General information

Description of cold and disease-resistant Chinese cucumber f1

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send


The new variety of cucumber varieties is the Chinese Disease-Resistant F1. Cucumbers have an interesting taste, reminiscent of watermelon or melon. Sweet notes in the juice give a unique cucumber. Variety belongs to the salad species, but the vegetables can be salted or pickled in slices.

The name speaks for itself: cucumbers really have a stable immunity to all vegetable diseases and pests. They are not afraid of phytophthora, rot.

Cucumbers contain many useful vitamins, salts and minerals, their use has a good effect on the work of the heart, liver and kidneys. Vegetables are good for health, and they also taste good.

Characteristics and description of the variety

A distinctive feature of cucumbers - their length. It is from 30 to 80 centimeters, and sometimes it can reach one meter. But usually cucumbers are torn down to 50 centimeters in length, as overgrown vegetables gradually lose their flavor.

Dark green skin has small smooth spikes. Juicy flesh crunches and produces a pleasant summer scent. Another advantage of this variety is precocity. The harvest usually appears a month after the emergence of shoots; several kilograms of fruit are grown from one plant.

Because of the correct elongated shape, cucumbers of this variety can often be found on sale in markets and fairs. They are always well and quickly dismantled.

Grow a variety in greenhouses, greenhouses. For the southern regions, outdoor cultivation is successfully used. Cucumbers are not afraid of a small temperature difference and react normally to it.

Cultivation and care tips

For the cultivation of cucumbers used seedling method. In the south, you can plant vegetables directly in the open ground with seeds, in warm favorable conditions, cucumbers grow well and spice. For the central part of the country, such a method is very risky: because of the late unstable summer, the cucumbers may not have enough sun or heat, which will cause late ripening. Growing vegetables seedlings always gives a harvest 2 weeks earlier than planting on the street.

Seeds are taken out of the bag and put in the sun so that they lie a little under the rays. Seeds will warm up and be ready for planting. Then a bag is formed from the fabric, the seeds are poured inside and put into a pan with water. In a water add a teaspoon of nitrophoska and wood ash. Keep a bag of seeds a day in the resulting solution, then remove them and again dried in the sun.

The soil mixture for planting should consist of humus, peat and sawdust. Pour the soil into the box, put the seeds on top and press them a little into the soil. The earth is moistened, the box is closed with a film. Water the seedlings once a week with filtered warm water.

Cucumbers are planted in the greenhouse at the beginning of May, and they are planted in the open ground 2-3 weeks later. For outdoor cultivation, beds are created that contain humus, peat and sod land in equal proportions. This combination is best for vegetables and will bring maximum yield. The bed is formed by a height of 50-70 centimeters. It is shed with hot water with a teaspoon of copper sulfate. A week later, you can repot cucumbers.

In the greenhouse or on the ridge make holes with a diameter of about 30-40 centimeters. In the center of the hole planted cucumber bush, dropping into the ground only the roots of the plant. The wells are watered with warm water. Once a week or as they grow, cucumbers are weeded, and the ground is loosened. Watering is especially required for vegetables during flowering and fruiting. The frequency of watering is at this time from 2 to 4 times a week. Water cucumbers in the morning or evening when the sun begins to fall.

Top dressing is carried out up to 4 times per season. Sometimes gardeners abuse fertilizers and feed them 3 times a month. This is not necessary, the plant will feel bad and will begin to wither. A high content of nitrates or phosphates in the soil can generally lead to the sudden death of a young plant.

The first time cucumbers are fed with a mixture of superphosphate, urea and potassium sulfate. All the ingredients are taken in a teaspoon and dissolved in 10 liters of water. To the mixture add a glass of mullein. Water the resulting solution of the plant under the root.

When the fruits of cucumbers appear, spend the second feeding. It must be included potassium, calcium and mullein. Mullear can be replaced with sodium humate or chicken manure. The next two dressings are carried out during the fruiting of cucumbers, in mid-July and early August.

