Cabbage pak choi is a popular vegetable. For thousands of years cultivated in China, this exotic product gradually and quite successfully conquers the European market. Unpretentiousness in cultivation, high germination and excellent nutritional properties only contribute to increasing consumer demand for this type of cabbage, which looks like Peking cabbage.
Description of the Chinese guest
Chinese cabbage pak choi is more perceived as a salad vegetable or exotic greens, because it does not form heads. Moreover, due to the precocity of such a product can be consumed within a month after planting, which in the warm climate of Asia allows you to receive the crop several times a season. This culture is valued for its high content of vitamins, iron, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium and lysine, which is a powerful source of energy required for normal growth of cells, production of antibodies, enzymes, hormones and tissue repair. In addition, lysine prevents the development of cancer, which makes Pak-choi a very popular product at the dinner table.
The above-ground part of the garden plant is used as food, which is a rosette of succulent leaves of bright green color with middle, rather wide veins, connecting in an elastic base of white color. Depending on the variety, the height of the plant varies from 30 to 60 cm. The leaves are collected in a socket with a diameter of about 30 cm and are characterized by bright green color, the petioles are white.
Chinese cabbage pak choi, the cultivation of which does not pose any particular difficulty, is an excellent dietary product. It is used in salads. The Chinese wonder is good as a low-calorie side dish, an independent vegetable dish, but salting is not suitable. It has a multifaceted rich taste, giving freshness and sharpness with a slight bitterness. Perfectly combined with various products, it is vaguely reminiscent of Chinese cabbage, spinach, lettuce and chard and is an excellent addition to any dish.
Cabbage pak choi can be eaten while getting rid of extra pounds and to maintain the shape. This is an excellent tool for the prevention of constipation and cleansing the intestines from cholesterol, slags and other harmful elements. Regular consumption of Chinese cabbage has a positive effect on the elasticity and strength of blood vessels. Vitamin A contained in its composition effectively affects the renewal of skin cells. Cabbage pak-choi, the preparation of which takes a minimum of time, is recommended for pregnant women, as it contains folic acid, which prevents the formation of various defects in the fetus.
Being a two-year-old plant, cabbage is grown in horticulture by pak-choi as an annual crop. In temperate climates, its seeds can be sown throughout the growing season. The following varieties of cabbage pak choi are used most of all in vegetable farming:
- Vesnyanka. Sheet variety, characterized by super-ripeness: seedlings appear after 3-4 days, after three weeks you can rejoice at the first harvest of ripe leaves. The socket is richly leafy, slightly raised, about 35 cm high.
- Swan. Variety of average terms of ripening: 40-45 days. It has an upright outlet that is approximately 40 cm in diameter. The petioles are white, about 35 cm, about 80% of the total weight of the plant. The grade is hardy, well transfers adverse weather conditions.
- Alenushka. It has a leaf outlet of average size, fleshy wide petiole. It is characterized by excellent taste.
- Peahen. It is a hybrid of Peking and Chinese cabbage, characterized by juicy crispy petioles. Resistant to stalking, therefore suitable for sowing at any time. Externally, the plant is decorative and well preserved after cutting.
Growing Chinese cabbage is somewhat different from the usual way and has its own nuances. The advantages of the product include its undemanding nature of the composition of the soil: cabbage pak choi, the cultivation and preparation of which is simple, is quite good for medium- and low-fertilized lands. The plant loves a cool climate, high humidity, fertile land, which is recommended to prepare in advance. It is best to do this in the fall: dig with simultaneous fertilization. It is good to add organic matter at the rate of 1 bucket per square meter; on the acidic lands of the garden beds, it can be enriched with wood ash: 200 grams per square meter. meter. When choosing a site for planting should take into account the predecessors, the worst of which are all types of cabbage. Indeed, in this case there is an increased risk of damage by common pests and diseases.
Sowing Chinese cabbage
Pak-choi seeds are sown from April to August, although most gardeners prefer to plant cabbages in the middle of summer - it is the July product that pleases with the greatest yields. Moreover, during this period the risk of setting flower arrows is minimal. When sown in open ground, pak-choi seeds are laid in prepared holes at a depth of 2-3 cm in accordance with the following scheme: 20-30 cm between cabbage sprouts at row spacing of 25-35 cm. Small copies will be enough 20 * 20 cm.
Proper care factors
In the care, Chinese cabbage pak-choi, the cultivation of which is possible even for an inexperienced gardener, is undemanding. It is advisable to periodically loosen the soil, doing it very carefully, because the Chinese cabbage root system is located close to the soil surface. It is important to water the plants in a timely manner, without excesses: do not flood the ground, but also not allow it to dry out. The average irrigation rate in the month of August-September is 15-20 liters per square meter. Slightly more water should be consumed in the process of tying sockets.
Like any plant, cabbage pak choi, reviews of which are positive, need periodic supplements aimed at activating growth and increasing the expected yield. During the growing season, the plant is recommended to feed one or two times with a liquid herbal solution or infusion of mullein. It is important to provide fertilizing after prolonged rains.
