Tying peas has several pragmatic goals:
- The correct vertical or inclined position of the plant provides light access to the ripening pods. The lack of the sun negatively affects the yield of the crop and the taste of the fruit - on the creeping stems, they ripen unevenly, and the peas become fresh. In order to have a quality crop with a characteristic sweetish taste, the culture must be given support.
- Contact with the ground heavy pods leads to their rotting in heavy rainfall. If you do not raise the stems, there is a risk of losing a significant part of the crop and harming the health of the plant.
- Covered with foliage pods hard to find when harvesting, while the late withdrawal of the fruit will lead to his re-singing. At the same time, the plant will consider that its main function - reproduction - has been fulfilled, and will begin to dry out, despite the presence of young undisguised pods.
- In time, the pods that are not removed and lying on the ground become easy prey for bruchus, a pest of legumes. In the course of his life inside the peas, he releases toxic cantharidin, which makes the crop dangerous to eat.
Tying peas will allow you to harvest in time and ensure its high-quality ripening. In addition, self-made support for culture can bring some aesthetics to the overall atmosphere of your site.
Ways of tying
Ways to tie up peas in the garden, each gardener determines for himself. It is easier for someone to stretch the ropes along the landing, someone makes do-it-yourself portable lanes, and someone creates interesting original designs from scrap materials. The main thing is to attend to the issue at the planting stage: it is not recommended to put supports and nets after the peas have grown, because such manipulations can damage the plants.
Usually peas are tied up when sprouts reach 15-20 cm, and antennae will begin to appear on them. The latter should be carefully picked up by hand to an organized support, when the plant is locked, it is no longer necessary to interfere in its position. You will only have to watch from time to time to see whether the neighboring stalks intertwine with each other.
There are varieties of peas that do not need an organization of support: low-growing species are planted in pairs in a hole, and as the stems grow, they support each other. On the packaging of such seeds is marked "resistant to lodging." If you do not have the time and opportunity to engage in tying a crop, you can buy low-growing species for planting.
In the wild, unpretentious peas tie themselves up. With its antennae, it clings to any suitable support and assumes the vertical position necessary to protect the fruits from pests and create favorable conditions for high-quality ripening of seeds.
In the old days, peas were often planted together with grain crops, which were a natural support for it. The pods were harvested as they mature before the harvest, and the stalks of the “companions” subsequently served as a useful and nutritious food for livestock.
Such a useful neighborhood is often practiced in summer cottages - gardeners plant peas with sunflowers. The plant clings tightly to the rough, thick trunks and is actively moving upwards, substituting ripening fruits to the sun. The only disadvantage of such a natural support is a rather unaesthetic and untidy look.
The trellis device is the most popular way of tying peas. There are several techniques that differ in complexity, the simplest of which is to drive in stakes at the edges of the beds, between which the ropes are stretched in several levels. The growing pea itself clings to the support as it grows and fixes its position.
You can make and solid pyramidal lanes, which will last you more than one season. A frame resembling the roof of a house is created from wooden slats across the width of the aisle. On a rectangular base, the trellis will stand on the bed, and the inclined elements will be the basis for fixing the ropes:
- Measure the length and width of the future beds with peas.
- According to the measurements, collect the rectangular base of the tapestry.
- File a few paired rails of 1-1.5 m each, attach them with a “house” to the base with a step of 0.5-0.8 m.
- On the ridge of the structure, nail a long rail into a size that will fix the entire structure.
- If necessary, you can organize stiffeners on the sides of the created "pyramid".
- To make it easier for the peas to cling, stretch the ropes horizontally or vertically (from the ridge to the base) on the sides.
Such a thorough trellis will serve you more than one season. Its main convenience is the possibility of transferring to another place in the implementation of crop rotation in the garden. The only negative is that you will have to take into account the dimensions of the structure every season when selecting a place for sowing peas.
