Honeysuckle unpretentious, hardy, tasty and very useful.
The only, perhaps, its disadvantage is that the berries ripen non-simultaneously and crumble if not picked in time. But it is possible that it will gradually disappear, since many varieties have already appeared, for which this is not typical.
And the task of modern breeders - honeysuckle varieties with a very early ripening period, a rich set of biologically active substances and the absence of shedding fruits.
The most common group of varieties of Siberian breeding. Breeders Institute of Horticultural Siberia them. MALisavenko (Barnaul) and the Bacharsky stronghold of the Altai Territory brought high-yielding varieties of honeysuckle, resistant to winter temperature fluctuations, in which a large number of P-active substances were found. Especially good varieties of honeysuckle Siberian breeding for the preparation of jams, compotes, juices, wine.
Also known varieties Berel, Gerda, Blue Spindle, Siberian and others.
Varieties of Leningrad selection
Received at Pavlovsk Experimental Station VIR. They are characterized by a compact dense crown, dense leaves and sweet berries.
Seaside varieties of edible honeysuckle
Varieties of the Far Eastern Experimental Station VNIIR named after N.I. Vavilov (Vladivostok) often ripen in the early stages and are prone to shedding. It is better not to use these varieties (Dolphin, Golubinka, Dawn, Zarnitsa and others) for central Russia due to frequent secondary flowering (in the case of a warm autumn), which leads to a decrease in yield and weakening of the plant.
According to the description of the characteristics
For convenience, we give a list of varieties of honeysuckle on the main characteristics:
SWEET VARIETIES: Altair, Amphora, Dessert, Lakomka, Nymph, Pavlovskaya, Slavyanka, Bullfinch, Souvenir.
HARVEST VARIETIES: Berel, Blue Spindle, Cinderella, Long Fruit, Ivushka, Kapel, Katyusha, Morena, Moscow, Narymskaya, Fire Opal, Salute, Selena, Siberian, Titmouse, Sirius, Violet.
EARLY VARIETIES: Berel, Viola, Sorceress, Blue spindle, Long-fruited, Cinderella, Morena, Blue-eyed, Bluebird, Tomichka.
Varieties with large fruits (weighing 1 g and above): Bazhovskaya, Sorceress, Long Fruit, Cinderella, Chosen One, Raisin, Lazurite, Swan, Lenita, Morena, Narymskaya, Nymph, Omega, Pavlovskaya, Sinelazka, Sibiryachka, Violet.
VARIETIES SUSTAINABLE FOR SPREADING FRUITS: Borel, Zest, Azure, Fire Opal, Omega, Nightingale, Roxana.
Honeysuckle edible (photos, varieties and their features)
When selecting planting material, keep in mind that one bush will not give a good harvest, group plantings of at least 3 different-sized bushes are necessary. The best pollinators are the varieties Slastena, Fianit and Berel. If there are no recommendations on pollinators in the description of honeysuckle varieties proposed below, you can choose them yourself:
- acquire simultaneously flowering varieties,
- be guided by the ripening period, do not take the bushes, soping simultaneously.
There are a lot of varieties, the choice of a sapling can be a difficult task, and in order not to get lost when buying, it is better to decide in advance on the most attractive options, and we will help you with this! All the necessary information about the varieties of edible honeysuckle, we have combined in the table, where in addition to the description you can see the photos. Also, for the convenience of searching, we have divided varieties by maturity.
Botanical description of edible honeysuckle
This is a perennial deciduous shrub with edible fruits, one or two meters high. The krone is dense, spherical in shape. The leaves are lanceolate, oblong, up to 7 cm long, pubescent with hairs, bright green on the outside and pale green on the inside. The flowers are located in the axils of the leaves, funnel-shaped and yellowish.
Honeysuckle blooms at the beginning of summer. Ripening in July, blue berries with juicy red-purple flesh, reach a length of one and a half centimeters. They can be used both fresh and in the form of various blanks.
The area of growth is Siberia, Altai, the Far East, China, Korea and Japan, namely, areas of riparian forests and river valleys, since the plant is very moisture-loving.
The content of nutrients
Honeysuckle edible - a magical storehouse of nutrients. Moreover, they are contained both in fruits ripening very early in comparison with other similar berry bushes, and in the bark, leaves and flowers of the plant.
