Any summer resident with joy grows a jasmine shrub on a garden plot. After all, in the spring after flowering at the lilac dacha, its time comes, behind the lilac cloud of fragrance there comes a time of real incense of jasmine flowers (otherwise, chubushnik). Jasmine shrub belongs to the family of hydrangea. In the south, it can be found almost everywhere, even in forest plantations. There it can be trees and shrubs.
Growing jasmine in the country
We have in the Far East jasmine in the form of a bush is much less common. there are no trees as such at all. Recently, the rumor of people, advertising magazines for summer residents so praised jasmine, that many began to write it out from catalogs, share with their neighbors in the cottage and plant this miracle on their own sites. For me, the bush of the chubushnik is a fond memory of childhood, so when it was possible to acquire a sprout in my kennel, the happiness was great!
When and where to plant chubushnik
Planted jasmine, usually along the fence. Loves good wet lands. Very good at feeding. Plant can be both in spring and autumn. When planting a jasmine shrub in the fall, one must not forget that the plant must have time to take root, so that by the winter there are strength, and the grown plant does not die.
In the sun, in the warmth of jasmine quickly gaining growth, revealing its emerald-green leaves, picking up color. In his blooming splendor, he, in my opinion, overtakes even the bird cherry. When it blooms, the whole air is as if saturated with the scent of its bloom.
Good chubushnik responds to pruning and decorative haircut. If you wish, you can create a fairy tale at your cottage by planting a couple of jasmine bushes. One at the dacha we planted next to the irga (from which a wonderful jam is made), the gentle flowering of which perfectly sets it off. And when lilac grows next to the second one and lemongrass winds - the beauty in general! It will be something: fragrance, flowers, shape, magic.
The white airy flowers of the chubushnika, which are simply sprinkled with the branches of a huge shrub, exude a sweet, intoxicating scent that permeates all the air. By the way, in Persian, the name of the plant sounds like a “fragrant flower”.
Jasmine flowers have magical powers when you get tired, or you are not feeling well if you sit, admire, breathe in their scent and take everything off like a hand! Shrub fills with force, vigor, relieves fatigue. In addition, awakens romantic feelings.
All this magic begins at the beginning of summer, when it is time for the flowering of jasmine. Blossoms long enough, up to a month. The cultivated bush looks great in the landscape design of the cottage in the fall, when the leaves turn yellow-lemon and patterned lace sparkle in the sun.
Plant jasmine and care for him
It is worth talking about how to grow jasmine in the country. Knowing some of the features of jasmine will help you choose the right place for planting and then properly care for it.
- This plant loves both the sun and the shade. But in the sun it will grow and blossom much more actively.
- It takes root best in the early spring or in the fall, so this is the most favorable time for its landing.
Here, jasmine is absolutely not capricious, but on fertile soil, he will gratefully repay your care for his rapid growth and active flowering. But he does not tolerate stagnant water, so you need to pick a high place for his landing, or make a drain at least 15 cm out of a broken brick or gravel in the pit.
The depth of the pit under his landing needs 50 cm, then fill it with a fertile layer and add nitrophoska. We do not deepen the roots of the bush when planting more than 3 cm, then we sprinkle it with earth and pour it generously after tamping.
Jasmine grow easy. This shrub requires special care. In addition, a competent fit should be made. A beautiful shrub can be obtained if you pay attention to fertilizing.
The first feeding is carried out a year after planting.
Min fertilizers. In a 10-liter bucket of water, we mix - urea 15 g, superphosphate 30 g, and potassium sulphide 15 g. All this is stirred and poured under 1 or 2 chubushnika bushes. After flowering, you can add 20 grams of superphosphate and 15 grams of potassium to the soil.
Organic Excellent as a fertilizer slurry. It is diluted with water 1/10, then the bush will not get burned by manure. Once a year it will be quite enough such an organic feeding. You can also directly bury a birch or apple ash under a bush, 100 g under 1 bush.
Pruning and crown formation of jasmine
Particularly relevant is pruning, which forms the crown for high varieties of Chubushnik, because its branches grow very unevenly. So in your power to give the bush a symmetrical shape.
With the onset of heat in early spring, weak branches are shortened by half, and very long branches are pruned slightly. This will contribute to a more active vegetation of jasmine.
And over the years there are a lot of branches, and they become bare and begin to jam the plant. Then anti-aging pruning to help you.
