As a result of labor Krainova V.N. from the parent pair "Arcadia" to the radish "Radiant" received a new hybrid variety Helios, differing in biological and technical characteristics.
Helios grapes - variety with beautiful and tasty berries
The grade of Helios, universal in use, differs in a favorable trade dress and does not lie on counters. Raspberry berry is universal in application. Grapes make wine, jams, compotes. Fresh berry has a nutmeg taste and an extraordinary aftertaste. Frost-resistant and prolific hybrid variety won the sympathy of winegrowers. The description of the berry is similar to “Arcadia”, therefore the hybrid Helios is otherwise called the “Pink Arcadia”.
Biological description of grapes
Grape variety Helios has absorbed the best features of the parent pair, having distinctive features.
Description: Grapes have strong and large bushes with well-developed vines. Rich clusters (up to one and a half kilograms) of pyramidal shape and relatively dense structure. By shallowing berries are not predisposed. Having bisexual flowers, the grapes are perfectly pollinated for any climatic factors. The advantage of the hybrid Helios is a good maturation of the vine and rooting of cuttings. Unconditional plus - not afraid of rot, powdery mildew, phylloxera, wasp attacks.
The trunk and the vine bushes golden brown in burgundy nodules. Foliage large green saturated. It needs additional care: thinning the bush, watering, fertilizing and annual spring pruning. Fruitful vine is cut in the seventh eye.
With high frost resistance (up to 23 degrees of frost), this variety needs warming for the winter.
The bush is well loaded and allows you to ripen a large number of grapes, but for this you need correct and timely agricultural techniques.
Large pink fleshy oval-shaped berries have a watery consistency and high sugar content. There is a taste of nutmeg in the taste. The flesh is juicy, the peel is eaten, there are few seeds (2-3 per grape). When stored in cool or directly on the bushes, the grapes are stored for a long time. Excellent transport handling. The grape harvest from one bush reaches six kilograms and more.
Helios has a high yield
Description of the advantages and disadvantages of the variety Helios
There are the following advantages of grapes:
- early ripening of berries (the growing season is 110-120 days),
- frost resistance
- disease resistance
- high and stable fruiting without pea berries,
- good marketability
- storage time and resistance to transportation.
The lack of grapes of this variety should include the need for careful farming. Even minor deviations are marked by slow growth and lower yields. About hybrid Helios often say: "Patience is bitter, but its fruits are sweet."
Description of the stages of the cultivation of grapes Helios
Capricious variety prefers fertile soil and spaciousness. Planting of bushes is carried out in the autumn or in the spring with an interval of three meters. Autumn seedlings for the winter harbor.
Healthy strong seedlings should have a well-developed root system and sufficiently mature green shoots, at least 20 cm long.
For better rooting, seedlings before planting shorten the side roots and stems. A day before being placed in the ground, it is recommended to treat the roots with a weak solution of a root-forming agent or a growth stimulator.
Young bushes along with pegs are placed in prepared holes with a depth and a diameter of 80 cm, half filled with a compacted mixture of soil, humus, superphosphate and potash salt. Top roots sprinkled with soil and tamped. It is not necessary to completely fill the wells. Winegrowers recommend leaving a small depression around the shoot. Planting of grapes to a peg, irrigation, loosening and mulching the soil ends with a garter.
Planting Helios grapes is held in a hole 80 cm deep.
Helios grapes require special care, including:
Description of the process. Water the bushes should be carefully to avoid excess moisture. Excessive watering will result in poor yield. It should not be watered when outside temperatures below zero are possible, otherwise there is a risk of damage to the roots if the water in the soil becomes frozen. And when the threat of frost is over, grape bushes need to be watered.
The variety requires abundant watering before and after flowering, as well as during the formation and development of clusters. This is the main period, affecting the yield and respect for irrigation is extremely important.
Before sheltering for wintering, water-charging irrigation should be carried out, the water volume of which is twice the normal one. This provides the root system with moisture for the winter season.
For normal development, Helios needs regular watering.
Description of work. For maximum long-term preservation of moisture, the ground around the vines is covered with mulch (a layer of straw, foliage or mowed grass). To achieve the desired result, the thickness of the mulch should be at least five centimeters.
