Rabbits of breed German rizen
Rabbits of the Riesen breed, also known as the German giant, are very popular among farmers. In fact, both names mean the same concept, as riesen translated from German sounds like a giant. Rabbits of the German Riesen breed were bred in Germany, by selective selection of animals of the breed Flandr, with the aim of achieving a high adaptability of individuals to local climatic conditions.
It should be noted that over time, rabbits of the Rizen breed became widespread not only in their homeland, but throughout the world. So for example, many Russian farmers are happy to breed this breed, paying tribute to the high live weight and fecundity that is characteristic of its members.
Rabbits of the German Riesen breed begin their history from the Belgian giants, which became widespread in Germany, in the nineteenth century. The Belgian Flandres, despite their considerable live weight, were subjected to selection and long culling in order to increase the amount of meat in one individual.
Rabbits of breed German rizen
German breeders have begun work on the creation of a rabbit of the Riesen breed, hoping to improve the performance of the Belgian flandre meatiness, and it should be noted that they have achieved very tangible results. Due to the work being done, the German Riesen rabbit got its own characteristics, and was isolated into an independent breed.
It should be noted that individual rabbits of the German Riesen breed sometimes reach a weight of fourteen kilograms, which is disproportionately higher than that of the original Belgian breed. Certainly, starting breeding rabbits of the Rizen breed, it does not make sense to expect that each individual will achieve such indicators. These are record rabbits, and the average adult rabbit of the German Riesen breed, reaches a weight of about seven kilograms.
Rabbits of breed German rizen
Rabbits of the Rizen breed have a long body, a large head, massive ears, and strong strong paws. German rabbit females are quite prolific, and they can bring from seven to twelve cubs per okol.
It should be noted that despite the fact that rabbits of the German Riesen breed are representatives of the meat-bull group, meat is the main purpose of breeding this breed. Although in some farms, rabbit skin is used for dressing, as it represents some demand in fur production.
Brief historical background
The first mentions of such rabbits are dated to the 16th century. It was then that some sources described unusual animals with a gray fur coat, whose weight exceeded six kilograms. They were brought to Germany only in the XIX century. Local scientists immediately became interested in non-standard rabbits and began to comprehensively study them.
As a result of several experiments, the Germans managed to get a separate line, the representatives of which were distinguished by an impressive mass. In 1937, the rabbit breeds rizen were officially separated from the flanders. Since then, Belgian eared animals have become the pride of the inhabitants of Germany. But despite this, world breeders are still engaged in heated debates about whether the German giants can be considered an independent species. Some scientists are inclined to believe that these are two separate lines with almost identical characteristics.
Rabbits of the Rizen breed have a large, proportional body with well-developed muscles and powerful legs. The length of an adult individual in some cases can reach 80 cm. The average weight of such animals ranges from 7 to 10 kilograms. Although in some farms you can find more massive specimens. On a large, neat, rounded head, there are thick and straight twenty-centimeter ears.
The whole body of such animals is covered with soft thick fur. The average length of wool rizenov is about five centimeters. As for the color, there are several options at once. The color of the fur of these animals varies from rich black to light gray. But most often you can see reddish or blue-gray rabbits of German Risen breed.
These animals are impressive in size. Therefore, for a normal existence, they need spacious cells. It is important that the animals can move freely within their homes. Otherwise, they will begin to develop obesity. The cages intended for the maintenance of rabbits of the Riesen breed can be installed not only in sheds, but also outdoors. In the latter case, they must be placed under special sheds, reliably protecting animals from the scorching sun and rain.
Another important condition for keeping these eared animals is cleanliness. In the room in which the rabbits live, there must always be order. Be sure to regularly clean the cells and change the litter. In addition, good ventilation should be provided in the shed, as these animals do not tolerate stifling stagnant air. At least twice a year, it is advisable to disinfect the room in which animals live. Otherwise, they start to hurt and die.
Rabbits of the Rizen breed, the price of which starts from 1000-1200 rubles per piece, are not too different from their fellows in all that relates to food. In summer, green and succulent feed should prevail in their diet. They will not refuse from such products as cereals, cabbage and carrots.
With the onset of cold weather in the rabbit menu, significant changes occur. In winter, the basis of the nutrition of these animals are hay and beets. To maintain immunity, eared animals must be given extra vitamin supplements. In addition, drinking water should always be clean and fresh water.
