Barberry is a thorny perennial shrub from the Barberry family that bears bright red berries. It is grown as a medicinal, ornamental and honey plant. The berries of this plant (some species) are used to make caramel, jelly, juice, jam and seasoning.
Under natural conditions, it is found most often in the Northern Hemisphere. On average, bushes grow to two meters. The bush has simple toothed leaves and thorny shoots. The plant begins to bear fruit from the third year after planting. From one shrub collect up to 10 kg of berries. The plant is known for its many beneficial properties: the berries contain a lot of vitamin C, the leaves contain malic acid, vitamins C, E. Oil is obtained from the seeds. Roots and bark are used as a yellow dye.
Shrubs of this species grow to 2.5 m. They have thorny shoots, dark yellow in color, which diverge from the stem in different directions, forming arcs. The leaves are painted dark green, their lower part has a gray tint. Plants bloom in May – June. Inflorescences are drooping, racemes, fragrant yellow color of the brush.
This barberry fructifies in the fall, oblong, very beautiful berries that have a sour taste. Their size is 1.2 cm. Due to the fact that the berries do not fall for a long time, the bushes retain their decorative effect for a long time. The common barberry is a frost-resistant and drought-resistant plant, which also tolerates air pollution.
This species should be planted in a well-lit area, but it can also develop well in partial shade. The soil is undemanding, but this type of barberry is better developed on light and non-acidic soils. Varieties, photos of his species are presented below.
Three varieties are most popular:
- Atropurpuria - shrub with yellow flowers and berries (edible) bright red. The leaves are painted in a reddish-lilac color, provided that the plant is well lit. The variety tolerates temperature fluctuations, it does not always inherit a beautiful shade of leaves when it is propagated by seeds.
- Albovarigata - low-growing variety, growing not more than a meter in height. Foliage dark green with divorce.
- Aureomarginate - a special variety, with variegated leaves. In the shadows, the color intensity may be lost, the culture is light-requiring.
The common barberry has one significant drawback - in the wet and cold summer period, the plant is often affected by fungal diseases: powdery mildew, rust, etc. In landscape design it is used in group and single plantings to create hedges.
This is a very large variety. Amur barberry grows up to three and a half meters under favorable conditions. Shrubs have a widely spreading crown and large foliage (up to 8 cm in length). It changes its color several times during the year: in the spring it is emerald green, in the fall it is bright yellow or red.
Fruiting this species in the fall. The bushes appear bright red oblong and shiny berries with a diameter of one centimeter. Amur barberry is resistant to fusarium and rust. It is often used for the cultivation of living, and rather high, hedges. The most popular varieties of this species are Orpheus, which is a compact, non-flowering shrub (not more than a meter in height), and Yaponika, which attracts summer residents with long yellow buds in the form of a brush and wide leaves.
It is a tall and spreading shrub that grows up to 2.5 meters in height and up to 1.8 meters in diameter. The plant has dark red or brown shoots, small leaves (about three centimeters) oval. In mid-May during the week blooms beautiful yellow buds.
Fruiting is abundant with red berries, the length of which does not exceed 0.9 cm. Fruits ripen at the end of September. This species loves sunny areas more than others, quickly loses its decorativeness in the shade. It is undemanding to the composition of the soil, frost-resistant and easily tolerates drought. The most popular varieties are Declinat, Roderiana, and Oxyphyll.
Barberry varieties of this species came to us from the Korean Peninsula. Bushes grow to two meters. The leaves are painted in a beautiful red color. Fragrant flowers are collected in brushes of fifteen. The berries are rather small, round, in diameter not exceeding one centimeter.
This species is distinguished not only by its high resistance to drought, but it also tolerates a sharp short-term decrease in air temperature.
Heat-loving deciduous plant. Young plants often freeze slightly and long enough after that are restored. Bushes have a spreading crown. The plant does not grow more than two meters in height. Shoots are covered with large spines (up to 3 cm). The branches are colored dark red. The barberry varieties of this species are blooming with flowers of bright yellow color from the end of June to the middle of July.
Fruiting occurs in the second decade of September. Brilliant bright red fruits are not large - no more than one centimeter in diameter. This species does not tolerate excessive moisture at all - with the stagnation of water, the root system vypravaet and rot. Prone to rust.
This is a hybrid form of barberry Atropurpurea, crossed with the barberry of Thunberg. Bushes grow to two meters. It has an unusual purple foliage, which turns red at the beginning of autumn. This species blooms at the end of May with yellow racemes.
In the care of this type of unpretentious. Perfectly transfers winter without shelter. Resistant to major diseases of shrub plants. The following varieties are most commonly used in decorative culture:
- Purpureya with scarlet leaves.
- Superba, with dark red almost maroon leaves.
- Auricom with bright red foliage.
- Silver Myles, having dark leaves, covered with silver pattern.
As the name implies, this species comes from Eastern and Western Siberia, the Middle East and Kazakhstan. Bushes are small - no more than a meter in height. In the fruiting and flowering varieties of barberry of this species enter only at the age of six.
Flowering begins in mid-May and lasts twelve days. Red oblong fruit appear in August. Siberian barberry refers to species with moderate winter hardiness. Because of its low decorativeness in culture, especially in our country, it is almost never used.
