It seems that this is the easiest way, but this is not always the case. If the tree is low, erect or tilted towards the intended direction of the felling, and there are no wires or buildings nearby and the space allows it, then it does not take much time and physical effort to cut it.
However, if the tree is tall, powerful, has a slight slope in the direction different from the desired direction of the felling, has large heavy branches and (or) there are many of them, then sometimes it is difficult to determine where the center of mass of the tree is, and plus the large crown windage - where it will "go" with a gust of wind at the time of the cut. In such cases, if, again, allows space on the site, is used roll with a delay.
To do this, it is necessary to secure the rope on the trunk of the tree being cut, which is possible in two ways: the arborist must “shoot” the rope on the tree with a special slingshot, which is not always possible, or climb the tree himself to bind it at the required height to ensure a good lever. Often the ascent of an arborist to a tree is accompanied by a sawing of interfering branches. If the tree is small, then it is enough manual traction assistant arborist on a fixed rope. In other cases, a chain pulley is assembled (a system of blocks that increase traction) with blocking the rope back stroke, the rope is tensioned, a guide wedge is cut out, the assistant pulls the rope directly, or the chain pulley, and the arborist does the reverse drank at this time. In some cases it is easier, faster and more reliable to “disassemble” a tree with parts with a reset.
When a place where a tree grows is limited and there is nowhere to throw it entirely, but there is a free platform next to the tree, there is a need to cut the tree parts with their free reset. An arborist climbs a tree using gaffs (metal brackets with spikes, worn on the legs) and girths, cuts as all branches grow, throws them to the ground and thus reaches the top. Dumping in the right direction the top of the tree to be removed, the arborist begins to descend with the cutting of parts of the trunk.
It is quite another thing when there is no free space under the tree - there is a lawn at the bottom that cannot be damaged by falling branches and parts of the trunk, wires, buildings, a fence and the like.
In this case, it is necessary tree removal with a veil of branches and trunk parts on the rope.
This is one of the most complex, time- and labor-intensive technologies. With this type of saw cut, an arborist needs a qualified assistant below who will control the friction device during the descent of the parts.
Most often we are asked to cut parts with a drop and parts with a curtain, these are the two most popular technologies. Cutting parts with a dump is easier, faster and, accordingly, cheaper than with a full curtain. Although, combined technologies of tree removal are often used in parts: for example, the long branches and the top are hung on a rope, and the trunk is sawn with a drop. In some cases, when the lawn cannot be damaged, and there are a lot of branches near the tree, it is still possible to work with the dumping - an assistant on the ground from the branches in a certain way folds a shock-absorbing “cushion” and the trunk parts will no longer damage the lawn.
Another way to remove trees is more related to emergency, falling on buildings, hanging in the crowns of neighboring ones, is stem hanging such a whole treein the presence of, of course, a number of living strong trees. With this technology, the trunk of the tree being disassembled is freed from the branches - as a rule, the arborist makes himself insurance on one of the neighboring trees, and then a convenient top station is created on the conveniently located tree, through which the cargo rope attaches to the upper part of the trunk (which we should remove from something) and fixed on the friction device of the lower station. After that, sawing is done and the tree is gradually hung up vertically in several stages, then the arborist saws it off from the bottom, and the helper pulls it down until the trunk ends. This method refers to the most complex and you can see illustrations in the article “Particularly difficult cases”.
Even the removal of trees is possible with the use of special equipment: aerial platforms or a truck crane. In some cases, other tree cutting options are impossible or more time consuming and labor intensive, so you have to resort to engaging vehicles - for example, when the tree’s accident rate includes an arborist’s lifting onto it - in that case, if you access the tree, an autotower is used. Either the sawed parts of the tree cannot even be lowered down - then a crane is used. However, this does not mean that a layman can cope with such work. Examples of the work of non-professionals can be seen on YouTube on the query "tree fails". Removing trees with the help of vehicles is the most expensive technology, since the cost of renting special equipment is added to the cost of a specialist’s work and is used in exceptional cases.
Summing up, ways to cut down trees can be presented in the form of a list:
- Felling the tree entirely in the natural slope
- Swath whole using quickdraw (manually or using a chain hoist)
- Tree removal by parts with free or targeted reset (large or small)
- Cut down a tree with a veil of parts (a simple curtain or a curtain with a delay to lower parts to a free space or bypass obstacles)
- Tree curtain whollyfallen on buildings or nearby trees
- Cutting trees with the use of vehicles
You can get acquainted with the approximate prices for services for removing trees, pruning and other works in the section "Prices"
See photos of our work is possible here.
Contact us and you will receive a safe and high-quality service, as well as bright sun and blue sky!