Cultivation of rabbits of breed rizen
Despite the fact that these animals are highly fertile, they mature very late for mating. For crossing it is necessary to select only the best manufacturers. The mating itself is recommended to move into the dwelling of the male. In this case, he will not have to spend extra time studying the new environment. During the day, an adult krol can fertilize four females. But after that he needs to be given a few days of rest.
A couple of days after a successful mating, the female is once again brought to the crawl. If she behaves aggressively and does not admit him to her, then the mating was successful. On the sixteenth day, the small, round balls, resembling beans, are clearly palpated in the abdomen of a pregnant rabbit.
During the first month of life, babies feed on mother's milk, but already from two weeks of age you can gradually add complementary foods to their menus. A sixty-day rabbit is already capable of eating the same as adult riesen.
Despite the excellent immunity, rabbits of the rizen breed are prone to certain diseases. Young animals often suffer from infectious stomatitis. This ailment is accompanied by the appearance of a characteristic plaque on the tongue, excessive salivation and ulceration of the mucous membranes. Sick animals refuse food and die within a week.
Another problem that experienced breeders repeatedly face is infectious rhinitis. This acute infectious disease is accompanied by sneezing, inflammation of the nasal mucosa and abundant purulent discharge. Often, against the background of this disease, serious complications develop, leading to the death of the animal.
Another deadly disease to which the population of domestic rabbits is exposed is pasteurellosis. It is accompanied by fever, rapid breathing, diarrhea, nasal discharge, complete withdrawal from food and boils. An infected animal dies within two or three days.
Also, rabbits are prone to myxomatosis, which carriers are considered to be fleas, ticks and mosquitoes. The most common symptoms of this disease include hoarse breathing, high fever, tumors, purulent discharge from the nose and eyes.
In order to avoid mass death of livestock, one should follow the elementary rules of hygiene and not neglect timely vaccination of domestic rabbits. With the adoption of adequate measures, almost all of these ailments are safely treatable.
Most experienced breeders professionally engaged in the cultivation of rabbits of the Riesen Gold breed, note that these animals are quite unpretentious to the conditions of detention. They give very tender, juicy and tasty meat, as well as high-quality beautiful skin.
At the same time, they grow relatively slowly and need quite spacious cells. In addition, these animals are clumsy and very voracious. Therefore, they are not very popular among domestic rabbit breeders.
Rabbits rizen description and standard
Today, the Rizen breed is the largest among all breeds of giant rabbits in the world.TOrollers of breed rizen different massive body structure, developed musculature. They have a wide chest, thick straight legs and a long torso. Rabbits look and move rather awkwardly. The distinctive parameter of animals is a large weight: the breed standard is from 6 to 10 kg, but some representatives grow to 14 kg. The length of the body is on average 70 - 75 cm, chest girth - 35 - 42 cm. In rabbits of the German Risen breed, there is a large head, large cheeks, thick, fleshy, wide, and straight ears with a length of 13 to 20 cm. All these dimensions are average: there may be parameters and much more.
The fur in rabbits is thick and dense, the hair is not long, reaching up to 4 cm. The color is varied: usual agouti (hare), yellow-gray, sandy, dark gray. Decorative black, white, blue and yellow versions were bred. Rabbit eyes are brown. Breed signs of rizenov persist for 4 generations.
How to choose good individuals Rizen
Representative of the breed Riesen
You need to buy rabbits for breeding in a breeding farm, where you can look at their parents and choose offspring from different breeding lines. On the tribe of rabbits choose from spring okrolov (February-April), at this time they receive the most complete nutrition. The best age to buy is 3-4 months. Since rizen late breed is the optimal age for the acquisition. It is necessary to bring manufacturers to a set only in 8 months, and breeding and that later - in 10. Adult rabbits should not be bought for divorce.
Rabbitbreed german riesenmust be healthy and look good. He should be well-fed, but not fat, have a straight back and straight legs. The eyes of a healthy animal are clear, clean, mobile, hair is flat, without blisters. It is necessary to examine the ears from the inside for the absence of sores and teeth, so that the bite is correct. The rabbit should have a wide basin. Healthy rabbits should have a good appetite.