Today, the agricultural market offers many different materials for mulching, which not only retain moisture, but also protects against the growth of weeds.
Description. Despite the frost resistance, when very low temperatures are possible, grapes in winter are especially vulnerable and need to be covered in order to prevent damage and destruction of the bushes.
Preparation of grapes for winter is carried out in two ways:
- The shrub is cut in half, both halves are tied with twine and laid on the ground covered with polyethylene. On top of the set arcuate overlap, covered with a film. Vine should not come into contact with the upper cover, otherwise the shoots may form burns.
- The vine is also laid and sprinkled on top of a layer of earth, forming a mound on the surface. In severe frosts, you can additionally cover with straw, dry leaves or snow.
The Vine of Helios is frost-resistant, but if it is possible at extremely low temperatures, it should be covered for the winter.
Proper pruning is the key to a good harvest. Since the variety is often heavily loaded, pruning activities should be carried out annually. For proper distribution of the load on the vine, the presence of no more than 35 eyes is permissible, and pruning is done on 6-8 eyes.
For normal development and a bountiful harvest, Helios needs additional fertilizer. Mineral supplements are made annually, and organic every 2-3 years. All fertilizer measures should be combined with irrigation for better penetration and distribution in the soil.
Having opened the grapes after wintering, the earth needs to be enriched with nitrogen, for this purpose ammonium nitrate is used. This dressing provides strength for plant growth and the development of healthy vines.
Before and after flowering, phosphorus and potassium are introduced in the form of superphosphate and potassium salt, which has a beneficial effect on the formation of a high-quality crop.
As organic matter, humus, peat or compost can be used.
Description. Variety Helios has a strong immunity to fungi, but protective preventive measures are not superfluous. When the shoots reach a length of 20 cm, the bushes are treated with a one-percent solution of Bordeaux mixture or fungicides .. Protective measures are carried out before and after flowering, and, if necessary, repeated.
If you follow the agrotechnical procedures, then the grapes will grow, and after 3-4 years they will be pleased with a high and stable harvest.
Taste characteristics and spectacular presentation of the "Helios" berries, according to reviews of winegrowers, deserve attention and are unlike the parental pair. Along with this, the hybrid is perfectly preserved on a bush or in a cool place, transported and sold.
What kind is it?
Its second name is Arcadia pink. Hybrid table subspecies of pink grapes. Pink grapes also include Angelica, Gurzufsky pink, Dubovsky pink.
The ripening period is early: the berry is ready for removal by early August, but farmers are advised to let it hang until the autumn, so that it can pick up sugar.
Most of all they love him fresh for an unusually pleasant and fragrant taste - rich nutmeg with hints of fruit, strawberries and roses.
For fences and arbours are also suitable Supaga, Shahin Iran, Zagrava.
Helios Grape: variety description
The bush is distinguished by its great strength, its clusters are large (they can reach a weight of one and a half kilos), moderately dense, cylindro-cone-shaped. By pea not inclined.
Such varieties as Aleshenkin Dar, Zest, Victoria are not susceptible to peas.
Berry large (13-14g), oval, light red color. The skin is dense, medium thickness, edible. Flower androgynous.
Inside the berries are one or two full seeds. Pulp fleshy, juicy, with a rich nutmeg flavor.
Shoots golden brown with dark red knots. Leaves large, dark green, strongly cut. Peduncle dense, light green.
Pictorial photos of the Helios grape variety:
Aging shoots, rooting cuttings, as well as liveability with rootstocks are good. High resistance to rot, oidium and mildew, phylloxera, wasps. True, heat-loving - its limit is 23-24 degrees Celsius.
For the winter, be sure to cover. Requires additional care - thinning, watering, fertilizing. Very fruitful.
Crop is 6-8 eyes, the norm is up to 40 per bush. Does not like spring frosts. Sugar content - up to 22%, acidity level - 6-8 g / l.
Diseases and pests
Wasps do not take this grape, but people have yet to withdraw a form that is not afraid of birds. Therefore, it is necessary to take measures - to install a net fence around the vineyard, which would not allow the birds to the berries. It must be tough and durable rope nets are not suitable for this - you also need to protect the grapes, and not to collect tangled and dead birds. Let it be better to peck caterpillars and other pests.
