Weeds are a scourge of gardeners and gardeners, and they spend most of their time fighting them. However, there are pleasant exceptions. So, a strong and tenacious weed meadow grassy learned to use for decorative purposes. This plant, each of you saw in the meadows, it willingly grows along the rivers, reminding a small hummock from which a grass whisk grows.
Today you can buy the seeds of this plant and beautifully plant on your site, forming your own landscape. But if you walk along the river bank or the marshland, then you will surely find dozens of adult “pikes” from which you can collect seeds. Turf meadow is a surprisingly tenacious, beautiful and interesting plant. They form dense turfs and hummocks. They love wet meadows and shores of ponds, fields and pastures. The grassland grassy, with all its decorativeness, is a harmful weed.
The main advantage of this species (if viewed as a garden decoration) is vitality. Seeds germinate in almost any conditions, and the adult meadow turfy is unpretentious. The roots of the plant go deep into the ground. In the meadows, they can reach 70 cm, and in the marshes about 20 cm. The stems are straight, up to 100 cm. The inflorescence is presented as a beautiful multi-spike panicle, which fits very well into any landscape. Panicle sprawling, large, about 25 cm in length.
Lugovik turfy ("pike") belongs to the family of cereals. The inflorescence consists of small spikelets. Spikelet scales uneven, at the base they may be purple, and along the edges yellow or green. A whisk can be used to make dry bouquets. They look very elegant at home in the winter, especially if you find a suitable vase.
With a relatively low temperature in early spring, the first shoots begin to appear, it is a grassy meadow grass that emerges from the ground. The description would be incomplete, if not to say about an amazing gift, exceptional vitality. If you are going to grow "pike" on your plot, then you can sow it before winter. Seeds will undergo a natural stratification, and in the spring you will receive strong and amicable shoots.
Lugovik turfy (“pike” turfy) begins to bloom in early summer, releasing a luxurious panicle. It is on it that numerous seeds ripen, which by the middle of summer will begin to crumble. Of course, you do not need to trim a beautiful panicle. It is enough to know one rule, the seeds do not germinate when embedded into the soil by 5 cm or more. That is, in the fall it will be enough to dig up the land on the plot, and in the spring you will not have a friendly growth.
In the first year of life "pike soddy" bushes. A gardener can control this process by constantly trimming off the excess. Otherwise, as a result, the plant forms thick turfs, which gradually turn into spectacular hummocks. Only in the second year there is a panicle, now the "pike" can bloom and bear fruit. Stems grow with great speed, new shoots appear.
It is this property and causes damage to the plant. The formation of hummocks leads to a change in the surface of the soil in the meadows and pastures. It becomes bumpy and unfit for mowing. Leaves of old plants are unsuitable as hay. That is, the "pike" displaces other herbs, and is useless as a feed.
Using the "pike"
This is a very beautiful, ornamental grass plant. It is often used in the design of the dacha. This is a very convenient plant, as it grows quickly, requiring almost no maintenance. But without landing attention can not be left. The fact is that the plant develops very quickly, so the extra stems and leaves need to be removed in a timely manner, otherwise you will get an ugly bump.
But even after the flowering period is over, flexible and long leaves and straws can be used to stuff mattresses and pillows, and some craftsmen make various crafts from this raw material.
Perfect condition on any site
This is one of the main reasons why the "pike" has become a favorite of gardeners. She feels great on almost any soil, ranging from marshy and sandy, although the latter is not typical for its growth. Thanks to various varieties, especially variegated, she became a favorite with gardeners. In summer, at temperatures above +25 degrees, the plant hibernates, while fully maintaining its decorative effect.
“Pike” turned out to be a convenient and fertile material for the development of new forms and varieties. Their main differences are in the length of the leaves, spikelet shades, height of peduncles and other indicators.
"Pike" prefers to grow in moist soil, at moderate temperatures. If there is a plot near the garden pond, where there is constant dampness and does not want to settle down anymore, then this is the ideal place for this weed. Too high temperatures can cause a loss of decoration, especially with insufficient soil moisture.
