General information

Bearded Iris - growing


Iris is a sophisticated, elegant and amazingly beautiful flower. Translated from Greek, "iris" means "rainbow" - this is how in ancient times this flower was named for its wide variety (numbering from 700 to 800 plant species), original forms and richness of color.

Iris is a rhizomatous perennial plant. The root system of the flower is located at a shallow depth, and in bearded irises it generally comes out. The height of the stem can be perfect different: 15 cm - the stem of the dwarf iris, 200 cm - the stem of the marsh iris.

The number of branches of the peduncle depends on the type of plant and variety. The flowers themselves are distinguished by their unique delicacy and tenderness. The flower consists of 6 petals: 3 inner petals stretch upward to form a dome, and 3 outer petals are bent downward. Iris petals are located so that you can examine each of them in detail. A distinctive feature of the bearded varieties of this plant is the presence of soft, bristly outgrowths on the outer bent petals, which in appearance resemble a beard - hence this group of flowers took its name.

Popular varieties

Varieties of bearded irises are usually divided into groups that take into account the height of the peduncle.

There are such groups of garden irises:

  • tall bearded
  • miniature tall bearded
  • bearded intermedia
  • curb irises,
  • standard dwarfs,
  • miniature dwarfs.

The most common varieties of bearded iris are presented with photos and descriptions. Small dwarf irises very low, their length does not exceed the mark of 37 cm. They are used for landscaping the territory, as they are not demanding to care and grow very quickly:

  • "Amsterdam" - have flowers of a yellow-golden color with brown splashes. Begin to bloom in April and end in May. Variety "Amsterdam" looks favorably in the rocky garden or planted along the curb.
  • Nain Lives - the inner petals have a milky yellow color, and the outer ones are painted in a saturated red color with a burgundy palette mixture and have a clear and wide white border. At the base of the outer petals are golden spots and there is a kind of pattern of white rays. They have a very pleasant aroma.

Medium tall irises reach a length of 70 cm. They are planted along the borders, they also look favorably on inclined surface areas:

  • "Batik" - have flowers of purple color with a combination of numerous white veins. The size of the flower in diameter reaches 15 cm. They have a sweet-spicy aroma. The variety is resistant to various weather conditions, diseases and pests.
  • "Arctic Age" - snow-white flower with corrugated petals. Perfect for creating a monochrome garden.
  • Oregon Skies - a flower with azure-blue color, wavy petals and vanilla scent.

High varieties of bearded irises are considered to be plants whose stem length varies between 80–120 cm:

  • "Burgomaster" - the flower is of medium size, orange-violet colors prevail at the edges of the outer petal, and the center has a dark saturated purple hue. The internal lobes have a yellowish color with a whitish-pink tinge, along the petal are streaks of lilac color. The length of an adult plant is 80 cm. This variety feels good on the southern and south-western slopes.
  • "Beverly Hills" - a very popular perennial variety. The flower is of medium size, bright coral-pink color, has a lace, as if corrugated beard with a reddish color. Peduncle grows in length to 1 m, the leaves are narrow, have a rich green color. The plant feels good in sunny, windless areas, as an example - the southern slope.
  • "Arkady Raikin" - a flower of a pinkish-red color with an orange edging, looks spectacular and has a strong spicy aroma. The flowering period is medium.
  • "Guards" - The plant has a large bright yellow inflorescence up to 15 cm in diameter. It has a pronounced aroma.

Place to grow

By choosing a place for planting irises must be approached responsibly. Bearded iris needs moisture-permeable or stony soil with neutral acidity. The flower grows very well on an inclined plane and loves the sun, because the number of buds of flower buds for the coming year depends on it.

Location and lighting

For the cultivation of irises you need to find a sunny place, not blown by winds and drafts. Most flowers can tolerate light penumbra from the trees, but they should not be planted in the shade of the trees, since in this case one can not wait for the release of peduncles.

For planting, it is necessary to choose a site with nutrient loamy soil having neutral or slightly acidic soil acidity. The site should be with good drainage, as the irises can not stand the excess moisture.

Preparing the soil, take care to make it rotted organic fertilizer. To facilitate the soil to humus it would be good to add sand and wood ash.

The rules of planting bearded irises

To obtain a quality flower of bearded iris, which will delight with its beauty, timely planting and proper care of the plant in the open field are necessary.

The best time for planting and transplanting a flower is considered to be time after flowering, then the plant will form new roots. If you look closely at the rhizome, then below the base of the leaves you can see the tubercles of light green color - these are the rudiments of the roots.

