Farmers respect and value most in the hens of the egg-bearing breeds their ability to lay many eggs. Such is the Czech golden breed of chickens.
This individual is slowly but surely becoming popular among domestic poultry farmers due to good egg-laying rates and rapid weight gain. She also conquers the breeders with their unusual appearance. Very much amazing coloring in this bird.
History of origin
The very first representative of this species was bred in the Czech Republic. Scientists in this case purposefully chose birds with high egg production for subsequent crossing. This chicken came to the expanses of Russia relatively recently, only in 1977.
Czech golden breed of chickens
Poultry farmers instantly became interested in its characteristics, and the species began to spread and grow on most farms. And this is not surprising, because chickens have quite high performance, good external data, unpretentious in terms of nutrition and care, as well as hardy.
Exterior characteristics of the bird
Hens of breed are distinguished by such external features:
- the head is small,
- dark shade beak, slightly curved,
- a well-developed scallop is leaf-shaped,
- not too long neck
- very fluffy tail,
- legs are grayish with black coloring.
Regarding feather color, it is quite diverse. However, based on the name of the breed, all colors should be golden (this can be clearly seen in the photos presented). Although even here it is very difficult to distinguish shades, since almost every feather has a different color.
Quite often, the feather cover of the breast in chickens may be slightly salmon with brown shades, in turn, the neck is all golden in color with overflows. Males can also boast of red head and lower back feathers. The final touch is a completely black feather on the entire body.
In the open air
The appearance of the female
Feeding and feeding characteristics
Czech golden breed of chickens adapts well to various weather conditions. That is why it does not need special growing conditions. It is permissible to breed chickens in semi-free pens, subject to security guarantees for them.
In terms of feeding chickens of this breed, special attention should be paid to the chicks. Just at this time, the individual requires the accumulation in the body of the maximum number of necessary substances. Young animals in this case are recommended to eat pureed eggs, as well as crushed grain in the first days of life. Gradually, corn, bran, bone meal and yeast are added to their menu.
Do not forget about the balanced feeding of the hens, since all this affects the number of eggs laid.
Many poultry farmers feed an adult boiled egg, germinated grain, yeast, and ground egg shells to increase productivity. It is very important to use corn in feed moderately, so as not to allow the chickens to gain excess weight.
Novice poultry farmers for feeding individuals can use ready-made feed. Such products already contain all the useful and necessary vitamins and microelements. It is also advisable to add sand to these feeds. It promotes the digestion of grain foods and greens.
Representatives of the breed are quite active and mobile individuals. Chickens are able to dig around all the time in the walking area to find insects or seed remains. That is why it is very important to prepare a territory for walking, in which they will be able to spend the energy accumulated during the night period.
The advantages and disadvantages of growing
- undemanding in terms of growing conditions,
- the presence of a sufficiently developed instinct of motherhood,
- there is a high level of bird survival,
- in terms of food, the bird is almost unpretentious,
- high performance on egg production,
- sexual activity comes early.
Disadvantages: sometimes the birds are overly mobile, they can be shy.
Where to buy a bird for growing?
It is possible to acquire these feathered representatives on the territory of the St. Petersburg Federal State Unitary Enterprise “Genefund”, it is located in the village. Shushary Order or clarify the cost of chickens is by phone: +7 (812) 459-76-67 or 459-77-01.
Also Mozhaisk private farmstead is engaged in the sale of this species, which is located in the Mozhaisky district of the Moscow region. Cont. tel .: +7 (903) 001-84-29.
The cost of an incubation egg is 60 rubles, daily chickens 80 rubles, and chickens 700 rubles.
Many farmers give birth exclusively to these chickens as ornamental. And high rates of productivity of the breed are a pleasant surprise. Thanks to the combination of such qualities, the Czech breed has become incredibly popular.
The history of the breed
As can be understood from the name, this species of chickens was bred in the Czech Republic. For breeding work, individuals with high rates of egg productivity were selected, and the result was an excellent breed of laying hens for the household, capable of producing about 200 eggs during the year.