In the spring of 4-5 trunks need to be shortened to half a meter, and all the rest cut right to the base. From fungal plants cuts well protect garden var. Zamulchirovat soil under a bush compost, and then shed a solution of mullein. During the period of active growth of the branches, it is necessary to pour 20-30 liters of water to each bush.
Sleeping buds, which then give shoots, must be removed completely. Leave only 2-3 strongest branches on each stump. They will form the basis of the new bush. A year later, jasmine will change, and after three more will delight you with a lush color.
A cosmetic and sanitary pruning are needed every year, it means to remove excess shoots, old flowers, thin out on time.
Preparing a bush for the winter
In order for you to have a jasmine shrub, as in the photo on the summer cottage, it must be properly planted. In addition, it is important to carry out and quality care for this plant. In this case, it is worth remembering some rules for preparing this plant for wintering. The only thing that threatens an adult plant in winter is frost damage to young branches, but this can be easily corrected in the spring with sanitary pruning. In principle, the shrub frost is not afraid and winters well.
But the young bush (up to a year) will need help in the form of a shelter with something light, and necessarily anchored from blowing off.
The roots can be protected from the cold by digging and then mulching the soil under a bush with manure, compost, and pine needles.
Properly overwintered in the spring spring will give you the charm of oriental aroma, the beauty of its flowers, and prikivayut rave views of all passing by people or guests of your home.
How to multiply it
There are several ways of breeding the chubushnik - seeds (the longest, it will bloom then only after 7-8 years), layering, or petioles, both green and stiff.
Small, as dust, jasmine seeds in December are sown on prepared ridges. There should be at least 15 cm of snow on the ridges. The beds themselves are prepared before the frost, until autumn.
Seeds, patched up the ground, covered with fir paws. In winter, the seeds are hardened. And in the spring, with the first heat, the melted snow nourishes the seeds with moisture. Soon after that you can wait for the first shoots.
Because of the hardening of the winter seedlings from seeds grow resistant to cold and not prone to disease.
Layers like seedlings.
In the spring, during warm weather, all shoots are cut from the bush. Over the summer, the bush will once again grow young shoots. Here it is - and you can put it on the layers.
At the top of the shoot, under the last developed kidney, you need to pull the stem with strong wire, steel or copper. After that, the root system will begin to develop. Now you need to tilt the shoots to the ground, in the prepared pits, There you need to fix it with wire and sprinkle it first with sand and then with peat.
After a month and a half, you will notice new shoots on them, you need to pile them up a couple of times with earth. In the fall, they can be shortened, separated from the mother bush and transplanted to a new place for growing.
Young cuttings for reproduction.
In June, it is optimal to do the preparation of shoots for reproduction. A young branch 10 cm long should not break when bent into a ring. This is the main method of selection of material.
It is better to start preparing the workpiece in the morning, at this time the branches have the most moisture, and they are more flexible. Bottom under the kidney is cut obliquely, and just above the top straight. And the leaves should not be completely cut off; it is enough to shorten them by half.
Rooting them is best in a greenhouse, there pour sand in half with peat, cuttings before planting withstand in a solution like "Kornevin" for at least 20 hours, for the rapid formation of roots. Planted at a depth of 3 cm, and at a distance of 5 cm. The lower leaves in the ground are not buried.
Next, 2 weeks in the greenhouse we spray the cuttings, hide from the direct sun and air the greenhouse. Then the roots will develop from the whitish points and then you need to accustom the plants to fresh air. Next, seedlings need to be moved to the garden and grow there.
Instead of a greenhouse, the whole process can be carried out right away in the garden or simply in the garden. Each cutting, planted at an angle, you need to cover a plastic bottle. The first couple of days we do not remove it, and then every day we do not forget to air it so that the plants do not suffocate.
Shoots with stiffness on seedlings.
In autumn, after leaf fall, when the jasmine leaves bare branches, you can prepare several shoots 15 cm long. Top cut straight, and the bottom, under the last kidney, diagonally. Now you need to put them in a box, pour in the sand, you can send them to winter in a cool place.
- In the spring, without waiting for the kidneys to swell, we plant them on the garden bed.
- By the fall, they will already have roots and first shoots.
- By dividing the roots, jasmine can also be propagated.
