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Ovoscopic chicken eggs during incubation

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Farmers engaged in breeding of poultry with the help of incubators know that several important factors affect the quality of the brood. One of them is a high-quality incubation material. Consider the selection criteria for goose eggs and the rules for their storage before incubation.

How to choose goose eggs for incubator

When selecting material for laying in the setter, you need to examine it in two ways:

  1. Visual inspection: it helps to determine if the testicle’s appearance (shape, weight and condition of the shell) meets the requirements.
  2. Ovoskopirovaniya, or otoscope scanning, during which the internal contents are examined: the yolk, the air chamber and the embryo.

Egg weight and shape

  • weight norms: 120 - 140 g (for light breeds) and 160 - 190 g (for heavy breeds),
  • size standards: 8 - 10 cm in length and 4 - 5 cm in width,
  • the form must be correct; it is not allowed to be too elongated, pear-shaped, conical, flattened, round.

This part of the egg also has requirements:

  • the surface is smooth and even
  • hard and not soft
  • no damage: cracks, chips,
  • free of defects: dents, bumps, roughness, growths and belt (thickening in the middle),
  • clean, no pollution: droppings, blood, feathers.

Some poultry farmers wash their eggs with water and disinfect them in potassium permanganate. Others say that washing is harmful, and they are purified by hydrogen peroxide.

Video: preparing and laying goose eggs in an incubator

Before laying in the incubator, all eggs should be enlightened with an ovoscope, no matter how perfect they look. It makes no sense to lay unfertilized specimens and those within which there are pathologies.

The yolk must meet the following criteria:

  • one, not two,
  • dark color and without clear boundaries
  • located in the center
  • mobility: when turning the egg, the yolk slowly returns to the center (if it does not move, it means that it stuck to the shell)
  • helixes that support the yolk, integers,
  • yolk uniformity, without different inclusions,
  • the protein is thick, not liquid, without blackout,
  • yolk and protein should not be mixed.

Air chamber

Here, too, have their own standards:

  • location: at the blunt end, but not on the side or on the sharp side
  • size: small, no thicker than 2 mm (a large air chamber speaks of product staleness),
  • should not be mobile (movement - a sign of detachment of the inner shell).

Is there any germ

It is possible to determine the presence of the embryo only on days 4–5 after wrecking. Until that time, the yolk is too mobile and pale, and the air chamber has not yet been formed. Therefore, it makes sense to ovoskopirovaniya on the fifth day, but not before. In this case, the embryo itself will still not be visible.

Signs of fertilization:

  • having an air chamber of the correct size in the right place
  • the yolk is no longer light, but a dark and uniform consistency,
  • the yolk moves inside the squirrel, but slowly and always returns to the central position.

Storage goose eggs to bookmark

Many poultry breeders have to wait several days to collect the right number of eggs and to breed chicks of the same age from them. In addition, experts noted that it is better to incubate not just the eggs that were laid down, but for several hours and even days. This cooling strengthens the embryo.

How many goose eggs are stored

Opinions on this issue differ. Some argue that the best age of eggs for a bookmark is 5 days, others consider the optimum time period of 10–15 days. But the longer they are stored, the lower the percentage of brood:

  • if the material is stored for 5 days, then the hatchability is 79.8%,
  • 10 days - 72.7%
  • 15 days - 53.7%
  • 20 days - 32.5%
  • 25 days - 0%.

Storage rules

The storage conditions of the incubation material strongly influence the brood quantitative indicators and the quality (health) of the goose offspring.

  • room: dry, clean, well ventilated, odorless (in a dirty and damp room, destructive microbes enter the egg through the pores of the shell with air)
  • temperature: 8–18 ° C, ideally 12–15 ° C (at temperatures above 22 ° C, the embryo begins to develop, but incorrectly, and the egg quickly grows old)
  • humidity: 70–80 %,
  • egg position: vertically, with a blunt end up (turn over once a week) or horizontally, with a sharp end slightly down (turn over daily),
  • transportation: very carefully, without shaking, so as not to damage the air chamber or the integrity of the egg).