Maintenance and care of the breed Rizen
The character of rizenov is soft and docile, therefore they are often kept as pets. Their owners claim that rabbits of the Rizen breed are very sociable, intelligent and are good and devoted friends. You should not start rizenov for small children. Because of their large size, they can injure a child. However, rabbits are quite demanding of conditions.
For breeding and maintenance of riesenam will need spacious and roomy cages. For one rabbit, a cage with dimensions of 100-110 by 70 cm may be suitable, for a female with a brood - 170x110 cm, half a meter high. But keep in mind that the need for movement in a rizen is the same as that of a little rabbit. Only he can jump 3 meters and more. Therefore, the area for the maintenance of a representative of the breed should be large. In one enclosure can contain several relatives. Riseny feel good and on the street under a canopy and in the aviary. However, for a cage or an open-air cage it is better to choose a place from the south or east side. If the cage is arranged from a grid, the bottom surface needs to be covered with plastic, wooden boards or a rubber mat - rabbits easily develop painful knees. The breed is perfectly adapted to the climate of the central Russian strip, has a good immunity, is resistant to various diseases, including respiratory, and tolerates frost well.
At the place of their residence is necessary to arrange a constant ventilation. From dirt, dust, high concentrations of ammonia, they can get sick. As a litter, you can use 2 layers: sawdust and hay, and you need to add fresh hay every day. Permanent care of the owner of rizenov will be hygiene: cleaning the cells, fresh water, regular replacement of the entire litter - these are mandatory conditions for the maintenance of rizenov. Each time a cage or an open-air cage is cleaned, disinfection and treatment of the walls and the floor, of all structures should be carried out.
Feed the rabbits in the cages need 2 times a day. Traditional green fodder, vegetables, grass, branches, and root vegetables go to feed. In the summer, fresh meadow grass should be present in the diet: the rabbit will get all the necessary vitamins from it. For the winter you need to stock up on hay and feed. (See more in detail: how to feed rabbits in winter) Experienced rabbit breeders prepare vegetable mashines, moist balanced mixtures of vegetables and grains, give brooms from branches. Be sure to in the diet should be fruit. You can add meat and bone meal, mineral and vitamin supplements to the mash. Medicines can be added to such a complex lunch, if there is a need for them. Healthy representatives of the breed eat with pleasure and a lot. Water should change in the drinker every day.
Rabbits rizen breeding
Breeding such large rabbits is not an easy task. They are practically not bred industrially, because they require large open-air cages and a lot of food. Large farms consider this unprofitable. However, small private farms may be engaged in their breeding.
Ordinary rabbits become sexually mature at 3-4 months. Rizenov also happen for the first time when reaching eight months. For breeding breeding choose the best producers from different nests. For breeding, the male with the female is left alone for 20 minutes. It is important to remove everything edible from the cage in advance so that the rabbits are not distracted. The presence of pregnancy can be checked after 15 days by palpation. It is necessary to palpate very carefully, so as not to cause a miscarriage.
A pregnant expectant mother is transplanted into a separate, more spacious cage. When the rabbit starts to create a nest, raking hay into it and tearing down fluff from it, you need to install a box with sides of 3-4 cm in this place, and carefully transfer the nest to it. At the same time, on the one hand, there should be a convenient entrance for the mother. Childbirth almost always takes place naturally, without human intervention. If there is a need for human participation, it is imperative to take care of discouraging the human odor. One day after hatching, the female is ready to mate again. However, the best period between coatings should be considered 25-30 days.
Rabbit giant, breed Rizen
Risen females are exemplary mothers and practically never have problems with them. The breed is quite prolific. Rabbits give birth to 8-12 rabbits and carefully care for them. For successful feeding, the mother should eat well, the brood should be in clean conditions and in a relaxed atmosphere. Independently eat rizeny also begin a week later than usual rabbits. Feed them need a lot and without limits. To speed up growth, you can feed the rabbits with crushed boiled potatoes, which are filled with bran. At such a feed, rabbits quickly gain muscle mass, and in nursing rabbits, the amount of milk increases. Giants are a late-maturing breed, their babies do not grow fat after the 4th month, but grow to 8-12 months, gaining weight.
