The poultry stalker or Ornithogalum (Ornithogalum) is also called Indian, Mongolian onion, although this remarkable plant has nothing to do with bow and Mongolia. Poultry can be the highlight of any flower garden, taking the baton of flowering primroses. The plant takes its name from the connection of two Greek words: ornnitho and gala, which means bird's milk.
The plant has been known since ancient times, in culture since the 16th century. The natural habitat is the Mediterranean, western Asia, southern Africa and America, and Eurasia. Ornithogalum was mentioned in the annals from the times of the campaigns of the Roman legionaries. The ancients used poultry bulbs for food. For a long time, he was considered a symbol of the birth of Jesus, having received for this name the Star of Bethlehem. It is also called the “flower of life” - aromatherapists have long used it to relieve stress and gain emotional balance.
Description of the Ornithohalum birdworm
Ornithogalum dubium orange bird photo
Perennial bulbous plant Ornithogalum family lily. The stalk is absent, the leaves are long, belt-like, dark green in color, appearing before the peduncles. The flowers are light yellow or white with a green stripe on the outer side of the perianth, collected in corymbose or racemes of varying density at the top of the peduncle.
A characteristic feature of the poultry stalk is six-petal flowers, on the back of each of them there is a green stripe. The bulb is dressed with white papery scales. Bulbs-kids love to climb up juicy scales and often appear above the ground. Thanks to numerous children, the plant multiplies easily.
Ornithohalum is considered an exotic flower, successfully used by florists to create bouquets and compositions. The poultry goose has frost-resistant species suitable for home gardens of central Russia. There are several species that can not tolerate frosty winters and are only suitable for indoor floriculture. Types of poultry cattle differ in the shape and size of the peduncle, flower color.
When purchasing bulbs, you should pay attention to the condition of the covering scales and bottom. The presence of stains and mold indicates the disease. The bulb should be dry and clean, with no signs of mechanical damage. At the bottom is welcome the presence of rudiments of roots. If there are dry roots - this is better not to buy. Before planting, place the bulb in a solution of hydrogen peroxide (1 teaspoon per liter of water) - this will disinfect the planting material, and active oxygen stimulates arousal and rapid growth.
Planting and caring for poultry in the open field
How to plant ornithogalum birdwatching in open ground photo
3 types are suitable for cultivation on garden sites:
- Ornithogalum balansae
- Umbilical birdworm Ornithogalum umbellatum,
- Ornithogalum nutans.
They all tolerate frosts and do not require shelter for the winter. Green, narrow leaves, collected in the basal rosette, appear early, but flowering occurs much later - in May the curtains of ornithohalum are covered with many snow-white stars. In the evening or in cloudy weather, the flowers close. The elevated part dies off by the middle of summer.
Bird-bird prefers a bright light, but grows well in the shade, only slightly pulling up. It feels great under the translucent crowns of trees.
- The soil can be infertile, sandy and loamy.
- When planting, avoid places with water stagnation, which causes the bulbs to rot or lay stones, crushed stone or broken bricks on the bottom of the landing holes to drain excess moisture.
You should not get involved with dressing - the root system of the plant is strong enough and is able to get food on their own. When "overfeeding" poultry can "fatten": to form a large number of leaves to the detriment of flowering. It is possible to apply mulching of the soil around the planting with organic humus, this will save moisture from evaporation and give additional nourishment, which will be supplied to the roots for a long time.
How poultry meat is planted in an open ground photo
- Poultry harvesters are planted in groups to a depth equal to three diameters. If you dig up ornithohalum for the winter, you can plant it shallowly, at half the height of the bulb.
- Each planted onion after a couple of years grows well, forming a dense bush, and with a very strong thickening stops blooming.
- Ornitho gum is planted at the end of the summer at a distance of 15 cm in the fertile, loose earth. Before the onset of stable cold weather, onions will take root, and in the spring they will start growing and blooming.
Birdworms overwinter in the middle lane without shelter. In more northern areas, you can apply cover with spruce or moss. Often it is enough just ordinary hilling.
Reproduction of poultry meat
Ornithohalum is multiplied by children and seeds. Children can be separated when the green part of the plant dries and sit down.
Poultry meat does not require digging: it grows in one place for at least 5 years. The bulbs form many babies, resulting in an extensive curtain that should be divided when transplanted into individual bulbs. And if this is not necessary, then the transplant can be postponed until the flower ceases to form flower stalks. This will happen no earlier than 8 years.
If you decide to grow ornitho gallum seedlings:
- Place a bowl of seeds for a month in the refrigerator or under the snow. Seeds should be fresh, because they quickly lose their germination.
- In the container for seeding there must be drainage holes in the bottom.
- The substrate for planting can be used ready for flowering plants.
Hatching Seed Ornitogalum Photo
- A month later, after passing the stratification, put the container in the sunlight, covered with plastic film or glass. Seeds do not germinate simultaneously.
How do ornithogalum seedlings look like seedling photos
- At first, try to sow poultry meat as rarely as possible to avoid a subsequent dive (distance of at least 5 cm). You can immediately place 1 seed in separate cups.