Barberry Thunberg: varieties, description
This species has a small height. In vivo grows in China and Japan. This species is recognized as the most decorative. The shoots of the bushes are densely branched, spreading. One of the advantages of the Thunberg barberry variety is a variety of colors. They are brown, red, yellowish.
The fruits of barberry varieties Thunberg in food is not used. And not because they are poisonous, but because they are quite bitter. Low-growing varieties of barberry Thunberg do not grow above one meter. In diameter, the bushes are sprawling (up to one and a half meters). Young, covered with large spines branches of yellow. Later they become red-brown or brown.
Depending on the season, their leaves and color change, which in this species are rather small (no more than 3 cm). In spring, they are painted in a bright green color; in the fall, they acquire a noble burgundy color. Thunberg varieties bloom at the end of May with yellow-red buds. Fruits in autumn, and the berries can be stored on the bushes throughout the winter, which greatly increases their decorative characteristics.
This species has many very interesting varieties (about 50). Among them:
- Barberry dwarfish varieties Bonanza gold attracts landscape designers with a small height (up to 50 cm) and golden yellow leaves.
- Golden Rocket - differs in an unusual columnar form of krone, golden leaves. The plant has many advantages: winter, wind and drought resistance, shade tolerance, rapid acclimatization in urban environments.
- Barberry yellow varieties Thunberg Aurea quite compact (up to 0.8 m). Due to the rich yellow color of the shoots, flowers and leaves, it looks very effective in group plantings in combination with other varieties.
- Atropurpurea - shrub up to one and a half meters high, having purple-red leaves, yellow flowers with red divorces.
- Bagatelle - small bushes, no more than 40 cm high. They have a flat spherical crown shape, brown leaves, which become bright red by autumn. The variety is not winter hardy.
- Atropurpurea Nana - dwarf variety with a rounded and flat crown, 50 cm high. Especially beautiful during flowering, when the bush is covered with two-colored red-yellow flowers. They are going to five buds in inflorescences.
- Coronite - Another dwarf variety with a spherical crown. The leaves of this plant are painted green with a yellow border.
Not to mention the variegated varieties: Harlequin, Kelleris, Rose Glow, Kornik.
Despite the fact that most of the barberry berries are painted in a brilliant red color, there are exceptions. For example, varieties Lutea and Alba. Lutea is a barberry variety. Deciduous shrub up to 2 meters. The shoots of the plant are colored yellow. Quite long (up to six centimeters) leaves are painted in salad color with a red border. Twenty flowers are combined in a brush. Ripened fruit about a centimeter long pale yellow in color. On varieties of barberry leaves and shoots of yellow, we have already told.
In conclusion, it should be recognized that it is almost impossible to isolate the best barberry variety. The choice of the plant that suits you depends on how you are going to use it (use for food, landscape design). In addition, you should consider the climate of your region, since not all varieties are able to endure cold winters.
Barberry Thunberg: photos, description, characteristics
No less decorative barberry Thunberg. In the wild, it grows on the slopes of China and Japan. The plant reaches a height of 1.5 m. In spring and summer, the leaves of the barberry have a yellowish or bright red tint, and with the approach of autumn - brown. The flowers of the barberry of Thunberg, as a rule, are yellow with a red border around the edges. If you compare with the barberry ordinary, then this variety does not bloom for long - only 8-12 days. The plant tolerates cold and drought well and is not demanding on the soil. The fruits have a bitter taste and therefore do not apply to food.
Barberry Thunberg has many varieties. Here are the main ones:
Barberry Ottawa: description, characteristics
The barberry of Ottawa is very decorative - the leaves are purple and the flowers are yellow-red. In the autumn season, the plant is especially attractive - the leaves become saturated purple in color. Flowering occurs in the first decade of May and lasts about 14 days.
Barberry Ottawa boasts only three varieties:
- Barberry "Superba" ("Superba") - the height of the shrub varies from 2.5 to 3 m. In summer, the leaves are red with a blue tint, and in the fall their color is varied - from bright orange to rich red. Flowering begins in May, the flowers have a yellow-red tint. The fruits ripen in the second decade of October,
- Barberry "Aurikoma" ("Aurikoma") - the height of the bush is on average 2 m. The leaves and flowers mostly have a red tint.
- Barberry "Purpurea" ("Purpurea") - in plant height reaches 2 m. The flowers are yellow-red, the leaves have a dark purple shade.
To date, only two varieties of this variety are known:
- Barberry "Zhaponika" ("Japonica") - the plant reaches a height of 3.5 m. The flowers are yellow, the leaves have a golden color,
- Barberry "Orpheus" - bred by domestic breeders, the bush is quite compact - up to 1 m. The leaves are light green in color. The disadvantage of this variety is that it does not bloom.
This type of barberry does not end there. There is, for example, the Siberian barberry. Each species is unique in its own way. Each has its own characteristics and characteristics. The choice of species of barberry depends on the purpose of the gardener.
Add, barberry due to its simplicity and decorative at the same time, is very popular. It is planted in parks, gardens, cottages. The plant gives the territory a sophisticated and sophisticated look. In hot weather, such plantings exude a tart and at the same time sweetish aroma. By the way, note gardeners. Barberry is a wonderful honey plant. Therefore, along with buckwheat and lime, there is still not inferior - barberry honey.
