General information

Why broilers do not grow


Chicken broilers are hybrids obtained by interbreeding. Their main advantage is precocity. For 7 weeks of life, chickens gain 2.5 kg, by 2 months they weigh about 3 kg, and by 3 - 4-5 kg. Broilers are slaughtered for about 75-80 days. It is unprofitable to keep animals longer, since weight gain practically stops, but they will consume even more food.

Important! The main criteria for assessing the maturity of broiler muscle mass are breast and hip. With their sufficient and proportional development, slaughter can be carried out.

Rules for the care of broilers and chickens

As a rule, poultry farmers either produce broiler chickens in an incubator, or buy day-old babies. Anyway, before you get the chickens, you need to take care of the comfortable conditions for their further maintenance.

They keep broilers in cages or in a chicken coop. Many breeders in order to save space prefer to put the cells on each other, thus obtaining two or three-tier "high-rise buildings." When keeping chickens in a cage, their number should not exceed 18-20 birds per 1 m². Broilers should be provided with clean bedding, which is often sawdust.

Sawdust for broilers

The space should be equipped so that each chicken has free access to feeders and drinkers. If broilers tilt their heads down too much during a meal, you need to raise the dishes to a comfortable level for the birds.

The first week of life coverage of chickens should be around the clock. It is desirable that the light was red (the presence of infrared rays is necessary), since for kids it is softer and more comfortable. Next, the light day is increased to 14-17 hours with the replacement of the lamp with the usual one.

Important! Up to 15 days the temperature in the cells should be at least 29-30 ° C, then it is reduced to 23-25 ​​° C.

Care should be taken to ensure that broilers do not sit in the heat. Their habitat should be well ventilated, but this breed does not tolerate drafts. This is especially true for chickens aged 0-5 days. Temperatures above 30 ° C and below 24 ° C, the lack of light and drafts have a detrimental effect not only on newly hatched babies, but often cause the death of the entire livestock.

Following these tips will not have to wonder why chicks grow poorly and what to do.

The main advantage of broilers is that they are well gaining muscle mass, and their meat is ideal for human consumption. With improper feeding, living animals grow much worse, and in some cases this leads to various diseases.

In the first week of life, chickens can only be given millet and egg powder. Feed the kids wet food is not recommended. Giving them cottage cheese and boiled eggs is still early. Otherwise, it can lead to a breakdown of the digestive system and even death. It is desirable for babies to drink the drug veterinary first aid kit.

Important! Up to 7 days of age, chickens should be fed 8 to 10 times a day, from 8 to 14 days - 6 times, and then food intake occurs only in the morning and evening.

As food, older broilers can be given wet food or feed. When preparing the latter, one should personally prefer wheat, oats, corn, peas and barley. Feed must contain a sufficient amount of macro-and micronutrients, vitamins and minerals, otherwise the health of broilers will deteriorate, and weight gain may stop. It is recommended to add fish oil.

Green feeds can be given to chickens for about 5–7 days, but if they are too much in the diet of chicks, a disorder of the gastrointestinal tract can occur and diarrhea can begin. When this symptom ceases to give kids greens in such quantities, or completely removed it from the diet.

From the 12th to 14th day, chalk and shells crushed into flour are added to food. The presence of sand in the feeder is strictly prohibited.

Starting from the 10th day, meat and bone and fish meal are mixed into the feed.

Broiler water should always be fresh and clean. It can be mixed with potassium permanganate, but care should be taken that the liquid does not change color to pink. In this case, drinking not only will not bring anything useful to broilers, but may also worsen their well-being.

Water for broilers

Care must be taken to ensure that the troughs and troughs are always clean, so they are recommended to be promptly cleaned of all sorts of debris and dirt.

Power Problems

Quite often, poultry farmers are worried about the question: why do broilers eat poorly, what to do?

  • The reason for poor appetite in chickens may be improper temperature. With heat, the need for food is greatly reduced. In this case, broilers should be provided with free access of oxygen and give them more water to maintain temperature balance. If the temperature is too low, it should be raised to the optimum.
  • Diseases also cause a lack of appetite. Helminthiasis, which is common in animals, affects the goiter, esophagus and gastrointestinal tract. To remedy the situation, you need to give antibiotics to broilers and saturate their food with vitamins.

