Boer goats belong to the meat variety. Many farmers breed these goats solely for the sake of milk production. The fact is that goat meat is considered tough and tasteless, so it is not very popular. The meat of the Boer breed to taste resembles veal, which is highly valued by gourmets.
In addition, animals have a truly Olympic health, immune to most diseases and unpretentious in food. From this article you will learn all the features of breeding this amazing breed.
The Boer breed of goats was bred in South Africa at the beginning of the twentieth century. Perhaps due to the harsh conditions of their small homeland, the breed has excellent immunity.
The fact that animals belong to the meat breed can be determined by the large structure of the body. The weight of an adult male can reach 120 kilograms. Females look a bit more modest, but still impressive - about 100 kilograms.
The color of the animals is as follows: white body and brown head. The ears of goats are pendulous, with this feature they resemble the Nubian breed. But this is where the similarities end.
Wide bones, well developed muscles and a surprisingly proportionate body structure.
An interesting detail that is worth paying attention to is the udder of the goats. On it you can find four nipples.
Due to their appearance, Boer goats can be bred not only for commercial purposes. If funds permit, representatives of this breed can be made as a kind of live landscape decoration. Immediately it should be noted that the pleasure is not cheap.
In general, the goats of this breed are very calm and non-conflict animals. They get along well with other livestock representatives. Even joint grazing and maintenance is possible.
Feeding Boer goats
In the winter season, the diet of the Boer goats consists of hay, oilcake, root crops and vegetables. In general, goats are extremely unpretentious animals in terms of feeding, so you can try to diversify their diet. Adding and trying new food, you can find a more practical and profitable power scheme.
In the warm season, animals feed on green fodder on pastures. It is possible and even necessary to feed the Boer goats along with other pets. For example, sheep or horses.
The fact is that the representatives of the Boer breed, are gaining weight even on poor pastures or poorly grazed. In addition, the goats prefer more sprigs of trees and leaves. Thus, different types of livestock may well find food on the same pasture.
The Boer breed of goats is not very susceptible to low temperatures, so if winter is moderate in your region, then you should not pay much attention to heating the room. The main thing is that the temperature does not fall below 5 degrees Celsius.
But the humidity of the air should pay attention. Being in a too wet room can adversely affect the health of even these hardy animals. The recommended moisture value should not exceed 80%.
Important! In winter, the daylight hours for your wards should be at least 8 hours.
The floor in the shed is recommended to fall asleep with sawdust. This is done to ensure that the legs of the goats are not cold. Like most livestock breeds, in the Boer breed hoofs are a weak point.
In addition, do not forget about vaccination and regular inspection of the entire herd at the vet.
Puberty females occurs in five months. Although the goats are already quite ready to mate, experienced farmers recommend waiting another 1-2 months.
The first pregnancy, as a rule, is one-fruited, but in the subsequent litter the female will regularly bring at least two goats.
Boer goats do not have high yield. During lactation, the female can produce about two liters of milk per day. This may not be enough to feed the young, so providing the kids with milk will fall on the shoulders of the farmer.
It is worth noting that the kids are perfectly gaining weight. At three months of age, the baby can weigh from 30 to 40 kilograms.
Important! If you decide to cross the Boer breed with others, then give preference to the Nubian or Angora.
Breed popularity in Russia
As already mentioned, goat meat is not in great demand in Russia, so the breed has not yet received widespread and widespread distribution.
But given the fact that recently goat goats bought restaurants, Boer goats are beginning to be in demand. If you decide to buy goats of this breed, you can contact the following organizations:
- The farm "Capri" offers to buy goats of the Boer breed. Price from 80 000 rubles. Detailed information by phone: +7 (915) 025-32-92.
- Farm "Svetlaya" sells representatives of the Boer breed wholesale and retail. Specify the price by phone: +7 (913) 000-34-84.
Boer goat foreigner
The head is large with a prominent forehead and curved profile. A very noticeable decoration are heavy horns, not short directed in opposite directions. Ears are located on the sides of a rather large hanging. The thick neck is located on the mighty shoulders, the chest of these animals is massive, deep, developed, the back is straight, long and wide. The udder for feeding goats has four nipples, not two. The legs are strong, the hooves are well shaped.
