Planting and caring for bells
Infusion of bell rhizomes is used as an anti-ulcer and painkiller.
Bell broadleaf. Perennial height of more than 1 m. Flowering begins in June and lasts 2-2.5 months (especially in partial shade). Poor tolerates transplant.
To collect the seeds, the fruit (boxes) are cut when they turn brown, but before they open.
The bell in ancient times was considered a strong love spell. To attract a loved one, the girl tore at the flower at dawn, and then attached it to the shutter.
Watered very carefully, not allowing neither overwetting nor drying out. The bells of this group are susceptible to the chemical composition of the soil, heat, and fungal diseases. For them, wet, little snow winters are dangerous - they easily soak up.
All of these species have white-flowered forms, and the peach-colored ones have yellow-leaved varieties and a number of terry. Bells of this group give abundant self-seeding.
I have been growing different bells for two years. Platicotdon is the most popular. It is not difficult for me. This year, they very amicably rose, snapped up easily and got accustomed well. In the past, unsuccessfully picked up the ground. It seemed that he was watered, and, in fact, he did not hold water inside. And many plants are gone. Last year, sowed in January. Bloomed in the year of sowing. Beautifully bloomed
Weed off weeds,
In the first year, the plant forms a powerful root with a lush rosette of ovate-lanceolate leaves, and in the second year it blooms. During this period, the bush is almost completely covered with charming and spectacular bells.
Bluebell Carpathian Clips Deep White F1
The bells that grow in our area are perennial plants, they are cold-resistant, they tolerate shading and excessive moisture, but need protection from the wind.
Poultice and lotion of bell leaves cleanse the skin and disinfect wounds.
How to grow bells?
Many bells (for example, lacticolor, crowded, broadleaf, Carpathian, round-leaved) produce abundant self-seeding, and some (rapuntelyvidnyy, nettle-leaved) even “weed” and can spread throughout the site.
No need to tear wild bells. Bouquets of these flowers instantly wither and revive them by putting in the water, it is almost impossible.
Of the simplest ones, only the pale ocher bell (Campanula ochroleuca) and the round-leaved bell (Campanula rotundifolia) can be called a reduced and not so neat copy of the Carpathian.
The most sought after group.
The army was planted last year, in a box in a greenhouse, the seeds sprouted well, over the summer good bushes grew, but not yet bloomed
Growing bells from seeds
Water in a timely manner, especially during hot dry periods,
Graceful and large (up to 7 cm) flowers, like glasses of soft blue, bright blue, purple, pink, white, are collected in many-flowered loose inflorescences. Flowers can be both simple and unusual semi-double or terry. Under favorable conditions, flowering is quite lush and long (June-August).
The vegetative shoots left to collect the seeds are cut when the bolls are browned, but before opening the pores, otherwise the seeds will fall out and will be lost. And in late September or early October, all the stems are cut at the root.
Maintenance conditions and care for bells
Bluebells prefer soils rich in organic matter.
When cold cattle is recommended to give grass bells.
On Earth, there are more than 300 species of various bells, and all of them are grassy plants. In the European part of our country you can count about 15 of their varieties growing in the wild.
It is better to divide the bushes at the beginning of May or in August-September, so that the plants have time to take root before the onset of frost. The rhizomes are cut, leaving several buds on each part.
- The bell crowded in the people was called grass (influx - disease) and used in medicinal collections. The plant has anti-inflammatory properties, contains vitamins B and C. For medicinal purposes, stalks and leaves are harvested. Infusion is used for rinsing in inflammatory processes in the oral cavity. A glass of boiling water pour 2 tsp. dry grass, insist 15 min. and filter. You can take inside and 1-2st.l. on an empty stomach two or three times a day until complete relief of inflammation.
- Those who like to tinker with plants and have a properly equipped rock garden on the site can afford to plant a gargan bell (S. garganica), Kemularia (Campanula kemulariae), Osh (Campanula aucheri), Porthenschlag (Campanula portenschlagiana), Pozharsky (Campanula poscharskyana) ), dark (Campanula pulla), spoon-leaved (Campanula cochleariifolia) and its hybrid bell Heilodja (Campanula x haylodgensis) with their wonderful terry varieties.
- It includes plants that can live in a flower garden and fight for light, water and food with equally active companions.
- From the seeds she grew bells-platicadon blue, Carpathian blue and white, and a tiny cake-on bag was written in a mold-shaped white. Everything has already blossomed. I do not know, however, how my rastyuha will spend the winter. Grown in pills. It's easier, because the seeds are small and you watch them at home. And in the garden I just buried a pill and that's it. The truth turned out assorted from the Carpathian, two in one and white and blue. So let it grow! I love bells! A few years ago I grew a cup with a saucer. Sowed and in the second year 4 colors bloomed. And then they poured themselves and bloomed in general in other colors. In the fourth year, it was already some kind of painfully pale. We still have to buy the seeds of such bells. Thank you, prompted. Painfully spectacular plants are large, bright, beautiful flowers! Immediately striking.
- Long flowering stems to the extent of regrowth to tie to a strong support,
Application in the garden
In August and September, the fruit-boxes with small seeds of gray-brown color ripen. After dropping seeds, the life cycle of the medium bell ends. However, next spring, on the condition of a warm winter, flower stalks may appear from the root neck of the plant, but they will be weaker than last year and will not give full and abundant flowering.
Who grew from seed-bells (garden. Carpathian), the army. Happened? How troublesome is this? Seedlings or in the ground?
The bells are usually propagated by sowing seeds in open ground and vegetatively - by dividing the bush, segments of rhizomes, root suckers.
