Perhaps we should start with what celery is. It is a member of the Umbrella family, a vegetable crop and a herbaceous plant, which may be biennial or multiyear. More than twenty plant species are found throughout the world, but only a few are considered the most popular among them.
Most often, in our country, a biennial celery plant is grown, which bears fruit in the form of roots and greenery for the first year, and in the second - celery blooms and forms a fruit with seeds.
First of all, I would like to designate main types of celerywhich we will talk about today. This is celery leaf, celery stalk and celery root.
Celery leaf cultivation gives you the opportunity to get green and juicy leaves of the plant, which can be cut throughout the warm period.
Growing celery celery summer residents practice, as well as large trade enterprises working with fresh greens in order to obtain juicy plant petioles for preparing various dishes and even alcoholic cocktails.
Growing Celery Root, helps to get the roots of the plant, respectively, which in a good season can be up to 600-800 g per plant.
Celery varieties to give
When choosing a celery variety, each person focuses strictly on their own requirements, because each individual variety differs not only in its appearance, but also in its taste and field of application.
At the moment, quite a few celery varieties are known, but the following are in greatest demand:
- Celery leaf - Gentle, Kartuli, Cheerfulness, Zakhar,
- Celery stalk - Junga, Malachite, Golden, White feather,
- Celery root - Maxim, Diamant, Esaul, Gribovsky, Apple.
Among the varieties of plants presented, you can choose absolutely anyone, since by creating certain conditions and observing the agrotechnology of growing celery, you can get good results. But pay attention to what kind of plant you are most suited to, early or late.Which celery to choose for growing on your own site?
How to grow celery in the country?
If we talk about the cultivation of celery as a whole, the plant prefers quiet places with fertile soil and good light. But, it is quite real and a good harvest in slightly acidic soils, in partial shade, in this case you will not lose in the crop, but only get some of its changes, for example, a change in the aroma of celery leaves.
Celery leaf cultivation
Celery leaf is considered to be a fairly cold-resistant plant that can tolerate frosts or even hibernate as an adult without loss. At the very beginning of its development, celery grows weakly, and this is very noticeable. This is due to the small seeds and not very good germination, and therefore, experienced gardeners prefer the cultivation of leaf celery seedlings.
In order to change the germination of celery leaf for the better, they must be prepared. To do this, the seeds are soaked in a special solution, for example, in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, and left for several hours. After, the seeds are germinated on moist gauze for several days.
Sowing Celery Leaf Seeds
When the seeds are prepared, they can be sown in a special soil mixture. The best for this is considered to be a mixture of sand, leaf soil, humus and peat, a ratio of 1: 1: 1: 1. Sowing is done in early March, in ready-made wooden boxes with the specified soil mixture. Sow the seeds should be shallow, close up with peat powder. Further, for almost a week, until the seeds sprout, you will be required to withstand a stable ambient temperature within + 17 + 20 ° C. After the seeds sprout, the temperature should be lowered to + 15 ° С. Growing leaflet celery seedlings requires a clearly rationed daylight day, a certain temperature regime and accurate, timely watering (preferably through a sieve), only in such a case the seedlings will be strong and suitable for transfer to open ground. If, however, allow for errors, greens can just go to the growth. At that moment, when a young plant gives two true leaves, it should be dived with the pinching of the main root, which will contribute to the steady development of the root system of celery seedlings. The transfer to the open ground occurs in April or early May, the leaf celery planting pattern is 25-25 cm.
Celery breeding specialists say that the plant does not need to be planted into the ground very deeply so that the growing point is on the surface. After planting, the care of celery itself is very simple and does not steal a lot of time.
First of all, watch for the timely cleaning of weeds between the rows of planted plants, as well as systematic watering. So that a crust is not formed and does not stand on the surface of the soil, which does not benefit celery, it is constantly loosened, preferably after each watering. But in order to reduce temporary costs, you can mulch the soil, which will enable it to maintain the amount of moisture necessary for the growth and development of celery, eliminate the lush vegetation of weeds inside the celery bed, and also the formation of a crust. Adhering to the correct technology of cultivation of celery, you will be able to harvest in the middle of July - early August.Growing leaf celery in the country
Growing Celery Root
Due to the very long growing season, the cultivation of celery root is desirable to produce only seedlings. Growing root celery from seeds occurs almost as well as leaf celery, you only need to plant the crop a month earlier, after having prepared the seeds well.
Also, there are certain peculiarities of growing celery root, among which there is a double picking during transplanting, the correct preparation of seedlings and fertilizer to enhance growth and harvest strength for the season.
We also recommend you think about the very form of the plant, from which you need the root. Of course, in the process of growth, you can collect celery leaves, but it is worthwhile to limit the amount of harvest to a minimum, since only at the end of the season, the main organic matter from the leaves will begin to accumulate in the roots. In the other case, a good harvest can not be obtained.
