Compared with cowstock, sheep manure has a higher nitrogen content, which increases its ability to decompose even in heavy soils. However, a high nitrogen content can cause burns on the plant root system. To avoid this, it is important to observe the technology of harvesting and storing this type of fertilizer.
Is it possible to use?
The main advantage of sheep manure is its versatility. Bring it as a fruit and vegetables, and under the legumes, feed and grain crops. Sheep manure has a beneficial effect on the yields of cherries, peaches, apricots, as well as tomatoes and onions.
- higher efficiency compared to mullein,
- no unpleasant smell after drying,
- low application rates and, accordingly, an economical consumption,
- The ability to use as a biofuel for heating greenhouses.
The disadvantage of this type of fertilizer can be attributed to the danger of burning out the roots and stems of plants when the technology of harvesting and storage is not followed.
Bacteria that process nitrogen into other compounds release methane and ammonia. So, only 1 kg of sheep manure emits up to 0.62 m² of gases, the main part of which is methane. It is these gases that often cause the death of crops and already adult crops.
To avoid such effects, this fertilizer is recommended to be composted before use.
Sheep manure contains:
- water - about 65%,
- Organic substances - 31.8%,
- potassium - 0.67%,
- nitrogen - 0.83%,
- calcium - 0.33%,
- phosphorus - 0.23%.
Fertilizer and dressing
Sheep manure in its pure form is not recommended because it contains a large amount of nitrogen. In combination with other types of organic fertilizers, it is applied both as a top-dressing and for enriching the soil in springtime.
Such organic waste can be added to the compost:
- pepper and other vegetable crops.
The remains of bones, wool or fat should not be added to the compost, as this will slow down the process of rotting. Ready-to-use humus based on sheep manure is obtained in one to two months.
Manure should not be scattered over the surface of the soil or laid out in small piles, since this will lead to a decrease in the efficiency of fertilizer as a result of the loss of useful elements. Scattered on the beds, manure should be immediately buried in the ground. This is especially true of fertilizing the soil for the winter, because before the beginning of the spring digging, it will lose its beneficial properties.
Experienced gardeners recommend to make manure during autumn or spring digging. When introduced in the summer, it must be distributed over the beds in small groups and immediately dig up the ground.
Poluporevshy litter used:
- In the spring in liquid form 2 weeks before planting. So he quickly decomposed.
- In the summer in liquid form for watering plants before flowering or during fruit set. You can add potassium sulfate, as the plants during this period consume it in large quantities.
- Autumn dry under the digging.
Dumping sheep and goats:
- In the spring in a dry form immediately during planting. It is possible in each well.
- In the summer for watering.
- Autumn for embedment into the ground.
Humus is more suitable for making soil compositions when planting fruit trees, as it retains moisture at the roots of seedlings well. To increase the nutritional value of humus in it add mineral fertilizers, wood ash, as well as fresh dung in small quantities.
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Sheep manure as fertilizer: application
Before using manure to fertilize a vegetable garden, one should know all the positive and negative sides of this compound. Pure sheep manure is rarely used. It contains a lot of nitrogen. It brings the greatest benefit in combination with other fertilizers of organic origin. This is a very effective tool for dressing and enrichment of the soil after winter.
Organic residues of such vegetable crops will help to improve the compost:
- bell pepper,
It is not recommended to use animal residues (fat, bones and wool) in order to manure overheated quickly. The final product can be considered ready in about a couple of months.
Manure should not be scattered over the soil or laid out in small heaps. Thus, useful elements are lost, and fertilizer will not be so effective any more. The manure scattered on the beds should be immediately covered with earth. First of all, it refers to the fertilizer that is applied for the winter. If this is not done, by spring the compost will lose all its valuable qualities.
Sheep manure application
The best time to use sheep manure as fertilizer is when digging the ground in autumn or spring. So do all experienced gardeners. If you carry out the procedure in the summer, the manure must be decomposed into small beds in small groups and immediately dug along with the ground.
