General information

What water plants for the pond is better to choose: features of the settlement of freshwater bodies

Before buying and “sharing” the colors in the reservoir, one should objectively evaluate its potential. For this we need to clarify several aspects:

  • origin: artificial or natural,
  • size and depth
  • coastal area
  • visibility of the pond (from which side it is viewed).

It would not be superfluous to draw your own “ideal reservoir”. This will help to harmoniously fit it into the surrounding landscape. After all, with the help of the decor, any pond can be made an alpine mountain spring or a tropical paradise lake. However, it should be remembered that plants that are accustomed to the local climate do not require special attention, and can safely spend the winter outdoors. Exotic species also need constant care and for the cold period they need to be carried into the room.

Aquatic plants are divided into five categories:

  1. Deep water - These are plants that are firmly fixed to the roots at the bottom, and their leaves float on the surface. In most cases, they have large bright inflorescences that attract the eye. In addition to the decorative function, they are a kind of "umbrellas" for the lake. They obscure, do not allow the sun to penetrate into the water column, thereby preventing excessive heating of the reservoir. Cool water prevents the development of algae, which helps keep the lake clean.
  2. Oxygenators. This species of aquatic grass dwells in depth and only occasionally appears on the surface. These are the “orderlies” of any open water space and without them the water will lose its transparency. They produce oxygen by absorbing carbon dioxide. And also destroy the algae, causing the flowering of water. If there is fish in the pond, then oxygenators are at the same time food and breeding grounds for it.
  3. Floating. The name speaks for itself. These "plants - travelers" do not need soil. They move freely on the surface of the water, protecting it from overheating, just like their deep-water counterparts. A huge plus of these species, that they do not require landing and very tenacious. It is enough to place them in water so that after a short period of time they feel at home. However, they multiply rapidly, and therefore require periodic thinning.
  4. Shallow or marsh. These fauna like very wet soil. Although some of this group grow well in flowerbeds, for example, iris and astilba. But in most cases they live on the transition of water to the land, therefore they are a link between these two ecosystems.
  5. Coastal. Such plants do not affect the life of the reservoir. They are only needed to give the lake a finished look. Therefore, do not underestimate their values ​​in aesthetic terms. Properly selected coastal plants emphasize the beauty of the pond.

Based on this classification, the pond should be inhabited by various species. Decorative residents and "orderlies" should closely coexist and complement each other.

Adding an article to a new collection

We offer you a selection of plants that can be planted in a pond or on the shore of a decorative pond.

Perhaps the artificial reservoirs on the site require unnecessary trouble from its owner, but, you see, there is nothing more calming than reading a book while sitting in a lounge chair overlooking a beautiful pond at the end of a hard day's work.

Of course, air ordinary, landed near the reservoir, you will not surprise anyone. What about calamus cereal? This species is smaller and lush, with more decorative foliage.

Air is completely unpretentious. It can be planted both near the reservoir, and partially immersed in water.

Monopod Swirler

Loosestrife is probably not the most obvious choice for an artificial reservoir on the site, because in fact it cannot be attributed to aquatic plants. However, this ground cover perennial loves wet areas, so it is perfect for landing along the coast.

Long creeping shoots with round coins of leaves of rich green color create a pleasant contrast against the background of dark wet stones. And during flowering the green mat is covered with bright yellow flowers.

The monobilline monocrat is completely unpretentious: you can put it and actually forget about its existence! It is frost-resistant, feels good near water.

By the way, this plant is edible. Herbal tea was brewed from it. Natural yellow dye was also obtained from the leaves.

False Iris

Is there anyone who is not happy with irises! These flowers are elegant and beautiful. Fortunately, the owners of ornamental ponds, there is a type of iris, which was created for planting in the coastal zone - false iris.

This bright yellow flower will bring a ray of sunshine into your near-water flower garden.

Black black taro, or taro, as it is often called, is an exotic water perennial. It can grow anywhere - just plant it in shallow water.