Another equally serious enemy is grape pruritus or felt mite. This eats literally everything that it sees - grape shoots, leaves, inflorescences, ovaries.
Bacterial cancer. Rarely, but still, this disease can affect Helios. Against him, funds have not yet been invented - or rather, invented, but are in the experimental stage. May be affected by anthracnose and chlorosis.
Therefore, it is necessary to take care of the grapes, “treat” with mineral fertilizers, water and not injure the bushes. There is only one road to the diseased parts - the ripping and the bonfire.
It is a pity, but it is better to sacrifice a bush than a whole vineyard, since this attack spreads very quickly and it is impossible to stop it with anything else.
As you can see, Helios does not require complex care, and the benefits from it are incomparably greater - neither frost nor fungal diseases, nor even wasps are terrible to him. This grape is good for both experienced and novice gardeners who want to have something "on their lot" on their lot, but are afraid that they will not cope due to lack of experience.
For novice winegrowers also fit Anyuta, Valery Voevoda, Romeo.
Helios grapes can be grown both in the southern regions of our country and in the central regions of Russia. It is valued not only for high yield, but also for resistance to most diseases characteristic of grapes, as well as for the possibility of transportation over long distances.
The grapes are pink, belonging to the early varieties. Its ripening period does not exceed one hundred and twenty days. Harvesting is carried out in early August. More than six kilograms of grapes are removed from one bush.
Grape Helios: description
This hybrid has attractive characteristics that are inherited from the best parental fruits. The grape variety Helios forms high, vigorous bushes with well-developed shoots. Blooming bisexual. Regardless of weather factors, pollination is always good. Productivity is consistently high.
The characteristics of this grape are good rooting of cuttings, a high level of ripening of shoots, compatibility with rootstocks. Vines develop actively, so the branches have an impressive height and occupy a fairly large space. The vines and trunk are brown in color, on the young shoots it is lighter, and on the nodules it has a burgundy shade.
The leaves are large, round shape, painted in dark green. Well pronounced division into blades. The advantage of the variety are bisexual inflorescences, which greatly simplify the process of pollination.
Helios grapes pleases gardeners with large clusters of medium density, which have a standard cylindrical shape. One brush can reach 1.5 kg, but the average weight ranges from 600 to 900 grams. Due to the fact that the variety has a massive bush, the plant can be well loaded.
Bright clusters of beautiful pink color are an ornament of any vineyard. The fruits of this variety have good taste and excellent presentation. The berries are large - 3,5x2 cm, weighing 16 g. They are oval in shape and are painted in pale pink color. By the end of ripening berries get a reddish tint.
The flesh is soft, juicy, watery. There may be 2-3 medium-sized seeds inside the berry. On top of the fruit covers a thin peel with a thin layer of natural wax, which does not affect their taste. The grape Helios has a pleasant taste with a nutmeg flavor.
Fruits have a high degree of sugar accumulation. That is why many experienced growers overexpose clusters on the vine, thus increasing the level of sugar content. Berries for a long time not showered and not cracked.
Helios is resistant to most diseases characteristic of grapes: oidium, rot, mildew. Although the variety has a high degree of sugar accumulation, it does not attract any wasps or birds, which usually harm fruits. This is because the berries are not prone to cracking.
Selection of seedlings
First of all, you should pay attention to the root system of the young plant, which should be healthy and well developed. It is desirable that the shoots do not have kinks, green, with no traces of rot and other diseases. The recommended length of the shoots is 20-22 cm, they are painted in a saturated green color.
Before planting, remove lateral sprouts and lower the roots into the solution to stimulate root formation for a day.
Perhaps one of the drawbacks of this variety is its fastidiousness to the ground. This variety will actively develop and bear fruit only on fertile soils. Planting pits are digging at a distance of three meters from each other. The depth must be at least 80 cm.
It is necessary to clearly distinguish between two layers of soil. The first layer of earth that you dug out of the pit is mixed with humus, potassium salt, superphosphate. Then, the resulting mixture of soil and fertilizer is poured back into the pit with a layer of about 35 cm and carefully tamped. The root system of the young plant is placed on this layer. It is well straightened and sprinkled with a second layer of soil. The soil is well compacted again.
