General information

Rules for the maintenance and care of dwarf rabbits


Sometimes it seems that the dwarf rabbit lives in order to please a person with his appearance, to raise his mood. However, this is not entirely true. These gentle babies seem to be created to live in a comfortable home environment. Such rabbits are not raised for fluff or meat - they are exclusively pets that need the care and attention of a person.

Future owners need to know how long dwarf rabbits live. With proper care, their life expectancy reaches twelve years. Buy an animal should be in a pet store or nursery. At the same time it is necessary to understand the difference between the dwarf and decorative animals. The latter can be of different weights and dimensions. This is the main difference. Dwarf rabbits, the size of which is always small, and remain so throughout life. If you buy a pet in the market, then you risk buying a regular rabbit, but at a young age. In addition, he may be ill.

Depending on the breed, dwarfs can have different weight and length parameters - the weight can vary from 2.5 kg (lop-eared rabbits) to 1.5 kg (kids with erect ears). Different breeds may differ in ear length. Most individuals have ears 6 cm long, but there are also hybrids, whose ears reach twenty centimeters.


Sometimes novice owners do not think about how many dwarf rabbits live. And it is in vain. It is necessary to know at least in order to provide the animal with proper care at different stages of its life.

Today, this question - about the life expectancy of cute kids - is controversial. Some owners claim that dwarf rabbits live only five years, while others claim that they can live to twelve.

This difference of opinion has a number of reasons. The life span of this pet depends on many factors - the quality of pet care, the owners' attention to the animal, and proper nutrition. How to care for a dwarf rabbit - we will tell a little later.

There is no doubt that the state of health of your pet has a great impact on the life expectancy. You need to know how a dwarf pet behaves at home. Having noticed some change in his behavior, you should immediately seek help from a veterinary clinic.

Popular breeds

There are many different breeds of these cute pets. The most popular and common types of dwarf rabbits, we present to your attention.

The very first short-haired rabbits appeared in France in 1919. For their unusual and valuable fur, they were given a sonorous name - “Castor Rex” (the king of beavers). The similarity with the beaver is really obvious - the animal has a red-brown fur color. And he received the title of king for the quality of the skin, which is very similar to the coat of chinchilla.

"Rex" - dwarf rabbit (photo you can see below), which has a low hairline, downy and guard hairs of almost the same length. They are half as long as their counterparts. Underdeveloped whiskers are characteristic of this breed - they are much smaller than those of other breeds, and are often crooked. At a very young age, the rabbit of this breed can be distinguished only by the antennae. When this species is crossed with ordinary ornamental individuals, the skins of baby rabbits in the first generation do not look like “rex”.

Lion head

This breed was first bred in Belgium. However, it is not currently considered a separate subspecies in many countries. In our country, this charming creature has gained great popularity. The lion's head is a dwarf rabbit (the photo of which we placed in this article), which got its name due to its appearance - its head is really a bit similar to the head of a lion.

His face is surrounded by a soft and fluffy mane, forming a luxurious collar. Most experts believe that this species is nothing more than a cross between fluffy and short-haired individuals.

Color Dwarf Rabbit

This species first appeared in Holland in the thirties of the last century. He is the offspring of colored red-eyed Polish rabbits, which were crossed with wild animals.

Initially, this dwarf rabbit had a light gray color. In the fifties, the first black variety appeared, and then a wide variety of colors began to appear. The distinctive signs of the breed are a small, strong and short body, a short neck, low legs, massive, in comparison with the rest of the body, the back part. In addition, the colored dwarf rabbit has rather short ears (5-6 cm). The fur coat of these kids is short and shiny.

Short haired rabbit

This breed is very similar to the usual wild rabbit with its physique. It differs from its wild relatives only in size. They have a stocky body in the shape of a cylinder. The head is round, the ears are small. They are quite harmoniously combined with the body. Weight does not exceed one kilogram. According to the existing standard, the ears of rabbits of this breed should not be more than five centimeters.

Today, this dwarf rabbit at home is quite common. Breed has more than sixty colors. The coat is shiny and smooth. The main colors are gray, chinchilla, brown. The most popular, but very rare color is snow white, with spots around the eyes. Very rare, and therefore very valuable is the white color, completely no black wool.