Felling trees and uprooting stumps on the site can be a tractor, bulldozer, backhoe loader - any heavy equipment, provided that such machines can drive into the territory. With high specimens (from 10 meters), the work is phased: sawing the side branches, crown, trunk in parts. If the radius of the fall is “pure field”, then they manage without preliminary filing. Climbers specializing in the removal of trees do this. Removing trees with a technique is not always the fastest, but the most expensive way.
Preparation of trees for uprooting by an excavator: saw cut closer to ground level, as the machine will dig in a stump. With manual clearing, the stump can be left up to 2 meters, it will be a lever, but this applies to trunks up to 50 cm in diameter. The excavator immediately throws the stump into the truck, otherwise it will be difficult to solve the problem with roots and stumps half a ton and harder.
The main advantage is that you save your health and time. You can proceed to the next stage of the development of the site immediately. Any tractor can immediately load stumps in the back of a truck.
Heavy machinery leaves furrows behind it, ram the soil. Not every site can be driven on an excavator.
Stump chopper, crusher
Stubble cutter, stump lifter, stump grinder, milling machine, crusher machine - a technique of varying degrees of "gravity." The choppers can be either a tractor attachment or a hand-held machine. Each model has its own restrictions on the penetration of the cutter into the ground (up to 30 cm). Particularly preferred method for crushing fresh log cabins. Works quickly, but does not uproot the side shoots of the root. If the plot is imported soil on the bedding, the remaining roots should not be a problem in the places of planting. Under the foundation of the future garden house all the roots must be removed.
No need to worry about disposal or disposal. Chips can be used as mulch.
Pneumatic crushers can be rented far from everywhere. The price of a good milling machine stumps is $ 15,000.
Removal of trees and stumps with a winch
Unwanted wood digging in, hemming or sawing the roots and taking out the winch - lever, hand drum (in simpler cases), hand hoists on a tripod. Winch - traumatic mechanism. Her cable (chain) must be very strong, otherwise a cable broken from tension can be received along the legs, or even over the head. This happens more often than we would like.
Before cutting the roots with a chainsaw, it is necessary to wash them with water under good pressure, as sand and small pebbles quickly blunt the saw chain, and sharpening is expensive. Or chop with an ax.
Winch uprooting is one of the most economical in price, labor and time.
We need some experience with such mechanisms, it is necessary to apply physical strength.
Handling up stumps
Korchevka stump manually feasible, but the process is labor-intensive and long. In the course is a shovel, scrap, ax, chainsaw. Of course, everything depends on the branching of the root, the diameter of the trunk, and the age of the tree.
Standard scenario for self-uprooting a stump:
- Dig a stump with a shovel in a circle.
- Chop off the available roots with an ax.
- Scrap, lever, pipe, hook the stump and pull it out of the ground.
How to get rid of a stump without uprooting
Chemical stump removal. The longest process of removing hemp on the site - by chemical means. Not always an effective way, but the most hotly debated in the network. For the destruction of the stump with potash nitrate it takes at least a year with fertilizer every three months, although the timing is arbitrary.
Processing potassium (potassium) nitrate:
- Drill several deep holes in the stump.
- Pour in clean saltpeter (potassium nitrate, potassium nitrate), moisten the holes. If water dissolves saltpeter, add more.
- Cover the stub with a film for 2-3 months, repeat the procedure.
- A year later, set fire to the stump, it should burn to the tips of the roots.
If you get pure nitre, not as part of a complex fertilizer, this method may work. But mostly 50/50 chance. Depending on the age and condition of the tree, the quality of nitrate, the time of impregnation and crushing of the stump varies. There are people who burned their stumps in 3-4 months, but there is still no way for 3 years.
This also includes the recommendation to fill the stumps with salt. But I include it in the list as malicious advice, since salt will not allow more than one year to grow anything deeper than carrots on this land, and then in the case of adding fertile soil.
You can not burn stumps in the peatlands. A very long process that does not guarantee success.
Herbicide treatment of regular stumps. It makes sense to use the method if the development of the site may take a couple of years. In some species of trees from the root, young shoots are rapidly developing, which you do not have time to mow. If trees are cut down, but there is no time for stumps, you can stop the growth of the shoots and speed up the destruction of the roots by one of the herbicides.
Simple watering recommended dose on the canister will not work. There is such an option: dig one of the roots, a diameter of 1-2 cm, cut it at an angle. Prepare in advance the fingertip (leaky package) with a concentrated roundup and put it on the living part of the root. Insulate and leave alone. Within 3-4 weeks the trees and overgrown foliage will drop, wither. By the time of autumn digging in the ground there will be only rotten. This is real advice from one of the forum users at Forumhouse. Effective should be the concentration of one part of the herbicide in three parts of water.