True, like all tropical plants, taro does not tolerate harsh winters, so in the fall the tubers are sent to storage in a wet basement or greenhouse.

The plants are poisonous! You should not plant it if there are small children in your garden.

A jug is a cute aquatic plant that not only decorates, but also cleans the body of water. If you are afraid that the water in your pond will bloom, plant a bowl there and assume that the problem has been solved.

Like many unpretentious plants, it grows pretty quickly. Therefore, overgrowths should be regularly thinned without sparing.

Learn more about growing this plant from our article:

Water lilies, or nymphs, are classic aquatic plants. Many gardeners decide to break an artificial reservoir on the site, if only to get water lilies at home.

These flowers are pleased with a variety of color options for inflorescences: among them there are white, and yellow, and pink, and orange, and green, and even blue and purple.

The lily is white, the tetrahedral water-lily, fragrant water-lily, the pure-white water-lily, the nymphae.

Lobelia purpurea

Purple lobelia, famous for its spectacular blood-red inflorescences, is often grown in aquariums, but it is also well suited for home gardens. It is believed that this plant tolerates frosts below –20-25 ° C.

Keep in mind that in nature this type of lobelia can grow up to 4 m. In addition, the plant is considered toxic.

Lobelia planted in the coastal zone of water bodies.

Forget-me-not marsh

All the forget-me-nots look charming, including the marsh forget-me-not. Despite the fact that it independently develops new territories, this can hardly be considered a big problem. Agree, the scattering of blue-blue beads of tiny inflorescences looks very attractive.

Forget-me-not marsh, as you might guess from its name, loves moisture, so it can be safely planted near the shore of the reservoir.

Piste often in everyday life is called water lettuce. It can be a decoration of any reservoir thanks to rosettes of leaves of lime color. It really looks like a floating cob of lettuce!

Despite the fact that the pista is a beautiful plant, you need an eye and an eye for it! It grows rapidly, actively absorbing water from the reservoir, resulting in waterlogging. Of course, only if you do not tame it in time.

Chinese farmers grow pista in fish ponds as feed for pigs. Therefore, this drawback has a useful side. If you keep a farm, it is possible to feed the excess water lettuce animals.

Pontederia

Pontederia is a very beautiful plant that will decorate your garden with brilliant heart-shaped leaves, and in late summer it will also decorate with beautiful panicles of inflorescences of white, lavender, blue shade.

The great advantage of this decorative perennial is that it is an excellent natural filter and is able to purify water and soil.

Pontederia planted to a depth of 5-10 cm below the surface of the water. In the mild climate, it winters well without any shelter, but in the middle lane it is likely to freeze.

Gardeners struggle with the low winter hardiness of this crop: they plant ponte-ria in large baskets-containers that do not constrain the horizontal rhizome, put them in water, and with the onset of cold weather they take it out and store it with other delicate aquatic plants.

The alternative is to grow ponte-ria in deep ponds and with the onset of autumn move the basket to a depth of at least 1-2 m, where the water does not freeze.

Horsetail (marsh, river, wintering) - a real find for gardening decorative ponds! Its main advantage is bamboo-like stalks that surround the pond with a spectacular green fence.

They plant it on the shore of the reservoir, but it is not terrible for him to even slightly dig into the water - in it the horsetail feels like in its element.

As popular wisdom says, beauty requires sacrifice. And in landscape design this is also true! Horsetail is decorative, but can behave like a real aggressor: at the end of summer, cut the stems to the ground itself to prevent the spread of spores. And do not be afraid to thin out the landing.

And you can boast the presence of a decorative pond on your site? Share a photo with us in the comments on this article!

Marshland

Marshland - It is also an aquatic plant that can be purchased for an ornamental pond, but deep-water and perennial. Large flowers are very similar to the flowering of cucumber. Swamp flower absolutely unpretentious. Planted in containers, which are then immersed in water. Pests and diseases of this perennial are not terrible.

Did you know?Marshlandit grows very quickly and strongly, so if you do not want it to push all inhabitants out of the pond, constantly monitor its growth and timely trim.