Increased shelf life

To fill the incubator tray, sometimes you have to store material for more than 10 days. Then you need to reduce the temperature in the room to 8-10 ° C.

Experimentally, experts have developed several methods that extend the shelf life of the incubation material to 20-25 days:

  1. Periodic heating: 2–4 days after laying, the eggs are heated in an incubator for 4–5 hours at a temperature of 37.5–38 ° C and a humidity of 55–70%. Then the tray is returned to the previous storage conditions. Some poultry farmers repeat this procedure every 2–3 days, others after 5 days. And some believe that it is enough to perform it once.
  2. Daily heating: Starting from the fifth day, the egg tray is sent to the incubator for one hour every day, heated to 37.2 ° C. This procedure reproduces the natural process when a goose sits on a hatching bed daily.
  3. Storage in the changed gas environment: The eggs are placed in an airtight package (a can of lavsan-polyethylene), in which over time the oxygen, which the testicles absorb, dries out. The less oxygen in the environment around the egg, the slower it ages. You can also enrich the environment in the bag with nitrogen, ozone or carbon dioxide from a can of carbon dioxide, aging will slow down even faster. In such a container, the material should be stored at 10–12 ° C.

Laying eggs in an incubator

  1. Before filling, the incubator is heated to 37.8–38 ° С, for this purpose it is switched on 3-4 hours earlier.
  2. The material was prepared in advance: the correctly selected specimens, checked on the ovoscope, clean and disinfected.
  3. Products are placed in the tray horizontally.
  4. In the absence of an automatic turning mechanism, they will need to be turned over manually (preferably 4 times a day). For convenience, you can mark each copy from two sides.
  5. Set the mode in the incubator: temperature - 38–39 ° C, humidity - 70%.
  6. Follow the rules for incubating goose eggs.

Step laying of goose eggs in an incubator: video

Ovoskopirovaniya by day

Ovoscoping is necessary 3-4 times before and during incubation:

  1. Before bookmark, check the quality of the product: no damage to the shell and dark spots, the state of the yolk and protein, the presence of the air chamber.
  2. On 8–10 day of incubation: You can see the speck of the embryo and the grid of its circulatory system. You can also see injuries that have not been seen before, an empty, unfertilized egg (completely translucent) and a bloody ring (the embryo has died).
  3. 15–21 day: A good copy is not translucent, completely dark, and only the air chamber glows. The bad option: completely glowing - unfertilized, bright with a dark spot and without a blood grid - the embryo died.
  4. In the last days before hatching (28–29 day): you can see the goose's movements, hear the noise and his squeak. Wicked specimen: dark, but no movements are seen and no sounds are heard - the little goose died.

Bad eggs should be removed from the incubator immediately after detection.

The selection of the incubation material and its storage must be approached very seriously. These two factors strongly influence the result of incubation. In order to get a good brood of healthy goslings, it is necessary to follow all the rules described above clearly.

Video: Ovoscoping hatching eggs

Immediately need to wash and disinfect eggs intended for storage for incubation, or just before incubation?

Yes, it is advisable to disinfect the eggs immediately after collection and before laying. Then it is also recommended to disinfect them before shifting to the conclusion. But we must remember that the incubator also needs to be disinfected.

Is it possible to disinfect the usual potassium permanganate?

Yes, it is possible, but the solution should not be too concentrated, since it penetrates into the egg and can harm the embryo. You can also bathe in a 1-1.5% solution of hydrogen peroxide, 0.2-0.5% peracetic acid, 1.5-2.0% chloramine B.

At home, the so-called wet disinfection of eggs is more acceptable, one of the methods of which is the treatment of the shell with low-dispersion aerosols of aqueous solutions of various disinfectants.

Virocid type disinfectant (VIROCID) is used by the method of aerosol or spray, it is also used for the treatment of hatcheries and incubation cabinets. A good method is to irradiate eggs with a quartz lamp at a distance of 30-40 cm on both sides for 10-15 minutes.

