Such a pet as a rabbit is familiar to every experienced farmer or to a person who has his own household. Moreover, today a wide variety of various breeds of rabbits simply fascinates. But, despite such a wide choice, black rabbit breeds are especially popular. Therefore, we consider which varieties of rabbits have a black or brown color and features of each of the breeds.
Alaska Species Rabbit Features
Common enough are rabbits of the Alaska species, which have a dark color. This variety belongs to the representatives of the skin-meat direction, which means that these animals are raised for meat and for obtaining valuable rabbit skin. According to its constitution, the body is a variety that is not too large, has black wool and a slightly bluish undercoat. For the first time this species was bred in 1870 in France. As a result of the crossing of Viennese silver, blue, Dutch and Havanese rabbits with real German breeds, this species was obtained.
These rabbits have a rather thick and thick black fur, which in the undercoat has a slightly bluish tint. On the belly of this rabbit, the color can be both black and matte. Sometimes you can find rabbits of this breed, which have a slightly brown tint, but this is an undesirable process, since it is the black fur rabbits that are most appreciated. Despite the fact that it is a rather beautiful variety, it is often possible to meet it among amateur rabbit breeders.
The weight of representatives of this variety on average ranges from 2 to 5 kilograms of meat. Rabbits have sufficient fertility and milkiness. For one litter the rabbit can lead about 7 baby rabbits. In the process of breeding and maintenance, this species of rabbits is not very whimsical.
Features of the variety black brown rabbit
This variety of rabbits belongs to the domestic group, but is distinguished by its unique color, which is not uniform. This color combines a brown color with a black color that is dominant. This variety appeared on the territory of Tatarstan approximately in the 40s as a result of the interbreeding of the Flandre variety rabbits, the white giant and the Viennese blue. This breed was created in order to obtain rabbits, which will have a dark brown color, which are representatives of foxes. This species was officially approved in 1948. Subsequently, all work on breeding were aimed at improving this type of rabbit. Black brown
If we consider the color of the fur, it is mostly black with small patches of brown color on the sides. Down hair, in turn, has a slightly bluish color. A peculiar black veil that rises above the underfur gives the original look to the fur of these rabbits. At the same time, the peculiarity of this species is that absolutely all rabbits will have a non-uniform color. Therefore, it is impossible to find almost identical rabbits.
The constitution of the body of this variety of rabbits is strong enough, that in fact was borrowed from representatives of the variety flandr. The head of these representatives is quite large and powerful, and the length of the ears is about 18 centimeters. The body has a slightly elongated shape and may be about 61 centimeters in length. Limbs quite thick, long and large. The average weight of adult rabbits is 5 kilograms, but there are representatives whose weight can reach 6.3 kilograms. The fecundity of the rabbits of this species is very large, since in one litter one can often count about 9 young rabbits. At the same time the rabbits of this species very carefully look after their own babies.
If you take a huge crawl of this variety, then as a result you can get a skin with fur of impressive size. The original color of the fur of these rabbits is completely completed by the age of 8 months. Appreciate this variety for excellent pubescence. In the process of making all kinds of fur products, the skins of these rabbits are fully used. As for the breeding zone of this species, most often it can be found on the territory of farms that are located in Tatarstan. Today, farms are actively engaged in improving the quality of the fur from rabbits.
Features of the fiery black rabbit species
This type of rabbits first appeared in 1880 in Great Britain. In order to obtain this unique breed, several different species of rabbits were involved in the selection process. Among them were the Dutch breed, the Belgian and the silvery variety of rabbits. The first results of the fiery black rabbit, which turned out to be a result of the crossing, were not quite as expected. They were small and quite aggressive. In the process of breeding, they were distinguished by a very high capriciousness and low survivability. The situation radically changed when a kind of Belgian giant was involved in the process of crossing. Thanks to such a crossing, the fiery black rabbit became much calmer, the vitality of this species became much higher, and it became easier to adapt to the external environment of this breed.
As for the features that are taken into account in the process of breeding this breed, fur with an amazing color is considered particularly valuable in this species. Naturally, the meat of this rabbit is very tasty and tender, but, unfortunately, it is very small. Therefore, bred this type only to obtain valuable fur. If we consider the size of this representative, it is not very large, unlike other rabbit breeds. On average, the weight ranges from 2.7 kilograms to 3.5 kilograms. The constitution of the body of this species is rather pampered, since the body and head are relatively small. On the head are small and rather short ears. The fecundity of rabbits is quite high, since they can produce about 7 rabbits in a single cycle.
