Ismena represents the South American Amaryllic family. There are 10 of its common species, plus hybrid forms. Geographically, they grow in Peru and Ecuador. Natural, natural species are not found in Russia, while hybrids occupy a worthy place on the window sills and in greenhouses.
Description of the ismena hybrid
The first hybrid group is known as Ismene bent, inclined (lat. Ismene x deflexa) or in another variant, characteristic for Russian-speaking sources, Ismena festive (lat. Ismene x festalis).
The hybrid was obtained by crossing a long-leaf and narcissistic flowering (lat. Ismene longipetala + Ismene narcissiflora). It is very popular in indoor and garden floriculture, it is called "Peruvian daffodil" or "spider lily".
Belongs to deciduous-type onion perennials. The egg-shaped bulb is shrouded in a thin layer of light brown scales. Its average diameter is 10-12 cm. The elongated, up to 50-60 cm, dark green leaves with a width of 7 cm to 10 cm form a false straight-stalk. The formation of this type of stem is very characteristic of the representatives of the species and the change.
A single peduncle, naked without leaves, reaches 40 cm in length. On umbellate inflorescence develops from 3 to 6 flowers. Periantium (perianth) at the base has the form of a crown due to accrete stamens in the lower part and thin membranes between them. The diameter of the crown is about 5 cm. The crown itself is white, large, with a fringe around the edge.
Ismene festalis planting and care ismene festalis photos in the garden
Additionally, six petals are bent in the shape of a spider's foot. Yellow-orange anthers rise above the crown of the flower, which has a pleasant fragrant aroma. This hybrid is the basis for breeding work. A distinctive feature of the new variety Zwanenburg (Zwanenburg) is a rather large bush, whose height ranges from 80 cm - 90 cm. The flowers, whose crown diameter reaches 8-10 cm, are large and fragrant. Within 2 weeks, bloom is observed in the months of May and June. Seeds flower does not multiply due to its sterility.
When crossing, Ismene narcissiflora and Ismene amancae from Peru formed an interspecific hybrid Sulfur Queen (lat. Ismene hybrids Sulfur Queen ’). He has already gained popularity and went on sale. Its false stem is pronounced. The bush reaches a height of 60 cm. Fragrant flowers are similar to the flowers of narcissus. Petals - canary color, crown - rich yellow. At the bottom of the stamens are green stripes.
As the flower blooms, its color gradually brightens and turns to a boiling white color at exactly noon. Only the inside of the crown near the striped filaments is yellow. For this feature, the hybrid has received two more names: Golden Peruvian Narcissus (lat. Golden Peruvian Daffodil) and Sacred Lily of the Incas (lat. Sacred Inca Lily). In the description of the botanist, of English origin, William Herbert, dated 1837, this interspecific hybrid is called Ismene x spofforthiae. The name is unofficial, and the hybrid itself was not famous for its popularity.
Much later, when the brothers Van Tubergen in 1868 founded the company CG van Tubergen in the Netherlands to sell seeds and bulbs, samples were started for crossing different types and changes. The result of this experiment is the most beautiful hybrid varieties, including Sulfur Queen, which conquered the whole world.
Ismene and hymenocallis: so similar, but still different
The first sign of difference is the presence of a pseudostem in ismenia. It becomes noticeable even in a young plant. The leaves of hymenocallis grow in the shape of a rosette. At the time of flowering, the staminate filaments in ismene have a greenish color, which is not observed in representatives of hymenocallis.
The flowers in the inflorescence and the change are directed to the sides and slightly downward (a horizontal deviation of the pedicel from the axis of the peduncle is observed). Everything is different for hymenocallis, since the flowers are directed upwards, the pedicle is a bunch.
The optimum temperature for the growing season is +20 .. + 23 ° C. Given the dislike of plants to hot weather, when the temperature rises to +28 .. + 30 ° C, flowering bushes are transferred into the shade. Storing the bulbs during dormancy is recommended at a temperature of +12 .. + 14 ° С, but not lower than + 10 ° С in the same container where the flower was grown.
Ismene loves light very much. Therefore, keeping it indoors by the windows to the south will be very useful. But at the same time, one should not forget that in the hottest noon time (12 - 15 hours) it is better to touch it, covering the window with a mosquito net. Ghost plant is afraid of no less sweltering heat. Open windows, vents should always be.
The lack of light affects the appearance of the change. The bush becomes unnaturally elongated, the pseudostelle is long, sloping towards the light. The leaves turn pale yellow. Flowering inexpressive-scanty, frail. In such a situation, it is better to plant a flower in the garden, on the leeward side of fruit crops (shrubs). But the place should be sunny.
How to water
During growth and, especially, during the flowering period, the plant needs abundant watering. A dried crust on the surface of the soil will be a signal that watering is needed. During the storage period of the bulbs, watering is limited to 1 time per month and then slightly) at +15 .. + 17 ° С of the environment. If the temperature drops below + 15 ° C, watering is stopped. Regarding the humidity of the air, it is not sensitive to this parameter and it is not necessary to spray it.
There is a complex of special fertilizers and mineral additives for bulbous plants, which can be purchased in specialized stores. On the packaging manufacturer makes recommendations on the use of this type of fertilizer and mineral additives in different periods of the growing season of bulbous plants.
As for organic matter, during the period of the beginning of growth, it is possible to use it, diluting it in a lower concentration than for garden flowers. Top dressing with organics during flowering and after is not recommended. This time the bulb just matures. She does not need increased growth and nutrition.
How to transplant ismene in the home and outdoors
How to grow and change in room conditions Planting the bulbs in a pot
- To transplant a plant, you must first prepare the ground. To do this, take: turf and leaf land in the ratio of 2: 1, humus and sand in 1 part. Ismene prefers neutral soil. The bottom of a large, 5 or 7 liter pot is filled with a drainage layer of expanded clay or pebbles (in advance to provide openings for drainage of excess water). Then - the ground.
