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The best bitter peppers for growing (with photos)

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For lovers of savory, spicy dishes bitter pepper - the desired ingredient. Of course, you can buy it on the market. But grown on their own summer cottage, with his own hands, it will be doubly delicious! Varieties of bitter (hot) pepper not as much as sweet. If you compare the data of the State Register, it turns out 708 varieties against 69. The full list can be found here http://reestr.gossort.com/reg/main/265, and in this article we will look at the best varieties of hot pepper with a photo.

Popular varieties

Variety bitter pepper "Adjika"

Short description:
Sredneranny grade of hot pepper.
Suitable for outdoor cultivation.
Fruit weight average 90 g
Form: elongated-conical
Color: red
Pulp: thick, dark red, spicy, peppery flavor.
The plant is tall, but support is not required.
Application: as a seasoning for soups, sauces, meat dishes and canning. Used in dried and ground form.

East Bouquet F1

Short description:
Mid-season hybrid.
Fruit weight: up to 130 g
Form: elongated-conical, with a pointed tip
Color: red
Plant height: up to 1 meter.
Application: for drying and paprika.

Vizier

Short description:
Late maturity
Fruit weight on average 10 - 20 g
Wall thickness 2mm.
Form: Kalmy
Color: light green in technical ripeness, red in biological ripeness.
Plant: tall, powerful, semi-sprawling.
Taste: slightly hot.
Application: for the preparation of paprika and pastes, for salting and canning.

Gorgon F1

Short description:
Late maturity
Fruit weight on average 120 - 170 g
Form: prism-shaped
Color: green in technical ripeness, golden yellow in biological ripeness.
Information from the label:
Early ripe (97-105 days) hybrid for an open ground and film shelters. The plant is compact, 55-65 cm tall, covered with a lot of burning rich red cone-shaped fruits weighing 20-25 g. It is characterized by a friendly and long-term fruiting, high decorativeness of the bush.

Hot pepper "For mother-in-law"

Short description:
Early ripe.
For open ground
Plant height: up to 60 cm, does not require formation
Fruit weight average 65 g
Form: elongated cone-shaped
Color: bright red
Taste: savory, spicy, with a strong pronounced aroma.
Friendly ripening of fruits. High yield.
Application: as a condiment for meat and fish dishes

Hybrid "Medusa F1"

Short description:
Early ripe.
Plant height: up to 20 cm
Fruit length: up to 5 cm
Shape: curved
Color: red and yellow
The plant is photophilous, does not tolerate drying out of the soil and dry air, and therefore requires frequent spraying of the foliage.

Lightning white F1

Short description:
Medium early.
For film greenhouses
Form: elongated cone-shaped
Color: white in biological ripeness.
Taste: hot-spicy
Plant height: up to 110 cm.
Application: for hot sauces and seasonings, marinades and pickles.
High content of sugars and vitamins. Abundantly fruiting. The variety is resistant to adverse weather conditions and diseases.

Lightning red F1

Short description:
Medium early.
For film greenhouses.
Fruit weight average 100 g
Shape: narrow-triangular, with a sharp tip.
Color: intense red, dark red.
Taste: semi-sharp, with pepper aroma.
Plant height: up to 1, 5 meters

Lightning black F1

Short description:
Medium early.
For film greenhouses.
Fruit weight average 80 - 90 g
Shape: narrow-triangular, trunk-shaped
Color: in technical ripeness dark purple, in biological dark red.
Taste: semi-sharp, with pepper aroma.
Application: in home cooking, for the preparation of sauces and seasonings.

F1 Superchildren

Short description:
Early ripe.
Fruit weight average 16 - 25 g
Color: green in technical ripeness, cherry red in biological ripeness.
Taste: hot
Plant height: 40 - 60 cm
Application: for use in fresh, dried and canned form.

Fire Maiden

Short description:
Mid-season.
For open ground and film shelters.
Fruit weight average 3.5 g
Form: elongated cone-shaped
Color: green in technical ripeness, red in biological ripeness.
Taste: pungent, strong pepper flavor.
Plant height: 100 to 140 cm
Application: as a spice, in canning.

Red fat man

Short description:
Mid-season.
For open ground.
Fruit weight average 60 - 90 g
Shape: conical
Color: dark red in biological ripeness.
Taste: spicy, burning.
Application: as a seasoning, spices, for pickling and pickling, for cooking homemade dishes.