- Polyethylene is removed every day for ventilation for several minutes, gradually increasing the time.
- Watered little by little, as the substrate dries.
- Young seedlings can develop in this pot without transplanting until they grow up, and then they can be planted in a permanent place.
- Plants will bloom with good care after 5 - 6 years.
Pests and ornithohalum diseases
Sometimes ornithohalum can suffer from the attack of pests - mite or aphid. In this case, flower beds are treated with insectoacaricides. Or prophylactically used deterrent measures. You can successfully use the extract of the leaves of tomatoes or garlic with the addition of soap. So solution irrigate landing every week.
Good results are obtained by placing near nasturtiums or marigolds. Both of these flowers perfectly repel insects with the smell of their many insect leaves. If you place these plants around the perimeter of the plot - the pests will be confused and will not encroach on more valuable specimens. These methods are quite effective, and besides they do not poison the environment and do not harm people. Ecological farming is of great importance in our age, saturated with various chemicals that have a negative impact on health. And the use of the plants themselves for protection against pests is one of the methods of such farming.
Bird-bird in landscape design
Ornitogalum in landscape design photo
Caring for a poultry lamb does not cause much trouble - even a novice gardener will cope with it - an unpretentious plant will surely please its owner with a scattering of unusual stars among the emerald foliage.
- Usually, the bloom of a poultry maw falls on the time when other flowers are already resting or are still gaining strength. Therefore, the birdfly fills the gaps between the flowering of other plants, which can be successfully used to create a bed of continuous flowering.
- Do not forget that the vegetative part of it dies off in the second half of summer, therefore, planting annual flowers that will fill the vacant space in the immediate vicinity will hide this drawback and will positively affect the general form of the flower garden.
Orange bird in landscape design on the flowerbed
- Ornithohalum is commonly used for foreground mixborders, group planting along tracks.
- Due to high shade tolerance can grow under the crown of large trees and shrubs.
- Perfectly in harmony with muscari, irises, hyacinths.
- Poultry crawls look great on emerald lawns, creating snow-white “clouds” over a monochromatic surface during the flowering period.
According to the theory of feng shui, such a plant promotes career growth, protects in business and labor success. It helps to harmoniously build respectful relationships between children and their parents, improving relationships with adolescents. Symbolizes wealth in the house. It attracts positive energy, cleans the environment from negative effects.
Ornithogalum magnum large birdie in landscape design photo
Many of us are eager to get whimsical exotics that surprise with parrot coloring and lush blooms, and having been tormented for years with such an instance, they are disappointed. The poultry bird will not disappoint anyone, because with minimal care and attention it will bloom again and again, pleasing its owner.
This extraordinary plant will create a harmonious atmosphere on the site, help to gain health and mental balance, strengthen the family and will please the household with unforgettable moments during flowering. Having once turned your attention to the poultry lamb, you will never abandon it.
Ornithomalum at home Planting and care
Ornithohalum poultry bird orange care at home Ornithogalum dubium photo of flowers
Cups of milky white flowers adorn the windows with the arrival of spring. Possess strong and gentle aroma. Ornithohalum is easy to care for and undemanding.
Any kind of soil that is not too acidic will suit a bird farm grown on a windowsill. The plant is resistant to drought and does not tolerate excessive watering. Leaves should not be sprayed: the accumulated dust is removed with a damp cloth. Under normal conditions, the poultry is never shedding leaves, and with good care it blooms in the spring months every year.
How to plant ornithohalum photo
- Poultry meat is planted so that the bulb is on the surface of the earth, only slightly deepening its bottom.
- Use narrow deep pots. From the bulb to the edge of the pot - 2-3 cm.
- You can plant several bulbs at once nearby, ornithogalum calmly transfers dense plantings.
Kids ornithohalum photo
The poultry bird possesses good fertility, its root onion constantly gives rise to small onion-kids. The adult bulb has powerful white roots and lives for a very long time - more than 25 years. It is more than half elevated above ground level. From it grows flat pendant leaves, which are folded at the end into a tube. The ends of the leaves gradually dry up, and the base continues to grow.
Replant it as the onion grows and the container volume is filled with growing young. The size of the pot should be 5 cm larger than its diameter. Babies are separated from the parent plant during transplantation and transplanted into separate pots. They need to be carefully separated and can immediately, without roots, be placed in individual pots in a moist soil. They are just slightly pressed into the ground. After two weeks, the young onion will take root and be able to develop independently.
- Having good drainage is necessary, waterlogging is detrimental to the bulbs.
- Top dressing is useful, but the poultry lamb feels excellent without them.
- You can apply mineral fertilizers during the active growing season every 2 weeks.
- Usually, the land before planting is preliminarily properly filled with organic matter, therefore fertilizing is used only on poor soil.
The only thing he really needs is a bright light, which contributes to abundant flowering. In the summer you can take the container with ornithogalum to the balcony or loggia. You can also plant an onion in the summer on the garden, do not forget to dig before cooling. During this time, the bulb will grow significantly and gain strength, gaining strength in the open air will increase significantly in size.