When colibacteriosis occurs in the farm, eggs are additionally iodized in a 0.5-1% iodine solution or chlorinated in a solution of bleach containing 1.2-1.5% of active chlorine, and when an aspergillosis occurs, they are treated with a 5% solution copper sulfate.

The concept of ovoskopirovaniya chicken eggs and its methods of conducting

Ovoscoping is a way to help determine if an egg is suitable for incubation, whether there are any abnormalities by scanning with a beam of light. This method allows to select those from which healthy chicks are theoretically expected.

Chickens may not be born from every egg. Many centuries ago, people knew this, and under the flame of candles they tried to look at the embryo through the shell, so that only those tested would fall into the clutch, the chicken did not waste its strength and time on incubation of unpromising material, and the material did not disappear just like that.

Civilization developed. Candles were replaced by lanterns and other lighting devices. The flashlight is capable of gleaming the contents of an egg only at one specific angle. Its capabilities do not allow to fully consider what is contained in a chicken egg.

Before hatching, the chick goes through a rather complicated and long-term formation. Ovoskop more advanced modern device that allows you to track all stages of development. It is a lamp with a stand that allows you to enlighten the material from all sides. Models of ovoskop are made with a stand or made in the form of a flashlight. The selected material is laid in a special hole in the ovoskop. The action of bright light when this shines through the egg.

Features of the process of egg ovoscopirovaniya

In order for the procedure of ovoskopirovaniya was carried out correctly, it is necessary to observe some rules:

  • put the ovoscope on a flat surface
  • press the power button, thereby running the procedure
  • place the egg in a suitable hole for the ovoscope. If your ovoskop has the form of a flashlight, then the testicle should be held in your hands, turning it along the longitudinal axis

Ovoskop with his own hands

The device for radiography, like any other device, costs money. And for an urgent purchase they may not be. But do not despair. Such a unit can be made with your own hands from the materials available at home. An ordinary cardboard box is taken. A lighting device is placed on its bottom. For this purpose, incandescent lamps with a power of at least 100 watts can be used. A small cell must be made at the top of the box. It should be smaller than the testicle. In this resulting cell should lay an egg and slowly rotate. The contents of the egg should be clarified, and it will be possible to study it..

On poultry farms, this procedure is different. Containers with eggs, which are brought to the hatchery on a special transport, are sent to the office for ovoscoping. Factory workers determine the location of the yolk, its mobility, uniform structure of the egg. Suitable for incubation material yolk located in the center, slightly shifted to the rounded end of the egg. After a scrupulous selection, the material suitable for incubation is laid out in trays, disinfected, and then sent to the incubator itself.

Ovoscopic value

This procedure is necessary to control incubation. By controlling the process of nestling, the host can timely identify problems, defects and various developmental disorders.

Signs corresponding to material suitable for incubation:

  • The shell shines evenly and has a uniform structure.
  • There is an air chamber near the blunt end.
  • The yolk is surrounded by protein on all sides.
  • The yolk is centered with blending towards the blunt end.
  • When turning the egg around its axis, the yolk moves a little slower.
  • No dirt and feathers

Ovoskopirovaniya procedure should not be carried out frequently. If the hen incubates the testicles, then constant monitoring of development is not needed, because, firstly, each removal of the egg from under the chicken will cause her stress, and secondly, risk of breaking an egg, thirdly, a sharp temperature drop may adversely affect the future chicken.

The eggs laid in the incubator are checked for the entire time of the procedure 3 times on special days. Remove material from the device should be no more than 25 minutes. A longer period of being outside the unit will doom the chick to death. 25 minutes is more than enough to explore the contents.

Dates of the procedure

The first ovoskopirovaniya held some time after laying in the incubator. This is done in order to determine the fertilized material or not. The first inspection reveals the presence of the embryo and the absence of cracks in the shell. The shell should also have a smooth surface, not have pits, roughness, protuberances, spots of unknown etiology.

