Today in Makhachkala there is a club of fans of the Gilan breed of chickens (KLGPK). Poultry enthusiasts love their job, advocate for the preservation of the species, gather, share breeding experience and show off their giant birds.
Thanks to their efforts, this ancient species has a chance for genetic preservation. Below you will read its description, and you will understand that it is worth these works.
External data of the Gilyan chicken
Let's start with the fact that its weight reaches from 4.5 to 6 kg! As for the colors - they are different. The most common options are black, marble, white, fawn and red-brown. Growth of such beauty reaches 60-80 cm!
The color of the beak depends on the variety and plumage. The torso of the feathered lady is elongated, but large. Despite its impressive size, the head of the club is small, with underdeveloped, neat earrings and a comb.
On the red face, even among the fair sex, one can see a clear "bristle". Metatarsus large enough and in their colors correspond to the beak. A distinctive feature that is standard - smart tanks and a gentle beard.
External data cock
In fact, it can be described briefly - a giant. Its weight reaches 6-7 kg, and in some cases even up to 10! This huge handsome man has a massive chest, less elongated than the feathered women, but slightly elevated body. The variety of color options is the same.
The giant rooster has a tough, tight-fitting plumage. On a small head, proportionally planted eyes, distinguishing the cockerel with a predatory gaze. Paws are powerful with four long fingers on each.
- Aggressive. Although they hardly fight with each other.
- Roosters are courageous defenders of their herd — they are ready without hesitation to pounce on the enemy, even surpassing their strength.
- Friendly, graze well, do not scatter.
- Curious - need to limit the space.
Puberty and hens egg production
Dagestani women grow up slowly, and enter full sexual maturity at about the age of 1.5-2 years. From now on, they begin to actively sweep and delight their masters with tasty eggs.
The weight of one Persian egg is about 70-80 grams, and the shell is pinkish or beige. As is known, in the year the mature hen lays about 150 eggs.
Chickens and everything related to themBreeding does not require any titanic effort. Chickens are born quite large and strong.
Survival rate of young 95% is an excellent indicator. But despite this, they will have several months to fledge, and the “adult” will take on a species by one and a half years.
Children have incredibly good health, and with appropriate care they do not get sick. Here are some tips for caring for babies.
- Observe the temperature regime - chicks, who have not yet developed thermoregulation without it. When small volumes are used infrared lamps for heating.
- Provide crumbs with plenty of clean water.
- Feeding is started 12 hours after birth. Give chickens eggs with cereal. On the third day, you can add to the diet greens and dairy products.
- For the full development of bone and muscle tissue, children need a lot of calcium and protein.
- Do not forget about the prevention of infectious diseases.
in 2017-02-09, 21:36
First post in thread:
ORIGIN: Russia, Dagestan (northern part of the former Persian province of Gilan)
GOAL OF BREEDING: Preservation and distribution
DESCRIPTION: The head is medium in size, elongated, beak of medium length, curved. Nut comb, molded, uneven, overgrown with bristly hairs. The eyes are orange-red or amber. The neck is long, there is a small but noticeable nape. Pronounced tanks and beard. In a young bird up to one year old, tanks are more developed than a beard, with age the beard becomes more powerful. The body of roosters is raised high, of the semi-fighting type. Lower thigh long, muscular, prominent. Hocks long, thick, strong, not feathered. Even at the age of one day, the thickness of the plus chicken is significantly greater than that of ordinary chickens. The tail is small, set at an angle of 60 degrees to the back line. The body is well muscled, elongated, chest broad, broad shoulders. The feather of the bird is dense, not loose.
The bird tolerates low temperatures very well, but does not feel comfortable in the heat. The instinct of hatching is preserved; Chicks feather slowly, but are resistant to disease and have good immunity. The bird reaches its full development only in the second year of life.
The torso is medium, broad in the shoulders, strongly elevated in the front part, but not like the fighting chickens.
The neck is long, straight set, with a small nape.
The back is medium flat, with a line descending to the tail, straight and broad at the shoulders, tapering towards the tail.
Shoulders wide, straight, slightly protruding.
The wings are of medium length, wide, tightly pressed against the body, with slightly bulging shoulders.