Of pests on poultry Aphids, spider mites and scytchias settle, which they manage to cope with with the help of appropriate insecticides. In order not to use chemicals at home, you can apply a three-fold spraying with tar water with an interval of 5 days. To do this, birch tar from the pharmacy is mixed with water (1:10), insisting day, occasionally shaking. It turns out the mother liquor - it can be stored in a dark place in a sealed container and used as needed. 1 tablespoon of the resulting liquid is added to a liter of water and sprayed on the plant. The remains of the mixture obtained can be poured into a pot to destroy the larvae and eggs hiding in the ground.
Indian onions can be compared with plants such as aloe, kalanchoe. As a home doctor, it will come to the rescue of any family member. One need only take into account that all parts of the plant are relatively poisonous and must be treated carefully. Apply this treatment only outwardly, and consult with your doctor before use, because in some people it can cause allergies.
With numerous useful properties, one should not forget that the poultry lamb is an ornamental plant and attracts the attention of amateur flower growers, many of whom consider it to be the pride of the collection, with great pleasure planting on their windows.
Ornithogalum arcuatum poultry bird arcuate photo
Plant up to 50 cm tall, with pointed linear leaves. It begins to bloom in late May - early June with white flowers about 3.5 cm in diameter. It comes from the Stavropol Territory. Listed in the Red Book of Russia, as it is subject to mass gathering for bouquets.
Description of the flower
The average height of the bird is from 30 to 80 cm, the diameter of the bulb is 3-5 cm. The culture consists of basal leaf plates, numerous flower arrows, racemes or corymbose inflorescences of white, pink or yellow, odorless flowers and fruits with flat seeds in black. The flowering period begins in the first days of May and lasts for 3-4 weeks.
Planting poultry meat in open ground
Even a novice in floriculture is able to grow a bird leech in a garden plot or flower bed. This does not require special experience, as the plant is quite unpretentious and care for him does not take a lot of time and effort.
As a planting material, you can use seeds and bulbs. With seed reproduction, the flowering period will begin only in the fourth or fifth season, so the bulbs are preferable.
The bulbs must be planted in open ground at the end of summer or at the very beginning of autumn. The bulbs are planted in prepared wells to a depth of 6-10 cm, sprinkled with earth, watered. The distance between plantings is about 20 cm. The first shoots should appear in early spring.
For a favorable growth and full development of the poultry lamb, both solar and penumbral areas are suitable. It is very important that the soil is good moisture passed. Clay soil is undesirable, but the sandy soil will be ideal for the poultry.
It is necessary to water the bird cat regularly, but in moderate volumes, because the bulbs do not tolerate an oversupply of moisture and their rotting may begin. Excessive water during irrigation will affect the appearance of the plants: yellowness will appear on the leaves, and the buds will fall off without opening. In the period of flowering and the formation of fruit-boxes, watering flowers is necessary in minimal quantities.
Fertilizers and fertilizers
If there is a fertile nutritious soil in a garden plot or flowerbed, then no additional top dressing is required for plants. In other cases, you can make organic fertilizer after flowering or with the arrival of autumn (once a season).
It is necessary to transplant the culture to a new place every 5-6 years. During this time, a large number of daughter onions appear on the main bulbs, which negatively affect the appearance of the plants. The flower is dug out at the end of August or in early spring, the children are separated and planted separately on open beds.
Preparing for the winter period
Plant species with high cold resistance, after flowering, relieve the leaves and leave to spend the winter in the open ground. Thermophilic varieties of poultry meat, as well as in regions with cold and snowless winter, it is recommended to cover the plants with a mulch layer of fallen leaves or fir fir branches. It is not worth risking crops in the harsh climate, it is advisable to dig up the bulbs with the arrival of autumn and store them in a cellar or cellar. Каждую луковицу рекомендуется посадить в индивидуальный горшок с питательной смесью из торфа и песка. Ранней весной посадочный материал можно переносить на клумбу.
Самым популярным и эффективным способом размножения птицемлечника является использование для посадки дочерних луковиц. Некоторые садоводы с успехом применяют и семена для посева в открытый грунт или для выращивания рассады. This method has its own characteristics and rules, and also requires more time and hassle.
The off-seed method implies the sowing of the seeds of the poultry lamb under the winter on open ground in order for them to undergo a natural stratification. In the spring of seeds will go friendly shoots.
For growing seedlings, seeds are sown in early spring in planting boxes or individual cups. Ground mix should be light and loose. Care is the regular wetting of the soil and sufficient light. With the appearance of 3-4 full leaflets you can begin tempering procedures. For this, containers with young plants are daily carried out to the open air, gradually increasing the “walk” time. When the seedlings can spend on the street around the clock without negative consequences, then you can transfer them to a flower garden or flower bed for independent existence.
Diseases and pests
Root rot, one of the probable perennial diseases, occurs only as a result of improper watering. Other diseases of poultry meat are not terrible. Possible pests are spider mites and aphids. When they appear, flower stands are recommended to be treated with special preparations - for example, “Aktofit”, “STOP mite”, “Biotlin”.
