Cinnamon, wrinkled. Maybe a variety tell me?
Good varieties of wild rose pretty much. But I will call you the most delicious and versatile. These varieties can be grown in the suburbs, they are excellent in their taste. There are varieties are not capricious with a great harvest, there are demanding. I will tell you about good varieties that have a lot of positive feedback, and you decide what you liked best.
- The first grade to which it is worth paying attention, - a grade "Anniversary". Luxurious rosehip. The fruits are anything but small and reach ten grams by weight. Superficially resemble ratenki, very tasty.
- The second variety, which somehow reminds us of the previous variety, is a variety with the funny name “Hedgehog”. Here the fruits weigh already twelve grams. The variety is amazingly delicious. I have tried the jam of them and I can say that the variety was created just for jam. Very useful!
- I will call the third variety "Apple" - in fact, everything is already said with one name. The berries are like small apples, moderately juicy. Also suitable for the suburbs. In general, the variety is grateful and not capricious. It grows in almost any conditions.
- You can look at the variety "Captain". The variety is very good and fertile. Delicious berries and are suitable for fresh consumption. Recommend.
- a variety very similar in taste to Rubin. These bushes are best planted at a distance of at least two meters from each other. They need freedom to grow.
An early grade of a dogrose with large fruits and the average term of maturing. The bush can grow up to 2 m in height. Small flowers, pale pink, collected in inflorescences. The fruits ripen red-orange, oval-shaped. Rosehip Vitamin VNIVI is disease resistant, tolerates frost well, and is rarely attacked by pests. However, it should be noted that the variety does not apply to self-pollinating, which means that another shrub of another variety should grow nearby.
Since early August
The variety is an interspecific hybrid of Webb’s rose and wrinkled roses. Oval-elongated fruits are distinguished by a high content not only of vitamin C, but also of folic acid. The berries are orange-red color are well suited for drying. Up to 3 kg of a crop can be collected from an adult bush. Fruiting long. A variety of medium ripening, relatively cold-resistant.
Very effective variety with powerful shoots and large fruits. Rosehip is an average ripening time. The height of the shrub plant can reach 2 m, during flowering, it becomes a real decoration of the garden. The Titan variety blooms very beautifully: with delicate light pink flowers. Fruits are formed by brushes of 3-5 pieces. The variety is disease resistant and cold resistant. The fruits are best suited for drying.
Rosehip early ripening. Belongs to vigorous varieties. The flowers are small, pale pink color. Orange berries of a rounded oval form when ripening become dark red. They have a sweet and sour taste and are well suited for drying.
Since early August
Choosing a variety of wild rose, pay attention to which group it belongs to. So you will know how to deal with the fruits: to dry or cook jam from them. And some flower growers generally grow wild rose exclusively for beauty. But it is better to combine the pleasant with the useful.
Rosehip belongs to the family of pink flowers. During the flowering period, its bright buds decorate the site, but from the end of summer it is already possible to collect its fruits. In this article, we consider the rosehip varieties with photos and descriptions that are considered the best by reviews. Its fruits can be quite large or small, with a dense or thin skin.
In the photo are hips, which are valued due to the high content of vitamins and biologically active substances
Thornless Rose Hip Grades
Rosehip is loved by almost everyone, but his collection is a real problem. Spines plants bring a lot of inconvenience. That is why many gardeners are in search of bespishnyh varieties of wild rose. Consider the most popular ones:
- Vitamin It does not have thorns in the fruiting area, which facilitates its collection. The height of the bush - 2 m. The variety is resistant to pests and diseases. The weight of one fruit is 3.5 gr. Vitamin well pollinated, which is rare for plants.
- Bearing. Already one name suggests that this variety is a real find for owners of the backyard territory. It is characterized by average yields. There are no thorns at all, and the berries are not large, but sweet, rich in vitamin C.
- Vnivi. Spreading and erect bush. Fruit weight is about 4 grams. From one bush can collect about 2 kg of fruit. As for resistance to diseases and pests, it is average.
Today there are over 250 varieties of wild rose. Some of them please with their fruits, the rest - with decorative
Rosehip varieties for the Moscow region
Today there are over 250 varieties of wild rose. Some of them are pleased with their fruits, while others - with decorative. Of course, before you buy a particular variety, you need to know whether it is well bearing fruit in the area. If we talk about the suburbs, then you need to carefully choose the grade.
In this area, not all shrubs are accepted and delight their fruits. Pay attention to those of them, which according to reviews of gardeners, grow and bear fruit abundantly:
- Scarlet. Winter hardiness, high yield, endurance to drought - the main advantages of the rosehip variety, photo and description of which is in the article. It is resistant to black spot, mildew and other ailments.
- Vorontsovskiy-1. It belongs to interspecific hybrids. Its height is 2.5 m. It is known for its frost resistance, it is practically not susceptible to diseases. Harvest from one bush is often 3.5 kg.
- Geisha. This is one of the best large-fruited varieties. Low-growing bush with shoots of medium thickness. Summer residents are divided, the fruits resemble the appearance of small apples. The harvest from one bush can be collected about 5 kg, which is good news for the owners.
- Hedgehog. Rosehip shoots have thorns, but this disadvantage is not so significant already against the merits of the Hedgehog. The weight of one fruit - 3,8 gr. This variety of wild rose ripens by mid-August. It is high-yielding, winter-hardy, and is also grown for decorative purposes.