Burning stumps using the Finnish candle method
The stump is sawn through below the ground like a pie, a chainsaw. Filled with flammable liquid - it may even be oil refining. It is desirable to give some time for impregnation, especially if the stump is from a freshly sawn healthy tree. Burned and burned to the roots.
Manipulations with flammable liquids are recommended to be carried out in the spring, since juices are walking along the trunk and carry the fuel to the very tips of the roots, if the tree has recently been felled and grows. Kerosene is considered to be the best fuel, as it is able to penetrate into any pores due to superfluidity.
If you burn uproots, take care of safety. Around the campfire you need a ditch, just in case sand and water are needed nearby. The ash from the fireplace will go to fertilizer if it is sifted properly and stored in sealed containers.
Advice from arboristov (specialists in sawing trees)
- If you are going to clean the tree below 10 meters, do not cut it. Dig the root zone, chop off the roots and the trunk will pull itself mass. In this way, the bulk of large roots is drawn, and the fines quickly decay.
- To make uprooting most effectively on wet spring soil or after heavy rains - the roots will come out easier.
- If land is imported to the plot, it is not necessary to uproot the root in the places of future planting of beds. You can remove the stump slightly below ground level and prikopat.
- It is easier and safer to hold the saw cut on living trees, so you should not hasten their death - the invited arborist will ask for more for his work, for example, with a dry birch. In some situations, dead wood is taken only with the help of technology.
- If you plan to uproot the tractor, leave the trunks about a meter so that the tractor can throw a cable or chain on it.
Stump destruction by mycelium
This is the most elegant, "green" way to dispose of unwanted stump. Populate the stump with the mycelium of the same oyster mushroom, honey agaric, and within a few months the mushroom sest cleaned it. I have a whole section about mushrooms.
Root destruction by overgrowing
The longest option of getting rid of unwanted trees in the garden, but the least labor and material cost. Fresh stumps cut down below ground level, sprinkled. Emerging shoots from a branched root are cut or pulled as often as possible, especially the first summer - at least once a week. The following year, the shoots become much smaller, since without photosynthesis the roots begin to decompose. Cutting off thin branches and shoots is very convenient and easy with the lopper. The acquisition of this tool will pay off with a torus, when you start to care for your garden. It is not so easy to clean up the shoots with one stroke of the ax, and the chainsaw is very dull about the shrubs and soil.
This method is good because there will be no heavy machinery in your garden - save the maximum fertile soil layer. Also absolutely free. One minus: wait for the result of the season two, not everyone has enough patience. At this point, according to the situation, you can break up the beds on the sly in the already cleared areas of the plot and be happy for the future that a rotting stump will give nitrogen and minerals to your plantings in the coming years.
Aspen, willow undergrowth is so thick that brushing will not do. Since the young shoots of these tree species are thin (up to 1.5 cm), you can mow it with a trimmer with a special nozzle, not forgetting to undermine it.
Stumps and trunks can be turned not only into mulch and ashes, but also into an art object, garden furniture, a brazier, a path between the beds.
If you have your own ways of dealing with unwanted trees, share them in the comments, and I will add to the article.
Removal of dangerous or interfering trees
Green areas are the decoration of the yard area. They not only purify the air, but also decorate the territory. But the beauty and use of trees ends there when they become a potential threat, especially for large-sized trees.
Branches in case of strong wind can break windows or fall on heads passing by people, cars. An emergency tree can be dangerous for everyone, therefore urgently need to be removed. To date, the removal of trees is carried out in several ways.
Features tree removal
Remove or cut down an emergency tree in populated areas You can independently or use the services of a specialized company. Professional services are available to all comers, and all work will be carried out. as safe and legal as possible. Assistance to an arborist may be required not only to residents of apartment buildings, but also to owners of private houses.
It is important to know: If you want to remove a very large tree that is still full of strength and strength, then cutting it and throwing it out will be a real crime. Krupnomer, who is more than 10-20 years old or even 100 years old, can be transplanted to another place, giving him a new life. In specialized companies there is such a service as Tree Transplant.
To remove the dangerous tree as quickly and safely as possible It is worth turning to professionals. It can be cut partially or completely. The cost of work depends on a number of factors, including the age and dimensions of the plant, the method of cutting, the characteristics of the surrounding area, the presence of nearby objects (bath, house, fence, gazebo, wires.).
Final tree removal cost is set after inspection территории и дерева, так как необходимо определить, необходимо ли привлечение дополнительной спецтехники — крана или автовышки. Работу выполняют промышленные альпинисты-арбористы. In some cases, it may also be necessary to use aerial platforms and cranes.