They multiply by seeds, cuttings and division of the bush. A perennial bell can be dug in the forest in spring or autumn and transferred to the site, and the one-year-old bell can be simply grown from seeds.
Both Russian and Latin name of this plant indicates the similarity of a flower with a bell.
If the root is taproot, longitudinal slices with a pair of buds are cut off from it, slices are covered with coal and dried. Due to the threat of decay, it is not worth multiplying valuable specimens in this way. They can be grafted: early spring, tear off a young shoot with a heel, sprinkle with “Kornevin” and land in a greenhouse for rooting.
Whatever your flower garden, from such a variety of bells you can always choose the desired type.
Faded flowers must be plucked in order to prolong flowering and preserve the decorativeness of the plant for as long as possible.
As a rule, all biennials with small seeds are grown through seedlings. It is desirable to sow them in the spring (end of April-May) or in the middle of summer in the seedling boxes filled with prepared soil. The ideal soil mixture is humus soil, turf soil, coarse sand (6: 3: 1).
Varieties and types of bells
Bologna bell grows on edges among bushes or on slopes. It is a perennial with spindle-like root system and a straight or slightly branched stem. Leaflets are ovate, pointed, rough, and pubescent from below.
Depending on weather conditions, the bell grows up to one and a half meters. Flowers are not large, light blue in color, single or collected in groups in the axils of the leaves, creating a raceme-like inflorescences.
Forms buds in June, the flowering period occurs from July to early August. Flowering lasts about two weeks, some plants continue their flowering period due to lateral stems. The number of flowers is very high up to about a hundred, and sometimes more.
Seeds are harvested in August. The flower bell is very well propagated by self-sowing. If you want to plant these flowers in your garden, then you should sow the seeds for the winter period. This species is very dry. I grow it on a rocky hill.
He is also a resident of forests, shrubs and slopes. Flowers solitary or collected on two to four in the sinus of leaves, creating a raceme-like inflorescences. Plant height does not exceed one meter. Flowering occurs a little earlier than the Bologna, but the flowering period is longer.
In favorable conditions, re-flowering is possible. Seeds ripen in August. The boxes are collected before drying. These bells in the garden are not capricious to the ground, but they like more humid and quiet places. Looks very good near the reservoirs.
Round bellflower distributed in pine forests, on the slopes among shrubs. The height of the stalk is from ten to fifty centimeters. Flowers are single or are placed on two to three at the tops of voluminous stems.
These garden bells begin vegetation before other species, flowering period occurs in June. Flowering lasts the entire summer. Boxes need to be collected several times, because in the presence of mature fruits of the plant stops the flowering period.
It is better to sow the seeds of round-leaf bells for the winter period. Try to scatter the seeds randomly and planting will surprise you with thick, spreading and refined stems that will form a green feather bed, equipped with small leaves and exquisite flowers.
Hand bell peach
It grows in forests, but forest onions are the most favorite habitats. It is possible to meet them on poor soils of pine forests, but they do not create clumps here, but they grow alone with two three flowers on weak stalks. And in the groves, next to the powerful oaks, the bells are especially luxurious.
They awaken later than other species, but their flowering period begins earlier. At the end of June, seeds are already ripening, which can be easily poured through the holes that are in the upper part of the fruit. This type gives a very good self-seeding. Flowering occurs in the second year. They differ from other species in the size of flowers and drought resistance.
This perennial plant has a straight, simple stem with milk juice. The leaflets are bare, toothed, and the basal leaflets are elongated, the stem is sessile. Flowers are large, solitary, or gathered in a brush, blue, and sometimes white.
Bellflower onion loves forests, shrubs and slopes, limestone outcrops, as well as vacant lots and roadsides. This perennial with a thick branching stem up to a meter. The whole plant is covered with rough short hairs. Radical and lower stem leaflets are located on long petioles, cordate-ovate, upper lanceolate, sitting with teeth. Forms up to ten flowers on short pedicels in a raceme-like inflorescence of purple color. Cups hairy with bent away teeth. Wreath more cup, funnel-like.
In the garden, the height of this plant can reach two meters, it can be up to one hundred and fifty flowers in the inflorescence. The bell plant grows at the end of March, blooms in June and July. You can propagate it by dividing the bush or seeds. Seeds ripen in July August.
Sow better under the winter period. The plant gives self-seeding. Seeds are more germinating, but need a period of rest. In the first year, a rosette with several leaves and a tap root appears. The following year, a stem and creeping underground shoots appear from this outlet, which give rise to new plants. Vegetative reproduction continues from year to year, and with time the bells cover a very large area.
It grows in the woods, on the forest edges, they live well on dry onions. Perennial plant with a thick, almost tree-like rhizome and a straight simple stalk, often reddish and pubescent. Upper leaflets narrow, and lower ovate-elongated. Dark purple flowers collected in the inflorescence of the head in the axils of the upper leaves. The height of the plant is twenty-fifty centimeters, sometimes higher. They appear in early spring, flowering occurs in June, and the seeds ripen in August.
The bell crowded like dry places, look very beautiful in groups. Young basal leaves contain milk juice, they are used together with sauerkraut for soups. Infusion of leaves used in traditional medicine for sore throat and lotions in the form of skin diseases. Good honey plant.
Broadlea bell unpretentious perennial. This is the most decorative bells. Flowers of large size, light purple, collected in inflorescences. The height of the plant is from seventy to one hundred and fifty centimeters.
Flowering occurs in the second year. Begins to grow in early April. The budding phase begins at the beginning of June, and at the end of the same month the flowering period begins. The stalks are straight. Flowers bell-shaped, which are in the axils of the upper leaves and collected in densely spiciform cluster.
