The main holiday of winter, the New Year, is approaching, and its main attribute is, of course, the beautiful Christmas tree. In order not to cut a tree in the forest or not be content with an artificial analogue, plant a spruce tree on your site. In our family many years ago there was a tradition to celebrate the New Year at the cottage. Every year around a large already eaten, once planted grandmother, about fifteen to twenty people gather. A sonorous laugh, playing with snowballs, the smell of pine needles and oranges, waiting for a fairy tale - all this brings you back to childhood, a carefree time for the fulfillment of all desires.
Many gardeners and gardeners want to have one or more Christmas trees on their plot: it doesn’t require special care, and you can dress it up for the New Year, which will decorate your 6 acres and create a festive mood. However, many make a typical mistake: they dig up a young Christmas tree in the forest and transplant it to their beds. This is not worth doing for three reasons. Firstly, forest spruce takes root in the dacha rarely, and the conditions for its growth do not correspond to natural ones. In the forest, the Christmas tree grows in the shade, on fertile soils, in a special microclimate. Secondly, the lower branches of the forest tree are constantly dying off, which affects its decorative effect. Thirdly, if you like the forest spruce and it starts growing, then you will not hold it with any pruning. A simpler and better option would be to choose a decorative variety of spruce - the benefit of today there are many.
The most popular variety of spruce, familiar to us from the Soviet tradition to plant blue Christmas trees near the administration buildings. In our country, prickly spruce is called "blue spruce", and at home in North America, it is called "Colorado spruce" - in the name of the state where it is found everywhere. This coniferous beauty will be the ideal focusing plant for even the smallest garden. You will not have any problems finding saplings and their price: this is a very popular kind of spruce. Today, there are many varieties of blue spruce trees, including the smallest dwarf ones, which will not take away much space from your precious tomatoes and potatoes, but they will please the eye both in winter and in summer. The attractiveness of the blue spruce at the site emphasized tulips, daffodils, hyacinths, irises, summer perennials, flowering shrubs. If the size of your land allows, you can plant deciduous trees or shrubs in contrasting colors, for example, corn ears. Well, the whole alley of blue spruces looks just gorgeous.
Blue spruce - unpretentious tree with high winter hardiness. It carries shadow and full sunlight. It is undemanding to the soil, but does not tolerate waterlogging. Like most conifers, blue spruce does not tolerate alkaline soils, so do not forget to add a little lime to the pit when planting. The main plus of the blue spruce - unlike most conifers, it does not need pruning. True, if you do not want to restrain its growth. Because usually blue spruce reaches a height of 3-5 meters. If you have a small area, remove the lower branches of the spruce so that you can plant flowers or other plants under its crown.
The second name - gray fir. Excellent decorative and at the same time unpretentious tree absolutely for any site. It tolerates any soil, tolerates both drought and waterlogging. At a young age it grows very quickly, therefore it needs pruning. In the heat, it needs shading from the scorching sun, because burns may remain on its delicate needles. In winter, Canadian spruce needs shelter: it can be covering material, which should be wrapped twice around the tree and fixed. The most common variety is Konica, a Canadian cone-shaped fir, reaching a height of 3 meters.
This little beauty is the most common Christmas tree in Europe. Ideal for landing in a small area. Variety Karel is almost a fluffy ball: spruce has a low pubescent crown, which does not bare bottom, grows to 1 meters. Another dwarf species of Serbian spruce, worthy of attention, is Nana. It reaches 3 meters in height, while the crown can have a diameter of up to 2 meters. A distinctive feature of this species is the two-color needles: dark green above and white-blue below. Ordinary varieties of Serbian spruce grow rapidly and eventually stretch into slender beauties, as if descended from pictures of Russian fairy tales about the enchanted forest. It prefers acidic soil, but normally grows on calcareous. Easily tolerates drought, strong winds, frost.
Basic requirements for unpretentious conifers
- They must spend the winter without shelter,
- They should not freeze in winter,
- They should not burn in the spring sun,
- They should not get wet,
- They should not dry out
- They should grow well on all soils (the exception is marshy).
One of the most unpretentious conifers - juniper
The greatest number of non-capricious forms, tested by time and not by one summer resident, is among junipers. Junipers grow well on fairly loose, moisture-absorbing, but not heavy soils, both in the sun and in partial shade, some tolerate strong shading. With an excess of moisture in the first place suffer low creeping forms, so they are better planted in rockeries and on the slopes.
Junipers in the rock garden
Particularly spectacular compositions on the site are obtained in combination with ferns.
Junipers and ferns
They are harmonious in high flower beds as ampelous plants.
Junipers in a high flower garden
2. Juniper horizontal (Juniperus horizontalis) ‘Andorra Compact’
Juniperus horizontalis Andorra Compact. Photo from rohelineaed.ee
Especially rich in undemanding decorative forms. juniper horizontal(Juniperus horizontalis). Take the juniper horizontal 'Andorra Compact'. It is a shrub with a cushion crown 0.3-0.4 m high and up to 1 m in diameter. The needles are small, scaly, gray-green-gray, acquiring a slightly violet hue in winter. Photophilous, but makes a little shading. It grows well on moist, sandy soils.
4. Juniper horizontal (Juniperus horizontalis) ‘Wilton’
Juniperus horizontalis Wilton. Photos from imgkid.com
Ground cover shrub, creeping dense low carpet. At the age of 10 years, reaches a height of 0.1-0.15 m. With such a small height, it extends in breadth by 2-3 m or more. The needles are silver-blue. Suitable for growing in containers, harmonious in rocky gardens.
7. Cossack juniper (Juniperus sabina)
Cossack juniper (Juniperus sabina)
Record for endurance! Powerful, fast-growing view, 0.3-1.5 m high, 1.0-2.5 m wide. Its needles are very beautiful.
You can choose juniper saplings in our catalog, where the goods of various online stores are presented.
Pines are light-requiring, grow well in open solar masses, put up with penumbra, are drought-resistant, develop well on poor soils, sands, but do not tolerate stagnant overwetting.
Unpretentious Pine Beauties
In herbal compositions, pine trees are harmonious with many ground-cover plants that love the sun: stone-cutters, obrietami, borage plants, with red-leaved barberries produce spectacular contrasting compositions.
Unpretentious in the first place the shape of mountain pine (Pinus mugo). We already spoke about two of them (‘Gnom’ and ‘Mops’) in the article about dwarf conifers, and here are two other non-capricious beauties.
8. Mountain pine (Pinus mugo) ‘Winter Gold’
Pinus mugo Winter Gold. Photo from forumogrodniczeoaza.pl
This golden pine with a hemispherical, squat, unevenly developed crown shape on the sides is very much in line with its name - “winter gold”. Its needles are light green in summer, golden yellow in winter. After 10 years, reaches a height of about 0.5 m, in diameter - up to 1 m.
9. Mountain pine (Pinus mugo) ‘Ophir’
Pinus mugo Ophir. Photos from www.iris.md
This is another winter golden beauty (summer green needles) from mountain pines. The surprisingly correct, round shape of the crown becomes somewhat sprawling and unequal with age. At the age of 10 years reaches a height of 0.5 m and a diameter of 1 m.
Pine saplings from various online stores are also presented in our catalog.
13. Spruce Prickly (Picea pungens) ‘Glauca Globosa’
Picea pungens Glauca Globosa. Photo site pmsad-ekb.ru
Slow-growing semi-dwarf. At the age of 30 years reaches a height of 3 m. Crohn is round, dense only to old age. The needles are silver-blue, dense, prickly, short shoots. Resistant to smoke and soot.
Choose spruce seedlings in our catalog, compiled from the proposals of various online stores.
How to choose a spruce for the dacha, a list of species for ornamental gardeningSpruce - universal decoration of any site. In winter and summer, it remains beautiful, revives the landscape and gives it respectability. The most important thing is to choose the right spruce for the site, the types and varieties of which are calculated in several dozens.
