General information

Choosing beautiful annual flowers for the garden

Flowers that are 35–80 cm tall are considered medium. In contrast to the short-growing, which look great even in a single planting, these flowers are most often planted in the mix.

Verbenaor rather its various hybrids are very popular. It should be planted in sunny areas, with rich soil, in which case the plant will bloom profusely all summer and autumn, until the air temperature drops below -3 degrees.

Did you know? The Celtic priests made “drink of love” from verbena, they believed that it helps to overcome anger, improve mood and drive away bad thoughts. It is noteworthy that to this day verbena is used in aromatherapy to lift the mood and as a sedative.

Godetia - a beautiful plant with bell-shaped inflorescences, has a light aroma. Very capricious, loves bright sunny areas, but does not tolerate drought. Rainy weather is also destructive for the plant.

Antirrinum, or snapdragon, reaches a height of 15 to 100 cm, so it can be attributed to all three groups of annuals - low, medium and high. More than 300 varieties of this plant are known with a wide variety of colors. Antirrinum is an unpretentious plant, the only thing that needs to be constantly monitored is moisture, it does not tolerate drought.

Sweet Tobacco - a fairly common plant, without which it is difficult to imagine a dacha flowerbed. Very light-loving flower, but it is recommended to plant it in open areas. For landing the ideal place protected from the wind in partial shade.

Important! Tobacco is a heat-loving plant, so experienced gardeners recommend not sowing it in the ground, but preparing seedlings.

Cosmea - An herb from the Astrav family that looks very much like multi-colored daisies. It is not demanding at all to the composition of the soil and the place of planting. Caring for her is not difficult. At the same time the flower is very decorative and will delight in flowering until autumn.

What flower beds are better to do from annual flowers

It is thanks to annuals on the site you can create a truly luxurious landscape. Most often from them form beds, modular flower beds and mixborders.

The main advantage of flowering annuals is the ability to go through the entire vegetation cycle in just one season, delighting the eye with rapid development and lush flowering throughout the summer.

Flowerbeds are plant compositions that have a certain form and clear boundaries. In general, flowerbeds are given traditional round, square and rhombic shapes.

Ornamental arrangement of flower beds provides for the arrangement of the elements of the composition in one plane. The main advantage of such flower beds is their mobility: containers can always be rearranged to more lighted areas, decorating empty places on the recreation area, or, on the contrary, decorate quiet corners in the garden.

Modular flower beds are pictorial vegetable compositions, the design of which uses various containers

The special feature of mixborders is the selection and arrangement of plants so that as a result, multi-level compositions are formed, in which other plants bloom to replace the flowering plants.

What to look for when selecting plants?

When planning to complement a perennial flower garden with several plant varieties for one season, or wanting to create a flower bed entirely of annuals, you need to take into account a number of factors:

  • The flowering period. All annual garden flowers are famous for their long flowering, but still some of them ripen earlier and others later. Among the spring can be distinguished: pelargonium, begonia, petunia. Already from the beginning of June zinnia, marigolds, marigolds and cornflowers will appear. Until late autumn, aster, laureate, snapdragon and calendula will act as the decoration of the flower bed.
  • Planting site. With the arrangement of the front garden, low and colorful marigolds, nasturtiums and cornflowers are perfect. A spectacular decoration of the fence or arbor walls can be: decorative sweet peas, ipomoea or curly beans. Geranium, begonia, petunia are well suited for planting in containers.
  • Palette. By choosing beautiful flowers for the garden, each gardener gets an excellent opportunity to paint his plot in his favorite colors.

Annuals are sun-loving plants. In all their glory, they appear only on a rich, fairly moist area, well illuminated by sunlight.

Bringing bright yellow colors to a blooming green garden can be done by planting coreopsis, calceolaria, sunflower and snapdragons.