It prefers to grow in the sun, but it will be nice to feel in partial shade, however, in this case it does not bloom so abundantly. If the plant was planted on sandy soils, then it needs constant watering. In the marshy lowlands you can not moisten additionally. In the spring you can feed with nitrogen or universal fertilizers.
Lugovik turfy Goldtau is the largest of all existing today. Reaches a height of 170 cm, and the width of the bush - up to 50 cm. Very elegant grass, forming a dense bush. The leaves are thin, not dying off for the winter. Spreading panicles golden yellow. The plant blooms in June and July. Winter hardiness zone - 4. This means that the plant tolerates cold temperatures down to -35 degrees. Drought-resistant, but requires frequent watering at temperatures above +25 degrees.
The Goldschleier sodden meadow is another popular form of plant that is often used to decorate gardens. The height of the grass is up to 1 meter, the width of the bush is up to 50 cm. It keeps the shape of the bush well, as it grows rather slowly. Especially beautiful during flowering, at this time the inflorescences are golden yellow. Gradually they grow dull and turn grayish. Do not forget that the plant is large, so you need to successfully choose a place for planting.
This variety is suitable for those who need to emphasize the beauty of a small pond, which does not want to close a large bushes. Height about 30 cm, does not bloom. This is a minus and plus, the absence of seeds does not give him the opportunity to attempt on the rest of the garden. Leaves are green, with a white longitudinal stripe. In cool weather, it can become pink. By autumn, the leaves become brownish. Winter-hardy, can grow in partial shade, any soil, but always moist.
Lugovik or pike soddy plant description
Plants of the genus Lugovikov, family of cereals have not only a large number of natural species, but also varieties bred from them. This also applies to pike soddy. The plant gained popularity primarily because:
- it is unpretentious
- forms a dense bump - turf
- many years growing in one place
- has attractive leaves and inflorescences
- can keep decorative until the spring
- has many decorative varieties
- combines well with other plants
Pike soddy plant perennial. Depending on the variety, the average height of the bushes is from 0.2 m to 1.7 m. The leaves are narrow, rarely more than 0.5 cm wide, long, hard, folded in half along the entire length. The upper side of the leaf plate is covered with numerous rows of miniature spikes, they are directed to the top of the sheet, increasing its rigidity.
Inflorescence - panicles, collected from almost horizontal spikelets. The length of the panicles, depending on the variety, varies from 7 cm to 25 cm. During the flowering period, the varieties may differ in color of the inflorescences, but when ripe, many become golden-wheat or bronze-brown in color.
The leaves, stems and roots form a soddy hummock, for which the plant is called the meadow turf or pike sod. In the first two years, the shoots of the pike soddy exist in a shortened state, after which a pair of internodes form on them, and already after this a rosette of leaves of the second tier is formed. This process takes another two years.
After the plant is formed in two tiers, there comes a period of flowering. In most cases, it is not necessary to wait for pike to bloom before the age of five; sometimes flowers can be seen only in the seventh year of life. It should be said that the wild-growing species is prone to fairly aggressive growth. Instead of an ornamental plant, you can get a malicious and omnipresent weed, so it is better to choose varietal meadows for growing in the garden.
Planting material for the garden can be both seeds and parts of the plant, separated from the parent bush. Taking into account the fact that many cultural species are hybrid, a plant unlike parent can grow from seeds, therefore it is best to use a bush dividing method for planting. The size of the separated parts should be about 15 cm in diameter. The best time to divide pike bushes is spring and autumn.
Lighting and soil
In order for the pike to bloom regularly and abundantly, it is better for her to choose a place well lit by the sun, if the area is in the shade, then the pike may not bloom. The plant is adapted to grow on any mechanical composition, acid - base reaction and soil fertility. Although, if you make the minimum amount of organic and mineral fertilizers, then on this ground a soddy meadow grows better and has a more decorative and neat appearance.
For planting you need to dig a planting hole, a little deeper than the size of the bush requires. Install part of the hummock in the pit and close it with earth, while planting the hummock you need to dig a little. After that, water well. You need to water in the first two weeks after planting. It is not necessary to transplant a grassy meadow grassland, if the weather is already hot outside with an average daily temperature above +20.
