become shallow, and flowering does not occur so abundantly and for a long time as outdoors. And yet, the plant looks attractive, fresh, beautifully curls on the supports upwards. When in the spring you take it outside, the bush will quickly begin to form young shoots and grow. Just do not forget to regularly feed and water it in the winter.
Description of asarin, varietal variety
To decorate arbors, arches, terraces, you can use the little-known gardeners Azarina Climbing or Maurandia. For the first time this liana was seen in Mexico. In the wild nature of the tropical climate, it is a perennial herbaceous ampelous plant. The leaves of the asarin are heart-shaped, round and lanceolate, slightly pubescent and not pubescent. Flowers pyatilepestkovye tubular form. The petals of the corolla are painted in different colors:
The photo shows different varieties of vines with different color petals. Azarina can shoot shoots up to 5 meters or more. She has no antennae, like many vines, she does not wrap around the support stalk, asarina has long leaf stalks, which are wrapped around the support.
In temperate climates, several varieties of asarin are grown:
Features of seed reproduction, types of fertilizers, the frequency of feeding
Maurandia propagates by seed and grafting. Seed propagation is used for cultivation at home and for open ground. The difference in the timing of sowing seeds. For cultivation at home, seeds are sown in spring in April, for open ground in winter or early spring. For sowing seeds fit loose soil. For seed propagation, the soil can be prepared by yourself:
Soak the seeds in a potassium permanganate solution before sowing. Moisten the soil with water. Then sprinkle the seeds, the soil does not need to fall asleep. It is possible to cover the seeds a little with calcined sand. Capacity must be covered with glass or film and put on a sunny place. It is necessary to remove the coating every day for airing.
Council The seedlings of the asarins are thin and fragile; during transplantation, seedlings can be damaged. Therefore, do not pour a lot of seeds.
The first shoots will appear in 10-14 days. Some refuse to grow Maurandia because they cannot wait for germination. This sometimes happens. For better germination, place a box with crops in the cold for a month, then place it in a well-lit and warm place. Such a "shake-up" contributes to the rapid germination of seeds. Strengthen saplings dive and transplant in separate pots or pot.
The first feeding is carried out in two weeks, you can use fertilizer "Ideal". After another two weeks, apply the Agricola fertilizer or similar. When applying fertilizer carefully examine the condition of the plant. If the leaves are small, have a pale color, then there is not enough nitrogenous fertilizers. If the leaves are bright green, but the shoots grow slowly, feed the seedling with phosphate or potash fertilizer.
Features of care, frequency of watering
Azarina does not like cold, so they are planted in open ground when heat approaches. To make Maurandia bloom profusely, choose a planting bed from the south or east for planting. Before planting, loosen the soil, apply peat (if the soil is dense), lay drainage at the bottom of the hole. The first days after planting it is necessary to cover the seedlings so that they are accustomed to direct sunlight. Experienced gardeners know that any seedlings must be “hardened”. Care of a plant in an open ground is not difficult:
- loosen the ground
- remove weeds
- apply fertilizer.
Attention! For tillering and the formation of a larger number of shoots, and the investigator and more abundant flowering, it is necessary to pinch the tops of the shoots.
Watering is carried out depending on the natural conditions. While the roots are not strong, you need to water often and little by little. With a long drought, watering is carried out twice a day: in the morning and in the evening. Water should be warm and filtered.
Reproduction by cuttings, use in landscape design
Maurandia can be propagated by cuttings. When pruning shoots, do not throw away cuttings. Put them in water, after a while Azarin will take root. It remains only to plant in pots. The composition of the soil is the same as when sowing seeds.
Of the diseases of particular danger is the "black leg". For the prevention of seeds and soil treated with a solution of potassium permanganate. Copper sulfate is used for treatment. Aphids can harm the plant. You can get rid of it with proven folk remedies:
If aphids do not leave the plant, you can apply chemicals.
Flowering asarin resembles a fabulous plant. It is perfect for decorating arches, arbors. The main thing is to find a reliable support for the shoots. For this fit metal or plastic mesh. Perfectly combined different varieties of asarin. Plant a few different varieties along the fence, get not just a living, but a blooming hedge.
You can plant a vine on the balcony, and then the flowering shoots will fall down a multi-colored waterfall. Azarin does not need to be supplemented with other plants, it is self-sufficient in its magnificence. You can combine planting asarines and clematis.
Do not be afraid to experiment. Try to plant asarin on the plot. You will fall in love with this flower forever. Falling or stretching to the sun garlands of flowers of different shades will delight anyone. Flower care is not complicated.