- A transplanting bulb is planted in a pot, sprinkled with earth for 3-5 cm. After a while, the bulb may become bare, which is undesirable. Exit from this position - powder from above with fresh soil.
If ismene planted in the garden, it must be remembered that the flower does not like neither acidic nor alkaline soils, nor strongly moist. Therefore, before planting in the ground, it is desirable to add compost. For airiness, sand, bark, straw are brought in - all that will not hold water in the soil and form a clod of earth. This is necessary to avoid its waterlogging. Ismene is a tall flower, with a strong and dense green mass, which is formed during the growing season, thanks to the optimal conditions created for its growth.
Planting outdoor storage and storage in winter
Ismene growing and care in the open field and at home Bulbs and change photos
During the storage of the bulbs, the ground should be dry (limited watering during the rest period). If the bulbs for some reason have been dug out, then they should be stored in boxes of sawdust. It is not recommended to trim the roots of the bulb during this period. Higher temperatures during dormancy will cause the bulbs to germinate early, which is undesirable. In the pre-prepared land you need to transplant and change in March. Roots try not to hurt. On the 3rd day after planting, watering of the land is resumed.
If ismena will be cultivated as a garden plant in the open field, you must prepare the bulbs in advance. To this end, from the end of March, the bulbs are kept in a room in which the temperature is maintained at +18 .. + 20 ° C. The creation of these conditions is necessary so that the bulbs independently emerge from dormancy and grow. Compost overwhelmed during the winter is added to the soil for planting and in the first decade of May the flowers are planted.
If the soil for planting is quite dry, then take the following actions: moisten the excavated hole strongly, pour in some sand (dry) or sawdust. In the hole prepared in such a way, they plant a bulb, level it with a layer of dry soil so that it is 2-3 cm higher from the head of the bulb.
Peduncle after flowering is cut. Over the summer, the bulb will grow well. It must be carefully dug before the onset of autumn frosts.
Even if it’s far from frost and the leaves are not yellowing yet, the end of September is considered the best time to prepare the bulbs for the winter period. Strengthened roots are trying to save. Infant babies do not touch until spring, leave with the mother bulb. The poured soil is not strongly shaken off and the tubers are immediately laid on a net basis (lattice). This is done so that the ground remaining on the roots can crumble. During drying, the leaves themselves turn yellow and dry.
Two weeks is enough (for drying) to go directly to the storage process. The leaves are cut, and the bulbs are placed in pots or boxes with dry sawdust.
How to propagate and change photos of kids
Child bulbs, which cling to the parent bulb, serve as material for reproduction and change. Since the seeds are bent and the change does not multiply, and the children are producing well, there are times that she does not let out the inflorescence, does not please her with flowering, but fills this gap with numerous offspring.
- The closer is planted and the change to the surface of the earth, the greater the likelihood that it will not bloom, but will bring posterity. To avoid this, plant a bulb deeper. But the land in this place once again do not overwet so as not to cause rotting of the bulb.
What is fake fake?
It is also called the Peruvian lily or the Peruvian daffodil for some similarities with these flowers. This is a perennial deciduous plant with a long (about 70 cm) peduncle, on which individual flowers develop with a core similar to a daffodil and thin side lobes. Most often they are white, pale pink or yellowish. Around the peduncle in ismene are bright green dense leaves, the length of which can reach 50 cm.
Ismene festalis can be grown both in open field and in large containers. Often this flower is used to create greenhouses.
Secrets of growing and changing festalis on the site
For landing it is necessary to choose a well-lit place. Then dig up not very deep holes, into which you should add humus and make a layer of coarse sand, and, if necessary, pour it with water.
Planting of bulbs is carried out only in May, until this time from the beginning of spring, they should be in a warm room. They should be buried by 2-3 cm. In the future, care for the flower will be in abundant watering and fertilization.
Ismene blooms in early June, after the flowers have dried, it is recommended to cut the flower spike. At the end of the summer, you need to finish watering and feeding, and in September dig up the bulbs with leaves and put them in the shade to dry. For the winter, they should be put in a cool room and put in small boxes. To preserve the moisture in them, the bulbs should be filled with coniferous sawdust.
Very often, in the shops of the bulb, ismeni (ismeni) are sold as early flower hymenocallis. This is not quite true, since they are both from the Amaryllis family, but they differ in their external structure and cultivation recommendations.
What a plant - ismena
In the wild, this exotic plant is found on the sea coasts of South America and the Antilles. There are several names for a bulbous: membrane flower, spider lily, Peruvian daffodil. All these names arose due to the unusual shape of white flowers.
Since the plant is thermophilic, year-round cultivation and changes in cool areas is possible only in containers. This bright flower will become an undoubted decoration of the garden on the windowsill. In the open ground Peruvian daffodil can be planted only in warm weather.
You can describe ismena as follows:
- Perennial bulbous plant with long, pointed leaves like all members of the Amaryllis family.
- The presence of a pseudostem is noticeable even in young specimens.
- Bulb with light brown scales has an ovoid shape. Its diameter is 10-12 cm.
- In height ismena reaches 80 cm.
Attention! In the cool areas of the middle belt of our continent in the rooms, gardens and greenhouses most often found a hybrid called Ismena Bent.
When growing ismeny required to comply with certain conditions. Only in this way the plant will feel well and, accordingly, will be able to please with abundant flowering. Illuminated flower should be very good. If it grows in a room, it’s best to place the pot on windows facing south. In this case, be sure to cover the leaves from the direct rays of the sun with a loose material, such as gauze or mosquito net.
When there is not enough light, the leaves of the change are drawn out and turn pale. Butonov at the same time formed a little. Optimum temperature indicators + 20 ... + 22 ° C. The flower does not like heat and stuffiness. When the temperature is abnormally high for it, growth and development stop, which affects the appearance.
During the rest period, the changes are left in the same pots and placed in a room with a temperature of +12 .. + 14 ° C. Grown in the open field and stored onions under similar conditions. The whole period they are not watered. Humid air is not required when growing, but it is not recommended to keep the plant near the elements of the heating system.