About each seedling must be left hole with a diameter of fifty-five centimeters. After planting, each plant is watered at the rate of 25 liters of water per 1 m². Then the soil must be loosened, and the hole is mulched. Together with the seedling, a garter peg is placed in the hole, which will support and protect the root system from subsidence. Some growers recommend mulching the soil around a young plant with a layer of sawdust - this will protect the soil from drying out.
The pink Helios grape requires a careful approach to watering, since excessive moisture can lead to lower yields. In spring, when the air temperature does not fall below 0 ° C, the plant should be watered well. At subzero temperatures this can not be done, because the water will freeze and destroy the root system of the plant. After pruning, the bushes are watered very abundantly: up to thirty liters of water per square meter of soil.
Today, many gardeners grow Helios grapes. Reviews about him are different. Winegrowers believe that this variety has both undeniable advantages and disadvantages. Not everyone likes the taste of berries - some gardeners find it not sweet enough. But this, of course, is a subjective opinion.
There are claims to the appearance of bunches - some grape connoisseurs think that they look rustic against the background of other hybrid table grapes. However, without exception, gardeners point out the indisputable advantages of this variety. Berries after the rains do not burst even in the period of full ripening. Attracts the possibility of transporting ripe crop over long distances while maintaining its presentation. Helios grapes are mainly consumed fresh, but the qualities of this variety allow you to make jams, juices and wine from it.
History of breeding, description and characteristics of the grape variety Helios
The grape of Helios was included in the State Register in 2015, and it was obtained by crossing Arcadia with the sulky variety Nakhodka. This is a variety of the famous Russian amateur breeder V.N. Kraynov. All varieties created by him in the city of Novocherkassk, and there are more than forty of them, are distinguished by good resistance to adverse climatic conditions and most diseases. Практически все сорта В. Н. Крайнова плодоносят крупными ягодами и получают от виноградарей исключительно положительные отзывы.
Аркадия — прекрасный столовый сорт, хорошо известный большинству виноградарей
Helios belong to the varieties of super early ripening, the first ripe clusters can be cut off in the first days of August. However, over time, the berries gain more sugar and reach full maturity closer to September: they need 110–115 days to be fully prepared. Officially, Helios is recommended for regions with a mild climate, but in a covering culture it is also successfully grown in central Russia.
Bushes are medium in size, with large leaves of the usual form of emerald color. The maturity of young shoots in normal years is close to 100%. Reproduction is trouble-free: both the degree of rooting of the cuttings and their success in grafting on most well-known stocks are high. Bisexual flowers: pollinators of other varieties are not required to Helios. The yield is annual and high.
The bushes at Helios are not very large, but the load can withstand solid
Frost-resistance at the level of the majority of modern grape varieties: without shelter, the vine can withstand a cold snap down to -23 o C. However, it is noted its weak resistance to returnable spring frosts: often the grapes bloom at this time, which leads to a significant reduction in yield. Disease resistance at an average level. Additional positive quality can be considered weak damage to berries wasps and hornets.
The variety cannot be considered non-capricious: it does not require anything special from the host, but care must be complete. Without a sufficient amount of fertilizer Helios grows poorly and poorly fruiting, and requires qualified formative pruning.
The clusters are large, conical in shape, weighing half a kilogram and above. With good care on the bush necessarily meet several copies weighing from 1 to 1.5 kg. Packaging of berries in clusters is medium. The number of "peas" in clusters is minimal. Transportability of the harvest can not be considered excellent, but it is stored well in the refrigerator.
The berries are pink, ovoid, very large, about 3.5 cm long, weighing up to 15 g. However, the juice, the amount of which is quite large, is not colored at all. The content of both sugars and acids in the juice is low: 15% and 5.5 g / l, respectively. The flesh is fleshy, very tasty, with a slight nutmeg aroma. Sunflower seeds (1-2 pieces per berry) are medium in size, the skin is dense.
Of course, the pink color - an amateur, but the berries look appetizing
Helios is considered a table variety, but it is also suitable for various types of processing. It makes good compotes, jams, and delicious juice. However, the variety cannot be considered optimal for winemaking: although the amateurs prepare wines from it, they are not of very high quality, which, in fact, is characteristic of the white variety of Arcadia.