Useful properties of poultry meat
The crested poultry bird is considered one of the well-known species in traditional medicine, since all parts of the plant already in the second year of life are endowed with numerous beneficial and healing properties. For the treatment using bulbs, flowers, leaves, juice. This blooming perennial kills germs, viruses and bacteria, heals minor cuts and cracks, relieves swelling, reduces pain from bruises, relieves headache and joint pain, removes salt and fights inflammation of the joints, and also cleans the air in the room and disinfects it.
Types and varieties of poultry
All types and varieties have their own characteristics and individual attractiveness, but still you can select the most popular and famous ones among gardeners.
Large bird poultry - found in the Caucasus, consists of loose racemose inflorescences of white hue and light green leaves.
Poultry stalker - the view reaches half a meter in height, known in culture from the sixteenth century. Features - leaves of a gray-green shade, an inflorescence of a light shade from 5-12 flowers.
Arabian birdcrest - a species known in culture from the second half of the sixteenth century and called popularly “hawk’s milk” can most often be found in the natural environment of Israel. The plant consists of basal leaves of a light green shade, collected in a rosette, a long peduncle with a height of more than eighty centimeters and inflorescences of a white shade from small flowers about 5 cm in diameter.
Poultry bird tailed - a healing view with sprawling leaves up to eighty centimeters in length and white raceme aromatic buds.
Pyramidal birdhouse - the species is known in culture from the second half of the sixteenth century. Consists of lush inflorescences - brushes, in which there are up to hundreds of flowers. Plant height - 30-100 cm.
Poultice bush - named after the famous German botanist and distributed on the banks of rivers in Moldova, in the Balkans, in Asia Minor and in Russia. The average height is 40-50 cm. Consists of bright green leaves up to one and a half centimeters wide and racemes of 20-50 small flowers.
Pyrénéan birdcrest - able to grow on hard, rocky soil, found on slopes and edges, on fields and along the road on the Crimea peninsula and in the Caucasus. The average height is about 1 m. Features - leafy plates of gray-green hue, lush white inflorescences, consisting of several dozen small flowers (from 3 to 9).
Umbrella bird poultry - a species consisting of flowering umbrellas of white shade and reaching a height of about 20 cm. Popular in many European countries.
Fisher Fowler - The plant is named after the popular botanist in the nineteenth century. In nature, it is found in Kazakhstan, in some Russian regions, as well as in West Siberian regions. The average height is 50-60 cm. It blooms with white flowers, gathered in racemes more than 20 cm in length.
Birdworm of Narbonne - a species preferring areas with clay soil. Features - blooms in early summer, leaves are linear light green, inflorescences are brushes of 40-50 white flowers.
Doubtful bird - species of South African origin, characterized by pyramidal racemes of small flowers of bright yellow, orange, white and red shades. It is used for festive bouquets and room decorations, as the flowers remain fresh and attractive for a long time. Popular varieties are Sunshine, Ballerina.
Birdwatch Balances - low growth, reaching no more than 10 cm in height. Consists of olive leaves, peduncle - about 5 cm in length and three white flowers of small size.
Saunders Birdworm - heat-loving and moisture-loving species of African descent with dark green or grayish leaves about 50 cm in length, meter-high stems and pyramidal inflorescences of white or cream color. Used to compose flower arrangements.
The caudate bird is a perennial bulbous plant of the genus Bird-bird sturgeons of the Hyacinth subfamily, which belong to the family of Asparagus. Although not so long ago it was attributed to the family of the Lille. In addition to botanical (Ornithogal caudatum) it has other names - Indian onions, Chinese onions, and scallions. This heat-loving plant comes from South Africa.
Indian onions have long (up to 5 cm) long basal green leaves that grow from a rather large bulb (up to 10 cm or more). Leaves may curl a little or dry out at the ends. The green bulb is covered with pale yellow scales and looks out of the ground, not buried, can form many babies. It blooms as early as 2-3 years after planting, throwing out an arrow of a peduncle about 60 cm. The inflorescence is racemes with small white flowers with a green stripe in the middle of each petal. Fruits in the form of boxes with black round seeds.
Application in the garden and landscape design
This beautiful plant looks great next to the hosts, primroses, lilies and other summer flowers. In the process of growth, they cover the dried leaves of the poultry meat. It will grow under the trees and on the alpine hill.
On the plot, a sunny place or partial shade is chosen for it and planted when warm weather sets in, at which the air temperature no longer drops below +12 ° C. When planting, one should not forget that the plant does not like waterlogging and stagnation of water; it needs well-drained soil. In the open ground, the plant develops and pollinates better when flowering by insects, forms a lot of children. Due to the interesting blooming of white and green flowers in the form of stars, the bird-tailed bird fits perfectly into almost any landscape design.
In the fall, you can transplant it into a pot and continue to grow in room conditions or arrange a period of rest for him. To do this, you need to put it away from the direct rays of the sun and stop watering, only sometimes spray it with water. When planting in open ground and first watering the plant awakens and begins to grow actively.
Medicinal properties: use in medicine
Poultry starch has more healing properties in the second year of growth. At the same time when growing it for treatment you should not do top dressing. It should be noted that the peduncles of this plant contain a large amount of useful juice and are often used for the manufacture of tinctures.