Information from the label:

Variety "Indian Summer"

Short description:
Early ripe variety. Ripens in 4 months.
Shrub type plant. Suitable for cultivation on the windowsill and in the summer on the balcony.
Plant height: 30-40 cm
Fruit shape: spherical, round, ovate
Color: bright red in biological ripeness
Taste: spicy, with a pleasant aroma.
The grade is unpretentious, not bad makes out a shadow, perfectly grows in room conditions.
Application: for medicinal purposes, as a seasoning.

Information from the label:

Double abundance

Short description:
Early ripe hybrid.
For open and closed ground.
Fruit weight on average 50 - 80 g, thick wall
Form: trunk-shaped
Color: bright red
High yield. Long-term storage in dried form. Resistant to viruses and high temperatures.
Application: fresh, dried and for canning.

Information from the label:

The light

Short description:
Mid-season.
For open ground and film shelters.
Fruit weight average 20 g
Form: narrowly cone-shaped, long, glossy fruit.
Color: green in technical ripeness, dark red in biological ripeness.
Taste: spicy, strong, peppery flavor.
Plant height: 45-55 cm
Resistance to bacteriosis and verticillary wilt.
Application: for canning and home cooking.

Information from the label:

Queen of spades

Short description:
Mid-season.
Suitable for growing on the windowsill, balcony. Refers to the decorative varieties of bitter pepper.
Shape: conical
Color: in technical ripeness purple, in biological dark red
Plant height: 20 - 30 cm
Taste: hot, aromatic
Application: for seasoning, spices, canning.

Information from the label:

Tone

Short description:
Medium early.
For open ground and film shelters.
Fruit weight average 15 g
Shape: conical
Color: green in technical ripeness, red in biological ripeness.
Information from the label:

Salute

Short description:
Medium early.
For greenhouses, balconies, open terraces, in room conditions.
Fruit weight average 6 g
Shape: conical
Color: dark green in technical ripeness, light orange in biological ripeness.
Plant height: 20 cm

Information from the label:

Varieties of the State Register

A total of 69 varieties of bitter (hot) pepper are registered in the State Register. Here are some of them:

Unbreakable classic

Habanero

For cultivation, including, as a pot culture.
Fruit weight: up to 15 g
Shape: heart-shaped.
Color: orange, red, chocolate.
Taste: hot.
It is recognized as one of the sharpest varieties of bitter pepper in the whole world. High yield. Requires regular, abundant watering.

Jamaican red

For cultivation, including, as a pot culture.
Precocious.
Shape: resembles a bell
Color: red.
Regular watering and fertilizing.

"Fiery bouquet"

It is a representative of the group of early ripe varieties of bitter pepper, and according to the description it is close to the previous variety.

The “fiery bouquet” also possesses powerful stocky shoots that stretch in length up to 40–50 cm and can develop safely without tying up to the supports. Fruits form in the shape of a cone and reach a length of up to 12–13 cm.

Ripe specimens are poured in a bright red shade, but lose in weight compared with the variety "Adjika". The average weight of one copy is 15–25 g. The flesh is also red, but not so fleshy.

The taste of pepper is very bitter. Hostesses recommend it for home canning, and lovers of spicy dishes celebrate the excellent taste in dry and ground form.

"The language of the dragon"

Mid-season variety "Tongue of the Dragon" is characterized by bushiness and sturdiness of stalksThis is a very tall plant that reaches a height of up to 1 m. The fruits are elongated, resemble in shape a long pod of red color with a curved end and flattened sides.

In appearance, pepper really resembles a tongue up to 15 cm long. The average weight of one vegetable is about 6–7 g. The taste is very pungent and hot.

"Indian elephant"

By maturity This variety refers to mid-season. For full ripening of fruits, which are characterized by excellent spicy smell and rich red or green color, 130 days is enough.

Before the fruit begins to ripen, the vegetable shrub is drawn up to 80 cm and well branched. Ripe fruits resemble the trunk, have a distinct aroma. The crop of this plant is used for drying, home canning and paprika production.

"Falcon's Beak"

Hot pepper of this variety is attributed to mid-season species and it is noted for its high yield, good taste and commodity qualities, as well as a high level of resistance to various diseases.

The plant reaches up to 75 cm in height and is a fairly compact bush. From the moment of planting and before the start of fruiting, more than 110 days are needed.

Fruits are characterized by green and dark red hues, narrowly conical shape and strongly sharp flesh. The thickness of the walls of ripe pepper about 3-5 mm, and weight - 3-4 g

With one square meter of area, with proper cultivation, you can collect up to 2.5 kg of crop. Use it in fresh and pickled form.

"Fire Maiden"

Feature of the variety is a tall and sprawling bush, the stems of which reach up to one and a half meters, and the fruits belong to the early ripening. The peppers themselves - drooping, have the shape of an elongated cone, with green and red coloring.

