Author: Listieva Lily January 21, 2015 Category: Garden Plants
Plant ageratum (lat. ageratum) belongs to the genus Astrovye. Its representatives are found mainly in North and Central America, as well as in East India. The name of the plant comes from the Latin ageratos, which means "ageless", and in fact - ageratum retains freshness for a very long time in the cut. In Europe, the ageratum became widespread in the 19th century, in our country it is called “long flower”. It is grown in gardens for fluffy flowers, similar to pompons, gathered in dense inflorescences, most often blue palette of shades, besides, it is completely unpretentious in care. There are about 60 species of ageratum.
Planting and maintenance of the ageratum (briefly)
- Landing: sowing on seedlings - in the second half of March, followed by transplanting seedlings into the ground in the second decade of May.
- Bloom: from June to the first frost.
- Lighting: bright sunlight.
- The soil: easy, nutritious, not too fat, neutral.
- Watering: plentiful, under the root.
- Top dressing: once every three weeks alternately with organic and mineral fertilizers. To make fresh manure is strictly not recommended.
- Reproduction: cuttings and seeds.
- Pests: leaf and gall nematodes, caterpillars scoop, spider mites, whitefly.
- Diseases: root rot, bacterial wilt, cucumber mosaic virus.
Ageratum flower - description
Ageratum is a small bush with triangular, oval or rhombic leaves of juicy green color with a jagged edge. The upper leaves are alternate, sessile, and the middle and lower leaves are opposite, on petioles. Numerous erect pubescent stems reach a height of 10 cm to 60 cm. The flowers are small, fragrant, bisexual, collected in small inflorescences baskets ranging from one to one and a half centimeters in diameter, which in turn constitute complex thyroid inflorescences - there are not only blue purple, but also white, and pink shades. Ageratum fruit is an elongated wedge-shaped pentahedral achene. There are about 7 thousand small seeds in one gram, which remain viable for 3-4 years.
Plant propagation by cutting
Propagation by cuttings should be made before the onset of cold weather. The plant is dug up, and together with the earth is placed in a separate pot. During the winter, the pot should be kept warm and as close to the sun as possible.
Top dressing and watering should be done twice a month. This care is recommended to adhere to the middle of spring.
As for blanks cuttings, the best time for this procedure will be the beginning of March. The length of each specimen should be within 14 cm. Cut the shoots should be treated with a compound to accelerate growth, and then placed in the soil.
The cuttings are watered and covered with foil, and the pot is sent closer to the sun. The temperature in the room should not be above 22 0 C. Within two weeks, the cutting will root, and a month later will begin to throw out the young shoots. Planted in open ground after the end of frosts.
Care in open soil
To the plant was neat and pleased with abundant flowering, it is necessary to properly water it. Also do not forget about dressing and loosening the soil.
Periodic pruning of plants at times accelerates the growth of bushes.
Watering a flower
The drought for ageratum is not terrible, because it has very long roots. You need to water the plant with plenty of water, but rarely. If the water in the ground is too much, then it can provoke various diseases, including the rotting of the roots. Irrigate ageratum better in the morning.
Top dressing is very important for this plant. Organic is a great option. To prepare the tool will need to dissolve the mullein in the water, and water the flower with this composition. Top dressing is made once a month. As for pure manure, it is strictly prohibited to use it.
Classic fertilizers are also used to a minimum. This applies to humus and peat, which contribute to the lush growth of greenery, but on the flowers act negatively.
The best option for fertilizing for agratum will be a special composition of mineral fertilizers intended for annual plants.
Agraftum trim is a "breath of fresh air." To ensure good flowering, you should timely remove wilted inflorescences.
If the plant stretches upwards due to a long stay in the shade, it is necessary to slightly remove the tip of the shoot. Thus, the shrub will become green and lush, which is greatly appreciated by gardeners.
Pruning ageratum is recommended once every 30-40 days. Often carry out a similar procedure is not worth it, because the bush will lose its attractiveness.
This is an important event on which the plant density depends. It should be cut only the upper part of the stretching shoots. After the procedure, each branch should contain about 5 leaves. Only then will the escape fully grow.
Pests and flower diseases
Like all plants, ageratum often suffers from various pests and numerous diseases. Often, the flower affects root rot, which develops as a result of excessive moisture in the soil and air. Since the disease is very difficult to remove, it is better to prevent its occurrence, following the rules of watering.