The loin is wide with full, not too long plumage, not forming a pillow.
tail bell-shaped, very steeply set, with short braids, of medium length, forms an angle of 60 degrees with the line of the back.
The chest is broad, rounded, slightly convex, with a tight fitting feather.
The stomach is moderately developed, well chosen.
Medium head, elongated.
The face is red, slightly rough, overgrown with bristles, partially hidden by feathers of the tank.
Comb: Walnut (has an uneven surface, resembling a shelled walnut in shape), covered with bristly hairs
The ear lobes are very small, red, not visible at all, as the tank and beards are covered with feathers.
The catkins are underdeveloped, red, closed by beard feathers.
Eye fit is normal. eyes are brilliant orange-red or amber.
The bill is medium length, thick, massive at the base, strongly curved. By coloring there are black, yellow, dark-horny with a yellow end, yellow with a striation beak.
Tanks and beard:
Pronounced tanks and beard. In a young bird up to one year old, tanks are more developed than a beard, with age the beard becomes more powerful. The beard is preferably wedge-shaped.
The legs are thick, round, well distinguished from the body, the plumage is tight.
Hocks long, thick, non-feathered. The color of the plus sign depends on the color of the feather and beak. Yellow beak - yellow legs, white beak - white legs, dark legs - beak is black or dark horny. The color of the claws coincides with the color of the beak. There are metatarsals from white-pink, yellow to gray-gray.
By the number - four. Widely spaced, straight, long fingers. Not plucked.
Hocks and fingers should be completely free from the slightest sign of a feather.
Plumage is dense.
Similar to the signs of a rooster, except for signs caused by sexual differences. The body is longer and not so wide, the back falls to the tail to a lesser extent. The tail is not so directly delivered. Developed tanks and beard, ear lobes and earrings are in their infancy and are completely closed by facial feathering. Crest poorly developed, covered with fine setae. More pronounced than the cock nape.
Feathered legs, low weight, no beard and tank, another form of comb. Legs too short
Cock: Young 5-6 kg. Fallen out (after a year) 6-7 kg.
Hen: Molodka 4-5 kg. over-cooking (after a year) 5-6
Rooster height: young 65-70 cm, tired (after a year) 75-80 cm
Chicken growth: young 50-, 55 cm, featheral (after a year) 55-60 cm
* In some isolated cases, roosters 7.5-8 kg and an increase of 90-95 cm, chickens 6-6.5 kg and an increase of 60-65 cm
Egg production 140-150 eggs first year, 110-120 second year.
Minimum egg mass 70-80 grams
Shell color from pink-white to light cream.
The color of the plumage is very diverse, mostly white, black, scarlet, fawn, marble (black and white feather), as well as other colors. Calico color is quite rare.
Club of Lovers of Gilyan Breed Chicken (KLGPK)
Dibirov (Baybulatov) Muhammadsaid Baybulatovich
General description of curly chickens
Curly chickens - small in size. Comb - leaf-shaped or rosy, ear lobes medium, white, red rounded earrings.
Legs are feathered. Color - white, black, silver or brown. The body is wide and deep, the back and neck are medium. The wings are long, lowered. Tail disheveled, medium. The overall outlines are rounded.
The breed has two varieties: ordinary and dwarf. They differ only in the size of the bird. The dwarf curly is traditionally called bentams, like the dwarf other breeds.
A distinctive feature of curly chickens, as you might guess from the name, is curly, upturned plumage.
The feather core has an arched shape, due to which the feather is bent upward, which gives the birds a disheveled and rather unusual look. The sign can be expressed to varying degrees: weak, medium or strong.
Breeds are birds with an average degree of curlysuch should be the majority.
If the breed divorces itself, only half of the chickens will have perfect plumage, a quarter of the chickens will receive weakly plumage from their parents, another quarter - heavily curly (these birds are also called “woolly”, they have not the most presentable appearance because of excessively fragile plumage) .
In order to maintain the maximum number of high-grade chickens, the birds are bred, sitting down on the heavily curly chickens of slightly coarse cocks and vice versa.
By their nature, these are intimidating, curious and rather calm birds, they are easily tamed, willingly go in contact with a person, very friendly. Hatching eggs readily, but are not used as broods for rarer breeds.