Weigh goats eighty kilograms, and goats ninety kilograms. For two years, goats of this breed are multiples. 3 goats. A goat only for the first time appears one goat, and then only two. Only born babies weigh four kilograms, every day they add at least four hundred and fifty grams in weight. Slaughter yield fifty four kilograms. Milk goats give, it lacks only enough to feed the kids about two kilograms. The meat of these goats is tender with the aftertaste and smell of a young calf, not fat, suitable for preparing dietary dishes. You can use wool, goatskin for making various handicrafts.
Boer goats are particularly common in Africa, America, New Zealand. In America, goats are bred in the state of Texas.
In the diet, the Boer goats are not whimsical, costing poor pastures that are not suitable for cattle. Normally feel at an elevated temperature in the environment, very sensitive and caring mothers. Have excellent immunity to diseases. Their character is kind, non-conflict and peaceful.
Due to their natural calmness, this breed can be grazed with representatives of cattle, sheep, horses, but for pasture it is most useful for grazing if sheep and goats graze side by side because pastures are then used with maximum effect.
There is interbreeding, the Nubian breed is most often used for this purpose, but many breeders are fans of purebred Boer goats.
But at the same time there is a flaw, which is quite serious. Boer goats love to tear off hedges, small trees in the place where at least one such goat lives, the possibility of the emergence of new shrubs is reduced to zero.
Boer goats are often put up in decorative exhibitions. Very few owners can keep herds of goats that do not generate income, and a couple of copies for the rest of the soul will not hurt anyone. In addition, if it is the Boer goats calm, gentle and loving.
Potato Breeze Description.
Boer breed goats
Boer goats are medium height animals with well developed muscle mass. Chest wide, dropped below the elbows. The back is strong, the topline is good, the waist is wide, the croup is moderately sloping. The color is preferred white with a brown groove on the face. Brown spots on the body and limbs are allowed. Ears set low, drooping and long. The horns are well developed.
Boer goats are quick-moving and have a low threshold for breeding. They quickly gain muscle mass with the right type of feeding. The breeding site of this breed left its mark - such goats adapt well to different climatic conditions, tolerate hot and dry weather.
The distinctive features of the breed include:
- meat direction of productivity,
- high quality products,
- polyether cycle - able to go into the mating year round,
- calm non-conflict nature.
Thanks to a good temper, the Boer goats can be fed together with horses, sheep and cows. Joint grazing with cattle helps optimize pasture use during the growing season. Goats willingly eat branch feed, willow, conifers, maple and aspen.
The Boer breed is crossed with the Nubian to increase the milk productivity of the offspring of the first generation. Many breeders are against such interbreeding. Crossbreeding with other beef breeds is less common.
- a constitution - large, stocky animals with a barrel-shaped body,
- the goats have a powerful head and neck
- suit - white with red markings,
- head - at least 75% brown color,
- the tail may be brown, but not continue on the croup,
- the neck and body may be brown but not further than the blade line,
- markings on the extremities and trunk - no more than 10 cm in diameter,
- horns slightly curved - twisted are not allowed,
- borsky goats with blue eyes are disqualified,
- You can not leave the tribe of goats with cryptorchidism.
The merits of the Boer goats
The positive features of the breed include:
- high fecundity of goats - manufacturers,
- females' year-round ability to cover,
- resistant maternal instinct in goats,
- meat of good taste,
- good immunity and resistance to diseases
- they are not subject to overheating,
- good economic payback
- unpretentiousness to food,
- low losses during intensive grazing and tebenevki.
Cons of the Boer Goat
Despite all the positive features of the Boer goats, they have several disadvantages:
- fear of cold and drafts,
- high productivity is observed only in purebred animals,
- propensity to eat and trampling of any green mass - from grass of natural and sown land to ornamental plantings and flowers.
Due to its high fertility, Boer goats can be kittens up to 3 times a year. The duration of pregnancy in goats is 5 months. It is important not to abuse the polycyclicity of females, so as not to exhaust them with gestation, giving birth and feeding the kids.
The Boer goats ripen in physiology at 6 months, but it is still too early to allow them to mate at the age of six months. Usually, a goat brings one goat to the first lambing; in the following months it gives birth to 2-3 babies.
The Boer breed uterus has an average live weight of 70-75 kg, kids at 3.5 months of age - 25 kg, with a slaughter yield of 50%. The average daily gain in live weight over the growing period is 200-250 g. With intensive fattening, the average daily gain can reach 400 g.. The meat of high quality Boer goats. It has a delicate taste and aroma of veal.