- Victory. The variety of early ripening is valued by stable average yield and winter hardiness. Although there are thorns, they are absent directly in the fruiting zone. The fruits of the plant are large. A variety of universal purpose, so it can be seen both in the Moscow region and in other regions.
Of course, these are only some varieties of wild rose, which, according to the reviews of gardeners, have good yield characteristics. There are many others that are grown in the suburbs: Titan, Rubin, Ural champion, Jubilee, Spire, Globusoni and others.
Video about the best varieties of wild rose:
Rosehip varieties with photos and descriptions - the information that the owners of personal plots look for on the Internet. Many of them want to plant shrubs that will take root well in the Moscow region, while others are interested in rosehip varieties without thorns. In our article you will find a description of these cultures with photos.
Rosehip is a wonderful berry plant that can not only beautify the site and play the role of a hedge, but also bestow a rich harvest of healthy fruits. In the culture of growing several species of wild rose, there are many interesting varieties.
Rosehip: species and varieties
This beautiful plant belongs to the Rosaceae family - about six dozen of its species grow in Russia. In the wild, bushes can be seen on forest edges and clearings, on the banks of rivers, ravine slopes and rocky slopes. The most interesting for gardeners are hips:
• Multicolour (climbing)
Each of these varieties pleases with various varietal composition - the plants differ in the shape and color of flowers, the shape, size and color of fruits, the percentage of useful elements.
Wild rose varieties by maturity
The category of early wild rose include Rubin. This vigorous plant is covered with spikes - especially a lot of them at the base of the branches. Fruits are large, red, oval, tasty (with a small proportion of acid). Variety tolerates lower temperatures.
Middle and late ripening periods are inherent in the varieties:
Hedgehog variety description
The plant is low-growing, with spiny shoots (thorns have a yellowish color). The flowers are very beautiful - large and bright. Oval fruits are colored cream-orange. The plant is winter-hardy, fruitful.
Large rose hips
A sufficient number of large-fruited varieties are known. The biggest berries are rose hips - their diameter reaches 3 cm, and weight - 12 g. The following varieties have good indicators:
Variety description Large-fruited VNIVI
Rosehip variety Large-fruited
The plant is sprawling, large. Brownish shoots are covered with numerous spikes. Pink flowers are quite large in size. Red-orange berries are very large, round, sweet and sour. The plant tolerates low temperatures.
Rose Hip Grades for Northwest
In the north-west of the country good results show such varieties as:
• Ural champion
Variety description Ural champion
Rosehip grade Ural champion
The variety is very winter-hardy, fruitful, large-fruited (the weight of the berries reaches almost 5 g). The flowers are large, bright. The fruits have a rounded shape, they are painted in red. The taste of the berries is pleasant, sweet and sour. The plant is slightly sprawling.
Useful rosehip varieties
The berries of all varieties of wild rose have a high value in terms of the content of ascorbic acid and other valuable elements. Nevertheless, among them there are real leaders. This category includes varieties:
• Vorontsovskiy-1 (3900 mg)
• Vitamin (3806 mg)
• Bearing (3110 mg)
Description of a grade Vitamin
Rosehip grade Vitamin
This variety has good winter hardiness. The average height of the plant is 2.5 m. The bush is spreading. Fruits are oval, large, sweet-sour, numerous (up to 5 pieces in a brush). Single spikes.
Varieties of round rose hips
In addition to varieties with elongated berries, there are those that form a rounded fruit. Examples of this are:
• Ural champion
• Chelyabinsk Vitamin
• Anniversary of Michurinsk
Description of the Globus variety
Briar Variety Globus
This winter-hardy plant pleases with high yield. The fruits are large, fairly sweet, spherical. The plant is resistant to diseases.
Varieties of decorative rose hips
In the garden, rosehip varieties look very beautiful with climbing shoots and double flowers. Many decorative forms are derived. The greatest interest are varieties:
• Golden Wings
Description of the Nevada variety
Rosehip variety Nevada
This variety pleases the beauty of the flowers - they are large, semi-double, white with a slight pink blush (the color can vary depending on the type of soil and can be creamy, pure white or pinkish).
White dog rose: varieties
Rosehip Terry prickly is considered one of the most decorative species. The plant has double white flowers.
As for the varieties of wild rose, the most interesting for gardeners are the following:
• Alba Mediland
• Climbing Iceberg
Alba Mediland variety description
Rose Hip Alba Mediland
The shoots of this type of wild rose are spreading (the height of the bush does not exceed one and a half meters). The flowers are very beautiful, terry, with white petals. They have a small size and a pleasant aroma. The plant can bloom twice per season (when creating favorable conditions).
Rosehip wrinkled: varieties
In nature, this plant can be seen in the Far East. In culture, it is often grown as a hedge. The most popular varieties of foreign selection:
• Grootendorst (White, Pink, Symprem)
• Ferdinand Meyer
Description of the variety Queen of the North
Rosehip variety Tsaritsa Severa
Of interest is the variety Queen of the North. It is ideally adapted to the conditions of our country, winters without shelter. The flowers are double, red-pink, very beautiful.