Flowering occurs until the end of July. Seeds ripen in September. Autumn sowings give good shoots in the spring period. It blooms in open sunny places. Soil is better to use sandy and loamy.
General information about domestic bells
The varieties of the bell of the Carpathian, such as Thorpedo with flowers of purple color, as well as its white-flowered variety Alba, already belong to domestic plants. And since recent times, the analogy of the bride and groom, with densely terry pink flowers, has appeared on the flower market.
These innovations are represented by the blue and white forms of the hybrid bell, obtained by crossing the spoonbells and the Carpathian bells, which are known for dwarf ground cover plants for outdoor use.
At the expense of the compactness of the bells should make a reservation. Since almost all plants that go on sale in flower shops are treated with retardants, these are substances that slow down plant growth. As a result of which, the plants have the appearance of a rather dense and dense turf, while forming their shoots with shortened internodes, and flowering occurs with a hat. At the end of the action of the drug, the plant returns to its natural form of growth, after which it becomes more loose.
In my opinion, there is nothing wrong with that. Since the bride and groom grow, even without treatment with chemistry, like ampelous plants. Approximately the same look have terry bells that look very nice in hanging pots. Flowering is very abundant. And individual flowers are kept for about five seven days, but when you consider the entire flowering period as a whole, it lasts quite a long time, which occurs between June and August.
Withered flowers, as well as shoots that have already completed their flowering period, it is advisable to remove. This simple technique gives the plant a stimulus to the formation of new buds, and also contributes to the prolongation of the flowering period.
Top dressing bell Carpathian
The plant needs regular fertilizing with organic and mineral fertilizers, for abundant flowering, which should be carried out once a couple of weeks.
An important condition for these plants, in room conditions, is wintering with a cool content at a sufficiently high level of illumination. Optimally fit glazed loggia with a low, but still positive temperature.
Description: Varieties and Varieties
Looking at the bell crowded, it seems that nature itself has collected bouquets of amazing beauty. Dense 60 cm stalks crowned with a magnificent hat of purple inflorescences. Dilute deep shade of purple and blue tones, interspersed with white. Small flowers, 3 cm, at least 20 pieces.
On sites there are many varieties:
- "Dwarf". Low stems 20 cm justify the name of the variety - "Gnome". Lush dark purple buds form a thick cloud, through which it is impossible to make out the stems.
- "Alba". The delicate inflorescences of a white bell are swaying in the wind, and it seems that a crystal chime is about to be heard. Stems do not exceed 25 cm, the buds grow quickly, replacing fading flowers. The bush grows heavily.
- "Caroline". Proudly and vividly rises above the rest of the inhabitants of the flower bed. Carolina stems grow up to 60 cm, lilac or blue buds.
- "Blue." Large azure flowers and straight (60 cm) stems.
- Superba. Inflorescence up to 2.5 cm, in the form of a crown of deep blue-violet tones. Stems up to 60 cm.
- «Bellefleur blue/white» — синий и белый, закругленные соцветия и голые стебли высотой 25 см.
Уход: посадка, удобрение и подкормка растения
Почва для колокольчика скученного не требует особенной подготовки, наоборот, сильно увлажнять не стоит, достаточно взрыхлить и удобрить известью и гумусом.
CouncilThe bell does not tolerate acidic soil, wood ash helps to neutralize the composition.
- With the help of lighting you can regulate the growing season: shaded areas contribute to late, but lush flowering.
- Watering. It is better to overdry a little, than to excessively moisten the soil.
- Feed the bell should be early, without waiting for the appearance of buds. Favorably perennial takes organics. A threefold fertilizer scheme is used. During flowering and after potassium sulfate is added.
- Transplantation is possible during the whole warm period. Even flowering is not an obstacle, but in this case the buds will have to be removed. When planning flowerbeds, it is recommended not to skimp on the square. The optimal stock will be 20 cm between the bushes.
- The bell adapts to a mild winter, but the plant is more easily tolerated in the shelter of the peat blanket. Autumn preparation is limited to cutting the stems at the root.
By division. This method is suitable for mature 4-year crops. It is necessary to carry out the procedure before the growing season or wait for it to end. The bush is dug out and the shoots are carefully removed from it - it will concentrate the strength of the plant on rooting. The roots are divided, new bushes are buried in shallow holes. The final step is watering.
Cuttings. Shoots with buds are cut, divided by 3 cm, the sections are dried. The cuttings are planted in a sand-peat mixture, it is recommended to water with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. The seedling is covered, and after 20 days the bells are ready for planting. For the period of formation of rhizomes should be preferred spraying.
Seeds. It is sown immediately in open ground, just wait for the settled warm weather. The soil should be well dug, 5 cm grooves made 20 cm apart. The prepared wells are watered, but the water should not stand. Seeds mixed with dry sand and buried.
Diseases and pests
The threat to the bell comes from two fronts: long growing in one place and insects.
In the first case, dangerous:
- Fusarium The reasons lie in the infection of the soil or seeds. The bell is rotting from the roots. It is necessary to fight the fungus immediately, because the plant quickly dies. Processing fungicides allows you to stop the spread of microorganisms. Well proved "Fundazol".
- Sclerotinia The alert signal is white bloom. Crop rotation, complete digging and merciless removal of all infected bell bushes helps.
- Botrytiosis. It is easier to carry out prevention than to fight. Spores seize the leaves and spread rapidly, leading to large losses. Botrytis will not appear during regular spraying with compounds of copper sulfate and green soap (2 / 20g) or Bordeaux mixture (15%).