Features care and maintenance
During the growing season, the Boer goats are kept on pasture. Boer goats coexist well in neighboring stalls with cows, rams and horses. They also willingly graze in pastures with them. Boer goats are unpretentious in food, eat any high-quality food.
Goats graze in a special way, preferring leaves, shoots of bushes, hedges and trees, and thus protect the area from zagazarivaniya. Abroad, this feature of goats is actively used as an eco-friendly and cheap way to clean pastures and meadows from thickets. In our country, this problem is particularly relevant in the central regions of the European part of the country.
Boer goats rarely give up their kids, so the man only controls the process of care and help of the female goats. In winter, the water needs to be heated. The goats should have had the opportunity to replenish the supply of minerals with the help of a piece of salt - licensed. For the winter, goats are harvested not only for hay and straw, but also for pine branches and felled trees. Goats knit brooms from aspen, willow and birch with flax. The goat eats the last bouquets not so willingly.
Goats should always have access to clean water. The shed must be disinfected and whitened. Stall securely attached. Cattle shed should be warm, do not skip drafts and not be very wet. An excessively humid environment contributes to the reproduction and growth of pathogenic bacteria.
The diet of feed should be divided into two seasons and have a difference in the daily allowance. The whole herd is divided into groups of productivity. Modern feeding of farm animals suggests removing the green conveyor from the diet. The basic ration is calculated on:
- roughage - hay, straw,
- juicy - haylage, silage,
- root crops and concentrates.
First, the basic ration is calculated without concentrates, which should be added to each class of productivity depending on age. Newborn babies can be drunk naturally under the uterus or manually from a nipple. Before giving birth, the goat is restricted in concentrates, bulky feeds and water.
In the Boer goats, features are noted in the period of sucrose. Due to the large-size fetus complication of labor is possible. Therefore, the lambing period is better controlled and be able to quickly call the vet.
The history of development
The Boer goat breed was introduced at the beginning of the twentieth century on the territory of South Africa by mixing the local goat offspring with Western animals. The basis for the breed were the goats of the African tribes Nama and San, as well as some Indian and European goats. This breed was bred with the aim of creating a hardy and unpretentious goat of meat productivity.
The most active Boer goats are bred in South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, and the USA. The number of livestock in European countries is gradually increasing.
Active work is being carried out on crossing the Boers with other breeds. The best results are given by a mixture with Zaanensky, Angora, Toggenburg, Kykko, Dzhamnapari. When dairy goats are coated with Boer goats, it is possible to increase the fat content of milk and the weight of goats, while preserving the maximum milk yield.
Boer goats in Russia
Russia remains one of the few countries in the world in which there is not a single meat breed of goats. In order to develop meat goat production in Russia, at the first stage it is necessary to create breeding lamb breeding centers for the Boer goats. The number of breeding animals must be at least 15% of the total number of animals. Thus, if we take 1.0 million coarse-haired goats as a base, the number of breeding Boer goats in Russia should be at least 150 thousand heads (according to the National Union of Sheepkeepers). But so far, the Boer goats are represented in our country only by a small population in LPH.
The animals were bred in South Africa, in South Africa. The result was obtained by crossing local goat breeds with animals that were imported from Europe and India. When crossing, the breeders wanted a breed that showed excellent meat indicators.
The name of the Boer goat received from the Dutch word "boer", which means "farmer". The second name of the animal is boster.
Distribution in Russia
Today in Russia, not many farmers are breeding Boer goats. For this reason, it is beneficial to start your own business with breeding animals of this breed, due to low competition. One breeding animal can be purchased in the country at a price of about 60,000 rubles and more.
Goats of this breed are grown not only for meat and wool, but also for decorative purposes. Attractive exterior makes the breed special, because it is often found on the territory of many private zoos.
A distinctive feature of the Boer goats is a massive body. The weight of females reaches 90-100 kilograms, while the males weigh much more - from 110 to 135 kilos. To the touch long, smooth coat is very pleasant. The animals have long horns, slightly curved toward the ridge. The breed is characterized by a bulging large head, drooping ears and a Roman nose.
Boer goats are dominated by short, strong and well-fed legs with heavy and dense hooves. The animals are well developed chest, back and hips. Goats have a short, non-hanging tail in a standing position. A characteristic feature is the presence of an udder with a different number of nipples in females. There are goats with 1,2 or 4 nipples. Such a defect does not affect the health and productive qualities of the animal. Usually, extra nipples are poorly developed.
