Plum is a fruit crop, the place for which every amateur gardener finds in his garden plots. If you choose the right variety, plum can be grown in most regions of Russia. Breeders have created a large number of winter-hardy varieties and hybrids, zoned to the conditions of a long frosty winter. This fruit crop is relatively fast-growing, which means that a few years after planting, you can count on the first significant crop.
A variety of varieties with fruits of different colors and ripening periods, unpretentious care, make plum one of the most common crops in amateur and industrial gardens. For the middle band, it is preferable to choose plum varieties with early and mid-early ripening, so that the peak of fruiting is over before the first frost.
The content of the article:
7 best varieties of plums
These varieties are characterized by increased resistance to diseases and pests, good winter hardiness and dessert fruit flavor.
Skoroplodna. The early grade ripening by 1-2 decade of August, possesses exclusive frost resistance. The variety is not affected by fruit rot, has an increased resistance to major diseases and pests of stone fruit. Fruits of a reddish shade with yellow sweet pulp weighing up to 30 g. Plum of this variety tolerates drought; during the period of lack of moisture, neither growth nor fructification does not suffer.
Yakhontovaya. Plum of this variety has excellent frost resistance and resistance to pests and diseases of fruit crops. Fruits of yellow color have a light waxy coating, a pronounced sweet-sour taste, reaching a mass of 30 g. Yahontovaya variety plums are drought-resistant, for 3 years after planting 50 kg of fruits can be collected from the tree.
Tula black. The variety is characterized by a high level of immunity to the main diseases and pests of stone fruit crops, the taste and frost resistance is slightly lower than in previous crops. The main purpose of the dark blue fruit has a sweet-sour taste - use for blanks, making dried fruits. Fruit ripening period is mid-September.
Chinese. Winter-hardy variety of medium early ripening (mid-September) is highly immune to pests and diseases of fruit trees. The variety has large, red fruits weighing up to 70 g of a delicate sweet taste.
Blue gift. Sweet fruits of this variety weigh a little - only 15 g. They ripen in 1-2 decade of August, the tree is cold-resistant, rarely exposed to diseases.
Giant. Gentle fruits of this variety correspond to the name - they reach a weight of 110 g, have a pleasant taste, sweet without cloying. Trees of this variety are not resistant to fungal diseases, winter resistance is low.
Stanley. The old variety of American selection, popular to the present. Located in the State Register of the Russian Federation, recommended for cultivation in the south of Russia. Srednerosly trees reach a height of 3 m. Have a rare crown. Large and very large fruits of dark purple and green are covered with a waxy coating. The flesh of the plum of this variety is sweet, dense and fragrant, the bone is separated. Purpose grade - use as a dessert, for drying for future use, for home-made blanks.
All of the above varieties of plums are characterized by precocity (getting the first harvest from the third year of life), good yields. They are used as a dessert or raw material for blanks: compote preparations, jams, jams, marshmallows, etc. Plums of these varieties are transportable, that is suitable for transportation over long distances.
This variety is the most common of all and is suitable for many regions. He feels great in the conditions of Western and Eastern Siberia, in the Urals and in northern Kazakhstan. This plum was bred by crossing two varieties of excellent quality: Manchurian Prunes and Immune.
Gives medium-sized, about 15 grams, round-shaped fruits. Their distinctive feature is the color, rich yellow skin is covered with a reddish blush. Over it there is a whitish wax coating.
Plum pulp has a yellow-orange color, loose structure, very juicy and soft. The taste of the fruit is saturated, slightly sour, which is shaded by a sweet aroma. The stone in the ripe plum is quite large and is easily separated from the pulp.
The tree itself does not grow very high, has a rounded crown and not too many branches. With proper care, the plant begins to bear fruit three or four years after planting in a permanent place. The grade also differs in the increased productivity. Also worth noting is the excellent frost resistance of the Altai Jubilee plum.
Honey (White Honey)
In taste, this is one of the best varieties of yellow plum, like real honey. This species is of Ukrainian origin, but adapted even to the harsh climate of some northern regions.
Gives large fruits, an average of 30 grams, and some specimens reach a weight of 50 grams. Plum regular round shape, a beautiful bright yellow color, on the surface of the skin there is a whitish wax coating. Due to the dense skin, this variety can be easily transported with minimal risk of damage to the fruit. The flesh is juicy, saturated color, quite dense. The stone is separated with difficulty.