Each of the varieties of wild rose has its advantages - some of them are grown in order to obtain useful fruits, while others are ideal for decorating the site.
When copying materials from the site keep the active link to the source.
There is hardly a person who has never seen a dog rose. This plant is widely used in landscape design, it is also popular with amateur gardeners. But abundant flowering shrubs can not only beautify the garden, but also produce a crop of extremely healthy fruits. There is nothing difficult in cultivating a dogrose; even a novice gardener can grow it.
Rosehip is a numerous genus of deciduous plants from the Pink family. Most of them are shrubs; lianas, grassy and tree plants are much less common. All have a common feature - shoots are densely dotted with sharp thorns of different lengths. They are even on the annual branches, but there they are more like bristles.
Rosehip is obliged to the name of the presence of a set of densely arranged spines dotting shoots
In the northern hemisphere, wild rose is found everywhere. He is equally happy with both temperate and subtropical climate. It grows almost like a weed, successfully adapting even to adverse environmental conditions in cities. Cinnamon dogrose is especially common in central Russia. Among the "relatives", it stands out for the highest content of vitamin C in fruits.
Rosehip in nature is widely distributed, it grows mainly where the soil is wet and fertile, forming whole clumps and almost impassable thickets
The leaves of the hips have a rich dark green color (found gray-gray, olive, or reddish), of complex shape (pinnate), not too large (5–8 cm in length). The wrong side is often pubescent. The edge is cut with small teeth.
The leaves of the dog-rose, depending on the variety, can be bluish or reddish.
The average height of an adult plant is 1.5–2.5 m. The shoots are quite thin, almost twigs. It is quite difficult to break them. The bark is reddish-brown, smooth, shiny, sometimes with a greenish or purple hue. The root system is powerful, developed. Rod roots go into the ground by 2.5–3 m, adventitians reach a length of 25–40 cm.
The plant forms a very abundant basal shoots, due to which it grows rapidly in breadth.
Rosehip is widely used in landscape design.
Rosehip blooms in June or early July and lasts 10–20 days. The flowers look very impressive and spread an amazing aroma. In wild rosehips, they are most often simple, five-petalled. The buds are single or assembled 2-4 pieces in inflorescences in the form of a shield or panicle. Breeders bred and terry varieties of wild rose. The color of the petals is very different - from snow-white to dark purple, almost black. In nature, various shades of pink are common, from delicate pastel to bright crimson. The average diameter of a flower is 4–5 cm. They open daily from 4:00 to 5:00 o'clock, and “fall asleep” from 19:00 to 20:00.
Blooming wild rose adorns the site and spreads an amazing scent
Rose hips ripen by the end of the summer or in the first half of September. If they are not collected on time, they will remain on the plant until the first frost. These are almost spherical, sometimes elongated or flattened berries of various shades of red and orange. Botanists, they are known as hypanthium, formed in the process of growth of receptacle. The average diameter is 10–15 mm. The first harvest can be expected in 3-4 years after planting the seedling in the ground. The term of the productive life of the bush - at least 25-30 years.
Rosehip is a non-self-pollinating plant. Bees and other insects spread its pollen. Therefore, if it is planted with the expectation of the next harvest, and not to decorate the site, it is desirable to have several varieties.
Rose hips look no less decorative than its flowers
Rosehip has a record high vitamin C content, which has a positive effect on immunity, general body resistance to diseases, reduces fatigue, increases efficiency (both mental and physical), and stimulates tissue regeneration and renewal of blood cells. Rosehip oil helps with wound healing and any skin diseases.
Contraindications to the use of hips - pathology of blood vessels (varicose veins, thrombophlebitis). После употребления отвара шиповника обязательно нужно прополоскать рот — иначе он может вызвать проблемы с зубами.
Плоды шиповника содержат большое количество витамина С
Популярные у садоводов сорта
Селекция шиповника идёт в двух направлениях. Both large-fruited, high-yielding varieties with a high content of vitamin C and microelements, and decorative hybrids with an unusual color of petals and double flowers are displayed.