The weight of each fruit is about 3.5 g. It tastes hot, very sharp. Suitable for canning, drying and raw consumption.

The early ripe grade to which excellent sharpness and saturated red color of fruits is peculiar. Culture develops rapidly, forming compact bushes up to 60 cm in height. Peppers are formed cone-shaped, up to 14 cm long. Weigh an average of 30-60 g each. Possess a pleasant aroma.

This is a very early variety. For full ripening of fruits, from the moment of planting, the plant needs only 90 days. Culture develops as a compact bush with a height of no more than 60 cm.

The ovary is formed by bundles. Fruits resemble an elongated cone up to 10 cm long in green and red. Possess a subtle pleasant aroma and burning taste. The weight of each pepper on average 25-30 g. Harvest is used for marinades and cooking spices.

"Chilean Heat"

Superearly hot pepper variety. For full ripening after planting, the plant needs about 75 days. They all ripen in the form of a regular cone up to 25 cm long.

It has a glossy thin skin and medium-sharp flesh. Vegetables have a specific spicy flavor. They are used to make soups, meat dishes, marinades and sauces.

"Magic bouquet"

This variety belongs to early maturing. Its fruits appear on the stems 75 - 80 days after planting. They are directed upwards, developing in the form of red and dark green, sometimes slightly brown cones, assembled in brushes of 8-10 pieces.

Each pepper weighs on average about 3 g. The flesh is pungent, the aroma is pronounced. The height of the bush is about 75 cm. Harvest used mainly raw for cooking Caucasian cuisine.

Hot pepper varieties for indoor growing

What could be better for gourmets than growing a beloved, burning vegetable at home on the windowsill or in specially designated corners. Such species exist, they are classified as sharp decorative pepper. Such types of this vegetable mainly have small bushes. They are used with great success for cooking.

What can grow hot peppers on the windowsill? Varieties that are chosen most often:

  • Hungarian yellow. Early ripe, resistant to cold. Small, elongated fruits that do not exceed 65 g. Weight, have a yellow color at the time of ripening. Ripe fruits are red. For severity refers to semi-bitter. Suitable for people who prefer a milder taste. Excellent variety of hot pepper for indoor growing.
  • Filius Blue. Compact decorative, its fruits are small in size and strong burning. Color ripe vegetable - red. Many use it as a main ingredient in the preparation of chili sauce. Also, it is added to adjika, thanks to which it acquires excellent sharp taste.
  • Candy Treats late grades of hot room pepper. His bushes do not exceed 40 cm. Growth. Its feature is that the fruits grow protruding pods of a small, compact size. Their surface is smooth, and the shape resembles a regular cone. Loves frequent watering. Because of this, its leaves seem always young.

Popular varieties of decorative hot peppers are Salute, Constellation, Small miracle. They have beautiful compact bushes with small red peppers and can easily decorate a window or balcony in an apartment, so not only spicy food lovers, but also flower growers are interested in them.

Description of hot pepper

Hot, hot, chili - these are the names of hot peppers and they are all true. Europeans owe the appearance of this plant to H. Columbus, who brought sharp pods after his famous journey to another continent.

Characteristic

The plant belongs to the family Solanaceae, is, like many tropical cultures, light and heat-loving. Height varies from 30 cm to one and a half meters (it all depends on the variety). There is a lot of varieties of bitter pepper, therefore gardeners always have a choice, what grade to choose for themselves.

The leaves are oval, different, from light green to purple color. Fruits are pods, from one and a half to 15-16 cm long. Their shape is also different, and there are not only classic elongated pods, but also fruits that resemble a berry, a turban, a barrel.

In the period of technical maturity the pods of such peppers are usually green, although the shade of the skin can be creamy, yellow. At the stage of full maturation, they are usually red, and the shade may change several times - from green to yellow, purple, bright scarlet or orange.

In terms of the growing season, like many other vegetables, pepper is divided into groups:

When choosing a variety for the site, it is necessary to take into account the time when the first fruits begin to ripen, as well as the height of the bushes, the degree of sharpness of the fruits. Bitter pepper can be very well grown at home, picking low-growing varieties. Today, in specialized stores a huge selection of peppers is sold for every taste, so it is possible to purchase varieties of any height, sharp, semi-sharp, for planting in open ground, in greenhouses or greenhouses, on the balcony.

In order to have time to get a crop, the culture is grown in a seedling way. Bitter pepper is one of those garden representatives, the sowing of seeds for seedlings of which begins one of the first.