In terms of ripening plum Honey is one of the earliest. Fruits can be removed in early August. The variety needs pollinators, so the appropriate trees should be planted nearby. For these purposes, Hungarian Early and Renklod Karbysheva are perfect.
The tree usually grows rather large, and with proper care and favorable conditions of maintenance can reach five meters in height. The crown is rounded, the main branches are not very many. The plant is frost-resistant and even the most serious frosts do not harm it. Additional care for this variety is not needed, the main thing is to ensure proper conditions. Some gardeners are hesitant to plant the Honey Plum due to the fact that the plant is large and occupies a large area on which two other high-yielding trees can freely accommodate.
This variety of plum is also well proven in all respects. Fruits are large, with an average weight of 43 grams, a yellow shade with small pinkish spots. The peel is not too tight, easily moving away from the pulp. Plum shape is oval, having small grooves at the funnel and at the top. The flesh is also yellow, soft and with abundant juice.
It belongs to late-ripening varieties, fruits ripen only in autumn, in early October.
The tree is of medium height, pyramid-shaped, with few main branches, which excludes excessive thickening. Fruit bouquets mainly.
The variety has a high yield, with an average of 27 kg per season per plant. In order for the plum to start bearing fruit, at least 4 years must pass after it has been planted.
This variety has many serious advantages:
- high frost resistance
- drought resistance
- immunity to pests and various diseases,
- long shelf life.
It has rounded large (about 26 grams) fruits of a yellow-green shade, they acquire a pinkish tone in the sun. The flesh of the plums is yellow, sweet-sour to the taste, medium soft.
The tree is not very tall, with an oval-shaped crown. Fruiting, mainly bouquet branches. The variety is self-fertile, does not require planting a number of pollinating plants. The first crop can be harvested 6 years after planting. Perfect for the Moscow region and the Central region, but due to poor frost resistance does not survive in Siberia.
The grade differs in fine tastes and universality of use. It can be used fresh and processed into jams or preserves. Plums are not very large, weight about 15 grams. Fruits are bright yellow with a hint of honey, on the surface of thin skin there is a slight whitish bloom.
Trees of medium height, with a sprawling oval crown. The branches are medium density, brown in color with dark green rounded frosted leaves. Pollinators are required for harvest, the fruits ripen around mid-August.
It also has medium frost resistance, therefore it is not suitable for cultivation in the harsh conditions of Siberia. This species is grown in the Central region, Moscow region and southern regions. The most significant disadvantage is susceptibility to diseases and attacks of pests.
Fruits are sweet, with a slight sourness and honey aroma. The color of the plum is yellow-green, sometimes a small blush appears. The flesh is very juicy and is easily freed from the bone. The variety is characterized by late flowering, but a rich early harvest. One tree can produce up to 30 kilograms of plums. The first harvest can be harvested 4 years after planting the seedlings.
The crown of the tree is triangular, the plant tolerates frost well and due to this it can be grown in Siberia. For pollination requires planting nearby other varieties.
This variety has a long history, has been grown in Russia for a very long time.
Fruits are oval in shape, medium size, reach a weight of 30 grams. Their color ranges from light green to deep yellow. They have very juicy and soft flesh.
One of the most productive varieties, with proper care and favorable conditions from one tree can collect up to 80 pounds of plums. Flowering is rather late and fruits ripen by the end of August. It is necessary to plant near trees-pollinators, the most suitable varieties for this are Renklod Ulena and Renklod Green.
Frost resistance is weak, so this variety is best suited for a warm climate, it does not ripen in the suburbs.
Such types of plums appeared relatively recently, but managed to gain considerable popularity among gardeners. It is enough to take care of them, the trees occupy little space on the site and at the same time give a rich harvest for many years, which, moreover, is easy to collect. Abundant fruiting begins in the third year after planting seedlings.
Colonlike plums do not need pruning, since they do not have side branches, only short lances, departing from the central trunk. It is on them that the fruits are formed.
At present, one species of yellow columnar plum is developed - Mirabella. Differs in late maturity, the crop can reach 12 kilograms from one tree. Fruits are medium in size, bright yellow with a pale bloom. Plums are best suited for processing into jams, preserves and compotes.