Helminthiasis in broilers

There are situations when broilers refuse to eat just mixed feed. The reason for this may be a mismatch of feed age of the bird. For example, after 30 days of life, the content of corn in feed 50% is the norm, and at first such a quantity is unacceptable.

Important! Immediately after birth, it is impossible to feed the chicks. You should buy pre-launch food in a specialized store or replace it with millet for a few days.

When buying food, you should carefully check it. If the feed is expired, it was kept in a damp place, then the refined grains can get into the feeder, and the poor quality food broilers will be neglected and will end up hungry.

Why broilers do not drink water

Broilers most often refuse to drink water if it is of poor quality. It is necessary to monitor the cleanliness of the water bowl, because birds often spoil it themselves, getting into a container with dirty feet. It is necessary to thoroughly rinse the container from sewage, as they contain bacteria that can cause diseases.

Various goiter diseases are also a cause of water rejection. They occur due to blockage by fungi of the genus Candida (candidiasis). Then the hen sits, ruffled, and does not move. Prevention of the disease consists in cleaning the cage (or chicken coop) and its treatment from various parasites.

Broilers don't drink water

Why do broilers grow poorly

The main reason why broilers do not gain weight is poor quality food. When growing broilers, you need to watch their feeding well. It is better to eat broilers on a schedule, and their food should be balanced. In the feed mixture there should be the necessary amount of vitamins and minerals, the presence of which can be achieved by feeding the bird high-quality starter feed purchased in a specialized store.

Another reason why broilers grow poorly can be an afflicted affliction. In the presence of helminthiasis or lesions of the gastrointestinal tract, weight gain stops and the animals stop growing.

If broilers are kept in an open pen, they will spend a lot of energy on movement. Then they stop gaining muscle mass, and ultimately grow to the right size not by 2-3 months, but by 5.

Why broilers do not gain weight well or do not grow at all

Unbalanced nutrition, or rather lack of protein in the feed - a frequent answer to the question: why do not broilers grow? It is the protein that plays the most important role in building muscle mass. Neglecting the purchase of high-quality feed and trying to save money, poultry farmers often do not think about future consequences for the growth of living creatures. Only high-quality, full of necessary elements of food will ultimately bring the proper result.

Lack of protein in the feed

Excessive mobility and activity also suspend the weight gain of the chicken, because then the birds will spend all the energy on movement, and not on weight gain.

To normalize the growth of broilers, it is necessary to eliminate all the causes of its delay. It is necessary to provide chickens with good nutrition, eliminate physical obstacles and ensure that this does not happen again.

Important! It is recommended to add a few drops of fish oil to the water, which increases the appetite and immunity of the hens.

Why broilers do not fledge

Feathers protect the body from low temperatures, wind and the influence of other factors, therefore, are simply necessary for the normal functioning of the body.

Normally, on the second day of life, a small amount of feathers appears in chickens, and by 3 weeks of age the bird is already fully feathered. However, sometimes the growth of feathers is late, which disturbs poultry farmers.

The delayed plumage of broilers can be explained by the fact that the growth of feathers is lagging behind the growth rate of the chicken as a whole. In this case, it creates the feeling that the bird is covered with feathers only on certain parts of the body.

Note! Chicken alopecia is the loss of feathers, which leads to baldness of the bird and is pathological.

Causes and alopecia, and lagging plumage are:

  • Incorrect content. Insufficient lighting, poor ventilation and drafts have a detrimental effect on broilers and can cause all sorts of diseases and disorders. Plumage also depends on these factors.
  • Feeding plays the most important role in the life of broilers. The lack of necessary components in the feed adversely affects the functioning of the organism as a whole, including the plumage.
  • Infectious diseases affecting the body, can provoke alopecia or stop the growth of feathers in broilers. To avoid problems of this kind, you need to monitor the health and appearance of chickens, the conditions of their housing and nutrition.

Important! For the prevention of baldness in the food you can mix fish meal, grass and add vitamins.