When the cucumber shoots grow, they are tied up. The garter will not let the trunk get confused, and cucumbers will have a beautiful regular shape. As the trunk lengthens, it must be tied up regularly.

In the middle of summer, the first cucumbers begin to appear. By the beginning of August, the cucumber season is in full swing. Since the described variety is different in length, vegetables should be harvested when they reach a size of 30-40 centimeters. Such fruits contain little seeds, the flesh is firm and crisp, and the skin is strong.

Cucumbers are harvested from the greenhouse and beds daily. We can not allow the ripe fruit for a long time lying on the garden or on the ground. Over time, it begins to turn yellow and can completely deteriorate. Large cucumbers are set aside for planting next year. They take out the seeds and harvested for the summer.

Grade Reviews

Larisa says: “I like that these cucumbers grow large and do not crack, do not frown. They can be stored in the refrigerator for a long time. The seeds sprout well, there were no problems in cultivation. ”

Inga from Omsk writes: “I planted seedlings on open ground, cucumbers turned out to be big. Length of 40 centimeters. The taste is juicy, really summer. I use vegetables for salads. ”

Description and characteristics of Chinese cucumber

Chinese cucumbers are similar in appearance to common varieties, but differ in an elongated shape (50-75 cm) and high yield (over 30 kg from a bush).

Exotic taste is more delicate with a sweetish tinge, the flesh, though juicy, is rather dense. Seeds inside cucumbers collected in a narrow chamber located in the middle.

According to the description, the plant is unpretentious in the care, and most importantly - disease and pest resistant.

Scourge develops quickly, reaches a length of 3 meters. For this reason, it is recommended to grow vegetables on the trellis. Without garters, fruit quality and yield are reduced.

Chinese varieties are ideal for cultivation in the open field, and in greenhouses.

Unusual fruit sizes, taste, and biological processes Chinese cucumbers are being built in a separate type of culture.

The peculiarity of the fruit is the rapid loss of nutrients, so it is recommended to use the harvest in the shortest possible time.

They differ from the usual elongated shape (50-75 cm) and high yield (over 30 kg from a bush)

Popular types and varieties: Disease-resistant, Cold-resistant, Snakes, Miracle, etc.

Exotic vegetable originally grown in Chinabut over time, thanks to high qualities and immunity, it began to be used in other countries, among which were the Russian regions.

There were a lot of varieties of Chinese cucumbers., but in our latitudes the following are considered the most popular:

  • Chinese snakes
  • Disease resistant chinese,
  • Chinese white,
  • F1 Chinese Farmer,
  • Chinese miracle
  • Chinese Emperor.

Cucumbers Chinese cold-resistant F1:

Description and characteristics of the variety

Chinese disease-resistant cucumber belongs to the pumpkin family. However, in taste, and in appearance, its fruits look like the most ordinary cucumbers. By the way, the care of this variety is not much different from the care of ordinary cucumbers. If you take care of the Chinese, like a pumpkin, you can hardly get a bountiful harvest. The taste of Chinese cucumber is different from ordinary relatives - to your taste, you can feel the light notes of watermelon or melon.

  • A cucumber can have different lengths - from 30 to 80 cm. If you add its growth, then green stuff can grow up to one meter.

  • With proper and high-quality care, you can get up to 30 kg of crop from one bush.

  • The time from the appearance of the shoots to the harvest is usually about a month, and sometimes this time is reduced to three weeks.

The advantage of the cucumber variety "Chinese disease-resistant F1" is:

  1. That in their taste there is no bitter note.
  2. And the peel, however strange it may be, is the sweetest part.
  3. In the cavity of the fetus there are almost no voids.
  4. The flesh is similar in texture to soft wax, which makes it more unusual in taste.

Disease-resistant Chinese cucumber blooms has a female, which guarantees a good harvest. Asian varieties are excellent fruits, usually in greenhouse conditions. But, as practice shows, even in the open air you can get a good harvest. But this method can work only in the southern regions of the country, where the air temperature remains at a level not lower than 21 degrees.