A variety of various types allows you to choose the right plants for any garden. And if you share this article and with your subscribers, I assure you, they will thank you for such useful information.
Common features of yellow plum species
Most often, plants of this group have round fruits. Rounded oblong meet less often. The main color, of course, is yellow, although some varieties may have a light blush or green tint. The taste of the yellow variety of plum is sweet, very juicy. Often small in size.
Regardless of the type, all yellow plums share a characteristic feature - self-sterility. Very rarely among them come across varieties with partial self-fertility. This is due to the fact that yellow plum is a product of selection, they are not found in wild forms. However, self-sterility also has a downside: in the presence of a suitable pollinator, such plums are capable of producing an enormous harvest.
Like blue plums, yellow are different in early maturity. This characteristic determines which pollinator to choose. Early varieties suitable, for example, an old variety early Skorospelka. Mid-season - July. Late - Moscow Hungarian.
Early plum Yellow ball
A small plum with an amazing taste, reminiscent of someone pineapple, someone peach. The variety is also known as the Golden Ball. It is simple to distinguish it from others: during the period of ripening, the branches of a spreading tree are covered with round yellow fruits, tightly seated on short petioles, like sea-buckthorn berries. This is not surprising, because the Yellow Ball refers to the subspecies of Chinese plum.
For Chinese plum is characterized by a very earlier and violent flowering. Each flower bud produces 3 or 4 flowers. The yellow ball differs from other plants of this group in higher growth: a tree can reach 5 meters. However, the variety inherited the main parental signs:
- frost resistance (up to -50⁰С),
- precociation (comes into fruition in the 3rd year),
- excellent quality, thanks to the thick skin,
- high transportability,
- resistance to the main diseases of the stone,
- low drought resistance
- tendency to sub-root root neck.
The yellow ball is a very fruitful variety. And since the weight of each fruit can reach 60 grams, greater attention is required from the gardener. It may be necessary in some years to thin out the fruit or set props so that the branches do not break.Plum variety Yellow ball
Small plum Altai anniversary
This variety also has a Chinese ancestor - Manchurian plum plum. Due to this, the Altai Jubilee is able to endure the harsh conditions of the Urals and Siberia. The color of its fruits is twofold: the main color is yellow, the cover on the sunny side is red, with a protective wax coating.
This is a medium-low tree with a low stem and a back-pyramidal habit. Small plum plum (only 14-16 grams), but the fruit taste is very harmonious, with some sourness.
Altai anniversary samosterilny plum, but it can be safely planted next to other varieties- she herself is an excellent pollinator. Her yield is high, although irregular. Enters fructification in the 3rd year of life.
Round grade - Amber Mlievskaya
Heat-loving large-fruited variety, bred by Ukrainian breeders at the Lev Platonovich Simirenko Institute of Pomology. According to some estimates, Amber is the best variety for making plum jam, because when overripening, the content of pectin in the fruit becomes very high.
Bright yellow fruits are oval in shape and can weigh up to 70 grams. The taste is very sweet, with a slight grape tint. The flesh is juicy, with fibers, the bone separates well.
The skin on the fruit is thin, so when fully ripe, they are poorly stored. However, Amber can be removed unripe - in the refrigerator, it lies for a rather long time and is well dispensed.
The tree itself is medium sized, with a compact crown, skoroplodnoe. Begins to bear fruit in the second year after planting. With one adult tree in the presence of the pollinator can remove up to 50 kg of fruit.
Winter hardiness of this variety is average. Regions with a harsh climate Amber not suitable. But in areas with mild winters, she feels good. The main advantages of the variety: drought tolerance and weak susceptibility to bone stone diseases.Amber plum variety
Honey White (also known as Honey Yellow) was bred by Donetsk breeder L. I. Taranenko. The variety is also thermophilic, in Russia it is zoned in the Central Black Soil Region. However, the experience of gardeners shows that Honey, grafted on a frost-resistant stock, successfully bears fruit to the north - in the Moscow region, Belarus, in the Kaliningrad region.
