General information

How is Physalis useful?


Physalis is an exotic berry for our latitudes. Nevertheless, every year at the beginning of autumn a lot of people begin to actively look for information about what physalis is, what its beneficial properties are, and how it can be eaten. Since the interest is great, we will try to satisfy it.

How does losing weight?

The berries of edible physalis have a benefit for losing weight. But this does not mean that the fetus has some unique fat burning properties.

Useful for weight loss properties Physalis philadelphica include:

  • anti-inflammatory activity that helps reduce the severity of chronic inflammatory processes that always occur in the body of people with a significant excess body weight,
  • ability to improve glucose control (important for eliminating insulin resistance - the main cause of weight gain),
  • low calorie content (53 kcal per 100 grams), combined with a very high ability to suppress the appetite - it was found that the berries of this plant contribute to the onset of a feeling of fullness much more than many other fruits.

How to include in the diet?

Physalis is a close relative of the tomato. But it has a sweeter taste. Therefore, it is eaten both as a vegetable and as a fruit.

As a vegetable, it is usually added to salads, like tomatoes. For example, served with onions, herbs, seasoned with sour cream or olive oil. You can eat and just like that - in fresh raw form.

Jam and jam are made from berries, I make candied fruits, sauces and fillings for pies and puddings. Eating options are many.

Examples of beneficial inclusion in the diet

Marinated Physalis. A classic recipe for marinating with the addition of hot pepper, a bit of sugar and vegetable oil.

And you can marinate without vinegar.

The composition of Physalis

The rich food composition allows the plant to be used in the treatment and prevention of most ailments. Physalis contains a lot of glucose and fructose, so fruits are an excellent source of carbohydrates.

In addition, the chemical list assumes the presence of such components as citric acid, saponin, vitamin B1, polyphenolic compounds and, of course, physicaline.

The fruit of the plant is concentrated retinol, riboflavin, pyridoxine and other valuable substances. For this reason, physalis is often replaced by the usual multivitamin complexes. As part of a lot of vitamin B12, the fruits are recommended for vegetarians, who often suffer from a deficiency of this substance.

Organic acids are present in the composition. These include apple, lemon, wine, ferulic. Lycopene gives the fruit a bright rich color. Also this element is a natural antioxidant, which is added to anti-cancer drugs.

Despite such an extensive list of substances and their beneficial properties, Physalis can be used in dietary nutrition. Its caloric value is 56 Kcal., It is a relatively small value.

Physalis benefits

  1. With diabetes. Fruits help to prevent and treat an existing disease, regardless of the stage of the disease. Inputs control blood glucose, so sugar does not "jump." In addition, Physalis in combination with medicines increases the effect of the latter. This facilitates the course of the disease and reduces its symptoms.
  2. With oncology. As mentioned above, many substances from the chemical list of Physalis elements are added to cancer drugs. Antibacterial, antioxidant properties in combination with flavonoids deduce free radicals and stop the effects of radiation therapy (with an existing ailment). The tumor begins to self-destruct due to the fact that Physalis blocks blood and oxygen supply to it.

Physalis damage

Undoubtedly, Physalis is valuable for the human body, but do not forget that the fruits are capable of harm.

  1. Medicinal decoctions and infusions based on berries are forbidden to drink for a long time. The course of treatment should not exceed 10 days. Next, you need to take a break for the same period.
  2. If you have been diagnosed with severe chronic illnesses, consult a healthcare professional before consuming any type of product.

Physalis is a peculiar plant. Undoubtedly, with the right intake, an exotic berry will help to significantly improve health and overcome some diseases. If you are in doubt whether to consume the fruit at all, consult with a specialist. It is important to choose or grow only an edible grade of Physalis, otherwise you can get a strong poisoning.

Medicinal properties of Physalis, when to use the fruit

Now let's figure out what they use Physalis. Primarily for therapeutic purposes: in the treatment of urinary tract, respiratory system, rheumatism, herpes, gout and other diseases. It is valued for its analgesic, antiseptic, hemostatic, choleretic, diuretic properties.

As a remedy, the roots and fruits of the plant are used. They are mined and dried in the fall, but the fruits are more often used raw. To do this, they must first be doused with boiling water so that a sticky wax-like coating will come off. The fruits have a sweet and sour taste with a slight bitterness. They are added to soups, canned mixed vegetables, salads. Accordingly, when asked whether physalis can be eaten raw, the answer is in the affirmative. Use them also for the preparation of second courses, caviar. Fresh fruits are crushed with juices, boiled jam, dried and dried.