When they grow up, they will be very fragile and brittle. Therefore, irises are planted either immediately after flowering, or in the fall, when the roots become fibrous and hard.

Place a flower on this mound, spread the roots well, and, compacting, cover them with earth. Delenki plants should not be greatly deepened, as the root should be well heated by the sun.

The prepared material of bearded iris, when planted in the ground in spring, must be treated with growth stimulants. If the rhizome is very long, it is necessary to cut it a little, remove the rotted places and keep in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for about 20 minutes.

Soil care

Bearded iris in spring requires special care. It does not imply hard labor, you just need to be extremely careful when loosening the soil. The roots of the flower are close to the surface of the earth, and care must be taken not to damage them.

The accumulation of water and nutrients in irises occurs in the root system. Therefore, they need watering only during dry summer and during the flowering period in order to prolong it.

Pruning leaves and withered shoots

In August, the leaves begin to slowly die off, this may serve as a signal that it is necessary to make sanitary pruning of the plant. To do this, completely remove all dried leaves, shorten the rest by half or one third.

In such a simple way, you can save the plant from all sorts of diseases, whose carriers are old leaves and flowering peduncles.

Separately about feeding

The plant needs feeding in the spring. You can make potash fertilizer in the form of a solution under the root of the iris. This top dressing will help the development of leaves and increase the size of the flowers.

In the summer, when the flower stalks have bloomed, you can feed the plant with phosphate fertilizers - they will stimulate the growth and formation of inflorescences next year.

In the autumn season, the flower needs an accumulation of soluble carbohydrates, and their source is phosphate and potash fertilizers.

Possible diseases and pests

Prevention is the main enemy of all kinds of diseases and pests. With timely cleaning of the site and removal of weeds, the plant is less susceptible to various diseases. The most common diseases in iris are:

  • soft root rot,
  • bacteriosis.

To remove pathogenic bacteria will help a weak solution of potassium permanganate. If you put the plant root for 30 minutes in this solution, the bacteria will die. Roots spread in the sun and dried for 8 hours, turning the rhizomes.

At defeat of a sheet plate it is necessary to spray a flower 2 or 3 times Bordeaux mixture.

First among the best

Just do not confuse a bearded iris with a Siberian iris, which, on the contrary, loves a lot of water, so it grows well on the banks of reservoirs.

Bearded iris is a real find for a bright, fragrant flower garden. Moreover, any garden flower will envy the cut and color scheme of its “suit”. He is subject to all the colors of the spectrum - from red to purple, and in addition - flounces, fringe, ruffles, lace. A strong aroma with many nuances will delight any connoisseur of smells.

There are 35 varieties of hybrid iris, which you can learn from the article "35 recommended varieties of iris"

Landing, choice of place

Bearded Iris - landing, choice of location

It looks like a dandy, but in reality an ascetic, not demanding irrigation, can grow on any poor, sandy soil. He is clearly on the shoulder the role of the "first violin" on our extreme flower garden.

Of course, if we still create favorable conditions during landing:

  • Sunny place. Leave shady and semi-shady places for other plants. Only in the sun a bearded iris can show all the luxury of its bloom. High bearded irises of blue color look very impressive in a separate article on our website.
  • Shallow planting rhizomes. Plant as small as you can. Put the roots in the hole, and the rhizome should be only slightly pressed into the ground, so that its “back” is on the surface of the ground. And the spatial orientation of the deer of the iris should provide maximum illumination of this very “back”. Therefore, it is best to place a fan of leaves in the northern sector of the hole. Due to this, the rhizomes heated by sunlight will lay many flower buds. Yes, and rot, which can affect the rhizome with an excess of moisture (prolonged rains, wet area, heavy clay soil), are afraid of sunlight. The sun is the best medicine for iris.

Top dressing - wood ash

Iris also has a “gastronomic” addiction, which also helps him from diseases, contributes to abundant flowering and powerful development. This is wood ash. With regular introduction of ash, there will be no problems with irises. Do not be afraid of the term "making ash." This is a simple scattering of ashes on the bed. Be sure to pour on the leaves, the point of growth, rhizome and around. Easy and quick procedure does not take much time. I put ashes in a small plastic bottle. It is very convenient to work with her - even her hands remain clean. To close the ashes into the soil is not necessary. Light rain or superficial, not too heavy watering will deliver healing "seasoning" to the roots. And after 2-3 weeks, when all the ash from the garden disappears, we again take up the bottle.