Plum Honey belongs to tall grades. The tree can grow up to 6 meters. Fruits are oval, with transparent yellow skin, wax-like, reach a mass of 50 grams. From the lighted side, an orange cover color sometimes appears on them. The flesh is from slightly greenish to intense yellow, depending on the degree of maturity. The taste of Honey is bright, sweet with a barely perceptible sour and honey aroma. The stone sits tightly, but in ripe fruit it separates well.
Additional advantages - drought resistance, good keeping quality and fruit transportability. Frosts of the middle strip Honey transfers well, flower buds do not freeze.
Of the relative, quite surmountable disadvantages, only self-sterility and tall height of a variety can be noted.
Just like Honey, this plum is called either white or yellow, due to the wax coating on the fruit. Ochakov plum is easy to distinguish from others during flowering - by large double flowers.
This is an old Russian variety, suitable for central Russia. The tree is medium thick, up to 4 meters in height, with a tendency to thickening the crown, therefore, requires vigilant care for the formation.
Unfortunately, with the high quality of the fruit in this class there are many shortcomings:
- low ratio of the number of flower and vegetative buds (8: 100), which is why Ochakovskaya gives very modest yields,
- flower buds poorly resistant to frost,
- irregular fruiting,
- low winter hardiness,
- the tendency of fruits to cracking and shattering.
This variety of yellow plum was bred by Russian breeder A. Veliaminov. Remarkable Kompotnaya plum that has not a tree, and bush form. The bush grows quite high, up to 3 meters. Крона раскидистая, ветви приподняты.
Компотная – мелкоплодный сорт. Плоды круглые, с плотной ярко-жёлтой кожицей, массой всего 15 граммов, напоминают алычу. Мякоть рыхлая, сочная, на вкус кисло-сладкая. On the appointment of the variety says the name itself.
This small plant gives relatively good and stable yields: 15-20 kg of plums from one bush. The advantages of the variety include its high frost resistance.
Thermophilic variety, recommended by the State Register for the Lower Volga region. In severe frosts, his shoots are damaged and one-two-year-old wood freezes.
Golden large differs from other yellow fruit plums partial self-fertility. The main advantage of the variety is large (more than 40 grams), fruits of excellent taste, light yellow, with a light flush, delicate edge and a waxy coating. They are able to ripen in the refrigerator and not lose quality for 1.5 months of storage.
The tree of this variety is medium-sized, with a pyramidal crown, begins to bear fruit in the 4th year. Yields give not record (about 30 kg from a tree), but stable, without periodicity.
Of the other advantages of the Golden coarse, high resistance to heat, drought and disease is noted.Golden plum
A very promising Bulgarian variety with exceptionally large fruits (60-70 grams). The fruits have a great dessert taste and interesting color - yellow, with light greens. The yellow afaska is self-infested, and the American plum Amers is best suited to pollinate it.
Another advantage of the Yellow afaska is the precocity. The first crop variety can bring already in the 2nd year. The plant is vigorous, with high winter hardiness and resistance to sharq. Other bone diseases are also poorly susceptible.
Of the minuses of the variety, it is possible to call the poor quality of the fruits and their ability to quickly ripen on the tree. Collect the yellow afasku need only manually.Yellow afaska
A rare, vintage variety, first described in 1676. Like many old plum varieties, it has many flaws, but may be interesting to collectors.
The fruits of Egg Yellow are rather large, but of mediocre taste, sour. Appointment - for processing on compotes, a marshmallow. The skin color is bright yellow, the bone is inseparable. Fresh fruits begin to deteriorate after a week of storage.
The plant itself is vigorous, with a round sparse crown. It is resistant to frost and drought, however, it is affected by fungal diseases of the stone fruit. Enters fructification late - from 6-7 years of life. Productivity with proper care up to 40 kg per tree.Plum Egg yellow
Yellow plum care
Caring for a yellow variety of plum is no different from caring for blue. Some nuances depend on the specific variety, but the general rules are as follows:
- Regular watering. Plum loves water (but not stagnant water), and even drought-resistant varieties will react to a long absence of watering with a decrease in yield.
- Regular top dressings according to the scheme: in the spring - nitrogen, in the summer - full complex fertilizer, in the fall - phosphorus and potassium.
- Regular trimming. The plum quickly grows and “runs away” upwards, and it needs to be formed.
- The correct selection of pollinators for samobosplodnyh varieties.