The composition of the soil lily-spider is not demanding. The only condition is excellent breathability. On dense areas of the bulbs rot.
Growing ismeny in the garden
Warming up the bulbs before planting in the soil has a positive effect on the formation of flowers. To this end, they are brought from storage to a warm room in the early spring. This is best done at the end of March.
In early May, you can plant flowers in the garden beds. To do this, dig holes, the depth of which should exceed the height of the bulb by 2-3 cm. It is not necessary to fill them with water. This is done only in the case when the spring is very dry.
Council To protect the bulb from rotting, it is better to lay the bottom of the planting fossa with a small layer of sand.
If there is a desire to achieve earlier flowering, the cultivation of the change can be started with planting in a pot. This should be done in the second half of March. When planting 1/3 of the bulb should remain above the ground. At the same time with the planting in open ground can be separated daughter bulb. They are planted for growing on a separate bed, the soil on which is mixed with sand and humus.
How to care for a Peruvian daffodil
There is nothing difficult in caring for ismena. In order for the flower to feel well and to please with lush color, it is enough to perform the following work:
- Watering. It is important to find a middle ground. With a lack of moisture leaves will wither, and with an excess will begin to turn yellow. In addition, when the bulbs get wet, they quickly rot. Avoiding such incidents will help arrangement when planting a good drainage.
- Crop. Flower stalks on large bulbs appear in June. Fragrant flowers open in turn, which ensures continuous flowering of the flowers for a couple of weeks. Immediately after the withering of the buds, the stalks are cut off.
- Feeding. The first fertilizer in the form of humus is applied when planting the bulbs. Then every 3 weeks feed the flower with a complex of minerals.
- Digging bulbs produced in September. You do not need to wait for the leaves to turn yellow. The plants extracted from the ground are laid out on the net for long-term drying. Gradually tear off the dried leaves. The roots do not touch.
- After removing all the leaves, the bulbs are stored in a dry, cool place, such as a cellar.
- The following spring, planting material is removed from storage and planted in the garden again.
Ismena is a very interesting and unusual flower. Having planted an onion, putting a minimum of effort and spending quite a bit of time, such beauty can be observed every season in your own garden.
General information about hymenocallis culture
This plant belongs to the well-known avid flower growers of the Amaryllis family, which gave the world a lot of ornamental species of flora. The range of the original and currently prevalent wild species of the genus Gimenokallis covers several large regions of the globe: the Antilles, South and North America. Произрастают они неизменно в тропических и субтропических районах, а именно – на речных и морских побережьях, в долинах, горах.
Гименокаллис удивителен. Из продолговатой крупной луковицы светло-коричневого оттенка развиваются желобчатые мягкие листья, имеющие заостренные концы, ремневидную форму и внушительную длину – более полуметра. Поздней осенью или в начале зимы растение обзаводится высокими цветоносами, увенчанными зонтичными соцветиями из 7-15 бутонов. The latter, opening up, turn into matchless flowers: delicate, delicate, with long twisting petals and a crown of accrete in the lower part of the stamens. Reproductive organs of hymenocallis are yellow or white. They are fragrant, and the fragrance is similar to that of vanilla.
Gimenokallis means “hymn of beauty”. Apparently, those who so called exot were in complete delight of his perfect appearance. Previously, the flower was known by another name: pancratium. The Dutch call it "Ismen." Generally, hymenocallis is one of the few indoor cultures, in the arsenal of which there are at least five different names invented by the people. The most common: Peruvian daffodil, Spider Lily, Bride's basket, Membrane flower, Angelic Trumpets.
During the growing season, the optimum temperature is 20-22 ° C, Ismene does not like heat, therefore flowering bushes at temperatures above 26-28 ° C are best to prune. During the rest period, Ismene bulbs are stored at 12-14 ° С (not lower than 10 ° С), in dryness, in the same pots that they were grown. It is permissible to dig out the bulbs and store them in smaller pots or boxes in sawdust, but at the same time you cannot touch the roots (cut or pick them off). Storage at a higher temperature disrupts the rest period and the bulbs may begin to germinate ahead of time. In March, Ismena can be transplanted into fresh land, trying not to injure the roots. 2-3 days after transplantation, you can resume watering.
If Ismene is planned to grow as a garden plant, then at the end of March the bulbs are moved to warmer conditions - optimally 18-20 ° C (not higher), and left until self-contained from dormancy. Planted in the ground in early May, mixing into the soil well-swollen compost. Water the bulb can not, if the soil is too dry, before planting you need to thoroughly shed the hole, then pour a layer of dry sand or sawdust and plant, sprinkled with dry earth 2-3 cm above the bulb. After flowering, spike should be cut. And from the second half of September, if the onion has grown up, even before the onset of frost, Ismene can be dug up for storage, even if the leaves did not begin to turn yellow. If the onions have not grown enough, you can wait until the first frost. Dig carefully so as not to damage the succulent roots. Formed during the summer kids with Ismene not break off (postpone reproduction in the spring). Soil shake off, how much will itself fall off (do not shake much). Lay on the side to dry on a grid or net - the ground from the roots will dry out and crumble. The leaves themselves begin to turn yellow and dry out. In about two weeks, the bulbs are ready to go for storage - dry leaves can be cut.
Ismene is very light-loving, they need a sunny place of southern orientation, but at the same time, light shading is necessary in the hottest hours. From about 12 to 15 o'clock it is better to cover the windows with a mosquito net. It is very hard Ismene, not just from the scorching sun, but from the stuffiness and heat. Therefore, do not forget to keep the windows open. If the light is not enough, the Ismene shrub is stretched, the pseudostem becomes indecently long, and leans towards the light, the leaves are whipped, pale or yellowish, the flowering is scarce. If this happens, it is more humane to plant the plant in the garden, in a sunny place, protected from the wind. For example, on the leeward side of fruit bushes.