Although the iris and sukholyub, but in rare irrigation still needs. For example, water well enough in May (if the weather is dry), during the growth of arrows and buds - until the end of flowering. Try not to pour on the buds. Do not do without watering and during the rooting of the newly planted delenok - in July-August - in small portions on dry soil, until new leaves begin to grow. All the rest of the time, water superficially only in a strong and prolonged drought.

Successful companions

Bearded Iris - a bright spot on your flower bed

Many ornamental shrubs, such as lilac, chubushnik, spirea, are tolerant of rare watering. Therefore, these shrubs are always successfully combined with irises. You can create a very cozy decorative corner from a spiraeus, because they are so different - high and low, white, pink, purple, with a variety of foliage in shape and color. Even if you plant only one bush low spirey Goldflame, a bright spot in the garden is provided. After all, the foliage in her most of the growing season (spring and autumn) has a bright color - from yellow-orange to purple. "To the feet" of irises and shrubs can be "thrown" undersized sukholyuby - stonecrop and young. The choice of color and habit of these perennials will allow you to create an interesting composition. For every corner of the garden, even the most "arid", you can pick up "tenants" who will be happy with their place in the flower garden and meet the expectations of the gardener with a generous palette and fragrance.

Selection of a site for planting and soil composition

Bearded irises of all kinds need neutral or slightly alkaline soil. It should be waterproof, can be stony. Especially good slightly inclined plane. They do not tolerate poorly flowing water and clay, acidic soil. Dwarf irises need a particularly permeable soil, preferably cropped. Coarse sand should be added to too heavy and dense soil.

Choosing a landing site is very important. Under the trees, in a shady place, the irises will not bloom. They are so in need of the sun that they simply live in misery when their rhizomes are shaded by overgrown neighboring plants. In autumn, the irises need as much sun as possible to set the next year's flower buds.

When and how to plant bearded irises

The best time for planting, dividing and transplanting all bearded irises is after flowering, when new roots begin to grow. They are visible as greenish-yellow tubercles on the rhizome below the base of the leaves. When these hillocks - the beginnings of roots - germinate, they are very fragile and usually break off during transplantation, and new ones are formed only next year. Therefore, it is necessary to transplant irises, either at the time when new roots have not yet developed, or in the fall, when they become fibrous and hard.

If planting irises made in the fall, it is necessary to compact the ground around the plant and slightly cover them so as not to freeze in winter. Well-rooted irises do not need shelter.

When planting, first make a small indentation with a mound in the middle, put an iris on it, evenly straighten the roots, cover them with soil, well compacting it with the hands around the plant. Delenki place shallow to warm the rhizomes of the sun. If the roots are fresh and the ground is wet, then you can not water it.

Care for bearded irises

Bearded iris, like no other flower, requires daily care: weeding, trimming of leaves and withered flowers.

Bearded irises accumulate water and nutrients in their rhizomes. Therefore, they need watering only with exceptional dryness of the soil, as well as when a small seedling is planted with a poorly developed rhizome.

The roots are located first in the surface layer of the soil and only then deepen. That is why it is necessary to loosen the earth around irises very carefully. In the first years, the ends of the roots branch and form thin root hairs. In the third year, they usually stop growing, but remain active, absorbing nutrients.

Every year, not only new roots are formed on the side of the old faded shoots, but also the links of the rhizome - the iris grows farther and wider. Only the outer shoots are blooming, the inner ones (along with their roots) gradually wither, dry out and die. At the same time they reach the surface layer and often intertwine with each other. As a result, a strong plexus of dead rhizomes is formed in the middle of an iris bush. Then it is urgently necessary to separate them and spread out. This is usually done in 3-4 years. The division can be postponed if the old, leafless links of the rhizome are broken down and removed. Then in the middle of the bush creates free space.

Dwarf irises can stay in one place for up to 10 years, in contrast to tall bearded ones. In the third or fifth year, the iris should be planted. It depends on the nature and rate of aging of a particular variety, but it should be rejuvenated when flowering is weakened. When transplanting a new place is chosen in the garden, where the soil is not depleted and not contaminated with diseases inherent in irises. If necessary, planting at the same place the soil should be replaced with fresh.

At the end of summer, the old leaves begin to die off, but not all varieties are equally fast. In August, should be cut off all the dried leaves outside. The remaining inner leaves can be shortened by half or third. Irises will look green and neat, but the main thing is that diseases will not develop on the old dying leaves.