The author of this article has tried many times to make good wine from Arcadia, which annually brings at least 30 buckets of berries from three bushes: you can't eat as much! He did the same thing as with Isabella (with whom there are never any problems), and changing modes ... No, not that! And imagining that a similar situation will be with Helios ... No, delicious berries should be eaten fresh!
Features of planting and cultivating the grape variety Helios
Agrotechnica grape Helios does not have any significant features, but all the necessary measures for the care of them should be carried out clearly and without exception. Like any other grape, it likes well-lit areas, protected from cold winds. It is desirable that the wall of the house or a high deaf fence protect it from the north side. You can either buy a seedling of Arcadia pink, or grow it yourself from a cutting: the variety takes root easily.
When buying a seedling, you need to carefully watch so that it has healthy roots. Before planting, seedlings are soaked in the water for a day. You can plant grapes in the fall, but more reliably - in spring, at the end of April. For spring planting, a pit is prepared in the fall, after having previously dug up a plot of several square meters with fertilizers, at the same time removing perennial weeds. The pit is being prepared large, despite the fact that the bushes at Helios are of medium height. The minimum dimensions are 80 cm in diameter and depth.
Drainage at the bottom of the pit (a layer of gravel or broken brick) is necessary on any soil. Over the drainage it is necessary to put a layer of fertilizer mixed with soil removed from the pit, and in this layer, which occupies a little more than half of the pit, there must be more organic fertilizer (compost, humus) than earth. In addition to humus, make a couple of liters of wood ash and 300-400 g nitrophoska. And in the upper part of the pit, where the young roots will be located, only pure fertile soil is placed.
On any soil, except sand, to the bottom of the pit it is necessary to carry a piece of thick pipe. Through it, the first 2-3 years water the sapling roots. In addition, immediately it is worthwhile to build at least a strong number for tying shoots in the first year, and it is better to immediately produce a trellis. When spring planting, the sapling is buried deep, leaving only two buds on the surface. Carefully watering the seedling, mulch the soil around it.
Only one kidney can be brought to the surface: all the same, in the first year it is necessary to preserve and grow a single shoot.
Caring for grapes includes watering, feeding, pruning, preventive treatment, shelter for the winter. Everything except pruning is done very simply, but the art of pruning can and must be learned. Watering is carried out moderate, frequent and abundant is required only in the most arid regions. Especially great is the need for water during the growth of berries, but from the middle of summer watering should be stopped: berries should gain sugar and get a real taste: after all, many tasters rate it at 9 points! In addition, podzimny irrigation is obligatory, especially in dry autumn.
Helios is fed mostly with ashes, sealing each spring with at least a two-liter jar under each bush. After a year, one and a half to two buckets of humus or compost are added to the ashes. It is necessary to conduct and foliar fertilizing by spraying the leaves. Immediately before the beginning of flowering and upon its completion, weak solutions of complete mineral fertilizers are used, and after another two weeks the nitrogen component is excluded.
Helios has an average immunity to most diseases, so double prophylactic treatment is necessary.. After the early spring disclosure of the bushes, the vine is sprayed with a solution of ferrous sulfate, and at the moment the bud starts blooming, Bordeaux liquid is used. If signs of disease appear, it is necessary to use more serious drugs, for example, Strobe and Topaz. Norms and techniques for the preparation and use of solutions must be strictly followed: all this is written on the packaging of drugs.
In early spring, before the start of sap flow, cosmetic trimming is carried out. At this time, only obviously lost shoots are removed. It is much safer to cut Helios in late autumn, after the leaves fall. The main intensity of pruning work is done in the summer, when at each visit to the bushes inspect them for the appearance of unnecessary green shoots. They are removed until they are very small. In addition, it is necessary to rationalize the crop, removing the extra clusters immediately after flowering and the germination of berries. At each shoot, we have to leave no more than two or three clusters, although the bush tries to “pull out” and more. In the final autumn pruning, only 6–8 buds are left on the shoots. The total load on the bush should be no more than 35-40 holes.
Timely carrying out green operations does not allow the bush to waste nutrients and facilitates autumn pruning
Before the onset of frost (closer to the beginning of November) all the vines must be removed from the trellis, it is convenient to spread out on the ground and cover with any suitable materials. In the middle lane there is enough dry foliage of the trees, and better - spruce or pine spruce branches.