This is the fastest way to get a ready-made bush. To do this, on the uterine bush, it is necessary to divide the root system so that the root growth remains on each part. It is convenient to do with garden shears. But it is absolutely impossible to do this during the flowering period, set aside the procedure for October.
Jasmine sores and pests
In general, the pests do not like it very much, it is a strong plant. But just in case, from time to time you need to inspect it, all of a sudden insects will start. Folk remedies are quite suitable for dealing with them, especially the soap solution.
On jasmine can encroach:
- mealy worm,
- spider mite,
- soft false shield.
If the soap solution does not help, it is worth resorting to fungicide.
Useful tips on shrub care
Remember that some tips will allow you to grow jasmine very beautiful. Everything is simple here:
- Remove weeds.
- Loosen the soil.
- Fertilize with organic.
- Fertilize with minerals.
- Thin out from old or weak shoots.
- Pinch the tops for the formation of the correct shape of the bush.
- Water in a timely manner.
- Phosphates will support active flowering.
- Remove faded blossoms in time.
Jasmine in landscape design
This shrub is quite suitable as a hedge around the perimeter of the site, for this it will be enough to plant the bushes after 1 measure one from another, over time, growing, it will securely hide your estate from prying eyes.
The usual chubushnik starts flowering in early June, it is replaced by a small-leaf variety, followed by Shrenk's chubushnik, a bush with a translucent crown. Closes June bloom odorless Chubushnik. This is a variety suitable for allergies, because it does not smell. Chubushnik Lemoine joins him; it is one of the most beautiful varieties of jasmine.
Imagine on your site this whole collection, flourishing, replacing each other for a couple of months. There are also undersized species of this shrub, suitable for flower beds or rock garden.
And there are varieties that manage to bloom as much as twice in one season! Here are low varieties may not bloom at all, which again on the hand of allergies.
Ordinary jasmine looks great in a pair with lilac, a very beautiful duet is obtained. But the fringed variety will be more profitable to look at all separately from all, so it is better to plant it on the sidelines.
Comfortable conditions for jasmine, the choice of location and temperature
Jasmine is an evergreen shrub from the olive family, which is found in the warm belt of both hemispheres. It is cultivated as an ornamental plant with beautiful flowers.
If you are concerned about where to plant jasmine and what temperature will be optimal for it, then the information below is for you.For shrubs need open space with good lighting. In the shade the shrub will also develop normally, but the flowering will not be so long and plentiful.
Remember that the plant does not like waterlogged soil. When planting, make sure that the site was not high ground water level.
The minimum temperature that jasmine painlessly endures is 6 ° C. Therefore, in the winter the plant should be insulated or moved to the house. The optimum temperature for the plant is 18 ° C (in winter the acceptable temperature is 8-10 ° C).
How and when is it better to plant jasmine
To understand when to plant jasmine in the country in the spring, you need to make a start not only from the instructions, but also from the real weather conditions.
Jasmine planting is carried out in the month of May, so that the bushes better settled down. It is best to plant a bush in the evening in cloudy weather.
You can plant jasmine in the fall, in September, but in this case, it is worse to take root.
Prepare a hole for the bush, which should be larger than the root system. The roots are checked for the presence of disease and damage. If there are any, they are removed. Black earth or mineral-rich earthen mixture is poured into the pit. It is necessary to plant in such a way that the root neck is at the level of the ground (if you dig deep in, it can rot). After planting, the soil around the plant is tamped and moistened. To better preserve moisture, jasmine can be mulched with peat or dry leaves (the thickness of the mulch should be no more than 3-4 cm).
It is important to choose a suitable soil in which jasmine will feel comfortable.In the form of a substrate take a mixture of black soil, ash and humus. In this case, about 5 kg of chernozem take about 1 kg of humus and ash. Also, do not forget about the drainage, which is laid out at the bottom of the pit during planting. To do this, you can use crushed stone or gravel.
How to water jasmine
Jasmine does not require specific care, but the irrigation schedule must be strictly adhered to, so that the plant does not start dehydration.
The plant lacks rain moisture, so you need to water the shrubs on time. Before flowering, you need to water the plant at least 2-3 times. When jasmine blooms, the ground under the bush is kept moist.
In addition to watering, you need every week to loosen the soil and remove weeds that grow near the bushes.