Watering is abundant during the growing season - the soil should always be slightly wet inside the pot. Those. water should be as soon as the top layer of the earth has dried up. During the rest period, watering is very limited, depending on the storage temperature. If at a temperature of 15-17 ° C - approximately 1 time in 5-6 weeks little by little, at a lower temperature of 8-10 degrees we manage without irrigation.
Air humidity: Ismene resistant to dry air, does not require spraying.
Ismene is fed with a special fertilizer for bulbous plants, diluted at a concentration recommended by the manufacturer. Fertilizing begin as soon as the young leaves appear, and finish it when the plant fades. At the beginning of growth, fertilizing with organic matter, diluted in a lower concentration than for ordinary flowers, is possible. During flowering and after its termination, fertilizing with organic matter is impossible; the bulbs should mature and prepare for the next dormant period.
Soil for cultivating ismeni: from a mixture of 2 parts of turf, 1 part of leafy ground, 1 part of humus and 1 part of sand or vermiculite. Acidity of pH is close to neutral. Pots are usually large, 5-7 liters at the bottom of the desired drainage and large holes for water flow. When transplanting the Ismen bulbs, they are added dropwise with earth, buried by 3-5 cm. If the onion becomes bare in time, it should be mulched with fresh earth.
When planting Ismen in the garden there are no special requirements for the soil - these plants just do not like strongly alkaline and strongly acidic soils. Ismene is a vigorous plant that grows green mass well and quickly with the beginning of the growing season, therefore well-rotted compost is added to the hole during planting. But since the bulbs are very sensitive to waterlogging, the soil must be very air consuming. To do this, you can add sand, vermiculite, bark, straw, anything, to the ground, if only there is no dense sticky layer of earth after the rains.
Diseases and pests
Ismene can infect aphids, thrips, whitefly, do not squeamish this plant, especially in room conditions, scutes and whitefly. Against all pests, measure one: removal of colonies, larvae and excreta of pests with an alcohol solution using a cotton swab, watering with aktar or confidor.
Ismene bulbs, like any others, can be damaged by rot from excess moisture in the soil, if the weather is too rainy, with frequent watering or heavy clay soil.
Pest and disease control
Ismena festive ismene festalis photo Ismene x festalis planting and care
- Do not mind to settle on the leaves of the plant whitefly, aphid, scytvik, thrips.
- For growing in the premises and the name of the scourge become flaky and whitefly. Remove them with an alcohol solution with a cotton swab. Watered with such means as konfidor or aktar.
- If it is heavily watered, or if a flower planted in a garden is influenced by prolonged rainy weather, rot may develop. To avoid this, you need to create conditions so that the soil is not oversaturated with moisture.
Ismene is an ornamental plant, with a root in the form of a bulb, the birthplace of which is South Africa. Flowering ismene looks very unusual and looks something like a daffodil. Let us consider in more detail the flower and the changing of planting and care in the open field which will not cause difficulties even for a novice gardener.
Very often, the flower Ismene (Ismene Festalis) is mistaken for hymenocallis (Hymenocallis). Despite the fact that these plants belong to the same genus, this is not true. Plant species such as Caribbean, coastal, early, narcissus, cordifolia and tubiflora are species of hymenocallis.
Tips on breeding and changing at home
Child bulbs appear no earlier than four years of cultivation.
Planted in the garden children need in May. In winter, they stay on the mother bulb and feed at its expense. If we separate them earlier, then the onion daughters can not survive the winter - not enough strength. Child bulbs are planted in a pot with selected soil.
Reproduction is usually combined with transplant.
Seed multiplication is rarely used. But this is an unpopular way, since flowering begins in five years. Whereas in reproduction in the bulbous way, it takes 2-3 years until flowering.
Growing in the garden
It is possible to plant these flowers in the garden both in open ground and in a container, and the method of planting in a container is preferable, since in this way the plant grows faster.
If you choose the container method, then in March you need to place the bulbs in a container with loose soil and good drainage and place in a warm and lighted place until May.
To prolong flowering, plant flowers grown in containers with an interval (even if they were grown in one container). So bloom will delight all spring and summer.
In order to grow this plant in the open field, you need to dig up small holes and cover their bottom with humus. Do not completely bury the onion. The use of organic or mineral fertilizers is recommended.
Ismene and hymenocallis: what is the difference?
Despite the fact that they are often confused, the differences of one from the other are quite obvious.
- Origin. Gimenokallis comes from South America, mainly Ecuador and Peru, while Africa is the birthplace of Ismene.
- Psevdostebel. Formed from the remnants of dead leaves. Absent from hymenocallis.
- The direction of growth sockets. In hymenocallis, flowers grow upwards, and in ismene - downwards.
- Crown color. Ismen festalis has green stripes on the crown, it is always of the same color with hymenocallis.
Some biologists believe that the festival and hymenocallis is the same plant, but most still tend to think that these are different types of Amaryllis family. And it is believed that the change is derived from hymenocallis.
Ismen. Description and care
The plant Ismene (Ismene) or, as it is also called, "Peruvian Narcissus", belongs to the family Amaryllisaceae (Amaryllidaceae) and the genus Gimenokallis (Hymenocallis). An exotic bulbous perennial, whose flowers have a sweet vanilla flavor, has a life cycle of 3-4 years.
In nature, it grows in the western part of South America and the islands of the Caribbean Sea. The height of Ismena is about 60 cm. The plant has a bunch of bright green lanceolate leaves 40-60 cm long, which extend from the center.
In the period of growth forms several stems - peduncles, on which unique delicate flowers are located. Unusual flowers look like a lily or orchid, but the petals are not uniform. In the inflorescence, there are usually 4 - 6 white or pale yellow funnel-shaped flowers surrounded by a luxurious crown of 6 long, curved back narrow petals, therefore the perennial is also called the "Spider Lily".
Flowering lasts about two weeks and begins at the end of summer. The plant is thermophilic, so the bulbs are planted in spring in warm weather at the end of May. Ismena prefers a lot of sun and moderate watering. The soil should be well drained with the addition of sand, peat and humus.