The harvest of the Chinese wonder is recommended to be collected at every stage of plant development: from the appearance of sprouts to the moment of formation of the flower arrows. The grown up cabbage needs to be cut at a height of 2-3 cm above ground level, adult specimens are cut a little higher. It is desirable to use juicy greens immediately, as it is not adapted for long-term storage.
Pests and diseases
Of the pests for cabbage pak choi, cruciferous flea are not indifferent, which are particularly dangerous for young sprouts, and are capable of destroying the plant at the initial stage. The larvae gnaw through large through holes in the leaf plates, which significantly reduces the growth of the vegetative mass and the quality of the product itself. It is possible to get rid of such pests by frequent soil loosening and regular watering. If this method is ineffective, it is required to sprinkle cabbage beds every morning with extracts of tobacco or process wood ash. From chemical agents it is recommended to use an effective drug "Kinmiks" (2.5 ml per bucket of water).
The cabbage blanket is not indifferent to the overseas product, the presence of egg-layings of which can be determined by the yellowish grooves. In order to avoid the massive invasion of the voracious caterpillars, the eggs found must be removed from the plant. To get rid of an unwanted pest will help the treatment of cabbage chemicals.
Cabbage pak choi is also loved by slugs and rain snails. Therefore, in order to prevent the appearance of broad, winding paths on the leaves, gnawed by such pests, the latter should be removed from the leaves.
Cabbage pak choi recipes
- Young cabbage pak-choi - 350 grams.
- Soy sauce - ½ tbsp. spoons.
- Cornmeal - ½ tsp.
- Vegetable oil - 1 tbsp. spoon.
Cabbage is required to wash, cut into two parts and fry for 5 minutes over medium heat, stirring occasionally. Simultaneously mix the corn flour with soy sauce, adding 50 ml of water gradually in the process of stirring. Put the fried cabbage on a serving dish, and place the sauce in the pan, where it was cooked with pak-choi, and bring to a boil with constant stirring. Thickened sauce pour Chinese cabbage. Add to taste ground pepper.
Pak-choi in oyster sauce
- Chicken broth - 200 ml.
- Pak-choi - 4-5 pieces (about 400 grams).
- Brown sugar - 1 tbsp. spoon.
- Peanut (or any vegetable) butter - 3 tbsp. spoons.
- Peanuts crushed - 2 tbsp. spoons.
- Oyster sauce - 2 tbsp. spoons.
- Sesame seeds - ½ tsp.
- Green onions - 3 feathers.
- Salt - 1 tbsp. spoon.
Wash cabbage cabbages and cut into two halves. Boil water in a saucepan, add a tablespoon of peanut butter and salt, which will allow the leaves to retain their natural bright green color, and the cabbage leaves themselves. A few seconds to blanch and take out as soon as the leaves are limp. Put the cabbage in cold water. In a wok (round deep Chinese frying pan) heat the remaining peanut butter, add cabbage, oyster sauce, chicken broth and brown sugar. Mix everything carefully, bring to a boil and cook for about 2 minutes. Put the prepared cabbage coaches on a serving plate, pour over the cooked broth, sprinkle with green onion rings, sesame seeds and crushed peanuts.
Pak-choi - landing and care
Growing pak choi is easy. Of all the leafy cabbage, it is perhaps the most unprincipled and generous harvest. As well as her close relatives, the “Chinese woman” loves cool and wet weather, fertilizing with organic matter, humus, and does not tolerate overmoistened and acidic soils. Meanwhile, there are some features of care that should be borne in mind if you decide to provide a pack place in the garden.
The components of success are simple:
Pak-choi should be sown in April or in August. Planted at a long light day, in May-July, the Chinese woman will quickly go to the arrow and bloom. Seeds can be sown directly in the garden, preferably under the film of 3 pieces per well. It is also possible to grow pak-choi through seedlings. Ready for planting at the age of 20-25 days should have 4-5 true leaves. Mandatory thinning of plants in the phase of one or two true leaves at a distance of at least 15-20 cm from each other. Then the sockets will grow large. It is not necessary to sow at once a lot of> cabbage, its leaves quickly become rough. It is possible to stretch the pleasure, by sowing the seeds little by little with an interval of 7-10 days. If pak-choi, of course, came to your taste.
Unusual taste and benefits
Cabbage pak choi has long been widely known in Southeast Asia. This vegetable is appreciated both in Japanese, and in Chinese, and in Korean cuisine. It is used as a side dish and as an independent dish.
Not so long ago, thanks to its unusual taste and content of a whole range of useful properties, cabbage pak choi firmly settled in European cuisine.
Pak-choi can be grown through seedlings. 15-18 days after germination and it is time to plant on the beds.
This plant is not demanding on the soil, it ripens quickly (in 25-30 days). It is tolerant to the length of daylight, therefore there is a possibility to sow several times per season or to do seeding with an interval of 10 days
But sometimes cabbage pak-choi does not take root after transplantation Therefore, it is better to sow it in the ground.
The distance between the seeds sown should be 30 cm Rows need to do
smooth, neat. So that the surface of the ns is dry and the seeds are not lost, the soil is covered with Maxi mum film 10 in the afternoon - and the cabbage shoots are ready!