Almost always the color of the head is brown and the body is white. But some individuals have spots of brown shade almost throughout their skin. In the case of crossing a Boer goat from another breed, the coat color may be fawn, black, and sometimes spotted.
Boer goats have good productivity indicators. Отличительными характеристиками самок и самцов являются такие данные, представленные в таблице ниже:
Беременность бурской козы длится 5 месяцев. Козы кормят козлят своим молоком в течение 90-100 дней. В трехмесячном возрасте фермеры часто отправляют козлят на убой, в этот период вес животного достигает около 35 килограмм.
Рацион питания бурских коз
Boer goats feed on various foods. Their diet is recommended to build on the basis of such ingredients:
- potatoes, carrots, beets and other vegetables,
- sunflower cake,
- food waste,
Boer goat breeds are considered very unpretentious in the diet. They will be happy to feast on food, even if it is not enough - it will be quite enough for them. In the summer, they are released on pastures, where animals feed off pastures. Goats consume almost everything that seems edible to them. They can also find food in places where other animals have recently grazed. Often, the Boer goats are bred to destroy the vegetation that grows near the house.
One adult goat requires about 9 pounds of greens per day. In winter, she will be enough:
- hay - 1.5-2 kg,
- concentrated feed - 300 g,
- fresh root crops - 2-4 kg,
- other feed - 200-300 g.
It is important to include in the diet of the Boer goats mineral supplements. Use regular table salt - it is placed in a stall in an amount of not more than 7 grams. For pregnant females, chalk or bone meal is added to the diet. The same supplement is given to seven days old kids.
With a lack of food, the goat may begin to dwindle and the quality of the meat deteriorate. But more often than not, animals do not react in any way to poor nutrition, they consume everything that the farmer gives them. The main condition for proper feeding is free access to clean drinking water.
It is beneficial to breed goats of this breed. The increase in the economic benefit from the Boer goats is real due to the fact that the animals are highly resistant to diseases. Goats easily adapt to any conditions, breed well, are unpretentious in the diet, and also provide high-quality meat during slaughter.
Breeding Boer goats requires adherence to certain rules:
- Males-producers are somewhat different in the quality of fertilization. Even the weakest goats after mating produce strong and healthy offspring, which after 9 days gain weight in 30-35 kg. Within 5 months after the birth of the kids, they become sexually mature and ready to mate. It takes about 2 years, 9 months to restore and feed the kids. Next comes the release and coating of the goat.
- When kids are born, all the milk goes to feed them. During this period it is fatty, tasty and healthy. If the farmer plans to take milk, the goat is weaned 14 days after birth. In such a situation, the farmer is required to independently decide what to do with the milk. There are two options: after milking, manually give the milk to the young, and leave the rest to be consumed, or allow the goat to take care of the offspring itself, so that the kids suck milk from the udder.
During the first month, the kids are fed 4 times a day, then reduce the number of meals to 3.
- Experienced farmers know that the most viable and healthy kids are born in early spring. In the Boer goats, the term for carrying a kid is 5 months (150 days). Best of all, when the female becomes pregnant in autumn (October-November). In addition, during the period of birth and early development, greens appear, thanks to which the animals will receive all the microcomponents required for the organism.
- Females are fertilized throughout the year. It will be possible to obtain a quality and stable offspring if there are several goats for the entire pen with females. One male can cover 50 females.
It is very easy to determine the right time for mating. Initially, the period of hunting a goat is calculated - it varies from 1-2 days. At this time, the animals behave restlessly, stop feeding, constantly meke, the outer parts of their vaginas swell. If the female was not fertilized from the first time, it is necessary to repeat the process during the next hunt - it appears every 2-3 weeks.
Crossing the Boer goat with other breeds is possible, but this process can cause several difficulties. First of all, it is necessary to choose a pair for crossing carefully - the quality of meat products depends on it.
To create a hybrid, it is recommended to choose Nubian type breeds. It is better that the female was Nubian, the male - the Boer breed. The quality of the goat in this case is not in last place, because only with a high level of seed and genetics will be able to get a healthy offspring.
Even the average female is able to give birth to a quality kid. Such young growth develops quickly. If the producer is of poor quality, the weight of a kid in three months will vary within 15 kilograms.