Prestige cucumbers from the manufacturer Agrofirma Sedek LLC are included in the State Register for the Central Black Earth and West Siberian regions. In this article you can find out where it is better to plant the seeds of this variety and what Prestige cucumber looks like.

If we take into account the average number of crops, 3-5 cucumber bushes will suffice for a family of 3-4 people. Well, if there are more bushes, then there will be enough fruit for winter harvesting.

Advantages and disadvantages

Chinese disease-resistant cucumber has many advantages (as evidenced by dozens of reviews):

  • Stable and high yields - fruiting lasts a long time, tasty fruits can be obtained until frost.
  • High disease resistance is what the name of this variety says.
  • Uncomplicated care.
  • No need for pollination by bees - due to the female type of flowering.
  • Easy portability of a small amount of sunlight.
  • Excellent taste and presentable presentation.

Like all plants, there are drawbacks to this sort of cucumber:

  • Short storage time. Just the day after the harvest, the cucumbers become wrinkled and soft. Therefore, you need to consume the fruit during the day from the date of collection.
  • This type is not suitable for canning, so that cucumbers can be consumed only in the form of salads.
  • Low seed germination. Approximately half of the seeds do not germinate - this should be taken into account when planting.
  • The need to equip trellis and tying, because the plants are high and can not bear fruit when grown horizontally.

Features of growing

The technique of growing Chinese cucumbers, as a rule, differs little from the agricultural methods applied to traditional varieties. When planting, it should be borne in mind that the stem of Chinese greenery reaches 3 meters and almost never has side shoots. Therefore, when planting, you can leave the distance between the bushes about 35-40 cm, so that the plants are closer to each other. Growth can be made both in saplings, and at direct landing in the soil (if the climate allows).

Chinese disease-resistant cucumber must be tied up, otherwise the harvest will not be so abundant.

Variety description

The cucumber variety “Chinese disease-resistant F1” is a member of the Pumpkin family. Formed by powerful, long, single stems. The leaves are small, the internodes are short, the flowering is female, does not require pollination by insects. Fruits are long, 30 cm and more, a cylindrical form, dark green color. The yield of one bush "Chinese disease-resistant" - about 30 kg of cucumbers.

The advantages of the variety:

  • disease resistance
  • high yield
  • self-pollination
  • excellent taste and presentation of fruits,
  • easy maintenance and good tolerance of lack of lighting,
  • possibility of growing in greenhouses and in open ground.

The disadvantages of the variety include:

  • poor seed germination,
  • mandatory garter,
  • short shelf life
  • unsuitability for canning.

Fruit characteristics and yield

This type refers to the medium early, the first harvest appears after six weeks after germination. The yield is very good, it lasts all summer until frost. Cucumbers are long, 30-35 cm, if not harvested in time, they can grow up to 1 m. The surface of cucumbers is covered with a dark green, shiny, pimply skin. At the base of the fruit is smooth. The flesh has the consistency of soft wax, without voids, with small seeds.

The taste of the fruit is fresh and delicate, has a slight hint of melon, never bitter, and the skin is very tasty and sweet. Cucumber weighs about 0.5 kg, perfect for salads. Can be stored in the refrigerator for up to 7 days.

Soil and fertilizer

The future harvest of Chinese cucumbers depends on the composition of the soil. When preparing the soil, it is necessary to apply fresh fertilizer, manure or humus and moisten it well. Soil acidity should be neutral. Cucumbers love a light, fertile soil with a high content of organic matter, nitrogen, potassium and calcium.

It is impossible to plant cucumbers on the same place more often than once in 4 years. Squares are suitable for this crop after growing potatoes, corn, peas, and many herbs.

Growing conditions

Chinese cucumbers are heat-loving plants, love light, grow well with high humidity (75% and above) and air temperature above +15 ° C. It is necessary to maintain soil moisture of about 80% to accelerate the vegetative processes and increase productivity. Culture does not tolerate drafts and sudden changes in temperature. When grown in a greenhouse, temperatures above +30 ° C cannot be tolerated. It is necessary to ventilate the greenhouse in time to reduce the temperature.