In Russia, these birds appeared not so long ago, in the second half of the 20th century. They immediately began to be popular, and today individuals of this species can be found in almost every farm.
Some breeders breed Czech golden chickens because of their beautiful plumage and attractive appearance. For this reason, the birds of this breed can be considered not only egg but also a decorative breed of hens.
Description and characteristics of the breed with photos
In the Czech Republic, this breed is called "gold-speck", which corresponds to the external characteristics of the bird. Indeed, the hens of this variety have brown-gray feathers with a black border, a golden-yellow head and a necklace of the same shade on the neck. The chest of birds has a salmon color with a light chocolate glow.
- small head
- a large, well-developed crest at the crown,
- dark, slightly curved beak,
- short strong neck
- black-gray short legs,
- fluffy beautiful tail.
- the weight of males reaches 2 kg, the body weight of females from 1.5 to 1.7 kg.
Attention! Daily chickens of the Czech hens of a golden-yellow color with black specks. This is a distinctive feature of the young of this breed.
This type of chickens has good egg productivity and relative precocity. Females of this breed are able to nest at the age of 5 to 6 months. During the year from 1 chicken you can get from 160 to 180 eggs. They are painted in cream color, have rather large sizes and weight of 50-60 g.Chickens of Czech breed are distinguished by precocity and high productivity.
Other distinguishing features of this breed include the high survival rate of young stock. This figure ranges from 90 to 96%, which is undoubtedly a good result. Birds of this breed rarely get sick and during molting in layers they have a strong immunity to various diseases to which their brethren are susceptible.
Features of the maintenance and care of the bird
The Czech breed of domestic chickens is considered to be one of the most popular in many states. This is due to the fact that birds are unpretentious to the conditions of detention, quickly adapt to the climate of the area and weather changes. In addition, chickens are undemanding to feed, as long as their quantity is sufficient and the chemical composition is balanced.
In order to successfully breed Czech golden chickens, a farmer needs to comply with a number of conditions, namely:
- to equip a comfortable chicken house for ten or more heads, for keeping at night (the room may be small, the main thing is that there is enough room for pockets and sitting places for everyone, and there are no drafts),
- provide individuals with sufficient food and water,
- prepare a spacious open-air cage for walking and take care of the safety of the livestock, protection from the ferret and birds of prey,
- maintain cleanliness at the location of the birds.
In addition, do not forget about timely vaccination, to avoid the loss of livestock from infectious diseases.
Diet and feeding
In order for the chickens to be well born, and the offspring was full and healthy, it is required to provide the herd with the necessary vitamins. In addition to the finished feed you need to feed the birds the following products:
- boiled eggs
- germinated grain
- bone meal.
The last ingredient contains a sufficient number of trace elements that positively affect the egg production of poultry. It is worth adding some sand to the feeders. This component has a beneficial effect on the digestive system of birds and protects the body from parasites.
Breeding and care for the young
In order to successfully breed poultry, it is important not only to provide comfortable conditions for keeping the livestock and to make a proper diet, but also to correctly choose chickens.
It is better to purchase chickens from a trusted manufacturer, at a poultry farm or from breeders with a good reputation, otherwise you can make an erroneous choice. For breeding should choose chickens under the age of 5 months.
Upon reaching 5.5 months in chickens, puberty begins, and they are capable of reproducing offspring. Special care for the young is not required. Chickens of the Czech golden breed have an excellent maternal instinct, and conscientiously engaged in raising chickens.
Attention! The survival rate of young stock is quite high, more than 90%, the level of preservation of adult livestock - 85-88%.
In order for the chickens to grow well, you should pay attention to their diet. From the very first weeks, the young need nutritional supplements in the form of frayed boiled eggs and crushed grain, and subsequently it will be necessary to gradually introduce maize, bran and bone meal.
Pros and cons of breed
Czech golden breed chickens have gained their popularity among breeders due to the following positive qualities:
- high adaptive abilities and undemanding to the conditions of detention
- unpretentiousness in the choice of food,
- high level of egg productivity,
- early puberty
- good maternal instinct in females,
- high rates of survival of chickens and adults.