Berries rich in vitamins A, B1, B9, P and C, as well as fructose, galactose and glucose. They contain a large amount of tannins and pectins. Honeysuckle is a source of valuable micro and macro elements, such as sodium, magnesium, calcium, phosphorus and potassium. Manganese, iodine, iron, silicon, copper and aluminum are also contained in its fruits. By the number of minerals, this plant is the leader among vegetables, berries and fruits.
- Substances contained in honeysuckle berries Beneficial effect on the cardiovascular system: normalize blood pressure, prevent vascular atherosclerosis, improving the permeability and elasticity of their walls. Fresh berries as a dietary supplement are used in the complex treatment of hypertension, anemia and bleeding of various origins.
- Daily intake of 50 g of juice or 100 g of honeysuckle fruit is the prevention of the development of glaucoma and strengthens the blood vessels of the eye.
- Broths of flowers and leaves of honeysuckle normalizes the gallbladder and liver, they have a beneficial effect on the gastrointestinal tract: they regulate gastric secretion, treat gastritis, tighten duodenal ulcers, stop diarrhea.
- Freshly prepared decoctions of leaves and twigs of honeysuckle are famous for their anti-inflammatory and antiseptic effect. This is an excellent eye wash for conjunctivitis, as well as proven gargling for sore throat, pharyngitis and laryngitis.
- This decoction is excellent immunostimulantand, accordingly, a good way to prevent viral infections and respiratory diseases. In the initial stages of these diseases, it can also be used as a diaphoretic and antipyretic agent.
- Honeysuckle berries of all varieties, having a blue color, contain a large number of anthocyanins, which are powerful antioxidants. They help cleanse the body of heavy metal compounds and free radicals, which makes it possible to increase metabolic processes, prolong youth and prevent cancer.
- In dermatology, decoctions of honeysuckle flowers have also found their use as wound care antiseptics and treatment of various skin dermatitis. In cosmetology, extracts from the fruits of honeysuckle are included in the compositions of anti-wrinkle creams and anti-puffiness products.
- A huge set of healing components of the plant made it the No. 1 remedy when restoring the body after considerable physical exertion and prolonged illness.
Drugs made from berries, flowers and leaves of edible honeysuckle practically have no contraindications and side effects. But in rare cases, some plant varieties can cause allergic reactions, diarrhea, or muscle spasm. That is why, before taking them, it is necessary to consult a doctor and be sure to follow the specified formula exactly.
Honeysuckle edible, numbering up to 200 varieties, quite unpretentious plant that does not require special care and certain conditions for growth. But in any case, in order for the shrub to settle down on your site and grow normally, you need to know how to do it correctly.
- Honeysuckle seedlings should be two or three years old, which will provide an opportunity to get the first good harvest in two years.
- Pay attention to the appearance of bushes. In healthy seedlings of any kind of branches flexible, not dried, having buds.
- The root system of the seedling must be sufficiently developed. The heavier and more dense the roots, the better.
- Buy three to five varieties of honeysuckle. This will make it possible to further improve the taste qualities of the berries, as the plants are cross-pollinated, as well as propagate themselves by cuttings or cuttings.
Planting and care
Start planting different varieties of honeysuckle should be in early autumn in September, when the root system is best adapts to new conditions. The first thing to do is to correctly determine the landing site. Edible honeysuckle is a light-loving plant, therefore there should be no shade on the plot. Despite the fact that bushes like moisture, excess of it is also undesirable. Places where groundwater or flooded lowlands are close to the surface are not suitable.
Bushes are planted in square holes, with a side of 0.4 m to a depth of half a meter, located one and a half meters from each other. First, a mixture of ash, superphosphate and compost is put into the well, then it is poured with water. After that, the center is carefully placed seedling. Should gently straighten the roots, fill with compost and zamulchirovat land around the seedling in order to avoid its drying. Pruning bushes after planting should not be - it will only delay their development. Seedlings will gradually gain strength, and after a couple of years they will begin to bear fruit.
Now you just have to care for the plants. In the spring it is necessary to apply organic fertilizers for each bush. In the period of flowering and fruiting for a better growth of edible honeysuckle it is necessary to water it with a nutrient mixture once a month (1 kg of ash is diluted in 1 bucket of water).
