The heart rejoices when you read how useful and tasty new items (sometimes far from new) make their way to our gardens. Because believe it or not, there are still old-timers who share food not according to the principle “useful - not useful”, but according to the principle “our is not ours”. Potatoes are “ours”, and asparagus is foreign: we’ll rather be sick than planting “not ours” vegetables ...
Asparagus beans - the dream of a lifetime
I want to tell you how I met asparagus beans. It was still in the time of my youth, when an unusual delicacy came to us only in canned food from Bulgaria. It was in 1970. I stayed with a friend, and her mother sat us to dinner. They served soup of canned asparagus beans. I looked at the plate and thought: what are these greenish tubes?
A girlfriend used to add soup for both cheeks, but I saw him for the first time in my life - we never grew up and bought this. In short, I tried this green unfamiliar miracle, and I liked it. Beans were tender, tasty broth (with meatballs).
Since then, I often remembered him. And when she started gardening in 1980, she immediately wanted to grow such beans, but there was no place to get seeds. And only in 1995, I acquired seeds - it was a bush form with green pods. Sowed in a row, and she was all hung with long pods. True, I didn’t immediately learn how to collect it in time: I’ll outgrow it a little - the pods grow coarser, and the side fiber must be removed.
When I first cooked, I didn’t know about the fiber at all - I had to give everything to the hens: the fiber did not chew, it hindered. Later I learned how to pick the pods in time and check for fiber.
Once I purchased a variety without fiber, I have been sowing it for more than twenty years. My beans have yellow pods that are 15–20 cm long, tear them off every other day, do not allow them to become deeper, cut off the noses and tails, boil them for 5 minutes, cool them and put them in the freezer. At first it was freezing damp, but after freezing it became dryish. The variety is tall, shoots up to 3 m, sowing along the fence mesh, and no problems. Sow so that the return frost does not sprout. I only soak the seeds until swelling and sow to a depth of 6-7 cm. I leave the very first 10-15 pods on the seeds.
Of course, I planted the usual beans with purple pods, and ate her raw — this is useful. I really like beans, stewed with vegetables, everything that exists in the garden, I put there - onions, carrots, zucchini or squash, broccoli, white cabbage, kohlrabi, celery root, in short, everything that is.
This dish is just delicious, and nothing else for lunch is needed - very satisfying and tasty! And you can still pour the ready stew with eggs - in general you can not drag them by the ears. Even her husband Nicholas loved this dish - first a little, but now I put a whole portion of it on the side dish. In addition, I make canned food. In winter you will get it - and at least add a garnish, even if you add borscht or soup. And the snack - super!
In my garden, some such “fir-trees” grew for decorating bouquets. Well, they would have grown if the neighbor had not shown me her shoots in the spring, saying: "You can eat it - the taste is like that of a cabbage stalk, only more tender." Dismissed, or rather, broke off a greenish shoot, tried it - I liked it. Well, I ate every spring, but I learned about the fact that it was asparagus only five years later when I saw a bag of seeds in the store. Everything around is praised and bought, and I look at them and say: “Yes, in my garden it is growing a long time ago!” And she told me about her Christmas trees-broomsticks. It turned out that almost all of them also grow, just people did not realize that this is the very same asparagus!
Early in the spring, you need not to overlook and break off the shoots in time, and then the asparagus will outgrow it, it will coarsen and the "panicles" will go out. I eat it right by the garden - it is sweetish, juicy. I think so: everything that you can eat raw, you need to eat as much as you like in the summer, because vegetables contain pure water in the form in which the cells of our body need it, and we have an average of 70-80% water in us - so consider how much it needs!
In the summer I rub grated raw zucchini, squash, apples, turnip, radish, add lemon juice or apple vinegar, a spoonful of honey and eat like dessert! It cleans the blood very well and especially the intestines. Try it, feel the lightness inside - what could be more beautiful?
What is missing cabbage
Now I want to answer Alla Andreevna Kharchenko from the Poltava region. In the commentary she asked how to grow Peking cabbage. This is an early crop, and if it is grown in the spring, then you need to plant it early, you can even seedlings so that before the July heat (the main thing - before the onset of a long day) it forms heads.