Against the background of the fight against deep-seated infections, the danger from insects does not seem so strong. But you should not underestimate them. Insecticides will help to cope with spider mites, caterpillars and slugs.
Combination with other plants
Designers often use sophisticated bells to soften the landscape mood and make them ephemeral. As most varieties continue to bloom in the shade, various planting combinations are possible.
Attention! The bells do not lose their decorative effect due to the leaves, therefore they are often used to maintain the well-groomed look of the flower bed during the “rest” period of other flowers.
- Bells with long stems look good on large flowerbeds. They form the center of the composition, while not overshadowing other plants, often coexist with stonecrop or pansies, various cereals.
- Borders are brightly decorated with low grades of bells, and compositions for alpine slides are made.
- Uneven areas visually smoothed by a combination of planting of high and low varieties of bluebells.
- The azure-purple gamma of bluebells looks advantageous in combination with contrasting daisies.
- Veronica in the vicinity of the bells creates an atmosphere of a gentle elf garden.
A crowded bell adorns not only the garden plots, often there are compositions with it in city parks. Grassy perennial does not lose its effectiveness even after flowering. Oblong smooth leaves for a long time provide a decorative look to the representative of the Bellflower family.
And what kind of bell grow you in the garden?
The bells are crowded (in Latin Campanula glomerata) have another name - the bells are national teams. This plant of the genus Bell and belonging to the family Kolokolchikovyh.
They have single stems from 20 to 100 centimeters high, covered with silvery fluff, sometimes bare, gray-green or reddish.
Leaves ovoid or oblong-lanceolate. Flowers light purple, blue, deep purple or white, up to 3 centimeters in length, collected in a spherical inflorescence at the very top of the stems.
The crowded bells are perennials, start flowering from the very beginning of summer and finish in the first half of September. The culture is not demanding to care, resistant to pests, is not sensitive to low temperatures and is able to tolerate a temporary lack of moisture.
The healing properties of this flower are known, therefore in folk medicine it is used as an anti-inflammatory, sedative and anesthetic for headaches, inflammations of the mouth and throat, as well as for a hoarse voice.
Distribution and habitat
Under natural conditions, these flowers grow everywhere: in forest glades, in the field and in the meadows among the forbs. The areas of these flowers are vast territories: from the Iranian state to Japan, as well as Europe and North America.
Popular varieties of crowded bell
There are several varieties of a crowded bell that gardeners love to use in landscape design; they differ among themselves in a different palette of shades. Below we give some varieties of this flower and briefly describe their varietal characteristics.
"Gnome" (Campanula glomerata "Dwarf").
The plant is short, 20 centimeters in height, with elongated and heart-shaped, matt leaves covered with fluff. From the stem leaves many processes. The bell "Gnome" has a dark purple funnel-shaped flowers, gathered in dense piles.
This variety is surprisingly winter hardy and unpretentious to growth conditions. It should be watered only with prolonged high temperatures. The flower loves lime and complex mineral fertilizers.
This flower also has a low stem, 20-25 centimeters. White flowers with short pedicels collected in the apical and axillary capitate inflorescences of about 20 pieces. When the inflorescences fade, the stalks fall away with the rosettes of the basal leaves.
Before the old rosettes die, many new ones appear, and flowering continues until autumn. These bells can grow strongly in flowerbeds than they are able to drown out the planting of other flowers.
Plants love a location where there is a lot of sun, and the soil for them should be slightly damp, light and fertilized with humus and lime. White bell looks good in mixborders, in flowerpots and alpine slides.“Carolina” (Campanula glomerata “Caroline”).
This flower will be a little taller than the two previous brethren, with a height of 30 to 60 centimeters, with pubescent stems and leaves. The leaves have an ovate-oblong or ovate-lanceolate form, with teeth on the edges, on the stem are arranged in turn on both sides.
The flowers can be light purple or blue, two-centimeter in diameter, made up in apical axillary capitate inflorescences numbering up to 20 pieces.
Flowering lasts from June to July for 35 days in open and sunny places. Bells "Carolina" prefer loose, light and fertilized soil. Usually they are planted in mixborders or planting in groups, as well as for cutting.“Blue” (Campanula glomerata “Blue”).
The height of these bells reaches from 30 to 60 centimeters. They have erect, bare or pubescent stems, on which smooth and elliptical leaves grow. Bell-shaped, two-centimeter flowers of bright blue color, on top of the stems are combined into inflorescences up to 6 centimeters in length, in the form of a ball.
Blue bell blooms in June and blooms for two months. He likes good lighting, acceptable and partial shade. The soil should be neutral, fertile and drained. The plant does not tolerate lowlands. In winter, it is hardy, to the growing conditions and to the soil - no complaints.Bellefleur Blue, blue (Campanula glomerata Bellefleur blue) and Bellefour White, white (Campanula glomerata Bellefleur white).
These are two color varieties of one variety of a bell crowded with white and blue bell-shaped inflorescences. Stems are from 20 to 25 centimeters high, erect, bare or in fluff hairs. On the stems are elliptical sheets with a smooth surface.
The flowers are arranged in the form of spherical inflorescences. Flowering period - from June to August. The grade - frost-resistant, is suitable for disembarkation in containers or flowerpots to 3 liters.Blue or composite blue "Superba" (Campanula glomerata "Superba").
Perennial with stems from 40 to 60 centimeters tall, with bright, blue-violet flowers in diameter up to 2.5 cm, forming capitated inflorescences. Leaves are dark green, smooth, elliptical, having small setae below. The flowering period is July-August.