General description of the appearance
Viennese black rabbits have a wide body, and in the front. And in the back of it. A strong chest smoothly flows into a powerful strong neck, topped with a large head and rounded ears, an average of 12 centimeters in length, on the tips of which thick wool grows. If we consider the structure of the body of these animals from the point of view of proportionality, then the head for such a body is a bit large. The back is rather smooth, slightly rounded in the back, which gives the body of the Viennese black krol a beautiful cat-like bend. The forelimbs are straight, of short length, the hind limbs are larger and are also located in parallel, without curvature and clubfoot. Tail - small, tight to the body.
These animals can even be called elegant. Individuals whose body is short and clumsy are culled.
The coat of these animals in their shade is somewhat similar to the raven's wing. The color is uniform throughout the body, the underfoot is thick.
The average weight of adults of this breed is 5 kilograms.
Rabbits of black-brown breed
This is a purely domestic breed bred in the times of the Soviet Union. Pere Soviet breeders were given the task of breeding rabbits, which are well tolerated by the difficult climatic conditions of the middle zone of our country, without losing their productive qualities. Color requirements arose because of the high demand for fox fur products from silver fox, and animals with the same color were very necessary for our fur industry.
To perform the tasks applied method of interbreeding.
The ancestors of the breed were the Flandre, White Giant and Vienna Blue rabbits.
Breeding work was carried out from 1942 to 1948, the year in which the standard of the breed of black-brown rabbits was officially approved. The painstaking work of the Soviet rabbit breeders made it possible to obtain unusually thick fur - about 24,000 hairs on one square centimeter of skin, and also to perform the main task - to get the black-brown color of the coat.
Rabbit black-brown breed
Description of the appearance of the breed
These animals can be called quite large.
The live weight of an adult purebred male can reach up to seven kilograms, and the average value is five kilos.
These animals are characterized by a powerful physique, a dense and thick fur coat, a slightly elongated body, and a wide chest and powerful back. They are clearly visible under their breasts. The size of the head is proportional to the body. Ears - upright and long. The paws are muscular, straight and long.
Fur cover is a very thick, beautiful black-brown color, and the length of wool fibers is medium. The texture is of high quality (for one hair spine - almost 50 fibers of fluff).
The undercoat is blue. The guard hairs are unevenly colored, lighter towards the center and darker at the edges. The lateral part of the dorsal region is darker than the rest of the body.
General breed description
These rodents can not boast of large dimensions. Their average weight varies from 2.7 to 3.5 kilograms. The body is wide, the back is beautiful and flat, the paws are correctly set and very strong. Head size is small. Ears - upright. The chest is deep, but not very wide.
The brightest distinguishing feature of this breed is its color. It really is a combination of a deep black back with a bright red (fiery) color brooch and the inner surface of the ears.
White or light hairs are considered to be a breed marriage. Black color - shines, giving these animals a unique bright appearance.
Of course, black individuals are found in other rabbit breeds, but for these three, black is the distinctive color of the breed.
Experienced breeders prefer to breed large rabbits. The animals have a great weight and endurance. At the same time require special conditions of detention. Their average weight is 5-10 kilograms. Grown for meat and skins.
Belgian Flandre - Ancestor of domestic large breeds. The exact origin is unknown. It is believed that it was bred by crossing the Flemish breed with the Argentine (or Patagonian). It is the most common breed worldwide.
The photos breed Belgian Flandr
It has a large massive head and long wide ears. The body is elongated, the ears stand vertically. The length of the ears is up to 25 centimeters, with a black border along the edges. The head is large with characteristic rounded cheeks. Chest wide, girth 35-45 centimeters. The back between the shoulder blades and hips is concave. The length of an adult individual is up to 65 centimeters.
Weight from 6 to 10 kilograms and more. The body is covered with thick and long hair (up to 3.5 cm). The color is dark gray, black, blue or silver, white, sandy, gray-red. The female gives birth to 8-15 babies. The animal is calm and intelligent, not distinguished by aggressiveness towards the representatives of its own species and man.
Gray giant launched in Ukraine. Were crossed Flemish breed and purebred animals. The resulting individuals are resistant to local climate.
In the photos above the breed of rabbits Gray Giant
Elongated head with straight, fleshy ears. The chest is wide, covering 35-40 centimeters. Body length 55-66 centimeters. The croup is broad and rounded. The limbs are long. The weight of an adult individual is 4-7 kilograms. Wool is medium length, thin. Color gray (hare) with shades of red or black. The female gives birth to an average of 8 babies per okrol. The breed tolerates small cages and low air temperatures.