Of the varieties that are planted for the harvest, the following are the most popular with Russian gardeners:
- Vitamin VNIVI. Spreading bush, upright shoots. The spikes on the fruiting shoots are practically absent. The berries are almost spherical, weighing an average of 3.5–4 g, form clusters that look like brushes of grapes or red currants. They are characterized by a high content of vitamin C (4000 mg per 100 g) and carotenoids. The flesh has a sweet and sour taste. The average yield is 2.5–3 kg per adult plant. The variety is frost resistant to -35 ° C, respectively, suitable for cultivation in the Urals, Siberia, and the Far East. Also, it is characterized by good immunity to diseases typical of culture. Be sure to have varieties of pollinators,
- Large fruit VNIVI. The bush is a powerful, spreading, different growth rate. The average height is about 2 m. On young shoots the bark is greenish, with age it changes color to grayish-brown. The leaves are dark green, the surface is slightly wrinkled. Flowering begins in June, lasts until the first frost. At the same time the fruits ripen. The flowers are large, petals pale pink. Fruits slightly flattened, glossy, reddish-orange peel. The average weight is about 8 g, the yield is 3-4.5 kg per bush. A significant drawback is the relatively low content of vitamin C in the pulp compared to other varieties. Frost resistance is -25ºС,
- Scarlet. Bush 1.5-2 m in height and about the same diameter. Growth rate is no different. The spikes are rather short and rare, concentrated at the base of the shoots. Fruits of an unusual pear-shaped form are located on long stalks. The skin is shiny, bright scarlet. The taste of the flesh is pleasant, sweet and sour. The harvest ripens in the last decade of August. The variety is valued for its high frost resistance and genetically integrated immunity to powdery mildew, but often suffers from black spot,
- Globe. The height of the bush is up to 1.5 m, the shoots are rather thick, arched. The bark is greenish brown. The spikes at the base of the branches are densely, at the tops of them almost nonexistent. The leaves are large, light green. The average weight of an almost spherical berry is 3–3.5 g, the stem is long, the skin is pale scarlet. Productivity is very high - 6-7 kg from a bush. It is not particularly frost resistant, therefore it is grown in a subtropical climate (south of Russia, Ukraine),
- Ray. Tall shrub, grows to 3–3.5 m. The shoots are thin, the bark is greenish. There are practically no spikes, they are concentrated only at the base of the branches. The flowers are pastel-pink, the fruits are bright scarlet. The berries have an interesting elongated shape, similar to a cone. The average weight is 4–4.5 g. The taste is not bad, with refreshing acidity. The variety is valued for its high yield, cold resistance, the presence of immunity to powdery mildew. Also, it is often avoided by typical culture pests,
- Oval. A variety of medium ripening, in Russia is widely grown on an industrial scale. Low bush (up to 1.5 m), compact. The shoots are thin, curved, matte bark. Spikes are located not too often, but along the entire length of the branch. Small flowers, white. Fruits reach a mass of 8–9 g. The skin is thick, the flesh is sweet, almost without sourness. The variety has a very high frost resistance and is extremely rarely affected by diseases, pests,
- Ruby. Leaves and fruits are quite large. Berries are collected in clusters of 3-5 pieces. The peel is orange, as it ripens becomes dark scarlet or purple, the shape varies from almost spherical to elongated, oval. The flesh is sweet and sour to taste. The fruits ripen in the first decade of August, the yield is low - 1-1.5 kg per adult bush. The variety can withstand temperatures down to -30ºС, with good care it rarely suffers from diseases and pests,
- Titanium. Powerful sprawling bush, reaching 2 m in height. Flowering occurs in mid-July. The leaves are almost invisible behind the pale pink petals. Berries are collected in brushes of 3-5 pieces, very long stored in dry form. Frost - up to -20 º C,
- Anniversary. The bush is powerful, but low (up to 1.5 m). The flowers are large, bright pink, flowering is very abundant. Fruits are shaped like bulbs. The average weight of a berry is 4–5 g. Peel is shiny, red-orange. The flesh is sweet and sour. The fruits are great for drying, jam is also made from them,
- Apple. The height of the bush does not exceed 1–1.2 m, but this does not affect the yield. It is comparable with the similar indicator in tall varieties (4–5 kg). Flowers are large, petals are dark scarlet. The fruits are painted in a bright bright red color, are collected in brushes of 5-7 pieces. In shape, they are slightly flattened. The pulp has a pronounced sweet-sour taste. The average weight of a berry is 10–12 g,
- Vorontsovskiy-1. Interspecific hybrid, "parents" are Webb's rose and wrinkled wild rose. Height - up to 2 m. Productivity is not bad, about 3 kg of berries from a bush. Fruits ripen at the end of August, have a high content of not only vitamin C, but also E (folic acid). The peel is glossy, orange-red. The shape is almost spherical. Low frost resistance - up to -15ºС. This is a good pollinator for other varieties of wild rose,
- Russian-1. The bush is very decorative, elegant, the leaves are pale green. The content of vitamin C is about 3200 mg per 100 g. The fruits are one-dimensional, almost spherical. Productivity - 1.5–2 kg per bush. Bred specifically for growing in the Urals. It has genetically integrated immunity against rust,
- Sergievsky. A variety of medium ripening. The bush is compact, 1.5–1.8 m high. It has good frost resistance, is resistant to diseases and pests. Recommended for cultivation in the Volga region. The fruits are bright red, egg-shaped, weighing 3-4 g. The flesh is sour-sweet. The content of vitamin C is about 2500 mg per 100 g.
Photo Gallery: Common Rose Hip Grades
Decorative rosehip varieties are widely used in landscape design both in single plantings and for the formation of hedges. Most of them are bred abroad, so they are not particularly frost resistant. Most often these are interspecific hybrids obtained by crossing a musk and wrinkled brier. The most common ones are:
- Jundzilii. The plant is compact, almost spherical. Height and diameter - 0.5–0.8 m. The crown is very dense. Widely used for the formation of hedges. Carmine red flowers,
- Nana. Hybrid height of not more than 0.5 m. The flowering is very abundant and long-lasting. Petals pale pink color. Flowers semi-double,
- Montblanc. The leaves are small, as if openwork. The flowers are large, with white petals,
- Robin Hood. The flowers are quite modest, pastel-pink. Flowering lasts up to 3 months. At the same time with them ripen large scarlet spherical fruits with shiny skin,
- PiRo-3. The height of the shrub is up to 1.5 m. The flowers are very large, with crimson-pink petals. Collared saffron-yellow stamens stand out against their background,
- Ballerina. The unpretentious hybrid, well transfers a penumbra. Petals are pale pink, covered with brighter specks and strokes,
- Resonanz. The height of the bush is about 1 m. The flowers are very large, terry, blood-scarlet,
- Moje Hammarberg. Due to several waves of flowering low shrub during almost the entire vegetative season is covered with flowers. Petals have bright pink, the aroma is very rich,
- Red Rugostar. Bush height 0.7–0.8 m. Flowers semi-double, dark scarlet. Bright lemon-colored stamens
- Thisbe. Characterized by the presence of several waves of flowering. The flowers are semi-double, the petals are very rare for the hips of the peach or salmon color,
- Northern Lights. Shrub up to 0.7 m. The flowers are semi-double, in shape resemble saucer. Pale pearl petals cast salmon, pinkish, pale yellow.