Especially carefully when the first ovoskopirovaniya should consider the yolk, since it is in it that the embryo is formed. When the material is translucent, the yolk should be visible, having clear contours, located in the middle of the egg and slowly rotating relative to the egg itself. If any non-characteristic formations, foreign objects are noticed, then such material cannot be incubated.

Pathology detected during incubation

For control after the development, the second procedure for screening is carried out on day 11 and the last - on day 18.

During incubation, serious pathologies may appear, indicating that the material should be discarded.

  • The shell is spotty, as if "marble"
  • There are light lines on the shell
  • Blood clots
  • The air chamber is located at the sharp end.
  • Dark spots (may indicate the presence of fungus)
  • Inside, the liquid is red-orange in color and the yolk is not visible (yolk rupture and its mixing with protein)
  • If the egg is two yolk
  • The yolk does not move
  • Shaking the yolk in the egg and not returning to its place.

It is necessary to assess the state of such a body as allantois. It allows the embryo to breathe during development. If the chicken is molded correctly, then allantois encompasses everything inside the egg and ends at the sharp end. If in the sharp end no lumen, then, most likely, the chick develops with violations.

The last transmission of the incubated material shows how much the chick is ready for hatching. Gaps at this point should not be, because the fruit is already occupying all the space inside. The presence of a lumen suggests that the fetus develops slowly. This can be corrected by shifting the material to the middle tier of the incubator.

Detail process Ovoskopirovaniya can be seen on video on the Internet. The procedure of ovoskopirovaniya can also be subjected to duck and goose eggs. Duck and goose eggs also need to be subjected to the procedure of ovoskopirovaniya during incubation, in time to notice problems in the development of chicks.

Ovoskopirovaniya in the last days of incubation.

Incubation of goose eggs lasts about 30 days, during which time goslings should hatch from eggs. You can check the eggs in several ways, the easiest way is to put the egg to your ear, by the 30th day in the egg the rustling and squeaking of the chick should be heard. If the chick does not show any signs of life, the surest way to look at the egg on the ovoscope, the light can already be seen as the chick moves in the egg.

What is a device

Ovoscopic eggs or their regular inspection under the rays of light is performed using a special device - an ovoscope. There are several types of devices:

  • hammer,
  • vertical,
  • horizontal.

The first received the name due to a similar form with a hammer. Working with such a device is very convenient. The person performing the work holds the ovoscope by the handle and scans the object of study. The power button is on the handle. The hammer device works as from a network, that and from the battery. The advantages of the device include the fact that for inspection you do not need to get an egg from the tray. This speeds up the process and minimizes the possibility of damage.

Vertical varieties are most commonly used on farms. Ovoskopirovaniya eggs with such a device allows you to simultaneously inspect from 4 to 10 pieces. The device is vertical, the lamp is located under the material under study. One or several eggs at once are placed in special holes located on top of the device and examined.

Council Задумываясь о приобретении овоскопа стоит обратить внимание на модели со съемным лотком. Такая конструкция значительно ускоряет работу. Перед проверкой картонный лоток накрывают деталью овоскопа и переворачивают. После анализа содержимое выгружают обратным путем.

In horizontal devices, the lamp is at the bottom, and the egg is applied from the side. It is impossible to overheat the material using a similar device, since the beam is not directed directly at the object of study, but upwards.

Purpose of the procedure

Ovoscopic eggs before laying and in certain periods of incubation relieves the poultry farmer from common problems.

  1. Unfertilized eggs will not fall on the tab.
  2. Some embryos stop their development for some reason. Noticing this in time, they are removed from the incubator.

As a result of working with the catheter, the number of hatched chicks is as close as possible to the number planned. Productivity is equal to 85-90%. Eggs for hatching goslings are taken from individuals that have turned 8 months old. Keep material for more than 2 weeks is not recommended. Translucence produced in certain stages:

  • before loading,
  • in the early days of incubation,
  • in the middle of the process
  • in recent days when chicks are expected to appear.