In folk medicine, the beneficial properties of this onion are used externally to treat the following diseases:
- salt deposition (osteochondrosis),
- arthrosis, arthritis, polyarthritis,
- bruises, boils,
- small wounds, cuts,
- swelling and itching from insect bites,
- skin rashes,
- herpes, warts,
- catarrhal, viral and fungal diseases,
- periodontal disease
As a folk remedy, green leaves of Indian onions are used as follows:
- They make small notches on the leaves and the juice that appears appears to lubricate the sore spot, and then warm them with a bandage. The burning sensation that appears at the same time disappears in ten minutes. The effect of analgesic action passes after a few hours.
- Juice can also lubricate small abrasions and cuts. At the same time, it should be applied to the wound and allowed to dry, and then apply the product again.
- This remedy is very effective in bites of animals (cats and dogs). In this case, the wound is quickly tightened, and no scars remain after its healing.
- With bronchitis and cold, onion leaves can be used as mustard plaster. To do this, in the chest place pre-crushed leaf for 2-3 minutes.
- With a headache and runny nose, the temples are rubbed with the juice, the nose bridge and the wings of the nose.
- Well, this tool helps with insect bites (wasps, flies, mosquitoes). To do this, you need a bite-injured place to smear with juice.
- This excellent anti-inflammatory and antiviral agent is used to treat herpes, gum disease and toothache. To do this, the juice smears the center of inflammation.
- Gruel of crushed onions treat skin frostbite. To do this, it is applied to the affected area.
You can also take small bulbs for therapeutic juice. The juice from them is colorless, odorless and leaves no traces of stains. VIDEO: INDIAN TINNESS FOR JOINTS In folk medicine is widely used and cooked infusion of poultry. For its preparation, leaves, bulbs, flower stalks are used as raw materials. Raw materials are crushed and poured vodka or diluted with water alcohol in a ratio of 1:20. For a concentrated infusion with good portability of all components, you can take the ratio of 1:10. After five days, the tincture is ready. It retains its beneficial properties for two years. Apply the tool as a rubbing to relieve pain in the joints, lumbar, with sprains, etc. After rubbing with such a composition, it is necessary to warm the sore spot.
To combat pigment spots, chopped Indian onion is diluted with boiling water in a ratio of 1:10. After cooling and filtering through cheesecloth, it is used as a lotion. For medical purposes, the use of funds from this plant should be with the utmost discretion. All preparations must be kept out of the reach of children and pets. When using Indian onions, the following precautions should be followed:
- this bow is poisonous, therefore it is forbidden to take it inside,
- remedies from the plant are contraindicated for patients with hemophilia,
- you need to make sure that the juice does not get into the eyes, and if it did happen, then immediately rinse them under running water, and then drop two drops of "Tauphone",
- juice is used only on clean skin,
- prolonged exposure to the skin can cause burns,
- means of onions need to be prepared in rubber gloves,
- allergies may occur.
Soil and fertilizer
This room flower prefers well-drained soil, as it does not tolerate stagnant water. Does not like sour soil. You should also worry about the presence of drainage from stones or foam. For the substrate, it is recommended to mix the turf and leaf soil with sand. Once a month it is recommended to do top dressing from a complex organic preparation for houseplants. First, a young plant is planted in a small container, but as it grows, it is transplanted into a larger container. Unhealthy appearance, rare inflorescences, bulb, approaching the walls of the container more than 1-2 cm - signals to transplant the flower.
Watering and moisture
Waterlogging adversely affects the poultry tail. Water the plant should be as the drying surface of the soil. It does not need high humidity, but the leaves should be periodically cleaned from dust with a clean, damp cloth. With proximity to heating devices and dry air, its leaves may turn yellow and begin to curl. In this case, the poultice should be sprayed with water at room temperature. In winter, watering significantly reduced.
Pests, diseases and prevention
The caudate bird is unpretentious and due to its toxicity is rarely affected by pests and diseases. To combat them, do not use pesticides, if the plant is intended for therapeutic purposes.
Consider what should be done if the Indian onion has suffered for the following reasons:
- Mealy dew. Fungal disease, which is manifested in the appearance on the leaves and shoots of the flower bloom whitish color. The affected parts are removed, and the plant itself is set aside from others to stop the infection. Natural remedy to combat powdery mildew is garlic brew. For its preparation, 4-5 minced garlic cloves are poured with a glass of water and infused for 24 hours. Strain the solution sprayed the diseased plant.
- Spider mite To prevent the appearance of this pest, it is recommended to spray the plant with water, as the spider mite likes warm, dry air. It manifests itself first by the appearance on the leaves of small yellow spots that darken. Then a spider web appears with small mites that look like reddish dots. The leaves should be thoroughly washed with a solution of household soap (dissolve 1-2 g in 500 ml of water) or wipe with medical alcohol. You can use insectoacaricides, which are quickly destroyed and are not phytotoxic ("Fitoverm", "Akarin", etc.).
- Aphid. When this pest appears, the leaves should be washed with soapy water and sprayed with garlic extract. You can also use insecticides based on pyrethrum ("Karate", "Intavir", etc.).