White giant originally from Belgium. Domestic, more resistant to climate, the breed is bred by crossing the Belgian with the Soviet chinchilla and the Gray Giant. Typical albino with reddish eyes and snow white fur.
Photo of White Giant rabbits
Head is rounded with relatively small straight ears (up to 16 cm). The chest is wide, with a girth of 37-40 centimeters. Body length 60 centimeters. The croup is rounded. Limbs long, set wide. The average weight of an adult individual is 5-6 kilograms. The coat is very thick with a dense undercoat. For one okol 7-9 babies are born in the female. The breed does not tolerate content in cramped cages. It is grown mainly for skins.
Rabbit meat breeds are attractive because of their precocity and unpretentiousness. Most of them are suitable for breeding at home. For tender and tasty meat they are often called broiler meat.
California crawl appeared as a result of crossing several European breeds.
Photo - California Crawl
Adults differ in small head and relatively short body. Ears short (up to 11 cm), stand upright. Nose with a pronounced crook. The eyes are red. The croup is round and wide - here is the most meaty part of the body. The limbs are also short. The skeleton is thin and light. The musculature is well developed.
The fur is thick and not long. The color is white. The nose, ears, paws and tail are brown or black. The average weight is from 4 to 5 kilograms. Gain weight before the age of five months. Females give birth to an average of 8 babies per okol. Breed distinguishes resistance to low and high temperatures. Bred in the northern regions, and in the arid steppes.
Soviet chinchilla bred by crossing two breeds: the domestic White giant and the French Chinchilla.
Breed Soviet chinchilla
In adults, the body is compact with a rounded back. Medium sized head with upright ears. The chest is wide, covering 37-44 centimeters. The body reaches a length of 67 to 70 centimeters. Limbs strong, straight. The average weight of 4-5 pounds. Weights of 4 kilograms of young individuals reach four months.
The fur is thick with a dense undercoat. Color dark gray with a blue tint. The fur on the inside of the legs and abdomen is lighter. A characteristic feature is the uneven color of each guard hair (there is a transition from a dark gray shade below to a silver white above). The guides on the ends are black. In general, the fur has a moire color, shimmering in the light. Females bring from 8 or more babies per okrol. Breed ripening and hardy, not afraid of cold weather.
Black brown krol bred by crossing three breeds: the White giant, Flandre and the Vienna blue.
The head is massive with long wide ears (up to 18 centimeters long). The chest is wide, covering 37 centimeters. The body is up to 61 centimeters long. Croup rounded, fleshy. The limbs are long, thick. The fur is furry, with thick characteristic black-brown hair. Pooh is bluish. Head and back black. The sides of the animal are painted unevenly. The average weight of an adult individual is from 5 to 7 kilograms. Females bring in 8 or more babies per okrol. Breed valuable original color skins.
Silver bred by breeding representatives of the breed Champagne. Domestic breed differs fertility and precocity.
Breed rabbits Silver with photos
The head is in adults of medium size with small erect ears. Chest circumference 36 centimeters. Torso length 57 centimeters. Limbs strong, set wide. Weight from 4 to 6 kilograms. The skin is well pubescent, light or dark silver color. The intensity of the color depends on the ratio of black (guide) and guard (black and white) hair. Lighter animals become four months old. Breed differs in resistance to weather conditions of an average strip.
Representatives of domestic breeds of rabbits can be kept outside (for meat and fur) or at home - in a special cage.. Outside in cold weather, the animals may freeze. House cage lined with sawdust or straw, which is regularly changed. Walking the apartment can not be an animal! It with pleasure gnaws upholstery of furniture, wires and other home decoration. Rabbits of these breeds can be trained to defecate in a tray with a special filler.
Butterfly. This English breed was originally considered decorative. Later, representatives of the breed were crossed with Flandrom and Vienna Blue. Hybrids are grown to produce skins.
In adults, a compact body with a small head, short erect ears. Body length 56-58 centimeters. Chest and back wide. The limbs are long. Skeleton strong with well-developed muscles. The fur is short and thick. The main color of the skin is white. A characteristic feature is the presence of black-brown spots. The nose, ears and neck are black. In the center of the back is a dark band. Weight up to 4.5 pounds and more. The female is fertile, brings up to 8 babies for one okrol.