It is recommended to cross goats not only with Nubians, but also with such breeds:
If the farmer plans to get excellent results in breeding, it is recommended to cross the Boer goats with the breeds described above, because purebred mixing will cost you at an exorbitant price. But when mixing the Burtans with other breeds, the cost of meat will be slightly lower.
Breeding goat is required to cross with a female of one of the breeds. Next, the resulting offspring is crossed again with a thoroughbred burtsom, but different. Animals should not be one lambing - crossing close relatives can lead to the fact that the offspring will turn out weak and unproductive.
Purebred cattle is one in which more than 75% of the Boer breed is in the blood. That is, the second generation of animals - purebred goats. They are considered valuable and in demand among real gourmets.
Puberty in females occurs at 5 months. But experts recommend extending the barrenness of females for one to two months. The first offspring is one goat. Next, the female will lead 2 or more kids. Toddlers give birth with a weight of about 4 kg. Excellent development and rapid growth provides the kids with a good weight gain per day - 250-500 g.
Boer females do not have good yield. During the lactation period, the female gives about 2 liters of milk per day, for this reason it is not always enough for the lactating kids. Because of this, farmers may need to feed the kids from the bottle with the teat.
Care for the young and its growing
Newborn kids get up on their feet almost immediately after birth - for 3-4 days. During this period, they already begin to graze, eat dry food and drink water. Around the same time, the kids are allowed to release in the general herd. The farmer can not be afraid for the safety of babies, because the goats will never harm the young.
From birth to 14 days, kids are recommended to keep close to their mother so that they are supplied with sufficient milk. After the babies are two weeks old, they are separated from the mother, and begin to be fed from the bottle three times a day. In milk, it is desirable to add a decoction of oats and carrot juice.
At the age of one month, experienced farmers advise adding hay decoction, crushed wheat bran. During this period, kids are fed 2 times a day. Usually the young stock itself refuses a bottle, preferring hay and mixed fodder.
Due to the fact that the Boer goats are a meat breed, it is advisable to allow the goat to drink goat's milk in the quantities that he wants. If the kid has already grown, but does not break away from the mother, while continuing to suck milk, put a bag of linen on the goat's udder.
Why trim the hoof?
Care for the hooves of the Boer goat is one of the most important stages. Hoof trimming is necessary in order to avoid the development of diseases of the extremities. Many breeding farmers know that animals of this breed often suffer from foot problems. For this reason, several times a year they are given similar procedures. The first cutting is carried out in the winter period, the second - before the first pastures of cattle.
In the summer, the hooves are ground by themselves, due to which the farmer does not have to interfere. For cleaning of hoofs use a secateur with straight blades.
Act according to this scheme:
- Clean up all the dirt from under the hooves. Check where the dry part of the hoof ends and soft tissue begins.
- Cut the horn from the outside of the hoof.
- Continue to perform the action until you can get to the soft part of the hoof.
- Proceed to circumcision of the heel. Do this very carefully so as not to injure the legs of the goat.
- Cut the second half of the hoof on the same system.
- Trim hoof.
How much is?
The price of one copy varies in the range of 1.5-8 thousand dollars. For these reasons, farmers breeding this breed prefer to purchase goat sperm rather than the animals themselves. This allows you not to spend large sums of money. Artificial insemination contributes to the birth of several goats at once, and after a goat appears in the offspring, it will not be necessary to buy sperm. The disadvantage of this method lies in the long wait and the possibility of the birth of a baby whose appearance does not meet the standards.
Acquisition of young for future breeding and further breeding requires the right approach. The farmer must inspect the animal's fur and its external characteristics, pay attention to the behavior of the goat. If the baby is healthy, he will be constantly active.
It is equally important when choosing to measure the length and height of the body, the width of the ears. Sellers must have on hand all the necessary documents for purchase, medical certificates, as well as the passport of the animal, where vaccinations are indicated. An individual that does not correspond to the breed is unlikely to be returned to the seller, therefore a responsible approach to the inspection process is required.
What are the pros and cons of the breed?
The Boer breed of goats has both advantages and disadvantages. Before you start breeding, the farmer needs to know about them. There are such positive points:
- have a calm and friendly character
- Goat meat is considered a high-quality product.
- animals have increased resistance to disease,
- have a high level of offspring performance in males,
- goats are unpretentious in food,
- females breed well and are able to take great care of kids,
- breeding allows you to get a good profit, which will pay for all maintenance costs,
- animals are resistant to high temperatures
- They are characterized by high resistance to any conditions.