It is important that the precursor of pak choi not be any cabbage (they have common pests and diseases).
If there is no other territory, it does not matter. 3-5 days before sowing or planting, treat the soil with Pharmaid - 10 ml per 10 l of water. Consumption of the working solution 10 l per 3 m 2.
Pak-choi is valued for its low calorie content. saturation with microelements, fiber This product is ideal for those who want to lose weight. Its use helps cleanse the body, eliminates the development of constipation, reduces the amount of harmful cholesterol.
Leaves that contain ascorbic acid on a huge amount have a special value. If pak choi are used systematically in food, the vessels will become plastic and become strong.
Vitamin K, which is also a part of cabbage, plays an indispensable role in blood clotting. Vitamin A is necessary for the renewal of skin cells.
An indispensable product of this cabbage is its lysine, iron, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, citric acid, vitamins PP, troupe B, etc.
Reviews and comments: 7
In our area, this cabbage is not particularly known and is not planted. And it is in no way inferior to the white one. Outwardly, it does not look like any cabbage, but rather resembles chard leaf beets or large leaf lettuce.
Pak-choi is undemanding to care, is not afraid of temperature changes and is quite precocious. Cabbage has high germination, it is unpretentious.
Pak-choi can be grown with seedlings, or you can simply sow in the ground.
This product is ideal for those who want to lose weight, helps to cleanse the body of toxins and decomposition products. Pak-choi eliminates the development of constipation, reduces the amount of harmful cholesterol. If pak-choi is constantly eaten, the vessels will become elastic. It contains vitamins PP, B, iron, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, citric acid.
The plant is formed 3-4 weeks, it is an early cabbage. I sow it in the grooves 3-4 cm deep. From the cruciferous flea I sprinkle with ashes. Pak-choi is resistant to diseases and gives a good harvest. Seeds sow first in April - May, then in late July - early August. Already in 20-30 days after the shoots hatch, you can harvest.
His fleshy carcass leaves on high heat with a little oil, cooked with mushrooms, meat - a great filling for dumplings is obtained. Try to plant a pack choy on the plot - you will not regret.
Pak-choi instead of salad
In our area dry heat comes early, which is why it is not always possible to grow salad greens tasty and juicy. Therefore, I switched to growing kale - she loves warmth and, with good watering, grows tender. Pak-choi gives the earliest greens: early-ripening varieties Alyonushka and Vesnyanka are ready for use 1.5 months after sowing. Pak-choi does not tie heads and looks more like leaf beets (only white petioles). But for culinary qualities, this is exactly cabbage: it can be eaten fresh, cooked, stewed. Fresh leaves are softer than heading, with bitterness.
You can grow a pack-choi through seedlings, but it doesn’t transfer the transplant. Therefore, it is better to sow in peat pots and plant them in the ground. I sow directly into the ground at the end of April under the film cover. When the plants grow a little, they easily tolerate cooling. In the spring, you can make several crops with an interval of 7-10 days to have a green conveyor longer. But in the middle of summer, with a long day, the plants will go to the arrow. However, at the end of June, the early cabbage is already suitable.
Tell me, is it possible to grow radishes and pak choi cabbage in the greenhouse in the fall? Is it possible to grow them together? What varieties are suitable for this?
After harvesting the main crop (for example, early tomatoes and cucumbers) at the end of August, it is possible to grow another crop of early vegetable crops in the greenhouse in the greenhouse. It is possible to start sowing even if the main plantings in the greenhouse are not cleaned up to the end, since the stalks of tomatoes and cucumber lashes by this time lack most of the leaves and do not shade the space around them.
The beds for sowing are prepared by slightly digging up or loosening the soil, while adding humus (half a bucket per 1 m2) and ash (1-2 cups per 1 m2).
Radishes are sown in grooves with a depth of about 1 cm, which are located at a distance of ojf 10 cm from each other. Seeds lay S every 4-5 cm and sprinkle with earth. The harvest of tender root crops ripens in about 5-6 weeks. For autumn sowing in geplitsa, it is necessary to choose early ripe fruit varieties: ‘Mark’. ‘Mokhovsky’, Reflex F1 ′, ‘Baron’, All-Season ’. ‘Gusar’, Camelot ’,‘ Caspar F1 ′, ‘Corsair’. ‘Rover F1 Resistant’, ‘Cherryat FT,‘ Helro ’,‘ Sachs PC.
Chinese cabbage pak-choi does not form a head of cabbage and ripens in 30-35 days. It is cold-resistant and grows better when sown at the end of summer, when the heat subsides and the light day diminishes. The seeds are sown in the grooves, which are located at a distance of 30-35 cm from each other, the distance between plants in a row is 10-15 cm.
Early varieties are suitable for late sowing: ‘Alenushka’, ‘Vesnyanka’. ‘Four F1 Seasons‘ Blue F1
Выращивать редис и листовую капусту в одной теплице можно. Эти растения относятся к одному семейству, так что уход за посадками и защита от вредителей и болезней у них во многом схожи.