In the future, the plant requires regular watering only in a very dry summer. To prevent self-seeding, you can remove flower stalks and periodically trim a bump. If the bump with age began to look "bald" and untidy, then it's time to dig it up and divide it.
The best varieties for the garden will be:
- Bronzeschleier - stems above 1.5 m, maintains a decorative appearance throughout the year
- Goldtau - tall variety with attractive golden color panic
- Tardiflora - medium height up to 0.9 m, later variety
There are many more hybrid forms and varieties that are in perfect harmony with the plants in the garden.
Use of pike turfy in the garden and in medicine
In the garden, a meadow grass creates beautiful compositions primarily with:
Tall varieties can be grown near various vertical walls. In addition to decorative applications, grass or pike turfy are used in medicine, both in official and in folk. Currently, the official medicine recognized antiviral activity of drugs from pike soddy.
They effectively help to cope with viral diseases such as influenza, hepatitis. Currently, the release of the drug for the whole family called proteflazid.
At home, you can use decoctions and infusions of dried plants, they are good at the first sign of cold and flu, and baths from pike soddy will help to cope with skin problems.
Video review of the plant pike soddy:
The height of the bush varies from 20 cm to 2 m. The rosette is formed by a set of elongated leaf plates with a width of not more than 0.5 cm. They are rigid and dense. The surface of the sheet plates is covered with grooves running in parallel, the flip side is flat. The hummock has a dark green color, by the autumn the inflorescences and the leaves become yellowish straw hue.
The special density of the undergrowth is not different. Sods are loose, the stems are thin and smooth, the height of the bush is up to half a meter. The sheet plates are very thin, acquire a creeping shape, occupying a diameter of 30-40 cm. The color is bright green and remains in winter.
Grass pike soddy photo in the garden
Flowering begins in late June. Paniculate inflorescences consist of miniature horizontally positioned spikelets. Depending on the cultivar, the length of the panicle is 7–25 cm; at the peak of flowering, they are capable of reaching half a meter length. At the beginning of flowering inflorescences drooping, but eventually branch out, become fluffy, like a little cloud. They are golden brown in color, have a slight luster.
Inflorescences are paniculate, branched, whitish. Flowers bloom when cool. This representative Lugovikov is a real weed on the garden plot, if you do not limit it in growth.
For agriculture is a harmful weed. In landscape design has found wide application, for this purpose, many varieties are bred. Can be used as a ground cover or plant for alpine slides, rock arias.
The culture is cold resistant. The period of active growth begins in early spring. In summer, during a severe drought, it is in a state of relative rest, reborn with the onset of autumnal coolness. Favorable air temperature for plant development is 25 ° C.
Site selection for planting
Pike Sod Goldschleer Deschampsia cespitosa ‘Goldschleier’ photo
The plant feels fine with any level of illumination.
For the abundant and regular flowering of the grassy turfy meadow, choose a place well lit by the sun's rays. Shading can hinder this process.
In a shady cool place the bush comfortably grow up. High temperatures may adversely affect the appearance of the plant, however, shady moist areas will be preferable.
This grass is tolerant to any soil. Desampsy is able to grow in lean, heavy clay soil, it can be neutral, acidic or alkaline.
Of course, the nutritional value of the soil contributes to the rapid growth. Before planting, it is better to fertilize depleted soil with a small amount of organic matter (compost, humus) or mineral fertilizers (nitrophoska). It grows well in ordinary garden soil.
Growing pike turfy from seed
Lugovik soddy decampse pike soddy seeds photo
Pike soddy easily propagated by seed sowing in open ground, possible self-seeding.
Hybrid forms are most often cultivated culturally; therefore, it is not advisable to collect seeds from such plants at the site or allow them to be sown. When sown, the plant’s distinctive features are lost. To ensure that everything goes well, purchase seed at specialized points of sale.
Sowing in the ground
- Sowing spend the winter (about November).
- Dig a plot, smooth, scatter the seeds on the surface, close up with a rake.
- With the onset of spring heat you will be pleased with friendly shoots that should be thinned.
- You can plant seedlings in separate areas, dig up the roots along with an earthy clod.