Cucumbers are plants of short daylight hours. Ten or twelve hours of daylight hours is enough for normal development and productivity. In the greenhouses, if necessary, use artificial light sources. Especially important for optimal growth is regular watering and timely feeding of plants. Leaves should not be allowed to wilt, cucumbers should be watered daily during hot periods.

Seed preparation

Proper seed preparation helps increase germination rates and speed up germination. The process is as follows:

  1. Seeds are poured with cold water, after half an hour, some of the seeds sink to the bottom, and some remain to float on the surface. The seeds remaining on the surface are bad, they do not germinate, they can be drained together with water.
  2. To destroy various diseases, seeds can be treated with a solution of potassium permanganate saturated purple. Seeds are immersed in the solution for half an hour. Various growth stimulants, such as Epin, also help to increase seed germination.
  3. After all treatment, seeds can be germinated. A container with a damp cloth is suitable for this. Seeds are spread on a cloth and covered with the same wet cloth on top, placed in a warm place and make sure that the cloth does not dry out. After a few days, the seeds begin to germinate, they need to be placed in the ground.
Often they sell seeds already processed, usually they are green. Such seeds can be germinated immediately.

Content and location

Cucumbers are conveniently grown in cups for growing seedlings. For the correct formation of the root system, the volume of the cup must be at least 300 ml. You can also use the bath, the distance between the seeds should be from 5 to 10 cm. Cups or baths placed in a warm, sunny place, you can on the balcony.

Seed planting process

  1. Capacity filled with soil. You can buy ready-made soil for indoor plants or prepare yourself from equal parts of peat, humus, sod land and wooden sawdust previously scalded with hot water.
  2. In the tank it is necessary to make a drainage hole. Seed planted to a depth of 2 cm, watered and covered with film. After a week and a half shoots appear, the film is removed.
Seedlings can be grown in a greenhouse.

Seedling care

It is necessary to water the seedlings regularly every 3 days and monitor the air temperature, the optimum temperature is +22 ° С. We can not allow the stagnation of moisture, light day should last 10-12 hours. A week before planting in open ground, the seedlings are gradually quenched. They place for some time fresh air, open a window on the balcony, the main thing is that there should not be drafts. Healthy seedlings should be dark green with short internodes.

Transplanting seedlings to ground

Seedlings can be transplanted into the ground with developed 2-4 leaflets, approximately 25 days after the emergence of shoots. The soil should be well heated, in the greenhouse it is covered with a film for several days. The procedure is as follows:

  1. A day before planting, seedlings in cups are watered abundantly, so that later it can be easily pulled out along with the ground without damaging the root system.
  2. On a prepared bed, rows are made with a ridge height of 25 cm, the distance between the rows is at least 60 cm.
  3. Along the ridges dig holes at a distance of 25 cm from each other, the size is slightly larger than a glass with seedlings.
  4. To disinfect the soil in the wells, you can pour a pink solution of potassium permanganate, and then plain water.
  5. The seedlings are carefully removed from the cup along with the ground and placed in the center of the hole, tamping the soil around the seedling. The root neck should be 1-2 cm above the ground.

Outdoor conditions

When grown in a greenhouse, cucumbers are easier to protect from sudden changes in temperature, you can create a favorable microclimate, humidity, yield will be higher, the first crop will appear earlier.

In open ground, it is necessary to choose a sunny place protected from the wind on the south side, away from trees, fences and other buildings. Cucumbers can be planted in open ground at air temperatures above +18 ° C. Be sure to tie the lash to the vertical supports (trellis) and monitor the irrigation.

Soil loosening and weeding

After each watering, it is necessary to loosen the soil so that the air flows well and the crust does not form. Loosening is done carefully, trying not to damage the root system. The first weeding of cucumbers produced after germination. During the season, about four weed beds and rows between rows are spent, destroying all the weeds. If there is a lot of rain, then we have to weed more often.