Another option to create a trellis do-it-yourself - U-shaped construction of wooden slats:
- measure the length of the future garden under the pea,
- prepare 2 slats of 1 m each, the length of another one should be 20-40 cm shorter than the length of the bed,
- assemble U-shaped design,
- in the upper plank, you should arrange the fastening for the ropes (drill through holes with a step of 7-10 cm, fill studs, etc.),
- stick the "legs" in the ground.
Trellis is installed on the bed directly at sowing. Attach the rope to the top bar and take them to the edges of the beds can be after the antennae on the plants. The neat appearance of the structure over time is even more ennobled by the orderly crawling stalks of peas.
Many summer residents, trying to save useful space on the plot, plant peas to the fence. Ideally, wooden fences and a chain-link stretched between the posts are suitable for these purposes.
Using a fence to support peas does not require a waste of money and time to organize special structures. At the same time, the chain-link and trellised wooden fences optimally transmit light and air, do not overheat and serve as a good support for the weaving plant. The main thing - to choose the correct orientation of planting on the cardinal points, so that the peas are illuminated by the sun's rays as long as possible.
If you do not have the opportunity to plant peas near the fence, you can use the grid as a support directly on the garden bed. Pick up the length of the chain-link of suitable width with a diameter of cells of about 10 cm, pass strong stakes through the edges and insert the last ones at the edges of the bed, stretching the mesh fabric.
By placing the grid between the rows in this way, you can provide support for several pairs of rows. It is also possible to build a contour frame on the bed from the grid, for which growing peas will cling to the antennae from the inside.
The options for creating support for peas from the chain-link are great, they limit your possibilities only to the size of the beds and the convenience of harvesting the ripened crop. A galvanized mesh can survive not only one season and even wintering, and if you need to transfer the crop to another place in the garden, you can easily make it “move” in the spring.
An interesting version with a wooden frame and a protective synthetic mesh is presented in the following video:
How to do it yourself
There are many options for props for peas. To select the type of tapestry are guided by the features of the site, the place of the beds and the desired decorative effect.
It is advisable to install a support before planting a legume, noting the place of sowing beans. Installation work after emergence can damage the roots and stems of the plant.
Why do you need to tie peas?
Identify 3 main reasons that garter culture is necessary. In the first place, part of the crop lying on the ground will definitely rot. The second reason is that young pods hidden under the lashes do not receive enough light and air for proper development. As a result, they ripen unevenly, such a quality crop can not be called.
The third reason, the lower beans are hidden from the eyes, respectively, easy to miss the moment of harvest. One ripe pod on a bush gives a signal to a plant, and it stops the growth and development of new ovaries. Accordingly, a certain percentage of the crop is lost.
Because of the lack of time, the dacha owners often neglect this procedure; therefore, the harvest does not satisfy them, and they stop cultivating the crop. For this category of gardeners, breeders have bred special low-growing varieties; such types of crops do not need supports.
Ways and schemes of fastening
How exactly to fix the peas depends on the following points:
- what sort is planted
- planting method
- what supports are installed,
- what kind of garter is used.
It is best to install such supports, the garter to which is not needed. But if the bushes are massive and can not do without it, the following recommendations will help.
Fastening on supports depends on how peas are grown. If the bed is small and plants are planted in a row, props are installed at any time.
A low grade of peas is tied to a small support consisting of a string and wooden stakes. It is recommended to plant peas in a staggered manner, then when establishing supports it will be easier to tie them up.
Advice from agronomists, crop yield is increased if you tie peas to a support fixed in an inclined position.
What material is suitable for garter?
The stems of the plants are fragile, so the garter is picked carefully. Do not use twine or steel wire.
Soft rags or thick threads will do, they will not damage the stems, the plant will not dry out.
What kind of support and garters do it yourself?
Those who do not have the opportunity to purchase materials in the store, make support for garter peas on their own. There are many options, everyone chooses based on their own preferences and characteristics of the landing.