Inspection before laying is a very important stage. On the ovoskop reveal the following signs of material unsuitability:

There are cases that the material is not translucent, that is, the contents of the shell remains dark. This option is also subject to rejection.

Process control during incubation

After the selection of suitable eggs and bookmarks in the incubator, ovoscopic eggs are produced according to a specific schedule:

When needed, the goslings are inspected immediately before hatching - on the 30th day.

Attention! During incubation, the material must be moistened and turned over. If this is not done, the embryo dries, sticks to the shell and freezes.

A week after laying in the illuminated material, the so-called "shadow" of the embryo and blood vessels in the form of branching capillaries are observed. If the yolk is still visible inside - the egg cell is not fertilized and the unit is subject to rejection.

On the 14th day, the embryo is clearly visible, in appearance resembling fossil pterodactyl. The embryo surrounds the blood vessels. When completely darkened, the egg is removed from the incubator.

For 21 days, the inside of the shell is almost completely occupied by the embryo. On an ovoskop only the air chamber is visible. If a large part glows, or some dark spots are observed, the germ has died.

By 30 days, the time of hatching is suitable for goslings. Putting the egg to the ear, the breeders distinguish the squeak and rustle inside. Without a certain experience these sounds can not be heard. The surest way to accurately determine the viability of the embryo is to examine the material on the ovoscope. When translucent visible slightest movement of the embryo.

The photos and videos attached to the article will help beginners to examine goose eggs at all stages of incubation.

Ovoscoping eggs is an important procedure that should be carried out by the owner of the incubator if you want to get healthy chicks. Time and energy will not be wasted, and productivity will reach maximum performance.

Final check

The incubation period of eggs lasts 30 days. The last egg test is carried out without the use of an ovoscope. It is applied to the ear and bugged. With a successful process, there are movements and squeaks of the nestling that was formed and ready to hatch.

Just in case, you need to shine through those eggs that are not bugged. Through the ovoscope, it will be seen how the formed embryo moves inside.

Making the device at home

Ovoskop do it yourself at home. There is nothing difficult in this: non-flammable materials are taken, an energy-saving light bulb of high brightness is being assembled.

Ovoskop is made of a desk lamp, into which a light bulb with a power of up to 100 watts is screwed. This option is suitable for those who do not need regular checks. But if you need a device for those who are seriously engaged in breeding chicks, it is going to a convenient for everyday use device.

To begin with, a suitable location is determined: vertically or horizontally. Then the box 30 * 30 * 30 is made of non-combustible material. A cartridge with a light bulb is placed inside, a cord with a plug is brought out. The hole is cut slightly smaller than the average egg, so that when checking it does not fall inside. After the primitive apparatus has been fabricated, the egg is examined on the embryo.

The egg is gently held in front of the lamp for 15–20 s. Otherwise, the germ may overheat.

Ovoskopirovaniya helps to reject those objects from which the full healthy offspring can not be bred. This is a universal tool, the importance of which is difficult to overestimate. By observing the deadlines, correctly identifying the signs of a developing embryo, the owners of such uncomplicated equipment receive the maximum number of chicks.

How to choose an incubator for goose eggs?

Devices for incubation, depending on the performance is divided into industrial and domestic.

For a small farm, it is better to choose a household incubator with a capacity of 2 to 5 dozen. Many modern models are equipped with additional features and sensors, without which you can do. But at some points you should pay special attention.

  1. It is important that the device maintains a stable temperature regardless of accidental power outages. It is understandable that incubators with the ability to automatically connect to the battery are in high demand,
  2. As you know, eggs in an incubator must be turned over regularly; it is rather troublesome to do it manually. It is easier to choose a device with an automatic egg rolling mechanism in a tray at a predetermined time interval. The cost of such a device will be more expensive, but it will greatly simplify the maintenance process,
  3. The ventilation system must be permanent and reliable.

Collection, selection and preparation of eggs for incubation

How well the goose gutting process goes will depend on the proper selection of material for incubation. Preparation for the tab includes the collection, cleaning, sorting and culling of eggs.