Tips and tricks from experienced poultry farmers

It is best to buy broilers in early spring (March-April). During this period, the chicks are stronger, healthier and easier to adapt to temperature extremes and weather conditions.

For example, you can compare the crosses of broilers COBB-500 and ROSS-308. The former have more massive legs and should be larger before slaughter. In ROSS-308, the main muscle mass is formed at an early age, and they have a lower survival rate. However, if you buy broilers ROSS-308 in the spring, and COBB-500 is closer to the middle of summer, then the cross ROSS-308 will be larger, and its weight will be greater than that of the "competitors". In addition, starting a bird in the spring, during the warm season it will be possible to grow two batches of broilers.

    Broilers need to be fed with greens. They eat with appetite chopped nettle, alfalfa, radish leaves. Grass should be torn or mowed just before feeding, so that it is fresh and juicy. It is necessary to start adding greens to food no earlier than 4 days.

Broilers need to feed greens

Broiler maintenance is a profitable business. Knowing the nuances of development and paying enough attention to the bird, for a couple of months you can get high-quality homemade meat, which is great for consumption, or start a business selling broiler meat.

The main causes of poor growth of broilers

The young growth usually shows the greatest activity in growth in the first four weeks of life. During this period, chickens need special care.

With the right content, broilers very quickly gain a living weight and, accordingly, their body must also develop in proportion.

If you notice that your pets are stunted and don't grow, you need to find out the causes and eliminate them as soon as possible. If you breed broilers, not for yourself, but for the purpose of selling, a non-standard size of carcass may have a bad effect on your business.

The reasons why broilers grow poorly are as follows.

Non-compliance with the recommended temperature

In order for the chicks to develop normally, they need to provide a warm room. This should be done from the first days of the life of broilers.

In the first 14 days, the chicks' immune system is formed; if the babies are freezing, then there can be no talk of strengthening the body. Remember that the temperature at which chicks are kept should be +30 degrees.

After two weeks, the thermometer can be lowered to +25 degrees.

Failure to eat

Maybe the chicks do not grow well because they are thirsty or hungry. In this case, the body mobilizes all internal reserves for the development of internal organs, respectively, for the growth of forces is no longer there.

These parasites affect the digestive system, the esophagus and goiter of birds, as a result, the growth of broilers slows down.

What to do if broilers do not grow well

Pay more attention to the conditions of the birds. The room where the young are kept must be dry and warm. It is necessary to completely eliminate drafts and equip good ventilation.

To maintain the required temperature, you can use oil coolers. Infrared lamps are well proven. They perform the function of lighting and heating devices.

If the birds do not grow well, pay attention to the lighting of the chicken coop. The length of daylight hours for broilers should be about 17 hours.

It is worth noting that bright lighting is not recommended. It will irritate the birds and may even lead to rasklevyu. Better to use softer lighting.

Well suited for lamps with red and blue light. They provide the necessary length of daylight hours and have a positive effect on the growth of birds.

Feed broilers need only high-quality feed, which contains a large amount of vitamins, minerals and calcium.

It is recommended to use compound feed, they will help to provide young growth with all necessary. When purchasing feed, make sure that it contains protein.

Chalk and eggshell will help provide birds with calcium. These ingredients must be included in the daily diet of birds.

To improve digestion, it is necessary to pour fine gravel and crushed shells into the feeders. They contribute to more rapid absorption of food, respectively, broilers begin to grow better.

By the way, feeding broiler chicks in the first week of life is necessary eight times a day. From the second week it is necessary to feed the young growth 6 times a day, from the third - 4 times. Make sure that the diet contains green food, for birds it is the main source of vitamins.

In order to prevent, chicks are recommended to give antibiotics and vitamin complexes. Do not forget about the mandatory vaccination and regular inspection of the entire population of hens by a qualified veterinarian.

If you are faced with helminths, then try using the garlic nilverm treatment for chickens. It can be purchased at any pet store. The drug is usually added to wet broilers for broilers.

As you can see, birds do not grow well due to non-compliance with elementary requirements. Give the chicken more attention and you will never encounter this problem.