Another disease affecting ageratum - cucumber mosaic. Also, aphid, spider mite and whitefly take root on the flower.
The fight against diseases and pests is to remove the affected parts of the plant, as well as to treat the plants with special therapeutic agents.
Application in landscape design
Due to the attractive and bright appearance, the flower is universally used for decoration:
- various flower beds,
- alpine slides.
The plant is very compact, so it can be planted in boxes and vases to decorate balconies and stairs.
A good is the combination of ageratum with calendula, marigold, zinnia, vervain, cineraria, gelenium, orebeckia, antirrinum. Looks great and flowerbed, which is completely planted with ageratum only. But, in this case, it is better to use several different shades at once. Thus, the site will play with different colors and will delight all passers-by with its attractive appearance.
Origin of ageratum, characteristics
In order for the seeds to rise well, make sure that the soil is always slightly moist. To do this, periodically sprinkle it with water, and then cover the surface of the box with cling film or glass.It is a perennial herbaceous or semi-shrubby plant grown as an annual.
Growing ageratum from seed
In order for you to have lush and abundant flowering plants, rather than thin elongated, they should be cut. Leaving at the same time near the base of several internodes. After that, the plant will begin to grow again, but more magnificently.Ageratum is a flower that is pubescent with short, colorless hairs. Ageratum is considered a highly branching plant. Flowers reach a height of 10 to 60 centimeters. Since the ageratum is a thermophilic plant, it does not tolerate frosts, even light ones. That is why the landing occurs in the warm months, in the middle lane, when frost can be and not to be afraid.
Landing ageratum in the ground and care
Then you need to know that ageratum:Ageratum Blue Lagoon,
On the site should choose a place in which you will plant seedlings of ageratum
Categories: Planting in March Flowers for a bed
"Little Dorrit" ("Little Dorrit") - compact, low, hemispherical bushes 15-20 cm tall. Weakly pubescent, durable shoots. Rounded rhombic, small, on long petioles leaves. Multi-flowered, loose inflorescences. Light blue baskets 0.8-1.3 cm in diameter. Short stigmas. This early variety has been blooming since early June. Not enough drought resistant. It is recommended for bedding, flower beds, gardening of balconies and pot culture.When two or three true leaves appear, the seedlings swoop. A pick is required. I tried not to swoop down the blue mink ageratum shoots. For three weeks they stood in the same pore in a container, and only after planting in the ground at the end of May in the form of the thinnest sprouts, they quickly moved into growth. Bloomed, respectively, later than their wounded brethren.
The color of the flowers is blue, lilac-blue, white, rarely pink, red. The flowers are small, fragrant, gathered in small baskets, resembling a "powder puff" from the powder box. The inflorescences are given the main decorative effect by bilobed stigmas, which are almost twice as long as the perianth and stand out strongly above it. The perianth and stigma are usually colored the same. Among the exceptions is the Leda variety, whose perianth is blue and the stigmas are white.When autumn comes and the first frost begins, the Ageratum plant dies. In order to save it, you need to transplant in winter greenhouses or greenhouses, if it is available. This is how you can save you liked the bushes ageratum.
Types of ageratum
The leaf structure of each ageratum is different. There are flowers that have the shape of leaves in the form of a triangular shape, and there are those that have a rhombic shape. Also, some edges are jagged, and some have a crenate shape. Flowers as there can be various forms, everything depends on the type of ageratum. Most often the flowers are blue, but there are that are white and pink in color.The transplant procedure is well and painless. The main thing that during the rooting period he had enough moisture, light and heat. After planting the soil around the plants, it is desirable to mulch with humus or peat, since the evaporation of water will occur more slowly, and if there are unexpected frosts, not the whole plant will die, but only its top. Shortly thereafter, shoots may begin to grow again from the bottom.
- This perennial tolerates winter well and usually blooms until the beginning of frosts, after which it dies. In early spring you will need to remove the remnants of flowers. Ageratum, the cultivation of seeds from which you decide to master, blooms quite lushly, but only if there is additional watering during times of drought. Water the plant is abundant, but not to fill it. Trimming and cutting are transferred to them properly. As for fertilizers, when using them, you can stop your choice on all but organic ones. It is best to resort to their assistance during the growing season. The most important thing in the care of ageratum is the constant weed control. This is done by weeding and loosening the soil and significantly accelerates the development of the plant.