After the end of flowering, watering is stopped, and the wilted leaves are cut. The bulbs are dug up before the first frost and dried well in the open air. It is important that the bulbous roots remain elastic during this process. After drying, they are stored in boxes with vermiculite or dry moss in a cool (10-15? C) place. As in the case of any members of the Amaryllis family, severe damage to the roots leads to cessation of flowering next year. It is spread by dividing the onions - children, in the spring every 3-4 years.
What is ismena (Peruvian daffodil, spider lily), cultivation ismeny
- Lyudmila Arefieva, Moscow: “I bought an ismenka bulb, but for some reason it did not bloom in my garden. I heard that these flowers need to be grown in a greenhouse. Is it so?"
- Ismen sometimes called Peruvian daffodil or Spider Lily. This bulbous plant is planted in the garden, grown on the windowsill, but it feels best in the greenhouse or winter garden. The reason why the sacrament may not bloom in the garden is the wrong choice of place for planting, the barren soil and the acquisition of not a full-fledged bulb, but children. Ismen - a magnificent ornamental plant, rather large, with leaves up to 50 cm long and peduncles up to 60 cm high. Most often trading companies offer bulbs with white flowersless common varieties with cream and pale yellow. Especially good varieties with light-green leaves and flowers, in the center of the petals of which passes a delicate green vein. Although each beautiful flower with a diameter of up to 15 cm lives only a few days, the total flowering can last more than a month, because up to 6 of them bloom on each peduncle, and the old peduncle bulbs may have several. There are two ways to grow this plant in the garden. The first - in open ground. To do this, choose a sunny, well-heated place with fertile soil. Under the conditions of the Moscow region, bulbs are planted in early May, covering the bed with a box of thick corrugated cardboard daily for the night. Planting depth is very shallow: there should be no more than 3 cm of soil above the bulb. But the planting pit is prepared large, be sure to put humus on the bottom, then under the bottom of the bulb a small layer of coarse sand. Ismen bloom in mid or late June. Water and feed the plant only until August, and in early September, dig, put in a pot with peat, which is entered into a cool room and watered very rarely, if only the roots did not dry out at all. Until February, the bulbs should be kept at a temperature of + 10 ° C. Second growing method - container, giving the best results. The bulbs in the middle of March are planted in containers with fertile, loose, moist soil. Containers should have good drainage. The bulbs should be planted so that the neck is slightly protruding above the soil. Containers put in a warm, well-lit place and watered. After 5 weeks, the bulbs will emit flower stems and form rosettes of leaves. To extend the charming flowering of flowers in the spring garden, it is better to plant the bulbs at different times, even in the same container. Can be planted 3-4 bulbs at weekly intervals. Store containers with bulbs at a temperature not higher than + 15 ° C. Please note that when properly stored Ismeny leaves must dry out, otherwise in the spring you will not wait for flowering. Like most bulbous plants, Ismena does not tolerate Russian winterstherefore, at the end of August, watering is stopped, the bulbs are dug out and removed for storage until next spring. Very important every two weeks, plants until August to feed the liquid complex fertilizer. If you bought small bulbs, they are unlikely to bloom, but with regular watering and fertilizing they quickly “grow thick” and will be ready for flowering next year.
How to distinguish close relatives of hymenocallis?
The main distinguishing feature of the plants of the genus Imene from representatives of the genus Hymenocallis is that they have a false stem that appears as a result of the annual withering away of the leaves (after all, the deciduous plant is different from the hymenocallis). The base of each dead leaf adds height to this “stem”, therefore the older the plant, the more noticeable it is.
Plants of the genus Ismene and hymenocallis have different shapes and directions of flowers. Ismene flowers resemble graceful carved bells and are located with a slight inclination. Hymenocallis inflorescences are composed of flowers, shaped like wide-open bindweed and directed upwards.
The carved crown of flowers and the change, formed by the fused bases of stamens, inside has greenish streaks resembling stripes. The crown of hymenocallis inflorescences is devoid of such strips.
Flower and change
Ismene is often called “Peruvian lily” or “Peruvian daffodil”, referring to their origin (high mountainous areas of Peru) and similar to daffodils, also belonging to the Amaryllis family. The genus ismenite is beautiful even when it does not have flowers (due to the large number wide, shiny, emerald green leaves, reaching half a meter in length). The height of the floral arrow during the flowering period can reach seventy centimeters. The flower arrows carry several buds wrapped in a common shell at once, having lost each of them into an amazingly beautiful flower consisting of half a dozen elongated petals and a graceful crown resembling a carved bell. Dyeing inflorescences The uniform does not differ in the richness of the color spectrum and is limited to white, pinkish and several shades of yellow. Most often, the newly opened inflorescences admire their immaculate whiteness, but over time, the color of the flower cups acquires additional color nuances.
Most often, the change is grown in greenhouses and greenhouses, but if desired, it can be planted in open ground, only the place should be sunny, well warmed, and the soil should be fertile. Gardeners use two methods of growing and changing in their gardens:
- In the open ground. In containers.
Cultivation and changes in open ground
Planting bulbs (with a depth of not more than 3 centimeters) is carried out in May. In the Moscow region and in central Russia, the newly planted onions for the night (right up to the first shoots) should be covered with boxes of corrugated cardboard. The landing pit is prepared as follows: first a layer of fertile humus is introduced, then a thin layer of large river sand (this will protect the bottom of the onions from rotting). The first flowers on the list appear in June.
Watering and feeding the flower are made only until the end of summer. In September, bulbs should be dug out and, placed in boxes with peat, brought into a cool room, watering only occasionally to prevent complete drying of the roots. The optimum temperature for keeping bulbs and changing (up to February) is 10 degrees.
Growing ismeni in containers
Этот способ предпочтительней, поскольку даёт садоводам больше возможностей получить хорошие и быстрые результаты, поскольку растение зацветёт уже весной.Луковички исмене высаживаются в хорошо дренированные ящички, наполненные рыхлым, плодородным, увлажнённым субстратом так, чтобы снаружи выступали лишь их шейки. Место, где стоят ящики, должно быть тёплым и ярко освещённым, а полив — регулярным и обильным.