In the nature of spruce - tall evergreen trees with a narrow cone-shaped crown and a smooth trunk. Thanks to the selection, new varieties have been bred, and the spruces are of great interest due to the variety of needles and unusual shapes.
Another name for this beauty is Caucasian Spruce (Picea orientalis). In nature, it grows to 50-65 meters in height, while having a crown with a diameter of 22 meters. The shape of the crown is pyramid, with hanging branches of a beautiful brown shade.
Young Christmas trees have a light brown (sometimes reddish) color, slightly pubescent, shiny. At the top of the young there are droplets of resin. The needles are slightly flattened and bent upward, thanks to which they are not prickly. The needles are stiff, thick, golden first and dark green during maturation. A distinctive feature - the needles as if covered with varnish.
The color of mature buds can range from reddish to violet-purple. Grow at the ends of the shoots in the upper part of the crown.
In landscape design is used in group plantings, but it looks more impressive in solitude.
Spruce spiny (blue)
The Latin name of this species is Picea pungens. Frost, wind and drought resistant. Better than other species suffers gas pollution and has a long life expectancy (almost half a century).
Spruce spruce belongs to the pine family, the genus of spruce has more than a dozen varieties, the appearance of which always causes admiration. It is a slender, large (up to 40 m high and 3 m wide) tree, which is considered to be the birthplace of North America. Cones in this species are light brown, ripen in September and decorate the Christmas tree until spring.
Decorative forms of needles can have yellow, blue and gray shades - it all depends on the thickness of the wax coating. With the onset of winter, the patina disappears and the needles turn dark green.
Blue spruce is rich in luxurious decorative varieties. For growing and design are good:
- Belobok (Bialobok) - distinguished by an unusual golden yellow color of young shoots,
- Aurea (Aurea) - at a young age stands out golden needles, which eventually acquire a dark green color,
- Atviridis (Atviridis) - dark green spruce,
- Dishaymond (BlueDiamond) or Blue diamond - differs in unusual gentle-blue color,
- Waldbrunn (Waldbrunn) - dwarf spruce, ideal for decorating rocky areas,
- Glauca (Glauca) - spruce with bluish-green needles,
- Glauca Globosa - dwarf spruce meter in height and 1.5 meters in width,
- Izeli Fastigiata (Iseli Fastigiate) - compact spruce with raised branches and bright blue needles,
- Compacta (Comacta) - dwarf spruce with a flat crown,
- Bonfire (Koster) - a weeping spruce in height of 10–15 meters and a crown of 4–5 meters,
- Lutescens (Lutescens) - the needles do not change their color all year round, while remaining yellow,
- Montgomery (Montgomery) - bonsai tree with a pillow crown in his youth and cone-shaped in mature form,
- Oldenburg (Oldenburg) - semi-dwarf spruce with wax, bright orange branches, which, when growing, become bluish-gray,
- Fastigiate - with a columnar short branched crown,
- Fat Albert - has a thick, wide blue crown of a pleasant blue color,
- Flavescens - differs in yellow-white color of needles,
- Cerulia (Coerulea) - crown bluish white,
- Hoopsie (Hoopsii) - a beautiful fir tree, the young growth of which has a red-brown shade.
This conifer grows to a height of 20-30 meters, has a narrow conical shape of the crown. Branches of adult trees tend to the ground.
Young sprouts are red-brown with a dense glandular, reddish edge. Needles - tetrahedral, prickly. Cones in mature form have an ovate (sometimes - spherical) shape. Color - purple-brown.
It is frost-resistant, well transfers shading, unpretentious to quality of soil. In dry periods needs additional watering.
This type of Christmas tree grows slowly even in favorable conditions, which allows it to be used in small areas.
If you want to choose spruce on the plot, pay attention to these varieties and types:
- Baysneri (Beissneri). Differs wide-round crown with thin, silver-bluish needles. It grows to five meters with the same width of the crown.
- Baysneri Compact (Beissneri Compacta). Thanks to breeding, the growth of this spruce does not exceed two meters. The tip is not expressed.
- Doumeti (Doumetii). 5-meter spruce with shirokokonichesky krone, branches grow up. The color of the needles is gray-blue, the cones grow right on the trunk.
- Kobold. Dwarf spruce with a height of 1 meter, with a thick crown in the shape of a ball. The needles are short, dark green.
- Argenteo variegata. Distinguished by white-motley needles.
- Aurea. It has a brilliant golden crown.
- Emproeides, Erikoides. Dwarf spruce with thin needles.
Serbian spruce (Balkan)
No matter how many species of spruce exist in nature, the most harmonious is considered Serbian spruce. In the wild, it is rare and is grown mainly artificially. A distinctive feature of this species is a low-conic narrow cone-shaped crown. Traditionally used in New Year's celebrations.
This type of photophilous, but due to the shallow depth of the roots in a single landing can be torn by gusts of wind. It carries the polluted air perfectly, the quality of the soil does not matter. Thanks to a crown haircut, you can give any shape.
Serbian spruce is ideal for growing on the site, and landscape designers recommend these varieties:
- Nana (Nana). Bluish cone-shaped spruce. When removed, the trunk may take on a bizarre shape with asymmetrical outlines.
- Pendula. Spruce with weeping crown and very deviating trunk.
- Treblish (Treblish). Dwarf spruce with a spherical bluish crown.
- Zuckerhut (Zuckerhut). Thick silvery wood with a cone-shaped crown.
Reading about spruce and description of its species, it is rare to find such a form as Sitka (Sitchensis). And it is not surprising, because this giant (mature trees grow up to 90 meters) on the territory of the former Soviet Union is cultivated less than half a century.
This North American beauty has a wide crown and silver-green needles. Cones to maturity are colored yellow-green. It is frost-resistant.
Despite the huge growth in the wild, if you wish, you can choose Sith spruce for planting at the dacha:
- Papoose. Dwarf spruce with a dense round crown, which becomes pyramidal with age. Differs in pronounced two-color needles.
- Silberzwerg (Silber Zwerg). The bonsai tree with a round crown of bright blue color.
A bit of background
The progenitor of Conica has long been growing in the vast territory of Canada. This is a wonderful pyramid-shaped Christmas tree, reaching a height of over 30 m. Its needles are bluish-green, up to 2 cm long, sickle-shaped, pleasantly smelling. The resulting bumps are small (about 5 cm), cover the crown from the middle to the top.
Gray or Canadian spruce has long been acclimatized in Russia, it grows seamlessly in the middle zone of our country, reaching a height of 5 m only by 30 years of age. It is believed that it is more decorative in comparison with the common spruce we are used to.
What is the Konica spruce
The height of the unusual Christmas tree at home is about 4 m, we have half the size. The crown of Konica is very dense. The number of branches she ate with gray and gray, i.e. miniaturization occurred due to the reduction of internodes. The mini herringbone grows well in those regions where common spruce grows.
The Konica root system is compact with a non-pronounced taproot. Most of the roots are distributed close to the soil surface. The annual growths of the first 15 years of life are about 4 cm, in the future even less - 2-3 cm.
Planting and care
For Konica most favorable open sunny places. It can grow in the penumbra, but in this case, the compactness of the crown may suffer. Some time before planting, sufficient to settle the land, about 13 kg of rotted manure and 100 g of complex fertilizers per 1 sq. M need to be added to the soil. and dig up to a depth of 40 cm. Transplanting Konik to a permanent place should not be dredged.Its position in relation to the soil should remain the same as in the container.
Caring for a mini herringbone is uncomplicated. In principle, it should have enough soil nutrition and natural draft. However, drought irrigation with crown irrigation is desirable. Surface loosening of the soil 2-3 days after watering will also not be superfluous. In order for the spruce species to be enchanted, at the end of spring you can add 4-5 kg of rotted organic matter to the root zone with shallow embedding into the soil.