When sheltering bushes, the poisoned bait for rodents, who like to eat the bark in winter, should be laid out next to it.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety in comparison with similar ones
If you compare Helios with his "mother" - the usual Arcadia, it turns out that in most characteristics they are similar. True, some lovers of grapes do not really like the color of the berries of muffled pink tones. Apparently, it is necessary to agree with the fact that the classic white color looks stricter. But Helios has ripened much earlier, although it comes to full ripeness at about the same time as Arcadia. But from the point of view of complete readiness of grapes for use in record time, in recent years, many other varieties have appeared, including those with more beautiful berries.
Nevertheless, trying to make lists of the pros and cons of the variety, we have to admit that there is only one obvious disadvantage: this variety is extremely demanding to carefully follow all the rules of agricultural engineering, otherwise it will get sick and will not bear fruit well. Can this be considered a disadvantage? Apparently, yes, because because of this, it is difficult to recommend the variety to summer gardeners.
The undoubted advantages include the following positive qualities:
- tastes great berries,
- early, though extended, maturation,
- stable high yields
- minimal susceptibility of wasps,
- the absence of "peas" in clusters,
- high commercial quality of the crop,
- good immunity to most grape diseases,
- easy reproduction.
According to these characteristics, Helios grapes can be classified as one of the best table grapes of early ripening.
I had the first Helios berries on the graft. The size and shape of the berries just surprised me. The berries are dense, crunchy, although not yet found nutmeg.
My Helios, the wasp does not touch, does not crack, the brushes are beautiful up to 2 kg. Pull the load, more rest. I have not eaten a single brush, I do not really. I'm not going to tidy up, people like the taste, and decorates the showcase, even some of them came specially for it. The taste and color of the comrades do not.
Our Helios is a very powerful bush. Clusters at first were nondescript. For a very long time they were in the “green pea” stage, and closer to the middle of August suddenly they suddenly began pouring berries, catching up to Three Krainov! The first fruiting, immediately pulled a good load, I do not remember exactly, but there were about five large clusters ... Sustainability is an excellent, absolutely not problematic variety! Very beautiful - hot pink large berries immediately attract attention. But ... Maybe I'm already "spoiled", but to taste - nothing special ... Yes, and the skin, as for me rather dense ... IMHO This bunch weighed 3,765, just one fit in the box, bought it without even trying, confirming that many "Buy eyes"!
The signaling heels of Helios matured at the same time as Arcadia. True, he gave them in the third year of planting Zelenka (as well as Aladdin). He left two brushes of one kilogram each. Perfectly pulled out, drove powerful vines, well ripened. The berries are large, beautiful, good taste.
I Helios first fruiting. When planted - did not advise. But, I was pleasantly surprised. There are no illnesses, vigorous, three hands left. They grew by leaps and bounds. Now such cute Gronochka. The berry is large, clean, without pea. True, not yet painted, but already sweet. I thought to re-vaccine, now let it grow.
The grapes Helios (Arkady Rose), subject to careful observance of the rules of cultivation, give high yields of berries of excellent quality, which is successfully used by professional growers who grow berries for sale. However, a certain capriciousness of the variety does not allow one to say that it can be planted at any summer cottage: for beginning gardeners there are a lot of other varieties that are simpler to maintain.
History of growing grapes Helios
The well-known Russian amateur originator of grape varieties V.N. Krainov, inspired by the successes of the selection work of I. A. Kostrikina and fascinated by its trends, in 1995 conducted his first experiments on the crossing of different types of vines in order to produce hybrids with seedless or pink-colored berries. The new hybrid had to be so high-quality as to meet the most demanding criteria of the grape market.
It was thanks to the painstaking work of the breeder, who selected only about 50 prospective hybrids from hundreds of seedlings, and the table grape Helios was created. Arkady and Nakhodka, a sushi, served as a parent pair, hence the second name of the variety - Arkady Rosy.
Helios, like other hybrids of V.N. Kraynov, has already managed to win the love of many winegrowers and register in the southern and central regions of the former Soviet Union, displacing traditional varieties of predecessors.