Adult plants produce abundant self-seeding - in this case it is difficult to distinguish varieties, such a process is undesirable. Therefore, it is necessary to remove faded spikelets in time.
Deshampsiya pike soddy seedling seedling photos
- The seeds of deshampcia are planted on seedlings already from the end of February to the end of March.
- Sow 3-4 seeds in separate cups, only slightly covering the ground.
- Moisten from the pulveler and germinate in a warm place, covered with glass or film.
- When the plants germinate, remove the shelter and lower the air temperature to 18-20 ° C so that the seedlings do not stretch.
- Be sure to light up in poor light or a short light day.
- Plants grow well with regular moderate watering and bright diffused lighting.
- At the end of May, seedlings are planted in a flower bed, pre-hardened for two weeks.
Planting deshampsii in open ground
- Dig landing pits across the width of the root system, but a little deeper.
- The root system should fit entirely and even deepen a bit.
- Place a tree or seedling in the hole, fill the ground, filling all the voids, lightly seal the soil with your hands, and pour plenty of water.
- It is important to provide regular abundant watering for 14 days after planting.
- Between individual plants keep a distance of 1-1.5 m.
How to spread out deshampsy
Vegetative reproduction of pike soddy is a division of the bush. This can be done both in spring and autumn.
Dig up the old unsightly bush, cut the shovel into several pieces with a diameter of about 10 cm, try to keep the roots intact.
If the bush has not yet lost its decorative effect (it is not time to replant), you can not dig it up, but separate several parts from the hummock using a sharp spade. Почву вокруг куста хорошо полейте, подкопайте и отделите несколько кусков.
Уход за щучкой дернистой
Растение нуждается в регулярном поливе. Особенно об этом следует позаботиться при выращивании в сухом песчаном грунте, а также в период сильной засухи. Хорошо поливайте весной, чтобы дать растению силу для наращивания новой зеленой массы. Летом щучка дернистая приостанавливает рост, но это не значит, что полив нужно прекратить. On the contrary, maintaining soil moisture contributes to the resumption of growth in the fall.
Frequent feeding is not required. It is enough to apply complex mineral fertilizers with the beginning of the growing season (spring), focus on the proportion of nitrogen.
Trimming is an important part of care. After winter, the plant starts to bloom very early. If you do not prune in time, the old dry leaves are mixed with young ones. New foliage will quickly cover last year’s, but the last one after wintering over is vulnerable (rust may strike). Take a pruner and cut the leaves together with the stems, leaving a length of about 5 cm. To maintain the decorativeness during the warm season, also carry out light pruning.
Varieties of pike soddy with photos and names
Lugovik turkey pike Bronzenschlayer Deschampsia Cespitosa Bronzeschleier photo
Bronzeschleier - the height of the bush reaches 1.5, with a spread of 1 m in width. Blossoming inflorescences have a green color, with a time they become a bronze-brown shade. Keeps decorative until the spring.
Deshampsiya Goldshleer Deschampsia cespitosa ‘Goldschleier’ photo
Goldschleier - it has a slow growth rate, every year the planting will be more and more beautiful, rejuvenation will take about 4-5 years. Parameters of the bush: height is 1 m, occupies a width of up to half a meter.
Pike soddy deschampsia cespitosa Goldgehänge photo
Goldgehänge - with a bush height of 1.3 m, it takes up to 60 cm in diameter. Panicle of yellow color with a golden shade.
Lugovik turkey deshampsia deschampsia cespitosa Goldstaub photo
Goldstaub - srednerosly bush up to 75 cm in height. Leaves are dark green in color, panicles are light yellow.
Goldtau - compact bush meter height. Notable for the dark green color of leaf plates with reddish tips. Growth rates are relatively slow - all this makes it very convenient for creating decorative compositions.
Lugovik turf deschampsia cespitosa Tauträger photo
Tauträger - bush height reaches 1 m. Paniculate inflorescences when blooming have a blue tint, quickly turn yellow.
Ladywood Gold - plant height is 90 cm. Feature - yellow-golden shade of leaves.