Jasmine fertilizer, how and when to feed the plant
In addition to watering and loosening the soil, fertilizer is important for the shrub, which must be regularly applied to the soil. Therefore, we will further answer the question than to fertilize jasmine and when you need to make feeding.In the spring, jasmine is fertilized with manure, diluted in water (1:10 ratio). Thus, you feed the plant before the beginning of abundant growth and development.Two years after planting, you need to take care of the mineral fertilizer jasmine. To this end, at the end of the spring a mixture of 15 g of urea, 30 g of superphosphate and 15 g of potassium sulfate is introduced into the ground, which is diluted in 10 liters of water.
When jasmine pruning is needed and how to properly perform it
Jasmine pruning is carried out both for sanitary purposes and to maintain a neat plant appearance.
Pruning plants carried out in the spring (in late April - early May). At the same time, the main branches are slightly pruned, on which a lot of young shoots are formed over the summer.
Sanitary jasmine pruning is carried out only after flowering, and the shrub itself can not tolerate the removal of shoots when it blooms.
Under pruning fall sick, weak and dry branches. You also need to cut the shoots that grow inside the bush.Don't forget that Once in 4 years, you need to completely update the plants, while cutting off the ground shoots. In early May, the three main trunks are shortened to 30 cm, the rest of the shoots are cut at the root. Slices need to process garden pitch. The renewed plant quickly starts up young shoots and blooms well.
What you need to know about plant transplantation
Jasmine room transplanted in March. Young plants require an annual transplant, and adults every 3 years.
For young plants, the following substrate mixture is used for transplanting: clay-turf soil, leaf soil and sand in equal proportions.
For old plants 2 times the amount of clay-turf soil, when mixing soil.
Features reproduction of jasmine, as is cutting
Jasmine can be propagated in three ways: seeds, layering and grafting.
Let's start with breeding cuttings. To cut the stalk, take a sharp knife and disinfect it. Cut off the apical shoot so that 3 eyes are left. We make the upper cut 1 cm above the peephole (the top should be cut off), the lower cut - just below the peephole. Нижние листья с черенка удаляются, остаются только средние листья, которые нужно подрезать на 1/3. После этого черенок высаживают в земляную смесь (чернозём + речной песок).Substrate should not retain moisture, otherwise the seedling will rot. For planting they take a small pot, on the bottom of which lay expanded clay, fill the earthy mixture and plant a stalk so that it is deepened on the middle leaves. From above, the pot is covered with a glass jar and placed in a warm place (but not under the sun, otherwise the seedling will rot). After planting, you need to regularly water and air the young plant. The temperature in the room should be at 19-20 19C.
Reproduction by layering To do this, near the pot with the mother plant, put another one and fill it with soil, which repeats the composition of the soil in the main pot. Take a healthy runaway and bend it to the second pot. Scratch the bark in the place where the layer will be covered with earth. Sprinkle with earth, pour and wrap a film. Cut off the end of the shoot so that only 2-3 leaves are left on it. After the process is firmly rooted, it can be separated from the mother bush and rearranged to another location.
Jasmine seeds multiply impractical as varietal qualities are lost and the percentage of plant yield is very small.
Knowing the breeding options of jasmine and instructions on how to properly care for the plant, you can grow a beautiful flower in your garden and enjoy its flowering.
Briefly about the main thing
For a start, let's take a closer look at jasmine information. This shrub came to us from the Mediterranean countries. It is cultivated for decoration, and also used for medical purposes. Grows a bush with a large branched crown. Very beautiful blooms white or yellow flowers. They have a sharp, but pleasant and sweet smell. To date, there are many subspecies of this plant, so the shape and size of the buds depend on it. The plant is unpretentious in care and adapts to any weather conditions. It is easy to live in the shade or in the sun, in the south or in the north. The plant is able to withstand severe drought and heavy rain. This flowering shrub like bees. They collect pollen and nectar from buds. Jasmine has its own unique features, which you should also be aware of.
What is the peculiarity of jasmine?
As soon as fresh buds bloom, a large amount of essential oil is formed in them. It has a beneficial effect on a person’s libido. The main parts of the essential oil, such as benzyl acetate, benzene alcohol, jasmon and other ingredients, have one main feature - they restore sexual function in the human body. From jasmine flowers, you can prepare a decoction that will help you restore digestive function. It also helps to easily eliminate toxins and improve blood circulation. This is, at first glance, an ordinary flowering shrub, and hides a lot of useful functions. Regardless of which jasmine varieties adorn your plot, they all have healing properties. Having planted such a shrub at the dacha, you will receive a unique decoration that will guard your health. It is necessary to make out how to plant jasmine in the spring and why it should be done at this time of year. But first it is worth considering the available varieties of this magnificent flowering shrub.