Sheep manure should not be embedded too deeply. The deeper you close it up, the worse it will act on the ground. The golden middle will be the depth of the spade. In order for the decomposition process to take place faster, after about 7 days from the moment of the first application, the earth must be re-digged.
Within one year of the enriched land, the plants take the most potassium. But phosphorus and nitrogen are consumed more slowly. When you apply manure, add a little fertilizer to the soil containing these substances. However, the soil should not be oversaturated. Alternate mineral and organic supplements. Some bring in the spring, others - in the fall, then change the sequence.
Sheep manure is quite dense in structure. To soften it, periodically moisten the excrement and stir it often. So the whole mixture will be well saturated with oxygen from the inside.
In rotted manure a lot of potassium, nitrogen and phosphorus. In the fresh - the content of these elements below. For one part of the humus you need to take three times more fresh manure.
The highest quality humus for dressings is obtained in a greenhouse. Otherwise, there will be a lot of insect larvae and weed seeds.
Humus with straw is ideal for mulching. The soil will retain moisture longer, and when watering and heavy rains, manure will give away many nutrients.
Sheep manure as a fertilizer in its pure form is used very carefully (in spring, 15-20 days before the sowing works). Use it when heating greenhouses should also be carefully. Under the influence of high temperatures from it emit harmful gases.
Advantages of using sheep manure as a fertilizer
As part of this fertilizer a lot of straw. This mixture needs additional processing. It is necessary to grind and add small organic residues. Sheep manure is mainly used to fertilize pumpkins, cucumbers and zucchini. After pereprevaniya it is suitable for all green crops, as well as beets and carrots. He also has a great effect on garden land.
The only condition - do not pour fresh manure near the plants with young shoots.
The advantages of sheep manure are as follows:
- Eco-friendly fertilizer that is available to all.
- Helps to improve the physical parameters and soil structure.
- It has all the elements necessary for nutrition.
- More effective than mullein.
- Dry manure does not have an unpleasant smell.
- It is brought in small doses, very economical option.
- It can be used as biofuel for heating greenhouses.
The most significant drawback of this fertilizer is the high risk of burns on all parts of the plant. Often this happens when the conditions under which the manure was harvested and stored are violated.
Sheep manure contains:
- water (about 65%),
- potassium (0.67%),
- calcium (0.33%),
- phosphorus (0, 23%),
- nitrogen (0.83%),
- organic matter (31.8%).
Special microorganisms help to process nitrogen, while emitting methane ammonia (about 0.62 m 3 of gases from 1 kg of raw materials). Most of them are methane. Because of this, crops and adult plants often die.
If you follow all the rules for the preparation and use of sheep manure, you can get strong plants and collect high-quality, abundant crops. Note that mixtures with similar fertilizer are added to the soil every 4 years, not more often.
Fresh manure and its application
You can also take fresh manure, but in this case it should be used carefully: as it is more difficult to digest by plants.
- In the spring it is used to warm the soil as a biofuel. Preference should be given to sheep, as the most heated. In this case, manure is dumped in heaps or scattered over the ground, after which it is covered with a layer of soil.
- In the summer it is best to choose the liquid version, diluting the manure in a ratio of 1: 4. Water the plants around the trunk, not flooding the roots. On 1 square. m needs about 1.5 liters.
- In the fall, manure is introduced into the ground when digging. It is introduced to a depth of 30-40 cm and additionally covered with a layer of earth. On 1 square. m need about 10 kg.
- In winter, fertilizer is scattered over the snow to pre-fertilize the soil. Need to spend 15 kg per 1 square. m, as when interacting with air, manure loses a significant portion of nitrogen.
Despite unpleasant associations, manure remains one of the most popular and sought-after fertilizers. It is easy to get and use, and the benefits of it are significantly higher than from mineral fertilizers.