Leaf rosettes will appear and flower shooters will be expelled five weeks later. In order to bloom and change to delight you throughout the spring, you can plant bulbs at intervals of one week (both in different containers and in one). Ismene needs regular (2 times a month) fertilizing with liquid fertilizer for flowering plants. At the end of summer, watering plants planted in containers begins to be reduced, and with the onset of cold weather they are brought into a cool room, the temperature of which does not exceed 15 degrees. In order for the flower and the change of time to fully relax and gain strength for the future flowering, it must completely lose the leaves.
Ismene festalis: landing and care
The most common variety of plants of the genus Imenmen is ismene festalis (by mistake it is also called hymenocallis festalis white), often referred to as the “spider lily” due to the lace openwork of the inflorescences. Their thin long petals are effectively twisted and give the inflorescence an attractive and some kind of surreal look. The floral arrows of this class bear up to half a dozen fragrant, dazzling white flowers, up to 15 centimeters in diameter.
The aroma of flowers usually increases with the onset of the evening. The spider lily bulbs are planted in the last decade of May, deepening them into the soil to a depth of 10 centimeters. Two months later (in August), this unusually beautiful garden hybrid begins to bloom abundantly. Care and festalis consists of regular watering and fertilizing with complex floral fertilizer.
The plant reacts sensitively to the quality of watering: when there is a lack of moisture, the leaves (quickly losing turgor) wilted, with an excess of them - turn yellow. The lack of lighting leads to the fact that the plant is stretched out and loses its decorative qualities. In the conditions of central Russia, the bulbs are dug out and sent for storage at the end of October. In warm regions it is enough to cover the area with wintering bulbs with an impressive layer of fallen leaves or peat.
Gimenokallis: growing in the garden
The name of the genus hymenocallis (which translates as “beautiful film”) directly indicates the unusual structure of flowers, which are a combination of narrow petals of a bizarre shape and an elegant “crown” that resembles the thinnest membrane formed by stamens fused at the base. Hymenocallis received a lot of poetic names: it is called the "basket of the bride", "angel's pipes" and even "spider lily". Gimenokallis is sometimes grown as a pot plant, but most often it is planted in open ground.
Hymenocallis bulbs (resembling a pear, covered with dry golden scales), intended for planting, are first germinated. Thanks to this simple procedure, the development of the plant is faster, and flowering occurs much earlier. Tare for germination should be small, onions in it up to half filled with moistened peat or sawdust.
In this case, in no case should water be allowed to stagnate so that the bulbs do not start to rot. Germination is best done in a room with air temperature not exceeding 15 degrees.
Gimenokallis: planting and care in the open field
Planting of germinated bulbs of hymenocallis is produced in the first decade of May, deepening them completely into the soil and falling asleep on top of a five-centimeter layer of soil. The first leaves will appear in about a month.
At this time, they should be protected from frost, because they very poorly tolerate temperature drops. Gimenocallis is very whimsical and capricious. It needs bright sunshine, light fertile soil and proper watering.
The lack of moisture in the soil can lead to the fact that the plant will not bloom, and an excess of water can provoke the rotting of the bulbs. Therefore, hymenocallis never watered under the root. For watering hymenocallis 10 centimeters from it make special grooves in which water should be poured. Hymenocallis does not tolerate organic dressing, it should not be planted in the soil fertilized with humus or manure: it can destroy the plant.
For fertilizing it is necessary to use complex fertilizers (with the content of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium), specially designed for flowering plants. During the period of active growth, complex fertilizers are applied to the soil at least four times.
Winter storage of hymenocallis bulbs
Gimenokallis will decorate the garden with its juicy bright greens almost to the very frost, so it is very important not to miss the moment and dig up its bulbs before the onset of cold weather. Some flower growers, digging hymenocallis, plant it in a pot and continue to grow as a houseplant on a well-lit window-sill. If the same hymenocallis is planned to be used as a garden plant, its bulbs are dried well and left for a while in a cool room, along with leaves and grown on it kids.
When the leaves naturally dry out, they are easily separated from the bulb, retired. Before storage, the onions are washed thoroughly, then dried (until the crust of outer flakes) and stored in a dry room at room temperature (preferably in plastic mesh boxes), like ordinary onions. It is not necessary to wrap and pour the onions.
The roots should not be removed from the bulbs: they perfectly tolerate 3-month wintering, while remaining flexible and fleshy. The best way to “dry” wintering is transferred to bulbs of Imene and Festalis varieties, the bulbs of other varieties of hymenocallis can be significantly reduced in size during dry storage, which often affects further development of plants. Some flower growers believe that the bulbs are best stored in cardboard boxes, sprinkled them with shavings, sawdust or dry sand. The holding bulbs should be periodically checked: at the slightest signs of pr They should be planted in the ground and brought into a warm room, taking care of a houseplant (this is the plant that is gynura, care at home is completely uncomplicated). In the spring of grown hymenocallis can be planted in open ground.
How does hymenocallis reproduce?
Gimenokallis is propagated by children, which begin to form on a bulb whose age is at least four years. When laying bulbs for winter storage, small children are not separated from the parent bulbs, as they continue to receive nourishment from it and gain strength. If too small daughter bulbs are separated immediately, they will not be able to release even one leaflet, which can provide nutrition to the future plant. Such an onion will simply freeze in the garden, without giving any signs of life. If hymenocallis does not give babies for a long time, it is propagated by dividing the onion into four parts.
Peruvian Daffodils. Ismene. Ismene.
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Rod Ismene botanists then secrete from the genus Hymenocallis (Hymenocallis) as an independent, then again included in it. Therefore, the species in question are known both as hymenocallis and as ismene, and English gardeners at one time simply called them - "Peruvian Daffodil" (Peruvian daffodils). The main distinguishing feature between ismene and hymenocallis is the presence of a false stem, which increases with the age of dead leaves, in the species and ismene.