If dwarf and medium-sized irises do not require shelter for the winter, then high ones should be covered. Best of all, dry oak foliage is suitable for this (or which one is at your disposal, but mice do not live in oak), then you put a lapnik tree, and a film (lutrasil) on top. Only in this way your tall bearded irises will survive our cold winter and bloom next year.

Top dressing of bearded irises

There are different opinions on this topic. Some say that the iris does not need fertilizers at all, others recommend a whole range of dressings. Fertilization has a single goal - the replacement of the missing nutrients in the soil.

Soils are different everywhere, and therefore fertilizers are applied depending on their composition. Thus, it is advisable to do a soil analysis. Very important for the selection and placement of plants in the garden indicator of acidity.

Ирис нельзя перекармливать азотными удобрениями, следует избегать внесения свежего навоза, неразложившегося компоста.

Удобрения вносят обычно после цветения, лучше минеральные с минимальным содержанием азота. Очень хорошо ирисы отзываются на внесение древесной золы — цветы становятся ярче и крупнее. You can make old, well-rotten humus or compost.

As a rule, fertilizing is carried out three times per season: the first time in the spring at the beginning of regrowth, the second - at the beginning of budding, the third time - 10-15 days after flowering. The first and second supplements are nitrogen-potassium (20-30 g of ammonium sulfate or ammonium nitrate per 1 m 2 and the same amount of potassium chloride), the third - phosphorus-potassium (50 g of superphosphate per 1 m 2). Top dressings are made on the wet soil with its subsequent loosening.

Dressing in spring

The growth of the leaf apparatus of irises in central Russia begins in mid-April. Due to the low temperature of the soil, the mineralization processes at this time proceed slowly, which leads to a low concentration of available nitrogen in the soil. Therefore, at this time top-dressing of planting with nitrogen in the nitrate form is relevant.

Nitrate fertilizers include sodium nitrate (NaNO3), calcium nitrate (Ca (NO3) 2), and potassium nitrate (KNO3). On sandy soils and former peatlands during this period, it is advisable to apply potash fertilizers, which provides better assimilation by nitrogen irises.

Such dressing contributes to the “start of the race” in the development of the leaf apparatus, an increase in the size of flower stalks and flowers.

The application of phosphate fertilizers in early spring is ineffective, since phosphorus is extremely poorly absorbed by plants at low soil temperatures. In addition, it is impossible to influence the quality of inflorescences at the moment, since these properties in the bud have already been formed in the previous year.

After completion of flowering, the second maximum of the intensity of development of bearded irises occurs, which is characterized by an active increase in lateral growths. This phase of development also requires a good supply of plants with nitrogen nutrition - it is necessary for the successful formation of young rhizomes. During this period, it is advisable to make nitrogen in the ammonium form. Ammonium fertilizers include ammonium sulfate and ammonium chloride.

Top dressing in summer

In the summer, ammonium fertilizers are superior in their efficiency to nitrates for two reasons. First, ammonium nitrogen, unlike nitrate, is directly used for the synthesis of amino acids and proteins. Nitrate nitrogen is included in the metabolism only after its reduction to the ammonia form. Secondly, ammonia nitrogen is almost not washed out from the root distribution zone.

Note that the above recommendation - to increase the nitrogen nutrition during the beginning of the formation of lateral growths (for the middle zone of Russia this is the middle of June - the middle of July) does not coincide with those given in the publications on the cultivation of irises.

In the second phase of intensive development of irises, along with an increase in the rhizomes of lateral growths, the formation of the buds of future inflorescences takes place. The formation of future generative organs can proceed successfully only against the background of a good supply of phosphorus to the plants. The end of the second maximum development of irises coincides with the beginning of the deterioration of the factors of their life.

Top dressing in the fall

The successful survival of plants in the autumn-winter period is promoted by an increase in the concentration of soluble carbohydrates in the cell sap of their organs. The process of accumulation of soluble carbohydrates actively proceeds with the optimal security of the plant with phosphorus and potassium. All this indicates the need for phosphoric fertilizing irises when entering into the second phase of intensive development.