Helios is called one of the best early ripening grapes (110–120 days). Bisexual flowers are able to pollinate even on cool spring days. On a strong-growing bush, brown shoots with burgundy nodules are cast in gold, like arrows of the sun god Helios.
Pyramids of large clusters, reaching a weight of 1.5 kg, flaunted between large dark green leaves. The elongated-oval berries gleam either pink, then magenta, or golden. Each berry weighing up to 15 g contains 1–2 seeds. Attracts in them a juicy and rather sweet flesh with nutmeg aftertaste, a watery consistency. The skin of berries of medium density, is not prone to cracking and attack of wasps. With proper care, the yield per bush reaches 7 kg.
Large brushes of grapes Helios reach a weight of 1.5 kg
Young shoots have time to mature before winter, so the cold weather is not terrible to -23 ° C. In areas with more frosty winters, Helios requires shelter. The name of the hybrid corresponds to its tendency to heat and light. At temperatures below 23–24 ° C, the berries do not have time to fully ripen and gain sugar content.
Helios is moderately resistant to oidium, mildew and phylloxera. The hybrid will not be distinguished by stable and abundant fruiting without the appropriate formative pruning, necessary irrigation and fertilizing, other agrotechnical measures for the care.
Winegrowers value the variety for ease of reproduction both by cuttings and grafting on any stock. Due to the high level of storage during transportation and the excellent appearance of bunches, Helios is grown for industrial purposes.
Features of planting and cultivation of grapes Helios
To succeed in growing Helios, it is necessary to take into account some of the nuances of planting and culture requirements for care.
Landing is carried out in the autumn and spring. The bush of Helios is powerful and tall, therefore it requires a lot of space for growth. Usually between the bushes leave 3 m.
Helios seedlings will take root well in light, fertile soil heated to 10 ° C. For planting, healthy seedlings are taken, with a good root system and a ripe green shoot of at least 20 cm. If the escape is not one, the weaker ones are ruthlessly removed. The side roots are usually shortened to 15 cm, and 4-5 strong buds are left on the vine.
Up to 5 buds can be left on the sprout of a Helios seedling
It is better to take root and go faster in the growth of grape saplings, soaked the day before planting in growth stimulants Humate potassium, Kornevin, Heteroauxin according to the instructions. A solution of honey (1 tbsp. L / 1 l of water) serves as a natural and safe coater.
After preparing the seedlings proceed directly to planting. The most difficult and time-consuming procedure is to dig a deep hole.
- Dig a hole 80 cm deep and with the same diameter. At the same time lay out the soil on two piles: from the upper and lower layers. If the pit is square, use the scheme 70x70x70. The shape of the pit is not significant.
- Drainage is made by pouring 10 cm gravel on the bottom of the pit. For 10 cm from the pit on the south side, install a pipe about 1 m high and 5–6 cm in diameter for irrigation (10 cm of the pipe should be above the surface). The drainage layer is compacted.
Water from the irrigation pipe goes directly to the roots, and excess moisture goes into the drainage layer.
Around the seedling leaves the depth of 10-15 cm and a radius of 30-40 cm
Some newcomers complain to a great depth of the pit and much easier to plant, not adhering to the recommendations. But it is a deep pit with nutrient content that will eventually provide reliable protection of the root system of grapes from severe frosts, and the fertilizer will feed the bush for many years. If the planting is done without a drainage pipe, the cushion is not made of rubble.
In the spring it is recommended to make 2 watering:
- The first time spring watering is carried out when the leaves have not yet blossomed, and the night temperature is above 0 ° C. At the same time use warm water (5 buckets under the plant), which contributes to the awakening of a sleeping bush.
- The second time drink moisture grapes should be immediately after pruning.
In the future, Helios watered moderately, but regularly. Excessive moisture adversely affects the quality of the clusters. In dry weather, once a week, 2 buckets in the drain pipe is enough for a hybrid.
Watering in a drainage pipe is combined with liquid dressings.
Especially grapes require moisture in the active growing season:
- Before flowering.
- In the period of tying berries.
- When ripe grapes.
Поздней осенью почву в приствольных кругах обязательно заряжают влагой, внося в 2–3 раза больше воды, чем при обычном поливе. При осеннем влагозарядном увлажнении рекомендуют внести до 300 г золы под каждый куст.