Pruning bushes of all varieties are usually made from six years of age. It should be cut only dried, broken branches. It is not allowed to cut off the tops of the shoots, which leads to a decrease in yield. It is recommended to thin the crown in the fall after bushes will drop leaves or in early spring. Rejuvenation of old honeysuckle bushes that have reached the age of 20 years is carried out by cutting off their lower branches at a height of half a meter from the ground.
Loosen the ground should be rarely and carefully, so as not to disturb the root system, located close to the surface of the soil, and in the hot season plenty of water (for each bush 1 bucket of water).
Diseases to which edible honeysuckle is extremely rarely applied include phytoviruses, spotting and powdery mildew. Bordeaux mixture well helps in the fight against them for any plant varieties.
All varieties of honeysuckle can be propagated in several ways: cuttings, layering, dividing the bushes and seeds.
The most common method is reproduction by cuttings. It is good in that it retains all the attributes of a plant variety. When flowering ends and the first ovary appears - most favorable time for grafting. For cuttings, a middle shoot (12–15 cm) with several buds is suitable.
Rooting cuttings produced in a greenhouse under the film. They are planted at a slight slope. A sand-peat mixture (3: 1) is put in the wells. You can also grow cuttings in peat pots, which makes it possible, if necessary, to conveniently transport and sell seedlings. After two years, cuttings can be transplanted into open ground.
Reproduction of honeysuckle edible layering is preferably carried out in late April. Annual shoots are pressed to the ground and covered with earth mixed with humus. In late autumn, when the shoots there are already roots, they can be transplanted to a new place.
The method of dividing the bushes is suitable for plants aged 3–5 years. The bush is dug out without damaging the roots, carefully divided into separate parts and planted in a new place, observing the same rules as when planting seedlings.
Reproduction of honeysuckle edible seeds, usually used for breeding purposes. Ripe fruits are crushed, the flesh is placed on sheets of blotting paper before drying, and then the seeds are separated. In March-April, seeds, pre-soaked, sown in small boxes with prepared nutrient mixture. They are placed in greenhouses or covered with a film, regularly watering the soil. Shoots will hatch in 35–45 days. In early autumn, they are allowed to land in the ground.
The best, proven varieties of edible honeysuckle
The earliest berries that appear in the garden are the fruits of edible honeysuckle. Since the plant has cross-pollination, for a good harvest should be planted honeysuckle several varieties. The plant adapts well to different climatic conditions, which makes it possible to choose varieties for any region.
Popular varieties of edible honeysuckle
- Variety "Vasyuganskaya." Plants of this variety are a half-tree - half-cropped. They are very resistant to severe frosts and frost in the spring during flowering. Dark blue berries without bitterness, sweet-sour in taste, covered with a waxy coating and reach a weight of up to 1g. The fruits ripen early enough and quickly, which is an undoubted advantage of this variety. Sapibility is average. Productivity to 5 kg.
- Variety "Zarnitsa." Shrubs are extraordinarily beautiful, sprawling, hemispherical in shape. This variety tolerates frost and drought. The branches in the period of ripening are densely dotted with berries of a slightly sour-sweet tart taste, which practically do not crumble. The yield of the fruit of this variety is about 2 kg.
- Variety "Ivushka." Low bushes of spherical shape with spreading branches, one and a half meters tall. The variety is quite drought resistant, easy adapts to any soil and tolerates spring frosts up to 6–8 degrees. The berries are dark blue in color, sourish to taste due to the high content of vitamin C. Dropsiness is very weak. The advantages of this variety include skoroplodnost and high yield, reaching up to 3.5 kg.
- Variety "Pavlovskaya." Shrubs are back-conical in shape, reaching a height of 1.7 meters. This is one of the varieties that tolerates any adverse conditions well and has the highest degree of winter hardiness. Moreover, this honeysuckle variety has an average degree of maturation and is not very high yield (about 2 kg), it has undoubted advantages. This is primarily the size and taste of the fruit. The berries are dark bluish color, 3 cm long and weighing 1.3 g have a delicious aroma and sweet-sour dessert taste.