But you can plant it at the end of July - it grows to frost (I tried it myself - it worked out), and it can be laid for the winter in the cellar, wrapped in plastic wrap.
O broccoli. The main thing is not to miss it when it reaches the head of a hat, and to cut it, otherwise it will open flower stalks and bloom, because its “roaches” are the closed flower stalks.
So make sure that they do not bloom (unless, of course, you grow for the sake of seeds).
And cauliflower does not tie heads because it lacks boron. Water it three times after sprouting a solution of boric acid: 10 g per bucket of water (first dissolve in a small amount of hot water), 0.5 l at the root — this, by the way, applies to all types of cabbage.
String beans is a delicious product and a valuable source of protein, successfully replaces meat dishes in the vegetarian menu.
Green beans have excellent taste and are very useful for the body. The tender green pods contain:
- proteins (easily digested, close to meat in structure),
- vitamins B1 and B2, folic and ascorbic acid, provitamin A,
- minerals (phosphorus, iron and calcium, chromium, magnesium).
Eating vegetables helps to eliminate toxins and toxins from the body, normalize the functions of the kidneys, stomach, and liver. Culture is recommended to use men for the prevention of prostate adenoma.
Delicate plant pods are widely used in cooking. Fleshy fruits of bush cultures canned, thin wicker pods are added to soups, stews and other vegetable dishes. Wax (otherwise oil) grade is ideal for salads.
Sometimes green beans are called asparagus beans. In fact, asparagus beans are the unripe green fruits of green beans. And do not confuse asparagus beans with the same culture: asparagus is a completely different plant.
Fruits of sugar and semi-sugar varieties are suitable for eating. The pods of different plant species are different: they are not only green, but also white, yellow, and even pink or purple. Beans differ not only in shape, size and type of pods, but also in the nature of the growth of the stem. Today, a variety of varieties of green beans have been developed: curly, half-growing, bush.
Advantages of bush varieties are compact and beautiful flowering, the ability to grow well in a temperate climate zone, no need for support. While the curly types of string beans have great decorative qualities, they give a much greater yield.
Cultivation and care
Growing green beans does not require special care. The main thing - timely weeding, loosening and maintaining soil moisture. And of course, so that the beans grow well, you need heat.
You can grow a climbing variety of green beans even on a small plot of land.
Soil and plot
The best for the plant are light and medium clay soils (loams), as well as soil with a predominance of sand and a small part of the clay (sandy loam). The earth should be moderately wet.
On heavy and cold soils with high groundwater levels, the string beans grow poorly.
Planting a plant is better in a well-warmed, protected from strong gusts of wind and illuminated place, but you can also plant on a plot with a small shade. Land before planting needs to be cleared of weeds.
Temperature and humidity
Seeds germinate best and seedlings grow at a temperature of 20 to 25 ° C. Beans love moisture - with sufficient watering, bears fruit well, gives fleshy, juicy pods. Watering should be moderate but systematic.
String bean varieties respond well to the application of mineral fertilizers: potash (1 part), phosphate (2 parts), nitrogen (1 part). Adding feed to the soil before planting contributes to an increase in protein content in fruits, increasing yields.
During growth (in the middle of the season), the plant is fed with complex fertilizers, scattering them at a distance of about 20 cm from each bush. It is important that the substances do not fall on the leaves.
Features of growing climbing varieties
For climbing varieties need to build strong supports that can withstand the weight of tied plants. More often, high wooden stakes are used as a support, which are driven into the ground to a depth of 40-50 cm. Climbing species can be planted near high grids and fences, posts.
As the stems grow, you need to help find support - to wind the vines on the support system. It is better to limit their growth - to pinch the top on reaching the two-meter length, otherwise the harvest will not succeed.
When choosing beans for ripening, it is important to take into account climatic features. In the Urals and in other northern regions, it is better to plant varieties that ripen early, and in the southern regions any variety can be grown.