You can dilute the composition with blue tones by dropping Russell's eustoma, iberis brahikomu, cornflowers or bindweed

Bright strokes of red are easy to add with the help of beauty salvia, “lights” of balsam or terry “pompons” of a stock rose

Flowering undersized annuals

Low-growing plants, the height of which does not exceed 30 cm, against the background of the taller "brothers" always look extraordinarily elegant. Often they are planted as ground covers, which successfully fill the “gaps” between the trimmed ornamental shrubs and rose bushes.

How to choose ornamental shrubs for garden arrangement, you can learn more from the material: https://diz-cafe.com/ozelenenie/dekorativnye-kustarniki-dlya-sada.html

The lowest unpretentious annuals blooming all summer are iberis, forming snow-white “clouds” of inflorescences, pale blue nemophila, night violet with its unique aroma and an unusually elegant dwarf viol

Lush “cushions” of the ageratum will be a striking decoration of rock aquarium or rock garden. A short-growing plant forms dense flowering rugs of various shades, starting with soft white, and finishing with blue and even rich lilac.

Like the sunbeams sparkling with golden tints, compact bushes of marigolds with miniature flowers decorate the site from the first days of summer to late autumn.

Planting marigolds on seedlings allows you to create beautiful compositions in the garden at the beginning of summer, read about it: https://diz-cafe.com/ozelenenie/posadka-barhattsev-na-rassadu.html

Cute tiny daisy heads, framed by soft green foliage or flowers of dwarf phytophon variety, will be decorated with borders along the garden path

Among the low flowering and at the same time picky annuals can be distinguished and compact varieties of Cellozia silver, phlox, gadfly, forget-me-nots, lobelia.

Medium-grown varieties of annual plants

Flowers up to 80 cm in height are not only good for creating mixborders and flowerbeds, they often form the basis of rabatok, parterre and other mixed flowerbeds. Therefore, choosing plants for mixed compositions, it is important to choose such varieties that will be harmoniously combined with other plantations in shape and color.

The range of medium-sized varieties is quite extensive, which allows you to create the most incredible compositions that will become a real "highlight" of the site.

The flowerbeds can be decorated with spherical inflorescences of verbena, bizarre shaped flowers of antirrhinum, scarlet poppy “caps”, or strange lilac spikelets of salvia

Among the medium-sized "fellow", popular with gardeners due to the extraordinary beauty and ease of care can be distinguished: dimorofoteku, kosmeyu, esholtion, mattiol

When creating sophisticated flower beds, annual plants fill in empty spaces after otchvevshih bulbous or free space between the conifers. Seeds can be sown directly in the ground to a permanent place, but for obtaining more early flowering is better to use seedling method.

It will also be useful material with planting schemes of annuals and perennials: https://diz-cafe.com/ozelenenie/sxemy-posadki-cvetnikov.html

Tall varieties

Tall handsome men, reaching a height of 1.5 meters, look spectacular in soliternaya performance, and in group landing.

The original addition to the mixborder will be dahlias, kohia, amaranth, tobacco, fragrant and decorative corn. Some varieties of such plants require a garter to support, which should be considered when choosing a place for planting a vending plant.

The center of any composition can be: arunkus with white paniculate inflorescences, or datur decorated with snow-white flowers that look like a bell

For single landings, which look most impressive against the background of a bright green lawn, delphinium, castor bean and annual terry varieties of mallow are better suited

Tall flowers fill the background in multi-level flower beds, they decorate the unsightly walls of buildings and use them as hedges.

How to grow a hedge in the country with their own hands, you can learn from the material: https://diz-cafe.com/ozelenenie/zhivaya-izgorod-svoimi-rukami.html

Among the vast family of annual plants, there are even fast-growing lianas that can cover the unsightly walls of outbuildings, fences and fences in just three or four months.

In areas where perennial vines are planted, which still do not give the desired effect, planting of sweet peas, foreign nasturtiums, ipomoea or decorative beans will be a great help.