- If necessary, yield regulation (thinning of fruits).
- Mandatory water recharge for the winter (after leaf fall, before frosts).
With proper care, yellow plums for 15-20 years will provide the gardener with wonderful fruits and good mood.
This variety of yellow plums has an unusual taste, reminiscent of natural floral honey. Although there are barely noticeable notes of sourness. The variety comes from Ukraine and has a wide zoning.
Due to its unpretentiousness, the “Yellow Honey” plum can grow even in the northern regions. The fruits of this variety are quite large - from 30 g. Some reach 50 g. The fruits have a regular rounded shape.
The skin is thin, but very dense, yellow in color with a slight white wax coating. The flesh is juicy and has a bright yellow color. The structure of the fruit is dense, which complicates the process of separation of the bone from the pulp. This variety was given a tasting score of 4.5 points.
Plum "Yellow Honey" - one of the earliest ripening varieties among all plums. Harvest ripe fruit is already possible in late July. This advantage is due to the early timing of flowering.
This yellow plum is self-infesting, therefore it needs cross pollination. The best pollinators are "Hungarian Early" and "Renklod Karbysheva." The “Honey” plum tree grows very large and can reach a height of up to five meters.
His crown is rounded with rare main branches. Due to this fruit can ripen quickly and efficiently. "Honey" - a high-yielding variety of plums. It shows good resistance to frost and tolerates even very low temperatures without problems.
Important!The grade "Yellow honey" does not demand any special leaving and perfectly gets accustomed in any climatic conditions.
Fruits tolerate transportation and are versatile in home use. Many gardeners refuse to grow "Yellow Honey" on their site due to the fact that it takes up a lot of space.
Someone argues that in its place you can grow two trees of another fertile variety and get a much larger crop. Others believe that you can donate square meters in order to enjoy such a delicacy. The choice is only for you.
This variety produces small yellow plums with amazing taste, somewhat similar to pineapple and peach. This variety can also be found under the name "Golden Ball".
Plum "Yellow Ball" differs from others in its special appearance. During the period of ripening, the spreading branches of the tree are covered with small yellow round fruits. From a distance, they can remind even the fruits of sea buckthorn. This is explained by the fact that the "Golden Ball" is a type of Chinese plum.
It is characterized by very early and abundant flowering. 3-4 buds grow on each bud. The “Yellow Ball” differs from other plums by its tallness.The tree reaches five meters in height. But the main thing is the frost resistance of this variety. The tree is able to withstand up to -50 ⁰C! In the period of fruiting enters the third year. Excellent transport and transportation and has a good lock.
Plum "Yellow Ball" is resistant to common diseases of stone fruit crops. Along with many positive moments, this variety does not tolerate drought and is prone to sub-heating of the root collar. Golden Ball is a very productive variety of plums.
Important!Each fruit can weigh up to 60 g, so gardeners should be especially attentive to plum care. With its fertility, this may be fraught with strong deflection of the branches. Sometimes it is necessary even to put props.
This is a vigorous plum variety with a height of 2.5 meters or more, but at the same time, the stem relative to the whole plant is not so large. The bark on the trunk of the tree is mostly gray and smooth to the touch.
In an adult plant, the crown is mostly sparse, but it also occurs in medium density. The top is round and slightly flattened. Krona are mostly spreading branches. The branches of the “Yellow Hoppa” are straight, but sometimes they are also slightly curved with a thick cross-section.
Light brown shoots with a glossy sheen. Vegetative buds on them are small, fruit - medium. The leaves of this medium-sized yellow plum are up to 11 cm long and up to 6 cm wide. They are most expanding closer to the top. The leaves are green with a slight glossy shine, have an egg-shaped form. On the surface can barely noticeable wrinkles. Yellow Hopta plum blossoms in white cups with egg-shaped petals 9 × 7 cm. There is a slight waviness on the edges. Usually from one bud can appear up to three flowers.
Fruits are medium in size and grow within 20 g. They have a rounded, slightly flattened shape with a well-visible seam on the abdomen. The skin is thin, and the flesh under it is juicy and loose, yellow-green. Bone fruit large, easily separated.
Plum "Yellow Hopta" - self-fruit fruit culture. Therefore, it is necessary to plant nearby trees of other varieties of plum, which bloom in the same period as that of the “Hopta”.