The disadvantages of this breed can be considered extraordinary mobility. Birds are very energetic, so they need a spacious territory for walking to waste energy accumulated overnight. In addition, Czech chickens are somewhat nervous and fearful, for this reason, the farmer will need to make some efforts to ensure a population of comfortable existence.Chickens Czech breed fearful.
Tatyana. “I listened to the advice of experienced people and bought Czech chickens for breeding. I have never regretted my choice, the birds grow quickly, in my memory I have never been sick, capricious and undemanding. In addition, the chickens are very beautiful, nice to see the real decoration of the yard. ”
Victoria. “Chickens of this breed really have many advantages. They begin to rush early, the young growth is distinguished by excellent health, the percentage of mortality is negligible. But the great disadvantage is the nature of these birds. I would call them not just nervous, but even hysterical. The slightest excitement or fright, and they make a real stir. For the rest, I can’t say anything bad about this breed. ”
Czech golden breed of chickens: description, photo
Fermaved.ru »Poultry» Chickens »Features of the Czech breed of chickens
Chickens are one of the most popular domestic birds of many nations. They are unpretentious in care, live long enough and bring a lot of benefit to their owners in the form of light dietary meat and eggs mass annually. Depending on the goals of cultivation, farmers and simple owners opt for a particular breed of birds.
If the main task of breeding - getting a large amount of meat in a short time, the choice is better to stop on a broiler. But if the main goal is to provide the family with useful homemade eggs, then the laying hens become the leader. It is possible to talk about their varieties for a very long time, but the Czech breed of chickens takes undoubted leadership.
It is about her today and we will talk.
Czech golden breed of chickens
Detailed description of the breed and its origin
The birthplace of representatives of the breed, which is not difficult to guess from the name, is Czechoslovakia.
It was there that the task was set to derive a special type of poultry, which would be distinguished by high productivity in egg production.
To do this, scientists have selected only the best of the best representatives who can carry a lot of eggs. As a result of many years of work, a golden breed of chickens from Czechoslovakia appeared.
Anyone will say that in the homeland of these birds are affectionately called "gold-speck." Why does a chicken sound like Czech? The original color is to blame: the golden head is perfectly combined with feathers of a brown-gray shade, complemented by a black border.
At the same time, the breast was painted by nature in the bright color of salmon with chocolate tints. You can look at the photo, which most accurately convey all the features of the appearance of these layers. They differ from another household leader, the broiler.
The golden breed of chickens is so beautiful that sometimes lovers give birth to it in order to decorate their economy. Males of the breed most often have black feathers all over their bodies, with the exception of the head, back, and loins, which are colored bright red. The main physical characteristics can be summarized as follows:
- a powerful comb for roosters
- medium sized head
- strong and short neck
- dark beak with a slight bend,
- paws are rather short and painted black,
- fluffy tail
- average body weight in roosters, which reaches 2 kg, and in chickens - up to 1.6 kg.
In comparison with the Czech golden hens, broiler looks like a giant among poultry. Another feature of the breed is that only the appeared chick already has a golden-yellow color, complementing it with black dots.
The best representative of layers
Somewhat earlier, it was already mentioned that the original purpose of this type of poultry was the production of a large number of eggs. While the broiler was supposed to provide the host family with meat, these layers served another function.
Breeders have tried their best, because, according to statistics from farms, females are able to carry 150 to 170 units per year. These very impressive results are appealing to thousands of poultry farmers in different parts of the world. The egg produced by a hen of this breed has a rather large size and a good weight - about 50-55 g.
Another advantage of the breed is its unpretentious care. In addition, golden chickens are able to quickly adapt to the new climate, changing seasons and the characteristics of the area in which they live.