Wolfia - the smallest culture, which belongs to the family Lynx. A tiny creature is balls of green or brown color. It receives all the necessary mineral substances from water, therefore it does not need any additional feeding. The only thing you should pay attention to is that wolfia does not like stagnant water. You should regularly update the water or ensure its movement in the pond where the plant is grown.

There are several species of this plant from the genus Nymphaeaceae. The most common and popular is considered nugget yellow. This perennial blooms in May and blooms before the first cold weather. It categorically does not tolerate dirty water and even participates in the process of water purification itself. A nugget prevents the formation and spread of blue algae: where it grows, water never blooms.

Water lily,or nymphea - Many loved and familiar plant that is ideal for a reservoir in the country. Impressive are many types of water lilies: there are more than 5 dozen of them. Depending on the type, a depth suitable for planting is determined. Nymphaea feel comfortable in sunny areas.

Did you know?The largest flower plant in the world belongs to the genus Nymphaeae and is called "Victoria Amazon". Its huge flowers (35 cm in diameter) bloom only once a year at night, and their flowering lasts only 2 days.

Hornpaw

Hornpaw It is well known to fish lovers, as it is often used in aquariums, and this is no accident, since it is an oxygen generator. Also, the aquatic inhabitant prevents the growth of algae, which, in turn, ensures the purity of the water. This perennial can grow at great depths. The hornberry is best planted in the shady part of the pond. It differs in unusual appearance and the good speed of growth.

Important!A hornpaw can be not only an element of decor and an aid in the purification of a pond, but also become food for its underwater inhabitants.

Duckweed - A beautiful and well-known plant floating on the surface of the water. Loves sunny areas. The most important thing in its breeding is to discourage excessive population, as it grows very quickly. Duck absorbs carbon dioxide and saturates the reservoir with oxygen, helps in the natural cleansing of the reservoir. Surplus can be used for the manufacture of compost, as well as feed for animals and fish.

Urut refers to oxygen generators and is valued for its beneficial properties concerning the cleaning of the reservoir. Uruti floats on the surface of the water, sometimes rises 10-15 cm above it. Beautiful pinkish stems and feathery leaves will surely become an additional bright element of the dacha reservoir.

Important!Aquatic plants are able to disperse the sun's rays and thereby prevent the heating of water in the pond, and this, in turn, will help to avoid rapid contamination of the reservoir.

Such water plants - just a godsend for the pond. Absolutely unpretentious and not demanding on water temperature. Elodea also applies to oxygenerators.

Even the most unremarkable little pond can be made a bright addition to the summer cottage. With the help of a variety of species of aquatic plants, you can not only build unusual decorative compositions, but also control the purity of the reservoir and even feed its inhabitants.

Hybrid Waterlily (Nymphaea)

No other plant can compare with the beauty of a nymph or a water lily - one of the most beautiful aquatic plants. These are white wild-growing water lilies from natural ponds, and varietal nymphea with large flowers with a diameter of 15–20 cm in a wide variety of colors: white, pink, yellow, and crimson. Bloom in June-September.

Water lilies appeared on sale a few years ago, but still the beauty of aquatic plants is not inferior to anyone their palm. Water lilies give the pond a touching, nostalgic veil and fit perfectly into the design of the villa in the romantic style and in the modern style.


Hybrid Waterlily

It is interesting

In antiquity, blue nymphs, called the Egyptian blue rose, were decorated with sovereigns, religious buildings and dwellings in the land of the pharaohs. In ancient Greece, the water lily flower was a symbol of beauty and eloquence. There is a legend about nymphs who turned into a flower of white water lily and lured travelers to the bottom.


Water lilies in the pond

Among the Slavs, the water lily was endowed with mystical and healing powers. They called her overgrown grass and believed that she was able to overcome any evil spirits and illnesses. In addition, she helped travelers, softened the hearts of cruel beauties, endowed with talents.

On the hybrid water-lily on the site you can read more in the article Later bloom in the pond.