With anemia and hypertension

The shamans of Central Asia knew the beneficial properties of physalisis and used the plant to treat hypertension, anemia, and senile constipation. In the latter two cases, the fresh fruit of the plant gives an excellent effect. They are recommended to use 2-3 times a day before meals for 5-10 pieces. Hypertension treats tea based on the covers of the fruits and leaves of the plant.

Broth for diseases of the stomach

A decoction of the fruits of Physalis, as a means to combat gastric diseases was used mainly in Bulgaria. They treated with a decoction not only gastrointestinal colic, but also hemorrhages, jaundice, gout, rheumatism, cholecystitis. It perfectly helps in the treatment of hemorrhoids and as a diuretic.

To prepare the broth, take half a gallon of water to take 20 g of fresh or dried fruit and boil them for 10-15 minutes. Then the broth insist until it cools. Strain, take a quarter glass 4-5 times a day.

Today, the fruits are recommended for the treatment of duodenal ulcer and stomach, hypoacid gastritis, diabetes mellitus, chronic cholecystitis. Small ripe fruits are taken in the amount of 10-15 pieces, larger ones - 4-8.

Boiled juice against angina and stomatitis

For these purposes, Physalis is used in Tajikistan, from which the treatment prescription came. It is recommended to grind the fruits of Physalis in mush or squeeze juice from them. Boil the resulting mixture over low heat with the addition of milk. Then cooked remedy give 3-4 Art. spoon 3-4 times a day for 4-5 days. During this time, stomatitis, tonsillitis and laryngitis are completely cured. If you take the mixture periodically, you can avoid recurrence of the disease.

Are dried berries useful?

Dried Physalis is also used in food. You can eat both the dried berries themselves, and a decoction of them. They also have beneficial properties, curing various inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract, including influenza, bronchitis, and the common cold.

Are there any contraindications

Many are concerned about the question of whether there are contraindications for the use of Physalis. Traditionally, it is not recommended for pregnant women and nursing mothers. Physalis berry, in addition to its benefits, can also bring harm to the body with people with high acidity. They can use the berries several pieces at a time, gradually increasing their number.

Since the terrestrial parts of the plant contain feselin and alkaloids, before using the plant, it is necessary to consult a doctor.

The rest of Physalis - a useful plant. It can not only decorate your garden or vegetable garden, but also have a positive effect on the body. It is only important not to use decorative varieties of culture for food.

Plant characteristic

Many gardeners love to plant this crop. It is an annual plant with beautiful lantern fruits. In appearance, the bushes look a bit like tomato and mandarin. The plant has a popular name - maroon, bubble. Physalis can be seen in the country from afar because of its orange or red bell-shaped cups. The bushes of the plant have curved stems and reach a height of 1 m. It belongs to the family of the nightshade. It is a flower, vegetable and fruit at the same time. Heads of flowers, like bells, hang down, forming very beautiful clusters. This property allows you to use them to create dry bouquets for the winter. In each flower a fruit ripens, resembling a small tomato.

The name of the plant is derived from the Greek language, where it means "bubble". Red lanterns are the shell of the fruit, but the Physalis flowers themselves are very small and inconspicuous. They appear in the axils of the leaves, like eggplants. After pollination, a small berry forms, and a cover resembling a flashlight grows from the sepals. At first it has a green color, but then it turns yellow and orange. Such reliable packaging - protection of the fetus from viral and fungal diseases. Ripe berries have a yellow, orange, red color, but sometimes they are green or purple. This is an unpretentious plant, so the wild variety is considered even a weed.

Is it possible to eat wild physalis wild?

It should be noted that this plant can be decorative and edible. By edible include vegetable and strawberry form. Vegetable slightly reminds bitter tomato. Are you wondering if you can eat fresh Physalis? It is possible, but the taste is bitter because of bitterness. Usually the fruits are first doused with very hot water. But strawberry has a sweetish taste and resembles fruit. It can be eaten raw. The berries of ornamental varieties of Physalis, which are planted in flower beds, cannot be eaten, they can be poisonous. Therefore, if you do not know whether Physalis can be eaten, make sure that you have a vegetable or strawberry variety.

Safe use of fruits

In Russia, not everyone knows how to use Physalis. But the Americans widely use it in their diets. Indeed, in nature, Physalis ordinary or wild is very common. Its fruits can be used in food. The red berries of this plant have this color due to the high content of lycopene (antioxidant). Vegetable and strawberry Physalis contains a whole range of useful properties, so it can be safely consumed raw. Only on the berries there is a wax-like film, which can very easily be removed with hot water. Vegetable Physalis is suitable for cooking second courses, and strawberry - for desserts. Often it is added to salads, pastries, sweets, bakery products.