Preparing bearded irises for wintering

Should we cover bearded irises for winter? This question can hardly be answered unequivocally, here, perhaps, the principle of “do no harm!” Is appropriate. On the one hand, the shelter gives an obvious advantage - it reduces the likelihood of damage to plants by low temperatures. At the same time, pre-winter concealment, especially unqualified, has a number of negative points:

  • rodents and pests find shelter under shelter,
  • deterioration of air circulation contributes to the development of diseases
  • during thaws, covering material can become a battery of moisture, which, with a subsequent decrease in temperature, will turn into an ice crust, which, in turn, can lead to large losses of plants,
  • Shelter planting iris for the winter - very time-consuming work on large plantations, it is difficult to carry out.

According to observations, a bearded iris is a “dry” plant, it is easier to tolerate a lack of moisture than its excess. In this regard, it is useful to cover plantings with plastic wrap in late autumn in order to reduce excessive moisture. It is important to ensure the natural circulation of air under the film. Remember that bearded irises do not have a natural period of rest, they “do not fall asleep”, and the continuation of their vital activity is accompanied by breathing.

There is one more special trick that contributes to the successful wintering of irises. This is sowing of winter cereals (for example, rye) right along their plantings, followed by weeding in spring. The resulting turf reduces the thermal conductivity of the soil, which favorably affects the state of irises.

Rezepov V.

Description of the species

Irises are very popular with gardeners.. These flowers are perennial and unpretentious, to grow them will have no difficulty. Various varieties allow you to create beautiful compositions in the garden, to complement any style of landscape design.

The plant has beautiful long, narrow leaves and an unusual flower shape. Initially, the flowers were blue or purple, now there are many hybrids with flowers of different colors (white, yellow, pink, burgundy, brown, peach).

Petals can be monophonic, two-color, with a border or with modulations. The size of the leaves, the height of the bush, the shape and shades of the flowers depend on the variety. Some varieties have a pleasant aroma, emulsion for the perfume industry.

Irises are:

  1. Low-growing - up to 35 cm in height.
  2. Medium - from 35 to 65 cm in height.
  3. High - above 65 cm.

Exists two main groups:

  1. Bearded. They have bright beards of hairs on the outer petals. The species has long been known to plant growers, so a large number of varieties have been developed. That bearded varieties most often choose gardeners.
  2. Bezborodye. They do not have a beard, but there are bright yellow spots of various shapes.

Irises are propagated by division of rhizomes and seeds. Seed method is used for breeding new varieties.

Siberian irises

Siberian belong to the beardless varieties. They need some other care, they are more enduring and better adapted to the weather conditions in Russia.

Their flowers are smaller, but more buds are formed on the bush. In some varieties, all buds bloom at the same time, and some bloom gradually.

Planted irises in the fall or spring. For Siberian varieties soil drainage is not important, they can grow in damp places or in shallow water (a pond, a stream, a stream).

The plant requires a nutritious, fertile, moderately acidic soil. Planting Siberian varieties should be made by 5-6 cm deep in the soil; their roots do not crawl over the surface.

For irises, fertilizing and mulching are important. Young plants need to be watered more often, as their root system is not sufficiently developed to independently extract water from the soil. Adult plants are watered less often. Over time, the bushes begin to age and cease to bloom, so they need time to divide and seat. A bush grows 5–8 years without a transplant.

It is best to plant irises in late August - early September. The flower likes well-lit places, without drafts and neutral soil. It is necessary to add sand and peat, as well as some nitrogen fertilizer. If the soil is sour, the leaves grow quickly, but the flowers do not develop.

Rhizomes grow horizontally, so you need to retreat enough space between the bushes, at least 15 cm for low-growing varieties, at least 20 cm for medium and at least 50 cm for high.

Rhizomes deepen into the soil by 3 cm.

Usually, irises are transplanted once every 4–5 years, Siberian varieties - once every 10 years. Without a transplant, they will grow strongly and will not bloom or will begin to shrink every year. When transplanting the bush is divided into several small ones, removing the damaged leaves and rhizomes.

Constantly wet soil leads to root decay. It is better to plant flowers on high ground or make good drainage. Only swamp and Siberian varieties require an abundance of moisture. The plant does not tolerate organic fertilizers, you need to make mineral liquid fertilizer.

Most irises are rhizomatous, but there are also bulbous varieties. Rhizomatous more unpretentious, easily going through the winter. In autumn, blooming buds are cut as close to the root as possible.

It is necessary to cut the leaves in half the length. Cover the bush with earth and leaves. It is important to open the plant in time in spring so that the roots do not rot.