For successful wintering of Konika, especially in the first years after planting, mulching with a 5 cm thick layer of compost is desirable. In early spring, this mulch will need to be embedded in the soil.
Konica's weak spot is spring "burning" of needles. To avoid this, with the activation of the sun's rays (approximately from the end of February), the crown should be wrapped with a material that allows air to pass (for example, with burlap) or something to attach.
Mutants and derived forms of Konica
At different times in various nurseries when growing Konika spruce, its natural mutations were obtained, marked by a decorative appearance. Other dwarf forms, differing in height, shape and color of needles, were specially bred. All of them are hardy and suitable for planting in rock gardens and rockeries. Here are some of them:
Spruce Alberta Globe has a spherical shape. In adult form, the height of the plant is about 1 m with the same diameter. The needles are up to 0.9 cm long, yellowish green at an early age, rich green at a later age, and softer than those of Konica. The crown of an evergreen bush is dense.
Spruce Blue Sanders Blue differs from Conica in color of needles, which has a bluish tint.
Spruce Blue Rainbows End is interesting for the difference in the color of the gains of the first wave and the second. The spring growth is colored green, and the summer growth is yellow, cream in the penumbra. Already in early August, such a Christmas tree looks like it is decorated with candles.
You can grow dwarf spruce from cuttings. This process is slow, but fascinating. If there is an opportunity to get a handle, then the best time for its rooting is the beginning of summer. This season will have time to form callus, and next year there will be roots. From the mother plant you need to take the lower mature branches, always with a heel (a piece of bark).
The prepared cutting for 3 hours should be placed in a rooting stimulator solution. No more than 1.5 cm of liquid should be poured into the container. When planting the cutting, it should be deepened by 2 cm and watered with the same solution in which it stood, but diluted 5 times with water.
The most important thing in rooting the cutting is to keep the soil moist. Over-wetting and drying the ground is not allowed. In the future, will require periodic weeding, loosening, feeding. The stalk takes root and grows slowly, but the dwarf fir-tree grown with his own hands is a matter of pride.
What to do with the purchased (donated) in the New Year's Eve herringbone
As a rule, Konica saplings appear on sale in the pre-New Year period. Pretty Christmas trees are generously sprinkled with artificial snow and hung with tinsel. They are expensive. There is a temptation to buy, hold during the holiday period at home, and land in the spring on the site. But the plant is not a toy, in a warm room it will inevitably begin to suffer: the needles will dry out and crumble.
The dressed baby needs to be freed from the tinsel, washing off the artificial snow from it. Because In the container, most likely, the coconut substrate, it is desirable to transfer the plant into a larger pot, filling the free space with soil. You can place the Christmas tree on a glazed loggia or in a bright cool room with a low positive temperature. Water occasionally. With the establishment of warm weather, the tree should be transplanted into the open ground, pritenyaya first time from the sun.
All dwarf spruces look good both in the form of tapeworms and in group plantings. Both rock gardens and mixborders benefit from their presence.
We hope that we were able to clarify the question posed, and Konica spruce or its closest relative will settle on your plot.
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Variants of application of spruce in landscape design
Few can remain indifferent to the luxury of color and the frozen beauty of the needles of conifers. Not surprisingly, the spruce in landscaping the site is used quite often. It looks great as a container landings for framing garden paths and the design of stony gardens.
The ephedra is ideal for creating multilevel compositions, harmoniously combined with low-growing shrubs and flowering perennials
Trees with acicular foliage of a rich green shade look interesting in combination with bright flowers of single and perennial plants. To create compositions are perfect: Japanese anemones, pansies, aquilegia, phloxes and hosts. Conifers are the ideal basis for creating evergreen sculptures that can make the garden look richer and more colorful.
Among the main advantages of spruce in the design of the site is to highlight:
- The ephedra will delight the saturation of shades of needle greens in the summer, without fading under the sun, and the winter period, in contrast to the whiteness of snow.
- The phytoncides emitted by the plant are capable of efficiently purifying the air, exerting a healthy effect on the human body.
- Spruce is great for any landscape design style.
- Fluffy branches are convenient to use in the manufacture of handicrafts: the creation of paintings, herbaria, Christmas compositions.
But spruce, like any other plant, has its drawbacks. For example, this ephedra is able to grow strongly, darkening the territory and depleting the ground. Therefore, for the design of gardens using types of fir trees that have a dwarf shape.
Spruce is also convenient because it is easy to prune. Thanks to this, even a skilled gardener has no problems with giving a crown a unique shape.
It is advisable to plant spruce along the fence. In a short period of time, the ephedron builds up lush forms, and its thick paws form a solid and dense wall.
Variety of decorative forms
In modern parks and gardens more than 20 species of spruce. The main thing when choosing the type of conifer is the configuration of its crown and the size of the plant in adult condition.
In landscape design, the most common are 3 types of fir trees:
- Ordinary - typical type, represented by more than 50 garden forms. The stunted forms created on its basis reach a height of 1.2 m, and sredneroslye - 3 or more meters. The wide color palette of needles, starting with golden and finishing with rich green, on the branches, gathered in pyramidal or pillow-shaped crowns, makes the hvoyniki of this kind welcome guests in the garden plots.
- Prickly - more than 70 varieties are represented in culture. Most of them are medium and tall trees up to 40 meters high with a beautiful cone-shaped crown. Although there are also dwarf forms up to 2 m high. The needles are very prickly: hence the name of the species. It can be bluish-white, blue-steel, silver and bluish-green.
- Gray - has more than 20 decorative forms. The name of the species was due to the ash-gray color of the bark and the shade of pine needles. Dwarf forms of this species have a spherical and nest-shaped crown, and tall ones are cone-shaped. The color palette of needles is quite wide, starting with yellowish-golden and gray-blue and finishing with bright green.
Ate, like any other plants, are divided into three groups: dwarf, medium and tall. When gardening plots of land, dwarf and middle-growth representatives of conifers are most popular.
Among the variety of coniferous ornamental plants in landscape design, creeping and dwarf varieties are especially popular
Among the undersized forms are plants, the size of which in adulthood is several times smaller in comparison with the original maternal species. For example, in nature, an ordinary spruce, referred to as Picea abies is a 50-meter beauty with a neatly decorated crown, whose width reaches 8-10 meters.
The decorative form of this tall conifer, known by the name Picea abies "Nidiformis" or spruce "pillow", reaches no more than two meters in height with a crown width of 2-3 meters.
The main advantage of dwarf forms of conifers is the minimum annual growth of young shoots, which in most cases is limited to 10-15 cm
Among the modern varieties created on the basis of the common spruce, the most decorative are the ephedra, whose crowns have a nest or spherical shape.
For the formation of low borders and design of stony gardens, miniature bush Picea abies "Nidiformis" is perfect.
Dwarf spruce "Nidiformis" in adulthood reaches a height of only 40 cm, forming a spreading crown with a diameter of up to one meter
The fan-shaped thin graceful shoots "Nidiformis" are decorated with soft and short needles of a gentle emerald hue.
No less attractive is the "Little Gemme." Outgoing from the middle of the crown shoots, framed by dark green thin needles, form a neat hemispherical "pillow". It looks particularly interesting in the form of a standard form, planted in a floor tank or a pot.
The branches of the petite beauty Picea abies "Little Gem" form a soft short needles of rich dark green color
Picea abies "Will’s Zwerg" has a beautiful narrowly conical crown shape. The plant is interesting thanks to the soft-green shade of young needles covering the milk shoots, which contrasts favorably against the dark green of the old needles. Evergreen shrub is well suited for small garden gardens.