Marina, Odessa

I decided to try to grow a pepper Miracle of the Moscow region, as it needed a not very sharp variety. Early, arrived in time for the time of blanks. The fruits are very beautiful, even, hooks do not fold. But the taste - it grew not at all spicy, but some kind of bland. It looks beautiful, but there was not even a little sharpness. I couldn’t even sell it, because everyone needed sharpness. I had a lot of fruit, I cut the pods into mugs and dried them. In winter, they were added to soups, gravy, but again there was a “minus” - thick skin. Therefore, I give up this variety, and I will not grow.

Julia, Elektrogorsk

At the cottage I grow a variety of hot pepper Adjika. I tried different peppers, but the sharpness of the whole family brought to the court this particular variety.

Bush high, well, the fruit is very bitter. Soot is always only three bushes, enough for everything. She made a marinade, it turned out that she didn’t take it in her mouth (she really likes her husband). And so I sharp fruits land, then I grind and as seasoning I use everywhere. By the way, she grew up the Chilean heat, which is also sharp, only after drying, I have only some shells left. But Adjika fits great.

Valentine, Tver

Some years already soot a grade the Bouquet of the East. Wonderful pepper and I think that one of the best. The bush he grows up to about 60 cm, a lot of fruits. The severity may be different, and I concluded that temperature affects it. In the hot summer, the fruits were impossible bitter, but in the last cool season - quite to yourself. But I dry it in any case and use it as a spice. On the bushes of peppers a lot, they blush quickly.

Benefit or harm

Bitter pepper normalizes blood circulation. It prevents the development of vascular diseases, Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease. Useful for prevention:

  • lowers cholesterol,

Medical applications

Most often, hot pepper is used in medicine:

  • Dried and ground fruits are used to make sticky peppers. It is used as a skin irritant for bleeding - for colds, pain in muscles and joints, rheumatic pains and arthritis. He just sticks to the sore spot and lasts for several days - he acts as an agent for warming up and helps very well.
  • In eastern medicine, ointments from it are rubbed into the skin with some inflammatory diseases and with the flu - this prevents complications after them.
  • This is a great meritorious and antipyretic. It is mixed with honey 1: 1 and taken on a teaspoon 3-4 times a day, you can with milk.
  • A piece of red pepper is placed under the tongue or allowed to sniff when fainting.
  • If your feet are very cold, put pepper dressing on your feet.

For nails

Masks with red pepper accelerate the growth of nails and strengthen the nail plate. Nails from these masks become healthier. In this case, the mask treats nails, prevents the development of fungi.

They can be done both on arms and legs.

When the hair gets to the roots, rub in diluted pepper tincture - this causes a rush of blood to the roots, and this strengthens them. The hair from this procedure is better and more likely to grow.

These masks can not be more than 2 times a week - for 15-20 minutes, both for nails and hair.

Anti-cellulite drug

Extract of red pepper is added to the cream, which is rubbed into the body with cellulite. Capsaicin in red pepper contributes to the resorption of adipose tissue. If such a cream is simply applied on the palms or feet before going into the frost, they will not freeze for a long time.

It is very pungent, when cleaning you should be careful - its essential oils in high concentrations can irritate mucous membranes and even the eyes. In difficult cases, even burn. It is also necessary to protect the hands when cleaning the pepper - cellulose can irritate the skin. It is better to work with gloves and not to touch the eyes.

Bell

These fruits have the original shape of a bell-shaped flower. Upon reaching biological maturity, they acquire a scarlet color. They differ in the combined taste: the “petals” are sweet, closer to the heart, the sharpness is felt. Spicy seasoning for meat dishes.

Fire Dragon

Middle aged, versatile variety of bitter pepper. It is cultivated on the open areas and in film greenhouses. Forms a powerful, branched shrub up to a meter. Fruits are up to 10-12 centimeters long, slightly flattened with a wall thickness of up to 0.8 millimeters and weighing up to 20 grams.

Hybrid pepper Shakira F1 has a high yield. Fruits ripen at the end of the second month after planting seedlings in the soil. The plant is an open type. The fruits are uniform, with a glossy shine, with a sharp taste, 3-4 cm in diameter and 16 to 18 cm long, during dark green and biological maturity it is dark red during technical maturity. It is cultivated in open soil and in film greenhouses. This plant is resistant to the virus of tobacco mosaic races 0-2.

A variety of medium ripening period. The maximum height of the sleeve is 60 cm. It is heat-loving and therefore it is better to grow under film in cool areas. The fruits have a conical shape, rather long - 15-20 cm. The color of immature fruits is light green, fully ripening - red. The flesh is fleshy. The taste is quite sharp with a pronounced sweet note.