Sowing green beans in the country can be as soon as the spring frosts. The optimal time is the end of May or the beginning of June, when constant warm weather sets in and the soil is already well warmed. Additionally, you can heat the soil with a greenhouse method - cover the ground with a transparent film 10–15 days before sowing.
Before sowing, seeds are soaked in water for swelling for at least several hours, but it is better to wait for the germination time. Seeds are sown at a distance of 7–10 cm from each other and with an interval between rows of 20–40 cm. The optimum depth of sowing is 2–3.5 cm. At least two seeds are placed in each well. For white seeds of green beans, the optimal temperature for germination is about 20–25 ° C, and for dark-colored seeds, it is 2–3 ° C lower.
In order for the seeds to germinate well, abundant watering is necessary.
Sprouted seeds take root better in the open field and sprout faster.
Shoots appear 15–25 days after sowing (depending on the variety). After the emergence of seedlings in each fossa they leave one of the best shoots - the strongest and healthiest. In order not to damage the root system of the seedlings, the extra shoots are not pulled out, but plucked at the root.
To preserve moisture, reduce the number of weeds and the rapid emergence of shoots, the soil between rows can be mulched - sprinkle with dry or fresh grass, humus. When the height of the plants reaches 10 cm, they need a little pile up (if there is no mulch layer). This will ensure good development of the root system, help the plant to strengthen in the ground.
If you grow green beans, please write down which varieties you like. How many bean bushes do you grow? What dishes do you make from it? If possible, attach a photo of your landings. Thank!
Your reviews and additions will help many gardeners to choose the best varieties of beans for planting.
String beans on a country bed: tips for a beginner gardener
Green, asparagus, and chillies are all names for one type of bean. Getting it is very simple - breaking off the pods of unripe beans. Then they can be eaten whole, and not limited to only seeds. This product contains more protein than any other plant food. Therefore, the string beans must be grown on the garden bed. Caring for her is not at all difficult. But you can plant several varieties of beans, then to show off to your friends photo and video reports about the rich harvest.
Why plant and eat green beans
For 5000 years, mankind has known the value of beans. In America, Egypt, Rome and China, it was not only eaten, but also actively used in cosmetology. Even Cleopatra maintained her beauty by imposing masks from this protein product. And in Europe, for a long time, beans were grown as a garden decor. And only 2 centuries ago, it began to eat here.
Today, scientists have explained to all the benefits of beans. It is rich in protein, which is important for building muscle. But the calories in it quite a bit: 100 g only 30 Kcal. That is, for a healthy diet the most suitable product.
In addition, vitamins A, C, E and the whole group B are part of a string bean. There is fiber, folic acid, carotene, zinc, iron, magnesium, calcium, potassium, chromium. Doctors recommend be sure to include beans in the diet after 40 years. It should be eaten at least 2 times a week.
Council Those who do not know how to prepare green beans, you can refer to the recipes of eastern countries: Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Turkey and even Japan. It can be fried in batter, served with meat and sauce, cook soup and even make blanks for the winter.
Those who listen to doctors and eat beans, it will help to establish the digestion and heart function. This product facilitates the fight against rheumatism, bronchitis, diabetes, skin diseases and tartar. Beans can even be a sedative for those who are a lot nervous and quickly irritated.
How to understand the varieties and types of green beans
String beans - a popular product. Over the years of its use in cooking, breeders have bred more than 50 of its species. They differ in taste, shape, size and even color. In addition to the classic green pods can be found yellow and even purple. Before planting green beans, it would not hurt to figure out which popular varieties should be “invited” to their beds.
- Green beans - soft and tender, ripen in a week. Eat it with skinned. It is noteworthy that it retains useful properties after freezing and heat treatment.
- Draconic tongues (purple) - yellow-purple pods, but green after cooking. Especially popular in Georgia.
- Yellow wax beans - flat and large pods of a soft yellow color.
- Purple Queen - dark purple pods, up to 15 cm in length. Unpretentious in care, high yield, resistant to viruses.
- Melody - the pods are green, flat. Matures quickly.
- Caramel - short green pods with a pleasant delicate flavor.