Angora Dwarf Rabbit

This handsome looks very unusual. In a small fluffy lump it is difficult to make out a muzzle. Throughout the body the fur is longer than on the head. These are special dwarf rabbits. Care and maintenance are somewhat more complicated. This is due to their luxurious fur coat. This breed is distinguished by two types of fur.

Angora fur is very pleasant to the touch, soft, there is an undercoat. It requires regular combing, careful care. If the owner notices fallen fur, it should be immediately cut off. Such a dwarf rabbit is suitable only for a caring owner who has enough time to take care of an animal.

The shorter Angora fur is smooth, shiny, not exceeding five centimeters in length. He practically does not get confused and does not fall down, and this facilitates the care of a pet.

Angora rabbit has upright and short ears. The standard prescribes an ideal length of six centimeters. The head is round, the eyes are planted shallowly, the neck is almost invisible. The body has the shape of a cylinder, strong bones. Externally, the Angora dwarf rabbit looks very harmonious.

Fox Pygmy Rabbit

Many owners call this rabbit a dwarf fox. They are classified as long-haired breeds. The dwarf fox rabbit has a large head, covered with smooth hair, the body has long hair. According to the standard, it should not exceed seven centimeters and not be shorter than four.

Body stocky, almost no visible neck. Head, though large, but short. Ears pryamostiochie, are located closely. They are beautifully rounded at the ends. Their ideal length is five and a half centimeters, but in some cases it reaches seven. Larger size is considered a defect. Paws are short (especially the front). Weight from 1 kg to 1.5 kg. Color is most commonly found brown, chinchilla, agouti.

Lop-eared ram

And this is probably the most original looking rabbit. It is very common and popular, thanks in large part to its unusual appearance. They are distinguished by long, hanging ears that make them very cute. These rabbits are less fearful than other breeds and quickly get used to people. Experts believe that the “courage” of these babies is due to the special structure of the ears. The fact is that these rabbits hear much worse than their tribesmen with erect ears.

The weight of these animals is greater than that of many other dwarf breeds - it sometimes reaches three kilograms. "Lambs" have a stocky torso with a beautiful line of the back. Feet short. The head of this species has a broad forehead and large eyes. The ears are covered with wool, drooping, slightly thickened at the base. It resembles a crown. At the ends of the ears rounded.

The coat is thick, but not at all hard, there is an undercoat. The most varied colors are white, gray, blue black and even completely unusual - yellow. Special care is not needed.

The most common and popular species is the Dutch lop rabbit. This is a very calm and friendly breed. Her ideal weight is one and a half kilograms. The ears of these rabbits do not hang from birth. They become hanging in the fourth week of life.

Dwarf rabbits: care and maintenance

At once we want to note that dwarf rabbits are extremely clean animals. Keeping them is a snap. However, certain rules must be observed so that your pet is cozy and comfortable in your home.

Dwarf rabbits can use the tray. The main thing is that every time after using the toilet it is necessary to clean it, because, having felt an unpleasant smell, the animal will look for an inappropriate place. There are very simple rules for keeping dwarf rabbits that all owners should know.

Your pet will need a cage that will ensure its safety when you are busy and the baby is not in your field of vision. You should carefully choose the place for it - it should be installed in a place protected from drafts and removed from the heating devices and the TV.

In no case do not keep your pet constantly in a cage - the animal must necessarily be able to walk. It is extremely important for its normal development and well-being.

If you want to take the baby in your arms, do it with extreme caution, as he may try to escape. This could cause injury to the animal.

It should not be a rabbit without the special need to bathe. He copes well with hygiene himself. The only exceptions are cases where your pet gets dirty and cannot clean itself on its own.

An important factor in the care of a rabbit is his state of health. Diseases of these animals appear brightly and immediately affect his behavior. Having noticed something unusual, do not postpone the visit to the veterinary clinic. Do not forget that the earlier the treatment is started, the higher the probability of a quick recovery.

These charming rodents are very fond of fresh grass. The task of the owner is to provide his pet with this delicacy (especially in summer). For this fit wild grass, meadow. Rabbit will be happy to eat alfalfa and plantain, nettles and dandelion, burdock and sow thistle, mouse peas and yarrow. There are herbs that should be given in limited quantities (clover or clover). City dwellers, before collecting grass, should review the list of poisonous plants and herbs and see photos of how they look. This is necessary in order not to treat a rabbit with buttercups or bleached.