Goose eggs are taken from under the hens while they are warm; for this, they check all the nests several times a day. Contaminated specimens are immediately cleaned.

You can use a pink solution of potassium permanganate, hydrogen peroxide (1-1.5%), persintami (3-5%), deoxon-1 (0.2-0.5%). Eggs are soaked for a few minutes in a warm solution (35-40 ° C), rinsed and dried. It is not recommended to rub the surface with a brush or hard sponge so as not to damage the protective layer.

Parameters for the selection of incubation material:

  • Standard weight - 170-200 g for large and 140-160 g for light breeds,
  • Average size: length - 8-10 cm, width - 4-5 cm,
  • Smooth shell without strains, microcracks, sagging and other defects.

How to store goose eggs?

The ideal option is to use only freshly laid eggs for incubation. But in practice, quickly collecting a sufficient number of copies for a full bookmark does not always work. To operate the machine with a partial load is impractical from an economic point of view. Therefore, it is very important to preserve the collected material until the time of incubation without losing reproductive qualities.

It simply does not make sense to incubate a stale product, since the rate of hatchability in the two-week-old eggs falls by half, and in the collected 20 days ago it barely reaches 30%. Keep the eggs on its side in a horizontal position. Starting from the 5th day, they should be turned over regularly. The temperature in the room must be maintained within + 8-15 ° C at a humidity of 75-80%.

How to lay eggs in an incubator?

Before laying eggs, the incubator should be heated for 3-4 hours to a temperature of + 37.8-38 ° C.

Before laying the eggs in the incubator with the manual regime of the coup, it is recommended to mark them from two sides, for example, “B” - top and “H” - bottom, or just a cross and a zero. Such a measure will help eliminate errors when turning over a single instance.

Experienced poultry farmers advise to irradiate the laying under a quartz lamp for 3-5 minutes on each side just before laying.

How to display goslings in an incubator?

Incubation of goose eggs lasts 29-30 days. All this time you need to ensure that the microclimate in the chamber is not violated. A certain temperature and humidity must be maintained.

The development of the embryo depends largely on how well it is done.

Overturning and spraying

For a uniform and harmonious development of the embryo, a regular egg flipping is necessary. Thanks to this procedure, gas exchange is improved, the circulatory system develops. When the egg is in a static state for a long time, the embryo simply sticks to the inner wall of the shell.

Complete the coup for 24 hours before the alleged chipping of the chicks.

Starting from the fifth day, the overlay is sprayed from the sprayer from time to time to prevent overheating. For irrigation use a weak solution of potassium permanganate. On the 28th day, before hatching chicks, this procedure is stopped.

Incubator temperature and humidity

The main task of the poultry farmer during incubation is to maintain the necessary microclimate with maximum accuracy.

Particular attention should be paid to indicators of humidity in the incubator.

Goose Egg Incubation Table:

The need to provide more moisture in the last two days is due to the increased density of the walls of the goose testicles. The chicks do not have enough strength to break through the hard shell. At maximum moisture, the shell softens, which helps the goslings to get out faster.

Hatching of eggs and further actions

Conclusion goslings in the incubator takes about a month. As a rule, goslings begin to hatch on the 29th day. But due to errors in compliance with the temperature regime, hatching of goslings in the incubator can be delayed up to 32 days. If the already nestled chick cannot free itself from the shell within a day, then it needs help. The shell is removed very carefully, provided that there are no traces of blood on it.

It must be completely dry. On the first day, goslings are provided with the most comfortable microclimate: not lower than + 30˚С with air humidity of 75%. During the month, the temperature is gradually reduced to + 18-20 ° C. In order to avoid hypothermia and death of young stock, it is necessary to ensure that the fluff on the body is always dry.

Feed and water the chicks begin as soon as they dry out.

Food during this period consists of finely chopped boiled eggs, grated cottage cheese, mixed with oatmeal or soaked crushed peas. By the age of one month, the number of feedings is reduced to 4, crushed grain, wheat bran, chopped vegetables (carrots, zucchini, beets) and greens (nettle, alfalfa, clover) are introduced into the diet.