On your site you can grow the following types of shrubs:
- Small-leaved. The shrub grows small. Its height reaches only 1 m. The branches are large, curved, with double leaves. Flowers have a pronounced aroma of strawberries.
- Common coronet. This is a large variety of shrubs. Its height can reach three meters. White large flowers have a sweet aroma. It will delight you with its beauty from the beginning of June. The leaves are green with a yellow-golden color.
- Fluffy. Ideal for large areas or city park. Among all representatives of jasmine, this is the highest. Its length can be up to 4 meters. It does not smell at all. Also this sort is the latest. May bloom for a month.
- Gornostaeva mantle. This bush in height does not reach even one meter. Flowers are arranged along the entire length of the branches and can please you for two long months.
These varieties are considered the most popular. They are in great demand. The plant can be chosen for every taste. Everything will depend on your preferences.
Proper jasmine planting
In order for the shrub to grow well, you need to properly plant it and continue to produce permanent care. All varieties of jasmine are planted equally. Let's look at what is necessary for the favorable growth of the shrub.
- Need to choose the right place. Since jasmine - unpretentious plant, it will take root anywhere. The main thing is not to have strong drafts. They prevent the bush from growing in the first 2 years of its life. Better if you choose a sunny place for it, then jasmine will smell and bloom for joy.
- The plant will look good in a flowerbed next to blue and purple flowers, such as delphinium or lavender.
- Jasmine gets along well with neighbors such as hydrangea or spirea.
- It can only be planted in autumn or spring.
We are interested in planting jasmine in the spring. Let us examine more specifically this question.
What should be the soil?
As we said earlier, jasmine is an unpretentious plant, so it has no particular preferences in soil. But it is better if the land is fertile. Jasmine roots do not tolerate excessive moisture. It is better to plant the plant on the heights. Before planting it is necessary to provide drainage, which will consist of sand and small stones. To plant jasmine in the spring was successful, in the well is to add about 50 grams of nitrophoska. As soon as the shrub is planted, the ground is well rammed and shed water. Now it is necessary to carry out permanent jasmine fertilizers.
How to plant jasmine in the spring, we have disassembled. Now let's pay attention to plant nutrition. Here are some tips:
Tip 1. The first fertilizer should be made only one year after planting plants in open ground.
Tip 2. Jasmine should receive mineral fertilizers. One of these is prepared according to the following recipe: in 10 liters of water, 50 grams of superphosphate, 25 grams of urea, 25 grams of potassium sulphide should be mixed. The fertilizer is thoroughly mixed and the bush is watered.
Tip 3. Jasmine should receive in the right amount and organic fertilizer. These include manure or humus. Here it is worth observing one rule: in order to not burn the roots of the plant, the manure is diluted with water at a ratio of 1:15.
Following such simple tips, you will receive a plant in your garden of amazing beauty that will delight you with its pleasant aroma. Now we know not only how to plant jasmine in the spring, but also how to fertilize it properly. But this plant care is not over yet.
The rules of crown formation in the bush
How to cut jasmine in the spring, everyone should know the owner of this wonderful plant. To have a beautiful bush and well-groomed appearance, you need to form the correct crown.
It is worth getting acquainted with some basic rules for pruning:
- Crop stands in the spring when the plant is in vegetation. Long branches clean completely, short - half.
- To the branches were always filled with flowers, it is necessary to carry out anti-aging pruning. Removed all unnecessary and empty branches.
- In an adult shrub main trunks should be shortened to 50 cm, the rest completely.
- Every year, be sure to sanitize the bush, in which remove excess and diseased branches.
Having understood how to cut the jasmine in the spring, it is worth learning how to prepare it for winter.
Jasmine home needs the same care as the street. However, the latter must be constantly, every year, prepared for winter. If this is not done, the plant may die from low temperature.
To avoid this, you should follow some recommendations:
- Adult seedlings tolerate the cold season better and do not require additional preparation.
- The same can not be said about young bushes. After jasmine has faded, it is covered with a special material or straw. So the plant will endure a harsh winter well.