Rosehip is characterized by unpretentiousness, but a necessary condition for obtaining the highest possible yields is a sufficient amount of heat and sunlight. The sun is also needed for ornamental varieties, otherwise the flowers become shallow, the color of the petals fades, the flowering becomes not so abundant. Therefore, it is best to place the bush in the open, ideally on a small hill.
Briar Soil prefers nutritious, but at the same time quite light. Although the plant survives and bears fruit on any soil, except saline, marshy and alkaline, but the loamy or sandy substrate is the best option for it. The areas where groundwaters approach the surface closer than 1.5 m are categorically unsuitable. For the same reason, lowlands are not recommended - melted water and moist moist air remain there for a long time.
Rosehip productivity depends on the availability of pollinating varieties. If several plants are planted simultaneously, the distance between them is at least 0.8 m (preferably 1 m). For the formation of a hedge, the interval is reduced by 1.5 times. The distance between the rows of landings is about 2 m.
Most often in regions with a temperate climate, wild roses are planted in the spring. In the south of Russia or in Ukraine, the procedure can be postponed to the beginning or even to the middle of autumn. Even in this case, there is enough time in the subtropics until the first frost. In 2.5–3 months, the sapling will have time to adapt to new habitat conditions.
The root system of the rosehip seedling must be developed, healthy
The recommended depth of the landing pit is about 30 cm, the diameter is 15–20 cm larger. They always prepare it in advance, for spring planting - from autumn, otherwise at least a few weeks before the planned procedure. The top layer of fertile soil is mixed with 2–3 kg of humus; simple superphosphate and potassium sulfate are also added (20–30 g each).
The natural alternative is about 0.5 liters of sifted wood ash.
Stepwise landing process
- Before planting, the roots of the seedling are soaked in water, pruned to a length of 20 cm, coated with a mixture of powder clay and manure.
- When it dries, the plant is placed in a planting pit and covered with soil. Be sure to ensure that the root neck was 3-4 cm above the level of the soil.
- Shrub is abundantly watered (25–30 l).
- Pristvolny circle mulch, creating a layer about 3 cm thick.
- Shoots pruned to a length of 10-15 cm, the leaves are torn off.
To prevent the active formation of sprouts, slate sheets are placed along the walls of the planting pit.
When planting a dogrose, the root neck cannot be buried
To transplant an adult wild rose bush, choose a cool overcast day. The roots can not be left in the sun, even for a short time. They quickly dry up, reducing the chances that the dog rose will successfully take root in a new place. The plant is removed from the soil along with an earthy ball. The procedure is carried out either in early spring, before the growth buds “wake up”, or in the fall, after harvest and leaf fall. Flowering bushes do not disturb.
The plant is not very demanding and capricious. Care is reduced to keeping the tree close clean and loosening the soil in it, watering, feeding and regular pruning.
Rosehip is a moisture-loving plant, and it does not tolerate stagnant water at the roots. Therefore, the plant is watered infrequently, but abundantly. In strong heat, when there is no precipitation, 30–40 l of water is consumed every 10–12 days before the first crop is obtained, and 60–70 l per fruiting bush. In the first year of life, young seedlings are watered more often, once every 5–7 days.
After each watering, the soil in the wheel circle is loosened to a depth of 3–5 cm. To retain moisture, it is mulched. Also, mulch helps save time for weeding, holding back the growth of weeds.
If the planting pit was prepared correctly, the dog rose starts to feed from the second season in the open field. Fertilizers are applied three times.
- The first dressing is carried out for 1.5-2 weeks before flowering. The plant is watered with a solution of urea or any other nitrogen-containing fertilizer. Once in 2-3 years in the near-spring circle in the spring in addition distribute about 20 liters of humus or rotted manure.
- The second time fertilizers are applied immediately after flowering. Any complex means for fruit and berry bushes (Agricola, Zdravina, Effecton) will do. In 10 l of water, 20–30 ml of fertilizer is diluted; the norm for an adult plant is 12–15 l of solution.
- The last time the bushes rosehip feeds 2-3 weeks after the end of fruiting. For proper preparation for winter, plants need potassium and phosphorus. The solution is prepared by diluting 20–25 g of simple superphosphate and half as much potassium nitrate in 10 liters of water. Alternative - complex phosphorus-potassium fertilizers (AVA, Autumn) or infusion of wood ash.