Common mistakes

Novice poultry farmers, who do not have sufficient experience and knowledge of how to incubate, often make mistakes that lead to the death of embryos.

  • Sharp temperature drops. It is necessary to take care of the uninterrupted power supply of the system in advance.
  • Unstable lighting mode. Do not turn off or dim the light in order to save electricity. Interruptions in light lead to the fading of the embryos,
  • Unregulated humidity. It is necessary to monitor the sensors and maintain the desired microclimate throughout the entire period,
  • Excessive control of the incubation process. It is unacceptable to constantly open the incubator in order to "check how things are there." This leads to supercooling of masonry. It is allowed to open the incubator no more often than after 4-6 hours,
  • Premature chick removal. In order to avoid hypothermia, it is not possible to take the goslings out of the incubator until they are completely dry.

If you strictly follow all the rules and conditions of the process, you can achieve 80-90% hatchability and get a healthy, strong offspring.

Selection of geese for posterity

A bird that is bred at home should transmit to the offspring characteristics of high productivity. Selection of geese is carried out in October-November at the rate of one goose for 3-4 geese. The discarded bird is fattened. It is important to control the hierarchy of subordination: if a goose is constantly beaten, it is not necessary to rely on normal productivity.

Selection of geese is carried out in the autumn at the rate of 1 goose for 3-4 geese

When selecting breeding geese, evaluate their compliance with the breed, body proportions, weight, plumage. The result, above all, will affect the choice of the goose: it is he who regulates the viability of the offspring. If he loses weight, the level of fertilization decreases, so in season he needs to be well fed. The male in the household farm is kept for 4 years, the females - up to 6 years, but they show maximum results in the 2-4th year of life.

The result of the offspring is primarily affected by the goose.

If you keep geese for a long time without replacement, their related breeding is observed: brother with sister, son with mother. The productivity of eggs falls, the breed degenerates. To avoid this, it is better to take eggs or chickens from another locality, because in one village on the pond the gander mates with 10 females. To increase the viability of the offspring, two different breeds of birds are crossed: a goose with good egg production and a heavy, large goose.

To get a full-fledged offspring, it is necessary to regularly pour in "fresh blood", choosing birds from another locality for this.

Content of parents

The beginning of the period of laying eggs is determined by the behavior of the goose. She becomes restless, often sits on the nest, buries herself in the straw, does not run away when people appear. The geese rush every other day, the eggs should be collected regularly: at low temperatures, their hypothermia is possible. Dangerous for offspring and overheating, so eggs should be stored in a cool (8-12 ° C) pantry with good ventilation.

You can determine the beginning of the period of laying eggs by the behavior of the goose.

To get suitable for breeding eggs, no more than 4 geese are raised for each gander. It is important to teach them to lay eggs in the space provided and maintain order in the nests.

Take out the eggs a maximum of a day. Then they should be cooled to 12–18 ° C and stored until they are incubated at 12 ° C with heat and 80% humidity in a clean, dry box. The maximum shelf life is 15 days, as after 10 days the quality of the material is significantly reduced. A week after being laid on storage, several neighbors should join together to fill one incubator or provide a hen with eggs.

Keep goose eggs in a clean and dry box.

When taking eggs, discard small, irregular shapes or too large (there are usually 2 yolks). If you hit two eggs lightly, a bit will be a notch in the shell. For accurate diagnosis you need an ovoscope or at least a sunbeam breaking through in a dark room. Eggs with scare, with bloody stains, foreign bodies, unstable yolk culled.

Ovoskop for the diagnosis of eggs

If the eggs are half dirty, they should be cleaned. To keep the cuticle on the surface, it is necessary to wash it carefully, in warm water. For cleaning use a solution of potassium permanganate or hydrogen peroxide (1-1,5%). In geese eggs, up to 70% protein is an ideal medium for germs penetrating the shell.