Adding an article to a new collection
Yellow, green, orange, pink, red, burgundy spots of barberry in the garden attract the eye and become the heart of any composition. Choose one or more varieties that will color your garden.
The first mention of the barberry dates back to 650 BC - even then the Assyrians were aware of the beneficial properties of the thorny shrub. But in garden design, he appeared much later, in the middle of the XIX century. Then the bush growing on the mountain slopes of the Chinese provinces and in Japan, attracted the attention of breeders, and since then the number of its varieties has increased significantly.
Unfortunately, our climate does not allow to grow many interesting varieties of barberries - they can not stand the harsh winters. However, even among the variants that have taken root in Russia, one can find a worthy ornament for his garden collection.
Barberry Thunberg Admiration (Admiration)
Barberry Admiration refers to the miniature varieties of this shrub - it grows no more than half a meter in height, forming a dense spherical crown. In the summer, its leaves are yellow and orange, and by the fall they are painted scarlet, with yellow edging. Shrub blossoms in May, and in September it is covered with red berries.
Barberry Thunberg Coronita (Coronita)
The bush of this variety grows quickly and in a few years after planting it reaches one and a half meters in height and one meter in width. However, on this active growth stops, and even with the most successful agricultural technology giant Coronite will not. The leaves on the young twigs of the bush are bright red, and on the shoots of past years are dark purple. The characteristic border is maintained in both cases.
The name of the barberry has Arabic roots and means "like a sea shell". This epithet was awarded the petals of a barberry flower, and after that the bush itself.
Barberry Thunberg Harlequin (Harlequin)
Unusual motley foliage Harlequin draws the eye. The height of an adult bush is about one and a half meters, its width reaches 2 m, so it needs to take a lot of space. The bush grows quickly, giving a gain of up to 15 cm in a year. True, young saplings of the variety Harlequin they are afraid of frost, and in the first couple of years they are better covered for the winter.
Barberry Thunberg Rose Glow (Rose Glow)
Shrub variety Rose Glow - This is a true "two in one" in the garden. The bark and leaves of young shoots are colored pink-colored, and the adult branches and leaves on them are purple-purple, almost blue-gray. On a large plant (and bushes Rose Glow reach 1.5 m in height) it looks like a bright bouquet wrapped in a discreet tone.
Barberry Thunberg Golden Rocket (Golden Rocket)
Grow a bright golden green Golden Rocket it is not easy to reach the maximum height - its shoots often break open under the weight of snow and freeze slightly. Usually the bush is formed up to 70 cm in height, and the crown is tied or wrapped with a net for the winter.
Despite the decorativeness of the barberry, in some US states and in New Zealand, this plant is forbidden to grow and sell. The official reason is that the barberry is an invasive plant, and is inclined to “survive” others, taking their place.
Barberry Thunberg Aurea (Aurea)
Slow-growing variety shrub Aurea characterized by not only yellow or slightly greenish foliage, but also the horizontal formation of the crown. In width, it grows to 1 m, but in a decade it will hardly reach 80 cm in height. The color of the leaves is best manifested in sunny areas. This barberry does not fear Moroz and is indifferent to the soil, but does not like strong winds.
Barber Thunberg Cabernet (Kabernet)
Another horizontal bush of unusual colors can become the center of attention, because the foliage of fiery shades on it is the whole season. In the spring it is crimson, in the summer of wine, and by the fall it becomes red-orange. True crown Cabernet will have to be subjected to preventive cutting every year, otherwise it may acquire the most bizarre forms.
Ten years ago, the Italians found a way to extract from the barberry a substance similar in effect to the famous "Viagra".
Barberry Toonberg Red Carpet (Red Carpet)
Barberry Red Carpet - real fireworks of colors. There is at once the whole palette of colors: from delicate spring greens to autumn gold and scarlet berry shades. Spreading curved branches occupy a lot of space and are covered with spines, therefore plant Red Carpet better away from the tracks. The bush is frost resistant, but does not tolerate waterlogging and prefers alkaline soils.
Конечно, среди барбарисов сложно выделить самые прекрасные сорта, ведь каждый из них хорош по-своему. Если и вы любите эти яркие, притягательные кустарники, делитесь с нами фотографиями и названиями своих "фаворитов".
Кустарник плодоносит съедобными ягодами, богатыми витамином С. Самые урожайные сорта позволяют собрать с куста до 13 кг барбариса. Ярко-красные ягоды используются в качестве специй. Also they are made of jelly, jam, compotes. Edible barberries are versatile. They give a rich harvest and decorate the garden.
Large shrub, reaching 3.5 m in height and forming a spreading crown. Foliage up to 8 cm in length, changes color depending on the season. In spring and summer, it is bright green, and in autumn it is colored in red or yellow shades. Gray-yellow shoots are covered with spines about 2 cm long.
Barberry blooms in May. In inflorescences there are up to 25 small yellow flowers. The length of the "earrings" is up to 10 cm. Although the Amur species blooms at the age of 1 year, it begins to bear fruit only from 4 years. Berries ripen in late autumn. Large, up to 1 cm in size, different red glossy surface.
Amur view is represented by 2 popular varieties:
Yaponika. The bush is attractive with broad foliage of rounded shape and yellow inflorescences in the form of drooping brushes.
Orpheus. Bred by Russian breeders for decoration. Forms low bushes up to 1 m, does not bloom.