If the state of the plant does not suit you, during the vegetative season after flowering, it can be sprayed every 2-3 weeks with a solution of any biostimulator (potassium humate, Appin, Heteroauxin, Zircon). This has a positive effect on the yield and quality of the fruit.
For feeding dogrose any universal complex fertilizer for berry bushes is quite suitable.
The dog rose is characterized by a high growth rate and active formation of basal shoots. Therefore, pruning for him - a mandatory procedure. It is significantly hampered by the presence of thorns. To avoid injury, use pruners with long handles.
The first time the plant is pruned immediately after planting, leaving no more than 3 growth buds on each shoot. After another 2-3 years, the bush is thinned, leaving 3-5 of the strongest and most developed shoots. They are shortened to a length of 15–20 cm. A properly formed plant should consist of 15–22 branches of different ages, but not older than 7 years.
Do not forget about sanitary pruning. In the spring you need to get rid of all broken, dried, frozen, damaged by diseases and pests of branches. Also, to the point of growth cut weak, deformed, thickening crown, located too low shoots.
Autumn sanitary pruning is desirable to reduce to the required minimum. Even properly processed cuts do not tolerate the winter cold too well.
The tops of the hips in a hedge regularly pinch. In this way, the height is regulated and more intensive branching is stimulated.
Preparing for the winter
Most wild rose varieties bred by breeding are distinguished by good or even very good frost resistance, therefore they do not need a special shelter for the winter. Even if the bush suffers from cold weather, it quickly recovers due to the root growth. Growth buds are most often frozen on annual shoots.
Ornamental rosehip varieties suffer from colds unlike more often. For them, even -15ºС - critically low temperature. Therefore, special training is recommended. Pristvolny circle cleaned of plant debris, create a layer of mulch with a thickness of about 15 cm. It is best to use peat, humus, fallen leaves. As soon as enough snow falls, it is scooped to the roots. If the height of the bush allows, it can be completely covered with snow.
Harvesting and storage
Rosehip crop matures in several "waves". Collect it from August to the end of September or even to the beginning of October. It is important to catch before the first frost. Fruits affected by cold significantly lose in use. In preparing for the harvest, you should not forget about the means of individual protection - thick clothes, gloves. You can shoot those fruits from which the sepals depart.
Rose hips need to be collected before the cold
For long-term storage, dog rose is most often dried in the oven or in a natural way. Then the berries are poured into any suitable containers that must be kept tightly closed. Otherwise, mold and rot develop quickly. To add flavor and aroma, pour fruits with pieces of ginger, grated citrus peel. After drying, you need to wait at least a week, only then the dog rose can be used to make decoctions and infusions.
In the process of drying, the benefits of rose hips are not lost, and the shelf life increases markedly
Dogrose cuttings root not too well. This is especially true of decorative hybrids bred with the participation of wrinkled wild rose. The probability of success is no more than 15–20%.
Rosehip stalk - the upper or middle part of an annual green shoot length of 15–20 cm, cut at a 45º angle. Harvest them in the middle of summer. Each must have at least three growth buds.
Dogrose cuttings can be harvested throughout the summer, but the best time for this is July.
- Before planting, the lower leaves break off, the base of the cutting for 12–16 hours is immersed in a solution of any biostimulator.
- Rooted cuttings in a mixture of peat with baking powder (sand, perlite, vermiculite), creating a greenhouse using a plastic bag, put on a container, a glass cap, a cut plastic bottle. In the ground they are planted obliquely.
- Next, you need to ensure a constant temperature of about 25 º C, daylight duration of at least 12 hours, the bottom heating.
- The substrate is constantly maintained in a slightly damp state; the greenhouse is ventilated daily, getting rid of condensate.
- When new leaves begin to appear on the rooted cuttings, they can be transplanted into open ground. On average, the process stretches for 4-6 weeks.
- Предварительно в течение 2–3 недель саженцы закаливают, постепенно продлевая время пребывания на открытом воздухе.
- Шиповник извлекают из ёмкости вместе с комом земли. Если осенняя посадка в регионе не рекомендуется, можно подождать и до весны.
Использование прикорневой поросли
Radical shoots most wild rose varieties form in abundance. This way to get new plants is provided by nature itself. At the same time, seedlings immediately separated from the parent plant are not recommended to be transferred to a permanent place. Their root system is weak, not too developed.
Radical shoots most varieties and wild rose hybrids form in abundance, so there is usually no shortage of planting material.
The “scions” with a height of 25–30 cm are separated from the mother plant with a shovel. In order for the transplantation procedure to succeed, about half of the leaves are cut off, the shoots are shortened, leaving 2-3 growth buds. Roots powder powder Kornevin.
An alternative option is to roll up the selected “seedling” highly in the spring and water it abundantly during the summer, pouring it under the roots of humus or rotted compost about once a month. Hilling stimulates the development of a system of adventitious roots. In the fall, it is carefully separated from the parent plant, and transferred to a permanent place next spring.
Rosehip seeds are extracted from the unripe fruits of brown color, while they are still quite soft shell. Otherwise, their germination is possible only under the condition of a minimum of semi-annual stratification, and seedlings will have to wait 2-3 years.