- Variety "Nymph". Small bushes of a rounded shape reach a height of one and a half meters and have a high frost resistance. The time of ripening and shedding average. The berries are dark blue in color, oblong fusiform about 2 cm in length. The peculiarity of the berries of this variety is dessert sweet taste and strong pleasant aroma. Productivity to 3 kg.
How to use honeysuckle
- Decoction. To prepare the broth, honeysuckle raw materials are thoroughly crushed, filled with water (1:10) and boiled for half an hour in a water bath. Give the broth to cool slightly and filter. Take 100 g before meals at least three times a day.
- The juice. If there is no juicer and juice cooker, the juice from the honeysuckle berries of different varieties is prepared as follows: 1 kg of ripe fruits should be picked, washed and slightly crushed. The resulting mass should be placed in an enamel container, add a glass of water and boil for a quarter of an hour. After using a press or rubbing through a sieve, separate the juice, pour into banks and sterilize.
- Jam. The most delicious and fragrant jam comes from the berries of sweet and sour varieties. It is necessary to select ripe, unspoiled berries, with a strong skin. Proportion: berries and sugar 1: 1 and a glass of water. Enumerated, washed fruits are placed in an enamel container, sugar syrup is boiled separately and berries are poured over them for 4 hours. After that, the first boil the jam for 5 minutes, bringing to a boil. Then set aside for 4-7 hours. The cooled jam is boiled again until cooked.
- Frozen Honeysuckle. At the first stage of freezing the berries should be thoroughly washed, while removing the leaves and stalks. Then the berries are laid out in small containers with a layer of 2 cm and put in the refrigerator for 2 hours to cool. In the second stage, the berries are packaged in plastic bags, firmly tied and put in the freezer. In this form, any sort of honeysuckle perfectly preserved until next summer, retaining all its useful properties.
- Dried Honeysuckle. Berries of different varieties of honeysuckle can be dried, and do it in two versions. The first is drying the fruit in the sun. The berries are laid out on a flat surface, covered with cotton cloth or paper, and dried in the sun for no more than 15 days. The second is drying the berries in the oven (temperature 60 degrees). Berries are laid out on baking sheets and placed in the oven for 12-14 hours. In winter, decoctions, fruit drinks, compotes and jellies are made from dried fruits.
You yourself are now convinced that edible honeysuckle is amazing berrythat came to us from the northern edges. Want to have Siberian health and longevity - plant different varieties of honeysuckle in your backyard. You will not only have on hand an extraordinary plant - a healer, but also enjoy the exquisite taste of its fruits!
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Жимолость съедобная – не только полезное растение, которое способно дать богатый урожай вкусных ягод, но и яркое украшение весеннего сада. Давайте посмотрим, каким сортам жимолости стоит отдать предпочтение.
Руководствуясь мнением опытных садоводов, мы отобрали десятку лучших сортов. Пусть по декоративным качествам эти кустарники иногда могут уступать другим видам и сортам жимолости, но в первую очередь они славятся хорошей урожайностью, зимостойкостью и неприхотливостью.
In the list, varieties are not ranked by popularity (they are all held in high esteem by gardeners), but alphabetically.
This early ripe variety has already managed to catch the fancy of many gardeners due to its resistance to cold, common diseases and pests. Tasty and sweet berries (blue-blue with a waxy bloom) ripen on a bush with a thick and squat crown in mid-June and do not crumble for a long time. Therefore, Altair is great for people who come to the country no more than once a month. After all, even fully ripe berries are stored on the plant until you collect them.
To date, there are more than 100 species of honeysuckle. The fruits of almost all of them are inedible, and some are poisonous. So, eating berries of honeysuckle ordinary (Lonicera xylosteum), widespread in the forests of our country, can be fatal.
The fruits of honeysuckle are very poisonous.
In Russia and the CIS countries, only one species of this plant with edible berries is cultivated - honeysuckle blue or blue (Lonícera caeruléa). It is a deciduous shrub in height from 1 to 2 m with blue-black oblong berries, the taste of which resembles blueberries. In the wild, honeysuckle of this species is most common in East Asia.
Video: Honeysuckle - Guest from the Far East
The daughter of the giant was bred in 2009 by specialists from the Bakcharky stronghold of northern horticulture. Today, this variety is one of the most large-fruited. The length of the berries can reach 6 cm, and the weight - 2.5–3 g. The ripening of fruits is rather extended in time and covers the period from the end of June to the middle of July.