But the dwarf rabbit feeds not on grass alone. He needed and juicy food. This is primarily boiled potatoes, turnips, carrots, a little cabbage and beets. In the summer you can give milk of milky ripeness. Your baby will be very happy when you give him an apple. Previously it should be cut into four pieces, remove the bones and put in the house. And another rule that the owner must firmly grasp is that uneaten food should not be left in the cage. They should always be fresh. If you have a digestive upset with your pet, this may indicate overfeeding with green food. In this case, you need to reduce the amount of this food.

Mineral supplements are necessary for dwarf rabbits. Usually use mineral stone, chalk pressed, bone meal. Another not the most pleasant feature of the body of the rabbit - eating his litter. This is the need of the animal's body, since litter reduces the speed of food digestion by 20%, thereby increasing its digestibility. Moreover, it is a source of vitamins, so do not worry if you notice that your baby picks up its “peas”.

Pygmy Rabbit: reviews

Most of the owners of these furry babies are very pretty with their pets. Many note the ease of caring for them. Someone describes them as intelligent and funny animals that become friends for their children.

And all, without exception, emphasize that this is a very clean animal, completely unpretentious in food. They believe that even a novice owner will cope with the content of this baby, provided that he observes all the rules of care for the animal.

How to distinguish a dwarf rabbit from the usual

Before you buy a pet, you need not only to see the photos of animals, but also to understand the differences between ordinary and decorative dwarf breed, so that later there will be no unpleasant surprises.

  1. First of all, the animal is small in size, for which he received its name. The size of dwarf rabbits vary from 20 to 35 cm, depending on the breed. A normal crawl at two months of age weighs about 300 grams, and its small brother is half the size.
  2. The ears of decorative dwarf rabbits are very short, their length is no more than 3 cm. Whereas, in a normal animal, they are much longer.
  3. If you carefully study the photos of different breeds of dwarf rabbits, you can focus on the main features of each of them. For example, hanging ears from the breed "lop-eared ram" or fur, more like a plush, from the breed "Rex". Such nuances are completely unusual for ordinary rabbits.

Even after a thorough study of all the features, it is best to buy a pet from professional breeders or in nurseries. When buying, be sure to check the availability of pedigree and all documents of the animal. Dwarf rabbits can be found on the Bird market or on an ad, but in such cases there is no guarantee that the baby will not grow into an ordinary big crawl. Yes, and their health often brings, as unscrupulous owners are sometimes allowed in the breeding of sick animals.

Breed of dwarf rabbits

Kids of different breeds differ in size and appearance. In addition, the position of the ears is an important factor. It can be standing or hanging. It is extremely difficult to determine the belonging of absolutely small rabbits to one or another breed. That is why it is recommended to choose them not in appearance, but in the photo of adult representatives and reviews of them.

Dwarf fox

The origins of this breed lie in the Czech Republic and Poland. Fox Pygmy Rabbit - the same baby, like his colorful brother. It weighs from 800 grams to 1.5 kg. Small, close-set protruding ears do not exceed 7 cm in length.

A distinctive feature of fox dwarf rabbits is long hair. At the same time, the cover on the face is always smooth and short, and on the body the length of hairs reaches 7 mm. Thanks to this feature, the animals must be combed at least once a week.

Color animals of this breed quite diverse. The most popular are havana and white. Rabbits of blue and silver color look no less cute. For pets with white hair, the color of their eyes can be both red and blue.

Dutch rabbit

As the name implies, this breed was bred in Holland. The small size of the animal and long hanging ears give it a special feeling. These rabbits weigh about 1.2-1.6 kg, their ears are 27 cm long.

The hind legs, the front part of the body and the muzzle of the Dutch folds are white, and the rest of the coat is colored. Rabbit can be lilac, light gray, motley or marten colors. There are also colors "Madagascar" and "Isabella."

These cute fluffies are pretty friendly, it's nice to play and chat with them. But sometimes they show excessive egoism.