Annuals are versatile plants for landscaping and decorating the site. Even after cutting their decorativeness do not lose the breeze, helihrizum, bristle, and gomfrena. Flower lovers use them to create winter bouquets.

Amaranth is drought resistant and can grow on almost any soil, but prefers light, with neutral or low acidity. Schiritsa, as this plant is also called, does not belong to moisture-loving species, but it requires regular watering. Propagated by edible seeds, which must be pre-sown on seedlings. Attention, an adult plant may be affected by weevils.

Annual flowers for giving

This flower is also called the night beauty. This name is given to him for the fact that his beautiful flowers bloom after sunset and the bush stands covered with bright flowers and smells sweet all evening and night.

Flowers, he has a different color ranging from white to pink, yellow and crimson. Due to the fact that his root system grows in the form of a tuber, it easily endures the dry season.

Mirabilis

Breeding

This wonderful flower can be propagated with the help of seeds or dividing a bush. Seeds for better germination are soaked in warm water for a day. Seeds are sown in two pieces in each cup filled with soil for seedlings. It is necessary to sow the seeds for thirty days before planting in open ground. At emergence of shoots in a pot leave only one most strong runaway. Repot it in a flower bed only when the threat of recurrent frosts is over.

Cuttings can be rooted in peat tablets, but it is still easier to grow it by seed propagation. Although if you save the tubers, such a bush will grow much faster and will be much larger than the grown and seed. At preservation of a tuber the shade of flowers remains Store tubers should be in a dry dark place with a temperature not lower than 5 degrees Celsius.

Care

Often these annual flowers are planted to give along the paths or in the center of the flowerbeds. Since they, with proper care, grow to a height of one meter and have the same diameter. Watering should be carried out at least once a week.

If you grow these bushes in tanks, then in two liter it will be small no more than 50 cm. In order for the bush to richly bloom, it requires planting on a sunny place. The soil for the flower should be fertile and without stagnant water.

There are several varieties of Mirabilis differing in the color gamut of buds.

These flowers grow depending on the variety from 15 to 80 cm. They are also called tagetes. This flower is very drought-resistant and therefore very common among fans of annual flowers. The color scheme pleases with all shades of yellow, white and there are varieties where the petals are colored even with stripes.

Marigold

Seed propagation

Gather seeds at the end of July and August. You can sow immediately in open ground, when the soil warms up sufficiently, depending on the region, these periods are shifted. Seeds should not be buried deep enough and 2 cm. Seedlings appear already on day 7. Buds begin to appear only two months after sowing the seeds. Therefore, several bushes need to grow through seedlings. Transplant marigold transported remarkably, and they can be transplanted at any age.

Seedling

Seedlings are sown in the pot in early March and after 10 days the seeds begin to germinate. After the appearance of two true sheets, they dive into separate cups, and then they grow at a temperature of 16 degrees Celsius. Planted on flowerbeds when it is warm enough. Between small varieties of growth leave 20 cm between the bushes at the landing, tall planted at a distance of 50 cm from each other.

Care

Caring for marigolds comes down to watering and weeding; in the first half of summer, they will respond well to full mineral fertilizers. When planting seedlings need to know that the flower prefers sunny places. He will live in the shadows too, but you can not wait for beautiful flowers.

When the flowering is gaining momentum, it will be necessary to cut off the drying flowers, this will stimulate more lush flowering.

There are many varieties of marigolds:

Snapdragon

It is actually a perennial plant, but in our latitudes it does not hibernate and therefore is grown as an annual plant. Plant it along the borders, in groups in the middle of a green lawn. Now brought out ampelous forms of lion's pharynx, which successfully grow in high vases.

Breeding

Seeds do not lose their germination for several years. It is necessary to sow the seedlings in the first decade of March in prepared containers with loose nutrient soil. Seeds are laid out on the surface and slightly sprinkled with coarse sand. Watering is done with a spray bottle, spraying warm water from a small spray gun. Then all this is covered with a transparent lid.

