Forget-me-not can be considered one of the most popular flowers that grow on Russian sites and not only. They love this spring beauty in Europe, separately dedicating to her whole flower beds. Its name has long become overgrown with legends, and a variety of varieties allows it to be used for both single and group plantings.
Beauty forget-me-not (video)
The number of varieties of forget-me-nots is estimated at five dozen, among which there are both annuals and biennials and perennials. Forget-me-not with pleasure grows on all continents, except, of course, Antarctica. The height of the stems reaches 40cm.
Most often, the forget-me-not is grown on sites as an annual crop. Shoots appear on the second or third week after sowing.
As for annual forget-me-nots, they grow in the Caucasus, where they are found in mountain forests. Forget-me-not related, lazistan and pleasant, which is perennial, but grown as an annual.
It is worth mentioning about other varieties of this flower. For example, Alpine forget-me-not is a wild species and has not been cultivated to date. But the forget-me-not Alpine garden just pleases with abundant flowering of gardeners for two years. Its most famous varieties are Victoria, Carmen King and Blue Ball. Forget-me-not marsh is a perennial, known for its varieties such as Thuringen and Semperflorens.
Photo gallery varieties of forget-me
Forget-me-not forest has many varieties with blue, pink and blue flowers. Amateur gardeners are familiar with the Blue Bird variety, grown as a biennial. Another type of forget-me-not growing two seasons - forget-me-not flower-spaced, with large flowers.
Another perennial - Forget-me-not Pompadour - perfectly decorates various flower beds, rabatki, lawns and balconies. Growing up to 30cm in height, she lives well in shady places and easily survives the winter without shelter.
Total kinship of forget-me-not has about fifty different species, many of which are quite radically different from others.
Among them are five of the most famous and popular:
- Forget-me-not forest - abundantly flowering plant on the forest expanses and edges. Possesses truly universal qualities of cultivation, being an unpretentious, but very beautiful flower.
- Marsh is another popular species, which has more demanding growing conditions compared to the forest forget-me-not. Most often they can be found in the marshland, at the grooves, streams. It blooms for a long time, which is why it is always called blooming.
- Field - in flowers it is similar to a forest view, with small bluish inflorescences. It is distinguished by a high stem, reaching a height of up to 60 centimeters, and all the foliage, like the stem and calyx, is strongly pubescent.
- Alpine - a small plant, as compared with the rest of the family, reaching a maximum of 15-20 centimeters in height. In this form, there is also a special subspecies, called Princess Maude, so called because of the spectacular blue-blue flowers.
- Azores - is distinguished by its dark blue shades of inflorescences, with a similarly alpine, small height of 15-25 centimeters. It is very sensitive and whimsical to care and cultivation, because it loves heat and especially light and loose soil.
Forget-me-not forest is a short two or three year old herb that belongs to the Burachnik family. The height of the flower is up to 40 cm. The stem is branching, wavy, covered with hairs.
Bottom leaves are petiolate, oval-shaped, and those that are located on the stems are oblong-lanceolate, framed by a large number of villi.
Flowers have a diameter of up to 1 cm, as a rule, of a blue shade, they are gathered in inflorescences, curls, 4–5 pieces each. The fruit is a peaked black nut. As the name suggests, this flower prefers woodland for its growth. It can often be found in the forests of Central Europe and the Carpathians.
However, breeders were able to adapt forest forget-me-not to growing at home and created many different varieties of this plant.
Forget-me-not prefers shady sites of the soil. It is in half-shady and shady areas that it can bloom from the last decade of May for 40-45 days. Of course, it is not forbidden to plant it in well-sanctified areas, but then the flowering time will be reduced to 20 days. This flower endures windy weather due to the morphological features of its structure. Therefore, you can, without fear, plant it in well-blown areas with drafts.
The soil for forget-me-not should be well hydrated. Perfect plot located near the reservoir. It is advisable to plant on the rich in vitamins, moderately fertilized soil.
It would be useful to provide good drainage at the site of future planting, because forget-me-not even loves water, but its excess can lead to rotting of the roots of a plant and pulling its stems.Loamy and sandy soils are very bad for growing this plant. because the root system of this flower is not suitable for existence in such conditions. In addition, such soils retain very poor moisture, which is critical for normal growth and development of forget-me-not.
Planting forget-me-not seeds
Forget-me-nots are flowers that can be propagated in a vegetative way, but flower growers give priority to using the sowing method. It is necessary to make sowing in the fall, so that from spring forget-me-nots could already bloom.
Seeds before sowing are placed in a saline water solution. Those who drown - are selected for planting.
Sow the seeds directly into the open ground, lightly sprinkled on top of the fertile soil. On top of the soil, paper is laid before the period of first shoots, which often occurs a week after sowing.
From the beginning of March, the seedlings are moved to a warm room in order to completely move away from the winter dormancy period.
The landing on the places of further growth is made at the end of April, during this period small buds can already be formed on young plants.
Transplantation must be accompanied by fertilizing, which may include potassium chloride, ammonium nitrate and superphosphate in a ratio of 3: 2: 1, or, for example, 1:10 mullein solution.
Forget-me-not does not require particularly scrupulous care. Remember to make frequent moderate watering, but do not overdo it, because excessively moist soil can cause irreparable harm to the health of the plant. When watering is recommended to direct the stream as low as possible to the ground.
The plant needs systematic feeding. Various solutions of mineral fertilizers are good for this purpose, but organic compounds are equally well suited.
The first light dressing should be made 14–15 days after planting, preferably before the beginning of the flowering period. In spring, a 3–5 cm layer consisting of a mixture of peat and compost is poured under the root of the plant.
Possible diseases and pests
Among diseasesaffecting this flower, there are brown and gray rot, false and powdery mildew.
These diseases should be treated with the timely removal of all diseased leaves, stems and flowers, as well as treatment with solutions of various fungicides, such as, for example, a 0.2% base solution or a 0.1% Topsin-M solution.
It is also suitable soap-copper solution, which includes a 2% solution of laundry soap and 0.2% solution - copper sulfate.
Of pestsaffecting a given flower is worth highlighting aphid, slugs and scoop. If you notice that your forget-me-nots have been attacked by some kind of insect, you should immediately spray the flowers with insecticide solutions, which the modern market offers a huge amount.
For medicinal purposes, you can use the entire ground part of the plant: the stems, flowers and leaves. It is recommended to collect forget-me-not during the flowering period.
After harvesting, the grass is spread out in a warm, dry place and dried. It is used, as a rule, in the form of teas, decoctions and tinctures.
Folk medicine claims that forget-me-not effectively helps with coughing, toothache, chronic bronchitis, pulmonary and intestinal tuberculosis, and various types of hemorrhages.
External use of this plant is recommended for skin rashes, dry eczema, eye diseases, snake and scorpion bites. Cultivating forest forget-me-not is a rather fascinating process that carries a huge emotional impact. During the flowering period, this plant will give you a lot of pleasant impressions, delighting with its magnificent appearance and excellent aroma.