Common or marshland (Acorus calamus)

Aire forms spectacular groups of stems and xiphoid leaves that rise high above the water with a spicy, pleasant smell. The strict linearity of the plant will harmoniously fit into both the regular style of the villa and its landscape image. Supports and creates green or greenish-white (‘Variegatus’ form) gamma.

Decorative in any phase of development. It is recommended for registration of various reservoirs as a focal plant. By planting calamus, it is possible to provide the family not only with valuable food and medicinal raw materials, but also to keep the water in the reservoir clean.


Calamus swamp

Iris or Marsh Iris (Iris pseudacorus)

Very spectacular aquatic plant from the family of iris or Iris, forming quickly a group of succulent greens. During the flowering period, it brings its sunny joyous chords, proclaiming the triumph of life. It grows to a height of 90 cm, on one rhizome - 12-15 bright yellow flowers, blooming in late May - July. Sword-shaped leaves up to 120 cm long are decorative throughout the summer.


Iris iris or marsh. Photos from econet.ru

Calla marsh (Calla palustris)

Beautiful exotic aquatic plant from the aroid family, especially spectacular during the flowering period. Natural habitats are shallow waters along the banks of overgrown ponds. A thick, fleshy rhizome grows quickly, a plant in one summer can completely cover an area of ​​several square meters.

Its heart-shaped dark green shiny leaves are beautiful. Inflorescences with a white veil appear in May and June. By the end of the summer bright red fruits are formed. Suitable for reservoirs villas in the modern style. Flowers are used in the cut, they look very beautiful and majestically in bouquets, symbolizing freshness and purity.


Calla or calla marsh.Photos from econet.ru

Features of growing

Recommended for deep-water areas of the reservoir, when planting large plants at a depth of 50 cm or more, shallow ones - from 20 cm, preferably in a thick layer of organic sludge or on fertile heavy clay soil.

It is interesting

In antiquity, blue nymphs, called the Egyptian blue rose, were decorated with sovereigns, religious buildings and dwellings in the land of the pharaohs. In ancient Greece, the water lily flower was a symbol of beauty and eloquence. There is a legend about nymphs who turned into a flower of white water lily and lured travelers to the bottom.


Water lilies in the pond

Among the Slavs, the water lily was endowed with mystical and healing powers. They called her overgrown grass and believed that she was able to overcome any evil spirits and illnesses. In addition, she helped travelers, softened the hearts of cruel beauties, endowed with talents.

О кувшинке гибридной на сайте можно ещё прочитать в статье Позднее цветение в пруду.

Аир обыкновенный, или болотный (Acorus calamus)

Аир образует эффектные группы поднимающихся высоко над водой стеблей и листьев мечевидной формы с пряным, приятным запахом. Строгая линейность растения гармонично впишется как в регулярный стиль дачи, так и в пейзажный её образ. Поддерживает и создает зеленую или зеленовато-белую (форма ‘Variegatus’) гамму.

Decorative in any phase of development. It is recommended for registration of various reservoirs as a focal plant. By planting calamus, it is possible to provide the family not only with valuable food and medicinal raw materials, but also to keep the water in the reservoir clean.


Calamus swamp

Features of growing

Air is planted with immersion in water to a depth of 0.3-0.5 m or with planting in a marshy area, preferably on clay, but it is also possible on sandy soil, it is permissible - in containers (in winter the leaves are cut, leaving 10 cm above the water surface ). At one place grows long. With intensive growth, it is able to force out other types of plants, control of spread is required. The distance between plants is 50-70 cm.

It is interesting

Air, like a water lily, is also shrouded in legends and tales. It is believed that it was brought from the south during the Mongol-Tatar invasion. It was the eastern warriors who threw it into the reservoirs, and if the plants took root, then the water was considered clean and potable.

You can read about the marshland calamus on the site in the article Preparing and using calamus roots.