Masking

A properly formed plant produces more healthy and beautiful fruits. Chinese cucumbers do not have the needles, they have poorly developed lateral shoots, and predominantly female type of flowers.

Garter Chinese cucumber is a prerequisite for a good harvest. It must be done at a plant height of 50 cm. You can use an individual vertical garter for each whip or trellis method.

  1. When an individual garter between the supports installed at the beginning and end of the bed, stretch the horizontal wire at a height of about 2 m from the ground. From the horizontal wire to each lash down the rope down and tie up the plant.
  2. With the trellis method, vertical supports are set in advance when planting seeds in the ground, along rows at a distance of several meters. Then you can use a large mesh or stretch several wires horizontally between the supports. Effectively use a special large-mesh plastic mesh. The supports must be strong enough to hold a large green mass.
Tied cucumbers compactly placed on the garden, which allows them to plant fairly thickly. They are well ventilated and illuminated by the sun, the fruits are perfectly developed, have the correct form, do not rot and are not subjected to various diseases. In addition, take care of tied cucumbers and harvest is very convenient.

Feeding is carried out according to the following principle:

  1. It is best to prepare a bed for the cultivation of cucumbers in the fall, to make organic fertilizers. The following year, in spring, it is necessary to use chicken manure or mullein as a top dressing. It is dissolved in water in a ratio of 1: 3 and insist for several days. Then the agent is additionally diluted with water 1:15 and watering the bed. Well suited for feeding cucumbers ash, consumption per square meter - about 60 g.
  2. If fertilizers were not applied in the fall, then in the spring, in addition to organic matter, it is necessary to use mineral fertilizers. With the appearance of two leaves, you can use the solution "Nitrophoska" (for 20 liters of water 2 tablespoons). After watering ordinary water make 2 liters of solution for each plant. When the third leaf appears, potassium sulphate is used, two teaspoons of fertilizer are dissolved in 20 liters of water for irrigation. The procedure is repeated after 3 weeks.
  3. It is useful in the evening to spray the foliage of cucumber with urea, when ovaries appear (80 g of urea per 20 liters of water), this procedure significantly increases the yield. Top dressing bring no more than 6 times for a full cycle of growth, not more often than once in two weeks.

All fertilizers must be made strictly according to the instructions, so as not to harm the plants.

VIDEO: SUPPORTING CUCUMBERS DURING FLOWERING

Pests, diseases and prevention

The very name of the variety suggests that cucumbers are resistant to diseases. But still, in rainy and cold summer, cucumbers can become sick with powdery mildew, with which white scurf appears on the inner side of the leaves. To cope with the disease will help spraying a solution of the means “Oxy” (5 liters of water 10 g of funds), the procedure is repeated after 14 days. Spraying is carried out in the evening.

Downy mildew appears as yellow spots on the leaves, then dark brown scurf appears. Spray the drug "Topaz" (1 ampoule per 10 liters of water), 10 days later sprayed again. One of the most common pests of cucumbers - aphid. Effective remedies for aphids - "Aktara" and "Actofit." Apply in accordance with the instructions. Disease prevention and pest control is to comply with the rules of agricultural technology in the cultivation of cucumbers. It is necessary to ensure a good flow of air to the plants, monitor the humidity, remove plant residues, diseased leaves and fruits in time. Also, do not make a lot of nitrogen fertilizer.

Harvesting and storage

Harvesting is the most enjoyable process. In order for cucumbers not to outgrow, it is desirable to harvest daily. It is recommended to use a pruner or a knife in order not to damage the plant. It is better to pick cucumbers in the early morning or in the evening, then you can water it.

Chinese cucumbers are not stored for a long time, it is better to use them fresh for one day after harvest. For greenhouse cucumbers, the optimal storage temperature is +10 ° C, humidity - 90%, for grown in open ground - +7 ° C, humidity - 90%. In such conditions, cucumbers can be stored for 7 days. Wash them is not worth it. To increase the shelf life they can be kept in a cool place or in a refrigerator at a temperature of +4 ° C. But over time, cucumbers wither and taste is lost.