Гелиос положительно реагирует на подкормки, как и любой сорт винограда. Поскольку в посадочной яме грунт питательный, достаточно будет подкормить куст жидкими растворами удобрений.
- Ранней весной, сразу после снятия укрытий, кусты удобряют жидким раствором аммонийной селитры, вливая его в дренажное отверстие (120г/10л).
- Until July, you can spend 2 fertilizing organic with irrigation. In the pipe pour in a bucket of a solution of mullein (1:10) or chicken droppings (1:20) infused during the week.
- For a better development of the grapes in the future, make two supplements with superphosphate and potassium salt (2 tablespoons of superphosphate and 1 tablespoon of potash salt to a bucket of water). One dressing is done after flowering, the second - before the berries ripen.
Top dressing organic combined with irrigation
Do not do liquid dressing at the time of coloring berries.
Shelter for the winter
In regions with cold, snowless winters, Helios Vine requires shelter in spite of frost resistance. Divided into 2 parts, the shoots of the bush are tied, laid on agrofibre or polyethylene, fixed with flexible wire. Further possible different options. It all depends on the availability of covering materials.
- Some gardeners spiked around the vines around the ground and cover the top with a simple slate.
- Many pull the covering material on the installed iron arcs so that the vine does not come into contact with polyethylene.
- The simplest shelter is a mound of 25–30 cm high ground, which can be covered with a thick layer of snow in the winter.
Under the film stretched on the arches, the grape bushes will winter well
Due to high yields often a strong overload of the bush. To prevent this, the necessary formative trimming is necessary. This procedure is done in early spring, when the buds have not yet blossomed. The bush of Helios maintains loading to 35 eyes. Therefore, no more than 6–8 buds are left on each fruiting vine.
When pruning, they form a fruit link consisting of two shoots: the crop of this year will ripen on the fruiting vine, and the replacement knot will produce vines next year.
Due to the moderate degree of Helios' resistance to fungal diseases, the vineyard needs regular preventive measures. Shrubs are treated twice - before and after flowering. Used for spraying fungicides:
- 1% bordeaux liquid,
- Ridomil Gold MC,
- Acrobat MC,
- Tiovit Jet.
Winegrowers in their reviews note the high yield of Helios, excellent market characteristics, resistance to disease. And the most flattering reviews deserved a beautiful brush with ripe berries.
Yes! Cool bunches and berries! I also looked at the description in nete and marveled.
http: //vinogradnaya-dolina.rf/forum/viewtopic.php? f = 6 & t = 102
Handsome and delicious! This year showed itself from the good side and in terms of disease resistance on our site.
The berries are dense, crunchy, although not yet found nutmeg. I hope next year to evaluate better.
Constantly caring for Helios, you will certainly be able to enjoy the result of hard work in the form of fragrant clusters of high quality. Good luck to you in growing this promising hybrid!
The grape "Helios" belongs to the varieties with an early ripening. The period from the beginning of budding to the ripening of the first grapes averages 110 days. The first harvest can be harvested in the first third of August, but many gardeners stand grapes until mid-September. Thanks to this solution, the grapes mature better in the sun, acquire a beautiful reddish tint and accumulate more sugar.
Productivity is high and makes 6-10 kg from one bush.
The advantage of the "Pink Arcadia" is its frost resistance. It is suitable for growing in regions with harsh winters. She is not able to harm the temperature drop to -23 0 C. Despite this, most professional growers recommend taking measures to protect against frost. They are mandatory for young saplings who may not survive the winter at all.
Helios needs such activities:
- Watering should be done during the flowering and fruit development,
- Fertilizer. Mineral substances are introduced 1 time per year in spring, and organic 2 times,
- Mulching (shelter ground) can be carried out as improvised means (sawdust, straw, etc.), and special means. This protects the soil from drying out and slows the germination of weeds,
- Shelter is carried out if winter frosts are expected below -20 0 С,
- Vineyard need several times per season to process fungicides, although many growers do without it. Such a measure will prevent the development of fungal diseases,
- Trimming is carried out annually in spring. The maximum allowable load on the bush is 35-38 eyes. In addition, regular pasynkovanie and pruning of leaves.