Bulb varieties require more care. In August, before the beginning of prolonged rains, you need to dig up the bulbs and store in a cool place until spring. In the autumn, you can replant and divide the bushes. There are many different varieties of iris, each gardener can choose the appropriate species for their garden. Iris bloom 2-4 weeks. The period depends on the variety.

Garden decoration using irises

Placing irises in the garden, it is necessary to take into account some of the nuances. High cultures are planted in the compositions of landscape design in the background. Irises can be planted alone or combined with other flowers, shrubs, conifers. They look good in the garden against the background of such plants:

They can be planted in single-colored or multi-colored flowerbeds, in rock gardens. Marsh or Siberian irises feel great near water bodies or in shallow water. The plant looks beautiful on the background of stones and forged items.

Irises can be supplemented with a mixed flowerbed, in which shrubs, flowers and dwarf conifers grow. You can also plant them in small groups on the lawn.

They are not aggressive and are perfectly combined with poppies, lupins, lilies. Ideal combination in a single composition of irises and daylilies. Daylily bloom period more, flower bed will be beautiful all season. In daylilies the root system is deeper, so the plants will not compete for moisture and nutrients.

If there is a reservoir in the garden plot, it is recommended to plant irises to decorate its banks. The plant will be perfectly combined with water, and moist soil to promote rapid growth. For decorating the territory of the reservoir, you can use only irises, it will look natural and beautiful.

Rules for registration of beds with irises

  1. Flowers should be combined in color and size so that the flowerbed looks harmonious.
  2. Monochrome varieties are best combined with variegated, dark shades can be supplemented with light ones. It is not recommended to combine several multicolor varieties in one flowerbed, otherwise they will mix and will ruffle.
  3. It is important that the plants in the flowerbed are not shaded and do not drown out each other. In irises, the root system is located close to the soil surface, which means that for all other plants it should be placed deeper.
  4. Need to keep a distance between plants.
  5. It is necessary to loosen the soil and remove weeds.
  6. Plants need to be selected so that the flowerbed blossoms throughout the summer season, some varieties flowered, others began to pick up color.

With the help of these beautiful plants, you can turn the surrounding landscape into a blooming and fragrant garden.

Bearded Iris: what is it and how to distinguish it from other varieties of irises?

The iris family is quite extensive: it has more than 300 members, but the bearded iris, which is the most common species, is the landing and care of this article. Its inflorescences have a rather large size and complex shape: 6 petals are arranged in two tiers (three reliably preserving pistil and petal stamens form something like a tent, and the lower three - gently descend downwards). A distinctive feature of bearded irises is the presence of a peculiar "beard" on the lower petals: tracks of numerous delicate fibers, often with a contrasting color to the color of the petals.

The leaves of the iris are dense, elongated, with distinct longitudinal veins and a pointed end. The rhizome consists of links that grow each year, located on the surface of the soil or slightly buried in the ground, it grows rapidly, forming dense thickets.

Growing bearded irises: how to choose the right place on the site and plant the plants?

The optimal place for planting bearded irises is the southern side of the site, protected from wind and drafts, which can break fragile flowers, and is also slightly shaded from bright sunlight. The soil of the bearded iris, planting and care for which are planned on your site, prefers loose, weedless, perhaps even rocky. Organic fertilizers should not be abused, as the overfedded iris will only increase the excess green mass to the detriment of flowering.

When planting young plants in the ground, it is important to ensure that the thickest links of the rhizome do not penetrate into the soil, because then the plant will need a lot of strength to push the shoots to the ground surface. So, dig a hole, pour into it a mound of earth, on which we have rhizomes. On the slopes of the knoll have smaller roots and sprinkle with earth. Some experienced growers even recommend in the warm season to reveal the rhizomes, freeing them from the cover of the soil, so that they can soak up the sun.

Bearded irises: organize the right watering

In conditions of moderately rainy summer, irises practically do not need additional watering. If the summer is dry, it is enough to water 1-2 times a week your beloved bearded irises. Planting and caring for them are simple, only in some cases more intensive hydration is required:

- for better rooting of young plants in the first few weeks,

- during the application of basal dressings for their better absorption,

- in the period of budding and flowering, if natural moisture is not enough.

It is best to water the bearded irises carefully, with a slight pressure of water, so as not to blur the rhizomes. Watering in the morning should be avoided, as water droplets on the leaves and inflorescences during evaporation can leave burns and spoil the decorative appearance of the irises.

In a word, the bearded iris, which you are already planting and caring for in the garden or are just planned - this is an excellent choice for a flower garden decor, a luxurious decoration for the whole season!