Rabbits can be grafted from one and a half months, in the early spring subcutaneously and intramuscularly. Only healthy pets can be vaccinated, with no signs of disease. The first vaccination is VGBK, after a fortnight the rabbit is vaccinated against myxomatosis. After 2 weeks, the vaccine against UGBC is repeated, and after a fortnight - again from myxomatosis. Then the offspring are vaccinated 1 time in half a year with the associated vaccine UHBB + myxomatosis.
Watch the video on the evaluation of the rabbit Risen breed
The standard is also allowed red color, which on the Russian-language sites can be called "gold", using tracing paper from English. When searching for rizenov by ad, it must be borne in mind that the exotic "gold" is just a red rabbit and its productive characteristics are no different from other rabbits of this breed with wool of a different color.
The calm and docile disposition of German rizenov allows you to keep them as pets.
Risenov eat the same feed as other breeds of rabbits, but it must be borne in mind that all the feeding rates in the tables are based on rabbits weighing 4-5 kg. For rizen, the rate of feed increases in proportion to its weight.
Ideally, it would be rational to use factory-complete rabbit feeds for rizens, since these foods are balanced in vitamins and minerals, plus they do not cause bloating, which can be obtained by feeding juicy feeds to the rabbits. The minus of these feeds is that few produce them in Russia, except for imported feed for ornamental rabbits in pet stores.
Therefore, when breeding rabbits for meat, it is necessary either to feed the animals themselves or to feed them with grain. In addition to hay and grain feed, rabbits can be fed succulent feed. But precisely juicy feed and cause problems with digestion in rabbits, so feed them carefully.
When self-drafting diet is difficult to balance it in vitamins and minerals. But you need to know that most of the vitamins are produced in the intestines of the rabbit by the bacteria living there, therefore, in the absence of dysbacteriosis, the rabbit almost does not need vitamins.
The table lists those vitamins that are produced in the intestines of the rabbit.
In the case of dysbacteriosis, for example, with a course of antibiotics, these vitamins must be added artificially and the microflora in the rabbit's intestine is restored as quickly as possible.
While being necessary, three vitamins are not produced: A, D, E.
Vitamin A is responsible for the regulation of the reproductive and nervous systems, as well as physical development. Able to accumulate in the liver. Hypervitaminosis is similar in symptoms to signs of poisoning. Contrary to the opinion that most of all vitamin A in vegetables is red, fresh nettle contains more of it than carrots.
Vitamin E is necessary for the development of muscle mass, the reproductive system and the normal functioning of the CAS.
Vitamin D prevents the development of rickets and promotes proper bone development. But we must remember that vitamin D hypervitaminosis causes calcium deposits on the walls of blood vessels.
Even with an increase in the diet, the proportions of feed for rabbits remain the same as for other breeds. In winter, hay at least 15%. You can give hay to 25%. Concentrates from 40 to 60%. Succulent feed from 20 to 35%. In summer, hay is often harvested, leaving grass, which is usually referred to as succulent or green fodder. In this case, herbs give from 35 to 60% and concentrates from 40 to 65%. The maximum values of the concentrates are usually given to fattening rabbits.
How to choose a breeding rabbit
To grow a tribe you need to buy young animals from spring litters. Rabbits, born in the spring, had the opportunity to receive a maximum of vitamins and nutrients. Although some believe that winter litters are stronger and better suited for breeding, although the animals from these litters grow smaller than their spring and summer brethren.
It is best to take a 4-month baby rabbits in a breeding farm with a good reputation.
When choosing a rabbit you need to look at his behavior and appearance. Although, according to the description of the breed, rizeny are very calm animals, nevertheless, too immobile rabbit should be alerted. If at the same time the animal tries to hide under the wall or hide in a corner, it is better, in general, not to take rabbits from this litter.
When viewed from the outside, the bunny should be “smooth,” in the sense that no bones should stick out under the skin. If the owner claims that the animal is thin because it is growing, it is better to buy breeding stock in another farm. But too fat rabbit also should not be.
Wool in a healthy animal evenly lying on the body and usually causes the desire to stroke. Dishevel indicates health problems. Eyes should be clear and shiny, no nasal discharge.
If there is stuck wool on the paws, then the rabbit was cleaning the paws of the eyes or nose. Such an animal should not be bought.
Smooth broad back and smooth powerful paws indicate the absence of rickets. Rabbits also have to have a wide croup.
It is also worth a look into the mouth. Bunny with the wrong bite is better not to buy. This animal will soon begin problems with the teeth and, as a result, with eating and assimilation of food.