As for the food, which is necessary for representatives of the species, the main thing is that it contains all the chemical elements necessary for ordinary domestic birds.
and the feeding of feathered hens can be reduced to the following recommendations:
- feeders should always be filled and have enough food and water,
- it is necessary to maintain cleanliness and comfortable temperature conditions in the hen house,
- at the disposal of the birds should be an enclosure for walks,
- it is necessary to ensure timely vaccination to maintain the immunity of the hens, in order to prevent the loss of livestock from seasonal diseases.
- Boiled eggs, grains (sprouted), bran, yeast, maize, bone meal and egg shells should be added to the diet to improve egg productivity.
Little about breeding
Of course, every owner who has decided to start a new poultry, is looking for comprehensive information about the breed of interest. Professionals give some tips to novice poultry farmers who can ensure a successful start to the business.
- First, it is necessary to take a responsible approach to the choice of the future of the Czech Golden Golden Hens. The most reliable will be to purchase chicks at the poultry farm.
- Secondly, it is not necessary to buy individuals that have crossed the threshold of 5 months; at a young age, it is easier for them to adapt to the new conditions of life.
- Thirdly, it is required to provide youngsters with a full menu, including food additives and products listed above. This will create conditions for successful growth and increase the future productivity of chickens in laying eggs.
Sides of the coin
It is quite natural that each breed has positive and negative sides. The Czech breed of chickens, its description is no exception.
The undoubted advantage of the golden hen is its accelerated sexual maturity, which begins at the age of 5.5 months.
From this point on, young females are able to carry the first eggs, some can even become excellent chickens. Their developed maternal instinct is noted by many farmers.
Нельзя не упомянуть, что мясо таких пернатых обладает превосходным вкусом, главное — правильно подать блюдо к столу. К примеру, «гостем» торжества может стать курица с мясом по-чешски или курица с капустой по-чешски.
Но есть у этой птицы и недостатки. К ним, в частности, можно отнести излишнюю подвижность. The bird is always full of energy, it requires free territory and, accordingly, good nutrition. All day of such birds is built on activity. The heightened emotional excitability of chickens is also associated with this: they are often fearful and nervous.
Golden chickens have firmly won the leading position in the hearts of farmers in many countries, thanks to the simplicity and high egg production.
If these conditions are given to the hens, it will be possible to get excellent breadwinners for the whole family! The Czech real golden breed of chickens is a real pleasure for a professional, and a chicken cooked in Czech style is a delicious dish, so to deny yourself such a pleasure will be folly.
Poultry farmers should appreciate the benefits of this variety.
Czech golden is a young breed, bred in the 60s of the last century in the former Czechoslovakia. Setting a goal - to get a view with excellent egg production, Czech breeders selected for crossing local chickens with a high degree of egg production. The result was a breed whose members are able to carry up 200 eggs per year. In the early 1970s, Czech golden chickens began to spread throughout the world.
Appearance and physique
- Head - small.
- Beak - dark color, slightly arched.
- Crest - well formed and female and male. Has the form of a sheet and a bright red color.
- Neck - not very long, smoothly turns into a rectangular, medium-sized body.
- Tail - with lush plumage, it is richer and more for roosters.
- Legs - in proportion to the body short.
- Coloring - mostly yellow-gold with brown tint. At the same time, the chicken breast is covered with feathers of salmon color, and the neck is necessarily golden. The color of the rooster is rich in red feathers on the head, back and lower back, as well as black in the rest of the plumage.
These chickens are active and mobile, they can spend the whole day in the pen, picking at the ground. Accordingly, the birds of this breed demonstrate increased excitability, against this background they are fearful and nervous.
- Survival: chickens - 90%, adults - 80%.
- Weight: chickens - 2–2.5 kg, roosters - 2.3–2.8 kg.
- The ability to carry eggs manifests itself from 5 months.
- Egg production an average of 170 eggs per year, a maximum of about 200 eggs.
- Egg weight - 55–60 g. The shell has a cream color.
What to feed
Since the breed is active and, being on a walking range, it tries to spend excess energy, for its recovery the hens need good nutrition.