At a temperature of 24 degrees sprouts will appear in 15 days. After the appearance of the first shoots, the capacity is transferred to where direct sunlight does not fall in order to avoid seedling burns. After 4 days you can completely remove the glass.

The seedling at first grows slowly and, wetting it, it is necessary not to pour the plants. Those flowers that fell to them have nothing to help and they are removed with tweezers. When the first true leaf plates appear, the seedlings swoop into separate containers. Then they must grow in a warm and bright place. When 5 leaves appear, the central shoot is pinned to increase bushiness.

At the end of May it is planted on flowerbeds, the location of which must be sunny and without stagnant moisture.

Snapdragon

Care

This plant does not require special care. It only needs to be watered and loosened after watering. Removing weeds in time contributes to a healthier plant. If tall varieties are planted on the flowerbed, they will need a timely garter to the support.

The seeds of the lion's pharynx are harvested only in incomplete maturity and placed in a shady place for their ripening.

This fabulous flower grows about a meter tall in a bush and has green oval leaves and single flowers resembling bells. Flowers in length reach 20 cm. They bloom in yellow, white and blue.

Breeding

Seeds have poor germination and therefore they need a lot of moisture for germination. Before sowing, they are soaked for 10 days. And for growth they need a temperature of 30 degrees Celsius. Shoots from the ground appear very slowly and can sprout more than a month.

Datura

Care

This plant prefers sunny places and fertilized soil. He likes watering and if there is no rain, then he must be watered. At the slightest drying, it drops buds.

This flower will decorate any garden with its variety of colors and shapes of buds. But this flower in the shade will not grow. The height of the stem, it has from 20 cm to 100 cm. It all depends on the type of flower. Flower baskets are located at the top of the stem.

The tongue-shaped petals are arranged in several rows around the middle of the flower. It blooms from June and until it gets cold. Very resistant to heat. It is grown as a garden decoration, and it looks great in the cut.

Breeding

Propagated by sowing seeds on seedlings. First, they are tested for germination, and then soaked in any growth stimulator for a day. Even old seeds germinate within a week. Since this flower does not like picks, it should be planted immediately in peat cups.

Plant begin in March for the entire month. With excessive stretching of the seedlings, you can add soil to make the seedlings more stable. In the ground it is planted after return frosts.

Zinnia - the most common annual for garden and garden

Care

Demands timely watering and removal of weeds. But watering should not fall on the stems and plants. Zinnia does not need support because it has strong, straight stems. If the plants are planted not only for beauty, but also for cutting, then you should not pinch the stems.

These annual flowers grow up to a meter tall and have all the shades of pink, white and blue flowers. За счет того, что листья у него очень ажурные, напоминающие укроп цветок смотрится очень нежным и воздушным.

Breeding

Размножение космеи происходит с помощью семян. Семена высевают сразу в грунт как только сойдет снег. Глубоко закапывать их не надо хватит и одного сантиметра. It can also be sown in late autumn. Actually, if kosmeya got accustomed to the site, it safely multiplies further self-sowing.

Rassadny way to grow it is not rational. But if everything is necessary, then it is planted on seedlings in early spring.

Cosmea

Care

Care is not a big deal even for beginners. Once a week it is necessary to water and weed plentifully from weeds. You can feed the flower, but we must remember that the feeding must be done in moderation so as not to overfeed the plant. To prolong the flowering time, it is necessary to remove dried inflorescences.

This is a low plant with a variety of leaves and flowers like chamomile. The colors are different - red, yellow, orange flowers.

Breeding

Seedlings are planted in early May. Seeds are sown in loose soil in early March, slightly moistened the ground and covered with glass. After 2 weeks, the first shoots appear. And after another two weeks, they spend the first feeding, and dive the seedlings into separate pots. Since the roots of the gazania seedlings are gentle, it must be carefully transferred to a permanent place of residence in a flower bed. Secondary transplantation sprouts can not survive.