Spruce "Will’s Zwerg" looks interesting in group compositions and as a tapeworm when arranging gardens with a small area
Glauka Globoza, bred by selection, is famous for its unusual decorativeness. The dwarf plant has no clearly defined stem. Its sprawling branches, dotted with millions of thin needles of elegant silver-blue tint, form a beautiful spherical crown. The cones formed on the branches, resembling Christmas decorations, give the tree a special attraction.
Blue beauty "Glauca Globosa" is often used to decorate urban landscapes, often speaking as an elegant addition to park alleys
It is impossible to ignore the stunted varieties, which are picturesquely spreading along the ground. The miniature “Nana” resembles a soft pillow, and “Echiniformis” is identified with a bun, the round shapes of which are the original frame of garden paths.
Most species of spruce trees are shade tolerant in themselves, but often their dwarf forms are very sensitive to a lack of light.
When creating a backyard design, it is also customary to use medium-sized hnochniki, whose height reaches no more than 15 m. A low-rise single tree with a clearly defined crown looks picturesquely against the background of a lawn "carpet" or walls of a house. A dramatic snag or a white stone will help to complete the picture.
How to choose grass for planting a lawn, you can learn more from the material: https://diz-cafe.com/ozelenenie/kakuyu-travu-vybrat-dlya-gazona.html
Spruce trees with sprawling crowns are able to create a shady recreation area, filled with a special atmosphere of home comfort and unity with wildlife
Blue spruce is one of the most popular types of hilt, revered by designers not only for its unpretentious care, but also for the fascinating change in shades of needle foliage throughout the year. Only 20% of the representatives of this species have a pronounced color of the sky, the rest are rich in green and gray tones.
Blue beauties are not able to withstand temperature fluctuations in the northern regions and feel comfortable only in temperate latitudes. Spruce with blue needles looks advantageous along garden paths, against the background of wooden buildings or stone buildings.
A bright representative of this type is Picea pungens “Blue Diamond”, which translated means “blue diamond”.
Graceful beauty "Blue Diamonds" with a high thin barrel and a neatly formed conical crown is often used for mixed mixborders
To diversify the collection will help weeping species of firs. Considering their tendency towards the aquatic environment, the ephedra can be safely involved in the design of the banks of the reservoirs.
Full-size weeping spruce trees reach a height of 10-15 meters with a width of 2-3 meters. Thin branches, hanging down, round the curved stem of the plant, giving it a weeping shape.
Serbian spruce "Glauk Pendula" with flexible thin shoots hanging along the trunk - a win-win option when translating non-standard solutions in garden compositions
Canadian fir is more adapted to our climate. Konica is famous for frost resistance and unpretentiousness in leaving. It is interesting for landscape design because it has a decorative cone-shaped crown, for the year gives a small increase and harmoniously fits into the design of even very small areas.
"Piccolo" - bright, elegant variety with emerald green needles, cast in the sun light bluish tint, effectively looks in group plantings
Picea pungens "Maigold" stands out against the background of monotonous green "sisters", adding to the collection of variety beauties in 1988. It will look great as a tapeworm.
The young shoots sparkling in the sun make the coniferous beauty “Maygold” look like a queen wrapped in a golden robe
The crown of the tree, reaching a height of 6 m, has a loose pyramidal shape. After a few weeks the creamy yellow needles on young shoots gradually change their color, acquiring an equally attractive bluish-green hue.
If the plot area allows, it is better to use different types and varieties of spruce to create a picturesque and original picture.
It will also be useful material about coniferous compositions in the landscape design of the garden: https://diz-cafe.com/ozelenenie/xvojnye-v-landshaftnom-dizajne.html
Tall trees successfully fit into any landscape as soliter, more compact forms of conifers can be easily combined with other plantations
In order to create a harmonious and attractive composition, masters of landscape art advise to take into account a number of key points:
- The composition should not be too motley. For a group of three conifers, use two colors. When composing the composition of the five evergreen plantations, use only three colors.
- Composing a multi-level composition, including 20-30 plantations, place the elements in groups, selecting them by color.
- The fir-shrub ensemble requires competent placement of accents: low-growing plants occupy the foreground, and the back honeys must be medium-grown conifers.
- To avoid the feeling of density of Christmas tree plantings, the arrangement of ordinary or Moorish lawn coniferous forests in the near-forest area will help.
Juicy needles of a dark shade will emphasize the beauty of a nearby flowering shrub. In addition to the flowering plants, shrubs with unusually colored foliage will become a good addition to the coniferous beauty: weigela, chubushnik, barberry.
Fir trees are perfectly combined with other conifer varieties and flowering perennials, creating a picturesque picture that looks elegant at any time of the year.
Recommendations for the care of spruce
Proper fit and care is a guarantee that conifer beauties will delight with their presentable appearance almost all year round.
Wanting to decorate your site with one or more spruces, experienced gardeners advise you to follow certain rules:
- Landing time. The ephedra is better to plant in early spring or early autumn, when the plant has not yet entered or has already passed the phase of vigorous growth. In order to keep young shoots from frosts and rodents, it is desirable to mulch the near-foot zone for the winter with peat.
- Placement Under natural conditions, spruce grows well in the valley of the river, where it receives enough moisture to power a powerful root system. But at the same time, she does not like swampy terrain, and therefore needs a drainage arrangement.
- The composition of the soil. All types of fir trees love fertile alkaline and sour soil. They are intolerant to heavy soil types. При высадке хвойника в обедненную почву посадочную яму предварительно стоит обогатить, внеся 100 гр комплексного минерального удобрения. При недостатке кислорода и питания растение может даже погибнуть.
Стоит учитывать, что ель сильно влияет на окружающие ее цветы и кустарники, поэтому ее лучше размещать на небольшом удалении от солнцелюбивых растений. You should not plant conifers close to each other, because their branches will limit the access of sunlight.
Observing these simple rules in the selection of varieties and the compilation of plant compositions, you can create on your site a cozy and picturesque design that will delight the eyes throughout the year.
How beautiful to plant ornamental shrubs: the main criteria for placement
The very first thing is to choose just such a plant that will feel comfortable in the climatic conditions of your region. Choose a particular variety, it is necessary on the basis of this factor. The second nuance is its location.
If you get a sun-representative, then you need to plant it in a sunny place, where there will be a lot of light and there will not even be hints of shadow. But shade-loving, on the contrary, should be placed in shaded areas, or even generally in the shadow of buildings or large trees. This is important, because the wrong choice of location can affect not only the brightness of the foliage colors or the pomp of flowers on the bush, but also its viability.
The overall picture of the garden should also be considered when choosing a plant. In a small area, tall and lush specimens will look out of place. But, for example, flowering frost-resistant, low beautiful bushes will fit perfectly, and they will delight you with their views to the very cold.
Such representatives include dwarf varieties of Cossack juniper Tamariscifolia and Green Carpet - short, creeping along the ground, very cold-resistant. These are ideal options for creating compact alpine slides, rockeries, lawn edging, curbers.
Shrubs for hedges should also be chosen from among the stunted or medium-tall representatives with a dense crown, so that instead of an attractive fence there will not be columns of high thickets. Spike bushes, decorative flowering, columnar representatives, such as junipers, are optimally suited for such decoration. For joint planting, weigela, buddleya, spiorela, oleander will work well, they will harmoniously look with other green fellows who grow nearby. And if you want to form an arch or, for example, decorate a gazebo, fence, then in this case you should choose climbing species.
The choice is wide! For each section of any size and shape, you can find your own version. In addition to flowering plants, there are many varieties of shrubs with amazing foliage color, with an unusual crown, leaf shape. Diversity is an important aspect in this business. In most cases, the dacha landscape is divided into three zones (or tiers): the lower - vegetable beds and flower beds, the upper - fruit trees. But the bushes can take the so-called middle zone. The correct selection and combination of plants among themselves is the main goal for the summer resident who strives for beauty, comfort and harmony in his area.