Propagation of this variety occurs through grafting. At the moment, the best of suitable rootstocks are considered varieties of Canadian and Ussuri breeding.
Actively fruiting plum "Yellow Hopta" begins in the fourth year from the date of planting of an annual sapling. Observing all the necessary agrotechnical conditions, gardeners will collect good yields of this plum.
By average, up to 12 kg of fruit can be obtained from one tree, and from 6 hectares from one hectare. Fruits that ripen by the end of August have a wonderful taste with a predominance of sweet and teasing sour note.
“A spoon of tar” in the general flavor bouquet is a peel that gives little bitterness.
Important!In order for preservation not to be with an unpleasant bitterness, you should think about how to get rid of the specific taste of the skin - of course, only if you deliberatelynotplan to add spice.
We also note the commendable winter-hardy qualities of this plant, for the most part this concerns plum wood. Fruit buds are not designed for such extreme temperatures.
Therefore, this fact should be taken into account when breeding "Yellow Hopt" in your region. Gentle skin and loose fruit pulp does not contribute to transportation over long distances.
Did you know?Up to 3,000,000 tons of various products are produced from the fruits of plums for the high season in the world.
“Memory of Timiryazev”
The plum of this variety grows up to 3 m in height. Crohn middle density, rounded and slightly drooping. Shoots light brown shade with a slight pubescence.
Buds are small and not pressed to escape. The leaves are quite large, light green in color. Their upper side is smooth, and the bottom is slightly bristly. Along the edges they are slightly jagged. Blooms "Memory Timiryazev" lush white flowers of medium size.
The fruits are large, oval in shape, weighing up to 30 g. Their shape is oval, and the color is bright yellow with a reddish blush that appears on the sunny side. Under the skin appears a lot of small dots. The fruit has a slight wax coating. Side seam barely noticeable.
The flesh is dense and fine-grained, does not differ in strong juiciness, with a sweet-sour taste and a faint aroma. It grows on a short stalk. The stone is small, easily separated from the pulp.
“Memory of Timiryazev” refers to late-ripening plums. Flowering begins in mid-May, and you can collect in late August. This variety is universal. Perfect for both processing and eating fresh. It tolerates transportation and is stored for a long time.
This plum begins to bear fruit in the fourth year after planting. Grows up to 22 years. The yield from a single tree can reach an average of 35 kg.
Yellow plum “Memory of Timiryazev” is self-fertile, but to improve the quality of the crop, the following varieties can be planted next to: “Moscow Hungarian” or “Skorospelka Krasnaya”.
This variety is characterized by the average height of trees and the average density of the crown, which grows in the shape of an oval. The shoots are smooth, dark brown color with small buds.
The leaves of the plum are light green, oval and smooth on both sides. Veins of wrinkles run along the surface. Flower petals are not interlocking. In the flower there are 21 stamens and the stigma of the pistil towering above them. The flower has a bare ovary and a smooth pedicle of medium size.
The fruits of the tree are oval, with a slight depression at the base, with a slightly perceptible abdominal suture and lacking pubescence. The fruits have a yellow-green shade with a light pink blush on the sunny side. Covered with wax white color. Juiciness and density of plums "Morning" is average.
Pulp of yellow color with a fine-fibrous consistence. The average fruit weight is about 26 g. Sweet plums with a spicy aroma.
Yellow fruit plum "Morning", like many other varieties, begins its fruiting in the fourth year after planting in open ground. Average life expectancy is 21 years.
Flowering occurs in the period from 12 to 20 May, and from 7 to 14 August the trees are already ripening fruits. “Morning” is one of the few self-fertile varieties of yellow plums. It is characterized by regular good yield. From one tree you can collect at least 15 kg of fruit. Plums tolerate transportation, are recycled and even frozen.
Severe frosts “Morning” endures with difficulty and subsequently does not bear fruit well. But the spring frost variety is not terrible.
The best red fruit varieties of plums
New early plum variety for the Central Black Soil Region. The tree is of medium height, with a thick broad crown. Fruits are rounded elongated, leveled, weighing 45 - 55 g, red-purple, with a thick bluish bloom, without subcutaneous points, the abdominal suture is poorly pronounced. The flesh is juicy, dense, yellow, aromatic, sweet with a slight sourness. The skin is strong, medium thickness. Transportability is good. The bone is large, it separates easily. This plum has good winter hardiness and disease resistance. To set fruit need pollinator, blooming in the same time. Popular in the suburbs.