Iris or Marsh Iris (Iris pseudacorus)

Very spectacular aquatic plant from the family of iris or Iris, forming quickly a group of succulent greens. During the flowering period, it brings its sunny joyous chords, proclaiming the triumph of life. It grows to a height of 90 cm, on one rhizome - 12-15 bright yellow flowers, blooming in late May - July. Sword-shaped leaves up to 120 cm long are decorative throughout the summer.


Iris iris or marsh. Photos from econet.ru

Features of growing

Planted in shallow water. Requires control of the spread of rhizomes. It is better to plant in a container and annually remove shoots growing to the side. At the end of summer, all the leaves are cut off in order not to litter the shores and the bottom of the reservoir.

It is interesting

In the Middle Ages, the iris became a Christian symbol, personifying the sufferings of the Virgin Mary, and at the turn of the XIX-XX centuries. - one of the flowers of Art Nouveau style.

Calla marsh (Calla palustris)

Beautiful exotic aquatic plant from the aroid family, especially spectacular during the flowering period. Natural habitats are shallow waters along the banks of overgrown ponds. A thick, fleshy rhizome grows quickly, a plant in one summer can completely cover an area of ​​several square meters.

Its heart-shaped dark green shiny leaves are beautiful. Inflorescences with a white veil appear in May and June. By the end of the summer bright red fruits are formed. Suitable for reservoirs villas in the modern style. Flowers are used in the cut, they look very beautiful and majestically in bouquets, symbolizing freshness and purity.


Calla or calla marsh.Photos from econet.ru

Features of growing

The depth of planting calla 10-15 cm. Propagated by segments of rhizome. The leaves are pruned for winter. It is better to plant the calla in a container that is stored in the basement for the winter and stored until the onset of sustained spring warm weather.

In the southern regions of the ponds, a relative of the calla marsh, the Ethiopian calla, or the Ethiopian zantedeshia (Zantedeschia aethiopica). Provided that the tubers are dug out in the fall (they are stored at a temperature of +10. + 15 ° C) and the planting is not too fast (after the last spring frosts) in spring, this plant can be grown even in the waters of central Russia.

On the Black Sea coast of the Krasnodar Territory and the Southern Coast of Crimea, it is possible to leave zantedeshiyu to winter in open ground near water in secluded places of summer cottage, protected from the cold northern winds, covering it with leaves. Since May, Ethiopian calla blooms profusely for a long time.


Calla ethiopian

You can read about the calla on the website even this material: the Calla or marsh feces, and about the Ethiopian calle, its cultivation, varieties, and care - Calla is a beautiful Tropica in the garden.

Typha

All cattails are beautiful background perennials. They are recommended for creating spectacular thickets in large reservoirs, and in small ones they are planted in small groups or singly. Harvest in a reservoir of summer houses of landscape style harmoniously look. Their dense, dark brown buds with a velvety surface bloom in June-August.


Typha angustifolia

Lake Reed (Scirpus lacustris)

That "rustled reed". This large plant of the sedge family with a loose texture is better to decorate fairly large water bodies in mass groups. When gardening small ponds can be used in small groups, planted in containers to limit the area of ​​nutrition and, consequently, plant growth. The long stem grows up to 1-2 m high, and the leaves of the reeds are barely noticeable, narrow, small, located at the inflorescence-panicle.


Bulrush. Photo from swamp.osu.edu

Common reed (Phragmites communis, syn. P. australis)

The reed belongs to the family of bluegrass (so that the reed, and cattail, and reed belonging to different families, should not be confused). Reed is more suitable for decoration of large reservoirs in landscape-style dachas. It is decorative throughout its growth, and even dry plants in a frozen pond, covered with snow, fascinate with their beauty. Reduces water pollution with organic substances (oxygenator).


Reed ordinary. Photos from econet.ru

The reed has long, erect, bluish-green stalks, straws up to 3-4 m in height. The flowers in brown-purple spikelets-panicles are small, inconspicuous, bloom from July to autumn. In August-September, they turn into eye-catching silver-brownish fluffy sultans. There is a decorative variety of reed ‘Variegata’- up to 1 m high, leaves with golden yellow, later white border.