Lugovik turfy deschampsia cespitosa Northern Lights photo
Northern Lights - undersized bush (height is not more than 25 cm). The sheet plates are covered with longitudinal stripes of a white and cream color, at a cool temperature they turn pink. The growth rate is slow, it blooms not often. The grade is exposed to rust.
Schottland is capable of reaching a height of 1 m. The leaves are dark green in color, the inflorescences are greenish.
Tardiflora - the height of the bush is 1 m. It blooms later than the rest. Preferably grown in shady and cool place.
Fairy’s Joke - with a bush height of 90 cm, it reaches a diameter of 60 cm. Instead of seeds for breeding, it gives young shoots.
Pike turfy in landscape design
Pike turfy in landscape design photo
Due to the variety of varieties, plants of various heights can be selected, and they also differ in the shade of leaves and spikelets. They are decorative throughout the season. Thin leaves, covered with drops of dew or hoarfrost, look impressive.
Pike sodgy goldscleur Deschampsia cespitosa ‘Goldschleier’ mixborder photo
Deshapsiya with air bubbles inflorescences successfully fit into any composition.
- Low-growing deshampsii can be planted on an alpine slide, decorate the foot of trees or shrubs, decorate the garden path, included in the mixborder.
- Medium and tall varieties look favorably among large stones, effectively solo on the site.
- Planting group creates the impression of natural shoots.
- Land at the edge of the reservoir.
- You can land as an emphasis on the lawn - then self-seeding is only good.
- The most original turf meadow grassland looks in combination with irises, lilies, roses, buzulnik, astilba, heather.
Useful properties of the plant
The plant is used by folk and official medicine.
- Infusions and decoctions in the early stages of treating colds and flu. Baths take to deal with skin problems.
- Raw materials is a component of drugs against hepatitis and ARVI.
- Long straws are used for weaving hats, as filling pillows, mattresses.
Pike turfy - a perennial herb of the genus Lugovik, family of cereals. Forms hummocks or dense turfs. When describing soddy pike and other types and varieties of lugovik pay attention to the height of the plant, the size and shade of the inflorescence, the length and thickness, the coloring of the leaves, the height of the stems.
Many gardeners and landscape designers use various plant flowers to decorate the garden, including the pike. At the same time lugovik has several advantages. Compared with other ornamental garden plants, this perennial is able to germinate in one place for many years, is quite unpretentious and has little need for care, forms a bump - sod. Also, the plant has a very simple decorative appearance, which is preserved almost year-round and fits into any landscape design.
The height of the bush, depending on the variety, varies from 20 to 170 cm. The leaves are mostly basal, dark green or gray-green, long, flat or folded along, with a solid edge, narrow linear, about 0.3-0.5 cm wide. The back side of the sheet has a sharp-rough surface, because of which the sheet acquires a more rigid structure. With the onset of cold weather leaves do not die.
Inflorescences are spicate, sprawling panicles, the length of which varies, depending on the variety, from 7 to 25 cm. They are formed on bare, long (up to 100 cm) stems. The inflorescences consist of often planted, almost perpendicular, two or three-colored spikelets 2-5 mm in length, brilliant green, yellow, pale lilac color. When ripe, acquire a golden-wheat or red-brown color.
All aboveground parts form a sod hummock. Up to its full size pike grows 4 years. For 1-2 years the plant grows at half its height, an abundant green mass is formed. In the next two years, several internodes are formed, a second-tier rosette is formed, including the stems.
Only after the formation of the second tier, the plant is able to bloom and bear fruit. In the process of development, bumps form over time from dense thick turf.
The root system is fibrous, in fields and meadows up to 60-80 cm penetrates the soil, on wetlands up to 10-20 cm.
After flowering, the fruit is the kernel: oblong, up to 3 mm in length and 0.7 mm in width. One plant can produce 500-3000 seeds. In early spring, the first shoots appear, in the beginning of summer the bush begins to bloom. Fruit plant in July.
Types and varieties
Breeders bred about 40 different varieties of pike based on natural species. During reproduction plants use two methods - seed and vegetative (division of the bush). Wild forms are propagated by seeds, hybrid varieties - by dividing the bush. Despite the fact that adult plants actively produce fruits, an active self-seeding occurs, but the parental signs in hybrid varieties are not reproduced.