- Deer King - bright yellow pods, give 2 crops per season.
This is not a complete list of varieties of green beans. There are also such varieties as Saksa 615, Crane, Panther, Fatima, Winner, etc. They all grow well in our latitudes, if you look after them properly.
How to plant and care for green beans
- Landing. Beans are planted in the second half of spring - closer to summer, when the period of spring frosts is over. Choose for this sandy soil or just pour sand into the ground. 2 weeks before the intended landing, the future garden bed is covered with a film so that the earth warms even more. Seeds at this time you need to soak, usually a couple of hours is enough. Plant seeds with a gap of 10 cm, put 2 seeds in a well to a depth of 3 cm. After this, the beds are watered and mulched with humus.
- Temperature. Beans like heat, so it should be planted in a place where there will be enough sun rays.
- Treatment. Of the 2 seeds, 2 shoots sprout, leaving only the plant that grows faster and looks stronger. The second is being cut off, but it is impossible to pull it out in order not to damage the root system. Beans need to spud when its growth reaches 10 cm. Several times during the season, the beds need to be mulched and watered with infusion of ash.
- Watering. Beans need to be regularly and abundantly watered, especially on hot days.
- Support. Grade with a winding stem need to be maintained. For this you need to provide support in advance. It must withstand the weight of the plant and the strong wind. To do this, you can use a fence, install a grate, or drive in wooden stakes.
Attention! As soon as the beans reach 2 m in height, you need to pluck its tops. Then all the plant juice will be sent to the pods and fruits, and not to the growth of the stem.
How to protect the plant from pests and diseases
Beans and other legumes are often affected by these pests:
Although they can not bring much harm. But it is better not to process beans by chemical means. Typically, parasites from this plant is collected by hand or frightened away by folk remedies, for example, smoke.
To seedlings are not sick, they need to be planted at the correct distance. Thick landing leads to anthracosis. If signs of fungus were noticed, it is better to remove the affected plant immediately. Disease prevention - a mixture of water and serum (5: 1).
How to harvest and preserve the harvest of green beans
The main thing in the collection of beans - do not miss the time. As soon as the pods have appeared, the plant should be carefully monitored and plucked after a week. After 5 weeks on the bushes will be new ovary. The more often they are collected, the more there will be new pods. It is best to collect green beans in the morning, when the sun has not yet risen, and the nightly coolness remains. Such pods will keep freshness and taste longer.
But so they do not last long. Если фасоль не скушали сразу, ее нужно заморозить в морозильной камере. Там она сохранит все полезные качества до самой зимы.
Фасоль можно сохранить до зимы в замороженном виде
Последние стручки лучше не срезать молодыми, а дать им дозреть до полноценных семян. They can be used next year for planting new plants.
Those who plant green beans in their beds will never regret it. It will decorate the garden and the table. And if the hostess learns how to cook it properly, then the guests will be in real delight. However, to bite it raw and fresh is also very tasty and healthy.
Choosing a landing site
Asparagus beans are very selective in their growth. From the correct choice of place depends on the speed of plant development, as well as the number of fruits that it will give.
These beans love the heat and the sun, so you need to make sure that the plant does not shade anything at all stages of its growth. It is also desirable that the site had less wind. You should not worry about the fact that the culture will burn in the open sun - its leaves will independently create a shadow where they need it.
Better these beans will feel on fertile and easily permeable water soil. Well, if the groundwater will lie deep. Unfavorable soil for this plant is considered acidic, clay, too wet ground.
If the plot is located in the northern region, it is best to choose sandy soil for the beans. This type of land warms up faster than the others, which will benefit the heat-loving plant.
Preparation of beds
Preparing the soil for planting these beans begins in the fall. The earth is thoroughly cleaned of weeds, dug up, and then, in order to create ideal conditions for planting a plant, add to it per each square meter:
- 4 kg of humus,
- a spoonful of saltpeter,
- a spoonful of potassium chloride,
- a few spoons of dolomite flour,
- spoon superphosphate.
There are several possible options for preparing seeds for planting:
- landing in a well-watered land
- preliminary germination of seeds.