- Shchitovka. It looks like brownish scales, which are attached to the bottom of the leaves and cause their yellowing and death. Getting rid of this pest is the hardest. Affected leaves are best removed or rubbed with a soap solution (alcohol). You can also spray the extract of tobacco dust (20 g of tobacco dust insist in 0.5 liters of water for two days), mixed with soapy water. Or buy insecticide harmless to humans.
- Nogoshvotka. Appears when the soil becomes too wet, when the plant starts to rot. It is a small jumping insect of a light color. It is enough to limit watering and pour sand over the soil.
Poultry bird large Ornithogalum magnum
Ornithogalum magnum large bird poultry photo on flowerbed
One of the highest species of this plant, its peduncle rises to a height of 1.5 m. Long leaves 4 cm wide. The inflorescence 40 cm long consists of 18-30 flowers.
Ornithogalum doubtful Ornithogalum dubium
Ornithogalum doubtful Ornithogalum dubium photo
Differs in bright orange or yellow flowers in a pyramidal brush. Often used to compose flower arrangements. One of the most spectacular.
Gussson Ornithogalum gussonei
Poultry Bird Gussson Ornithogalum gussonei photo
Differs narrower leaves. Easily accessible in nature - in the steppes and wastes comes to the north of the Voronezh region. His pedicels stick out obliquely upwards, and not to the sides, like the others.
Poultry bird planting and care in the open field
It is not at all difficult to plant a poultry crawler in open ground and it is not difficult to take care of it and you will succeed in it, even if you only know the basics of gardening. Since this is a perennial plant, and seed multiplication makes it too long to wait for flowering, it is common to use bulbs for planting.
To grow a flower should pick a well-lit place, but a small shade will do. The soil should be loose, preferably sandy.
When planting plants on a plot, you need to keep a distance of about 20 cm between individuals. The onions themselves are buried at a depth of close to 10 cm, depending on the size of the bulb.
Agave is also a representative of the asparagus family; growing this plant requires knowing a few nuances that can be found here.
Fertilizers for poultry meat
If your substrate is fertile enough, then you can not feed it, or do it every year.
But if you are in doubt, then it is necessary to apply organic fertilizers on the site every fall.
Poultry meat transplants are started once every 4 years, although on the whole it is allowed to grow up to 6 years in one place.
From the bulbs just separate the children and sit all the material in different places. Start this procedure at the end of the summer season or with the arrival of spring.
Готовясь к зиме, участок с луковицами утепляют, но если вы выращиваете уязвимый к холоду вид, скажем Арабский или Сомнительный, то луковицы нужно обязательно выкопать на зиму.
В этот период их хранят в погребе или садят в горшочки. Весной материал снова высаживают в саду.
Популярные виды птицемлечника
Всего насчитывают около 150 видов, но безусловным фаворитом среди цветоводов можно считать птицемлечник зонтичный. Листья с блеском и белой полоской. It blooms white near the end of May, forms thick bushes and a lot of kids. Ptitsemnik tailed often called Indian onions. It has rather large green bulbs (up to 9 centimeters in diameter), tiny children appear on the surface of bumps on their surface.
Pale green buds plant will delight in November or even early December. Fringed poultry stalker in May releases 15-centimeter arrows with white inflorescences, and Narbonnian unusually generous flowers - in the inflorescence their number can reach 50.
For alpine slides suitable lancet view. The compact outlet is almost at ground level. Spreading wide leaves with glitter form a crown, in the middle there are large white flowers with a green stripe on the outer side of the petals.
Original looking wilted poultry. On the 50-centimeter stem in May, flower stalks with silver bells appear, decorated with a white border and wide toothed stamens. It looks like Fisher's poultry crab, but it blooms in June with beautiful tassels with 10-20 flowers.
One of the most spectacular species, perhaps, can be called a dumb bird. It differs pubescent leaves, pyramidal brush inflorescences and bright petals, they are not only snow-white, but also orange, scarlet, yellow. A wonderful choice for bouquets. Among the bright varieties of this type of sunshine with yellow buds and orange Ballerina, this form is often grown in pots.
How to grow poultry in the open field
Perennial can grow from seed. However, they require a three-month stratification, and such specimens will bloom no earlier than the fourth year of life, sometimes even after six years. Therefore, the most common use of reproduction bulbs and shoots. The plant is completely unpretentious and grows well, there will be no problems with cultivation. It is suitable as a well-lit area, and partial shade.
There are no special requirements for soil fertility either, the only caveat is to avoid wetlands.
The bulbs are planted in August-September, the depth of the holes is 6-10 centimeters, the distance between them is about 15 centimeters. Further regular, but moderate watering is important. A transplant will be needed every 5-6 years, otherwise a nest that has grown too large will have a bad effect on flowering. You can dig up seedlings at the end of summer, keep them cool and dark, and plant them in March again.
If you overdo it with watering, the plant will begin to rot, the inflorescences will fall off and the leaves turn yellow. As for feeding, in the fall it is desirable to make organic fertilizers, but without this, the plant can also do. Plantings are rarely affected, except that spider mites and aphids attack, but in this case, treatment with appropriate preparations will help. For winter, the plant does not need shelter, because it tolerates frost well.
