Budley is a beautiful half-evergreen or deciduous herbaceous plant or shrub, a feature of which is later and prolonged flowering. For this budelya sometimes called late lilac. It is interesting that on the bush you can see both the buds, the open flowers and the fruits at the same time.
In the article we will consider the main types of budley, the peculiarities of its cultivation and planting in open ground, as well as the rules of care, without observance of which scarce flowering, poor plant development, and sometimes loss of a seedling are possible.
Today there are more than a hundred varieties of budley, the most common species is budley Davidimported into our strip from China.
It is a shrub that can grow up to 3-5 meters in height, has thin stems and rather narrow foliage. The flowering period traditionally begins in July and ends in September, the flowers may have a different color and all shades from dark purple and burgundy to white.
Three of its subspecies are most common:
- Budley Wilson differs in a special structure of branches which in a form remind arches. The flowering period begins in late August and lasts until the last days of September, the flowers have a mauve color.
- Budley Wich characterized by its significant size, begins to bloom in early August. The flowers are also quite large and have a rich bright color.
- Budley beautiful begins to bloom in mid-August, pink flowers stand out for their bright color.
However, in addition to the classic variety of this shrub, the following types of it have been spread:
- Spherical Budley, a feature of which are yellow-orange flowers. This is a very thermophilic variety, which is very difficult to endure frosts, so it became widespread mostly in the southern regions.
- Regular leaves She is best known to take root in open and arid areas that are similar in climatic conditions to the northern regions of China where she comes from. The flowering period begins in the first summer weeks, the color is usually pink or lilac, and the inflorescences have a pendant shape.
- Japanese Budley grows up to 2-3 meters, the flowers are always quite faded in color, collected in long panicles.
- Snowy bledya, a distinctive feature of which is a special pubescence of flowers and foliage.
- Belotsvetkovaya The budley has white or lilac, but rather faded, flowers of small size, which at the same time are collected in very large inflorescences.
In the wild, this shrub breeds exclusively by seeds: after the wind spreads them around, self-seeding occurs. In decorative floriculture, there is also sowing of seeds, from which a shrub grows, but, in addition to this, there is the possibility of breeding by grafting. It happens as follows:
- Cutting option Preparation of cuttings for reproduction begins in mid or late September, immediately after the end of the flowering period.
- The size of one cutting is 20 cm, a prerequisite is the presence of at least three buds on it.
- The cutting with the lower part, on which there must be several buds, must be bred into the garden soil, previously loosened.
- For the entire winter period, the sapling must be covered with a film and lightly sprinkled with soil, but do not forget to leave the layer with the air, otherwise the plant can snuff.
- Growth will begin only in the spring months, along with the first warming. Before the onset of the next cold weather, the shrub should grow by about 60 cm, flowering will occur by the end of summer or next season.
Growing from seed
In addition to propagation by grafting, budlyu can also be grown from seed, this process is as follows:
- Seeds of budley The most favorable period for these purposes is February or March.
- The planting substrate must first be drained and watered abundantly, and also a sand-humus mixture should be added. Both components are mixed in the same quantities.
- After the seeds of the shrub are sown, they need to be covered with a small layer of earth, its thickness should be less than a centimeter.
- Above the planting substrate, it will be necessary to tighten the film or completely close it with some kind of glass container, since seed germination requires a temperature regime not lower than + 22 ° C.
- After 2-3 weeks should appear seedlings, the film or protective container can be removed only after the first leaves grow.
- After sprouts have at least three leaves, they will need to be planted in separate peat tanks.
- It will be possible to plant a shrub in open ground only in the middle of summer, the first bloom will come next year.
The main types and varieties with photos and titles
In the middle latitude, several different species are cultivated, and the most popular are the budley changeable, or David (Buddleja davidii). Derivatives of this type are also very popular, for example: buddleya Wilson - lilac-pink inflorescences have a rich color, and in length they reach about 0.75 m, buddleya Wicha is more tall, beautiful buddley - bright purple-pink inflorescences are very large and fluffy.