Blossoming plentiful and long. Frost-resistant. The plant loves both lighted areas of beds, and partial shade. The soil requires fertile, neutral or slightly acidic, with good drainage and moisture.
The bells of this variety look good in rockeries, on Moorish lawns, in rabatkah, as well as in the form of curb fences. Due to the rich blue color they look beautiful in rosaries.
Use in landscape design
Due to the fact that all varieties of crowded bell are very decorative, they are used with pleasure in landscape design in garden plots, as well as in parks and squares in the urban area.
The bells can be used for any mixed plantings, since with their romantic flowers they can add pieces of touching tenderness and simplicity to any composition.
- higher varieties, such as "Carolina", "Blue", "Superba", are better planted in the most central part of the flower beds or bed-beds, they will also look spectacular under the canopy of trees,
- those varieties of bells that are smaller (Belle Blut, Belfleur White and others) can be used in group plantings, in the form of borders, placed on a rocky hill and in the thickets of roses,
- even the farthest corners of the garden can be decorated with tall plants, creating fringing strokes of the plot. It will be advantageous to look a combination of bells of different shades, for example, white and dark purple,
- Alpine hills and rock arias can be decorated with low varieties, where alternating bright blue, white, purple and blue shades against the background of decorative stones will create a wonderful mood,
- in the landscape design of a garden plot or a park, the bell crowded is perfectly combined with other “neighbors”: stonecrop, Veronica, Zelenchuk, yasnotka, daisies, pansies, nivyanik and cereals.
Growing at home
When growing a bell crowded at home, there is no particular difficulty, as this flower is unpretentious and can adapt to any conditions of life. It is important to remember that large buds, their long flowering and decorative appearance throughout the warm period depend on the creation of comfortable conditions for the culture.
Therefore, if you observe all the subtleties of growing bells at home, good results can be achieved. Further we will talk about these subtleties.
Soil and fertilizer
The composition of the soil bells crowded not very demanding, so they can grow on any soil.
Yet there are a number of basic rules:
- Neutral or weakly alkaline soils are best for planting crops,
- in no case should you plant flowers in clay soils with close groundwater flow, otherwise in winter the plants are at risk of freezing,
- the bell will grow well and develop well also on loamy soils,
- if you have a heavy black soil at the site, it can be diluted with humus and sand. If the soil is poorer, then add turf soil and fertilizer to it.
Now let's talk directly about fertilizers suitable for growing bells:
- your flowers will perfectly respond to the introduction of rotten manure and superphosphate into the soil,
- it is not recommended to bring fresh manure and peat into the soil for plants, as this threatens them with fungal diseases,
- if the soil in your area is fertile, it is enough sometimes to add wood ash to it. This advice is also suitable for a soil with a weak acid reaction,
- it is necessary to fertilize the soil from the calculation: no more than 5-10 g of mineral fertilizers per meter linear,
- top dressing of a plant should be carried out three times a season: before the beginning of flowering, during the period of blooming and after.
Watering and moisture
For bells, a temporary lack of moisture is not terrible, the main thing is to remember that plants cannot be subjected to prolonged drought. Watering should be moderate, as the soil dries.
A faster propagation of bluebells is vegetative, in which a 3-4-year-old bush is divided into separate parts. There is another way - grafting. Now we will tell about each method separately.
The division into parts is as follows:
- In early May or in the last decade of August (the beginning and end of the growing season) it is necessary to dig out mother bushes.
- To reduce water transpiration and improve the rooting of future individual plants on uterine bushes, all shoots should be cut off.
- Divide the rhizomes into parts.
- To land the resulting delenki in prepared wells, without unnecessarily digging the plants into the ground.
- Water the planting material.
- If you want to divide the main bushes into smaller parts, then you can plant them not in the ground, but in containers for growing to the desired size.
The cutting is done like this:
- Cut from the shoots of bellflower cuttings of 3 cm, so that each of them had 1-2 buds.
- Dry cuts for 30 minutes.
- Fill with washed perlite or with a mixture of sand and peat a multi-cell plate for planting material.
- Plant cuttings of 3 plants per cell.
- Water the seedlings with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Watering should not be frequent, as the soil moisture is well preserved under polyethylene, and spraying - periodic. The root system of the cuttings is fully formed in 20 days.
Relation to temperature
Virtually all types of bell crowded winter-hardy, while maintaining low temperatures down to minus 40 degrees. In the more southern latitudes, plants for the winter can not be covered.
If in your region the winters are harsh, then in the fall, in order to prevent the flowers from freezing, the bushes cut by the root can be poured with dry leaves or peat, and you can also cover them with spruce leaves.
Possible difficulties in growing
Special difficulties in growing these flowers are not observed. In addition to the above requirements for illumination, moisture and temperature regimes, these plants need regular weeding, loosening the soil, as well as the timely removal of faded shoots.
Another thing you need to pay attention to when growing this crop is diseases and pests.
Pests, diseases and prevention
It can be said that the bell clouded is resistant to diseases and harmful insects.
But if plants grow for a long time in the same place in your garden, then there is a threat of such diseases as:
- fusarium— focal disease of plants caused by fungi of the genus Fusarium. The source of infection is affected soil and seeds. In this disease, the root collar and the roots themselves rot. Fabrics become brown, the stem becomes thinner, the leaves begin to turn yellow, after which the plant dies. Fusarium control method - treatment of flowering plants with azo-containing fungicides, such as Fundazole,
- sclerotinia, or white rot— these are marsupials, striking white flowers, stem and leaves. The source of infection is contaminated soil. Measures to combat the disease will be the observance of crop rotation, digging up the soil in the fall and the destruction of diseased plants,
- botrytiosis, or gray rot— microscopic botrytis mushrooms. Symptoms of defeat - the leaves of plants are completely covered with spots containing spores of the fungus. A preventive measure can be spraying every 14 days with a mixture of 2 g of copper sulphate and 20 g of green soap (insecticide against pests). The use of 1.5% Bordeaux liquid will also be effective.
