Immediately after the dove met her “love,” she is ready to hatch eggs. They build their nest and usually begin this process in early spring.
How much time do I need to devote to preparing birds for mating? About 2.5 months. At this time, a couple needs to be separated from the whole flock and fattened well.
What happens after the female has laid the first testicle
She waits for the second to hatch and then begins to hatch them. This may not be very good for future pigeons. Therefore, it is advised to pick up the first clutch and put it in a warm place until the second one appears.
What hatching babes
The hatched nestling is blind and without feathers, weighs up to 20 g. Only in a month it will become independent. It is better not to touch the hatching chick in the first days. But if necessary, it can be supplemented with chicken yolk and whole milk.
About 16-18 hours a day. The rest of the time, there is a father sitting near the chicks.
How many days do the pigeons hatch eggs
Pigeon is a clever and devoted bird, which can be found on almost every urban balcony. These birds are one of the few that give birth to their mate for life.
Oviposition, and therefore the appearance of offspring, occurs year-round, regardless of weather conditions. If the birds are suitable for their living conditions, they may well sit up to 8 broods in 1 calendar year. This is due to the high reproductive potential due to a modest life expectancy of only 3 years.
No matter how long the mating games last, females rarely lay more than two eggs. Their shell is white and glossy, it may turn slightly blue on the lumen.
On the same day, when the clutch appeared, the female sits on it. How many days pass before the chicks appear? Usually pigeons hatch eggs from 16 to 19 days. The couple protects the future offspring in turn: when the female needs to leave and eat, the male takes her place in the nest.
Nestlings are born helpless, blind and almost without fluff. Both parents feed the young, carefully taking care of the babies.
Now you know how long pigeons hatch eggs. After the specified term from eggs will appear nestlings, and your pigeon family will replenish with new members.
About egg laying
Gray pigeons are representatives of the most numerous species of birds, whose appearance on the streets of megalopolises or large towns does not surprise anyone. The number of their individuals is at a high level due to the large reproductive potential reserved by nature. Pigeons, living in comfortable conditions, can bring up to 8 broods annually. They breed constantly, regardless of the time of year.
The period of sexual maturity of pigeons falls on the age of six months. This is despite the fact that the average life expectancy of birds is a modest 3 years. Poultry can reach the age of 15 years. How many pieces are in a clutch? Eggs appear in the amount of 2 pieces. Their sizes can vary from 35 to 25 mm to 43 to 32 mm. They have a classic white color, have a slight shine.
Before the beginning of the laying you can see interesting mating games, after which the females lay eggs. The male fluffs the plumage, begins to inflate the goiter and invitingly coo. He circles around the chosen one, intriguing her and seeking mutual feelings. When pigeons become a pair, they do not build a nest; they lay eggs on a bare substrate. Attempts by residents of houses on whose balconies these birds laid eggs, lay litter, were unsuccessful.
After egg-laying, the females immediately start brooding.
How long do pigeons usually hatch eggs? In Sizak, they are incubated for 16 to 19 days. Hatch eggs most often females. Males can replace them for a short time, when females need to fly in search of food and watering. How many hours a day is the female near the future offspring? She sits on a clutch from noon to 10 in the morning. Then the male allows her to get a little rest, guarding the eggs instead. This usually occurs from 10 am to 4 pm. If the dove does not return on time, the male begins to coo loudly and with displeasure.
Experts confirm the fixation of the heating time of the clutch and chicks in the daily mode. The temperature of brooding in poultry is 36, 1 - 40, 7 degrees. The difference in the degree of heating of the upper and lower parts of the surface is up to 5 degrees. Sizakov has a pseudo-subsidence effect, it occurs a week before laying the first copy. If at this time to lay a female egg, she proceeds to brooding.
Chicks are born helpless, tiny, have a rare yellowish down. After their birth, parents take the shell away from the place of residence. At first, crumbs do not see anything.
Hatching in these birds occurs at different times, the pigeons are able to appear in the period from 1 to 3 days.
Feeding offspring is carried out by both parents. The first food of babies becomes a special burp from the goiter of adults. She received popularly the name of pigeon milk. Such food is adapted by nature itself for all the needs of pigeons, it gives them not only the degree of saturation, but also enriches the body with a full range of useful vitamins.
Chicks are considered independent after a month from the moment of birth. The female does not wait for this moment - she already has to go on incubating the next clutch. The serious task of teaching offspring to adulthood is the responsibility of the male, since the female is busy extending the genus.
Dove on nest
The process of building a nest birds begin almost as soon as they meet "their love." As a rule, the breeding season in pigeons begins with a thaw, in early spring. Birds are not limited to one clutch and make them 3-4 per season. Our neighbors are urban pigeons, these are synanthropic birds, that is, those that for a long time have adapted to life next to a person. But here pigeons diligently hide their nests from man.
In nature, the pigeon is a rocky inhabitant, therefore it searches for nesting places at a height. Fissures, abandoned attics, in the extreme case of tree hollows, are all potential places for nesting of the pigeon family. Sometimes pigeons can make a nest even on a human balcony! In this case, ornithologists advise, if possible, not to disturb the bird. Having noticed such a close human neighborhood, pigeons can leave the nest ahead of time.