The meadow grassland and the winding meadow grass have many varietal forms that are quite similar. The Antarctic grassland has recently been conquering more and more territories, but by its prevalence it is not as popular as tortuous or soddy.
It is found on the territory of Antarctica, because of which the species got its name. Also in the natural environment can be found on the northwestern part of the Antarctic Peninsula, on the South Shetland, Malvinas and other islands, in southern Chile and Argentina.
Due to the global warming of the climate, the distribution area of the plant has expanded considerably. Lugovik Antarctic prefers light, heated areas on mountain slopes, as well as rocky soil. The height of the plant is not more than 20 cm. It is very cold-resistant, the cold period of time does not affect the flowering of the bush. At a bush the short vegetative period. The beginning of the growth stage is in November: the seeds germinate, last year's crucians “wake up”. In December, the flowering of snowstorms begins.
Sod meadow grass
It is a typical type. On its basis, numerous ornamental varieties are derived.
Sod grass is common in Europe, Asia, North America, and the Far East.
It grows up to 30-100 cm in height. Leaves are basal, dark green, narrow, no more than 5 mm wide, long, rough from the upper side, rigid. Panicles up to 10-20 cm long, consist of thick spreading spikelets.
Photophilous, frost-resistant view. Flowering occurs at 4-7 year of life. Lugovik turfy is able to live and bear fruit in one place for several decades.
The height of thin smooth stems is about 30-60 cm, the rhizome is short, creeping. The leaves are thin, long, hair-like or needle-shaped, die off and lie down as they grow, thus forming a curtain (bump) up to 20-40 cm in diameter. Inflorescence - loose panicle, branched, after flowering acquires a brown, very rarely whitish color.
It grows in sparse forests, fields and meadows of the entire northern hemisphere (in Europe, Asia, Japan, China, North America). The lugovik meandering easily breeds self-sowing, thereby can become a malicious weed in a garden.
The plant is endemic to the vicinity of Lake Baikal, listed in the Red Book. Lugovik Turchaninova - perennial, forms thick turf. Stems 20-60 cm tall, bare, straight. The leaves are narrow, 0.1 cm wide, folded along, bare. The whisk is oblong-ovate, flowering period June-August.
The bush grows very fast. To give it a neat, beautiful shape, in the spring, at the initial stage of growth, it is necessary to cut the stems and foliage shears under the "hedgehog." Otherwise, the bump may look "gray" because of the old leaves of last year, thereby losing its decorative appearance.
A comfortable temperature is considered to be + 25 °, higher temperatures adversely affect the plant.
Regular watering is required only for young plants and in very dry weather.
The grassland is tortuous, the pike is soddy, and the Antarctic grassland produces a lot of seeds, as a result of which they provoke regular self-seeding, littering the nearest territory. To prevent self-seeding, the stems with inflorescence are removed before flowering. As soon as the stems reach 20-30 cm in height, they are cut as close as possible to the soil.
If the bush eventually became “bald” and untidy, it is dug up or divided into new bushes.
Pike is a plant of cold-seasonal nature: it begins to grow at low spring temperatures and high soil moisture. In the summer, when hot hot weather is established with a temperature above + 25 ° C, the bush falls into a rest mode. In the fall, when the temperature drops and the rainy season begins, the meadow "wakes up" and begins to grow again.
For regular growth, development and abundant flowering plants need to choose a well-lit place. In the shade and partial shade the bush is able to actively grow, but due to the lack of lighting, the plant rarely blooms.
The plant is unpretentious and undemanding to the soil, capable of growing on any composition of the soil. However, when applying organic and mineral fertilizers, its decorative properties only improve: the bush actively responds with a lush elegant green mass, abundant flowering.
How to plant a pike in the garden
It is possible to multiply a bush with seeds that retain good germination. Even pike seeds that are not deep into the ground can germinate, but not all shoots survive due to lack of moisture, light and heat.