Umbrella (Butomus umbellatus)

Very elegant plant for registration of reservoirs, able to emphasize as a strict regular style of composition with its sword-like, long leaves, and naturally fit into the company of aquatic plants of the pond in landscape style. The height of the stems at susak 40-10 cm, pink-white flowers, collected in umbrellas, bloom in June and July.


Umbrella susak

Arrowhead arrowhead or ordinary (Sagittaria sagittifolia)

The arrowhead is one of the most beautiful water plants, it is distinguished by decorative leaves of various shapes (depending on their location) and white with dark purple or pink flowers in the racemes on trihedral stems. It blooms in July and August. Suitable for reservoirs cottages, made in different styles: both regular, landscape, and eclectic.


Arrowhead arrowhead

Planted lodge (Alisma plantago-aquatica)

This is an excellent decorative, in bloom - an openwork plant with a beautiful Latin name is excellent for decorating reservoirs in landscape or landscape style. Leaf rosettes look great along the coast. The stem with flowers reaches a height of 60-80 cm, flowers in a panicle small, white or pinkish, bloom in June-September.


On the right part of the plantain. Photos from econet.ru

Aquatic plants for the pond at the cottage

It is not enough that it attracts views, as a pond with skillfully thought out landscape design and its own ecosystem can do on its own, equipped with ornamental plants.

Even with a small pond, you can always enjoy the charm of its water coolness on a hot day, and skillfully selected green areas will delight your eye.

What plants for a reservoir exist?

Depending on the mode of growth, aquatic plants are separated as follows:

  1. as free-floating plants
  2. submerged in water
  3. coastal plants.

The former can float, both on the surface of the water surface and in its thickness, sinking a little. Such plants are not rooted to the ground.

The latter are held by their root system for the ground and can grow at different depths, as fully submerged, partially or located on the surface of the water.

And finally, third, it is plants growing on the shore, near the water, the plants are beneficially felt in overmoistened soil.

Such plants are placed in tiers, using a special container for this.

Free-floating plants for the pond at the cottage

These plants can float freely, either on the surface of the water or in a slightly submerged state and are not tied to the soil by the root system.

The depth of the reservoir for such plants is not critical.

These plants include:

  • Lemna (this plant requires special control over their systematic removal),
Duckweed
  • Azolla fern (also requires periodic removal),
Azolla fern
  • Pistia (water rose) is an aquatic plant, it is planted in the summer in a street pond with light green leaves. The roots of the plant are lowered by 0.3 meters below the surface of the water, the favorable water temperature is + 25 ° С,
Pistia (water rose)
  • Eichornia (water hyacinth) is a perennial floating plant with submerged leaves with bluish flowers. Since the plant is tropical, it does not tolerate cool weather and grows in an open reservoir from June to August. Top dressing eichornia is carried out once a month with fertilizers for aquarium plants.
Eichornia (water hyacinth)

1. Several young eichornia outlets are transferred to a warm, non-freezing aquarium located in a warm and bright room. So that the plant does not rot, it requires regular lighting at least 12 hours a day.

2. Pistia (water hyacinth) for the winter is transferred to a warm and illuminated aquarium (water temperature + 15 ° C).

Submerged and Coastal Plants

The most common among submerged coastal plants are the following plants:

  • Pygmaea dwarf water lilies (nymphs)

Their depth of their growth is 0.1 - 0.5 meters, they have flowers ranging in size from 5 to 15 cm.

Among the plants of this variety, such names as pygmaea alba, pygmaea helvola, pygmaea rubra, aurora, numphaea solfatare and others can be named.

Dwarf water lilies are planted in open ponds or pots with standing water, they are also light-requiring,

  • Lotus - is a perennial plant.

Germinated from seeds at the beginning of May in the bank, and after a couple of weeks, when sprouts and leaves appear, seedlings are planted in a container with drainage, the soil for them is used ordinary garden.

The lotus is a heat-loving plant, the ideal conditions for it are the bright sun and the water temperature above + 20 ° С. For convenience, it is better to grow in a container.