- Does not tolerate soil fertilizer with fresh manure,
- Ageratum blue muff,
- Flowering ageratum begins 40-60 days after planting it in open ground. It is very beautiful and can please everyone. Small purple and pink inflorescences are in perfect harmony with any vegetation of the garden. To maintain the ageratum in a similar state, the plant must be constantly fed, not forgetting about watering and constantly removing dried inflorescences in order to make room for new buds. In this case, flowering can occur until the middle of autumn.
- The plant belongs to the Astrov family and is a small shrub called Agertum, a wonderful plant native to the tropics of Central America. It was brought to our continent in the 19th century and is still very popular. The plant is unusually beautiful, but, unfortunately, due to our climate and poor adaptability to temperatures and soil, it can only be one-year-old, which does not stop our growers and they gladly grow their favorite plant in their garden plots.
- "Summer Snow" ("Summer Snow") - bushes up to 45 cm high, white, in dense corymbidal inflorescences of a basket, blooms profusely.
- In order for the plant to better bush, it should be pinched over 3-4 pair of true leaves (the plant is about 8-10 cm long at this time).
- It requires open, sunny places and even with a slight shading is drawn out, blooms inappropriately and is never as spectacular as the sun.
- In the spring, the cuttings of these plants can take root in the sand or soil-sand mixture.
- Care and landing for ageratum
- Planting density depends on the type of flower and its variety. For example, if you take a tall plant, then it is planted at a distance of 20-25 centimeters from each other. And if the plant is compact and even less stunted, then the landing should be done at a distance of 10 centimeters from each other.
- Ageratum is considered a long-flowered plant. The Ageratum belongs to the Aster family (Asteraceae). These flowers are common in southern North America and also in South America. The genus Ageratum has about thirty species.
- Does not tolerate wet soil,
- Ageratum blue mink,
- Small purple and pink inflorescences are in perfect harmony with any vegetation of the garden.
- The plant belongs to the aster family and is a small shrub. The leaves are bright green, rounded. Inflorescence fluffy, purple, blue or pink. The size of the shrub completely depends on the variety and climate of the region in which it is grown and can be from 10 to 60 cm. At home, the ageratum has more than 60 species and is a perennial plant.
"Fire Pink" ("Fire Pink") - compact, 20-30 cm tall plants. Small leaves. Loose, dark pink, bright purple in buds, inflorescences with a diameter of 4-5 cm, individual baskets are small, with a diameter of about 1 cm.Seedlings do not tolerate moisture. Seedlings need to be watered moderately. Minor spring frosts are very dangerous for young plants, however, in the fall, the ageratum continues to bloom even at low negative temperatures.
Propagating ageratum using cuttings is very simple. And all because the stem can easily form adventitious roots. Although the same method is occasionally used only by breeders or flower growers.
What the plant does not tolerate
Should be performed as described below, and all in order for the flowers to grow beautiful and for a long time to please the eyes of others.To care for the ageratum in principle is not very difficult. Leaving includes loosening the soil, watering, weeding and dressing. Feeding is carried out every two to three weeks. It is better to do this with humic or mineral fertilizers, as well as with mullein infusion, since it has already been said that ageratum does not withstand fresh manure.
- Ageratum does not apply to plants from which you can make bouquets of dried flowers. Although it is quite suitable to create bouquets in winter. If the plant is quickly dried, then it will retain its decorative effect. To do this, cut the flowers at the beginning of their blooming and hang loose bunches loosely, preferably with inflorescences down.
- Strongly affected by pests
- Bonjour Ageratum
- In fact, there are a lot of ageratum species, it's a pity that not everything is possible to grow in our conditions, but
Now, increasingly, the Agratuma varieties are being replaced by heterotic F1 hybrids, which are distinguished by earlier, long and abundant flowering, fast growth, compactness and uniformity in height. The most common hybrids are:
Ageratum in our garden (photo)
Ageratum: growing from seed and further care
For a uniform planting material a. more often propagated by cuttings. For this, uterine bushes are kept on the windowsill or in the greenhouse. Then, in early spring (March or April), they are grafted and rooted at an appropriate ambient temperature of 20-22 ° C. Plants grown from cuttings remain flat and compact in the future.