Decorative leafy or flowering shrubs are not only a pleasure to contemplate, but also functional plants. Thus, by planting them near the fence, you can create a barrier from curious glances or unwanted penetration (spiny species).
With their help, it is very convenient to zone a plot, for example, to separate recreation areas and a territory for growing garden crops.
Borderychiki, paths, hedges, which have already been mentioned, the creation of protection (shadow) for more delicate shade-loving plants, the decoration of some unsightly fragments on the site - all this can be decorated, decorated or hidden with a variety of bushes and bushes. And if you decide to plant fruit representatives, then you will be additionally rewarded for your work with useful berries.
Flowering shrubs to give
Some of these representatives are also fruit, this nuance will be indicated in the description.
I will begin, perhaps, with weigela blooming. This shrub looks great during flowering and after it. Variety Nana Variegata can also be attributed to the ornamental-deciduous species, its foliage has a beautiful golden border, and Nana Purpureya has dark, red-brown leaves.Weigela Nana Purpureya
The blooming Weigel view pleases the view with pink bells that bloom in waves during the season (usually this is all May). The first wave is the most abundant. Some varieties can produce color twice a year, for example, weigela Middendorf.Weigela Middendorf ↑ to content ↑
Spirea is very unpretentious and very beautiful. Its varieties can bloom in both spring and summer. If it is correct to calculate the time, then you can plant these two species in such a way that one blooms and the second only enters the flowering phase. Some varieties of spirea have beautiful foliage - Wagnutta, Pink Ice. For this reason, they can be attributed to the ornamental deciduous shrubs.Spirey Wangutta
Spirea blooms profusely and magnificently, bending down with branches literally plastered with white flowers all the way to the ground.
A low, slow-growing Japanese spirea blooms in a lush purple-pink inflorescences. It is also attractive and is a honey plant, like its white-flowering look.Japanese spirea
Spireas are not particularly capricious for the choice of soil, but you should pay attention to the requirements for light / shade in different varieties.
Jasmine or Chubushnik
Garden jasmine or Chubushnik - well, how can it be without him ?! Because of the enchanting aroma, almost everyone knows and loves it. Today, there are multiple varieties and hybrids - all of them are very attractive. They differ in size, shape, color and aroma of flowers. But in our case we are talking about a white-flowered representative - frost-resistant, disease-resistant, very unpretentious (can be placed in the shade or in a place lit by sunlight). It looks equally great in group plantings and in single ones, the main thing is to water it in time, but do not let water stagnate in the area of the tree trunk. The bloom time of the chubushnik depends on its cultivar, but it usually begins in May and lasts about a month. There are those that bloom in summer and early autumn.Jasmine (Chubushnik) ↑ to content ↑
Kalina applies to fruit specimens, and decorative leafy. A plant unique in every sense: it blooms beautifully with large white spherical inflorescences, the berries are useful, are widely used as a medicine. Foliage also deserves attention: its shade changes from rich green to golden and red.
In general, there are many species of viburnum (about 200), among which you can even find evergreen specimens. In our area, the most common and popular are two of its usual species - ordinary viburnum and viburnum bulldonezh. They are cold-resistant, non-capricious, decorative at any time of the year, like shade and moderate watering. Flowering time - mid-May / end of June, approximately 20 days.
Kalina ordinary in bloom and with fruits:
Some shrubs that can grow in the country do not even need to be presented and recommended, for example, wild rose. It is attractive in appearance, useful in many ways, not only decorate your plot in spring when it blooms with pink or red flowers, but also creates a thorny barrier if you plant it along the fence. In some of its varieties, flowers are not inferior to roses in their beauty (terry look), and varieties with healing red berries will give you a natural, natural "medicine", the valuable qualities of which are known to all. Rosehip is unpretentious, quickly branches, has a very dense crown, prefers the sun or partial shade. It blooms from May to August.Rosehip blooms Wild rose fence Rosehip leaves in the fall ↑ to the content
Fragrant, having many colors and shades - lilac! Without it, it is difficult to imagine a summer cottage or a local area, be it a private or multi-storey building. Lilac is quite large (up to 2, 3 or more meters in height) shrub. Even in a small area, at least one bush, but you can plant. There are many different varieties of lilac. She is resistant to cold, unpretentious, beautiful in itself (good in a single landing). It is preferable to place it in a sunny place, but in the partial shade lilac will feel comfortable. When planting, leave around her free space so that she was not crowded. The flowering time is May, for some, it lasts until June.Common lilac White lilac Hungarian Lilac Lilac Beauty Moscow
Forsythia flowering shrubs are the real “suns” on your site! It blooms in early spring with bright yellow bells, and the foliage on the shrub appears after the flowers have fallen. Abundant flowering time lasts about three weeks. This is a heat-loving representative who maximally shows his decorative effect in the warm regions of our country. It looks great as a separate plant or surrounded by bulbous flowers. Suitable for the formation of hedges, does not like wet soil, drafts and cold winds. It prefers a light fertile soil, for the winter it is better to protect it with a covering material. Its other name is Forsythia. Forsythia bushes have an average size, suitable for small areas.
Forsythia bush is shaped like a ball ↑ to content ↑
There are shrubs that grow and bloom where many others refuse to grow and produce color. It is to such specimens refers hydrangea, preferring shade and moist soil. This frost-resistant shrub blooms large snow-white, lilac, pink, blue, purple "balls". If you cut a hydrangea flower and put it in a vase, it will last long enough. Hortensia has a long flowering, which begins around July and lasts until the beginning of autumn. Some varieties, such as "Freudenstein" blooms until October inclusive. This is a non-capricious plant that feels good even on sour soil, which most flower and garden representatives do not like so much. It can be used in single plantings, but also harmoniously looks in a company with rhododendrons, clematis, lilies, roses, all kinds of hosts, ferns.Hydrangea bushes Hydrangea paniculata Vanilla Freyzi ↑ to content ↑
Buddley - quite popular lately among gardeners shrub. Her blue, lilac, pink, slightly elongated inflorescences consist of multiple small flowers that emit a magical sweet scent. This plant can reach 3 meters in height, blooms for a long time, from mid-July until the second half of September. Due to some external similarity, it is sometimes called autumn lilac. Looks attractive in a single planting on the lawn, as well as in the company of silverweed, undersized groundcover roses. It is also good as a kadochny plant, only the capacity for it should be large. Thus, by placing a buddley in a voluminous flowerpot, you can decorate the terrace or place near the steps, the entrance to the room. Loves sunlit places, drained fertile soil, does not like drafts and windy zones.Budley Bush of David Budley David inflorescences
The relative of the hydrangea and the chubushnik is deicia, it is distinguished by abundant and long flowering (from 30 to 60 days). If you plant it in a partial shade and a place protected from drafts, starting from about June, it will bloom with dense white-pink or snow-white (depending on the variety) racemose inflorescences. Most varieties of deytion are high flowering shrubs that can reach 4 meters in height. Looks great in the form of hedges and in single plantings.Bush deytion Flowering inflorescences ↑ to contents ↑
In fact, there are a great many flowering shrubs, alas, it is simply impossible to describe them all in one article. Many of them combine the beauty of flowering and taste of fruits, such as Chaenomeles (or Japanese Quince), which grows up to 2 meters or more, blooms bright, eye-catching red flowers. Subsequently gives edible fruits, ranging in size from 3 to 6 cm.
Henomeles or Japanese quince:Chaenomeles blooms Fruits of henomeles ↑ to content ↑
Very beautiful and popular. Depending on the variety, it blooms with “moth” flowers of different shades. This representative is so unpretentious that it will feel comfortable even on poor soil. Resistant to drought and cold, unpretentious, looks great in single and group plantings. This honey plant is often planted on the slopes.