- large fruit
- free bone compartment
- good winter hardiness
- average yield
- an early flowering pollinator required
A good old early ripe variety of plum of Kuibyshev breeding. The tree is large, it grows quickly, it forms a spherical, medium-thickened crown. Fruits are oval, leveled, weighing 30 - 40 g, purple with red and noticeable subcutaneous points, with a medium waxy coating, the abdominal suture is clearly visible, the skin can be easily removed from the pulp. The flesh is orange, tender, sweet and sour. Stone separates freely. The fruits have dessert purpose. Fruits are resistant to shattering in an average degree. Winter hardiness is average, in bad years flower buds completely die. This variety of plum is well suited for cultivation in the Central region and the Volga region.
- dessert taste
- good bone separation
- partial self-fertility
- affected by phlema
- poor winter hardiness of flower buds
- frequent rains cause cracking
Old Voronezh hybrid with cherry plum genes and 5 types of plums. The tree is tall, with a spreading crown. Because of its strong growth, it is often grafted onto a low-growing stock, although own-rooted seedlings are more durable. Early maturation. Fruits are round, located sparsely, weighing 20–30 g, maroon, with a bluish wax coating, the abdominal suture is poorly pronounced. The flesh is juicy, friable, light orange, sweet with moderate acidity, fragrant. Stone is average, it separates badly. It has a table appointment. Differs in high complex winter hardiness. It is a good stock for other varieties and resistant skeleton formers. Productivity depends on weather conditions during flowering. Rain and lack of heat dramatically reduce it. The hybrid is not able to self-pollinate and serve as a pollinator of another variety. It is pollinated by Renklod collective and Renklod fruitful. This variety of plum shows itself well in the Central Black Soil Region.
- high winter hardiness
- good taste
- poor bone separation
- unstable yield
- very large tree
Moscow variety from free pollination. The tree is of medium height, with a spherical, thick and spreading crown. Fruits are oval or ellipsoidal, irregular in shape, purple-red with a dense blue-violet bloom, weighing 20-25 g, abdominal suture pronounced. The skin is rough. The flesh is very dense, juicy, rich yellow, simple sweet-sour taste. The bone is medium, it separates easily. Fruits go well for drying and compotes. This variety of plum is characterized by moderate winter hardiness, good resistance to fungal diseases and annual fruiting. It does not need pollinators, but is itself a good pollinator for other household plums.
- stable yield
- winter hardiness
- small fruits of mediocre taste
Early ripe grade of plum. The tree is medium in size, with a rounded neat crown. Fruits are round or slightly oval, weighing 30 - 50 g, rich purple, with a thick waxy coating, subcutaneous points appear well, the abdominal seam is deep and pronounced. The flesh is dense, juicy, bright yellow, sweet with a tender sour, traditional plum flavor. The bone is average, separated freely. Appointment of fruits table and technical. The first fruiting gives already 3 - 4 years. Differs in high winter hardiness of wood and flower buds. The harvest is given annually, subject to the availability of a pollinator with early flowering (Morning, Early Yellow, Egg Blue, Smolink). The care is not demanding, rarely damaged by diseases and pests. First grade in the number recommended for the Moscow region.
- good bone separation
- large fruit
- early fruiting
- high winter hardiness
- compared to modern varieties, inferior in taste
- pollinator variety required
The best varieties of yellow plum
A good vintage variety of yellow plum, ripening in medium-late terms, actively used in breeding work for the development of new forms. The tree is low, with a narrow compact crown. Fruits are rounded elongated, yellow with a greenish tinge, weighing 25 - 35 g, the abdominal suture is faint. The flesh is juicy, tender, honey-sweet and aromatic. Stone is easily separated. Плодоношение начинается на 7 — 9 году роста. Отличается поздним цветением, из-за чего ему сложно подобрать опылитель. Из практики садоводов подойдут Ренклод колхозный, Стенлей, Альтана.Good results gives vaccination in the crown. It is better not to delay the harvesting of fruits, as they can crumble, and in rainy weather they can also burst. This variety of yellow plum is grown in the Vladimir, Smolensk, Voronezh regions and the Moscow region.