A couple usually spends from a week to two to build a nest. Without moving too far away from the future structure, the birds collect blades of grass, roots, moss, twigs - in short, all that they think may be useful in construction. In the nest you can find "human" products: film, wires, chips, Christmas tree tinsel. Depending on the strength of the resulting nest, it can be used once or several times. All this time, the couple works together and diligently helps each other.
When the nest is ready, the female has nothing to prevent the laying of the first egg. And expect the first testicle, as a rule, should be 9 days after mating. They in the pigeon's clutch can be present from one to three pieces.
If the little dove is young and is preparing to become a mother for the first time, then most likely it will be limited to one egg. A couple of days before the female lays an egg, she walks with fluffed wings and warms her as yet empty nest. Usually the interval between the first and second eggs is about 40-49 hours.
The dove does not begin to hatch its first fruit until the second one appears. However, this is not always the case, otherwise the pigeons will hatch at a certain interval, which is not very good. If this happens in a pigeon farm, then experienced pigeon breeders proceed as follows. They take out a real egg and put it in a warm place until the dove takes the second one. And the place of the real egg in the nest is taken by a model.
Note that the pigeons not only build the nest together, but also sit on the clutch by turns. They divide their duties as follows: from 10 to 16 hours in the nest you can find a male, for the rest of the time the laying is heated by the female. The duration of hatching is different for different breeds of pigeons. And it is observed by birds very strictly. Pigeons clearly feel when the incubation period ends and leave the nest, even if pigeon eggs contain live embryos.
I would like to say a few words about the behavior of the male during incubation. Starting with the construction of the nest and all subsequent time, the pigeon carefully watches the dove and patrols the territory. If another male appears on the horizon, he takes his "family" to a safe place. When the dove comes into the world, a double responsibility falls on the male: he obtains food for himself, the female and their young.
In the harsh urban environment sometimes it happens that some of the parents die. In this case, the second tries to do everything possible to ensure that the pigeons survive. The parental instinct of our feathered neighbors is unusually strong! And on the video below you can look at an unusual find in the form of a pair of pigeon eggs!
What do pigeon eggs look like?
Pigeon eggs are small fruits of white color and without extraneous impregnations. The size and color of the eggs may vary slightly depending on the breed of the pigeon. But only some of them have a color other than white, brown or cream. Pigeon eggs are about 4 cm in length, but how much they weigh again depends on the breed of pigeon, the approximate weight is from 17 to 27 g.
Eggs of pigeons are fragile, so the pigeon breeder, shifting them from one nest to another, needs to be extremely careful and attentive.
Wild pigeons rarely injure their fruits, they surprisingly feel the fragility of their eggs. In order for the egg to turn into a pigeon, its “parents” need to spend 17-19 days in the nest, depending on the temperature of the external environment and the breed of the pigeon.
It should be noted that pigeon eggs are especially appreciated in cooking. They have a somewhat unusual, delicate taste. In addition, they are very nutritious, so they should be consumed dosed. 100 g of the product contains 160 kcal, 14 g of proteins, 13.5 fats and 1.5 g of carbohydrates.
Video "Dove on the nest"
And on the video below you can look at how violently a pigeon protects its nest from a man! We caution you not to repeat what the author of this video does. If you accidentally find a pigeon clutch, bypass it, do not cause stress to the bird.
- We make a first aid kit for pigeons
Dove mating: breeding detailsHigh flying pigeons - above only aircraft
In nature, pigeons independently choose a mate, build their nests and raise their offspring. When kept in captivity on many issues, the pigeon breeder takes the decision. This also applies to mating, which can be carried out naturally when birds choose a partner of their own accord or forcibly, if it is important to preserve the breed traits. For successful breeding of birds in any case it is necessary to provide:
Council If possible, it is advisable to give pigeons to choose a partner. In this case, their families will be stronger, and the offspring - more viable.
Pigeons reach sexual maturity by 5 months and can breed up to 10 years. The optimal time for the beginning of the dove's mating season will be about 1-2 years old. To reduce it earlier with a male is inexpedient, since she herself is not strong enough to continue the race.
Egg-laying and incubation
After selecting a pair of pigeons together begin to build a nest. 10-12 days after mating, the female lays the first egg, and there can be 1-3 pieces in the clutch in total. Between the first and the next egg is usually a significant break, during which the dove often leaves the nest, starting to hatch later.
The incubation period lasts 16-19 days. It is difficult to say a more precise term, since it depends on the following two factors:
- Breed pigeons.
If the temperature is high enough, the chicks may appear earlier, and in cool weather later. Not only female incubates eggs. The pigeon replaces it on the nest while it feeds and rests. At the end of the brooding period, the chicks hatch on their own, pecking the shell from the inside.
Breeding of ordinary and pedigree pigeons requires human knowledge, necessary skills and attentive attitude to birds. The reward for all the efforts for the pigeon breeder will be beautiful well-kept birds and healthy offspring from them.
Preparing birds for breeding
In order for the reproduction of pigeons to be the most successful, 2-2.5 months prior to the mating process, it is necessary to separate the pigeons, intended for increasing the population, from the total flock. During this time they fatten up, rest and become ready for the mating season.