Berries Daughters of a giant are much larger than the fruits of most varieties of honeysuckle
Also among the advantages of the Daughter of a giant are:
- high yield (from 3.5 to 5 kg per plant),
- sweet and sour taste
- fruits are not showered
- dry separation of berries
- excellent transportability of fruits,
- resistance to low temperature and lack of moisture, diseases, pests.
The daughter of a giant is a large, beautiful berry, it ripens later in other varieties, the skin is denser than that of Bakchar's giant, the taste is more pleasant.
The newest selection of breeding Kamchatka Research Institute of Agriculture. Sweetheart fully justifies its name. Its fruits contain 13.3% sugar and 1.8% acid. Characteristic features of this variety are:
- violet with a strong wax coating the color of fruits of almost regular cylindrical shape,
- small size of berries (maximum weight about 1.5 g),
- sweet-sour taste of pulp with pronounced aroma,
- high yield
- early ripeness (in the conditions of the Moscow region the fruits ripen in mid-June),
- resistance to low temperature and disease.
What is a plant and how it is used in landscape design
Honeysuckle plant is in demand among gardeners and is effective in landscape design. This is due to the fact that the greens are erect shrubs or creeping branches. They can grow berries of red or bluish shade, and the tone of the flowers differs depending on the plant variety. At the same time there are edible and inedible species that should be considered when choosing a honeysuckle for the garden.
Honeysuckle with bright flowers decorates the fence and garden
The bright greens of climbing and other plant species are complemented by pink, yellowish, white, or blue flowers arranged in pairs. The corolla has an irregular shape and is divided into five lobes. Thus, the shrub buds look magnificent and are a noticeable detail on the site.
Curly varieties are in demand for landscape design, but they require a support about 2 m high. If the part is larger, the branches will not climb higher and their length can reach 5-6 m. At the same time, they easily twist everything around and therefore such varieties are optimal for decoration arbors, canopies, but best of all grow in a warm climate.
A hedge with curly honeysuckle looks unusual and beautiful
For central Russia, shrub plants that are resistant to cold are often chosen. The height of such varieties does not exceed 2.5 m, and they bloom in May. Greens of bright color and a variety of shades of buds make the bushes a spectacular decoration of the garden. Such plant variants are best planted in a sunny area.
Honeysuckle bushes take up a lot of space and for them it is worth allocating enough space
All types of honeysuckle bloom beautiful and lush buds. When selecting, consider the purpose of the site where the bush will grow. For example, options for the playground with edible berries are safe. Distant parts of the garden should be arranged varieties with bright flowers, but inedible fruits. Thus, the selection of plants is carried out not only from an aesthetic point of view, but also taking into account the purpose of the site, safety and comfort.
Characteristics of the species
Honeysuckle can grow up to 5 m in height and is a common plant when developing a landscape design garden or plot. This is due to the beautiful clusters of inflorescences, curly or bushy form, bright greens and the ability to control the growth of bushes and branches.
For the design of the site are optimal decorative options for honeysuckle. The curly ones are especially effective, but the bushes also look magnificent. In any case, all options for decoration are characterized by the following features:
- abundant bloom in spring and summer
- pronounced pleasant aroma of flowers
- the possibility of making any form by cutting branches,
- fruits of an unusual blue color
- good plasticity of the plant
- simple care.
Greens grown for decorative purposes need regular pruning, which allows you to control the growth, shape and direction of the branches. Thanks to this, perennial curly or shrub honeysuckle will beautifully complement the design of the site.
Ornamental plants help to arrange arches, arbors, sheds in the garden
Honeysuckle with edible fruits is a good combination of the beauty of the plant and the benefits of berries. This option is appropriate in any garden, because bright flowers will decorate the site, and at the end of the summer they will collect tasty fruits. It is necessary to place the bushes so that it was convenient to reach the branches to pick berries. For example, plants can be planted near the gazebo or next to other fruiting bushes.
The properties and characteristics of growing this plant are expressed in the following:
- the beginning of flowering occurs in late May or the first half of June,
- blue berries are rich in vitamins, but they can not be consumed too much,
- the crown has a spherical shape, and the height of a plant can range from 2–2.5 m,
- for growing requires a sunny place in the garden,
- planting is carried out in early autumn, and honeysuckle grows in different climatic conditions.