Соседка после уборки лука и чеснока вносит немного комплексного удобрения или компоста и высевает семена капусты пак-чой. The second half of August is an ideal time for her, otherwise, if she sow earlier, she will go to the arrow. The care is simple: watering, weeding, feeding with complex fertilizer or urea (1-2 times). Butterflies sprinkled plants with ashes or sprayed with wormwood infusion, and from slugs spread a spiny juniper. They clean the cabbage before frosts and cook their favorite kimchi - in their family this Korean delicacy goes better than sauerkraut!
Kimchi Cooking Recipe
Pak-choi, so that bitterness is gone, soak for 1-2 days in the water, changing the liquid once a day.
Then I drain the water, put the cabbage into boiling water, count to 20 and immediately dip it in the cold (so that the leaves remain crisp). When the water is drained, each leaf is poured with salt and stuffed cabbage finely chopped
vegetables. Koreans use up to 16 types of fillings: daikon, ginger, coriander, onion, etc., but, most importantly, bitter and sweet peppers, carrots and garlic must be made. I measure the ratio of ingredients-on the eye. " Then I drop the head in brine (for 1 liter of water - 1 tbsp. With a hill of salt) and put it under pressure. You can eat even on the second day.
If the hostess does not have cabbage pak-choi, she uses Peking (sows it in the same time as the pak-choi) or white cabbage. She rinses the first one thoroughly before cooking, since the ground can be clogged between its leaves. White headed cabbage is cut into 4 parts or divided into leaves.
Chinese cabbage - pak choi ... Ok, head (essentially leaves), albeit purely leafy ... But to conduct selection on the petiole - we need a thin oriental mentality. Nevertheless, we will be fair to European plant growers: stalked celery and chard their invention. But when will one or the other be ripe in your garden? And pak-choi is a sprinter: grown through seedlings, he is ready by the middle of June! She is not only different in appearance from the white sister, but also in the richness of flavors: sharper, more aromatic. The petioles are thick and crunchy. Pure white. The leaf is compact, glossy, dark green. .
The Chinese woman is much more unpretentious than the garden garden queen. It will succeed both in cool and in hot summer, not quite on waste land, but where the white one definitely does not grow. To pay attention to its watering has just really in a drought.
Subtleties of agricultural engineering
Still, Pak-choi is growing not quite like a weed, and when it is grown, it is worth paying attention to some subtleties. This is the culture of a short day: you will be late with the sowing - it will go to bouquets Therefore, it is safer to grow it from the middle of summer, and in the southern
areas can be sown in September: 50 days of vegetation are enough for her to get on the table. So we plant the three-week-old seedlings either around April 20 or after the middle of summer. Pak-choi is more cold-resistant than cabbage: keep in mind during early spring planting.
It is more reliable to grow its seedlings: the cotyledon leaves of the seedlings are badly damaged by mollusks, cruciferous flea flowers and vegetable poduras.
Let the seedlings pick up a bit of strength! The distance between the plants in the ridge is about 30 cm, so that they do not close in with leaves that look like horse's ears (“horse's ear” is a literal translation from Chinese “pak choi”).
The best soil is compressed sandy loam or light heavy loose loam. The reaction is desirable weakly acid.
When loosening, mulching with organic matter, feeding with ash l (200 ml of volume per m2), cabbage will respond with a rapid increase of
Pak-choi (bok-choi) - Annual (rarely two-year) plant from the cruciferous family. This variety of cabbage has no roots. Side-choy forms a rosette of leaves with a height 35-65 cm.
There are two types of plants: with white and green petioles. Side-choi belongs to the category of early and cold-resistant cultures. The two-year-old cabbage in the second year of life forms a flower arrow. The roots of Pak-choi penetrate into the soil no deeper than 15 cm. In greenhouses and greenhouses, they are grown side-by-side at any time of the year, and outdoors in the warm season. Pereopilyatsya plant only with Peking cabbage.
In addition, the pack-choi contains many useful micro-and macronutrients, vitamins and fiber. This product is often used by people on a diet or sick for diabetes.
Features of cultivation: requirements for soil, site selection, earliness
On the territory of our country are grown several varieties of cabbage pak choi. Breeders brought early and mid-season Chinese cabbage. The first category includes "Alyonushka", "Golub", "Vesnyanka", "Corolla". These cabbage varieties ripen very quickly (the growing season is 45 days).
Mid-ripening varieties include “Swan”, “Swallow”, “Chill”, “Four Seasons”, “In Memory of Popova”. The growing season of mid-ripening varieties 50-55 days.
Buck choi not particularly demanding on soil. It can even grow in an uncomfortable area. But the best place for landing will be sandy loam or light loam. The acidity of the soil should vary from 5.5 to 6.5 pH. The best predecessor is the cucumber. It is not recommended to plant pak choi in the place where last year another variety of cabbage grew.
It is also undesirable to plant a bok-choi on one place for more than two years in a row.
Planting and caring for seedlings
For growing seedlings cabbage seeds are planted in peat cups at the end of March - mid April. Soil for seedlings can be mixed with humus for better seed germination. After planting the seeds pour water (cold water is undesirable). Seedling cups are best placed in a sunny place.