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Sheep Manure: Fertilizer Composition
Sheep manure has a high decomposition temperature, so it is often used to fertilize heavy clay or loamy soil. It contains nitrogen and potassium. There are more of these components than cow dung. It also contains phosphorus, calcium and magnesium.
Sheep manure is considered the least popular because it contains less organic matter than other types of organic fertilizer.Sheep manure has a good effect on potatoes and beets and increases their productivity.
Also this type of manure fertilizer differs from others by a dense composition and dryness. To improve its quality, fertilizer is poured with slurry.
How to make a fertilizer from goat droppings
It is believed that goat manure is not used as a fertilizer, as it contains a large amount of nitrogen, which can cause burns to the roots of the crop. Also, those wastes that are not decomposed can be absorbed by plants and cause harm in terms of growth and development.
At the same time goat manure has its advantages:
- It is 7 times more efficient than mullein.
- Used for many cultures.
- In the garden goat manure brings great benefits.
- Low required rates when applying fertilizer.
- When drying, the unpleasant smell disappears.
- It is used as biofuel when heating greenhouses in the spring.
- Goat manure decomposes quickly.
With one animal, you can get a couple of pounds of excrement. They can be stored in briquettes that allow fresh waste to not decompose or lose its beneficial properties.
If you are not going to use manure for a long time, the briquettes with him are placed in a room that is ventilated, and they are wrapped in straw. It is also necessary to fence briquettes so that the liquid does not flow out of them.
When it comes time to use goat manure as a fertilizer, it is crushed to enrich with oxygen. Already after crushing, wetting is done in order for manure to acquire a doughy mass, and laid out in air on a bed of straw.
Composting is carried out, and it is necessary to mix manure with various organic wastes, regularly re-strawing and mixing.
After a few weeks, the mixture starts to sweep, the temperature is set to 70 ° C inside, and dangerous parasites die. Since goat manure, which is used for fertilizer, is dense, with it you need to stick to moderate humidity, adding water.The mass is mixed so that oxygen constantly gets into the mixture. Organic waste is added to it, but it is not worth throwing wool, fats and bones into it. It takes a long time to process them.
If you decide to add leaves, then do it with extreme caution, as they may be infected. The leaves are enclosed at the beginning of the process, as they already have time to pereprep, and pests are destroyed. In a few months the fertilizer will be ready.
How to use sheep manure as fertilizer
Since sheep manure is universal, it is suitable for vegetables, fruits, legumes, grains and forage crops. After fertilization with sheep manure, the yield of apricot, sweet cherry and peach increases significantly. The collection of cucumbers and tomatoes increases by one and a half times, and the onion is more tender.
The main thing when using sheep manure is to know how to apply fertilizer correctly.
It is possible to apply such fertilizer to the soil in the same way as mullein. Fertilize soil for arable land in the fall, also make manure in each well. This is done when landing in the spring. Such fertilizer is used in combination with straw when mulching.Pure sheep sheep is not used, as it contains a high level of nitrogen. From this manure make dressing, which contribute to the soil in the spring.
In the process of decomposition of sheep manure is heated, and it is used as a natural heating of greenhouses, as well as for the fertilizer garden.
Storage methods for sheep manure
There are several ways to store sheep manure:
- In the manure.
- Cool way.
- Hot way to Krantz.
Hot storage suggested farmer Kranz in 1924. Daily accumulation of manure stack height of 100 cm.
After compaction, the second layer is laid on the first layer, and then the third and fourth, up to a height of 3 m. After 3-4 months, the manure is a crumbly mass of brown color without an unpleasant smell. Manure should be removed daily.Sheep manure can be used after 5 months.
Also, manure must be watered to avoid losing ammonia. In the dry season, it must be watered. This accelerates the access of oxygen and leads to enhanced fermentation. If you store the manure in dry form for 7 months, the nitrogen goes to 20%, in raw form - 13%.