The presence of honeysuckle on the site with edible fruits is optimal if there are children. Useful fruits have an oval irregular shape and a bluish or almost black color. It is important to remember that red and orange berries are dangerous and poisonous, they can not be taken in food. This feature is important when choosing a variety of any fruitful honeysuckle.
The blue fruits of honeysuckle are edible and healthy.
The choice of one or another option is based on many factors, but if the priority is the design of the site, then it is important to consider the location of the plant. At the same time, optimal conditions should be ensured in which the greens will actively grow, and the buds will be as bright and fragrant as possible.
The best varieties of edible honeysuckle with photos and descriptions
If the site is planned planting and growing plants with edible fruits, then you should know the features of the most common species. This will allow you to choose the ideal option, taking into account the decorative and useful qualities.
The gardeners demand the following varieties of honeysuckle, the fruits of which can be eaten:
- The Vasyuganskaya plant species is a tall and strong shrub resistant to light or strong frosts that occur during spring flowering. The berries of dark blue color have a sweet-sour taste, and in the process of ripening they fall off only in a small amount. Up to 5 kg of fruits can be harvested from a single tree.
Fruits of Vasyugan honeysuckle have a weight of about 1 gr.
Berries with a pleasant taste make honeycombs Cinderella in demand
The irregular shape of the nymph variety distinguishes this kind of honeysuckle.
Honeysuckle Kamchadalka is characterized by simple care when growing
The blue berries of Amphora have a sour taste.
Large berries differ juicy pulp
High fruiting characterizes sweets
Blue berries resistant to pests
Juicy berries have a pleasant aroma and are rich in vitamins.
Bushy varieties of honeysuckle are a common option for decoration and obtaining a tasty harvest. Shrubs are quite compact, but look spectacular on the site. However, they do not require special care.
Popular types of decorative honeysuckle
Ornaments in the garden can serve plants of the winding type, which also have sweet fruits. Shrub varieties with orange or red inedible fruits are popular in landscape design. Among those or other species there are several popular varieties.
Characteristics of decorative options for honeysuckle:
- Decorative varieties include the Blue Bird variety, which is characterized by bright greens, miniature sizes, up to 1 m high, and unpretentious care. Obtaining fruits is possible only if there are several shrubs of self-pollinated varieties of honeysuckle. Therefore, Blue Bird can be used as a decoration for a plot, if necessary.
Growing honeysuckle is possible without fruit
Morena bushes can be used as a garden decoration or for berries
Oval blue berries effectively decorate the bushes
Fruits fall off quickly when ripe
Large berries are juicy and have a rich color
Caprifol is convenient for decorating arbors
All decorative options have an elegant bush shape or are characterized by beautiful weaving around supports. Lanceolate green leaves contrast with bright fruits and make honeysuckle a good garden decoration.
Reviews of the most popular varieties
I have 2 varieties of “Blue Spindle” and “Cinderella”, they are already 19 years old, and I planted a third grade between them 2 years ago, but I forgot the name. Since there were no berries that year, because the honeysuckle bloomed in January, this is a big harvest of berries. I like fresh berries, especially for a small bitterness, I make jam that looks like blueberry.
I breed my honeysuckle by cutting. And in large quantities, because on my varieties in the city and the area I have a turn. The survival rate of cuttings is 95%. Berel with a light bitter zesty. Kamchadalka and Gerda are sweet. This is all that is in my collection from the presented list. I also have Cinderella (the sweetest), Teterevskaya, Chernichka, Roxana, Bee, Fire Opal, Azure, Turchaninova, Filippovskaya, Blue Spindle All very sweet, even without signs of bitterness.
3 years ago I planted 3 berel honeysuckle bushes and one Gerda. Gerda has not yet been bearing fruit, and Berel convinced me - what is needed! Despite the miniature size of bushes, they began to produce in the year of planting. Just a little, about a third to half a glass, but still! Winter-hardy, good taste - bitter slightly bitterly - such piquancy in taste, the berries do not crumble. I’ll not say anything about Gerda, but when I bought she was guided by the fact that she tolerates Siberian frosts and the taste of berries - also without bitterness. Hope to try this year.