Representatives of this breed are also called royal dwarf rabbits. They really have a gorgeous appearance. Despite the fact that the animals weigh 1.5 kg, which is considered a relatively large weight for the rabbit, they look elegant and elegant. Their head stretches upward, giving the kid a proud royal posture. Fur Rex is incredibly beautiful. It looks like shiny velvet or plush. The color may be different, but the brownish-red hue looks more noble.

Despite the royal becoming adult Rex, their cubs look pretty unpresentable. The frail body and not too thick fur make a faint impression. One of the features by which you can distinguish the Rex breed pet rabbit is underdeveloped whiskers.

These rabbits have a very sweet temper. Gentle, friendly and calm, they do not pose any danger to anyone, including children.

In some reviews, people talk about rabbit aggression. In fact, with these animals you just need to communicate more from an early age. Then they grow calm and even slightly phlegmatic.

The content of dwarf rabbits at home

Как и многим домашним любимцам, кроликам необходимо три вещи для комфорта:

  • клетка,
  • правильно подобранный корм,
  • место для прогулок.

Эти крохи очень чистоплотны. В юном возрасте они, конечно, не слишком внимательны к этому вопросу, во время прогулок оставляют экскременты везде, где побывают. Но примерно после года все меняется. If during the walking the crawl is an urge to the toilet, then he himself goes into the cage, does his business there, and only then continues to walk. By the way, if the cage is cleaned in time, then there will be no smell from it.

Cage for the dwarf rabbit

First of all, the animal needs its own home. For a rabbit, it is desirable to acquire immediately big cage, at least 75 cm long. Otherwise, as the animal grows, you will have to spend money on a new one. There are very few requirements for the cage: plastic floor, walls and ceilings of fine mesh, the presence of feeders, drinkers and bedding.

As a litter, the bottom can be covered with sawdust, the layer thickness should be about 3-5 cm. The layer should be replaced with fresh one at least once a week. To the base of the cage you need to attach a trough. If she stands freely on the floor, it is likely that the rabbit will start scattering food. The drinker is also better to fix in limbo. For more comfort, you can make a cage in a cage where the rabbit can hide and rest from prying eyes.

It is also important location of the cell. Decorative dwarf rabbits feel bad in cold, heat and stuffiness. therefore room temperature should range from +18 to +21 degrees. You must also ensure that there are no drafts.

In one cell, you can settle several rabbits. But only if it is female. Males get along with each other only at a young age, and as they mature, serious conflicts begin. Mutual sexes also feel comfortable with each other, but at the same time they are more likely to go into unrestrained reproduction. The process of such a breeding can not be controlled, so there may be problems with the health of both the rabbit and the young.

Rabbits are constantly eaten, so their feeder must always be filled. The main part of their diet consists of dry hay. For adult rabbits, you can add branches of birch, pear, apple and other trees to it, so that the animal bites its bark. You can also use oats, barley, or a special mixture that you can buy at pet stores.

If you want to please your pet with a treat, you can give him fresh weed. It is only necessary to ensure that it is not poisonous. Also, the animal will be happy raw vegetables and fruits. Categorically you can not give:

  • sweets,
  • spicy food
  • food from the human table.

Place to walk

When the rabbit first appeared in your house, you must give him a look at the space. But for this you need to carefully prepare the room: remove all available wires, indoor plants and small debris. If there are other pets in the house, especially those that can harm an ornamental rabbit, it is better to isolate them for a while.

Dwarf decorative craw is able to eat forever. When he walks, he tries to taste anything. Therefore, absolutely everything that may be dangerous must be removed.

Subsequently, the animal can be regularly released on such walks. This will give him the opportunity to warm up, have a good time and play with the owners. But each time it is necessary to take care of the safety of the environment.

How long does a dwarf rabbit live

If you follow all the rules of maintenance and conditions of care, it is quite realistic to extend the life of the decorative dwarf rabbit maximum possible 12 years. But the average life expectancy is 5-7 years, and the representatives of the lop-eared breeds live longer than their counterparts with erect ears.

But despite the rather short life, these funny fluffy crumbs have time to give others a lot of joyful and warm moments.

The Fox Pygmy Rabbit is an amazingly cute and friendly pet. It is very important to choose a beautiful, healthy and active individual, following the recommendations, and then provide the animal with the right care, care and attention.

Like this article? Save to not lose!