In order for the plants to remain beautiful as long as possible, it is advisable to cut off the withered inflorescences together with the tips of the shoots after cutting. quickly restored and blooms again.In most cases, only seed reproduction is used, since with it is much easier and less pantyhose.
The root system of ageratum is fibrous, adventitious roots can easily develop. Therefore, he prefers sandy and loamy soils. It is better if they are non-acidic and fertile. Fertilize fresh manure this flower is not worth it, because it does not stand it. Due to the fact that ageratum has a developed root system, the plant can easily cope with water deficiencies or overheating of the soil. That is extremely convenient for various places of cultivation.
If there is an excess of fertilizer, then the ageratum begins to “fatten”, that is, all the forces are spent on the development of the bush, and not on the flowering.
Tall varieties look beautiful not only in flowerbeds, but also when cut in vases. And there are a long time.
Weak before plant diseases.
Care of ageratum
Grows well in light, neutral, nutritious soil. For a. requires a sunny location, light, nutritious soil with a neutral reaction and moderate watering. On too greasy ground, everything goes to the vegetative mass at the expense of flowering. Не выносит переувлажнения.
Сейчас очень широкое применение получили гибриды а., поскольку они зацветают раньше и цветут более продолжительно и обильно. In such plants, the bushes are compact, the same height, which is important for growing a. like curb plant.
In one of the flower beds I saw an amazing combination of yellow marigolds and some other blue flowers. I learned that the name of these flowers -
Saving ageratum during frosts
For homogeneous plants they are planted with cuttings. At a temperature of 20-22 degrees, the cuttings tend to root quickly.
When autumn comes and the first frost begins, the Ageratum plant dies. In order to save it, you need to transplant in winter greenhouses or greenhouses, if it is available. This is how you can save you liked the bushes ageratum.
The leaf structure of each ageratum is different. There are flowers that have the shape of leaves in the form of a triangular shape, and there are those that have a rhombic shape. Also, some edges are jagged, and some have a crenate shape. Flowers as there can be various forms, everything depends on the type of ageratum. Most often the flowers are blue, but there are that are white and pink in color.
Hopefully, none of these facts scared the future owners of the Aheratum on their garden plot, because this plant, like all the others, grows well in the garden and is only as pleasing to the eye when it receives due attention and at least some of the free of time.
In its homeland (in the tropics of Central America), the ageratum grows like a perennial plant. The name of this flower in translation means "ageless", which is fully justified by its uninterrupted flowering.
Ageratum is a herbaceous shrubby plant. In our climate it is grown as an annual flower. Sprawling bush, with a lot of shoots. The root system is well developed. Stems erect. The height of the bushes varies from 10 to 60 cm. The leaves are round or triangular with mild serrations. The flowers have a blue, purple, white or pink color. The flowers are small, fluffy, gathered in small dense inflorescences. At the same time, ageratum produces many flower stalks.
The genus ageratum has more than 60 species. The most common floriculture ageratum houstona or, as it is called, Mexican. The range of this type of ageratum is widely represented in our market. Each variety is unique and is distinguished by the height of the bush, flower color and duration of flowering.
The most popular varieties of Mexican ageratum:
In the photo, you can see the characteristics of many popular ageratum varieties and choose your own, the most sun-filled variety.
It is necessary to highlight another type of ageratum - conized. It differs from Mexican in smaller flowers and foliage of blunted form.
Ageratum as an element of landscape design
In landscape design, the ageratum looks very good as a background for flower beds, flower beds and works with perennial flowers. Low-growing varieties of ageratum are used to form decorative borders, while tall ones are grown for cutting.
Bright color of the flowerbed will give a combination of ageratum with calendula, zinnia, marigolds and other colors of yellow-orange color. Ageratum is grown for landscaping balconies and is suitable for growth in flowerpots. Flowerpots with a joint planting ageratum and petunias will decorate arbors or the threshold of the house.
From the photo, fluffy flowers of ageatum look at us as something exotic, but in fact it is very easy to grow this culture that does not get tired of blooming. For this you need to follow only some simple rules, which are described above.