- Boer goats tend to destroy all vegetation that is within their reach,
- only purebred animals provide high-quality meat products,
- animals do not differ high resistance to cold climate and frost.
Where animals are kept it is impossible to grow flowers or shrubs - goats simply gnaw them.
There are not so many reviews on the Web about the Boer goats, because the minimum number of farmers is breeding in Russia, due to the expensive cost of animals. But those who develop the business speak positively about the cattle.
Fedor, 48, owner of his own house
I decided to build a business on the breeding of the Boer goats. I chose this breed due to low competition. From familiar farmers he learned that animal meat is of high quality, resembles beef in taste. I noticed that goats are unpretentious in food and content, they calmly behave in relation to goats of other breeds. I had no difficulties with keeping goats, so I plan to continue breeding them in order to sell meat, especially since you can send goats to slaughter as early as three months.
Elena, 54 years old, farmer
I was originally engaged in breeding goats, constantly acquiring more and more new breeds. From friends I heard about Boer goats, got interested. Through them, they managed to buy a male and a female. I like animals: they have a calm character, attractive appearance. In addition, goats are not whimsical in the diet, taking care of them is required in the same way as ordinary goats. They admired the taste of meat: no goat meat flavor, delicate texture. It remains to get another male for further reproduction.
Evgeniy, 43 years old, breeder
I heard about the Boer goats from my friend, who built a good business on animal breeding. I decided to try to start my own business. Fortunately there was money to buy a male and several females. So, in a few years more goats appeared. Began to sell meat. I have enough for life. And with the animals almost no difficulty - my goats rarely get sick, walk a lot, eat well.
Boer goats are animals that have attractive external characteristics and are distinguished by high productive indicators. This meat breed is considered one of the best, due to the rapid growth and weight gain of animals.
Boer goats are not very susceptible to extreme cold. In moderate winters, keeping goats is not a problem. It is important that the air is not colder than the “minus” of 5 degrees. In the cold, you should not let animals out of the barn to the street; they don’t want to walk in the snow.
Tip: The room should not be wet, the maximum allowable rate of humidity in it is not more than 80 percent. Daylight in the winter should be increased by lighting up to eight hours.
The floor of the shed is covered with a bed of sawdust, then the goat's legs will not be able to freeze. The hooves of the Boer animals must be trimmed and in a healthy state (minimally done a couple of times a year, in the fall and spring months), if they are wounded, the peddler of infections will get there, it will be difficult to save the animal. Regular vaccination and veterinary examination of the goat herd is also relied upon.
Advantages and disadvantages
Boer purebred goat has many positive qualities: well developed, resistant to temperature fluctuations, better tolerate hot weather and a dry climate, adapts to different conditions of detention, resistant to various diseases characteristic of goats and sheep, endowed with strong immunity, farmers like for their peace-loving nature . Also, goats are unpretentious in food, graze even on scarce glades. The performance of goats is very high. Females quickly become covered, take care of the cubs, feed with their milk.
Tip: With the sale of juicy Bursa goat meat, you can get a lot of profit, which will fully pay back the costs.
Of the minuses can be noted the difficult and long-term adaptation of goats in cold latitudes in the northern regions. Excellent quality goat meat can be obtained only from purebred Boer animals. Mixed types have less tasty and tender meat. It requires periodic review and cutting of the hooves of goats, otherwise they will grow quickly, which can bring a number of inconveniences to the goat, and may lead to diseases. Where goats will graze, it is impossible to plant cultivated plants and flowers, otherwise everything will be eaten by horned animals. The same happens with trees and shrubs, the shoots and foliage of which are quickly eaten by goats.
General breed description
Boer goat breeds are quite large, somewhat superior in size to their domestic species. An adult male reaches weight 110-135 kg, females less than 90-100 kg. It is possible to determine the breed of a goat by the color of the hair on the head, it is brown in them - this is their characteristic feature. The rest of the body is white, but it is provided that the goat is purebred. For those who are going to breed, you need to know the characteristics of the form:
- cattle hair is short, smooth to the touch,
- the horns of an animal of standard length, curved back,
- ears hanging large. The skull has a convex shape and a roman nose,
- The limbs of a goat are small in comparison with its total weight and size, but dense, well-fed. They have a very strong musculature, especially in the chest, thighs and back. The tail is small and has a standing character,
- the udder does not always have two nipples, there are also those that have four. This defect is deemed acceptable. At the same time, two additional nipples are underdeveloped.