It belongs to the most compact varieties. The bush grows to a height of 15 cm, the round pepper also has a miniature size. As it ripens, the color changes several times: first green, then cream, yellow, and finally red. For this plant with round fruit is enough for a small one-liter pot. Peppers with moderate sharpness.

One of the most decorative varieties. The leaves have an unusual shape, resembling a boat, with edges twisted inside. Peppers are round, small, resemble rowan. Fruits are placed inside the leaves.

Indian summer

The plant grows well in the shade and does not require special care. Forms a compact three-dimensional shrub with small leaves. The flowers are white or ink shades. Peppers grow in different shapes and colors, there is a pronounced sharpness.

Habanero Red

This variety brings very hot fruits, high yield. In the form of peppers resemble physics. They reach a size of 4 cm, peel with a ribbed surface, have a pleasant fruity aroma. The weight of one fruit is 15 g. The bush requires abundant watering.

Homeland pepper Habanero is Mexico. This vegetable belongs to the most burning peppers, and also the vegetable has several types. In this article, you can learn about the features of other types of Habanero pepper.

The grade brings small fruits of a round form, it looks decorative. The tip is slightly extended. Fruits change their color as they ripen, so multi-colored peppers appear at the same time in the bushes.

This variety is characterized by a beautiful shrub of small size - up to 40 cm. It belongs to late-pepper, loves heat and light, and abundant watering is necessary for the plant. Fruits of different colors grow on the bushes at the same time, they reach 7 cm in length. The yield is very high.

Indoor plant

The first shoots usually appear already on the 15th day. Be sure to hold the tip of the arrow so that the plant does not stretch. As for the collection, it is usually carried out 30 days after planting the seeds.

Room pepper, care for which includes the introduction of organic fertilizers, needs good lighting and regular feeding with a weak solution of flour and chicken manure.

Pepper blooms in small white flowers, which gives it a decorative, spectacular look. Do not forget about abundant watering and loosening the soil.

Note that peppers are tied without artificial pollination. After cleaning the indoor pepper requires a so-called rejuvenation. To do this, it must be transplanted to a new land without damaging the root system.

Growing at home

To plant pepper, you can prepare the soil mixture yourself. This will require:

Perfectly you will feel the pepper in a mixture of river sand and turf. The easiest way to prepare the ground for planting is to go and buy ready-made mixture for pepper, eggplant and tomato seedlings.

Planting seedlings

First, germinate the seeds, wrapping them with wet gauze at room temperature for at least 25 degrees, then:

  1. After the shoots emerge from the seeds, we plant them to a depth of about 1 cm in containers prepared for seedlings (crates) or peat pots. The day before planting, the prepared soil is watered abundantly.
  2. After the seeds are placed in the ground, the planting box is covered with a film or glass.
  3. Then the seedlings are placed in a warm, quiet place and waiting for the seedlings to appear.
  4. After the shoots appear, you need to wait until 3-4 leaves appear on the shoots.
  5. The resulting seedlings are placed in decorative clay pots with a volume of about 1-1.5 liters.

In the pots there should be a hole for the outflow of excess water, and you should also know:

  1. What is worth taking care of the drainage, it should be put on the bottom of the pot.
  2. Pepper pots are best placed on the sunny side - in the south, southeast, or southwest.
  3. If the lighting is inadequate, the weather is always overcast, then you must provide additional lighting for the plant.
  4. Hot peppers love regular watering. To do this, use standing water at room temperature, pouring it into the pan when it dries.
  5. In the spring and summer, every two weeks, the plant needs to be fed. Complex mineral fertilizers for domestic plants are suitable for this. Feed the pepper after watering, the fertilizer is added directly to the pot.

Open ground

Planting in the open ground is carried out after the threat of night frosts passes - bitter pepper does not look like frost. Since this culture prefers bright fertile soil, the ground should be prepared in the fall, but if not, the spring is also not too late.

If you are preparing the soil in the fall for growing peppers, manure of any origin is introduced:

An excellent option would be horse or cow dung, but due to the chemical composition that they cannot be brought in immediately before planting, the tender roots of bitter pepper can get chemical burns and the plant will die.

In spring, the earth breaks through, introducing humus and superphosphate. You can apply humus and fertilizer directly during planting - in the hole. Plant plants can be located between the holes of 20-45 cm, depending on what kind of bitter pepper to grow.

You can also watch a video where you will be told how to sow the hot pepper on the seedlings.

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