In addition, they have a different arrangement of flowers in the inflorescence: in species and in the form of oblique, and in species of hymenocallis, the flowers are wide open and look up. The ismene inside the “crown” of a flower must have green stripes, which are never seen in hymenocallous species. Usually, a large enough plant is exchanged, its leaves reach 50 cm in length, and the peduncle can grow up to 70 cm in height.
Peduncles develop several flower buds, which are initially covered with a single sheath. After its rupture, flowers develop separately.
Each flower consists of 6 long narrow petals and a beautiful "crown" with jagged edges, formed by a membrane connecting the stamens. The color palette of flowers and the change is not rich and varies from white to light yellow, yellow or pinkish.
Usually, a newly bloomed flower is first snow-white, and as it withers, its color gradually acquires a yellowish tint. The most widespread Ismene narcissiflora (Ismene narcissiflora, H. narcissiflora), which in the domestic indoor floriculture got the name "Leathery narcissus". She is also known as ismen basket (Ismene calanthina) or basket hymenocallis (H. calanthina).
Her homeland is Mexico. The species was introduced to the culture in 1794. The outside of the plant is very similar to pancretion, but its leaves are lighter and softer. They are long, wide-slit, with a longitudinal groove.
The flowers are white, 4-7 on the peduncle, 13 -19 cm in diameter, with a pleasant aroma, not like the scent of other plants, visually similar to narcissus. The “crown” of the flower is funnel-shaped, dentate, about 5 cm long. The free parts of the filaments are short, bent.
Petals have a slight limb back. In conditions of temperature +16 ° C, flowers bloom at intervals of 1-2 days and bloom for 2-3 days each. This deciduous species is the main species used in hybridization.
Used for forcing. Ismene ‘Festalis’ (Ismene festalis, H. Festalis) - it is a garden hybrid of deciduous species Ismene narcissiflorafrom mexico andIsmene longipetala (Elisena longipetala) from Peru.
This flower is called "Spinlelie" (cobweb lily) for lace inflorescences and "Mexican Daffodil" (Mexican daffodil). At the top of each peduncle 45-60 cm in height there are up to 6 fragrant white flowers with a diameter of 10-15 cm. Its snow-white petals are longer than those of the “leathery narcissus” and are beautifully twisted back.
In the evening, the flowers exude a pleasant and unique fragrance. This is one of the most spectacular summer-flowering plants from the range of Dutch firms that supply us with planting material of bulbous plants. Another well-known garden hybrid Ismene'Sulfur Queen ’ (Ismene Spofforthiae ‘Sulfur Queen’).
It is a cross between a view with yellow flowers from Peru, Ismene amancaes, and Ismene. narcissiflorafrom mexico.
This wonderful plant combines: the simplicity of growing one parent and the unique yellow color of another, and its bright gray-yellow flowers with a green star in the center can simply flood the house with its sweet aroma. In the culture of this variety can also be found under the names Golden Peruvian Daffodil (golden peruvian daffodil), "Sacred Inca Lily" (sacred lily of the Incas).
Ismene care and its features.All these plants are deciduous, so in October they should be put to rest and stop watering. So they should rest until February at a temperature of + 10-15 ° C.
Then they are planted in pots in a new substrate and kept at a higher temperature. During the growing season, the plants are regularly fed and evenly watered. With insufficient watering, the leaves on the plant, losing the turgor, quickly lie down, and with a slight over-wetting - turn yellow.
Plants located in an insufficiently lit place are drawn out and lose their decorativeness. The flowers are changing in summer, in August. Usually, the flowers are grown as a greenhouse plant, but it can also grow in open ground in a sunny place. The bulbs are planted at the end of May at a depth of 12 cm, they are watered in dry weather.
Late autumn bulbs dug for winter storage. Propagated at dawn with daughter bulbs when transplanting. Even a photograph of these plants may cause the desire to certainly grow it to see the wonderful flowers alive and appreciate their fragrance..Photo 1. Ismene longipetala (Elisena longipetala)Photo 2. Ismene narcissifloraPhoto 4. Ismene ‘Sulfur Queen’
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An amazing plant that changes and grows and cares that require a competent approach from the owner, has come to our gardens from exotic countries with a hot climate. In the wild, it is found in the Antilles and North America. For life, the plant chooses valleys, mountains, sea and river banks in areas with a subtropical and tropical climate.
Ismene has many names. For example, in England, she was dubbed Spider Lily because of the similarity of the sprawling petals with spider legs. In Poland, the ismene is called the membrane flower, and the name “Peruvian daffodil” also exists in the people.
The plant is a perennial with large flowers, gathered in inflorescences in the form of umbrellas. Due to the fact that the long stamens are interconnected, the flower looks like a daffodil. The top of the stamens, where pollen is stored, is colored in a rich orange hue. Blossoms and change for two weeks, starting to show beauty with the arrival of summer.
Difference from the members of the genus Hymenocallis
Often, ignorant people confuse in ismene with representatives of the genus Hymenocallis. However, these plants have very specific differences. The first sign is that the imenmen have a pseudostem, which can be seen even in the young specimen. In hymenocallis leaves are in the form of rosettes.
Important. Ismene can be distinguished from hymenocallis by the color of the staminate filaments, which they have during active flowering. They are painted in a greenish tint.
Plants differ in the direction of growth of rosettes. At ismene, the peduncle deviates from the peduncle in a horizontal direction downward, due to which the flowers look to the sides and descend a little. The pedicle of hymenocallis is a bunch, the flowers are looking up.
Common species with photos
There are several varieties of change:
- coastal view. On a smooth peduncle an umbellate inflorescence consisting of white flowers rises. The leaves, similar to belts, are painted in an emerald shade. The flower consists of six narrow petals, fancifully curving,
- multi-colored coastal subspecies. On a solid erect stem, white flowers with a pleasant aroma are located. The leaves are colored dark green and are belt-shaped. The edges of the leaves are characterized by wide strips of gray-white color
- caribbean view. Characterized by a round bulb, narrow-lanceolate leaves, tapering towards the base. The inflorescence resembling an umbrella consists of six to twelve snow-white flowers.