- To preserve the roots of jasmine, before wintering the soil near the trunk of the plant is dug up with the addition of compost.
If, after a long winter, you decide that jasmina needs to grow elsewhere, then you can arrange a move.
Jasmine is transplanted in spring. To do this, prepare the soil in a way known to you in the new place and plant a bush. Dig a hole to the size of the root system of the plant. Everything else should be produced according to all the rules and advice. Also, the plant itself can be propagated. There are several ways to do this.
Jasmine - this is a plant that can be bred on your site. This can be done by several methods:
- Seeds. They can be planted immediately in open ground or seedlings.
- Cuttings. They are harvested in June. Then planted in a greenhouse or immediately in open ground.
- Shoots. In the spring begin to prepare shoots. They are cut from the main trunk. Escape choose the strongest. He is given to spend the winter, and next year he is put in the place reserved for him.
- The division of the root system. This method is used extremely rarely. This method is used only when they want to quickly grow another jasmine bush. This method is appropriate only in the autumn period.
In the article we looked at how to plant jasmine in the spring. Use this information as a desktop memo, and you will be able to grow a jasmine garden. The main thing is not to be confused with absolutely two different plants - jasmine home and garden. They are completely different from each other and require a different approach. Remember, jasmine is not only beautiful, but also useful. Want to improve your health? Then you just have to start on this site this miracle plant.
Features of garden jasmine
Such a plant as garden jasmine is quite possible to grow on absolutely any site, but remember that it requires special care. Before you start growing this flower, you must first find out all the details about the care it needs. However, you should first learn about this kind of jasmine better.
Hail garden jasmine from the Mediterranean. This plant has healing properties. However, most often it is grown as an ornament for decorating summer and garden plots. This shrub has a very spectacular lush crown. It is most beautiful during the flowering period, when the branches bloom with yellow or white flowers, collected in inflorescences. They are incredibly fragrant. Garden jasmine has a large number of different subspecies, which differ from each other in the size of the flowers. These plants are distinguished by the fact that they are able to adapt to almost any weather conditions.
Garden jasmine is quite undemanding to the landing site. So, it grows very well and develops in both sunny and shady places. It can be planted both on the south and on the north side of the plot. It tolerates drought and high humidity quite well. Various insects, including most bee species, love to collect nectar from the jasmine bush.
The uniqueness of garden jasmine
In the period of flowering in the flowers there is a large amount of essential oils, but only in those that have blossomed recently. They have a beneficial effect on human well-being. Benzyl alcohol and jasmine benzyl acetate can normalize a person’s sexual libido. The buds of such a plant are used to make a special decoction, which has the ability to normalize the work of the digestive organs. Also, the substances contained in garden jasmine, can cleanse the body of toxins, as well as strengthen the immune system. In any of the varieties of this jasmine are substances with medicinal properties. Jasmine bush will not only be a great decoration for your site, but will also significantly enhance your health.
In order for cultivation to be successful, it is necessary to know at what time and how exactly to plant this flower in open ground.
Small leaf jasmine
This is a fairly compact shrub that is almost never more than 100 centimeters tall. In such a plant, leaf plates are rather large and curved. Flowers have a very pleasant smell, reminiscent of strawberries.
Jasmine coronary plain
The shrub is large enough. So, it can be in height from 250 to 300 centimeters. During the flowering period, such a jasmine bush is decorated with very large and beautiful inflorescences that emit a pleasant sweetish smell. The sheet plates are painted in a rich golden color.
This plant is recommended to grow in parks or in fairly large areas. The bush can reach a height of 400 centimeters, and it is the tallest plant of all types of jasmine. However, the peculiarity of this plant is also in the fact that its lovely flowers do not possess aroma. This species blooms quite late. Flowering lasts for 4 weeks.
Also very popular is the Gornostaeva mantle jasmine variety. This plant is quite compact and its height does not exceed 100 centimeters. Inflorescences are located along the entire length of the branches. Flowering lasts about 8 weeks.
Choosing the right landing site
These types and varieties can be found in many garden and suburban areas. As a rule, garden jasmine is planted in open ground in springtime. In order for a plant to grow and develop normally, it is necessary to know a few important rules of both planting and caring for it. As a rule, planting of various species and varieties of garden jasmine is practically no different.