Budley David (Buddleja davidii)
The height of such deciduous shrubs can vary from 200 to 300 centimeters. And still this plant can be not very big tree (height 5 m), the ends of which branches are drooping. Stems grow relatively quickly. The shape of the leaf plates is lanceolate-oval or lanceolate, while at the apex there is a sharpening. On the front side they are dark green, and on the back side they are yellowish-white with thick pubescence. The length of the leaves about 25 centimeters. Fluffy spike inflorescences consist of purple flowers that have a honey smell. The length of the inflorescences is about 40 centimeters. Flowering begins in the last summer days. Duration of flowering - 6 weeks. Grades:
- Alba, White Cloud and White Profusion - have white flowers,
- Empire Blue, Black Knight - flowers are painted in different shades of purple,
- Royal Red, Harlequin - flowers can be different shades of red.
The types described below are less resistant to frost, but if they are well sheltered, they will be able to transfer wintering:
Budley alternate leaf (Buddleja alternifolia)
This deciduous shrub is drought resistant. Often it is grown in the form of a tree, while the crown is formed like a weeping willow. The composition of small inflorescences are purple or lilac-pink flowers with the smell of almonds.
Buddley: a description of species, garden forms and varieties
Buddleja (Buddleja) - an ornamental, flowering shrub native to the tropics and subtropics of South America, Africa and East Asia. In nature, more than 100 plant species are known, among which are deciduous, semi-evergreen and even herbaceous buddley. The bush lives up to 10 years.
The following frost-resistant species are more commonly grown in our area - David, turn leaf and Weyer's hybrid.
Buddleya David or changeable (Buddleja davidii)
At home, this species is a deciduous shrub (up to 3 m in height) or a tree no higher than 5 m with sprawling branches. We have a thermophilic changeable buddleya growing as a shrub up to 2 m, during the winter the aboveground part freezes, and in the spring young shoots grow actively. Buddley David loves calcareous soils.
Thin, flexible branches wilt under the weight of foliage and inflorescences. The buddley leaves of David are oval-lanceolate or lanceolate, pointed up to 25 cm in length, dark green above, pubescent below. Large (up to 40 cm long), erect or drooping conical inflorescences are formed at the ends of the shoots of the current year, they collected a huge number of small flowers with a delicate honey aroma. It is advisable to remove faded blossoms, they do not look very neat, and in the southern regions this procedure will prolong the flowering period.
The species blooms from the age of two or three; it blooms profusely from late summer to mid-autumn. Due to the long flowering period, the seeds do not ripen before the onset of the first frost, therefore the volatile buddley is most often propagated by green cuttings. Garden forms:
- Wilsonii (Wilson) - tall shrub with arched branches, length of inflorescences up to 75 cm, flowers lilac-pink. Blooms later than the main species,
- Veitchiana (Vicha) - a tall bush with very bright and large buds, blooms from the first half of August,
- Magnifica (beautiful) - inflorescences massive, thick, dark pink-purple, blooms from the second half of August.
- Alba, Silver Frost, White Profusion, White Bouquet, Peace, Ornamental White and - varieties with white flowers,
- Adonis Blue - bluish-purple inflorescences,
- Asian Moon - saturated blue flowers,
- Black Knight - inflorescences are dark purple,
- Bicolor - open flowers lavender-purple with a dark eye, in buds purple,
- Blue Chip - low (up to 50 cm) bush, flowers with a blue tint,
- Dubonnet - blue-purple flowers with an orange eye, blooms early,
- Pink Delight - hot pink inflorescences,
- Ellen’s Blue - blue flowers with an orange center,
- Empire Blue - blue-violet flowers,
- Fascinating - delicate pink inflorescences,
- Flower Power - a very unusual variety with flowers of transitional shades from orange through purple to violet,
- Lochinch - lavender-blue inflorescences,
- Purple Prince - soft purple flowers,
- Miss Ruby - reddish-pink inflorescences,
- Nanho Blue - inflorescences blue-purple,
- Summer Rose or Raspberry Wine - flowers lilac-pink,
- African Queen - lilac-purple inflorescences,
- Orchid Beauty - purple flowers, very bright,
- Royal Red and Attraction - inflorescences with a red tinge.
Buddleja alternativa (Buddleja alternifolia)
In the southern regions, this species grows as a tall, spreading (from 3 to 6 m) deciduous shrubs or trees, we grow up to 4 m. The branches are thin, drooping. The leaves are dark green above, gray densely pubescent below, alternate (hence the name of the species), narrow-lanceolate up to 6 cm in length. In general, while the bush does not bloom, it very much resembles a willow tree, therefore sometimes the species is called a weeping buddley.