- narcissus view. Leaves rich green color resemble swords. Flowers are large and yellow colored.
Planting and changing to open ground
Landing requires advance preparation. Before direct planting in the open ground, the bulbs must be germinated. They are placed in a small container and covered up to half with sawdust or peat. Be sure to monitor the soil moisture, since the stagnation of water has a detrimental effect on the plant.
Containers with flowers are left in a room with a temperature no higher than fifteen degrees. After the emergence of sprouts bulbs can be transferred to open ground. This time should be around the beginning of May.
First, pick a place with fertile soil, where a sufficient amount of sunlight falls. Dig pits of this size so that the planting material can be buried five centimeters. In early June, the first leaves will appear.
How the plant multiplies
Ismene is propagated with the help of babies appearing on adult bulbs that have reached the age of four years. During the preparation for the winter, small children are not separated from the mother bulbs, because they continue to eat at the expense of the adult specimen and gain strength.
Most often, the plant multiplies with the help of kids
Important! If you make a mistake and separate the little kids too early, they will not be able to independently give a single leaf that can feed an adult flower. This bulb will not show any signs of life, just staying in the ground on the garden.
Separate strong babies in the spring, during transplantation of an adult plant. Young bushes that grew out of them will bloom in the second or third year.
If the adult specimens do not give the children, they are propagated by dividing the bulb into four parts. In some cases, you can try to get flowers from seeds. Planting material is sown almost immediately upon receipt in containers. After five years, you can contemplate the first flowers in such plants.
Fight against diseases and pests
Ismene is considered to be a rather unpretentious plant that perfectly resists diseases. Diseases can occur as a result of improper care: too high temperatures, insufficient air humidity, overflow or underfilling.
The flower starts to hurt because of the wrong care
The plant is prone to anthracnose. The disease is determined by the presence of brown spots and black patches on the surface of the leaf plate. To save the plant, you need to take the following measures:
- remove damaged leaves
- make water less abundant
- process the plant with a fungicide,
- air out the apartment.
Если на луковице и листьях появляются красные пятна, значит, исмене поразил стаганоспор. Пока болезнь только начинается, поможет обработка раствором фундазола (два грамма средства растворяют в одном литре воды).
Если болезнь активно развивается, нужен другой подход. Готовят специальную смесь: на 300 мл воды добавляют 100 г мела, 5 г медного купороса и 10 г прилепителя. The resulting mixture is thoroughly mixed until it takes the consistency of sour cream, and it is treated with leaves, peduncles and bulbs.
Quite often, the change is affected by flakes and mealybugs.
One of the common diseases that affects ismenia is gray rot. It damages the bulb. With the help of a sharp knife, the rot is removed from the bulb, sprinkling the cut point with crushed charcoal. If the disease is in an advanced stage, the bulbs are disposed of.
Attention! Diseases attack and change with excessive soil moisture and low temperature.
Carry a threat to the defacement and mealybugs. These pests are washed from the plant with soapy water, and then the flower is treated with tincture of calendula or garlic.
Ismene is a beautiful exotic plant that will adorn any garden or windowsill. It requires attention and competent content, only then its owner will be able to enjoy the luxurious flowering and delicate aroma.
Features of growing
When grown indoors, in autumn, after the leaves die off, watering is stopped and stored for at least 3 months in a dark, dry place. Storage temperature should be + 10–12 ° С, and the soil is completely dry.
In mid-February, pots with spider lily bulbs are exposed to light and watered (rarely, with a small amount of water).
If everything is normal, then the first leaves appear in a month - one and a half. Until the first leaves appear, it should be watered extremely moderately to prevent the bulb from rotting.
As mentioned above, when grown in open ground, the bulbs of the Peruvian daffodil should be dug out in the fall and keep them in the room in the winter.
To speed up the growth process, the bulbs are germinated before planting in open ground. To do this, in mid-February, they are planted in small boxes and half filled with wet peat or sawdust. Pay special attention to the presence of drainage. From an overabundance of moisture of the ends of the bulbs quickly rot.
In order to prevent the soil mixture from drying out, the box can be placed in a plastic bag, occasionally removing it for ventilation. The optimal germination temperature is + 10–15 ° С.
In an open ground bulbs are planted in early April, without waiting for the appearance of green leaves. The onion is instilled so that it is 5-6 cm above the top of the soil. Leaves appear only in 2-4 weeks. They are sensitive to return frosts, but with a sufficient depth of planting they grow back.
When choosing a place for planting, one should remember that hymenocallis loves areas well illuminated by the sun and light, breathable soils. When planting it is better not to make manure and humus. It is enough to do this in the preparation of the site.
Watering and feeding
If your hymenocallis does not bloom and forms small bulbs, then most likely it suffers from drought. Waterlogging is also destructive for it - the leaves turn yellow, near the root collar they become watery and lie down, the bulb dies. That is why it can not be watered at the root.
For watering, I cut the grooves at a distance of 10–15 cm from the plants. If there are many plants, then plant them comfortably in rows with an interval of 50–60 cm between large bulbs. Children in a row are placed 15–20 cm apart.
Due to the rapid build-up of a large amount of green mass, plants need to be fed. I feed my Peruvian daffodils four times during the growing season. Moreover, the first dressing coincides with the landing, and the last dressing is performed in early August. I use the same complex fertilizer.
If not, ordinary fertilizers can be used. Then for the first dressings choose a mixture with a predominance of nitrogen and phosphorus. I spend the last top-dressing with fertilizer mixtures with a predominance of phosphorus and potassium. I bring fertilizers into the watering grooves, I loosen shallowly and water abundantly.
Hymenocallis is reproduced by children growing on the bottom around the adult bulb. Children are formed when the bulb reaches 3-4 years of age. Young bulbs babes do not form. In this regard, uterine bulbs need to be stored very carefully.