Under each sprout pour a little earth, then the plant quickly forms the fourth and fifth leaves. After five leaves are formed on the seedlings, it can be planted on a previously prepared area with cups.
Planting seedlings in open ground
To seedlings pak-choi quickly got accustomed, you need spraying water regularly (2-4 times a day, spraying is carried out for 5-7 days). It is best to plant cabbage in the penumbra. Until the roots of the seedlings are strong, hot sunshine can harm it. It is better to plant seedlings in the ground in the evening or on an overcast day.
The distance between the rows of cabbage should be 25-30 cm. Dig into the soil before the first true leaflets.
Watering and soil care
Side-choi should be watered until the plant has fully taken root at the landing site (we wrote about this in the previous section). After that, water only in cases when there is no precipitation for a long time (two weeks or longer). In such cases, 15-20 liters of warm water should be poured per square meter of soil.
The plant must spud for better yield. Do it for 20-25 days before harvest.
Sprinkle the ground ash before hilling the soil. If there is a lot of weed on the plot, we need to weed it.
Top dressing Chinese cabbage
Absolutely no difficulties should arise when caring for pak-choi. The best option for feeding plants is to use the necessary organic and mineral fertilizers. You must comply with the amount of fertilizer per square meter, so as not to harm the cabbage. Otherwise, it may die or lose its taste and beneficial properties.
The same proportions of g / m² are observed when superphosphates are added. Replacing all the listed chemical fertilizers can be wood ash.
It is better to refrain from the introduction of nitrogenous fertilizers (as even if the cabbage adds growth, it will lose its taste).
More about pak choi care
Culture is prone to the formation of arrows and flowering, so when growing it is necessary to take into account some of the biological features of the cabbage. Arrow formation and color flow processes are usually observed with a constant lengthening of daylight hours. To avoid this, some agronomists advise do not plant pak choi before July.
For better yields, the soil around the cabbage can be mulched with rich compost or mowed grass. So it will be better to preserve moisture (this is especially necessary during dry periods of summer).
Fight against plant diseases and pests
Cruciferous fleas are the most dangerous for side-parasites. With the wrong care of the plant, they are able to destroy most of the crop. To combat the parasite should be the most frequent loosening and abundant watering. You also need to mulch the cabbage in the morning through the infusion of tobacco or wood ash.
To combat the cruciferous flea, the use of an aqueous solution based on Kinmiks is allowed. The drug is diluted in water according to the instructions and sprayed in the evening or morning.
It is necessary to inspect cabbage leaves regularly at the stage of their formation for the presence of cabbage whitefish eggs. If they are detected, you need to collect all the eggs and destroy them.
Garden slugs or rain snails also pose a serious danger to the plant in open field conditions. To combat these pests use bait based on bran or alcohol infusion. Snails can be collected manually. Effective drug to combat slugs is "Rodax".
All the above preparations should be used strictly according to the instructions - the plant is very sensitive to any changes in the soil or on its surface.
Pak-choi is able to accumulate harmful trace elements in leaflets, so it is best to avoid frequent spraying and fight pests using the manual collection method.
Characteristics of cabbage pak choi
Agrotechnical requirements for growing Chinese cabbage are somewhat different than for most cabbage plants we are used to. Pak-choi is practically not demanding on the qualitative composition of the soil and perfectly forms the crop when grown on poorly fertilized land.
The Chinese variety of cabbage does not form heads of cabbage and is similar in external indicators to exotic greens or salad vegetables. Refers to early ripening species that ripen after planting seedlings thirty days later. The warm Asian climate allows you to grow and get pack-choi many times in one season.
Cabbage pak choi does not form heads of cabbage and is similar in appearance to exotic greens or salad vegetables.
In Russia, you can grow two types of pak-choi:
For more rapid and consistent seed germination with pak-choi, the soil for planting should be very loose and light. If the seedlings are grown in the warm season or in a room with a high temperature, the seeds are sown in late March.
Cabbage pak choi is very unpretentious and requires compliance with simple agrotechnical measures when growing
It is very convenient to grow pak-choi in several stages, making the intervals between sowing seeds in two weeks. After the formation on the plant of five true leaves transplant seedlings. This period falls on the third week after sowing the seeds in a container with soil. It is necessary to pay special attention to the poor survival rate of seedlings when transplanting to a permanent place.
Of particular importance for yield is the correct choice of variety. It is very important to choose a variety of pak-choi, which breeders bred for cultivation in similar weather conditions, as well as not affected by pests or diseases.
Experts recommend or very carefully carry out the handling of seedlings with an earthball, or produce pak choi on the ridges directly sowing seeds. Sowing seeds on the ridge is an ordinary way. The gap from one row to another must be at least thirty centimeters.
Ridges with crops need to be covered with a covering film and then the first entrances can be observed in a week. Very correct is the pubescence of plantings of conventional wood ash, which perfectly protects the seedlings from the invasion of the worst enemy of cabbage cultures in the form of a cruciferous flea.
The most effective is the preparation of the soil for sowing seeds since last fall. Preparation consists of a deep, no less than a spade bayonet, digging with a combination of fertilizer. Good results are shown by the application of organic fertilizers in an amount not exceeding ten liters per square meter of beds. To get a good harvest to organic need to add superphosphate fertilizers and a little lime.