The perennially leaf buddleya blooms from June or from August on overwintered shoots, you need to try to save them. Although this species is considered the most cold-resistant among buddley, it makes a short-term drop in temperature to 25 ° C (under the snow cover), it should be carefully covered for the winter, otherwise you can not wait for flowering. Seeds, like those of the previously described species, do not ripen, so our plant is propagated by cuttings.
The inflorescences covering branches, like a garland, consist of many fragrant lilac flowers, they look like fluffy balls. Among cultivars, Argentea is particularly notable with densely silky, silvery foliage.
Buddley weyeriana (buddleja × weyeriana)
Buddley Veier is a garden hybrid b. David and b. spherical. Decorative frost-resistant shrub with a thick rounded crown, reaching 3 m in height. The leaves are lanceolate, up to 20 cm long, sharp in apex, glossy at the top, and covered with thick down from below. Dense spherical inflorescences consist of small bright flowers with shades of flowers from yellow to apricot. Popular variety - Sungold (Sangold)
In the southern regions, one can also grow snowy buddlya globose, narrow-eyed, Japanese and white-flowered.
Planting, growing conditions and breeding buddley
Buddley grows rapidly and blooms profusely only in the sun, in places where there are no strong winds and cold drafts. The soil will suit any, except sour and marshy. Before planting, you need to take care of drainage and properly fertilize the site.
Proper buddley planting involves the final planting of an already prepared adult seedling. The procedure is carried out in several stages:
- if the plant is grown from seeds, sow them in February in boxes or pots. Starting in April, when the soil warms up well, the prepared seedlings are planted in open ground. Moreover, if you pick up a bulky container, you can just take out the bush on the street and not injure the roots with a transfer,
- Before the onset of the first frosts, the buddley should be moved to a moderately cool place (possible in the basement) for storage. Make sure the soil does not dry out. In the spring in the well-established warm weather, the plant is carried out onto the street. For winter in the open field it is advisable to leave already two or three-year bushes. After planting, the ground must be mulched with straw or peat.
Shrubs should be planted in a small distance from each other, 2 m is enough. Buddleya is developing rapidly and has a fairly wide crown, next to it is desirable to plant shade-tolerant plants.
Transplantations are extremely not recommended, in critical cases, the procedure can be carried out only in the spring (in cool weather) in the evening. However, any damage to the root system threatens the death of the plant. After moving the bush to a new place it should be abundantly watered.
Watering and feeding
The plant loves moisture, watch the soil and provide constant, moderate humidity. In summer, especially in extreme heat, you can spray crowns of bushes, but only early in the morning or in the evening.
Top dressing is carried out in spring, as soon as buds appear, during this period the plant needs nitrogen. The next session is held in the middle of summer, now preference is given to phosphate and potash fertilizers, which will ensure good growth of the bush and lush flowering. Buddleya responds well to all organic fertilizers.
Trimming and preparation for winter
If an adult bush is planted, the first pruning is carried out immediately after planting, half the length of the branches is removed and weak growths are removed. In the second year after planting, young growths are cut by 2 buds, and growths of last year are cut to the level of young ones. The main branches can be shortened by a third so that they do not break. Further, the trimming procedure is carried out similarly to the second year.
All buddleya is beautiful - beautiful, unpretentious, resistant to diseases and pests, it blooms magnificently when it is almost empty in the garden, but there is one thing! This southern plant bears heavy winters in the middle lane, and requires good, proper shelter. For insulation, you can use the film, dry leaves, peat, snowing of landing sites and hilling also have a good effect.
Buddley in landscape design
Buddley due to its ornamentation has received wide popularity, these incredibly beautiful shrubs can be found even in the gardens of Siberia. The plant harmoniously fits into any composition due to the variety of shapes and colors of flowers.
Buddley is good both in single and in group plantings, the plant is very practical in terms of decorating various outbuildings, and also bushes are planted to demarcate the territory.
The ability to grow buddley in containers significantly expands the scope of application of the shrub in decorating areas.
All these advantages completely overlap buddley's poor fitness for severe winters, just show care, and this charming southerner will surely thank you with lush and fragrant flowers during the period when nature begins to get ready for bed. So, we boldly recommend growing such an ornamental shrub, like buddleya David, planting and caring for him in the open field are quite acceptable.