- The root system of ageratum is fibrous, adventitious roots can easily develop. Therefore, he prefers sandy and loamy soils. It is better if they are non-acidic and fertile. Fertilize fresh manure this flower is not worth it, because it does not stand it. Due to the fact that ageratum has a developed root system, the plant can easily cope with water deficiencies or overheating of the soil. That is extremely convenient for various places of cultivation.
- Ageratum: growing from seed
- Flowering ageratum begins 40-60 days after planting it in open ground
- Ageratum pink,
- Ageratum is grown from seeds that begin to be sown in March (second half of the month)
- "Purple Fields" - a compact hybrid, 20-25 cm tall, baskets of unusual purple color. Plants are laid on the ground up to 30 cm. The variety is therefore called “purple fields”. In 2000, he received the Fleroselect Quality Award Winner award.
- "Blausternchen" ("Blausternchen") has a very low compact bush, 10-15 cm tall. The inflorescences are few-flowered, friable, the baskets are blue with a lilac shade, the buds are dark purple, small, 0.9-1 cm in diameter. The variety is not sufficiently drought resistant. Early blooms from early June to October.
- Ageratum Houstona can be propagated by seed and cuttings. Most often prefer cultivation from seeds.
Ageratum is a genus from the Compositae or Astrov family, it grows in nature in Central America, where there are about 60 species.
Planting density depends on the type of flower and its variety. For example, if you take a tall plant, then it is planted at a distance of 20-25 centimeters from each other. And if the plant is compact and even less stunted, then the landing should be done at a distance of 10 centimeters from each other.
Ageratum is considered a long-flowered plant. The Ageratum belongs to the Aster family (Asteraceae). These flowers are common in southern North America and also in South America. The genus Ageratum has about thirty species.
Reproduction ageratum occurs with the help of seeds or cuttings. Ageratum has a small fruit that contains about 6-7 thousand seeds per gram. These seeds can remain viable for up to 4 years.
The variety of colors of ageratum makes it the most attractive for amateur gardeners who want to decorate their site. At the end of March you need to sow the seeds in boxes with nutritious soil. At the same time, they should not deepen. About half a month later, the first shoots appear out of the ground, and after another three weeks they are transplanted into larger boxes or greenhouses. We must not forget about the need to dive the plant during its growth. This is done twice. Young plants, as well as their shoots should be kept in dry air and slightly damp soil. Watering is carried out exclusively in the morning time of the day, and if the plant is in a greenhouse, it must be aired every day. Approximately two weeks before planting, the ageratum is exposed to the air to get used to the external environment.
Do not forget about watering and constantly clean up dried inflorescences to make room for new buds
On the site you should choose a place in which you will plant seedlings of ageratum. The soil on the site must be well drained and in no case acidic. It is required to make shallow holes at a distance of about 20 cm from each other and shed them with water before planting the seedlings.
Ageratum Planting and Care
All varieties of hybrids bloom long, from early June to September, especially if you cut off withers faded.
"Alba" ("Alba") - spherical, compact bush, up to 20 cm tall. Inflorescences are white, dense.
When seed reproduction is observed a great variety in the color of flowers. The varietal purity of most species does not exceed 80%. Desirable double picks.
In culture, the only common species is Ageratum Houston, or Ageratum Mexican (A. Houstonianit, - A. mexicanum), which has been known since 1733.
To care for the ageratum in principle is not very difficult. Leaving includes loosening the soil, watering, weeding and dressing. Feeding is carried out every two to three weeks. It is better to do this with humic or mineral fertilizers, as well as with mullein infusion, since it has already been said that ageratum does not withstand fresh manure.
- Ageratum does not apply to plants from which you can make bouquets of dried flowers. Although it is quite suitable to create bouquets in winter. If the plant is quickly dried, then it will retain its decorative effect. To do this, cut the flowers at the beginning of their blooming and hang loose bunches loosely, preferably with inflorescences down.
- For homogeneous plants they are planted with cuttings. At a temperature of 20-22 degrees, the cuttings tend to root quickly.
- Landing features
- To see how this plant looks great, you should only consider the ageratum flowers, the photos of which are located on the site. Already at first sight, a tropical plant truly falls in love with itself!
- Ageratum pink ball,
- When the seedlings take root, it will need the following care: watering as the soil dries, loosening the soil around the seedling, thoroughly weeding the area from the weeds, as they can affect the root system of the agratum, and weekly fertilizer.