In early spring, fertilized ridges need to be covered with a dark dense film that will help the soil to quickly thaw and warm up to a comfortable temperature for growing plants. Next, thawed ground digging with the introduction of urea.
Pak-choi can not be grown as a subsequent culture after plants such as cabbage, radishes and other cruciferous. Cabbage root system is located in the surface layers of the earth and is not buried more than fifteen centimeters.
After the formation on the plant of five true leaves transplant seedlings
It is very important that during the growing season the plants should not be treated and sprayed with chemicals and agents that can accumulate in the parts of the pack-choi that are eaten. Allowed the process of pollination with cabbage Peking type. Despite the exoticism, the pack-choi is very unpretentious to the growing conditions and does not require any special care from the plant.
Some features in the cultivation of cabbage pak choi still exist, and if they are followed, the crop will be very high.
- Most importantly, do not forget that Chinese cabbage can shoot out and bloom at a stage when daylight hours are significantly increased.
- The best period of cultivation is the time from the end of April. It is at this time that the active formation and growth of the vegetative mass occurs. Breeders who plant pak choi from mid-May end up with a plant that will bloom and go to the stem. A good time for growing Chinese cabbage is the end of July, when daylight hours are waning, and the plant produces a very high yield.
- The basis of care is the implementation of weeding measures that can be replaced by mulching plants with needles, mowed grass, straw or sawdust. It is also important to carry out watering and protective measures against diseases and pests in a timely manner.
The greatest damage is inflicted on Chinese cabbage of the type pac-choi with cruciferous fleas
Description and characteristics of Chinese cabbage Pak Choi
During growth, a upright leaf rosette is formed instead of a head of a plant. Its exact size determines the grade. In general, the diameter of the outlet 30-35 cmits height from 10 to 50 cm.
Gentle leaves, blue-green or grayish-green, have dense white petioles, tight to each other.
There are several varieties of Chinese cabbage Pak Choi:
It is worth growing at a dacha leaf view. Leaves and petioles, in addition to vitamin C, chlorophyll, potassium, magnesium and carotene, contain lysine. A substance that stimulates the immune system, helps the body to fight infections and cancer cells.
Fresh leaves are included in salads, they have a slight bitterness and taste very much like arugula. Thick, white petioles stew or boil.
Leafy and petiolous varieties of Russian selection, which need to pay attention:
On sale there are also seeds of the Japanese selection. These are hybrids resistant to diseases and very early ripening:
Advantages and disadvantages
Fast production within 30-40 days - a big plus culture. The advantages include simplicity and the possibility of growing in soils of any kind.
When choosing a variety, you need to pay attention to such characteristics as the tendency to tsvetushnosti and bolting. It is better to acquire resistant non-arrowing varieties and hybrids. A plant that has thrown away a flower stalk loses its taste and its commercial qualities.Pak Choi, discarded flower spike loses its taste
In short, the value of the species can be formulated as follows:
- Short vegetative period (not more than 50 days).
- Cold resistance.
- Resistance to pathogens.
Growth conditions for this variety
The soil on the ridge should be loose, fertile and always wet. So that the cabbage does not hurt, it received enough nutrients from the soil, do not land her after the following vegetable crops:
Planted in partial shade Pak Choi has a more delicate flavor, but matures longer.
Experienced gardeners are considered the most appropriate time for planting summer months (July August). Daylight is decreasing, cabbage is not arrow. In July ridges are released. During this period, remove the bow. Pak Choi is planted in his place.
How to prepare the soil for cultivation
If the soil is clay, garden beds for cabbage dig from the fall. Add a bucket of humus, adding to it a superphosphate (1 tbsp. L) and a glass of ash.
If the soil is light loamy or black soil, dig up the ground in spring one week before transplant. In this case, in addition to the superphosphate, add urea (1 tsp). The fertilizer rate is per 1 m².
How to plant cabbage in open ground
Their size should correspond to the volume of earthen coma seedlings. Place pits in rows with a step equal to 30 cm in a row and leave the same between the rows.
Seedlings transplant transshipment method. Накануне ее умеренно полить, чтобы земляной ком легко было достать из стаканчика, и он не рассыпался во время пересадки. Воткнув капусту в лунку, нужно присыпать корни землей, землю уплотнить и полить отстоянной водой.Рассада высаживается в грунт методом перевалки
Diseases and their prevention
Fear is worth cruciferous flea, a known pest of all plants that belong to the cruciferous family. After the seedlings have been transplanted to the ridge, you need to take care of it:
- Sprinkle the ground between the plants with ashes or red pepper to scare away fleas.
- For a week at least 2 times to loosen the ground. At the same time remember that the roots of Pak Choi do not lie deep. Loosen only the top layer of 3 cm.
Diseases and pests
The greatest damage is caused to Chinese cabbage of the type pac-choi with cruciferous flea. This very small pest can completely destroy all planting plants. The pest begins its flight in early spring, after the air has warmed up to fifteen degrees Celsius. For the same period, there is a very active and massive egg-laying.