I grow nine varieties of honeysuckle, two old shrubs of unknown varieties, small-fruited, candidates for raskorchevku. But 7 large-fruited Bakchar varieties are good. These are Bakcharskaya Jubilee, Bakcharsky Giant, Daughter of the Giant, Siberian, Yugan, Silginka and Delight. My climate in the lower Volga region is very hot, last summer it was up to +47 in the shade, all the bushes withstood the heat, but the vegetation stopped. The berry ripens early, before the early strawberries, the taste for the earliest berries is not bad. At first grandsons are grazed, then they switch to strawberries, the wife collects berries and freezes, makes raw jam and adds assorted jam to jam. Bushes fourth year, height to meter. Honeysuckle in my conditions is a very slow growing culture.
Honeysuckle is most popular as a source of delicious berries. If you want to decorate the site, the spectacular climbing varieties. In any case, it is important to choose an option depending on the region and taking into account the particularities of caring for the plant.
Honeysuckle for the Moscow region and the middle band
In the Moscow region and in other regions of the middle zone, honeysuckle often suffers from repeated autumn flowering, which significantly weakens the plant and prevents a successful wintering and abundant fruiting in the next season. The main reason for this is the warm weather in September and October. The varieties of Moscow breeding are particularly resistant to repeated flowering:
- Gzhel early
- Moscow 23,
The yield champion among them is the Moscow 23 variety, from one bush of which up to 4 kg of sweet, slightly tart berries can be harvested. They usually ripen in the first half of June. Fruits need to be collected on time, otherwise they will begin to crumble.
Berry variety 23 Moscow weighs about 1 g
Gardeners who prefer sweet berries choose Kingfisher. In taste of fruits of this grade bitterness is practically absent. Among other advantages:
- yield is above average,
- resistance to severe frosts and pests,
- berries are not showered.
Varieties cultivated in Belarus
By its climatic conditions, Belarus is very similar to the North-Western region of Russia, therefore, honeysuckle varieties that are cultivated in the Leningrad region feel excellent here. In addition, the breeders of this country do not stop work on the creation of their own varieties. In 2007, they cultivated a variety of Zinri, distinguished by an early harvest period (June 3–9).
Other features of the Zinri variety:
- Excellent sweet taste with a refreshing scent.
- quite high yield (up to 3 kg per plant),
- resistance to low temperature and fungal diseases,
- low degree of fall of fruits.
Berries varieties Zinri have the shape of a barrel
Honeysuckle for Ukraine and southern regions of Russia
Honeysuckle growing in Ukraine and in the south of Russia, is suffering from a hot and dry summer. Harvesting a good crop in these conditions is almost impossible. Also, with a lack of water, the fruits of many varieties acquire strong bitterness. A pleasant exception to this rule is Silginka. It is quite easy to tolerate strong heat and prolonged lack of rain.
Experts of the State Commission of Ukraine for Testing and Protecting Plant Varieties recommend two varieties of honeysuckle for planting in the gardens of Poltava, Sumy and Kharkiv regions:
- Bogdana Fruitful, unwilling to shatter variety. The fruits ripen in the last decade of May and have a dessert sweet taste,
- Violet. The average yield is slightly less than 2 kg per plant. The flesh of the fruit is sweet and sour with a delicate aroma. In Ukraine, the berries ripen in early June. A significant disadvantage of this variety is the tendency to fall, due to which you can lose up to 40% of the crop.
To minimize the adverse effects of hot climates, experts recommend regularly watering honeysuckle bushes. Excellent results are obtained by planting this crop near the shores of natural and artificial reservoirs.
Honeysuckle grows in the south. It suffers from thaws in winter and hot weather in summer. Therefore, the harvest even on 10-year-old bushes is small.
What varieties of honeysuckle need to plant together
All varieties of honeysuckle blue are self-fruitful. For pollination of flowers and the appearance of berries, the presence of representatives of another variety is necessary. The more they will be, the richer the crop. When selecting varieties for the garden, it is necessary to take into account the timing of flowering plants. If they do not match, pollination will be impossible and the fruits will not be tied up.
According to most breeders, the taste of the berries and the size of the crop depend on the choice of the pollinator.