Possible problems and recommendations

When growing Chinese cucumbers, it is important to adhere to all the recommendations and agricultural practices, correctly and in time to tie, feed and feed. By characteristic signs you can find out the cause of the problem and solve it:

  • if the cucumbers started to turn yellow and fall off the leaves, the reason is insufficient or improper watering or top dressing, insufficient soil loosening, a sharp temperature drop,
  • if cucumbers have a low odor and a bad taste, the reason is a lack of calcium,
  • the irregular shape of the fruit indicates a shortage: potassium is a pear-shaped form, nitrogen is a form in the form of a hook and boron is a spiral shape.
So, we met with one of the varieties of cucumbers "Chinese disease-resistant", we learned about its advantages and disadvantages, methods of cultivation. To obtain a good result and high yields, it is necessary to provide all the necessary conditions: to choose the right place, soil, dressing, garter, regularly watering. All your hard work will be compensated by delicious and crispy cucumbers.

Characteristic of Chinese cucumber

Chinese cucumber is a fruit that reaches more than 60 cm in length. The plant is characterized by unpretentiousness, resistance to adverse weather conditions and various pests. Due to the large size of the leaves, the plant tolerates heat very well. Cultivation is possible in any soil.

Chinese cucumber has a cross-pollination, which means the ability to pereopilyatsya located near plants. Productivity is very high. On one stalk grows at least 4-5 cucumbers. And from one bush can collect up to 10 kg of crop. In addition, after the first harvest, fruiting increases. Therefore, if the cultivation of Chinese cucumber occurs for one family, then 6-7 bushes will be quite enough.

The plant is precocious. Approximately a month after the emergence of the stem from the ground, the first fruits are ready for use.

Cucumbers of this type have excellent taste, which have definitely gained popularity. Juicy fruit with sweetish taste will take a worthy place on the table. Eating cucumbers is possible both in raw and canned form.

Interestingly, even with a delay in picking cucumbers from a bush, they are not threatened with yellowing and no voids are formed in the pulp. In addition, this plant has one interesting feature. If the cucumber is too large, then, without removing it from the bush, you can partially cut the fruit. The rest will not deteriorate. The cut is able to quickly tighten, and the cucumber will continue to grow further.

Main varieties

Having decided to grow Chinese cucumber, you should decide on the most appropriate variety. The following varieties are best known throughout the country:

  1. "F1 heat resistant Chinese." The planting of this variety occurs in the first half of May.
  2. "F1 cold-resistant Chinese." Suitable for planting in July at the time of lower yields of other varieties.
  3. "F1 Chinese disease resistant."
  4. "Chinese miracle" - variety adapted to any pests and weather conditions.
  5. "Chinese farmer" - recommended for those who want to harvest early harvest.
  6. "Chinese snakes".

Having decided on a variety, it is necessary to pay attention to the method of cultivation. Most often, Chinese cucumber is grown in the open ground through sowing of seeds or through the preparation of seedlings. But you can try to grow cucumbers and on the balcony.

Cultivation in open ground through the preparation of seedlings

Sowing seeds for seedlings occurs in the first decade of April. As preparation, it is first necessary to decontaminate the seeds. To do this, soak them in a solution of manganese for about 30-40 minutes. To avoid low germination, you can put the prepared seeds on a saucer and cover them with a gauze slice previously soaked in a solution of potassium permanganate. After 2-3 days, the seeds will germinate. After that they can be planted in prepared containers.

For seedlings most preferably use cups of peat. Landing in the ground with them is much more convenient. In addition, peat is an excellent natural fertilizer. Land in cups should be universal for vegetables.

Seeds are planted to a depth of 2 cm. After this, it is necessary to cover the pots with plastic wrap and put them in a warm, bright place. The film should be removed periodically for ventilation. It should be periodically watering and spraying.