For the growth and development of chicks, correct selection of the diet is extremely important. The first couple of weeks, the youngsters are fed with crushed grain and grated egg. When the chickens grow up, at the age of two months, corn, yeast, bran and bone meal are added to the diet.
For good egg production, laying hens should be fed with high quality and balanced. Their diet should consist not only of ordinary grain, but also of germinated, including eggs and their shell (it can be replaced with chalk). Also in the diet include yeast and corn - in limited quantities, so as not to provoke obesity.
Being in the open-air cage and picking in the ground, chickens find various worms and bugs, which is also good for the body. Grass, planted in the pen, well complement the diet. Novice poultry farmers can use purchased feed with the addition of vitamins and minerals. In such feed it is necessary to mix sand, which will help the birds digest food better.
It is better to feed with grain in the morning and in the evening, and in the afternoon - with mineral additives, mash and greens. Sample menu for each day for one individual:
- grain - 50 g,
- bone meal - 2 g,
- mineral components and vitamins - 15 g,
- juicy greens - 30 g,
- mash - 40 g
Conditions of detention
Czech chickens are not particularly demanding to the living conditions, they can easily adapt to the climate in the area where they will have to live. If the area is safe for chickens, they can live in semi-free conditions.
Although chickens are distinguished by high endurance, these birds need a quality room for a comfortable sleep and wintering.
A chicken coop must meet certain requirements:
- The area of the room depends on the number of birds, at the rate of 1 square. m square for 4 hens.
- The floor can be earthen, cast of concrete or wood (preferably in two layers with insulation). A bed of straw or sawdust spreads on it, 10 cm thick in the summer and 15 cm in the winter.
- Room temperature: in the summer of 22 ° С, in the winter not lower than 15 ° С.
- Perches should be removable for ease of cleaning, made of timber with rounded corners. The length is calculated taking into account the fact that one bird needs 30 cm length of the pole.
- Nests are arranged from boxes or baskets at the rate of 1 nesting place for 4 hens. For convenience, the bottom can be made tilted to roll the eggs into a specially equipped egg collector. The bottom of the nest is lined with straw.
- For the safety of livestock, in addition to vaccination against diseases, it is necessary to carry out cleaning and disinfection every two months in the premises of the hen house.
A place for walking, if you block it near the hen house, you need to plan at the rate of 7 square meters. m per bird. In general, the more places to walk, the higher the productivity. The corral is fenced off with a net-rabbi. To protect against predators, the fence needs to be deepened into the ground by 30 cm. From above they also stretch a net, saving them from predatory birds or shading a yard.
Feeders and drinkers
In the distribution network, you can buy any devices for food and water - the main thing is that they are sufficient for the simultaneous feeding of the entire livestock.
You can adapt something that is at home, given that it is better to pour only dry food in wooden containers, and plastic or iron containers are easy to clean.
Advantages and disadvantages
- High survival rate - more than 90%.
- The instinct of motherhood is perfectly developed - beautiful hens.
- The content of unpretentious, easily adapt to different conditions.
- The early start of egg production is from 5 months.
- The feed is not demanding.
- High productive abilities.
Poultry farmers have only one drawback in chickens of this breed - they are very active, because of this they are shy.
Breed description Czech Golden
The head of the Czech golden chickens is not very large. It has a slightly curved beak that has a dark color. The comb is well developed in chickens and in roosters. It has a leaf-shaped and bright red color.
The small head of the bird is on the neck of medium length. She gradually turns into a small rectangular body, at the end of which is a well-developed lush tail. Roosters have it big enough. The legs of the bird, in relation to the body, are short. Usually their colors can range from gray to black.
As the name implies, Czech golden chickens are golden yellow in color.. Each feather of this breed has a light brown tint.
In this case, the chickens chest has a salmon color with a brown tint. The hens and roosters have golden plumage on their necks, but in roosters, the head, back and loins are colored bright red. All the rest of the plumage at the same time remains black.
Content and cultivation
Czech golden chickens easily adapt to a variety of climatic conditions, so they do not require strict conditions of detention.