Lotus

  • Bulrush - the depth of growth ranges from 0.05 to 0.15 meters,
Reed
  • Calamus: calamus calamus - growing at a depth of 0.2 meters, calamus calamus at a depth of 0.05 to 0.15 meters,
Calamus swamp
  • Pontederia - grows to a depth of 0.15 meters,
Pontederia
  • The headrest is planted in a container (characteristic depth of growth is 0.1 meter),
Headgear
  • Trilineus watch grows at a depth of from 0.05 to 0.15 meters.
Watch trefoil
  1. AIR - requires transferring to wintering in an ice-free aquarium or a suitable container.
  2. Dwarf water lilies - need to be transferred for wintering in a dark, not freezing room.
  3. For Pontederia in winter, a cool room is well suited.
  4. The lotus in the container for the winter should be transferred to a warm, non-freezing place by placing it in a suitable container with water.

What you need to know when organizing planting plants around the pond?

First of all, it is important to know that for organizing the space around the reservoir there are many small things, the observance of which will help avoid unpleasant surprises and disappointments.

The following tips will help you greatly simplify the task on your chosen path:

  • Water temperature

The temperature of the water used in the pond, especially affects the immersed in the water and floating plants.

These plants will not like cold water (at least + 10 ° C), so if you use well water or spring water, take care in advance to create a sump where it could warm up to ambient temperature.

The main factor on which the purity of your pond depends is the soil; if water grows turbid in the pond, it usually happens because of the large amount of organic particles and clay in it.

It does not cause harm and over time suspended matter will settle on the stems of plants.

  • Water hardness and acidity

For some plants, indicators of hardness and acidity are key.

  • if the pond is filled with rainwater and soil enriched with organic matter, the water will be soft and sour,
  • the water in the old pond with the settled water will be less soft and sour,
  • the water in the pond, which has a cement bottom with the filling of limestone rubble, will be more rigid and have an alkaline reaction.

It is important to remember that algae cause water to bloom, spoiling the visual appeal of the pond. In combating this, shading the surface of the pond with plants will help.

  • Plant shading

A good ratio of the surface coverage of the pond with plants can be considered 1/3, that is, one third of its surface should be covered with floating plants, coastal plants do not count, only floating.

  • Water plant nutrition

Garden soil without fertilizer fertilization is well suited for feeding aquatic plants. The use of fresh manure and fertilizers is highly undesirable, as this will lead to water bloom.

On the contrary, it is possible to increase the nutritional value by adding old, rotted manure, or to complete bone meal.

Features of wintering aquatic plants

It must be remembered that small garden or dacha ponds, created by themselves on the basis of containers mounted in the ground, are freezing in winter.

In order to save the plants from freezing in winter, they must be transferred to wintering in specially prepared for this place, namely:

  • plants growing in baskets are moved to a warm room (basement or other non-freezing room), in a container with water, providing food for water,
  • free-floating plants are moved to a warm aquarium or other suitable container.

Planting Rules for Aquatic Plants

Consider the main points:

  1. The priority option for planting aquatic plants is container planting or mesh baskets.
  2. The most favorable period for planting aquatic plants: the end of spring - the beginning of summer.
  3. When preparing the soil for planting, you need to mix clay and peat in a proportion of 2/1, add fertilizer and mix, moisten with water.
  4. Pour the prepared soil to the bottom of the container (basket).
  5. Place the plant in the container (basket), after removing the dry and dead leaves and other parts from it.
  6. Spread out the root system of the plant, distributing it evenly throughout the container (basket).
  7. Carefully cover the plant to the root collar with soil and compact the soil around it well.
  8. Top of the soil to fill pebbles about a couple of centimeters high, then you can put a larger decorative stones.
  9. In order to make it convenient to lift or release the container (basket) into the pond, fasten a fishing line on it in 3-4 places.
  10. Carefully release the container (basket) into the water, so as not to disturb the plant and the soil, first do not lower the container (basket) deeply (bring the ends of the line to shore, decorating them for any object convenient for you).