For a new beautiful lush bush using plots from adult plants. They retain all the decorative qualities of the mother plant, while when propagated by seeds, you can get a bush that is completely different from the parents.
The best time for planting is spring and autumn. The plot must be at least 15 cm in diameter. Dig a hole wider and a little deeper than the size of the bush requires. The plot is set in a hole, buried in the ground, slightly deepening, well watered. Regular watering is required in the first two weeks after planting.
It is carried out in the spring (April - May) or autumn. It is not recommended to replant the bush at an outdoor temperature of + 20 °. Old bushes, sticking out of the ground and having lost their decorative effect, are dug up, cut with a shovel or knife into small pieces. The main thing is to keep their roots.
Only adult plants with a well-developed rhizome and well-formed turf are divided. It is possible in spring or autumn to buy ready-made bush in a pot (a plot with an open root system) in a specialized flower shop. If the bush is bought in the summer, then it will quietly stand in a pot in the shade with regular watering. As soon as the temperature outside becomes comfortable for transplantation, the bush is planted in a permanent place.
You can separate the plot from the bush, not digging it. To do this, with a shovel or knife, a part of a bush is separated from the edge (1-2 plots). This procedure does not affect the decorativeness of the plant. The empty place is covered with earth, tamped, and plentifully watered.
Healing properties of pike turfy are actively used in the manufacture of medicines, as well as used for home use (baths, decoctions, infusions).
Assign in the early stages of the manifestation of infectious and viral diseases, skin ailments, herpes, hepatitis, rheumatism, neurosis. Dried roots have a diuretic, diaphoretic property. They are prescribed in the treatment of diseases of the digestive system, kidney disease.
Pike soddy can quickly help with poisoning. Enough to chew in the mouth a few fresh leaves to reduce the signs of intoxication.
Use in landscape design
Antarctic grassland, winding meadow, other species and varieties will fit perfectly in the garden in a variety of flower ensembles with various ornamental plants that have different form of leaves and inflorescences. Pike soddy is perfectly combined with heather, iris, buzulnik, daylilies, astilbe.
Due to the lush, plentiful, numerous pike grass, it looks good along fences, walls, paths, singly and in groups on a lawn, in stone gardens, among trees, along water bodies.
In addition to simplicity, ornamental appearance, abundant green mass, numerous sweepers, pike soddy forms hummocks. This is the cause of the change in the surface structure of the land, which acquires an uneven, uneven surface. This feature must be taken into account when enriching the backyard territory.
Planting pike soddy
Pike grows well in the sun and in the shade, although, of course, in a bright place it blooms more abundantly.
Prefers wet places.
It grows on any soils, clay and sandy, acidic, neutral and alkaline, poor and fertile (it grows faster on them). A landing pit is prepared depending on the size of the planting material: it is better to slightly dig the bump in order to no longer need to replant and rejuvenate the plant.
After planting, the soil is well spilled. The first 1-2 weeks, if there is no rain or sandy soil in the garden, water frequently.
Reproduction and transplantation of pike turfy
Species specimens multiply by seeds and can become just a malicious weed in the garden. Cultivars often also give self-seeding, in which parental signs are not reproduced. Varietal pikes are propagated by division in April-May. In June, the weather is hot, and dividing a plant that stops growing can lead to failure. It is optimal if at high humidity the temperature does not exceed +20 ° C.
Old, strongly sticking out of the ground or lost decorative (“balding”) hummocks, it is advisable to dig and divide into the required number of plants, planting them again. It is possible to divide a bump, chopping it with a sharp shovel, into rather small delenki, so long as they have roots.
The optimal diameter of the delenka is 10-15 cm: in 2-3 years we will get an adult abundantly flowering plant.
If the planting material is simply necessary, it can be separated from any hummock without digging it up with a shovel or saw 1-2, without compromising the decorative effect. The resulting empty space must be covered with earth, watered and compacted.
At this time, the pike partially or completely stops growing. The specimens growing in the sun are pretty hard. In case of drought, the plant in autumn may not leave the state of rest. Therefore, on hot days, if there is no rain, the pike should be watered.