This breed of chickens can be kept in semi-free conditions if the owner of the site can guarantee their livestock safety.
As for the feeding of this breed, most attention should be paid to chickens. It is at this age that poultry needs the maximum possible supply of nutrients into the body.
To do this, they give a grated egg and crushed grain in the first weeks of life. As you grow older, corn, bran, bone meal and yeast can be added to the diet of young.
It is also important to properly feed adult laying hens, as the number of eggs laid depends on the diet. Breeders feed adult Czech golden chickens with boiled eggs, germinated grain, yeast, and ground egg shells to improve egg production. In this case, one should not forget about corn, which does not allow the bird to gain excess body weight.
Sexual maturity of egg-laying chickens begins at the age of five months. It is at this point that the hens can complete the first egg-laying. Usually in the first year of productivity, they can carry from 160 to 200 eggs, depending on the individual. On average, the eggs of this breed of chickens weigh 55 g. They have a creamy shell.
Due to a well-developed maternal instinct, the safety of the young of this breed of chickens is more than 90%, and adults - 80%.
Where can I buy in Russia?
- Czech golden chickens can be purchased on the territory of the St. Petersburg Federal State Unitary EnterpriseGene pool, Which is geographically located in the village of Shushary. All birds are purebred, so they can be used for breeding. To make an order and find out the exact cost of the bird, please call +7 (812) 459-76-67 or 459-77-01.
As an analogue breed, you can use Russian white chickens. They are completely unpretentious to any conditions of detention. In addition, they were bred with increased resistance to neoplasms, so all birds are resistant to this disease.
They are well suited for beginner breeders, because they do not require special care. However, this breed of chickens does not have such an “elegant” plumage as the Czech golden one.
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One of the best egg breeds is considered Leggorn. Laying of this breed lay the maximum possible number of eggs per year, which allows the farm to get the maximum profit. Unfortunately, such chickens are more suitable for experienced breeders, as they require a special diet.
Czech golden chickens are a breed that could combine high egg production and beautiful plumage. Some amateur breeders purchase these poultry solely for decorative purposes, using good egg production as a nice addition. This combination of breed characteristics made Czech golden chickens especially popular.
Keeping, care and breeding hens breed Czech golden
Hens of breed Czech golden ready to lay eggs after reaching the age of 5.5 months and in the first year they are able to bring about 160-170 eggs, dwarf eggs - 100-120.
Eggs weigh, on average, 55 g, for dwarf ones - 40 g, the shade of the shell is cream. Czech golden chickens are very good mothers. The safety of the young is very good, more than 90%, but less than 80% of adult birds.
Breeding chickens breed Czech golden formerly engaged in poultry farms, but now it is popular mainly among amateur poultry farmers, it is bred in private farmsteads.
It is popular for a combination of good egg production and decorative qualities. The main part of the breed is stored in the collection as a breeding reserve.
Hens of breed Czech golden differ in activity and mobility, therefore for them the outdoor maintenance with a large range is preferable, as well as semi-free conditions will suit them.
Representatives of this variety of chickens are well adapted to the climatic conditions of Central Europe. They are unpretentious, hardy and active in obtaining food.
Feeding hens Czech breed golden
For feeding Czech breed Golden Chicken There are no separate recommendations.
Usually, chickens are first fed with crushed grain and grated egg. Then you can add chopped greens, wheat bran, bones, potatoes, beets, carrots, yeast to the diet. Corn is introduced from two months.
The diet of adults should include cereals, potatoes, roots (such as carrots, beets), fish and clover flour, greens, vegetables, dairy products, yeast, eggshell, which prevents stagnation of food, as well as being a source of calcium in the winter. period.
It is very important for all breeds of chickens that the feed is optimally balanced. Layers are given food enriched with vitamins and easily digestible protein. You can germinate for them grain.
In the diet must be corn to prevent obesity. Perfect ready-made feed for farm birds, it contains all the necessary elements.
Some poultry farmers recommend that sand be added to chickens as fine solids have a beneficial effect on digestion.