- friendly maturation
- large and tasty fruits
- free bone compartment
- difficulty in pollinator selection
- fruits are prone to shedding and cracking
- gives a lot of shoots
- average yield
Old, not losing popularity Michurinsky grade of yellow plum late ripening. The tree is medium in size, with a spreading wide-rounded crown. Fruits are round, even, painted evenly, with a whitish wax coating, weighing 20-25 g, abdominal seam implicit. The skin is thin. The flesh is yellow, tender, juicy, harmonious taste. Bone detachability is average. It has a table appointment. Own-rooted trees give abundant growth. Winter hardiness is above average, in case of damage the tree is quickly restored. Fungal diseases a little sick. It is zoned in the Central region, the Central Chernozem region and in the North-West. Known and outside the zoning zones.
- stable yield
- good winter hardiness
- fruit fall
- poor bone separation
- Medium bloom pollinator required
A promising plum variety with a wide distribution area. Belongs to varieties of medium flowering and ripening. The tree is medium thick with a thick oval crown. Fruits are oval, leveled, yellow-green, with pink tan when ripe, weighing 25 - 30 g, with a medium waxy coating, the abdominal suture is slightly noticeable. The flesh is yellow, medium density and moderate juiciness, sweet with clear sourness. The fruits have a universal purpose. Winter hardiness of the tree is good, and flower buds are weak. In adverse years (with frequent thaws and severe frosts), fruiting may be absent. From spring frosts, flower buds are less affected. The disease is affected in a weak way. Designed for amateur gardening. The strength of the gains depends on the stock. In the Registry for the Central Region.
- good yield
- durability of a tree (20 - 25 years)
- late onset of fruiting
- average winter hardiness of flower buds
- non-simultaneous maturation
Saratov variety of yellow plum with southern parents, late ripening. The tree is not large, with a rare raised and elongated crown. Fruits are spherical, leveled, weighing 40 - 50 g, yellow with a pinkish spotted cover, there is a wax coating with pubescence, the abdominal seam is poorly pronounced. The skin is tender and easily removed from the fetus. The stone is small, well separated. The flesh is yellow, tender, melting, sweet with a slight sourness. Slightly immature fruits are suitable for long-term cold storage and long-distance transport. It is resistant to diseases. Self-fertility is manifested in a moderate degree, pollinators increase yields. Flowers tolerate spring frosts. In severe winters, wood freezes. Suitable for growing in the Lower Volga region and south.
- large and attractive fruit
- easy bone separation
- partial self-fertility
- high drought resistance
- average winter hardiness
New promising plum variety from Michurinsk, medium early ripening. The tree is medium in size with a thick, wide-spread crown. Fruits are spherical, yellow with a whitish wax coating, weighing 40 g (individual fruits up to 60 g), without pubescence, the abdominal suture is not pronounced. The flesh is light yellow, dense, juicy, sour-sweet. The skin is thin, easily removed. The stone is medium in size, separates well. Appointment of fruits table and technical. It is characteristic of early entry into fruiting - from 3-4 years after planting the seedling. To guarantee the crop, several other early-flowering varieties are planted in the crown. Flower buds have poor winter hardiness; as a result, in some years, the ovary may not form, even if there is a pollinator. Winter hardiness of wood is good. This variety of yellow plum is recommended for the Voronezh, Bryansk, Lipetsk regions. In the Moscow region there is a weak freezing after severe winters.
- large fruit
- free bone compartment
- early onset of fruiting
- good winter hardiness
- high and stable yield
- difficult to pick a pollinator
Home plum is not afraid of podvrevaniya, so young trees in the winter you can safely throw snow to protect against frost. Plum is very sensitive to feeding and does not tolerate overfeeding. When planting, fertilizers are not applied, but only the next year after engraftment and the appearance of gains are fed with small doses of humus and ash. Potassium helps to increase the sugar content of fruits, and phosphorus - to increase frost resistance.
Mandatory annual sanitary pruning, which is carried out in the spring before sap flow, is required in order not to provoke the development of gum therapy. Autumn pruning reduces winter hardiness.