Cultivation and maintenance
Features of the content of these chickens are associated with their luxurious, but requiring constant care plumage.
It is worse than usual, it retains heat, therefore, when being kept without heating, a thick layer of flooring is necessary, and in cold regions heating of the coop is necessary. Particularly thermophilic chickens with a strong degree of curl. They also need more feed in the winter and autumn seasons.
Also curly feathers break easilytherefore some caution should be exercised in the equipment of the coop. These birds cannot be kept in cramped spaces, where they quickly break and lose some of their luxurious plumage.
Appearance may suffer as a result of mating or skirmishing, although in general curly chickens are peaceful and are not often inclined to clash.
When kept together with the rooster, the plumage of chickens will begin to suffer greatly after 3 months, the backs of the hens will go bald. The fragility of plumage and the degree of baldness in different birds is different and depends on the genetics. But in keeping and breeding, if you have a goal to have neat and beautiful birds, you should take some caution.
The content should take into account that chickens are practically unable to fly, so the roost should be arranged very low from the ground, and increased attention should be paid to litter for the floor.
It is better to equip warm nests in which birds can spend the night, or roost no more than 30 cm from the ground.
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Another “risk factor” is moisture. The curly plumage is worse than the usual feather protects the bird from the rain, so there must be a strong canopy in the hen house.
But in general, it is impossible to call the breed whimsical, lovers rather successfully breed curly chickens: this breed is attractive combination of ease of keeping and breeding, rather high egg-yielding with an unusual appearance.
For the happy life of the bird will be enough strong warm chicken coop and a comfortable perch for a night rest., like most of the more common breeds.
The peculiarities include interesting results when crossed with other decorative breeds with an unusual structure of plumage.
When crossing a strong-cocked rooster with a chicken with normal plumage (or vice versa) half of the chickens will receive an average degree of curlyness - the trait is very well transmitted when crossed with “smooth” breeds.
The weight of an adult rooster of the usual variety is 2.8-3 kg, chicken - 1.8-2.1 kg.
Egg production - 120 eggs per year, egg weight - 59 g, shell color - brown. Chicken run in 6 months. The safety of the young - 89%, adults - 92%.
Where to buy in Russia?
In Russia, this breed can be called a rare, but an unusual appearance and unpretentiousness help curly chickens to gain more and more popularity.
In some farms, you can buy eggs and young curly chickens, but their prevalence varies greatly from region to region.
Here are a few farms that deal with curly chickens:
- Kursk farm Kukareku, tel: +7 (919) 174-46-47, address: Kursk, st. Dubrovinsky, 14,
- Perm farm IP Radosteva Tatyana Petrovna, tel: +7 (902) 800-32-70, e-mail: [email protected], address: Perm region, Dobryansky district, pos. Polazna ul.Nagornaya 19,
- farm, head Rudakova Maria, tel: +7 (912) 617-92-76, e-mail: [email protected], address: Sredlovskaya oblast, Ibrit.
In some regions you can also find curly chickens in small farms and private farmsteads.
There are quite a few decorative breeds of chickens, here are just a few that, due to the unusualness of their plumage, may well compete with curly ones:
Their plumage like thin wool very quickly gets wet and poorly protects from cold and dirt, which is why the breed requires dry bedding in the hen house and grazing on the grass. This breed is more capricious in its content, although it is well acclimatized in Russian conditions.
Araucana - one of the most unusual breeds of chickens. These birds do not have a tail, because of which they have a recognizable silhouette and attract the attention of each guest at a glance at the compound.
Another feature - bluish (different shades, from turquoise to greenish) eggs. In the content of unpretentious, the only significant drawback - problems in mating due to the lack of a tail, the chickens have to do a kind of intimate hairstyle to increase the chance of fertilization of eggs.
Due to the curly feathering, the problems in keeping are the same as for curly chickens. But Polish curly ones are smaller per kilogram and carry far fewer eggs, so it's hard to call an attractive working breed.
Among the decorative breeds curly - one of those that can be easily recommended even for a beginning poultry breeder.
Eternally ruffled chickens will decorate any compound, do not require special care, are well acclimatized in central Russia and are suitable for producing interesting breeds with breeds with ordinary plumage, while showing a fairly high productivity.