Broom grows in about 30 days, it can be of different heights, again, depending on the cultivar.
Also, rhododendron is a garden pet in southern summer residents, with the onset of spring, this shrub simply sinks into pink, lilac, purple, and red flowers.Rhododendron ↑ to content ↑
Decorative leafy shrubs for the garden
This is a separate category of shrubs, without which, often, no summer cottage can do. As in the case of blooming varieties, it will not be possible to tell about all worthy specimens in one article, however, it is worth mentioning your attention to individual representatives. Decorative leafy shrubs in most cases do not require special care, a separate advantage is their longevity. Planting a bush once, creating a comfortable environment for existence, you can admire it for many years.
Red japanese maple
If you like the riot of red shades, then the site is definitely worth planting a red Japanese maple. It is a shrub with a voluminous crown, its foliage first has a bright green color, then, closer to the fall, it becomes reddish-orange and eventually turns into a bright red, carmine shade. In fact, the Japanese maple, there are many varieties, each of them colored foliage in its own attractive. The variety Aconitifolium is orange-red leaves, Vitifolium is carmine-red leaves, one of the most popular is Atropurpureum, which has a dark red, almost black and red foliage color. They look great anywhere on the site, like penumbra, in harmony with coniferous representatives, combined with ferns, hosts.
Red Japanese Maple:
Frost-resistant Mountain ash ryabinnikom very unpretentious, grows quickly, is beautiful in bloom, but its foliage deserves special attention. Openwork leaves have an interesting feature - the gradient, the transition from one shade to another. Orange, red, yellow, pinkish, green - all these colors blend smoothly with each other on one single leaf. From a distance, it resembles a bright bonfire, a riot of colors observed throughout the season, especially closer to the fall. It can be used in group plantings, to conceal unattractive landscape details, it grows equally well in sunny zones and in partial shade. The ground grass is not particularly demanding to the ground, but it is more preferable for it to be moistened, loose and nutritious soil. Drought is undesirable for him.
The ashberry ryabinnikom Sam:
Barberries - is a separate issue, the first among them according to its external data is the Barberry of Tunberg with purple leaves. Even in winter, its red and prickly twigs attract attention. With the advent of spring, it blooms with reddish leaves, against which yellow flowers look very elegant. Gradually, closer to the summer, the leaves of the barberry become intensely red, and in autumn all the shades of burgundy, scarlet and carmine color paint the whole plant.
Prefers sunny and semi-shaded places, unpretentious, but reacts poorly to excessive soil moisture. The scope of application is extensive - from hedgerows to single planting or planting in a flowerbed surrounded by other floral representatives. Its dwarf variety is considered a variety "Atropurpurea Nana".
Barberry Thunberg photo:
Variety of barberry Turnn - Tini Gold:
The variegated varieties of barberry are Rose Glow (red leaves with pink dots), Admiration with golden edging along the edges of the red leaf, Kelleris with white-green foliage, Natasza with pink-greenish-white leaf color.
The barberry with golden foliage Golden Rocket is incredibly attractive, the greenish-golden leaves of this shrub are so bright that they are visible from a distance and attract attention. They look perfect on green lawns, in the form of hedges, on mix boards among other plants.
Barberry Golden Rocket:
Barberries with golden foliage have several varieties, but all of them are distinguished by the main feature - the color of the leaves. For example, the Diabolicum barberry has a red border around the edges of a greenish-yellow, practically golden leaf. The compact varieties of these shrubs are Tiny Gold (photo above) and Bonanza Gold.
Barberry with golden foliage (left):The composition of several varieties of barberry ↑ to the content
Dören is a very attractive shrub, and at any time of the year and even completely without foliage! Разновидностей дёрена много, например, Элегантиссима с бело-зелёными листьями, Сиберика Вариегата имеет красновато-зелёную листву с розовой окантовкой по краям, Кессельринг может похвастаться листьями-хамелеонами коричневато-розового оттенка с добавлением желтых и зеленых красок.
Когда наступает зима и дёрен сбрасывает листву, его направленные ввысь побеги имеют ярко-красный цвет, явственно выделяются на белом снегу. Он неприхотлив, теневынослив, морозостоек, приживается на любой почве. The maximum height of this representative - 3 meters, but red tree can grow even higher. He, of course, takes up a lot of space, but the color of the foliage is simply amazing. If you are the owner of a large plot, it may make sense to pay attention to the red grass.
Dören red photo:
Dören red in winter:
Forchun's euonymus is a rather short (up to 60 cm) shrub, originally from China. It has many varieties, but all of them are distinguished by a motley, conspicuous eye color foliage. It can be shaped like a bush, or it can be shaped as a liana, setting the direction with a rope, and there, with its air roots, it will cling to anything, even the wall. Depending on a grade they have different color of a border of a leaf. For example, the leaves may be pale green with a white edging, and may be bright green with a yellow border (sort of "Emerald Gold"). This frost-resistant plant, non-capricious, loves moderately moist soil, looks great as a single element or the main accent of a flower bed, in a word - good in any form and looks appropriate in a suitable color company.
Bubblepipe - very interesting because, depending on the variety has completely different colors of foliage. It is a non-capricious plant, however, it will feel more comfortable on loose, moderately moist soil. Widely used in landscape design: individual varieties can be cut and give them any shape, other varieties are used to create curbs or hedges. He is good and attractive in itself, and in the company of other garden representatives.
I advise you to pay attention to the following blisters: Diabolo, which has dark red, almost black leaves and looks spectacular, but a bit gothic. In the spring its foliage has a lighter shade - carmine - red, but then gradually darkens. Variety Darts Gold, on the contrary, has a cheerful leaf color - yellow-fiery. A type of nugget changes the shade of foliage depending on the season, first the leaves are yellow, and closer to the autumn they turn green. Red-leafed biliprod is another popular species, with scarlet leaves in the spring and dark burgundy, burakovykh with the advent of cold weather.
Blower in the country:
Talking about the ornamental deciduous shrubs, one can not forget about the Japanese spirea, which has not only beautiful flowers, but also multicolor, bright foliage.
The leaves of the common heather do not lose their beauty even with the arrival of winter, it is unpretentious, but loves sunlight.
Shrubs that you want to choose to give should always be divided by height, requirements (whimsical / unpretentious), frost resistance, compatibility with other plants.
Spirea foliage in autumn, photo:
Foliage weigela, photo:
Hawthorn also comes to mind, which has so many varieties that among them any gardener can find a shrub to his taste. It is possible to form any figures from hawthorn bushes, its fruits are medicinal, used in folk and official medicine. In its "behavior" it is somewhat similar to boxwood, looks great in the design of hedges, in group plantings, as well as in a single copy.
Hedge of ornamental shrubs
The hedge is one of the most popular, interesting, and favorite gardening “structures”, in which greenery stands as a “building” material. Depending on the desired result, the hedge can be arranged in the form of a low curb or, conversely, a high green wall. You can choose any shape or length of such fencing, this is truly a creative occupation, almost always giving a great result. A green fence can hide the unsightly elements of the suburban area (for example, an old fence, fencing), highlight certain zones in the territory, or emphasize other accents of landscape design.
When choosing shrubs for this purpose, you need to consider the following parameters:
- Varieties of shrubs - in fact, the choice of plants to create hedges is very large. It is necessary to approach the choice not only from an aesthetic point of view, but also from a practical one. It can be homogeneous shrubs or a mixed version, when using different varieties and species that are in harmony with each other.
- The growth rate of plants - count all the nuances: how often you are in the country, if you can cut, correct the bushes in time. At what place does the shrub of your choice grow (sunny or shaded) and how it will manifest itself in a given territory. This also includes the question of the shape of the future hedge, so the growth rate of the bushes is a very topical question.