The history of the breed
The first mentions of rabbits of the Rizen breed date back to the sixteenth century. These mentions are associated with Flanders, in which unusually tall rabbits with a characteristic gray color and thick fur coat were mentioned. At that time, the average weight of the individuals already seemed significant, and reached six kilograms. At home, these rabbits were called the Belgian giants.
Despite the fact that Rizena gained fame in Germany, Belgium is considered their homeland
Three centuries later, the representatives of the breed came to Germany, where they also received special attention - the breeders separately engaged in giants, focusing on their size and weight. Officially, the breed was registered in the 37th year of the last century. Since then, there has been a gradual change in the current breed standards. In particular, the weight of animals is gradually growing, and now it is considered normal to reach 10 kilograms in mature rabbits.
Flandre and Rizena are very similar in shade of wool and body structure
By the way! There is still no single view on the status of the breed Rizen. Someone argues that the rabbit giants can be considered a sovereign species, someone relates them to the subspecies of a large flandre. Despite superficial differences, these breeds have much in common and the question of affiliation is more formal.
Rabbits of the Rizen breed are the real champions - in the weight category with them all other breeds can hardly be compared. The giant rabbits achieve impressive size thanks to their elongated body and well-developed muscles. Based on these two strengths of Rizens, they are grown primarily to produce rabbit meat.
The main distinctive criterion Rizenov - their impressive dimensions and long ears
Table 1. Rabbits of the Rizen breed: exterior
Due to the clumsiness of the representatives of the breed, they are not advised to be kept in tight spaces.
The proportionality and physical fit of the bodies of the rabbit giants did not save them from the clumsiness seen by many breeders. Therefore, when acquiring Risenov, it is advisable to dwell on larger cells in order to avoid confusion arising from the clumsiness of animals. Pregnant females need the most space - their cages should be twice the size of cages for normal rabbits.
Before the appearance of representatives of the breed, whose color was different from the natural dark gray, the Risenov rabbits were very reluctantly used to make fur products. The main emphasis was placed on the production of meat. However, after the appearance of alternative colors, the interest of breeders to the furs of these animals has increased markedly. In addition, the skins of larger individuals are traditionally valued more highly than the skins of miniature rabbits.
With proper feeding of Rizens, one can get excellent quality dietary meat
Contrary to the general disinterest of breeders in the nature of the animals preparing for slaughter, many owners considered excellent companions in Riseny. Thanks to their developed intellect, these animals are able to interact with man and find a common language with him. Largely for this reason, some people start giant rabbits in the absence of an installation for the sale of meat. They are driven by a simple desire to find a responsive pet.
Some Rizens live in people's homes as full pets, pleasing their owners.
Content rabbits Rizenov
Giant rabbits have historically been grown in greenhouse conditions, and therefore little ready for a meeting with the Russian climate. Therefore, if you do not want the cold to become a real shock for Rizen’s fragile organism, acquire insulated cells. Another compromise way out is to install cells in a temperature-controlled room.
Riseny get along well with their relatives with captive content
The requirements for cells for Risenov are not so strict and include the following points:
- The ideal cage area for rabbit giants is one and a half times the size of classic rabbit cages. The height of such a cell must be at least 60 centimeters, and in length and wide for a Rizenov house must be one meter. You can determine the tightness or spaciousness of the cage by observing the movements of the animal in it,
Cages for rabbits can be both purchased at pet stores, and do it yourself
In order to avoid the appearance of corns, it is desirable to use hay as a litter.
Sawdust absorbs moisture well and does not cause allergies in animals
The litter used must be changed daily to prevent the spread of infections.
Making the mother liquor for the rabbit
Special attention is given to the cage in which the young rabbits are to grow young. In the postpartum period, especially if the birth was the first for the animal, the female may begin to experience aggression towards the newborn. The breeder’s task is to minimize the negative emotions of the rabbit through optimal organization of the space in which she will be in the most difficult periods.
Mothercage for rabbits will protect offspring in the first weeks after birth
Considering the fact that under natural conditions, rabbits are born underground, hidden from prying eyes, the artificial environment should correspond to these conditions as much as possible. The best way out of such a difficult situation is to create a mother liquor, which will allow to hide the baby rabbits, however, to maintain control over them.