In accordance with the weather and the region, at the end of winter or early spring, they start harvesting dovecot. A flock at this time is released. The room is cleaned, disinfected and dried.
It is important to consider every moment in arranging the nesting site so that there are no unforeseen nuances.
When installing nests, it is necessary to take into account that there should be more of them than pigeon pairs in order to eliminate fights for “nursery”. In this case, the nests should be as far as possible from each other. If the area does not allow this, then the boxes can be put on several floors, having previously painted and numbered them. Nests can not be swapped until the end of the season.
If it is not possible to install the drawers, then the nests are fitted directly on the shelves, but between them it is necessary to make partitions.
For the construction of bird nests, it is necessary to provide hay or straw. The material fits into the nests, as well as scattered throughout the loft, giving the birds an opportunity to finish shelter for posterity on their own.
Method of matching pairs
To carry out the pairing of pigeons, you must make a pair. For this you need to determine the sex of the feathered.
The male is usually larger than the female, he has a large head with a powerful beak. During courtship, he spreads out tail feathers, makes circular motions and coo.
The female behaves completely differently. Its gait becomes as if floating, it makes characteristic bows, and at “kisses” the beak of the female appears inside the beak of the male.
The fight is not a clear sign, as the “split” can occur between males and between females. If the female does not accept the male, then a fight is also possible between them.
Frequent mistakes. In the cage can be both two females, and two males. The selection of pairs requires special attention.
Selecting pairs, it is necessary to take into account the temperament of birds. An energetic “fiancé” will suit a temperamental “bride”, while a quieter companion is necessary for a calmer.
Types of pairing
You can mate both naturally (the gentleman will determine himself), and forcibly - if you need to improve the breed or the goal is to obtain offspring with certain qualities.
- Naturally, it is possible to mate in the event that the bird is breeding, of high quality, of the same breed.
- When a pair is formed independently, pigeons lay eggs earlier, their number is greater and hatchability is higher. In this case, the number of males and females should be equal. When intervening in nature, the family is formed for a long time, hard and not always crowned with success.
Suitable age for mating
The most viable offspring get from pigeons 2-3 years of age, although in 5-6 months they are already able to lay eggs. Pigeons can breed for up to 10 years, but each year the percentage of fertilized eggs and viable offspring will decrease. However, if the breed is very valuable, then you can use the old male and young dove.
Breeding allow healthy, thoroughbred and strong birds. If the individual is weak, obese, and sick, then the offspring may turn out to be unviable, or the eggs may be completely unfertilized, or the embryos will die during incubation.
A few days before mating, the birds are deposited in different cells that are close to each other. The dove is planted to the male and kept together for 3-4 days, watching them. The most intimate moment, as the birds mate, you can not see. However, if the male is actively caring and everything indicates “contact,” they are released into the general flock. The pair independently chooses a place for nesting and remains family forever.
If a couple does not want to make a nest in a designated place, but does so where it sees fit, it cannot be interfered with. The place chosen by the spouses must be provided with bedding material and given the opportunity to independently carry out the process. In calm conditions the bird will hatch well.
Since long-established old pairs occupy last year's nests, they should be released first for nesting. Then release the newly formed pairs in turn. Pigeon first chooses the "house" and calls the female to itself with characteristic sounds. If the dove approved the choice, the male begins to train the building material, and his girlfriend to lay it.
Голубята вылупляются без оперения, с лёгким пушком и слепые. Желточный мешок должен быть втянут. Без корма такая птаха может оставаться не более суток.
Родители сами обогревают и выкармливают детёнышей. В течение первых нескольких часов в их зобе начинает образовываться высокопитательный секрет, состоящий из воды, жира, белка и минеральных элементов. "Bird's milk" is very rich in fat-soluble vitamins and biologically active substances. Outwardly, it looks like a slightly yellowish liquid porridge.
Milk does not always appear on time. If it forms ahead of time, the bird leaves the eggs and the young do not hatch. If the chicks have already hatched, and the milk has not yet formed, they can die from hunger. To prevent trouble, experienced pigeon breeders use special feeder pigeons.
Pigeons feed on milk up to one month of age. From a week old, parents add softened grains to their milk. Every day the amount of grain increases, and by the 20th day the chicks themselves are already trying to peck at small food. However, goiter milk continues to be a favorite food even for grown-up birds.
If the parents' milk is not enough, experienced golubovody conduct artificial feeding of babies. The hatching chick weighs about 20 g, and by the month it will already reach 300 g, so the requirements for artificial feeding are appropriate.
Squatted chicks are fed chicken yolk, which is preheated slightly. Whole milk can be added to the yolk. The mixture is collected in a syringe, which is attached to a thin rubber tube, which is inserted into the chick's esophagus during feeding.
From the 10th day, liquid porridge, white bread or a flour mager soaked in milk are used as food.
Breeding these birds requires not only knowledge and skills from the pigeon breeder, but also care. Even doing everything right, it is not always possible to get the desired result. However, hard work and thirst to have a beautiful bird will help to cope with difficulties in breeding birds.