Boer goats have well-developed musculature.
The growth of the animal is quite fast, they are widely distributed throughout the world, as well acclimatized. Perfectly tolerate heat and can live in a bit cold.
Goats of this species are resistant to many types of diseases, so the livestock remains holistic almost always. Investing in breeding goats is also beneficial because they are a source of high quality meat, and breeding is simple. They are not capricious, both in character and in terms of conditions. They can live well with other cattle.
Boer goats get along well with other breed goats
Characteristics of the Boer breed
You can determine the pure blood of the breed, even by its appearance. The head of the Boer goats is almost always brown, in some cases, the animals acquire such a color, usually the body is white. When mixing rocks, some characteristics are different.
Boer goats differ in coloring - the head is brown, the body is white
The mass growth of a goat per day is highly dependent not only on the conditions created, but also on pregnancy and lactation. In the process of carrying and feeding, the weight gain of the female slows down somewhat. According to statistics, 100 females produce 150-180 kids for 1 year.
Some species even exist inside the breed, for example, the German Boer animals are slightly smaller in size, by 20–30% than the African ones, the other characteristics are identical.
German Boer goat
African Boer Goat
The value of the Boer goats
Remember that the main advantage and value of the breed is meat. The content in their bodies of meat is large enough, so, the slaughter yield is 54%. Ultimately, a high-quality product with a delicate, juicy taste. Нет неприятного запаха, знакомого многим, запах скорее как у телятинки.
Вкус мяса немного специфичен, напоминает говядину, но если есть необходимость в нейтрализации этих вкусовых ощущений, козлов можно кастрировать. Castration is carried out in infancy, such kids are slaughtered with a weight of 30-35 kg for the most delicate consistency.
The meat of the Boer goats has a delicate, juicy taste.
Another valuable product derived from animals is the skin. It is used for the preparation of various products, most of all used in the textile industry. Things from goat fur have an average thermal conductivity. The skin can be allowed on shoes, outerwear, and wool - on warm clothes. Due to the strong smell of goat fur is not much appreciated, but the Boer breed does not have such a pronounced, specific smell.
Meat, skin and milk can be obtained from the Boer goats
Dairy products can also be obtained from goat breeding. Meat goats, like the usual medium wool varieties, produce milk. This allows you to compensate for losses on feeding the animal and get the first to arrive even before slaughter. The amount of dairy products is significantly less than that of milk types.
In general, those who breed these goats should be aware that the conditions of detention can be very diverse. They adapt well, but some factors must be taken into account. So, clear water should always be within reach (and in large quantities).
Boer goat needs plenty of drinking water
Breeding an animal does not require large expenditures on their care, as their character is calm and non-conflict. You can graze with other cattle. Excellent live with cows, horses, sheep.
Goats do not tolerate cold, so the stall should be heated, and the temperature should exceed + 5ºС. With a sufficient number of animals, heating of high power is not needed, so you can switch to a more profitable option - biological heating with bedding and bacteria for manure. This will allow for a long time not to remove the excrement, there will be no sharp smell. At the same time the temperature in the litter will reach about 50ºС, this is enough for winters of temperate climate. In the future, this will have a beneficial effect on the health of the limbs, and the excreta with bedding will be a good fertilizer.
Boer goats do not tolerate cold
The Boer type is resistant to viral diseases, but depressed immunity provokes diseases, so you have to control the humidity. Moderate humidity is considered to be about 55-60%, with an increase in this percentage, pathogenic bacteria are actively developing. The ventilation system must be in good condition or regularly ventilate the room. Vaccination is a necessary part of care, as is a vet examination.
The sensitivity of the animal to the duration of daylight is noticed. It must be at least 8 hours. An important aspect of the content is free space. Animals are quite active and spend a lot of time in motion. For a comfortable feeling of a goat you need about 4 m 2 of area.
Boer goats are active and need large rooms.
Goat hoof trimming
Goats of all breeds, including the Boer, need care for their hooves, otherwise a disease of the limbs may develop. Legs are more susceptible to harmful influences and are considered a weak point of the family. We have to trim the hoof, the procedure is carried out twice a year. The first time the procedure is carried out before the onset of winter, and the second - right before the first pastures of cattle. In the warm season, the hooves are ground on their own and participation from the owner is not required. In the process of idle in the pen, they deform the plane, the hooves grow.