Cruciferous flea awakened from hibernation immediately begin to feed intensively on young plants and can completely eat the plant that begins active growth in a couple of days.
There are several very effective methods and means that will save plants from death. During this period, plentiful watering of seedlings is important. This pest does not tolerate high humidity, as the plants growing on well-moistened soil are well protected from the cruciferous flea.
Pak-choi can shoot and bloom at a stage when light day increases significantly
A very good result is given by the method of pollination of young and already adult plants with any mixtures, the basis of which is represented by ordinary wood ash or tobacco dust.
The best infusions from pests Pak-choi:
If it is not possible for the plant breeder to spray or pollinate plants, it is possible to briefly apply a covering of not strong plants with light non-woven covering materials such as spunbond, agrospam or lutrasil.
Pak-choi description and product benefits
This kale is also called Chinese, because it started to cultivate it in this country. The plant forms a compact outlet of tightly adjacent leaves. The leaves of the cabbage are juicy, on top often bright green color, but at the base they are white and more fleshy. All the above-ground part of the plant can be used as food, both green leaf mass and white petioles.
There are various varieties of this cabbage, which differ in terms of ripening and size. Pak-choi can reach a height of 30-60 cm in height, and up to 30 cm in diameter of the rosette. The plant is rich in vitamins and various minerals. Beneficial effect on the body with regular consumption of food, suitable for dietary nutrition.
But besides its exceptional usefulness for the body, pak-choi is popular with gardeners also due to its:
Planting cabbage pak choi
You can sow cabbage in open soil from April to August. But not all this period is equally favorable for sowing pak choi. It is better to choose for planting seeds one of the following two periods:
Gardeners especially prefer to sow cabbage pak-choi in July, because when it is planted at this time, you can not only get really good yields, but also to avoid the care of the plant in the arrow as much as possible.
Pak-choi is sown in the prepared soil 2-3 cm deep into the wells with a distance between them of 20-30 cm. The distance between the rows is also better to follow at least 20-30 cm so that each plant has the necessary area for food. When planting in spring, when it is still cold enough, crops can be covered with a film or special material to protect young seedlings.
Even a beginning gardener can easily cope with the care of a pack-choi. It is not difficult and consists of:
- sufficient watering
- regular soil loosening around plants
- making feedings.
But too much to get involved in feeding this early-growing culture is still not worth it, especially the introduction of mineral fertilizers. It will be enough to feed the pack-choi once or twice with herbal infusion. Can be taken for plant nutrition and infusion of mullein.
Water the cabbage, depending on weather conditions. Watering should be sufficient, but without excess. After the rains and irrigations, the ground is loosened so that it is light and breathable. Do it carefully so as not to harm the root system of plants, which they have superficial.
With the appearance of cabbage pests need to take measures to protect plants. But since this culture is precocious, you need to use only safe means. From cruciferous flea or cabbage whiteflies, plants can be sprayed with extract of tobacco or use ashes, and it is better to remove the larvae and eggs. Manual harvesting is also effective for cabbage pests such as slugs and snails.
The use of pak choi in cooking
Pak-choi is used in the preparation of a wide variety of dishes, and in any form this cabbage is very good. It can be braised or fried with other vegetables or meat. It is used for cooking first courses. For example, very tasty, light and nutritious is chicken soup with pak-choi.
To cook this dish with 1.5 liters of water, you will need 2 chicken fillets, 6 bundles of pak-choi cabbage, 4 small potatoes and carrots, 2 stalks of celery, 1 onion, 2 cloves of garlic, 1 tbsp. vegetable oil, 1-2 bouillon cubes.
- Chicken fillet and vegetables cut into cubes, finely chop the garlic.
- Put the chicken fillet in a stew for 10-15 minutes, then add potatoes, carrots, cabbage stalks and celery to the pan.
- Heat the oil in a pan, fry the onion and garlic in it until softened.
- Stir fried onions and garlic in a saucepan, then cook for about 10-15 minutes more.
- At the very end put the bouillon cubes, cabbage leaves and salt.
But during heat treatment, some of the vitamins of the green leaves of the pak-choi are quickly lost. Therefore, in a fresh salad, this cabbage will be much more useful. Ingredients for making fresh salads can be taken different. It already depends on the taste preferences of the person.
A very tasty salad will turn out, for example, from Bulgarian pepper, pak-choi leaves, dates, grated ginger and carrots. These ingredients need to be mixed, then season with lemon juice. If desired, you can also add a little vegetable oil, better than olive oil. The dish is light and nutritious.
Choosing what to plant in your garden, do not forget about the cabbage pak choi, because it is a tasty and healthy product. Moreover, in the care of this culture is quite simple. Even a novice in garden affairs will be able to cope with its cultivation.
What is cabbage pak choi
This is an annual cruciferous plant, although there are also two-year varieties. A distinctive feature of how Chinese cabbage grows is that it does not have a developed rhizome. It forms a kind of rosette of leaves from 30 to 70 cm tall. There are two main types of this vegetable - with green and white petiole. The culture is frost-resistant and early, and the two-year-old is also prone to the formation of arrows in the second year. What does Chinese cabbage look like?