To clean the eggs, you can use a solution of potassium permanganate

In order for each egg to become a gosling, it is necessary to assess the degree of its fertilization. Eggs are heated for a day at 37 ° C. Then they should be placed horizontally so that the embryo rises. If you bring the egg to the rack and move it, a dark spot with a diameter of 7-8 mm will be seen. There are also extraneous inclusions there, but they are not similar to the embryo.

When viewing the eggs through the ovoscope, you can see a dark spot - the germ

Natural hatching method

If there is no incubator, you can hatch eggs under the hen of any bird. Egg laying rates:

  • geese (turkeys) - 9-15 pcs.,
  • Ducks - 8-10 pcs.,
  • Chickens - 5-7 pcs.

The quantity depends on the weight, but the hen is obliged to cover them completely, even if the wings are folded in it. Uncovered female eggs should be immediately removed from the nest. The goose does not incubate chicken and other small eggs: it will simply crush them. It is also important to control that eggs do not fall out. The optimal time for hatching goslings is April-May. When awakening instinct can sit down before.

The goose should cover all the eggs completely.

How to choose a hen

At the end of laying eggs, females nibble down their down and cover their nest with them. After laying all the eggs, a goose with a normal instinct will always be on this down pillow. It rises only for a short walk and feeding and keeps nearby. The moment of choice is very important, as you need to be sure that before the end of the term the wayward mother will not leave the clutch. More reliable in this regard, the old geese with a calm, kind character and good health. Before laying the material, the goose should be checked on the liners. In a quiet, quiet place in the nest, they place any eggs and feathers from the abdomen of the bird and look after it for several days. Sometimes the nest is covered with a spacious basket. If she is not afraid of the appearance of a person, and she only spreads her wings and cackles, you can count on her.

You can put other eggs in the nest and look at the behavior of the goose

So that the bird does not interrupt the process, it is important to leave it where it was rushing, as the change of place is very disturbing to it. It is necessary to set the goose in the evening to adapt to the situation and sit quietly during the day. Надежная наседка сразу подбирает яйца и сидит, пока не прогреет. Потом она будет их перекатывать с края в середину – там им теплее. Так как эмбрион плохо переносит перегрев, то такое перемещение дает всем зародышам одинаковые шансы на выживание.In the hen house it is important to create comfortable conditions for the hen: silence (extraneous sounds will disturb her), fresh air intake (not a draft!), Since 12-14 ° C is enough to form an embryo.

It is important to leave the goose where she sat on the eggs, ensuring her peace

The nest must be taken care of in advance. It should be spacious and comfortable. If instead of the native nest you have to adapt another, it is important that the threshold be low, so that the bird overcomes it without problems. Before incubation, the place is disinfected with soda, lime (2% solution), formalin (1% solution). Then the nest is well dried and laid straw without a trace of mold. To prevent parasites, a thin layer of ash mixed with wormwood or chamomile powder is left at the bottom.

Nests for goose should be spacious

If in time it is necessary to equip other sockets, the part of the room allocated to them is separated by a deaf partition. Males are not allowed into this half of the house. Females must be completely isolated, as they can fight, confuse the nest after a walk.

Geese nests

Goose care

Hatching broods should be regularly fed. Food and water are left nearby. Grain and high-quality waste are best suited from feed. Wet mash can cause indigestion. Be sure to keep an eye on this, since the effectiveness of incubation depends on the health of the hen.

It is better to feed the broods with dry food.

On walking at the hen it takes up to 20 minutes. During this time, the female must also bathe, so she needs to prepare water. If the bird is delayed, it must be forced out. While the hen is walking, it is necessary to carefully examine the laying: remove the broken eggs, replace the litter.

While the goose is walking, you can replace the litter and remove damaged eggs.

Sometimes a goose after 3 weeks of incubation pecks eggs, eating their contents. This happens if there are few protein feeds in the poultry diet. At this time it is useful to give dairy products to geese. Usually they are mixed with the rest of the food.

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