To do this, growers use all the materials at hand; a bicycle wheel, stakes, poles and cords will be useful.
When to carry out the procedure?
The conversation about how to tie peas in the garden is best to start with the question of when to do it.
Support for the future harvest can be installed right before planting, and you can later. Garter begin to perform when the stalks reach about 20 cm in length and release the first antennae.
Sometimes, in order not to burden themselves with the garter arrangement, they plant sunflower or corn together with peas. Growing up, smooth and strong stems of these plants serve as a natural support for peas.
There are also undersized varieties that do not need a garter. Such peas are planted not one by one, but two pieces per well. Subsequently, with such a planting, the stems intertwine and “hold” each other.
One of the simplest options for tying peas is the usual wooden or metal stakes up to 2 m long. They are simply stuck into the ground at a distance of 10–15 cm from the stem of the plant. Indenting is done in order to not accidentally damage the root and destroy the culture. Growing up, the stalk twists around the support and does not spread along the ground.
This design has its drawbacks. First, for its construction you will need quite a lot of stakes. And secondly, it looks like such a “pea” stockade is not very aesthetically pleasing.
There is a simpler way to tie up peas in the garden. For this, the stakes are set at the beginning, middle and end of the bed. At a level of 20–30 cm from the ground (or where your peas have grown), a strong twine is pulled between the stakes, for which the antennae will cling. As the crop grows, stretch the extra twine every 20–30 cm. You will have a peculiar wall of peas.
Use the grid
If you do not know how to tie peas correctly, and are afraid to do it wrong, you can use a trellis net. You can buy it in any store for gardeners. On sale there are two types: plastic and metal. The first option is preferable, as the metal can damage the delicate stems of the plant.
It is very easy to install. You will need 3-4 metal pegs with a length of about 2-2.5 meters. Stick them in the beginning, in the end and in the middle of the bed. Stretch the net and secure it with stakes or wire ties. Catch the antennae of the peas in the lower cells, and then it will crawl on its own.
From the industrial trellis grid you can make real "pea" arches. This is another interesting way to tie peas in the open field. Take 3-4 pieces of plastic pipe with a length of about 4-4.5 meters. Each section bend in the form of an arch and stick into the ground, thus combining the two adjacent beds. Throw the net over the supports and secure it with a wire. Pea stalks will crawl along the grid and eventually close at the top of the arch. As a result, after some time you get a "pea" tunnel.
We build a hut
Do you know how to tie up peas with an old bicycle rim? Not? In fact, it is very simple:
- Take the rim and remove the needles from it.
- Now you need to find a stick about 2.5 meters long and drive a big nail from one of its ends.
- In addition, you will need several studs 10–15 cm long, made of thick wire. For example, you can use an unnecessary welding electrode, folded in half.
- Take the rim and the studs fix it on the ground.
- Stick a stick into the center of the rim so that the nail is at the top.
- With the help of a long twine, connect the holes from the spokes to the nail in such a way that a kind of pyramid is formed.
- Now in the holes around the rim you can plant peas. Growing up, the stems will cling to the splits and you get a beautiful green pyramid.
If you do not have a rim, you can do without it. A round hut can be built simply from sticks. Take a few long rods and stick them into the ground in a circle. Tie the upper ends together and tie into a bun. Done! Now you can plant peas.
Flat huts perform in the form of the letter "L" between two adjacent rows. For this, the rods are tied in pairs, reinforcing between themselves a cross bar or twine.
How to tie peas correctly?
We continue to study the topic. We considered many ways to tie up peas, but did not say how to do it properly.
By and large, you do not need to tie stalks at all. It is enough to provide them with reliable support and the peas will crawl on it. But if your bushes are too large and heavy, then you should still tie the main stem. This is done with the help of soft cloths or thick threads. You should not use wire or hard string for this purpose. Coarse tissue will damage the stem and the plant may dry out.