Cabbage roots are immersed in the ground no more than 15 cm. It can be grown in a greenhouse at any time of the year, outdoors only in summer. Pereopyleniya plants can occur exclusively with the Beijing "relative". Chinese kale - a storehouse of vitamins and minerals, as well as, like all vegetables, contains a lot of fiber. This is an indispensable product for losing weight or people with diabetes.
It is also necessary to grow Chinese cabbage in the garden because it perfectly removes slags and toxins from the body, and has a general health effect due to the whole complex of vitamins. Daily use of vegetables makes blood vessels more durable and elastic. Vitamin A helps renew the skin, and folic acid contributes to the proper development of the fetus in pregnant women.
In vegetable farming, they mainly cultivate several varieties that are best adapted to garden conditions:
- Vesnyanka. The most precocious leaf variety - seedlings appear within a few days, and in less than a month you can eat fresh leaves.
- Lebedushka. The term of its full maturation is 40 days or a little more. Differs large (up to 40 cm in diameter) upright outlet. White 35-centimeter scapes make up the bulk of the plant. Very unpretentious variety, adapts well to difficult climatic conditions.
- Alenushka. It has a massive petiole and an impressive rosette of leaves. It is considered the most delicious variety.
- Peahen. Hybrid, which is the result of the interbreeding of Chinese and Chinese cabbage. Its main advantage is an unusually juicy and crisp cutting. It can be planted at any time, as it is resistant to stem formation. In addition, Pava looks beautiful and long stored after collection.
- Chinese cabbage Swallow. Mid-season variety, ripening which is about 2 months.
Growing cabbage pak choi
In order for the vegetable to germinate better, the soil must be light and saturated with oxygen. As a rule, the seeds are planted at the end of March, but for this, there must be a high temperature outside, or the planting should be done at home. The most convenient way to plant Chinese cabbage pak choi for growing every two weeks.
Once the seedlings acquire five sheets, it can be transplanted into permanent soil, but remember that it does not take root well. For this reason, many recommend sowing cabbage immediately to the garden bed. It is necessary to replant very carefully, along with a clod of earth.
On the ridge of the plant is planted in rows, at least 30 cm apart. If these are seeds, then they are safely covered with a film, soon after that the first shoots will appear.
If possible, planting can be treated with ordinary wood ash, which scares cruciferous flea dangerous for any cabbage.
It is recommended to prepare the land for planting in the fall - to dig, fertilize. It is best to make organic fertilizers in the calculation of 10 l / m2. You can also add a small amount of lime and superphosphate fertilizers. With the onset of spring, the ridge should be wrapped with foil so that they can quickly thaw and be ready for planting.
Chinese cabbage, cultivation and care for which are quite simple, requires certain rules for watering. Watering is necessary regularly until the seedlings are well acclimatized in the garden. In the future, watering is necessary only in drought conditions, when precipitation does not fall longer than two weeks. In this case, the calculation is as follows: for 1 m² of land you need to pour out 20 liters of water at room temperature or slightly warmer.
To improve the harvest of Chinese cabbage planted in open ground, you need to spud carefully.
It is best to spud 3 weeks before harvest.
The plant from time to time forms arrows and flowers, this is especially noticeable with an increase in the length of daylight. Therefore, some experienced agronomists recommend planting a vegetable not earlier than in mid-July. Also, to feed and preserve moisture, you can enclose each plant with compost or hay.
Carefully it is necessary to monitor the appearance of cruciferous flea on a vegetable. These insects are able to destroy the entire crop in a short time. Preventive measure can be timely loosening and competent watering. From time to time in the morning you can mulch Chinese cabbage with ash or tobacco extract.
The solution prepared from household soap and wood ash is also quite effective.
Other solutions that are easy to prepare at home: tomato leaves + garlic, vinegar + dandelion roots, green wormwood + arrows of garlic. They can both be watered and sprayed with pak choi. In gardening stores sold and specialized drugs from cruciferous flea, which should be used according to the instructions.
Another dangerous pest is the cabbage tree. Inspect the leaves of the plant every day so as not to miss the eggs laid for her. If found, immediately eliminate and destroy them.
A garden slug can also be harmful, often attacking all the plants planted in open ground. They are destroyed with the help of bait from alcohol brew or bran. But you can simply collect snails with your hands or use special tools. Manual harvesting has an advantage over chemical treatment - harmful substances will not accumulate in the leaves.
Harvesting and storage
Pack-choi can be collected at any stage, from germination to full maturity.
Young cabbage must be cut at 3 centimeters above the soil level, the adult - a little higher.
After cutting, cabbage does not die, but continues to grow and will soon yield again the harvest. At the end of September, the time comes to uproot it, because in rainy and cool weather the plant will not be able to fully grow.
It is not recommended to keep Chinese cabbage for a long time, because the leaves tend to lose their freshness. The exception is storage in the freezer, where the vegetable can lie through all winter without losing vitamins. You can make a lot of delicious dietary dishes from pak-choi, for example, a salad with the addition of corn, green peas or mandarin slices.
Due to its ease of care, Chinese cabbage is gaining more and more popularity every year.