The mother liquor is a wooden rectangle with a round hole that acts as a rabbit hole. This mother queen protects the rabbits from bright sunlight and creates optimal conditions for the gradual acquisition of vision.
The opening for the passage of the mother should not allow the rabbit to fall out of the queen cell
In spite of the fact that basic queenheads are not suitable for rabbits of Rizens, the length and width of which are designed for pups of ordinary breeds, beware of buying large queen cells. If the female accepts this queen cell for continuation of the cage, she will begin to defecate in it, which will undermine the health of the newborn.
For more information about rabbit queen cells you can read on our portal. In the meantime, we will provide a list of general tips on how to design such a space.
The diet of rabbit giants is no different from the diet of all other rabbits. It includes all the same dry, juicy and coarse feed, concentrates, food waste, etc. The only difficulty is only in the correct calculation of the portions, since most of the tables indicate the product dose absorbed by the five-kilogram rabbit. One of these tables is given below.
Danger of obesity
Rabbits of the Rizen breed are predisposed to rapid weight gain, which should be considered when fattening. Unhealthy weight gain can lead to several consequences:
- The fattened males lose the ability to fertilize females,
- Overweight females bring fewer calves and are at risk of not coping with the load on the body during childbirth.
Obesity not only adversely affects the reproduction of rabbits, but also damages their health.
Proper preparation of the diet
When creating a food scheme, the breeder must take into account three conditions:
- Gender of the animal,
- His age
- The physiological condition in which the animal is at the moment.
Feeding of females will inevitably differ from fattening males due to possible pregnancies and lactations in rabbits, during which the diet should consist of the most nutritious and healthy products. The diets of females and males are different at rest moments and in preparation for mating.
The diet of rabbits is based on their physical condition and is developed individually.
Types of feeding
In general, rabbit feeding is divided into two types:
- Dry - this type of feeding implies an emphasis on ready-made combined feeds, which are selected in accordance with the conditions described above. Often in such feed already included vitamin supplements, which are necessary for the rabbit in one or another period of his life. By the way, dry factory feed is the best option for Rizen, but in Russia it is extremely difficult to find,
Russian brands are practically not engaged in the production of dry feed for rabbits Rizenov
By the way! Despite the usefulness of succulent feeds, they most often cause difficulties with the digestion in rabbits, causing them to indigestion or bloating. Hay and cereal feeds are more gentle for the digestive tract and form the basis of the diet.
Far from all succulent feeds are intended for the stomachs to digest rabbits.
Feeding in different seasons
In addition to the age and condition of the body of rabbits, the diet inevitably changes depending on the time of year. So, during the warmer months, breeders focus on green fodder, giving the rabbits the necessary supply of vitamins and other beneficial substances, which should be enough until next summer. The summer rabbit feeding scheme includes:
- Herbs: rabbits eagerly eat dandelions, ivan-tea, clover, wormwood, etc.,
- Branches: these can be branches of both shrubs and trees. Suitable options include apple, elm, alder, currant bushes and raspberries,
Rabbits are allowed to give not only apple branches, but also apples themselves in limited quantities.
In cold times, preference should be given to high-calorie foods and mixtures served in the form of heat. Perfectly fit mash with the addition of boiled vegetables and cereals. Water is also served whenever possible warm (but not hot) and changes daily.
A comprehensive initial understanding of the rate of feeding rabbits, depending on the season, is given in the table below.
The diet of rabbits, depending on the season
When self-drafting the diet of rabbits to take into account all the vitamins can be very difficult. Fortunately, Rizena have a stable immunity and do not need additional "injections" of useful substances. Normally, the bacteria that contain these rabbits in the intestines produce the necessary amount of vitamins. Failure occurs only with dysbacteriosis, the prevention of which is entirely in the hands of the breeder.
Vitamin supplements should be used only after consulting a veterinarian.
In order to reduce the rabbit and the rabbit, you must leave them alone in one cage, after removing all food from it. Otherwise, animals can distract from the expected actions from them and move on to eating food. Instincts will take care of the rest. Usually rabbits quickly begin to implement their "duties" and after half an hour mating is completed.
In order for the rabbits to start mating, all distracting objects must be removed from the cage.
The owner of the animal himself can also diagnose this pregnancy by palpation. The fruits will be palpable in the rabbit's stomach at the end of the second week.