After the sheet is completely wilted, they will need to be cut. In the middle latitudes and southern areas, the plant does not need shelter for the winter. However, if the winter period is not very snowy and rather frosty, then the area where ornithogalum grows should be covered with spruce branches. If you grow heat-loving species, to which the poultry is questionable and the poultry-lamb is Arabic, then you need to dig the onions in the autumn time and plant them in flower pots or put them away for the winter in the cellar. They are planted in the garden in spring time.
Properties of bird
Ornithohalum differs wound healing, analgesic and antimicrobial effect. With the help of this plant, they treat bruises and wounds, eliminate inflammation and pain in the joints, cleanse the body of salt, treat pains in the head, and also use it for edema. If such a flower grow at home, it will clean the air in the apartment, as it contains a large number of volatile production.
It should be borne in mind that only the crested poultry lamb, also called Indian onion, has healing properties. All parts of a given plant, including flowers and bulbs, are curative. At the same time, such properties appear not immediately, but only in the second year of life.
Features of the birdcrest
The height of the bush of ornithohalum can vary from 0.3 to 0.85 m. The onion diameter is 2–5 centimeters, and their shape can be ovoid, rounded or oblong. On their surface there are dense covering scales. Radical leaf plates of a belt-like or linear form with the central vein of whitish color grow somewhat earlier than the flower arrows. There are species in which the foliage grows in the autumn, and it remains on the bush in winter, and dries out in summer. Inflorescences of cyst-shaped or corymbose form consist of light yellow or white flowers, they have no aroma, but on the front surface of the perianth leaves a strip of green color passes. The fruit is a box, inside which are flat, rounded black seeds.
If you are going to grow this plant, then do not forget that there are toxic species, they contain cardiac glycosides, and there may also be unspecified alkaloids. Sprouts and onions of other types are edible, they are eaten like asparagus. About 10 species of ornithogalum are cultivated.
Below will be described in detail how to plant, grow and propagate this flower, as well as told about its medicinal properties.
What time to plant
It is quite possible to grow poultry meat from a seed, but it will begin to bloom only 4–5 years after the emergence of shoots. Experienced gardeners recommend to buy onion in a specialized shop and plant them in open ground in September or August. Planting and growing this plant is very simple, so even an inexperienced gardener can handle it.
For this flower, it is recommended to choose a well-lit area, but it may well grow in a shaded place. The soil must be permeable, so you should choose not clay, but sandy soil. The depth of planting onions should be from 6 to 10 centimeters, while between them it is necessary to observe a distance of 15 to 20 centimeters. In the finished hole it is necessary to immerse the onion and cover it with earth. Then planted plants need to be watered well. Then it remains only to wait until spring shoots seem.
Caring for poultry in the garden
In the care of ornithohalum is nothing complicated. It just needs to be systematically moderately watered. In the event that water stagnates in the soil, then rot will appear on the bush, the inflorescences will die off, and the leaf plates will turn yellow. Watering should be reduced during flowering and the appearance of boxes with seeds. Depending on the species, the plant begins to bloom from the first to the last days of May, the flowering time is about 20 days.
In the fall, it is recommended to feed this flower using organic fertilizers. However, if the soil in the area where it grows is saturated with nutrients, then you can not feed it.
In some cases, a spider mite appears on the bushes. For its destruction use insectoacaricides. Also on this plant sometimes aphid settles, from which you can get rid of such means as Antitlin and Biotlin. However, do not be afraid, take care of this flower is relatively simple.
How to transplant
In order for the plant to develop normally, it needs to ensure timely transplantation. If the plant is not transplanted for a long time, then a lot of children will appear in the onion, and this negatively affects the appearance of the plant. Without transplanting, a poultry goose can do no more than 6 years, but experts advise that this procedure be carried out 1 time in 4 years. When transplanting babies, it is necessary to tear them away from the bulbs and land on a new permanent place, which can be sunny or shaded. It is recommended to carry out this procedure in the last days of the summer period or in the spring.
Arabian poultry bird (Ornithogalum arabicum)
The homeland of this species is the Mediterranean. Under natural conditions, it can be met in Israel, in this country the poultry is translated as “hawk’s milk”. The rosette consists of pale green linear sheet plates. The peduncle is about 0.85 m in height. A loosely flowered inflorescence consists of flowers, 5 centimeters in diameter, possessing a white color and long pedicels. Cultivated since 1574
Bushew (Ornithogalum boucheanum)
In the wild, this species can be met in the European part of Russia, in Asia Minor, in the Balkans and in Moldova, while it prefers to grow in river valleys. They called this species in honor of P. K. Bush, who in the first half of the 19th century was a botanist at the Berlin Botanical Garden. Bush in height can reach no more than half a meter. The width of the grooved linear sheet plates varies from 0.5 to 1.5 centimeters, their color is saturated green, with a longitudinal light stripe on the inner surface. The composition of racemes includes from 20 to 50 flowers, the edge of the perianth leaves are wavy.