Celery Root Care
Growing root celery from seeds is almost impossible, or at least not particularly interesting, and therefore, using the cultivation of root celery from seedlings, you must be very careful and careful in order to get decent results from your work.
Care is almost the same as leaf celery care, which means loosen the ground and water the plants systematically, plant mulch on a garden bed with celery and remove weeds that may appear around the planting.
Agricultural cultivation of root celery has some peculiarities, and the most important of them, which can affect the quality of the root crop, is hilling of the fruit during growth. It is strictly forbidden, it is recommended even cleansing the upper part of the root from the soil.
Harvesting root celery requires some preparation. 15-20 days before the start of harvesting, it is necessary to tear off the lateral leaves of the plant, and even more to remove the soil from the top of the fruit. Further, after the required period, approximately by the middle of October, you can begin to harvest the root celery.Growing celery root, basic principles
Growing celery celery
Initially, the cultivation of stalked celery from seed to seedlings is no different from the cultivation of leaf celery, but later, when planting seedlings in open ground, there are some features.
The seedlings are transferred to the ground, to the grooves, which exceed the planting depth of the leaf celery, their depth is about 10 cm. The apical bud is also not sprinkled with soil, but already after the onset of intensive growth, when the celery stalks begin to thicken considerably, hilling is performed. Throughout the growth season, there may even be a few hillocks.
In this way, juicy green petioles are freed from possible bitterness and become more tender, the cultivation method bears the original name - bleaching of petioles. Bleaching is also supported by another special method: 12-14 days before harvesting, the petioles are tied into a single bundle and wrapped in paper, while celery is removed before frost.
Thus, cultivation of stalked celery from seedlings, general agricultural technology and harvesting do not practically differ from other types of celery, except for the moment of hilling and winding with paper for bleaching.Celery stalk: planting, care, harvest
Diseases and pests
Cultivation of celery from seed to seedlings, cultivation of stem celery, or even subsequent cultivation of celery root can be undone due to pests and diseases that attack plants throughout the maturation period. Correct agricultural practices, as well as prevention, can counter them.
To prevent bacterial blotch, heart-shaped rot, white stem stump, viral mosaic, black stalk and celery stalk base spreading in the garden and in the plants, it is necessary to strictly adhere to the basic standards for growing the plant. Among them, only timely watering, elimination of overwetting of the soil, thickening of planting, as well as the spread in the bed of weeds. Spreaders of diseases can be standard celery pests: scoops, larvae of carrot flies, various snails and slugs, which should be disposed of in time through prevention and spraying.
Also, a mixed planting, for example, with other herbaceous plants or vegetables, can be an excellent method to prevent crop loss.
Celery cultivation video
If you raise the issue of cultivation of celery in different regions, for example, the cultivation of celery in the Moscow region or Siberia, you can only come to one opinion - the right agricultural technology will allow you to get a good harvest almost everywhere. Naturally, some climatic conditions are not quite suitable for growing this crop, but then you can grow celery at home - prepare seeds, grow seedlings, transplant, provide care and get the desired yield.
Rassadny method of growing
Since the growing season is quite long (up to 180 days), then celery can be successfully grown only by seedling. And take care of the seedlings should be in advance - for its development must be at least 2.5 months.
All this time, the culture is better to be either in a well-heated greenhouses, or on solar windowsills. Seedlings should be transported to the open ground when they are fully confident that the frosts will not return (this time falls around mid-May).
Celery is a biennial plant, and adults easily tolerate zero temperature. But the seedlings from frost may suffer.
Landing in the ground
Planted celery in the ground at the same depth as in the seedling box. But for the survival of sprouts, their roots are first dipped into a clay “mash”, and they are waiting for it to dry completely. In the ridges of celery have rows.
At the same time, the distance between the crops is kept at 15 cm, and between the rows - 40 cm. But sometimes celery acts as a compactor, and it is planted on the edge of the bed (most often with cucumbers) or along garden paths. And then the distance between the seedlings should be about 20 cm.
To grow celery with a good yield, it is necessary to water the crop often, but not volumetric - 30 buckets of water are enough for 10 square meters. At the same time, it is necessary to do a measurement of weather conditions.
Over the entire vegetation period, the number of waterings varies in such limits: no more than 4 times in the rainy season, and about 6-8 in the hot summer. With dressing especially there is no need to philosophize. For the entire period, it will be enough to add a mixture of mineral fertilizers twice:
- The first batch is made 2 weeks after disembarking the garden bed. And it can be a mixture of the usual mineral fertilizers with the usual proportion,
- in the middle of the growing season in the mineral composition of the dose of potassium fertilizer should prevail.
Responsive root vegetable to slurry, so you can use it. But previously this fertilizer must be defended - fresh organic is not acceptable for any culture.
Loosening the soil is carried out as needed - when the earth will take a crust. For celery leaf, one more procedure is needed - bleaching.
The petioles in their lower part are wrapped with any non-smelling material (straw, burlap, paper, etc.). From this celery sheets will become more delicious.