Chemical composition

It should be noted that Physalis is a low-calorie product. 100 g of berries contain only 32 callas. This is a rich source of protein, because fat is only 1 g there. Vegetarians use it with pleasure. It is important to note that only ripe fruits can be eaten, unripe berries contain toxic substances (glycoalkaloids).

The chemical composition of the fruit is unique. They have a lot of vitamin A, B1,AT2, AT6. As part of the miracle berries are many elements of iron, calcium, zinc, copper, potassium, sodium. The following nutrients are still present in Physalis:

  • essential oils,
  • vitamin C,
  • alimentary fiber,
  • lycopene, pectin,
  • flavonoids,
  • tartaric, malic, citric acid,
  • phytoncides,
  • carotene.

The effect of berries on the human body, the benefits

The plant has a wide range of effects on certain human organs. Doctors say a high concentration of antioxidants in it, so there is no question of whether physalis can be eaten. Indeed, for health, the carotenoids and polyphenols present in it are so necessary. Physalis is widely used in medicine.

  • Powerful antioxidant. Prophylactic agent of oncology.
  • Anti-inflammatory agent. Helps to treat arthritis, gout, muscle and chronic pain, cardiovascular system.
  • Wrestler with hypertension. Lowers blood pressure, soothes the heart.
  • Assistant in losing weight. It is a low-calorie product.
  • Source of fatty acids. Reduces bad cholesterol.
  • The enemy of diabetes. Slows down the breakdown of sugar and carbohydrates in the blood.
  • Means for improving vision. Removes oxidation in the eyes, does not develop a cataract.
  • The product is good for the immune system.

Harm to man

It does not hurt to know and some cautions before using Physalis. In general, fruits have a good effect on the digestive system. Only people with high acidity of the stomach should be carefully taken berries. It is also not necessary to eat a lot of fruits at one time. Excessive consumption of ascorbic acid is harmful to the stomach.

Sometimes physalis can be poisoned. This may be due to the use of ornamental varieties of plants. You should also know that its leaves and the shell of the fruit are poisonous. They contain poisonous alkaloids.

Do not eat berries together with coffee, it can lead to tachycardia and headaches. Physalis can cause allergies in some people, which is dangerous even for life. Before you begin treatment with this tool, be sure to consult with your doctor.

Preparations of Physalis for the winter and main dishes

Low calorie berries allows them to be used in vinaigrettes, salads, cold appetizers. sweet varieties are suitable for making sauces, desserts, hot dishes, pastries, sweets, drinks. Many people love pickled fruit, marshmallow, candied fruit, marmalade. It is also a great base for jam and jam, vegetable caviar and cheese. Often cucumbers, tomatoes, cabbage, apples, pears, plums canned with the addition of miracle berries.

Dried strawberry physalis is very much appreciated. It retains all the useful properties. It is compared with the usual raisins.

It is very easy to pickle the fruits for the winter, because they are very similar in taste to tomatoes. You can store such seizure in the usual pantry. It can be pickled separately, and can be added to plums, tomatoes, cucumbers. Physalis is very tasty preparation not in a simple vinegar marinade, but on tomato juice. We offer you one basic recipe for marinating vegetables for the winter. To get started, prepare the following ingredients:

  • 0.5 kg of Physalis,
  • 3 carnation stuff,
  • garlic clove,
  • 3 black peppercorns,
  • Bay leaf,
  • horseradish sheet
  • 1 tsp salt,
  • 2 tsp. sugar,
  • 30 ml of vinegar.

First, spices and finely chopped garlic are placed on the bottom of the sterilized jars. Then they are filled with washed fruits. Salt and sugar are poured. After that, boiling water is poured into each jar and kept under a lid for 20 minutes. Water is drained, boiled and again poured into jars for 20 minutes. This procedure is done 3 times. Before the third pouring vinegar is added, boiled water is poured, and the jars are rolled. For further sterilization they still need to wrap.

Basic information about the selection and storage of berries

If you have to buy Physalis, pay attention to the shade. It should be saturated yellow or orange. Important is the elasticity of the fruit, dense and intact skin. In desserts and pastries, purchase strawberry variety. Vegetable Physalis is suitable for salads, appetizers, side dishes, pickling. Store fresh fruit in a cool, slightly moist place. In such conditions, they can lie for about 2 months. It is best to physalis in cardboard boxes with holes or lattice boxes. After a few days, look around the drawers, pick out soft berries and throw away the spoiled ones.