In early pregnancy, the rabbit is desirable to move into a separate cage of large size (one and a half times more than usual). The animal must have time to get used to the cage and take it in order to proceed with the arrangement.
Fertilized females should be moved to larger cells equipped with mother liquor.
Closer to childbirth rabbit will create a nest for newborns. To determine the beginning of nesting can be quite simple - the animal will begin to put all that is under the paws in one big pile. One of the materials for warming the nest is the mother’s fur, which she selflessly pulls from her breast.
Of course, the rabbit should receive a greater amount of food during pregnancy, but it is not recommended to overdo it. As soon as you see that the animal ignores the uneaten residues, reduce the portions.
When it comes to nesting, it's time to take care of the queenie, to which the rabbit, again, to get used to. Note that the holes in it should be large enough to allow the female to pass without difficulty, and narrow enough to prevent curious babies from falling out. To protect the cubs will help bumpers of not less than four centimeters.
After the appearance of young calves, the cage with the mother liquor should be made several times more often. Newborns are particularly sensitive to ammonia infestation, dust, and vapors.
The first weeks after birth, calves are not worried about feeding them, as a rule. If the female was not painful and properly fed during pregnancy, she would provide the newborns with the necessary nutrition. Moreover, the little rabbits of this breed show special care and do not seek to give up their little rabbits early, sometimes even keeping them near themselves longer than they should.
In rare cases, rabbits may experience difficulties with lactation, which leads to the depletion of the young
Несмотря на то, что на период вскармливания крольчата предоставлены матери, контролировать их состояние не будет лишним. Помочь в этом могут следующие советы:
- Чтобы обезопасить крольчат от голодания, не отвлекайте крольчиху и не давайте ей лишних поводов для беспокойства. For the period of lactation, the contact of the animal with people should be minimal,
- The fattened rabbit can be recognized by the shape of his belly. On palpation, it should be elastic and stretched. The presence of folds is undesirable
- If there are clear signs of exhaustion, you should take the preparation of the nutrient mixture in your hands.
Otpaivanie rabbits artificial mixtures will help them to fill the lack of mother's milk
If you do not want the rabbit to suddenly abandon her young, do not actively interact with them until the end of feeding. Body contact may result in undesirable human odor emanating from the young. The little rabbit will accept this “fragrance” as alien and will cease to perceive its rabbits.
To prepare the mixture you will need:
- Skimmed milk powder (about 50%),
- Whey protein (about 30%),
- Sunflower and coconut oil (in proportions of three to one),
- Multivitamin mixtures and mineral supplements,
Rabbits get a mixture using special syringes, neatly injecting the composition
All ingredients are mixed and heated to 38 degrees before the moment of submission. The most acceptable way of feeding baby rabbits is feeding through a syringe or pipette. The mixture is given to the cubs twice a day.
Transfer to "adult" food
After two months, the lactation of the females comes to an end and the stocks of milk decrease dramatically. At this point, the rabbits should be ready for the transition to hard feed. Since the transfer should be carried out gradually, it is advisable to acquaint them with liquid masses before separation from the mother. It is best to carry out this transition in spring or summer and in accordance with this task plan pregnancy.
The transition to adult food should be carried out in warm seasons.
First of all, the most viable individuals are taken from the rabbit, and transferring them to regular food will not cause strong shocks to the body. Over time, their weaker brothers and sisters join strong calves.
The most significant weight gains occur in the first year of life, because it is especially important to take care of the nutritional value of feed for young animals.
The first vaccination of baby rabbits is timed to weaning nipples, which has its rational roots. The first vaccine in the life of the young is milk, through which the rabbit gives the young the necessary set of nutrients that help them survive during the feeding period. The only problem is that this protection is valid only for a month after weaning. Further, the health of the rabbit goes under the responsibility of the breeder.
The list of diseases against which vaccination is carried out, depends on a specific region
Rabbits who are on artificial feeding are at risk, since even the best formulas of the mixtures cannot replace mother's milk. The health of these young must be monitored very carefully.