Shoots appear faster if you pre-soak the seeds. To do this, pour the seeds with hot water for 15 minutes. After that, it is imperative to disinfect them in a solution of weak potassium permanganate.
Disinfection of soil and seeds is necessary to protect the still weak seedlings from insidious pests.
If you germinate beans previously, seedlings can be obtained even faster. To do this, you must inspect all the beans for the presence of mold, shriveling, damage, as well as to remove garbage. All seeds that have been selected, you need to put a single layer on a damp cloth. Next, you need to take another same piece of fabric and put it on top. The top piece also need to wet. It is very important here - not to overdo it with water, otherwise the seeds will simply rot.
After 24 hours, opening the fabric, you can see that the beans have already started the first shoots. This means that the seeds are ready for planting. However, they will need to be planted very carefully, so as not to damage only the appeared sprouts.
Landing process: timing, pattern and depth
Planting asparagus beans in open ground is possible when the possibility of frost has already been excluded. Haricot beans are usually planted in May-June, but here everything depends only on temperature - it should be at least + 20 ° С.
First you need to prepare the pits. Their depth is from 4 to 6 cm. The distance between the holes in the row is preferably about 10 cm, and between the rows - from 30 cm. If the beans are climbing varieties, the gap between the plants should be larger - 35-40 cm, so that there is room for installation support.
To give the plant more potassium, you can pour into the wells before planting wood ash. Usually, 3-4 beans are planted in one hole, and when shoots appear (after 7-10 days), they leave one of the strongest.
When the seeds are planted, they are watered, covered with soil. For quick germination, you can still sprinkle with humus on top.
To save space when growing curly green beans, gardeners come up with some tricks. Some build wigwam from tree branches and plant seeds around it.
Others sow the plant around a large, durable pole in a staggered order in several circles so that each sprout can “grab” the pole in its place.
Asparagus beans are not so whimsical in the care, like many other plants, however, to grow the desired crop, you will still have to give it a little time.
Growing asparagus beans from the seeds at the dacha, where the owner is once a week, is not possible, since this plant needs constant watering and care.
After planting, the beans are watered every other day. After the emergence of seedlings continue watering as the soil dries. It is best to water when the sun has set. Watering is carried out at the root.
Some gardeners use a plain useful solution for watering: fill 2/3 barrels with weeds, top up with water to the brim and leave for a week. For watering a liter of the solution is diluted in a bucket of rainwater or separated water.
Diseases and pests: prevention and treatment
Most often the asparagus beans are sick:
Protection from these ailments is easy. All that is needed is to properly care for the plant, to clean the diseased plants in time, to decontaminate the sown seeds.
To prevent these diseases, limestone must be poured into the soil. To prevent the plant from contracting fungal and viral diseases, it is best to treat it with drugs with a high copper content.
Often these beans are attacked by slugs, and if we remove the weeds from the site in time and constantly feed the earth with moisture, they will not get to the plant. If, even in this case, the slugs appeared, they just need to be removed.
Harvesting and storage
Asparag bean requires frequency and regularity in the collection, as it can rehash and become too hard. In addition, if you collect it all the time, new ovaries form and the beans grow again and again until the first frost appears.
The ovary on these beans appears when it takes 2-3 weeks after the flowering period. 10 days after the appearance of the ovary, it will be possible to evaluate the first harvest. This culture will not be able to be collected in a massive way, only by choosing the ripest among all the pods.
The shelf life of fresh asparagus beans is very short, so if you need to keep the beans for the winter, you have to freeze them. It is most convenient to cut the bean pods into pieces of the desired size, put them in a bag or tray and place them in the freezer.
Keeping beans selected for seed is also fairly simple. After stripping dry pods need to be dried, and then select the grains from them. They are stored in the refrigerator, not in the freezer, although for many it is well preserved in room conditions.
Asparagus beans - one of the crops, the care of which does not exhaust the gardener. Nothing special and supernatural do not have to, but you can enjoy such a useful diet product in winter and summer. All this will incline any gardener in the direction of growing these beans on your site.