Shrub is from Central Asia. Heat-loving, therefore, needs a good shelter for the winter. Reaches about 2 m in height. Differs in dark green foliage and red shoots. Blooms in early June, yellow-orange, fragrant inflorescences. Barberry got its name due to spherical fruits. The berries are dark blue, sometimes black, covered with a bluish bloom.
Fruits of barberry fruit contain a high percentage of vitamin C. They are often used in cooking for preparing pilaf, shurpa, lagman. Depending on the climatic conditions of the region, the berries ripen between September and November.
Fast growing species
In a short time to grow a hedge allow varieties Thunberg . The main features of the fast-growing species:
shrubs reach 3 m in height,
foliage oblong, about 3 cm long, green in summer, reddish in autumn,
inflorescences are yellow, oblong, retain freshness for up to 2 weeks,
ellipsoid berries in length up to 1 cm,
harvest period - mid autumn.
The barberries of Thunberg are not only decorative, but also produce a consistently high yield every year. The berries do not fall off, long held on the bushes.
The red leaf barberry grows up to 2.5 m in height and about 3.5 m in diameter. Durable variety capable of growing in one place to 60 years. An annual gain of 25 cm in height and 35 cm in width. After 10 years, growth stops. The crown of barberry is dense, rounded.
Atropurpurea blooms in the second half of May. Inflorescences are small, attractive to bees. The flowers inside are yellow and outside are red. Keep fresh for 2 weeks. Foliage in spring and summer is red-brown. In the autumn it brightens, acquires a bright red hue. Bush prefers wet, sunny areas or light partial shade.
Ornamental shrub, attracting the attention of red-brown foliage and shoots. Forms a funnel-shaped crown due to vertically directed and drooping branches. Adult specimens reach 2.5 m in height and about 1.5 m in girth. Shoots are completely covered with sharp spikes.
The barberry blossoms in May with yellow inflorescences in the form of small brushes. Fruits are pinkish or bright red, ripen in mid-autumn. The variety is not afraid of low temperatures, polluted air. May develop in the sun and in partial shade.
The bush grows vertically, gradually forming a wide-pyramidal crown. Shoots covered with small sharp thorns. Foliage is small, changes color depending on the season. It is green in spring and summer, and yellow in autumn. The flowering period is May.
Fruits are oval, saturated red color. Rip out in October or November. They are not showered for a long time, they can remain on the bush all winter, giving it a decorative effect. Smaragd looks good in the form of a tapeworm. Loves light, needs annual pruning.
The undersized barberries are actively used by landscape designers for landscaping gardens and forming hedges. Dwarfs develop slowly, do not take up much space, almost do not need pruning, independently creating a beautiful shape. The greatest number of beautiful undersized varieties among the barberries of Thunberg.
Round shaped shrub. Adult specimens do not exceed 40 cm in height and width. The leaves are small, about 1 cm long. They are distinguished by an unusual bright purple color. Bagatelle blooms in May, light yellow flowers, collected in bunches. The fruits ripen in late September. Edible berries, widely used in cooking. Barberry is not afraid of heat, but freezes in frosty winters.
Plants that preserve green all year round, are very popular in landscape design. It is possible to decorate a personal plot not only thujas or cypress, but also a barberry. Evergreen varieties differ among themselves:
the shape and size of the bush,
resistance to air pollution,
nuances in growing.
Although the evergreen barberries are prickly, they make a beautiful hedge. They easily carry a haircut, allow you to create various interesting shapes.
Slow-growing view, reaching a height of 2 m. Its description attracts landscape designers and those who are fond of decorating sites. Used only for decoration. Shrub completely covered with glossy dark green foliage. At the tip of each leaf there is a thorn.
Darwin Barberry blooms with rich yellow-orange flowers. Fruits are black with a bluish bloom, ripen in September-October. Winter hardiness of the bush is average, can withstand temperatures as low as -15 ° C In this regard, it is well acclimatized only in the southern regions of Russia.
Slow-growing variety, growing to 10 m in height and width by 10 years. The shoots are arched, covered with large thorns, reaching 2 cm. The barberry blooms in May with yellow buds, although sometimes there are single flowers on the bush. In September, black berries covered with a bluish bloom are clearly visible. They are not edible, so the shrub is grown exclusively for decoration.
Among all the barberry Ganepien Klugowski variety gained the most popularity. It was bred by a German breeder in 1960. Differs in unpretentiousness in leaving, undemanding to soil. Differs in high frost resistance, is not afraid of a polluted air because of what can grow in the urban environment. It stands out among other barberries with dark green narrow leaves with jagged edges.
The shrub has an average growth rate. 10-year specimens reach 2 m in height and 4 m in width. The leaves are large, about 10 cm in length, with prickles at the ends. Old foliage is dark green, and young with a bronze tint. Barberry blooms in the second half of May or early June. Flowers in the form of brushes, yellow flowers with a red border. Fruits are blue-black, ripen in September.
The barberry of Juliana is decorative, therefore it is used for gardening both personal plots, and city parks, squares. The shrub is unpretentious in growing, resistant to temperature extremes, withstands excessive air pollution.
The barberries growing in the form of a column are used in group and single plantings. They also look beautiful in the form of hedges. These shrubs are harmonious, they themselves create a neat shape, they practically do not need a decorative haircut. Barberries are used to decorate garden paths, alleys in city parks. Consider several representatives of the kolonovidnogo type with the names and photos.