- Shrub height - before the final choice, carefully study the potential of the bush and compare its capabilities with your wishes. The density (width) of the plantations also applies to this item, you may have to plant them in two or even three rows.
- Soil preparation for bushes - consider this factor, certain types of ornamental shrubs require a special composition of the soil. If in doubt, choose the most unpretentious cultivators, or consult with more experienced gardeners. In some cases, you will have to pre-pave the way for the desired variety of shrubs.
If you are a beginner, give preference to non-capricious and shade-tolerant specimens that will not require daily soil moisture. Although it is the last aspect that depends on how often you are at the cottage. Remember that the most successful mixed hedges are obtained by planting plants with the same (or similar) biological demands on moisture, light, soil quality, as well as a similar growth rate.
Hedge of thuy, photo:
If we consider the coniferous shrubs for hedges, then dwarf forms of fir, thuja or juniper will suit you. Such a fence will always be green, at any time of the year.
Dwarf fir Nidiformis unpretentious, has a bright green color, does not exceed one meter in height. Small bushes are planted at a distance of 1 meter from each other, do not make any pruning until the next season, until the spruce grows. Further correction is made from the sides (two-thirds of the length of the branches) and on top (cutting the upper branches by about a third of their length).
El Nidiformis photo:
Spruce European hedge:
In nature, thuja is represented not only in the form of a tree, but also in a bush. It is the bushy and dwarf varieties of thujas used to create hedges. This plant is easy to give the desired shape and height, it emits a pleasant pine aroma, is always green and looks great. TUi Smaragd or Brabant is most often used by Russians for decoration of green hedges. Thuja seedlings are seated about 50 or 70 cm apart, and decoration and cutting are done only on 2 or 3 years of plant life. Smaragd is sheared less often, Brabant - more often, all thujas are cold-resistant, they perform well when planted in clay or sandy soil. Moderate soil moisture is the best option for them. The varieties Khoseri, Danika, Teddy, Little Dorrit are also suitable for creating hedges.
Juniper is one of the favorite, popular, convenient in cutting and care of plants for decoration of green fences. He likes sunlight, is resistant to drought and cold, but should be protected from excessively wet soil (avoid bogging). It is not necessary to plant it, if you have a clay soil in the area. Bushes are seated at a distance of 60-80 cm from each other, they are cut about 2 times a year. Consider that juniper grows pretty fast.A hedge of a mozhevelnik in one of the southern cities
If you want to create a hedge from a climbing plant, moreover, very quickly, pay attention to Highlander Aubert. This is one of the fastest growing shrubs, lianas, which reaches a half meter length per season. This plant is unpretentious to the soil, often needs to be adjusted (pruned), blooms with thick white inflorescences and requires a pre-installed strong support.
Highlander Aubert photo:
Hops - shrub and at the same time winding vine. Unpretentious, frost-resistant, likes wet soil, does not need frequent adjustments. The plant forms very nice mid-sized buds, which only add to the beauty of thick bright green foliage. He also needs a reliable and strong support and garter.
A luxurious hedge is made of climbing roses. Depending on your preferences, you can choose any sort with the desired shade of buds.
The Graham Thomas variety produces yellow flowers, Adelaide d’Orleans (Adelaide d’Orleans) white buds with a yellow center, Super Dorothy blooms with numerous lush rose buds, Alaska a white rose, delicate and at the same time solemn.
Such a hedge will not leave anyone indifferent. Be prepared for care and regular pruning, if you choose roses, they will need support too. Shrub roses can also be used in this capacity.
Climbing rose hedge, photo:
Clematis is an ornamental shrub and at the same time a vine. This plant loves the sun, fertile, drained and slightly alkaline soil. It turns into a thick fence in about 2 or 3 years, it looks very impressive due to the large flowers of the most varied colors, as well as thick, rich green foliage. Requires a strong support, like all vines.
The sloe (or blackthorn) reaches two meters in height, blooms with white flowers densely arranged to each other, has multiple spines. Planting the turn to create a hedge, each bush will need to be fixed, tied to a peg. So you set the right direction for the bush, support it at first, until it gains strength. The first month after planting seedlings should be watered regularly. Blackthorn grows very quickly, gives dark blue fruits - wild plums (tasty, slightly tart to taste).
Sea buckthorn is a useful and very attractive in appearance shrub, decorative fruit, I would say. Gardeners recommend planting sea buckthorn bushes in two rows. Despite the fact that trimming haircut reduces the productivity of sea buckthorn, the aesthetic side of the case only benefits from this. This frost-resistant plant can be with or without prickles. Requires a pre-installed reliable support - then everything will be beautiful and even.
Snowberry is an incredibly attractive shrub. It got its name due to the snow-white fruits, which are located on the branches in the form of grapes. Even when the plant drops all the foliage, these berries persist for a long time, sometimes even until spring. The shrub itself is excellent for the formation of hedges, grows up to one and a half / two meters in height. Often, it does not need special adjustment, as the branches themselves tend to the ground under the weight of clusters. If you regularly cut the plant, then it most likely will not bear fruit. The shrub is unpretentious, frost-resistant, blooms in the middle of summer with subtle little flowers-bells of white-green or pinkish shade. Berries are poisonous for humans, but for birds they are quite edible.
For a hedge it is best to choose from leafy, easy-to-shape plants. Such a "fence" should be tight, without the so-called spaces. Depending on your preferences, you can choose a flowering or evergreen, coniferous variant.
Fruit bushes, such as Schmidt Currant, Felt Cherry or Gooseberry, are not only suitable for creating green hedges, but also reward you with edible fruits.
When choosing a shrub, consider its features, resistance to cold, and soil requirements. It is possible that in order to maintain an attractive appearance, some representatives will need periodic feeding, fertilization. No matter how unpretentious the variety of your choice seems, maintaining a decent view of a green hedge will require you time and effort. Ennoble, cut, keep in shape will have any shrub. Poor soil should be fed with fertilizers at least once a year, and fertile soils once every 4 years.
The aforementioned flowering shrubs, such as spirea, jasmine, lilac, dog rose, can also be used to create a hedge. They can be combined with each other, planted alternately. Different varieties of barberries, planted one after another (grade after grade) will create an incredible effect. Cypress bushes (dwarf varieties) are also ideal for the formation of green "fences".
Berry Yew, which does not exceed 60 cm in height, grows in rounded bushes - it is also great for this purpose.
It all depends on your imagination and the availability of free time. Always keep in mind that tall shrubs require more space between the placement of seedlings. Do not forget about the climatic features of your region when choosing a decorative shrub.
Tips for picking and planting shrubs
Ornamental shrubs are most often planted either in the fall, until the frosts hit, or in early spring, when the buds on the trees just begin to awaken, and the snow has already melted. Moreover, the holes for spring planting should be prepared as early as autumn - make appropriate fertilizers, calculate the depth and width of the recess for a certain type of shrub. Get seedlings in safe places - special nurseries or flower shops. Before embedding into the ground, the plant can be held for several hours in water, to which a growth stimulator has been previously added.
In addition to the agrotechnical features of a single species, a simple formula should be remembered:
- Low and dwarf representatives are buried in the soil at a distance of about 60-80 cm from each other.
- The plants are medium in size - about one and a half meters from one another.
- Tall specimens that need space for development - at least 2 meters apart.
The ornamental shrubs for the dacha presented in this article, the photos and the names of which will help you make the right choice, are the most popular and adapted for our regions. Choose green residents to your taste and color, let your summer cottage become even more attractive and, to some extent, unique.