- Most of the above varieties are difficult to find in conventional seed shops, as well as in online stores.
- "Blue Perfection" ("Blue Perfection") - strongly branched, compact, almost spherical bush, 25-30 cm tall, with strongly pubescent strong shoots with a purple tint from the sunny side. Large leaves on long petioles. Baskets lilac-blue, 1.5-1.7 cm in diameter. Inflorescences are multi-flowered, medium dense. This early variety has been blooming since early June.
For seedlings, the seeds of the Ageratum of Mexico are sown from late February to early April. Shoots appear after 7-12 days at an air temperature of 20-22 degrees.
- Ageratum in translation means - "ageless." So it is called because of the long period of flowering from June to October, and also because its flowers keep brightness and intensity of coloring for a long time. In the people the plant is called long-flowered.
- If there is an excess of fertilizer, then the ageratum begins to “fatten”, that is, all the forces are spent on the development of the bush, and not on the flowering.
- Tall varieties look beautiful not only in flowerbeds, but also when cut in vases. And there are a long time.
- Sowing seeds is better to do in late March or early April. Planted better in greenhouses or hotbeds. Shoots preferably dive in greenhouses. Seedlings do not like when in the soil an excess of moisture. At the end of the spring frosts they can be planted in the ground. For abundant and regular flowering requires constant watering, but you need to water carefully so as not to hurt the flowers and leaves.
- Growth and development of plants are characterized by a high rate. Moreover, the depth of the soil in the ground corrects the plant itself ageratum. Cultivation from the seeds of this flower should be started only after the completion of all frosts. When landing in the ground, you must first loosen the landing site. Drainage or other wisdom in this case is not needed. The main thing is to place the seedlings at the same level as they were in the seedling boxes. Raise or strongly deepen the cervical roots is not desirable. Between two neighboring specimens, it is desirable to provide a distance of about 15 cm. The first flowers of the Ageratum should appear approximately in two months.
- Now we know for sure how to grow an ageratum, when to plant an ageratum and how to care for it, but there are some more obligatory facts, which will be described below. The ageratum itself, its seeds, an adult plant already planted in the soil, are all quite vulnerable to plant diseases in our country, and therefore, if you want to grow an ageratum in the garden plot, buy seedlings and plant it in the ground or start with seed,
There are cases when the seedlings of the ageratum begin to grow rapidly. This is not a very positive factor, since the plant must grow in a tree-like manner and develop at a low height. In order to ensure proper growth, it is necessary to cut off the tops of the shoots, thereby forming a shrub.
Mostly other varieties are sold, some of which have been tested by me in combination with other colors.
"Blau Kappe" ("Blaue Kappe") - a compact, low, hemispherical bush, 20-30 cm tall, has dark green, densely pubescent shoots. Loose, medium-sized inflorescences, with a diameter of 5-6 cm. Lilac-blue, with short stigmas of a basket 1-1.5 cm in diameter. This late variety blooms from mid-June to October.
This flower belongs to the group of perennials of the Aster family. Its homeland is Mexico and some other countries in South America. Also sometimes this plant in the wild is found in East India. In our country and in Europe, it is divorced mainly as an annual. For several years, ageratum can grow only in indoor conditions, as well as in greenhouses and greenhouses.
The root system of this plant is very well developed. The same can be said about the aboveground part. Fluffy compact bushes are literally dotted with small bright blue flowers. One of the distinguishing features of ageratum is the presence of soft hairs on the trunk, branches, leaves and even flowers.
So, you decided to plant an ageratum in your area. Seeds can be purchased at a specialty store or on the Internet. There are several varieties of this flower, each of which is beautiful in its own way. The most spectacular is Ageratum Blue, or, as it is also called, "blue mink." Ageratum Blue Danube is also very popular with gardeners. This is a hybrid of "blue mink", characterized by greater compactness and a purple hue of flowers.
Very often in the gardens and courtyards one can also see the Houston's ageratum or the Mexican variety. This semi-shrub or herbaceous plant can reach a height of 50 cm. The flowers of the Mexican ageratum are usually pure blue. Sometimes they also have a slightly lilac shade.
Another beautiful variety is Ageratum Summer Snow. This is a low and very compact plant with small leaves and also small dark pink flowers.