A fairly large shrub, reaching 1.9 m in height and 0.9 m in diameter. The color of the foliage varies with the season. In the spring yellow shades prevail. In summer, the leaves turn green. Autumn repainted in bright red color. The barberry differs in high frost resistance. To preserve the decorative should grow in open sunny areas. Even in the penumbra, the color changes.
Coloniform variety whose branches grow strictly vertically. It develops very slowly. Adult specimens reach 1.5 m in height and 1 m in width. The foliage is green, saturated, rounded, small. Young growth is light green, with spikes. The flowers are bicoloured - red outside, yellow inside. The berries are red, ripen in autumn, long kept on the bushes. The variety is frost-resistant, prefers light areas or partial shade.
Slow-growing columnar shrub, reaching 1.5 m in height and only 0.4 m in width. In spring and summer, the foliage is yellow-orange, with a pinkish tone. In autumn, it turns purple-orange. For the formation of a dense crown, it is recommended to annually conduct sanitary pruning, slightly shorten shoots. The barberry blooms with yellow buds in May. He loves the sun, tolerates heat, drought, but does not tolerate stagnant water.
Barberry forms a dense crown in the form of a column. Differs in slow growth. Adult specimens reach 1.5 m in height and 0.4 m in width. Small foliage changes color depending on the season. In the spring it is orange, in the summer it is bright yellow, in the autumn it is reddish. In May, the shrub blooms with small yellow-red flowers. The fruits ripen in autumn, long held on the branches.
Korean barberry (Berberis koreana)
As the name makes it clear, the plant comes from Korea. Bush can grow to 2 meters in height. The leaves are oval-shaped, green. Before winter, they get a crimson color. Bright yellow flowers in the brush for 15-20 pieces. They have a strong odor, which makes it possible to quickly identify the plant.
Calling the best barberries and the best varieties for the Moscow region, it is impossible to forget about the Korean variety. It withstands frost well, but does not like excessive moisture. Prefers stone soil.
Whole-edge - varietal representative of the Korean. It is found on the slopes of the mountains, gives fruits in the form of reddish-black berries.
Barberry Thunberg (Berberis thunbergii)
Barberry Thunberg has undersized varieties. These varieties of barberries rarely grow above one meter. Young shoots are recognized by the yellow color. Subsequently, they darken and become purple-brown. The leaves are small, but with a light green color and egg-like form. The plant blooms annually, starting in May or early August. The inflorescences are rich in flowers of red and yellow color. Thunberg variety spiny barberry. The fruit is not used for consumption because it has a bitter taste.
The list of varieties of barberry Thunberg has more than 70 plants. Most often, Russians prefer this:
- Thunberg's barberry Bonanza Gold - a bush with a height of up to 50 cm, it is distinguished by its golden leaves, it blooms every year,
- Thunberg red chief barberry - unlike the previous one, the red chief barberry is quite tall - up to 2.5 m. Tiny reddish leaves made this plant one of the leaders in landscape design,
- barberry Kornik - differs in an interesting coloring of leaves: a mixture of green and white with a large number of divorces. Outwardly very similar to the grade barberry Thunberg Carmen,
- Toonberg barberry Helmond Pillar - a red deciduous variety with a growth of 1.3 m. Helmond Pillar multiplies well in the Moscow region,
- Thunberg barberry Kelleris - a motley bush with a height of 1.3 m, changes the color of the leaves during the year: in the summer - bright green, in the autumn - purple-red,
- Thunberg barberry dart s red lady - very attractive in appearance: miniature (up to 0.8 m), very bright. Barberry Darts red lady can boast egg-shaped leaves and scarlet color. Barberry Red lady blooms relatively long
- Atropurpurea Nana barberry - Dutch undersized variety, reaches a height of 0.4-0.6 m maximum, dark purple leaves and reddish-yellow flowers and brilliant bright red fruits are the hallmarks of the variety.
This is not a complete list of varieties that this species can boast. Other common varieties in Russia include: goldalita tunberg, tunberg coral, golden carpet, golden dream tunberg, silver beauty, rose rocket, starberst, powwow, fireball, inspirent, green ornament, Chiquita, red carpet, natasha, Evita, ruby star , flamingo, red stitch, lyutin Rouge, Florence, Orang Sunrise, sense, concord, indian summer, red dream, chikita, red dj, fireball, gold fences, kelleris, golden horizon, golden rocket, red pillar, pink quin, golden torch , Florence, Starburst, Red Jewel, Mix, Sensation, Carmen, Coral, Golden Ruby.
Canadian Barberry (Berberis canadensis)
It was brought to Russia from North America. Canadian barberry loves the terrain near rivers, as well as high in the mountains, on the hills. A shrub grows in height of more than 2.5 m. It is characterized by brown or dark purple color of shoots. Outwardly, this barberry looks very similar: ordinary and Amur barberries. Its leaves are green, oblong in shape, reaching 2-5 cm. The plant tolerates drought and frost well. Fruits happy owners annually.
Barberry of Ottawa (Berberis x ottawensis)
This variety managed to be brought out thanks to crossing of the barberry of Thunberg and one of grades usual. The bush grows to 2 m and has a dark purple leaf color. This kind of plant retains all summer. In late May, begins to bloom. Lush inflorescences, contain 8-10 flowers.