Goat hoof trimming
Boer goat diet
Food is found even in difficult conditions, when grass is scarce in pastures, and weight increases rapidly. The preferred food is eating leaves from various bushes, trees and everything that can be reached.
Boer goats prefer to eat leaves from bushes and trees
In winter, hay, food waste, root crops, vegetables, concentrates, and cake from sunflower are the basis of the diet. Cattle consume any food from the above and, at the same time, without negative consequences in the breeding or weight gain. Any cost-effective feed should be chosen. The main nuance is the presence of a sufficient amount of carbohydrates and proteins.
In winter, hay and root crops are the basis of the Boer goat diet.
Do not forget about supplements! As mineral supplements to feed, bone meal and chalk are given - 12 grams per goat per day.
Vitamin preparations for these goats are also helpful. There are a lot of them now, for example: Trivit, Kayod (mostly given before the goat should go round), Tetravit. Give a pill to each goat once a day.
Meat goat breeding is actively developing mainly in countries where year-round pastures are available. Even at a temperature of -10 ° C animals can easily eat in the meadows. The presence of a large snow cover has a negative effect. Extraction of food from under the snow bed is not available for goats, and shrubs fall in winter. Given the lack of the usual food, fattening rates are falling, but still remain quite large.
Boer goats are not adapted to the extraction of food from under the snow
The nuances of the Boer goat breeding
- Males-producers differ in the quality of fertilization, so, even from a weak female, healthy and strong offspring occurs. After 3 months, the offspring gains weight in 30-35 kg, in some cases they are slaughtered in that size. In just 5 months, kids reach maturity and can mate. About 33 months are given for the restoration and feeding of kids. Then make a release and cover the goat.
- When offspring appears, all the milk goes to feed the young, although at this moment it is very fat, healthy and tasty. Therefore, 2 weeks after the birth of a goat, it may be excommunicated from the mother if milk is collected. Here, the farmer independently determines whether the goat will independently take care of the offspring or produce it manually, and then partially give it to the young, the rest for consumption. During the first month, kids need to be fed 4 times per day, and further reduce the number of meals to 3.
- It has been noted by experienced farmers that the most viable and healthy offspring appears in early spring. The gestational age of the Boer goats, like other species, is 150 days. So the best season for mating is considered to be autumn, namely October or November. Also during the period of birth and early development, the green begins to appear, which allows you to get all the necessary microcomponents from the main source - leaves and grass.
- Fertilization of females occurs throughout the year. For high-quality and stable offspring in the number of herds it is necessary to have only 2-3 goats for the entire pen. So, one goat covers 50 females thanks to year-round breeding.
It is easy to learn the beneficial time for mating, you only need to determine the period of hunting a goat. Long hunting ranges from 24 to 48 hours. During this period, the animals become restless, their appetite disappears, they often mack, the outer parts of the vagina swell. If fertilization from the first time did not work, will have to be repeated during the next hunt. This period occurs every 15-22 days.
During the first month of the Boer goats it is necessary to feed 4 times a day.
The main difficulty of breeding is the lack of purebred males, and this is the most important condition for the development of the herd.
Buying Boer goats
Worldwide, the leaders in breeding the Boer breed are the African Republics and Latin America. It is also an active distribution in New Zealand, in some parts of the United States, for example, in Texas. Importing purebred animals from so remote corners of the world is a costly business, so it is used infrequently. If you buy a pedigree kid in the United States, then its value will be about 1,5 thousand dollars. Purchase of an animal from South Africa will cost $ 8,000. To this amount should be added the cost of transportation.
A more cost-effective solution is to buy goat sperm, delivery is cheaper, even taking into account the cost of artificial insemination, but you will have to wait for the first fruits only a year later. The cost of purchasing sperm is only $ 50, excluding transportation. Within the country there are not so many specialists who willingly take on such an operation. When the goats appear in the offspring, a stable development of the herd can be expected.
Boer goats are expensive animals
Summing up, the Boer goats are quite an interesting and attractive type of animal husbandry, which has just started to develop on a larger scale. Its main advantages are simplicity of maintenance, unpretentiousness to the conditions and nutrition of animals. Due to the year-round fertilization of males and the high level of maternal instinct from females, no problems with herd growth are observed. The main disadvantage is purebred animals, there are few of them in Russia and the cost is quite high.
Starting the breeding of the Boer variety is very expensive, and further maintenance is not expensive, investment pays off quickly.
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