With a decrease in temperature and an increase in precipitation, the second period of growth begins. Again, you can plant and replant, share a pike as well as in the spring months. If you do not visit the garden late in autumn and in winter or if you are not interested in dried cereals, in late October - November you can cut flower stalks and leaves. Shelter does not require shelter for the winter.
Varieties of pike soddy are not always easily distinguishable. They have different lengths of leaves, height, various shades of spikelets.
'Bronzeschleier' - one of the tallest varieties (up to 170 cm), characterized by high resistance and beautiful views. Panicles can be both green at the time of disclosure of color, and brown with a bronze tint and are able to maintain a decorative appearance almost until early spring.
'Fairy’s Joke' - variety, which is characterized by unusual rather than attractive appearance. Этот саморазмножающийся сорт, он даёт вместо семян миниатюрные, готовые к размножению молоденькие растения. Высотой до 90 см, в диаметре — до 60 см.
'Goldgehänge' — сорт с жёлтыми метёлками с золотистым оттенком. Высота до 130 см, диаметр — до 60 см.
'Goldschleier' — один и самых высоких сортов (до 175 см), прямостоящий и стройный, но свою декоративность может потерять довольно быстро — за полтора месяца.
'Goldstaub' — сорт высотой до 75 см с очень тёмными листьями и светлыми метёлками в жёлтых тонах.
'Goldtаu' - a variety whose height is up to 1 m has foliage that is quite interesting with dark red tips. It grows relatively slowly, so it is convenient for use in decorative compositions.
'Ladywood Gold' - a grade up to 90 cm in height with golden-yellow foliage.
'Northen Lights' - undersized variety (up to 25 cm), having leaves with longitudinal stripes of white with a creamy tint of color, in cool weather they can turn pink. It grows slowly enough, it blooms infrequently. Leaves may show signs of rust.
'Schottland' - powerful upright variety more than a meter in height with dark green leaves and slightly greenish panicles, eventually turning yellow.
'Tardiflora' - Late flowering variety that feels best in a cool and shady place, because it is rusting at high temperatures.
'Tauträger' - A variety with a height of up to one meter, which blooms worse than all the others, has, when blooming, quickly turning yellow panicles with a blue tint.
'Waldschatt' - the least heat-affected variety up to 90 cm high, which is recommended for cultivation in the southern climate.
Lighting and location
The plant is very picky: it will grow in the sun and in the shady area, although it blooms much better in a bright sunny place. Preference nevertheless gives wet places. The pike turfy feels rather well in any light, only in a sunny, bright place it blooms better, and it is more comfortable to grow up in a cool shady one. The optimum temperature for it is +25 ° C. Very high temperatures may adversely affect the plant.
Soil for pike
Turf meadow grass can grow in almost any soil: clay, acidic, sandy, neutral, alkaline, depleted. But, of course, he feels best in fertile soil and therefore grows faster. For planting a pike turfy, they dig a hole of such a size so that it can fit there with a whole bump and be deep enough. Then it will no longer need to replant and rejuvenate. After that, you need to plant and soil abundantly water. The first two weeks, especially if there is no rain or sandy soil, water frequently [/ url]. In general, the plant needs regular watering, especially in a dry season or when grown in sandy soil. In spring, a turfy grassland will not prevent feeding with a universal nutrient or nitrogen fertilizer.
How the plant multiplies
Pike soddy reproduces both with the help of seeds without growing seedlings, and when dividing the bush. Seeds are planted in the open soil before winter. Seeds germinate well, without difficulty and quickly. It should be noted that adult plants give self-sowing, then it becomes difficult to distinguish varieties, so if such a process is undesirable, then the inflorescences need to be cut off when they are flourishing. During vegetative reproduction, the pike bush is divided in early spring or in autumn. Old unsightly bumps can be dug, cut with a shovel, keeping the roots, into several separate parts with a diameter of a little more than ten centimeters. They are planted at a distance of one and a half meters, not forgetting to water abundantly.
If an adult plant has not lost its decorative value, then it is possible to separate one or two pieces from its hummocks with the same shovel without causing damage to the donor. The hole formed near it must be covered with earth, watered and compacted. Both methods are fairly simple and ensure the success of the breeding process.