Berberis x ottawensis
The bush tolerates pruning, frost, and drought. May be propagated by seed or cuttings.
For the design of the territory is often used barberry Ottawa aura coma. This variety is red leafy. Noticeable from a distance, it grows up to 2.5 m and has a bright red leaf color. In the fall it becomes yellow.
Very original can be called barberry Ottawa silver miles. Its distinguishing features are:
- height up to 3 m
- silver pattern on a dark background of leaves,
- yellow flowers,
- red fruits.
Calling the best edible varieties of this barberry, it is impossible to bypass the Superba variety. He himself has dark red leaves and bright red fruits ripening in October.
Berberis montatine (Berberis nummularia)
This species originates from Central and Central Asia. Preference provides a dry climate. Significantly different from others, because with a length of 1.5-2 m is not worth exactly, and winds. The bush has especially long spines - up to 3 cm. Traditionally, for the barberry, the mintrate form blooms with yellow flowers, but the leaves are blue-green. The fruits are reddish, with an oval shape. The plant tolerates drought well, but does not tolerate cold. After any damage is restored for a long time.
Siberian Barberry (Berberis sibirica)
Low-growing, as on a barberry, a plant, seldom grows higher, than 1 m. Shoots of a bush have a gray or brown coloring. Leaflets oblong, pointed at apex.
Blossom starts in May. The color of the flowers is bright yellow. In diameter, they reach up to 2 cm. The same length of a pedicle. Fruits of a type are oval, red. You can collect them in September.
A good place for Siberian barberry are rocks, stone soils, mountains, deserts. It can often be found in Mongolia, Altai, in the Sayan mountains.
Barberry with full sheets (Berberis integerrima)
The longest of all types of barberries. It can grow to 4 or even 9 m. The bush winds, and therefore does not take up too much space. The leaves of the plant are completely entire, with a length of up to 5-8 cm. They have a dark blue-green color. Having brushes up to 5 cm, the inflorescences contain 12-20 flowers each.
The berries are purple-red, however, they have a plaque. The length of one fruit is from 7 to 9 mm. The variety is rich in harvest - almost 5 thousand fruits per 1 kg.
It grows in Central Asia, Iran and China. In Russia, this barberry, its species and varieties are popular in the European part.
Barberry Turkmen (Berberis turcomanica)
It is a plant with a height of up to 3 m. It is distinguished by dense branches and sharp large spines. The leaves are medium in size and almost never grow more than 4 cm. The gray-green color helps to quickly identify the bush. Contribute to this and sharp liquid teeth at the ends of the plant. This species begins to bloom at the age of 5-6 years. In June, the bush is very densely covered with inflorescences. The length of the brush is 4-6 cm, and the number of flowers is from 15 to 20. Purple-red fruits with a length of up to 8 mm can be collected in the middle of September.
Onnote. Other varieties of barberries, which are particularly strongly recommended by experienced Russian gardeners, should also be mentioned: barberry Darwin, barberry boxwood nana, Goji Shambhala, Tibetan barberry.
Summing up, we can say that the barberry is one of the obligatory bushes in each garden. The owner will be able to truly appreciate his beauty with the arrival of summer, when the entire bush is covered with lush inflorescences of bright flowers. A pleasant aroma spreads through the garden, attracting bees. The leaves, shoots and roots of the plant are often used in pharmaceuticals, because they contain 11 alkaloids, including: oxycontin, berberine, palmatin.
Thanks to its berries, the barberry yellow, varieties of red and black barberry, becomes very useful. They saturate the human body with vitamin K, E, C, pectins, catharite, mineral salts, malic acid.
Low-growing varieties will be an excellent addition to the implementation of interesting landscape design and ennoble a private area, park.
Varieties of barberry (Amur and Ordinary), giving tasty and healthy berries, are rich in vitamins C, E, organic acids and alkaloid berberine, used in traditional medicine. It helps in the fight against diabetes. Используется как нормогликемическая добавка, способная снижать уровень глюкозы в крови при диабете II типа. Также, применяется при поликистозе яичников.
Декаративно-лиственные кустарники барбариса – это, в первую очередь, сорта:
- Тунберга Адмирейшн,
- Оттавский Суперба,
- Сильвер Майлс,
- Тунберга Арлекин,
- Атропурпуреа Нана,
- Бонанза Голд,
- Голден Дрим,
- Голден Ринг,
- Грин Карпет,
- Coronite and many others.
It is these varieties that occupy a leading place in landscape gardening design. They look great both in groups and in single plantings on the background of a smooth lawn emphasizing the magnificence of multi-colored crowns. And they decorate the garden throughout the entire period - in late spring and early summer - with charming flowering, during the ripening of berries - with a riot of green leaves, in the fall - with purple foliage and bright fruits.
Another low shrub conquering the color of foliage. Yellow-green leaves even in cloudy weather look happy, as if illuminated by sunlight. It is also planted on alpine slides, as it reaches a maximum of 30 cm in height and grows in the shade and in the sun.
Small, slowly growing (only 3 cm per year), but very beautiful shrub with red leaves, well tolerated haircut. It is possible to grow in containers (convenient for terraces and balconies), also, they are decorated with rocky hills, planted near water bodies (to ensure that the roots do not rot,).