Viennese blue - The result of the crossing of the Flandra and Moravian blue rocks. Uhthat hybrid can be attributed to endangered species.
Photo- Vienna Blue
Тело сложено пропорционально. Голова аккуратная с прямыми закругленными на концах ушами. Спина широкая. Туловище средних размеров с округлым крупом. Конечности прямые, крепкие. Мех густой, окрашенный равномерно в сизо-голубой цвет. Внутренняя поверхность ушей светлая. Средний вес 4,5 килограмма. Самка рожает за один окрол до 9 малышей. Порода ценится за большое содержание пуха – шкурка чрезвычайно нежная и мягкая.
The Baran breed currently has several species of rabbits. Bred the main breed in England.
The main difference is the long ears hanging down freely. The length of such unusual ears is from 18 to 72 centimeters. The size of an adult can be both miniature and large. The body is compact, the limbs are short. Color depends on the specific type. There are black, blue, spotted, red and other colors. The length and density of fur also varies depending on the type. Large representatives weigh from 4 to 8 kilograms. They are grown for skins and meat. The weight of dwarf species is on average from 1.5 to 3 kilograms. Such animals are kept in the apartments as a pet.
Ermine breed come from England. In our country, imported at the beginning of the last century.
The body in adults is not long (up to 52 centimeters). The head is rounded with erect ears. Chest circumference 29-34 centimeters. The back is arched, croup rounded. Limbs straight. The fur is thick. The main body color is white. The tip of the nose, paws, ears, and tail are black or brown. The average weight is from 3 to 4 kilograms. The female brings up to 8 babies per okol. Breed unpretentious to the conditions of detention. Valued for beautiful fur. To improve the appearance of the animals bathed with the addition of a special shampoo.
Soviet Marder created by crossing two breeds: Gornostaeva and Chinchilla.
The body length in adults is up to 50 centimeters. Chest wide, covering 31 centimeters. Limbs tight and relatively short. The head is small with erect ears. The fur is short and thick. Body brownish. Paws, muzzle, back and tail is always a darker shade. The average weight is from 3 to 4.2 kilograms. The female gives birth to 7 babies per okol. Fur adult animals has a high content of fluff.
Rex breed appeared as a result of the natural mutation of Flandra.
The body of adults is compact with rounded croup. The head is small. The characteristic difference is underdeveloped whiskers. They are much shorter than any other breed. The ears are fleshy and erect. Limbs of medium length. Weight from 3 to 5 kilograms. The fur is thick and dense, but very short (plush). Curly hairs are found only on the neck and abdomen. The color is chestnut or brown with lighter spots. The breed is appreciated because of the beautiful skin. Animals differ in playfulness and tender temper. They are often kept in the apartment as pets.
Representatives of downy breeds are distinguished by long and thick fur. Both farmers and amateur breeders contain them.
Angora downy breed widespread in Europe. It includes many long-haired species.
Homeland main breed Turkey. It was from this country that animals were brought in the Middle Ages for sale in European cities. Among the nobility it was very popular to keep such rabbits as pets. In adults, the body is shortened, cylindrical. The head is small with short ears. The average weight of 3 kilograms. Color is the most diverse. Beige, gray and white colors prevail. The fur is thick and very long (up to 25 centimeters). He is being combed or sheared. Haircut is done every three months. With one animal get up to 200 grams of valuable fluff.
White Down Breed obtained by domestic rabbit breeders in the last century by breeding Angora breeds from Europe.
The animals are quite large, up to 54 centimeters long. The average weight of 4 kilograms. Body shape is compact, rounded. The limbs are short. The ears are small. Fur lengths up to 15 centimeters, different elasticity (not subject to sticking into tarts). The female gives birth to 7 babies for one okrol. Breed as much as possible adapted to our climate.
Usually, the breeds of ornamental rabbits are understood to be representatives of dwarf species, weighing from 0.5 to 2 kilograms. Such animals are settled in houses or apartments and kept as pets.
The length and color of rabbit fur depends on the breed. Color can be the most diverse: chestnut, black, red, white, blue. For each individual species, species of animals that differ in color are specially displayed.
Here are examples of the most prominent representatives of dwarf breeds.
Photo - Lion Head. The average price is 1500 rubles.
Photo - Japanese dwarf. Price from 3,000 to 5,000 rubles.
Photo - Fire dwarf. Price from 2000 to 4000 rubles.
Photo - Minilop. One of the most difficult breeding species. The cost of 5,000 rubles.