Rosehip seeds are extracted from unripe fruits - in this case they have a softer shell
Rosehip seeds are sown in winter in the grooves about 2 cm deep, leaving 5–6 cm between them. From above they are filled with humus and sawdust. In the spring, before the emergence of shoots, this section of the bed is tightened with plastic film. It is removed only when the daytime temperature is set at around 20ºС.
Seedlings in the phase of the appearance of the third leaf dive, leaving only the most powerful and developed plants. Further care for them is no different from what is required for adult wild rose bushes. Next spring, seedlings can be transplanted to a permanent place.
If spring planting is planned, during the winter the seeds are kept in containers filled with a moderately wet mixture of peat chips and sand in a dark place at a temperature of 2-3 ° C. Before they must be thoroughly cleaned from the pulp, so as not to provoke the development of mold or rot.
Closer to spring, the seed coat cracks. They are planted in a mixture of peat and sand, providing the same conditions as rooting cuttings. Plants are ready to be planted in the ground in 1.5-2 years.
Diseases, pests and control
Thorny wild rose shoots protect the shrub well against many pests that can attack garden plants. Also, the culture has good immunity against disease-causing fungi. However, the plant does not have absolute protection.
Most often, dog rose suffers from the following diseases:
- leaf rust. On the inside of the sheet appear areas of "fleecy" yellow-orange bloom. Gradually they turn brown and thicken, the affected tissues die off. For prevention, swollen leaf buds are sprayed with a 2% solution of copper sulfate or Bordeaux mixture. During the season, soda ash treatment is carried out (15–20 g per 5 l of water). Having found alarming symptoms, fungicides are applied twice with an interval of 12–15 days (Topaz, Vectra, Strobe),
- black spot. The disease spreads from the bottom up. Small, gradually expanding, rounded black and gray spots with a yellow border appear on the leaves and shoots. The affected parts of the plant dry and die. For prophylaxis about once a month, the soil is sprayed with Fitosporin-M in a wheel circle, and in the autumn after harvest, it is sprayed with a 2% solution of iron sulphate. A folk remedy - a solution of iodine (2 ml per 1 liter of water). To combat use of drugs Topaz, HOM, Abiga-Peak, spend 2-3 treatments with an interval of 7-10 days,
- powdery mildew. Leaves and shoots are covered with a layer of whitish or grayish plaque, similar to the scattered flour. Gradually, it thickens and darkens, acquiring a brown tint. For prophylaxis, dogrose is sprayed every 10–15 days with an infusion of wood ash, garlic, mustard powder, a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate diluted with water of kefir. Struggling with the disease, using drugs Topsin-M, Vitaros, Bayleton (according to instructions),
- peronosporiosis. On the leaves between the veins appear spots of lime color with a shiny, as if the oil surface. Fabrics in these places gradually dry and crumble, holes appear. For prophylaxis, the soil in the wheel circle and briar bushes once every 2-3 weeks are powdered with crushed chalk, colloidal sulfur, and wood ash. Planriz, Gamair, Alirin-B are used to fight the disease, performing treatments no more than once every 2 weeks,
- chlorosis. The leaves are covered with yellow or almost white blurred spots, bounded by veins. The cause is most often iron deficiency. To eliminate it, 5 g of ascorbic acid and 2–3 g of ferrous sulfate are dissolved in 1 l of cold water. The shelf life of the solution - 12-15 days. It is also possible to use Ferrovit and Ferrilen preparations for spraying.
A folk remedy for the prevention of chlorosis is to bury several rusty nails under a bush.
Photo gallery: symptoms dangerous for rose hips
Most of the typical culture pests are characteristic of roses, which are much more often exposed to their attacks. Therefore, in order to avoid infection, it is desirable to place these crops as far away from each other as possible on the garden plot.
Pest threatening wild rose:
- spider mite Young leaves, the tops of the shoots, buds, are woven over with thin translucent threads resembling cobwebs, covered with small beige dots. The affected parts of the plant are deformed, dry. For the prevention of wild rose, once every 5-7 days, spray the extract with onion or garlic gruel, a decoction of cyclamen tubers. Finding a pest, apply acaricides (Omite, Apollo, Neoron, Vertimek) with an interval of 5-12 days. Drugs need to be changed so that the tick does not have time to develop immunity,
- rose hips Adults lay eggs in the fruit ovary, hatched larvae eat away the fruit from the inside, leaving only the skin. For the prevention of wild rose just before flowering sprayed Aktellik. For the fight used Chlorofos and Kinmiks,
- Rosan sawfly. The larvae feed on the leaf tissues, leaving only the veins, eating out longitudinal passages in the shoots. As a result, they turn black and wither. For the prevention of leaf, flower buds and fruit ovaries sprayed with an extract of wormwood or horsetail. Having found a pest, they use Inta-Vir, Actellic, Phosbecid, Aktar,
- rosian leaflet Adult butterflies lay eggs in the leaves that roll up along the central vein. The larvae eat from the inside the buds and fruit ovaries, then move to the leaves, leaving only the veins. For prophylaxis, unblown buds are sprayed with Nitrafen, after flowering Karbofos is used. Fight caterpillars with Lepidocide, Dendrobacillin, Endobacterin,
- Green Rose Aphid. Small lime-colored insects cling to the wrong side of leaves, shoot tips, flowers and buds, fruit ovaries. Every 5–8 days, you must spray the dogrose with any strongly smelling infusion. As raw materials, you can use garlic or onion arrows, peel of oranges, hot peppers, wormwood, tomato tops, tobacco chips. With the help of the same means they fight pest, increasing the number of treatments up to 3-4 times a day. In the absence of effect, any general insecticide is used (Konfidor, Mospilan, Iskra-Bio, Commodore).