Low-growing varieties of barberry
Low shrubs no more than 1 meter in height are most often used to create landscape design. Most often for these purposes are used varieties Thunberg - they are very decorative, beautiful in color and have guta foliage. Also, it is well tolerated haircut, which makes it possible to form a bush and give it the desired shape. The berries of all the Thunberg barberries are inedible.
The most popular lately are the varieties:
- Green Carpet,
- Rose Glow
- Atropurpurea Nana,
Barberry - dwarf varieties
Lawn framing, limitation of flower beds, along garden paths, decoration of alpine slides, on the steps of a country house - dwarf barberry varieties are ideal for this purpose:
These shrubs from 30 cm to 80 cm in height look organically, easy to cut and slowly grow - these qualities are necessary for curb plants. Their luxurious color contrasts with a single-colored lawn or gray stones, which creates a unique style.
varieties Superba, Auricom, barberry Ottawa
Freely growing barberries, moreover spiky, spreading, reaching a height of 3 meters or more, will reliably protect the territory from uninvited guests. On one meter hedge planted two bushes.
Many gardeners, to draw attention to their site and emphasize the charm of the house, planted barberry shrubs. They are also good because they are a non-capricious crop, they do not require frequent watering, they grow on almost any soil, except for over-moistened. Many varieties grow rapidly. Throughout the summer, decorate the area, as beautiful in flowering and during the fruiting period. Using different types of stunted and high altitude, it is easy to create unique compositions.
Registration of personal plots, city parks would be inferior without variegated plants. Breeders created varieties with purple, lemon, red foliage colors. In the landscape design motley barberries are used as tapeworms or in combination with green varieties.
Slow-growing shrub, adding no more than 4 cm per year. Adult specimens do not exceed 50 cm in height. The leaves are rather large, as for a dwarf, in length reach 3 cm. Bright red color, with a thin yellow border. In May, the bush blooms with yellow-red buds. Berries turn red in autumn, but they are not suitable for food. The variety is suitable for urban landscaping. In winter needs shelter.
The best varieties of barberry for the Moscow region
Perhaps, when choosing any plants, you first need to look at their adaptability to the climatic conditions of the region . For the Moscow region are suitable varieties of barberry, resistant to low temperatures, polluted airy The most adaptable to such conditions are such species as:
Let us consider in more detail the brightest representative of each species.
The variety belongs to the barberry species. It has an average size, usually does not exceed 1.5 m in height. Remarkable rounded green foliage, densely covered with white spots, divorces. Barberry sun-loving, easily tolerates heat, but does not like stagnant moisture. Frost-resistant, not demanding to the composition of the soil and does not need special care.
Majestic giant, reaching a height of 3 m. Attracts the attention of purple shades of foliage. Ottawa Barberry Superba blooms in May with yellow flowers with a red rim. Already in June, berries appear, which, as they mature, acquire a bright red hue. Barberry fruits are edible. The variety is distinguished by unpretentiousness in cultivation, resistance to low temperatures, undemanding of soils.
The best grades of barberry for Siberia, the Urals
Not every plant can survive in the harsh conditions of the northern regions of Russia. But even among the heat and light-loving barberries there are varieties adapted to the cold climate, a significant decrease in temperature. They are characterized by an accelerated period of fruit ripening, unpretentious in growing.
Species variety of barberries
Many of us remember the very "Barberry" candies, syrups and lemonades, which were so popular during Soviet times. All these products were made from berries of edible types of barberry. Now many gardeners grow this unpretentious plant on their land. However, not all species take root in our latitudes, but only those that have managed to adapt to a temperate climate.
Bright berries of barberry is hard not to notice among the garden greens
The genus of barberries includes many species, among which there are both evergreen and deciduous plants. The common feature of these shrubs is the presence of spines - single, double, triple, and sometimes even five pieces together. They are placed at the base of the kidneys, can be very hard or soft, almost invisible.
Barberry bushes bloom from late May to early July. The flowers are yellow, small. Berries are light or dark red, sometimes black, with a pronounced sour taste, but quite edible.
Barberry stands look very decorative throughout the season. Deciduous species are a real decoration of the autumn garden due to the bright color of leaves and berries.
Barberry bushes adorn the garden throughout the season
Next, we consider in more detail the most popular varieties of barberry.
Evergreen barberry species
The evergreen barberries include shrubs of different species, which differ from each other:
- bush form,
- frost resistance
- growing features
- resistant to urban conditions.
The living fence of the evergreen barberry is replete with prickles, but at the same time it is incredibly beautiful
This garden hybrid is obtained from the barberry wart. The flowering period of the shrub of this species is in May. The flowers are pale yellow, the leaves are light green, shiny. Berries inedible, bluish-black color.
The species is quite resistant to low temperatures (down to -23 degrees), but is recommended for cultivation in warm climates. It prefers sunny or semi-shady places.
Barberry Freekart is represented by two decorative varieties:
- Amstelveen - grows up to one meter in height and up to two meters in width. Shoots are spiky, arcuate-shaped.
- Telstar - slow-growing shrub, reaches 90 cm in circumference. The crown is thick, the leaves have a silvery inside.
The barberry variety Amstelveen has a very compact form.