The main points in choosing a suitable place for landing:
- When choosing a suitable place for a given plant, it is necessary to take into account the fact that it can adapt to almost any weather conditions. However, if you want your plant to have a spectacular appearance and bloom very richly, then it should be planted in a place that is protected from strong drafts. The fact is that they have a very negative effect on this shrub. Also, garden jasmine grows better and develops in a well-lit area with plenty of direct sunlight.
- This shrub is recommended to plant in close proximity to flowers that have a purple or deep blue color shade. For example, it will look great next to a delphinium or lavender. Also, jasmine grows beautifully next to hydrangea or spiraea.
- Planting garden jasmine experts advise to engage in the spring. However, this procedure can be carried out in the fall.
Optimal soil selection and planting
Garden jasmine, as mentioned above, quite unpretentious plant. But for his best growth should be carefully attributed to the choice of soil, as well as its direct landing.
- In view of its unpretentiousness, such a shrub is able to settle down and grow well on almost any soil. However, preference should be given whenever possible to a soil saturated with nutrients. It should be remembered that jasmine roots react extremely negatively to excessive moisture, so the choice should be left on a piece of land located on a not very large elevation.
- Pour sand mixed with small stones into the well prepared for disembarkation. This layer will act as a drain. When planting in the spring, it is recommended to pour 50 grams of nitrophosphate into the well. This will allow the plant to settle on the new place.
- When the bush is planted, the ground will need to be tamped a little. Then jasmine must be watered.
- In order for the plant to develop properly, it is necessary to systematically apply fertilizer to the soil.
In order for your site to be decorated with lush jasmine shrub, you not only need to take care of it regularly, but also systematically apply fertilizer to the soil. It should be remembered that the very first dressing should be carried out only 12 months after planting in an open ground.
Garden jasmine needs minerals. For feeding plants are recommended to use a nutrient solution consisting of 1 liter of water and 5 grams of superphosphate. In the resulting solution should be poured another 2.5 grams of urea and potassium sulphide. After that, the solution is thoroughly mixed. It is used to fertilize this shrub.
Garden jasmine also needs organic fertilizers. So, for dressing it is recommended to use manure, as well as humus. But it should be remembered that manure for top dressing should be used only in diluted form, otherwise the root system of the plant may burn. Manure is recommended to be dissolved in water in the ratio of 1:15.
In order for the jasmine bush to be lush and fragrant, top dressing alone is not enough; it must also be properly looked after.
In order for the crown to always look well-groomed and spectacular, regular shaping trimmings should be carried out. Both summer residents and gardeners have several secrets and rules regarding this procedure:
- формирующую обрезку необходимо проводить в весеннее время, когда кустарник пребывает в вегетативном состоянии,
- наиболее длинные ветви нужно обрезать полностью, а недлинные ― укорачиваются на ½ часть,
- для более обильного цветения проводится омолаживающая обрезка, а точнее, удаляются все пустые ветви,
- in an adult bush, the central trunk should be cut to 45–50 centimeters, while the rest are removed entirely.
Every year it is necessary to inspect the shrub and remove the damaged and diseased branches.
Preparing for the winter
In order for the plant not to die in the winter, it must be properly prepared for this difficult period. To do this, you need to perform several very simple manipulations:
- It should be remembered that adult specimens are more frost resistant than younger ones. Therefore, it is quite possible for adult plants not to be prepared for the winter period. However, those jasmines that are still quite young need this procedure.
- When the shrub ottsvetet, it should be wrapped with a specially designed material for this. You can also use regular straw for this purpose.
- So that during the winter cold the roots of jasmine do not suffer, in the autumn time you need to dig up the soil around the trunk and do not forget to add compost to it.
- If desired, in the springtime, this shrub can be transplanted to a new place.
Repot garden jasmine in the spring. To do this, prepare the ground by digging a hole in it, which in size should correspond to the volume of the root system of the shrub. In this hole and transplanted plant, while the rules are similar to those that relate to planting such a bush in the spring.
Multiply garden jasmine is very simple. So, there are several ways:
- Seeds. Seeding is carried out both in open ground and in boxes at home (growing through seedlings).
- Cuttings. Cut cuttings recommended in the first days of June. Then they are planted either in open soil or in a greenhouse.
- Shoots. In spring, shoots should be prepared, separating them from the parent plant. The choice should be stopped on the strongest shoots. After they winter, with the onset of spring, they are transplanted to a permanent place.