There are also such enemies of bells as harmful insects:
From each pest there are insecticidal preparations that can be purchased in specialized stores.
Summing up the above, we emphasize that if you follow all simple measures for planting, caring for and preventing diseases in crowded bells, these unpretentious plants are perfect for lovers of ornamental garden crops who do not have much time to constantly care for their garden.
Planting and caring for bells (in brief)
- Landing: Sowing seeds in open ground - in October or in May. Sowing seeds for seedlings in March, planting seedlings in open ground in late May or early June.
- Bloom: in different terms - depending on the type and variety.
- Lighting: generally bright sunshine. In the genus there are only a few shade-loving species.
- The soil: any, even stony and calcareous, but best of all drained loam of a neutral or slightly alkaline reaction.
- Watering: moderate and only in the dry season.
- Garter: tall varieties require support.
- Top dressing: on thawed snow - nitrogen fertilizer, in the period of budding - full mineral complex.
- Reproduction: annuals are only seeds, biennials are seeds and spring cuttings. Perennials can be propagated by parts of rhizome, root cuttings, stolons, dividing the bush, but when seed reproduction they do not retain varietal traits.
- Pests: drooling pennits, slugs.
- Diseases: fusarium, botrytis, sclerotinia.
Flowers bells description
The most common are perennial bells, rarely - biennial and annual. The leaves of the bells are alternate, the bell-shaped flowers of blue, white and various shades of purple are gathered in a racemose or paniculate inflorescences. Sometimes there are single flowers. The fruit is a box with 4-6 slit-like holes. The bell plant can be short, medium tall and tall.
The seeds of bluebells do not require advance preparation before sowing. They can be sown directly into the ground in May or towards the winter in October. But if you want them to bloom as early as this year, sow them in March for seedlings. Since the seeds are very small, they are laid out on the surface of a light, loose, permeable substrate, previously well moistened and consisting of humus, soddy earth and coarse sand in a ratio of 3: 6: 1. Fertilizer in the substrate is not necessary. The seeds are lightly pressed to the ground, sprayed with water from the sprayer, and then cover the container with a film. Contain crops at a temperature of 18-20 ºC. Shoots may appear in two or three weeks.
As soon as the seeds begin to germinate, move the container to a bright place, protected from direct sunlight, remove the film and care for the seedlings of bells, like any other flower seedlings: water, when the top layer of the substrate dries, loosen the soil around the seedlings, and when they are finished three weeks and they will develop the first leaves, seedlings dive in a large container at a distance of 10 cm from each other. Two weeks after the picking, feed the seedlings with a liquid complex fertilizer in a low concentration
When to plant bells in the ground.
In the open ground, seedlings of bluebells are planted in late May or early June. Most of the bells are light-requiring, shade-loving species grown in culture, literally units, and can be recognized by the dark green color of the leaves. Dislikes bell drafts.
As for the soil, some species grow beautifully on stony ground, some on calcareous, however most of the species prefer neutral or slightly alkaline well-drained loamy soils. Bells are planted in the ground after its preliminary preparation: sand and humus are introduced into deep soils, and turf soil and fertilizers are brought to poor soils. Do not bring only fresh manure and peat, as this increases the risk of plant damage by fungal diseases.
How to plant bells in the ground.
Bells are planted in open places, away from bushes and trees, so that their roots can receive the necessary amount of moisture and nutrition. Low-growing bells are planted at a distance of 10-15 cm from each other, bells of medium height at a distance of 20-30 cm, and tall - with an interval of 40-50 cm. After planting, the ground around the flowers is trampled and watered well.
How to care for bells.
Growing bells is no different from growing any other garden flowers - bells are unpretentious. Water them only when a prolonged heat and dryness is established. After watering, it is convenient to loosen the soil around the flowers and remove weeds. Tall bells as necessary tied to a support. Bells are fed for the first time in the spring, on thawing snow, with nitrogen fertilizer. The second fertilizing complex fertilizer carried out in the first half of summer, at the beginning of budding. To prolong the flowering of bluebells, timely remove wilted flowers.
The propagation of bells.
Annual bells are propagated by seeds, biennials - by seeds and spring cuttings. Perennial bells can be propagated by root cuttings, parts of rhizomes, division of the bush and stolons, since they do not always retain varietal characteristics during seed reproduction. Terry varieties of bluebells do not tie seeds, so they are propagated exclusively by vegetative methods.
Perennial species of bluebells with a carpal or stem root system are considered as vegetatively motionless, and propagated by seed. Those species with a short rhizome are considered vegetatively inactive - they are propagated by dividing and grafting. Vegetatively mobile are considered to be species with long creeping rhizomes, which reproduce both by seed, division and grafting, as well as segments of rhizome and root suckers.
We have described the seed seed breeding method to you, but you can sow the seeds in the middle of October right into the ground, where they will undergo natural stratification during the winter months and will spring together in the spring, and all you have to do is plant seedlings. You can sow the seeds in the ground in May, but then they need to be stratified for two months in the vegetable box of the refrigerator, and since the annual bells reproduce perfectly by self-sowing, is it worth complicating your life by doing seed stratification?