Doubtful Poultry Bird (Ornithogalum dubium)
The birthplace of this bird-crawling orange is South Africa. Pyramid-shaped, a cuspid inflorescence consists of orange, red, rich yellow or white flowers, with the bases of the pericarp having a nut-bronze or green color. The greenish-yellow sheet plates are slightly pubescent along the hem. Stems with flowers are often used in the preparation of bouquets, the fact is that they are capable of maintaining freshness for a long time. In European countries, this species is not cultivated. Most popular varieties:
- Ballerina. This variety can be grown both in the garden and indoors. The color of flowers is rich orange.
- Sunshine. The color of flowers is yellow.
Fisher Birdwort (Ornithogalum fischerianum)
Under natural conditions, such a species can be met in Kazakhstan, Western Siberia and the European part of Russia, while it prefers to grow in salt marshes and in wormwood steppes. This species was named after botany, which was known in the 19th century. In the height of the bush can reach 0.6 m, and the length of racemes about 0.25 m, they include from 8 to 20 flowers. On the front surface of the white leaf plates is a narrow strip of green color.
Hanging bird (Ornithogalum nutans)
Under natural conditions, you can meet in the Mediterranean, the Balkans, Scandinavia and the European part of Russia. The height of the bush is about half a meter. On the inner surface of the greenish-gray leaf plates passes a whitish strip. Drooping inflorescences consist of 5–12 florets. On the outer surface of the perianth leaves is a wide strip of green color. Cultivated since 1600
Pontic poultry stalker (Ornithogalum ponticum), or Pyrenean poultry stalker (Ornithogalum pyrenaicum)
Under natural conditions, it can be seen in the Crimea and the Caucasus, and at the same time such a plant prefers to grow on stony slopes, on the edges of the bushes, in fields and along roads. The height of such flowers reaches almost 100 centimeters. The color of the leaf plates is greenish-gray. The length of the inflorescences is about 0.4 m, and their width is approximately 7 centimeters. In the composition of such inflorescences can be from 30 to 95 flowers, on the outer surface of the perianth leaves which passes a narrow strip of green color.
Saunders poultry meat (Ornithogalum saundersiae)
It is possible to meet such a species in the wild only in South Africa, therefore its frost resistance is rather low. The length of dark green or greenish-gray leaf plates about 0.6 m. Shoots in height can reach 100 centimeters. Pyramidal inflorescences are made up of cupped white or cream colored flowers with very beautiful black or greenish-black ovaries. Flowers used for cutting and to create bouquets. This type is different in that it has a constant need for moisture.
Bird-Lamb of Narbonne (Ornithogalum narbonense)
In the wild, you can meet in Southern Europe, North Africa and Western Asia, while these flowers prefer to grow on clayey soil. Bush height can vary from 0.4 to 0.8 m. The color of the linear sheet plates are greenish-gray. Up to 50 medium-sized white flowers may be part of the racemose inflorescences, on the outer surface of the perianth leaves there is a thin strip of green color. Flowering is observed in the first days of June.
Large Poultry Bird (Ornithogalum magnum)
In the wild, you can meet in the Caucasus and Transcaucasia. The color of the leaf plates is pale green. White flowers have a narrow strip of green. Loose raceme consists of 20–60 flowers.
Pyramidal pyramid (Ornithogalum pyramidale)
In the wild, this species can be met in Central Europe and the Balkans. Bush height can vary from 0.3 to 1 meter. The sheet plates are painted greenish-blue. On the outer surface of the white leaf plates of the perianth are strips of green color. The length of the racemose inflorescences can vary from 0.25 to 0.5 m, while their composition includes from 20 to 100 flowers. This species has been cultivated since 1574.
Poultry stalker Balances (Ornithogalum balansae), or Shmalgausen birdwatch (Ornithogalum schmalhausenii)
Such a species grows in the subalpine as well as the alpine belt of the Caucasus and Asia Minor. This type was named after the well-known botanist and scientist of the 19th century - Balances. Bush in this species in height can reach only 0.1 m. Sickle-curved grooved sheet plates can be painted in olive or green. The peduncle is only 5 centimeters in height, it has 3 flowers of white color with a strip of green color, the diameter of which is equal to 3 centimeters.
Umbrella bird (Ornithogalum umbellatum)
This type of culture is among the most popular. Under natural conditions, it can be found in the forests of the Western Mediterranean, Asia Minor and Western and Central Europe. Bush in height can reach about 0.25 m. Grooved linear leaf plates have a longitudinal strip of whitish color. Umbrella inflorescences consist of 15–20 small (about 25 mm in diameter) white flowered flowers with a wide longitudinal strip of green.
Ptitsemnik tailed (Ornithogalum caudatum) or Indian onion
This flower has healing properties, although it is poisonous. Its birthplace is South Africa. Spreading bush consists of belt-like wide, hanging flat leaf plates, the length of which can reach 0.8 m. The length of the brushes, consisting of 50-100 flowers, can reach up to 100 cm. The fragrant white flowers have a pale green middle.
Gardeners also cultivate such species of poultry as: arcuate, fringed, Husson, mountainous, flat-leafed, Shelkovnikov, Zintenis, Tempsky, Transcaucasian, tirsoid and Voronova.