The first vaccinations are made between one and two months, when rabbits become susceptible to environmental factors and can easily become infected. Among the most popular and effective vaccinations are the following:
- Comprehensive vaccination from VKBK. This vaccine prevents the formation of hemorrhages in the lungs and liver, dangerous hemorrhages. The rabbit can easily pick up this disease when it comes into contact with contaminated bedding with stagnant feces or through insects. The virus is dangerous with a sharp jump in temperature of up to forty degrees, which young organisms cope poorly with. Thanks to the vaccination you can save the little rabbit from death. The first vaccination is done at the age of one and a half months. Two re-entered in the next two weeks. As a preventive measure, vaccination takes place every six months,
When buying a drug, it is important to keep it in proper conditions so as not to spoil the substance.
Distribution of characteristic cones over the body of a rabbit occurs during prolonged absence of treatment.
In addition to the two pathologies listed, rabbits can become infected with other diseases. They exist a great many, because to protect themselves from all ills, unfortunately, it is not possible. In order to develop the vaccination scheme as competently as possible, it is necessary to take into account the particular localities and outbreaks that occur within it.
Vaccinations require constant updating, otherwise their effectiveness will be low
In addition to myxomatosis and hemorrhagic diseases, the following infectious diseases are quite common:
- Coccidiosis - catching this disease is very simple - a rather uncleaned cell and an unfavorable set of circumstances. The parasites coccides can remain in the feces of infected animals for up to four months and if the breeder fails to comply with hygienic prescriptions, they can quickly capture a whole brood of rabbits, destroying the intestines and livers of animals,
Intestinal coccidosis is the most dangerous form of the disease and is accompanied by acute diarrhea.
Initial symptoms of pasteurellosis
The main danger of stomatitis is the painful chewing of food by the rabbit and the possible rejection of it.
Rhinitis can be caused by drafts or poorly ventilated rooms.
If desired, you can be vaccinated against all of the above diseases, but it is advised to do so if there is a risk of infection with one of the ailments. In other circumstances, complex vaccinations will be quite enough for the rabbit to successfully overcome the weaning of the mother and the development of his own immunity.
Among complex vaccinations, they distinguish between two-, three-valent, etc., which allow one to develop immunity to several diseases at once using one vaccination. These vaccinations are actively used in rabbits.
It should be clearly understood that successful vaccination consists of several factors:
- High-quality drug
- Observance of vaccine storage conditions,
- Healthy rabbit, ready for the procedure.
Rabbits should feel great before vaccination and not suffer from ailments.
Since vaccination involves the introduction of bacteria into an animal (albeit weakened), at the time of vaccination the rabbit must be ready for the upcoming "fight." Any vulnerable side of health will mark itself after vaccination, because it is important to deal with them as far as possible before vaccination.
Among the requirements for rabbits before vaccinations are the following:
- Only those rabbits that have been dewormed are allowed to be vaccinated. Getting rid of worms produced two weeks before vaccination. Germs are prescribed to the rabbit, which they take clearly according to the instructions,
Clearing the body of the rabbit from worms will help to transfer vaccination easier.
Vaccinated females and males produce healthier and stronger offspring
In addition to standard revaccinations, which are made every six months, there are special rules for rabbits involved in the creation of offspring. Two weeks before mating, it is mandatory for the female and the male to be vaccinated so that in the event of illness of one of the parents, she would not be passed on to the rabbit. The disease of a pregnant female threatens with a complication of childbirth or death, which is highly undesirable for breeders. In addition, a disease that is present in a latent form, can be transmitted to the rabbit with milk and lead to their death.
Since the representatives of the breed are quite exotic for the Russian conditions and are not so often met, it is not advisable to take the young from the hands. It is advisable to find a breeding farm, the owner of which will be able to acquaint you with the pedigree of the rabbit and show his parents.
When you buy a rabbit Risen from the breeder, you can consult with him on emerging issues.
In addition to pedigree, a breeder can learn information about the intricacies of keeping pets, which can hardly be read online or in books. It is the practical experience that is most invaluable, and it is passed from hand to hand during a personal acquaintance. Moreover, usually lovers of their business remain in touch with each other after the conclusion of the transaction. If you have questions about the behavior of rabbits, then you can report them to the breeder and discuss your doubts.
It is advisable to purchase a rabbit that has already been vaccinated and is able to cope with the move to its new home. The ideal age for acquiring an animal is four to five months. Younger individuals, as a rule, are not yet ready to meet with the new owner, and changing the situation can be a real shock for them.
The optimal age for purchasing a Risen rabbit is five months.