Methods and system of cuts
When cutting down trees and other plantations that interfere with travel, comfortable living and concern full security is ensured passing people and buildings standing in the district. The first cut is made at an angle of 45 -75 degrees from the side of the slope. Next, perform horizontal propyl 1/3 of the diameter of the trunk.
The third cut is made on the other side 5 cm above the first. After that, the tree falls in a controlled manner. With a good balancing krupnomer used wedges, which allow you to tilt it in the right direction. If necessary, the tree is fixed with ropes or a cable, which allows you to lay the plant with a tie in a safe direction.
The advantages of applying to a special service, which deals with cutting and cutting of large-sized trees, include:
- Prompt issuance of a felling ticket, permits,
- Safe, professional performance of work,
- Inexpensive removal of any types of green space - emergency trees, dead wood, cleaning of the building site,
- The possibility of using special equipment and attracting industrial climbers.
Useful advice: turning to specialists, you protect yourself from unnecessary trouble, worries and responsibility. Deleting a tree, a large-sized plant is a complex and dangerous process that an inexperienced person cannot control. At the wrong fall of large branches, trunk or its fragments not only property, but also people can suffer.
Partial and complete removal of trees
Cutting wood parts produced in different ways. Arborist cuts branches and fragments of the trunk, throwing them on the prepared site. At the same time the truck crane and the special equipment can be used. This method of cutting is laborious and costly compared to cutting the trunk entirely.
If the area under the tree is free, then the branches are dropped down. Most often, arborists curtain them at the top of a large-sized meter or on neighboring trees. If the work is carried out by the sawing service, then a professional arborist, as well as his assistants, take part in the cutting process. With proper organization work will be carried out carefully prompt and safe.
If you want to remove a tree from an adjacent site, cut it partially or completely in St. Petersburg and the Leningrad Region, then our company "ValkaDereva.ru" is ready to offer its professional services. Contact our staff on these contacts or use the special form on the site and our specialist will leave to assess the condition of the tree, nearby territory, to determine the complexity and cost of the work.
Causes of saw cut treesRemoving a tree from a plot becomes a necessity if it:
- is dangerous and dangerous for people and nearby buildings,
- prevents new buildings or restricts the access of the sun to an already constructed building,
- caused by emergencies (hurricanes, earthquakes),
- interferes with the conduct of communications - both underground and ground.
The process of cutting wood
The knowledge of biology and the structure of the tree, as well as the peculiarities of the landscape environment, determine the cutting process. To begin with, the method of cutting is determined, in parts or as a whole. In case of constrained circumstances or passing nearby communications lines saw cut wood requires professional equipment.
The cutting down of a tree in such cases should be carried out in parts so as not to damage adjacent buildings when the tree falls. The presence of special mounts, a special system of ropes, aerial platforms and a crane allows you to take on the implementation of complex orders.
After completion of the work, the specialists will leave you a flat and cleaned surface, ready for further use.
Why should you entrust the work to professionals?First, the tree can grow in rather cramped conditions and professional equipment will be required for cutting. Extensive experience will tell the experts the best option for cutting, depending on the characteristics of the territory, the presence of buildings, the state of the tree.
Secondly, in addition to physical assistance, the company is ready to advise you on the documents necessary for obtaining permission.
Specialists of the Doctor-Forest company will provide all the information about the process of cutting the tree, safely perform complex work near electrical and gas pipelines.
A great experience will allow you to do the work without unpleasant consequences, and cooperation with us will leave you with a pleasant impression and a desire to apply again and again.
Roll from the rootTrees are felled for various reasons, but they are always justified. If you do not want to invest in this event a lot of money - then roll from the root is the best option. It allows you to quickly remove plants.
Tree felling is most often used for clearing the area for construction, and the method is also used for logging. The work is preceded by a thorough preparation - the construction of access roads, rental of loading equipment, special-purpose chainsaws.
Felling trees from the root is carried out in two ways - completely with the roots or leaving the stump of normal size. The first case is used today extremely rarely, as it is under development. It is used when it is necessary to clear the area for laying roads, agricultural land or large-scale capital construction. Valka is done by bulldozers.
All work is carried out by teams of arborists, possessing the necessary equipment for this. The most important point is the direction of the rolls, it should be clearly calculated and, if possible, strictly followed. There are two common directions rolls:
- General - when you want to remove a few standing trees. It is used on the territory of the forest or open areas, for example, the forest belt along the road,
- Elimination of a stand-alone tree, the direction depends on many factors - the natural inclination of the trunk, the size and shape of the crown, distance from residential facilities.