The cuttings of bluebells are harvested in spring, in March-April, they are cut from young stem or basal shoots, planted in a light, loose substrate and placed under a film canopy to create high humidity. It is best to use for this purpose a greenhouse and a special installation for spraying fog. The growth of roots in cuttings occurs within three to four weeks.
The division of the bush is carried out in the third or fifth year of the plant’s life, but some species can be divided in the second year. At the beginning of May or at the end of summer, large bushes are dug out and, after cutting the stalks, they are divided into sharp pieces with a sharp sterile knife, each of which must have developed roots and renewal buds, and then cut sections with crushed coal and immediately plant delenki in a permanent place.
During reproduction, parts of rhizomes dig up a creeping root of a plant, divide it into parts so that in each segment there are renewal buds, and they are planted into the ground in such a way that the buds are at the level of the soil surface.
Root offsprings need to be separated from the parent plant and immediately transplanted to a permanent place.
Pests and diseases of the bell.
Blooming bells look very cute, but this is not the only advantage of flowers. They are so unpretentious that planting and caring for a bell is a pleasure and does not require time and effort. The bells are immune to diseases and pests and are very rarely affected by them, however, with many years of growing flowers, pathogenic microorganisms - fusarium, sclerotinia or botrytis - accumulate at one place in the ground - which can lead to the death of the plant. To prevent this from happening, twice per season, in spring and autumn, handle bells with a 0.2 percent solution of Fundazol.
In wet weather, the bells may appear slobbering, which is expelled by the infusion of garlic. Low-growing bells can be damaged by slugs, from which plants are sprayed with a decoction of bitter pepper and sprinkled under the flowers of superphosphate granules.
How and when to collect the seeds of bells.
If you want to get seeds of your favorite species, then do not wait for the boxes to be opened, cut off the inflorescences left on the seeds in advance, as soon as the boxes become brown, and dose them in a ventilated dry room.
Preparation of bluebells for the winter.
Planting and caring for the perennial bell is no different from the cultivation of annual or biennial species, except that they need to be prepared for winter. In late September or early October, the stalks of all bells are cut off at the root. On this care for annual flowers over. As for biennial and perennial species, many of them overwinter without shelter, but southern species should be covered with dry leaves or covered with spruce leaves. Tall bells fall asleep with a layer of humus or dry peat 15-20 cm high. For perennial bells to survive the winter, this will be enough.
The bell is one-year
- a short (up to 10 cm) plant from the Caucasus, Balkans, the Mediterranean and Asia Minor with a bright blue tubular corolla. It blooms from May to early autumn. Used for borders and rock gardens,
The bell is dichotomous, or fork from the Western Caucasus. It is 15–20 cm tall, has numerous light purple flowers and broadly ovate leaves.
Kashmir bell grows in the Himalayas and the Pamirs, reaching a height of only 6-8 cm. The flowers are purple, small, up to 1.5 cm in length, but there are many of them and they bloom for a long time,
Long bell bell - Caucasian endemic, growing on gravelly soil and in rock crevices. In height, this highly branched plant reaches half a meter, it blooms in May-July with paniculate inflorescences consisting of 50-60 jug-bell-shaped purple flowers with a diameter of up to 4 cm with a bloated base and a calyx with deviated sharp teeth,
Bell Bell of Venus come from the Mediterranean mountains, from Great Britain and Holland. In culture, this species is known from the end of the XVI century. The bell, or lung, reaches a height of 15 to 30 cm in height. The saucer-shaped, blue with a lilac shade and white middle flowers with a diameter of up to 2 cm are gathered in paniculate inflorescences, blooming from early summer to September. This species has varieties with white flowers.
represented by such species:
Bearded bell - grows in nature in the subalpine belt of the Mediterranean. It reaches a height of 4 to 30 cm. The flowers are drooping, goblet-bell-shaped, pale blue, up to 3 cm long. This species blooms in June and July. In culture since 1752,
Hoffman's bell - from the Balkans and the Adriatic. This is a highly branched plant with a height of 30 to 50 cm with a large number of large drooping flowers of white or cream-colored, revealing in June and July,
Bell tirsovidny and spiky bell - plants with spike-shaped inflorescences of funnel-shaped flowers of light yellow color in the bell of thyrsus-shaped bell and bright-purple in the bell-bellflower,
Large bellflower grows in nature in the Balkans, in Europe and Asia Minor. The plant reaches a height of 70 to 120 cm. Its flowers, with tubular pale purple corollas, gathered in 6-7 pieces of verticils, open in June-July,
The bell is average grows naturally in southwestern Europe and in Asia. In culture, this biennial is sometimes grown as an annual plant. It has an upright stem from 50 to 100 cm in height and white-bell-shaped white, blue or pinkish flowers, simple or double, up to 7 cm long, gathered in pyramidal inflorescences. In culture, the view from 1578,
Bluebell calligraphy come from Europe and Siberia. It is a densely pubescent plant with a height of 70 to 100 cm with small blue sessile flowers, clustered in almost capitate above and folded buds.
In addition to the described, such biennial bells as the Mesian, Siberian, divergent, sprawling, pyramidal, laurel, Formaneka, spatulate, Sartori and orphanidas are known.
All other species are perennial bells, which in turn are divided into short, medium and tall.