Site selection and landing rules
Virtually all varieties of ornamental fir trees belong to the category of unpretentious plants, but in order to obtain a complete composition and preserve the health of the conifer, it is necessary to choose the site for landing:
- When determining the place for planting a Christmas tree, it must be remembered that the peculiarities of the root system make the plant unstable to gusts of strong wind. This feature is due to the ability of the gradual withering away of the taproot and the retention of the plant in the soil with the help of surface roots,
- preference should be given to well-lit areas, which is especially important when planting plants with colorful needles. When growing such a conifer in strong shading, the decorative coloring of not only needles, but also of cones, is quickly lost. Among other things, in this case the annual increase may decrease.
- A considerable part of Christmas trees prefers areas with acidic or slightly acidic soils for active growth. Best suited loam or sandy soil, having good air exchange and water permeability, as well as differing insignificant number of organic components. Soils with a high level of looseness and excessively heavy ground should be pre-improved by adding a sufficient amount of clay or sand.
Special attention should be paid to the size of the plant, since quite often the height of the tree becomes very significant with age, and an ordinary young, completely low coniferous culture turns into a real giant.
The rules for planting seedlings of conifers are as follows:
- It is possible to plant a conifer in the autumn period, beginning in the second half of September, and also in early spring, after sufficient thawing of the soil,
- seedlings from containers, with a closed root system, can be planted at almost any time of the year,
- when preparing the planting pit, it is necessary to take into account the size of the root system of the plant, and for planting young trees there is enough to prepare a hole with dimensions of 60x80 cm,
- the average distance between the pits may vary depending on the species characteristics of the crop, but for tall varieties it is necessary to adhere to a distance of 3.0–5.0 m, for medium growth, 3.0 m is sufficient, and dwarf and low-growing crops need to be planted with a distance of 0, 5-1.0 m,
- at the bottom of the landing pit you need to fill the drainage layer from the brick battle, over which forest or garden soil is poured with the addition of compost or humus,
- The root system of the hilt, installed in the pit, together with the earthy clod, should be carefully sprinkled with soil and rammed a little.
It must be remembered that the root neck of the plant should not be buried in the ground. It must be placed flush with the soil. На заключительном этапе посадки молодой хвойник фиксируется к опорным колышкам, после чего обильно поливается не слишком холодной водой. В момент посадки допускается внести подкормку в виде 100-150 г нитроаммофоски, что минимизирует необходимость внесения удобрений в последующие два-три года.
Варианты составления композиций
The most frequently eaten in the backyard landscape are used as a decorative frame for garden paths and paths, and also serve as an original decoration of the Alpine slides. Need to remember that dwarf conifers can be quite successfully combined with low-growing shrubs or flowering and decorative leafy perennials.
Ate with a green shade of needles, perfectly combined with bright flowering cultures. The ephedra are characterized by unpretentiousness to the soil, undemanding in care, and also very easily amenable to formative pruning, which allows you to create a unique form of hedge in the garden. Gray needles by professional designers are most often formed in the form of a square or a circle. Spruce allows you to create a feeling of proximity to the natural habitat of such a plant, perfect for soliternoy and group planting on lawns and shady areas of recreation.
Types and varieties of trees
It is well known a huge number of fir trees, which are perfectly adapted for growing in the conditions of home gardens, creating green and combined compositions, and designing park areas. The most popular is the variety “Cruenta” or “Kruenta”, as well as the variety “Nidiformis” or “Nidiformis” and the spherical “Merkii”.
Low coniferous plants in recent years are especially popular in our country and can be represented by the following varieties:
- up to one and a half meters "Slanbrassiana",
- with a round or broadly crown "Compact",
- powerful semi-dwarf "Barryi",
- unpretentious and winter-hardy “Nidiformis”,
- with uniform bow-shaped crown “Remontii”,
- with broadly uniform Сompressa crown,
- with uneven ovoid crown "Capitata"
- undersized "Рachyphylla".
Dwarf pillow spruce
The pillow spruce has a very unusual and compact appearance, which makes it possible to make attractive and harmonious compositions with exotic plants. Popular varieties and forms:
- dwarf with short needles "Bally",
- dwarf spherical "Dan’s Dwarf",
- with nest and Formanek crown pressed to the ground,
- flattened, pillow "Nana",
- flat creeping "Рseudoprostrata",
- pillow creeping "Pumila",
- creeping cushion "Tabuliformis",
- with a neat hemispherical "pillow" grade "Little Gemm."
Medium Christmas Trees
Plants of medium growth can be a good addition, as tall conifers, and dwarf or undersized spruce trees:
- "Wills Zwerg",
- "Aurea Magnifica",
In a separate group selected varieties that represented by forms with irregular growth processes and the formation of weeping branches:
Weeping Christmas tree is used in any unusual and original landscape solutions.
Description of common spruce
The main or typical type is represented by more than fifty garden forms. The low-growing forms derived on the basis of this species reach a height of 1.2 m, while medium-grown varieties can be three meters or more in height. Characteristic is a wide tint palette staining needles.
The first group of common spruce includes varieties with:
- columnar and bowling forms,
- few knocks
- hanging branches
- colored needles
- atypical form of cones,
- atypical shape of needles,
- atypical stem part.
The second group includes stunted, with a narrow pin-shaped or broad-pinned type, and also with a rounded crown or hanging branches of the plant. Dwarf forms of ephedra belong to the third group.
In addition to the common spruce, the prickly spruce, represented by seven dozen varieties and sizayeel, whose collection numbers more than two dozen decorative forms, is very popular with domestic gardeners. The characteristic name is due to the ash-gray color of the bark and a bluish tinge of needles. Dwarf varieties belonging to this species have a pronounced spherical and nested crown, and tall conifers have a cone-shaped crown. Needle color palette is wide enough.
More rarely in our country there is a coniferous tree Tien Shan which has a narrow crown. Homeland plants is China. The end of the branches is drooping. Domestic gardeners are most often grown decorative variety called "Globosa".
General rules for the care of conifers
When caring for conifers, it should be remembered that such plants are unpretentious and undemanding, but when growing them, it is better to underfeed with fertilizers than to overfeed. Along with other gymnosperms, Christmas trees prefer alkaline soils with a pH of 4.5-6.0, therefore, in order to prevent acidification, you need to use special deoxidizing agents, as well as carefully study the composition on the package with fertilizers. The soil does not have to be rich in trace elements, but The main care activities are as follows:
- without soil moisture, the culture can easily grow for several weeks, but any highly decorative varieties need to provide weekly irrigation measures at the rate of a bucket of water per square meter,
- when watering it is necessary to exclude the ingress of water on the aboveground part of the plant,
- in order to maintain sufficient moisture and prevent rotting of the root system, it is recommended to mulch the tree trunk with coniferous sawdust or bark,
- decorative varieties are recommended to feed once a season with standard complex formulations and growth stimulants,
- crown formation must be carried out necessarily, which is favorable for the appearance and preservation of health,
- in the spring and autumn, be sure to cut off all damaged, dried or diseased branches.
Almost all adult trees calmly tolerate winter frosts, but young plants and decorative hvoyniki should be sheltered with the onset of a severe cooling, as well as tying up branches in order to protect them from breaking under the weight of the snow mass.
How to plant spruce (video)
The Christmas tree on the plot is not only a modern and popular element of decor, but also a plant that significantly improves the composition of the air with the help of natural phytoncides. By choosing the right variety, and correctly planning the cultivation area, the landscape can be made elegant and original.
Spruce breveraThis unique look is a little known, information about it is presented not in all catalogs. In spite of this, spruce brevera Great for planting in the garden: the tree is easy to maintain, frost-resistant, without special requirements to the soil and moisture, looks great with young shoots.
This spruce has a weeping shape, long (3 cm) shiny green needles. It grows up to 10-15 meters in height. It grows slowly - 10-15 cm per year. The main branches are arranged vertically, with slightly curved ends.
Having learned what types of spruce are, rarely anyone will remain indifferent to the luxury and beauty of these conifers. We hope this article will help you find a beautiful woman who will delight you with her greatness all year round.