What to consider when removing a tree?What is important to consider if you have to roll a large number of trees in the forest zone, and then uprooting stumps:
- The height of the stump left and the way to get rid of it,
- Try not to damage nearby trees that cannot be removed during the fall of the trunk. To do this, an arborist is understood to the height and saw off branches, thereby making the barrel more even, which simplifies control over the direction of fall,
- Well, if the fallen tree does not affect the young shoots.
Accelerate the process of fastening in the upper part of the barrel pull. It will help control the direction of the rolls and its strength. Directly roll begins with a key chainsaw cuts. The speed of the fall of the tree directly depends on their accuracy. Based on the natural inclination, the absence or presence of a delay, the arborist makes a wedge-shaped cut on the one hand, and on the other hand, he completes the barrel. After which he is pushed.
Under no circumstances should you do it yourself, only if we are talking about low-growing shrubs. Any fruit trees can cause serious damage to human health or material values, if removed without appropriate skills.
The reasons for carrying cut
The cutting of emergency trees can prevent various consequences: the rupture of communications, the transfer of diseases to other plants, etc. But there are even more reasons than consequences. So, cut down trees on any site is made if:
- tree hinders the development of other plants
- does not bear fruit
- old tree
- strong wind can cause a fall
- inability to conduct communications or damage
- unfavorable location
- has diseases or pests
In order to dry not interfere in the territory, there are many ways to remove it. All worth remembering only about security. After all, working with a chainsaw, an ax and other equipment is very dangerous. Of course the easiest way to do everything yourself, if it concerns your site. But calling companies that specialize in cutting down emergency trees would be the best option.
This method is used when it is impossible to harm nearby objects. Removal of the whole stem can occur when using tilt. Initially, an inspection of the site of the fall. Next, cut a wedge. It will be the beginning for the fall vector. It remains only to finish the trunk on the other side. And thanks to the already natural tilt the tree falls.
The saw cut is entirely the fastest and most inexpensive, since it does not use mountaineering technology. But it will be dangerous if the trunk has little free space to fall..
Another option for cutting the whole thing is to use quickdraws. In this method, the main part will be the fixing of mounting blocks (polypaste blocks).
The whole structure is fixed on the top of the dead wood, which allows you to gently lower the trunk to the desired angle and do all the same stages of work as with the saw cut, with natural inclination.
It is sometimes difficult to cut a tree in the yard or any other place due to the fact that the same, but healthy trunks can stand very close. In such a situation it will be advantageous to use the descent. So, between healthy plants, a rope is stretched horizontally. It will serve as insurance and will not allow the trunk to fall sharply. Again, the guide and main saw are made.
When there is a fall on the climbing ropes, it begins its smooth descent. Do not forget about good knots that will prevent the gap of insurance. And also about how many kilograms your construction will withstand.
Often cut down in parts can be seen in urban environments. For example, when the object is located near the road. The arborist climbs on special equipment to the top of the tree and begins to cut the driest parts of it. In this case, the branches can simply fall to the ground. In this case, as in all, a chainsaw is used. And the work is carried out when the trees do not bloom. That is, in March.
With a smooth descent
This method helps to control the descent of branches and is favorable in a small area with a high density of planted plants or in urban environments. To begin with, all branches are removed from the crown. This is due to the fact that they are tied up with ropes and with the help of special equipment they gently descend to the ground. Then cut off parts of the trunk.
With aerial platform
The method, which involves a tower, is considered ideal if near the deadwood held power lines. Climbing equipment allows you to get to the emergency tree from any direction. Such a cut is recommended because it takes less time and is unlikely to collapse a dry stem.
Cleaning the area after the cut
After the cut is necessary to uproot the stump and level the ground. For processing or exporting branches, you also need specialized equipment (for example, shcheporez). To uproot the stump, you can use any chemical means or do it manually with a shovel. Possible option to leave it.
Is it possible to cut down the tree?
Of course, the cut down of emergency trees can be made independently. But only on your site. In any other case, an application is made to cut down trees. True reasons for this are necessary. These may be a close location, a security breach, because of the dense crown daylight does not enter the housing.
Where to go:
- To the owner of the land
- In housing and communal services, if a tree is in the municipal territory
- Garden partnership, if the location of the tree falls under their control
The main thing to remember about one thing: dead wood cut in foreign territory is strictly prohibited by law.
So, before cutting or other work, you must make sure that the tree is in a good condition Only if the above reasons and the impossibility of removing them by other means are found, then the option with a saw will do.
But do not forget about safety - large trunks of trees can be removed only with the help of skilled workers. This will help both utilities and private companies.