Undersized species of perennial bells:
Bell Carpathian - the most common species in culture comes from the Carpathians and the mountains of Central Europe. It is a perennial up to 30 cm tall with leafy stems, basal rosette of ovoid leaves on long petioles and ovate short-stemmed stem leaves. Flowers in plants of this species are solitary, funnel-bell-shaped, blue, purple or white, up to 5 cm in diameter. They bloom from June for more than two months. In culture, the view from 1770. The most famous garden forms bell Carpathian:
- – Alba and White star - varieties with white flowers,
- – Celestine and Isabel - sky blue bells,
- – Centon Joy, Riversley, Blaumeise - varieties with blue flowers,
- – Carpatenkrone - form with purple flowers,
- – Clip - A miniature plant up to 20 cm in height with flowers up to 5 cm in diameter. Can be grown both in open ground and in room culture,
Gargan bell - perennial up to 15 cm in height with fragile creeping ascending stems, rounded three-pronged leaves and blue stellate flowers up to 4 cm in diameter. In culture since 1832. The best varieties of the species are:
- – Major - variety with pale blue flowers,
- – W.H. Paine - flowers of a light lavender shade with a white eye,
The bell is spiral-leaved, or spoonbladder in nature grows in the Carpathians and the Alps. The plant is miniature, up to 15 cm high. Stems creeping. Drooping flowers of blue, blue or white to 1 cm in diameter are collected in small inflorescences. In culture since 1783. The most famous varieties:
- – Alba - white bell,
- – Loder - variety with double flowers of blue color,
- – Miss Wilmott - variety with blue flowers,
Bell Shamyso - a miniature plant from the Far East with single violet-blue flowers with a diameter of up to 3 and a length of up to 4 cm with a woody rim along the edge. There is a white flowered form.
In addition to the described, such stunted species of perennial bells are known as birch-leafed, hairy, soddy, stonegrass, Kemularia, margarite-colored, single-flowered, Osh, Ortan, povynichkovy, border, Radde, Rainer, cinnamon, dark, darkish, three-toothed, marginal, Radde, Rainer, ciliate, dark, darkish, three-toothed, bordering, Radde, Rainer, cinnamon, dark, darkish, three-toothed, border, Radde, Rainer, cinnamon, dark, dark, tridental and Orye
Perennial bells of medium height
represented by such species:
Bell Takeshima in nature it grows in Korea and the Iranian Highlands. It is a perennial, reaching a height of 60 cm and forming a group of basal rosettes. Numerous stems of this species are creeping, creeping, rising. Simple or double flowers of blue, white or pink color bloom in early summer. Top grades:
- – Beautiful trust - variety with large white arachnid-shaped flowers,
- – Wedding Belz - grade with double white bell-shaped flowers,
grows in the Far East and Siberia. Its thin fibrous stem reaches a height of 50 cm. Numerous hairy leaves in the root area on reddish petioles, ovoid, lanceolate or sharp. Large drooping pubescent bell-shaped bell-shaped flowers on long stalks of a dirty-white color are covered both from the outside and from the inside by purple dots. Top grades:
- – Rubra - variety with bright flowers,
- – Alba Nana - variety with white flowers only up to 20 cm high,
Hand bell Sarastro
- Hybrid view of the bell-shaped bell with very bright purple flowers up to 7 cm long. The height of the bush reaches 60 cm, diameter - 45 cm.
Also described, for srednerosloe species include bells Tatra, polymorphic, diamond-shaped, Moravian, lnolistny, Spanish, nailing, Karnik, Marhesetti, rotundifolia, wort, holmovoj, Turchaninova, sarmatian, chesnochnitselistny, Grosseka, pale ocher and hybrids Kent Belle and Pink Oktupus .
For tall types of bells include:
Bell broadleaf, which grows in nature in the Caucasus, in Southern and Central Europe, in Siberia, Asia Minor, in the European part of Russia and in Ukraine in deciduous, dark coniferous and mixed forests and along river banks. It has a straight, bare stem with a height of more than 1 m, bare, doubly serrated leaves up to 12 cm long and 6 cm wide, and large axillary flowers forming a rarely sprucely narrow spica-shaped brush. Voronkovidnye flowers up to 6 cm long blue, white or blue with slightly bent blades bloom in June and August. In culture, this species since 1576. The most famous varieties:
- – Alba - with white flowers,
- – Brantwood - a variety with purple flowers,
- – Macranta - variety with deep purple large flowers,
Hand bell peach grows in the Caucasus, in Western Siberia, the European part of Russia, in Ukraine and Western Europe. This plant is from 50 to 100 cm tall with erect leafy stems, smooth and jagged leaves like peach leaves, and wide-bell-shaped large flowers up to 5 cm long in white, blue or lilac-blue shade, collected several pieces in a broom. This species has crown and terry forms. Flowering begins in the second half of June and lasts more than a month. In the culture of bell peach since 1554. The most famous varieties of the species:
- – Bernis - variety with blue terry flowers,
- – Thetam Beauty - a variety with light blue flowers of large size,
- – Exmaus - grade with dusty-blue double flowers,
- – Snowdrift - a plant with white bells,
- - variety mixture New Jaint Highbreeds - plants up to 75 cm tall with large flowers of white and all shades of blue,
in nature it grows in Asia Minor and the Caucasus. This plant is from 50 to 150 cm tall with a taproot, which allows it to grow well in heavy loamy soil.Milky white bell-shaped flowers, up to 4 cm in diameter, are collected in a raceme. They are revealed in June and bloom until the end of summer. In culture, the view from 1814. The main varieties of this species are:
- – Cerulea - variety with flowers of blue shade:
- – Alba - a plant with white flowers,
- – Pritchard Verieti - a plant up to 150 cm high with lavender-blue flowers,
In addition to the described, such tall bells are known as the rapun-shaped, crowded, Bologna, noble-large-flowered and nettle-leaved.