Gazania

Care

It is quite unpretentious to the composition of the soil and grows well on any. But it is good for any feedings in the form of mineral fertilizers.

Watering on time and removing the weeds can achieve lush blooming gazani. Since the plant has a taproot, it is more drought-resistant, but still when there is a strong break between the rains it will not give up good watering. In our climate, the flower does not winter.

This is a one-year shrub with rounded leaves and single flowers. Flowers have bright shades of red and yellow. It grows to a height of 30 cm. Abundant bloom lasts all summer until the most frost.

Nasturtium contains many useful substances and is used in traditional medicine. Also, it used to be used in cooking, adding to various dishes.

Annual flowers for giving - nasturtium

Breeding

Well propagated by seeds. They can be sown immediately in the ground in mid-May, and can be grown through seedlings. But before any planting it is necessary to fill the seeds with hot water for 30 minutes, and then soak for a day. Lay out three seeds in each hole (cup) and wait for seedlings,

They appear within 14 days. Seedlings transplanted into a flower garden with the help of transshipment, leaving a lump of earth.

Care

Prefers not greasy soils and sunny places, if you overfeed the plant with nitrogen fertilizer, it stops throwing out the buds and turns into a green bush without flowers. Until the flowering occurs, the seedlings require constant watering, but after the dissolution of the buds, watering is reduced. To extend flowering, you should regularly cut off dried inflorescences.

Annuals in my garden - my own experience

How I love summer. How am I waiting for him. How do you want to quickly into the garden, dig in the beds, bring beauty to the flower beds. This year she planted various annuals. At the end of the summer of last year, I collected all over the place where it was possible, the seeds of beautiful flowers, this year they sowed, not even expecting that such diversity would turn out on our beds.

I never bother with flower seedlings, I do not grow it myself, I just buy something on the market, my friends share the surplus, I sow something just in the ground.

Here are what annuals bloom today in our garden:

1. Phloxes annual

What are these gorgeous flowers. A friend shared a seedling with me, they have grown self-sown with her since last year. The shoots were small, 3-5 centimeters tall, so small that I thought they would hardly survive. For some time they just stood, frozen, and did not grow, but then they quickly went up. At the end of June, they bloomed, and now I am pleased with my variety of colors.

Phloxes annual

2. Annual dahlias

They also have a beautiful name: funny guys. I bought seedlings on the market, a kind woman “dumped” a whole heap for me for 50 rubles. The seedlings were strong, tall. They planted them in a long bed behind the marigolds. They blossomed, grew and begin to bloom. Flowers of different colors, terry, elegant. Exactly - fun guys! All summer we will admire their beauty.

Annual dahlias

3. Lenok

I love this plant. Such thin and delicate twigs with very bright small flowers of red and crimson color. For the night the flowers fold their petals. The plant begins to bloom in June and blooms all summer. We planted it with seeds, just sown in the ground in early May. The seeds quickly and amicably sprouted, the plants have grown and now, just as well, they are blooming.

4. Petunia

Although I do not really like petunias in the garden, but, nevertheless, this time I could not resist and planted. Seedlings bought, and another friend gave. The seedlings were small, but strong. She quickly gained strength and began to bloom.

Petunia - annuals to give

Petunia is, of course, a flower with a wide variety of colors. Flowers are both simple and terry, so many varieties of flowers appeared that now I think how we lived without petunias before. I like petunia more on city beds, on balconies, in hanging pots on the street. But even in the garden, it looks quite harmonious, it has only grown so much that it has “scored” nearby growing flowers.

These are the annual flowers now growing in our garden, they delight us with their flowering, uplifting not only us, but also passers-by. All of them do not require much care, just watering and a little fertilizing with organic matter. Please yourself and breed annuals in a garden if you don’t have them yet.