- The division of the root system. This is not the most popular breeding method. The division is recommended in the autumn time.
Information about jasmine garden
Jasmine flower can grow in each dacha. This shrub will require special care. If you decide to host this shrub, then look at the photo and read our recommendations for care. Before we talk about the basic rules for the care of this plant, we first give a brief information about jasmine. This culture was brought to us from the Mediterranean countries. This bush can be safely attributed to the medicinal. It is grown mainly for the decoration of garden plots. Jasmine shrub has a fluffy and branched crown. In the period of flowering has very beautiful yellow and white inflorescences. They exude a pleasant delicate aroma. This plant has many subspecies. The size of flowers depends on these factors. Such a culture can easily adapt to different weather conditions.
In the care of jasmine quite unpretentious. Loves to grow both in the sun and in the shade. Can be grown in the north and in the south. Jasmine can withstand dry periods and high humidity. From this plant they like to collect pollen and nectar many species of bees. Everything else, jasmine has some features that need to know everyone.
What is the uniqueness of this garden bush
At the time of flowering in the newly blossoming buds contains a lot of essential oils. They perfectly affect the internal state of a person. Oils such as benzyl acetate, jasmine and benzyl alcohol can restore a person’s sexual libido. From the jasmine buds, you can make a decoction that helps restore digestive function in the human body. With the help of this plant you can get rid of toxins, and improve health. All types of jasmine, decorating your garden area, will contain healing qualities. Having grown such a bush on your weave, you can get a magnificent decoration that will not only decorate your garden, but also cure you and your loved ones.
Now we will try to find out how this crop should be planted in springtime and why it is desirable to carry out this work in spring. But first, consider some popular varieties of jasmine.
Photo planting a garden bush
What varieties of jasmine are
In your garden you can easily grow these types of jasmine, such as:
Small leaf jasmine. The shrub in its size will grow small, and will have a height of about 1 meter. This type of jasmine has curved and large leaves. The smell of the flowers of this plant resemble strawberry flavor.
Jasmine coronary plain. This type of jasmine is a fairly large plant. It has a height of 2.5–3 meters. The inflorescences of this type of jasmine are also very large and exude a sweet smell. These bushes have bright golden leaves.
Fluffy jasmine. Perfect for large sites, or city parks. This type of jasmine is one of the highest. In height, it can reach 4 meters. But unfortunately his flowers do not have a scent. This variety is considered late. Blooms throughout the month.
Variety - ermine mantle . This shrub is undersized. Its height is less than a meter. The inflorescences are located along the entire length of the branch and bloom for 2 months.
Described jasmine varieties are the most common and popular. What type of jasmine to choose depends on your wishes and preferences. As a rule, it is necessary to plant jasmine in the springtime and in order for this culture to grow well, it is necessary to observe certain rules when planting it and to take proper care. All varieties of jasmine, as a rule, are planted equally in the soil. Let's try to figure out what is required for a comfortable growth of jasmine.
- The first step is to correctly determine the landing site. Since this culture can adapt to any weather conditions, it will be able to take root anywhere. But when choosing a site, you need to consider one thing - the lack of strong drafts. They will interfere with the normal growth of this plant in the first years of life. The best option in this case will be the choice of a sunny place.
- Jasmine will look very nice near bright blue or purple flowers. These can be flowers such as lavender or delphinium. Jasmine will get along well with plants such as spirea or hydrangea.
- Jasmine is desirable to plant either in the spring or in the autumn period of time. But in this article we will talk about planting jasmine in the spring.
What should be the ground for planting
We in this article above talked about what kind of shrub has jasmine. Now it is worth telling how the proper planting of this shrub should look like. In addition, we will talk about how to care for this beautiful plant.
- Since jasmine is an unpretentious crop, there is no specific soil preference for it. Of course, if the soil is fertile, it will be a great advantage. The jasmine root system does not like high humidity. Therefore, it is best to choose a place for its disembarkation at a small elevation.
- Before planting a jasmine bush in the ground, it is necessary to provide drainage, consisting of small stones and sand. In order for our jasmine planting in the spring season to be successful, 50 grams are required to be added to the well. nitrophosphate.
- After it is produced planting jasmine in open ground, the soil must be thoroughly tamped and watered.
- Next, you need to regularly produce fertilizer soil.