As soon as shoots appear, the film is removed. Planted in the ground can be after the appearance of 3-4 leaves. The height of the plant at this point usually reaches 15-20 cm. Usually, the landing occurs in the first half of June.

Before planting plants need to prepare the soil. The bed is filled with humus and manure. After this, the seedlings are planted and the soil is necessarily fertilized. The gap between the bushes should be at least 20 cm.

A place to grow Chinese cucumber should be well protected from drafts.

Seed cultivation

Planting seeds in the ground is recommended in the first decade of May. Before sowing, it is necessary to perform decontamination and hold the seeds in potassium permanganate for 10 minutes.

The trench prepared for sowing should be filled with fresh manure and humus. You can use wood ash. The bed must be watered with warm water. After that, the seeds must be planted to a depth of 4 cm with a distance of 20 cm or more from each other. The soil should be mulched - covered with dry grass, straw. This is necessary to prevent the drying of the earth, and also, gradually decomposing, the mulch will serve as another fertilizer.

When the first shoots appear, you must continue to mulch the earth, irrigating directly through the mulch.. Thus, all conditions will be created for the emergence in the earth of the necessary microorganisms, earthworms, which will ensure good plant growth.

Growing in a greenhouse

In order to earlier ripen the fruits of Chinese cucumber cultivation is carried out in greenhouses. As with the landing in the ground, here first of all it is necessary to prepare the soil. It should consist of humus, sod land and sawdust.

In the greenhouse planted seedlings. The distance between seedlings should be at least 20 cm. Periodically mulch the soil. Watering should be carried out no more than 2 times a week.

Growing up on the balcony

In the conditions of a balcony or loggia, with due perseverance, it is also possible to achieve success in growing Chinese cucumber.

Capacity for plants should be quite large. This place needs to be protected from drafts, and, of course, the soil must also periodically receive top dressing. In the balcony conditions it is difficult to use country fertilizers, but the use of the so-called grain feeding is quite realistic.

For the leaven, it is necessary to fill a large container with dry pieces of bread. Pour water, put something heavy on top. Put this mixture in a warm place for a week.

For irrigation, it is necessary to dilute this composition with water in a ratio of 1: 3 and water the plant weekly.

In general, Chinese cucumber is an unpretentious and hardy plant, so growing it is quite possible on the balcony. Moreover, many gardeners have already seen this in practice.

Cucumber care

Proper care when growing Chinese cucumber also plays an important role.

As soon as the stem is formed, for better growth, remove 5 lateral processes from the bottom. If you do not pruning, the development of the bush will slow down and there will be a small amount of female flowers on it. You should also pinch off rough, bad leaves.

Since Chinese cucumber grows only up, it is necessary to install a trellis and tie growing bushes to it. If grown without a trellis, the growth will slow, the fruit will have an unattractive shape and the plant may begin to wither. The trellis height must be at least 2 m.

Always keep in mind regular watering.

The lack of moisture in the soil can adversely affect the taste characteristics of cucumbers: bitterness can occur. Water for irrigation is recommended to insist on litter, manure, onion peel, bread. It is also recommended daily to spray the bushes with warm water.

Gathering grown fruits should be done daily. After that, watering plants and fertilizing fertilizers with the distribution evenly over the bed. It must be remembered that the soil should always be wet.

Fruiting plants rather long, often continues until the first frost.

After harvesting, it should be noted that Chinese cucumber fruits are not intended for long-term storage, and it is better to use them in cooking or for preservation. For longer storage, you can put cucumbers in a cool place.

Chinese cucumber is quite resistant to pest attacks and disease attacks. But in rare cases this can happen. Aphids, powdery mildew, spider mites are common pests. But Chinese cucumber quite rarely falls under their harmful influence. If this happens, should be sprayed with herbicides in a timely manner.

The main thing - to follow simple rules when growing Chinese cucumber. And remember about the proper care of plants. Then the richness of the harvest will be provided, and the fruits themselves will certainly please with a healthy look and wonderful taste.

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send