Ageratum, planting and care for which are carried out according to certain rules, is most often used to decorate courtyards and gardens in large flowerbeds. Many varieties of this plant form a solid very thick and beautiful "carpet". These flowers are very well combined with marigolds, zinnias, verbena, calendula, gelenium and rudbeckia. Sometimes ageratums are used also in borders or on alpine hills.
How to choose a place for landing
Most ageratum species enjoy sunny patches. In the shade of plants, the stems can be pulled out, which is why they lose much of their decorative effect. The decay of the root system is what the ageratum suffers very often. Growing it should therefore be done in an open, well-ventilated place.
The soil of these plants like a light, nutritious, neutral. Bed before planting should dig up and fertilize, for example, well-rotted manure. Very nice pre-arrange drainage. To do this, the land from the flower beds removed and poured to the bottom of the resulting gravel pit. Next, the soil is placed back.
How to plant
Flower ageratum is usually propagated by seed, seedling method. In the boxes, you can pour garden soil mixed with manure or a special soil mixture from the store, intended for ampel or terraced flowers. Landing is made in late March - early April.
Seeds are not buried too deep, only lightly sprinkling them with earth. The air temperature in the room with drawers should not fall below 20 degrees. Sprout ageratum appear approximately two weeks after planting. Prior to this, the boxes should be covered with plastic wrap. In this case, a moist warm microclimate will be established in them, which will allow to grow a strong ageratum. Seedlings get more viable and developed.
After a few leaves appear on the plants, they pick them into cups. Thanks to a very well developed root system, transplant flower transfers the ageratum very well. In gardens, gardeners sometimes even dig up flowering plants and plant them elsewhere. At the same time, there are no negative changes in agetums. The only thing - after carrying out such a transplant, as well as picks, the plants should be thoroughly filled with water.
When is it worth to transfer the ageratum to open ground? They do it immediately after warm weather is established on the street. Bushes are planted, carefully removing from the mashed cups. The distance between plants in open ground should be at least 20 cm.
Reproduction by cutting
Ageratum, planting and caring for which - the procedures are in fact usually not very complicated, thus, most often propagated by seed. However, this method can be obtained only tall plants with a small amount of foliage. More compact bushes grow when using the method of propagation for propagation. The same method is usually used for hybrid forms. Such ageratums cannot be propagated by seeds, since in this case their special decorative qualities will be lost.
To get the cuttings, the mother plant in the fall, before the onset of frosts, is dug, placed in a pot and put into a warm room. In the spring, several healthy shoots (side) are removed from the bush. The cut should be done directly under the kidney. Дело в том, что ткани в этом месте побега меньше подвержены грибковым заболеваниям. Длина черенков должна составлять около 5 см. Побеги высаживают в небольшую тепличку с рыхлым питательным субстратом. Укореняются черенки агератума очень быстро. Пересаживают их в открытый грунт точно так же, как и рассаду.
How to care
Растение агертатум – тропическое, а следовательно, пересыхание почвы переносит не слишком хорошо. Therefore, it is necessary to water the bushes every day. This is usually done in the morning. But you shouldn't overflow plants too much. Waterlogging can lead to rotting of the root system. Water after watering in the garden should not be.
Of course, the owners will have to fertilize the ageratum as well. Cultivation in this case will be much more successful. For feeding, you can use well-rotted manure, compost or complex mineral fertilizer. Too much organic matter under these plants can not be made. Otherwise, the bushes will grow very fluffy, but will not bloom. Instead of organic, it is better to use ammofosku or nitrophoska (20-30 g per 10 liters of water).
Too much stretched plants should be pruned. New shoots on the bushes appear very quickly. Be sure to remove and departed buds. Otherwise, the plant will quickly lose its decorative appearance.
Seeds are harvested immediately after flowering. Fade ageratum approximately 2-3 weeks after the buds begin to bloom. Most varieties are pollinated by bumblebees and bees. Seeds of ageratum are elongated and very small. 1 gram of them may contain 6000-7000 pieces. The color they have is light brown.
Collected planting material is placed in paper bags or bags and stored in a cool dry place until spring.
As you can see, it is quite spectacular and not very whimsical plant - ageratum. Planting and maintenance should, however, be carried out correctly. With timely watering and using the recommended fertilizers above, you can grow a beautiful fluffy "carpet" that can become just a wonderful decoration of any garden or yard.