The best variegated varieties
Over the past decades, breeders of the Thunberg barberry have been bred with brightly colored foliage of several colors: lemon, purple, red. Such shrubs can be a real decoration of any garden.
Among variegated varieties of barberry Thunberg most decorative:
- Admiration The annual growth of this variety does not exceed 3–4 cm. The maximum height of an adult plant is 50 cm. The leaves reach up to three centimeters in length and are painted in a bright red color with a yellow border. In May, yellow-red buds appear on the bush. During the fruiting period, the plant produces bright red berries that are unfit for human consumption. Barberry Admiration is resistant to urban conditions. In winter, rhizomes and stems can frost up, therefore it is desirable to cover the shrub.
Barberry Admiration has brightly colored foliage and is able to adorn any garden.
Barberry Thunberg Special Gold stands out with bright golden foliage
Fast growing barberries
The fastest growing barberry varieties also belong to the Thunberg species. They have a number of distinctive features:
- An adult plant can reach three meters in height.
- The branches and trunk of the bushes are covered with spines up to 1 cm long.
- The leaves are small, oblong, 1–3 cm long. The foliage is colored in autumn with red color, it falls for the winter.
- Flowering lasts from one to two weeks. Flowers have a yellow middle, their outer side is red.
- Fruits annually and very abundant. Berries reach 10 mm in length, have an ellipsoid shape.
- Ripe bright coral-colored fruits appear on the shrubs in mid-autumn and hang on the branches for a long time.
Barberry varieties for the Moscow region
The main criterion for the selection of varieties and types of barberry for the Moscow region is their resistance to frost and urban conditions. The most popular species in this region are:
- Barberry of Ottawa,
- common barberry,
- Thunberg barberry.
Let's get acquainted closer with separate representatives of each of types.
Barberry Ottawa Superba
Barberry Superba can reach a height of 3 meters. The leaves of this shrub have a purple tint. The flowers are yellow with a red frame around the edges, bloom in May. In June, the bushes appear bright red berries that can be eaten. The variety is frost resistant, undemanding to the soil and the environment.
Ottawa barberry Superba with a purple shade of leaves retains its bright color even in the shade
Types of barberries for Siberia
Siberia has a rather cold climate and a long frosty period. In such conditions only some types of barberry can grow well, such as:
- Siberian barberry. A shrub that grows no more than 1 m in height. Its branches are covered with prickly thorns, the leaves also have spiky cloves along the edges. The flowering of the Siberian barberry begins in May, and by the end of summer red oblong-shaped fruits appear on the branches. Resistant to low temperatures, unpretentious.
Siberian barberry unpretentious and resistant to the harsh climate of Siberia
Wild bushes of Amur barberry can be found on the rocky coast of Primorsky Krai
Video: useful properties and the use of Siberian barberry
What can a hedge be made of in a country house - so that it grows well and densely, does not hurt, has a decorative appearance? Barberry bushes are very suitable for this. I have on the site two types of this plant - the barberry ordinary with green leaves, yellow flowers and awesome aroma. The flowers are small, gathered in inflorescences. A very prickly plant - it is necessary to pruning it with gloves and after pruning it is advisable to collect all the sprigs that have flown away - otherwise you can pass through your leg. The bush can be trimmed, giving it a beautiful shape. Here he “strives” for the shape of the chicken, although it is rare to cut it off and it is difficult to understand what it represents. If the bush is not cut, then it looks like a ball. It grows quickly enough, grows more than 2 meters. Not susceptible to harmful insects. And the second barberry - the barberry of Thunberg - is very similar in properties to its previous colleague, but differs only in its red foliage. It also blooms with yellow fragrant flowers. Its height is slightly less than that of green barberry - about 1.8 meters. You can also cut it and give it various forms. It looks very nice against the background of other plants, in any case you will not pass it. In the fall, it blends beautifully with a tree-pliers (big yellow vine). So that weeds do not grow under it (it’s still very unpleasant to weed under it - no matter how hard you try, but it will surely prick you with its prickles), we mumbled the space under them with expanded clay on a black spunbond and put ceramic friends from Hungary there. Barberries have fruits - berries, but they are very small - a solid bone and skin, so we leave all the berries on the bushes. And still barberries are medicinal plants, the range of their use is very wide - from the roots to the leaves, everything goes to traditional medicine. The only green fruit is poisonous. In principle, a good plant for hedges - grows quickly, has no soil and care requirements, and crawling through such a plant is a big problem - you will definitely damage not only your skin, but also your clothes.
Walking with a child, I draw attention to interesting plants and shrubs that grow along our path. Most of them can be found in the park. As, for example, barberry bush. A couple of years ago, he attracted attention by the fact that in the middle of winter there hung a lot of tiny red oblong berries. Everyone knows that the barberry provides valuable medicinal raw materials (leaves, fruits, bark, roots). Properly prepared medicine will help in the fight against many diseases. I will not describe them and advise something, the doctor must do it. The only thing I want to warn is: green berries are poisonous! But ripe can be used in cooking, they have a lot of useful substances! Since this is almost a wild plant, the care is minimal - pruning.
Barberry has many species and varieties, each of which is unique in its own way. Due to its unpretentiousness, it is very popular among gardeners. Some types of barberry can withstand temperatures up to -40 degrees. The shrub is widely used in landscaping sites, parks and residential areas.