Growing wild rose on the plot does not pose much difficulty. This plant is less capricious than its “relative” rose, deservedly called the queen of flowers. Rosehip, of course, loses her in ornamental, but it has one undoubted advantage - the ability to bear fruit abundantly and stably. The benefits of its fruits have long been known and proven scientifically. Recently, the culture has become the object of close attention of breeders who derive all new varieties, with an emphasis on visual attractiveness and the size of the berries.
"Large-fruited VNIVI"Rosehip "Large-fruited VNIVI" gives a harvest from August to October. The variety lives up to its name, has massive flat-round berries of 11-13 g. The skin of the fruit is orange-red and glossy. They contain more than 1000 mg /% ascorbic acid, 950 mg /% bioflavonoids, 4.7 mg /% carotene and 2.8 mg /% tocopherols.
The bush is very large, rather sprawling, it grows quickly, reaching 2 m. The young shoots are painted green, and the perennial branches are reddish-gray. The weighty lack of “Large-fruited” berries is an abundance of thorns, all shoots are densely covered with medium and small needles.
The plant perfectly tolerates the cold season. His yield reaches 4 kg of berries collected from 1 bush.
The variety is included in GRSD approved for use.The dog "Victory" is characterized by a weakly-spreading medium-growth shrub with light brown shoots of medium length. Light colored spikes are rarely scattered along the entire shoot.
The leaf has 5-9 smooth plates with small sharp teeth. During flowering shrub covered with pink flowers of medium size. Oval orange fruits are quite large - from 2 to 3.4 g. Fat-curly berries, sweet-sour with a light aroma. Ascorbic acid content in fruits is 3100 mg /%.
Berries ripen quite early - in early August. It is used for virtually all types of processing. Average yield reaches 26 centner on 1 hectares of bushes.
"Victory" is perfectly experiencing frost, not subject to disease and pests.
The variety is included in the GRS approved for use in 1999.
"Russian-1""Russian-1" is a seedling from the free pollination of cinnamon dogrose. Very large fast-growing shrub, reaches a height of 2.5 m.
Young shoots varieties of green, and mature branches - gray-brown. The spikes on the shoots are located in the basal part at an obtuse angle. The leaf plate is green and smooth from above, and ash-gray and fleecy from below.
Flowers plants are very fragrant, have a pink color. Fruits are spherical and pear-shaped, weighing just over 1 g. Ascorbic acid content in berries is 3200 mg /%, citrine - 4600 mg /%. Fruits ripen towards the end of August.
The harvest from one bush is equal 2.3 kg of berries, and from 40 hectares per hectare of bushes.
This type of dog rose is highly resistant to frost and rust.
The variety has been on the registry since 1986.
"Ruby" - strong-growing shrub with straight thick shoots of brown-red color. Light colored spikes scattered throughout the length of the shoots, especially at the base.
The leaves of the shrub are large enough, green, with a straight matte and soft plate. The fruits are quite large, about 3.5 g, dark red, have a sweet and slightly sour taste. The berries are arranged in groups, have a round or slightly elongated shape, contain 3253 mg /% ascorbic acid. From one bush is usually collected 1 kg dogrose.
"Ruby" frost-resistant, not susceptible to diseases, early ripe.
Included in the registry in 1999.Rosehip "Titan" - srednerosly, and sometimes strong-growing weakly sprawling bush with medium straight brown-brown shoots. Light gray thorns are located along the entire length of the shoot. Large, soft green leaves are framed with sharp, short teeth. The leaf includes 5-7 bare, frosted leaf blades.
The fruits of the "wild rose" are wax, oval, sweet-sour, orange or cherry. Berries can weigh 3.5 g and contain up to 2030 mg /% ascorbic acid. Fruits are located on the plant in clusters of 3-5 pieces.
"Titan" ripens by mid-August. He endures frost and disease. From one plant is collected 1.8 kg of crop or 31 centners from 1 ha of bushes.
The variety is in the State Register of the Russian Federation since 1999.
"Ural champion"Rosehip "Ural Champion" is ideal for growing in the suburbs. This is a late ripe high-yielding variety of Chelyabinsk breeding.
The bush has medium size, has thick straight shoots and medium green leaves. Single spikes are located on the radical part of the shoot.
Light red fruits of medium size, weighing up to 3 g, have an oval shape and have a sour-sweet taste. The berries contain 2650 mg /% ascorbic acid, 22% sugar and 2.7% acid.
The yield of the "Ural Champion" - 1.7 kg per plant or 22 centners with 1 ha of bushes. The variety is rust resistant, but prone to black spot and sawflies. It tolerates cold.
People say: “When the wild rose blooms, it looks like a beautiful bride!” And this is true. Its delicate flowers can decorate every household plot. The fruits of the "wild rose" are very tasty and healthy. And its beautiful and leafy bushes serve as decorative fences. In any garden and in every yard of the Moscow region, the wild rose will take its rightful place.