Growing leafy lettuce in the winter on the windowsill is far from a dream, but a “luxury” that is quite accessible to everyone. A bit of space, a little care and high-quality seeds, this is the main guarantee of an excellent harvest.
What varieties can be grown on the windowsill
The range of varieties suitable for cultivation in greenhouses, greenhouses, as well as on window sills in the apartment and on the balconies is quite large. Among them, the greatest interest and love of customers won:
- Lollo rossa - Italian early variety, interesting not only in the red color of leaves, but also in a pleasant nutty taste. Cutting Lollo Ross lettuce is carried out several times.
Photo: Lollo-Rossa Salad Emerald Lace - an early ripe grade, differs in very bright color of leaves and the long period of vegetation.
Emerald Lace Salad New Year - early variety, ideal for growing in the winter, as it is shade tolerant. This salad in a pot on the windowsill can be grown on the northern windows.
New Year's salad for a balcony and window sill Lollo bionda - a very beautiful early cultivar that is well amenable to growing on window sills all year round, gives cabbages weighing up to 1 kg, and the foliage has a great openwork and a milder taste than Lollo Ross.
Lollo Bionda Leaf Salad Vitamin - it is good that, unlike other early varieties, it is not very sensitive to the length of daylight, so this salad can be planted on the balcony at any time.
Vitamin salad variety
Sowing rules and regulations
The first thing to do before planting is to examine the recommendations of the seed manufacturer on the package. This will help when choosing a pot, soil and light mode, temperature. For example, the depth of containers for planting lettuce on a windowsill ranges from 10 to 35 cm, so there is no general rule. However, without fail at the bottom of the pot should be a layer of drainage and holes for water flow. But the pallet can be used once for all containers.
Containers are placed on a windowsill or balcony closer to the source of lighting, and it is even better to hang a fitball over them, with which you can have a daylight period of at least 8 hours, or better than 10. So even in the most overcast winter weather you can get a great harvest.
Growing lettuce on the window sill of seeds is not difficult. In pots make grooves with a depth of 1 cm at a distance of at least 5 cm from each other. Seeds are laid pre-soaked for a day and disinfected with 1% potassium permanganate solution. After sowing, the soil is thoroughly moistened, covered with foil and left to germinate. Once a day, the film is opened for airing. And with the advent of shoots containers open at all, leaving it in the light.
The optimum temperature for most varieties in the range of +17 - +21 0 С. If the days are warm enough, you can open the windows for ventilation in the balcony or indoors. However, from the scorching sun, it is better to land a little priteny in order not to get ugly burns on the leaves.
Care of crops
To grow a salad at home on the windowsill, you need to carefully monitor its timely watering. The following principle works here. Watering is often necessary, but in no case should one allow acidification of the soil in a pot. It is usually watered once every 2 days, but in the morning it is advisable to spray the leaves from a spray bottle with clean water at room temperature.
With fertilizers you need to be very careful not to get greens rich in nitrates. Ideally, use under each planting fresh soil from a flower shop, which already has everything you need for a salad (for example, soil for violets). However, if a variety is chosen for growing a salad on a balcony, which can be cut for a long time, then once every 2 weeks it is worthwhile to add a small amount of humate fertilizer when watering.
Knowing how to grow a salad on the windowsill at home, it is important to remember about the correct assembly of greens. After the socket gains its maximum mass, the plant kicks out the arrow for flowering. This is considered a critical time for cutting. You should not expect this moment, since as aging leaves get hard.
The ripe head is cut off entirely, and a pot with the next “generation” is put in its place. If you want to extend the time of growth, then the leaves trickle gradually. This will extend the useful life of the plant for 1-2 weeks.
Features of growing cress salad
Many wonder whether it is possible to grow a salad on a windowsill with minimal effort. The best answer to it is cress salad. In any container up to 10 cm high they load the ground and sow the seeds. And you can do without the soil, replacing it with peat, hydrogel, cotton wool. Surprisingly, excellent shoots will grow in clean water with periodic additions of potash fertilizer in the minimum dosage. And yet the quality of greens grown in a pot with the earth will be higher. The term of getting the salad is minimal: 1.5-2 weeks.
Watch a video on how to grow vitamin-rich cress on a windowsill:
Now you know how to grow a salad on the windowsill. It remains to choose a variety and you can begin to acquire their own experience in this exciting business. Each year, seed companies offer more and more interesting hybrids, designed for those conditions that we can provide at home. Getting great results is getting easier and easier.
Growing parsley on the windowsill, especially care
How to grow strawberries on the windowsill or balcony all year round
History of growing watercress
Watercress has a long history. The first began to use it in food Persians, spreading the plant through the territory of Rome, Egypt and ancient Greece. Ancient healers believed that watercress leaves return dying people to life, and patients suffering from severe prolonged illness heal faster, fully restoring their health. Modern physicians and scientists agree with their colleagues from antiquity: the cress really has such an extensive range of useful substances that its regular use in food greatly enhances immunity.
Watercress is good not only fresh, but also as a seasoning for dishes
In Egypt, watercress was the favorite spice of the pharaohs, and the Persians began to use it for food long before the appearance of bread.
The first Europeans to evaluate watercress were the French and Germans (8th century). It is thanks to them that this plant has become popular throughout Europe. Now the cress is grown all 12 months in different countries of the world not only on an industrial scale, but also in domestic conditions - on a window sill.
Watercress on the windowsill is simple and practical.
In total there are three varieties of watercress: whole-leaf, curly, sowing. They differ from each other in ripening, leaf shape and taste.
Cress salad variety forms differ from each other in leaf shape
Whole leafy cress is ideal for growing in open ground. These are late-ripening varieties with a large horizontal rosette.
Table: Variety Form
Whole watercress has a spicy spicy taste.
Curly watercress - is a ripened plants, which have jagged leaves. The varieties belonging to this variety form are ideal for growing winter greens indoors.
Table: Curly variety form
Curly watercress grows fast and has a sharp mustard flavor.
Sowing watercress in the form of leaves is something between a whole leaf and a curly. The varieties have a large rosette, half raised, and the shape of the leaves is slightly dissected.
Watercress can be successfully grown not only in the beds, but also in the pot on the window. Planting, growing and care are so simple that any independent child can handle it.
Cress on the windowsill - it is not only useful, but also beautiful
Watercress is one of the most unpretentious plants that grow literally in any soil and even without it. "Window sill" gardeners grow this appetizing greens on the usual medical cotton or food paper napkins. Conducted experiments on growing plants in different conditions:
- land with water
- cotton wool
- just water
- cotton wool poured with water and sprinkled with earth.
Best of all the salad grew in the last planting mix.
Watercress grows on any soil and even without it.
In a normal medium-moist soil, the salad also grows well, but the soil needs to be bought at gardening stores. If you take the land from the garden, it is likely that it can be cruciferous flea eggs - thunderstorms of all plants belonging to the cabbage family. And the cress also applies to him.
If you plan to plant this plant in the garden, then choose the beds where potatoes, carrots, onions, garlic and other root crops were grown. It is impossible to watercress out after any cabbage cultures.
Seed preparation for planting
Planting any plant begins not only with the preparation of the soil, but also the seeds. In watercress, they are quite large, in appearance similar to mustard, but oblong.
Watercress seeds are large, so they are easy to sow.
In order for the cress seeds to quickly swell and hatch, they must be placed in any small container, filled with water, which should barely cover the planting material. In this state, they are left for 11-15 hours.
When is it better to sow watercress
In the conditions of an apartment the plant can be grown almost all year round. The best time for this is the cold months, because watercress refers to cold-loving plants, for which the optimum temperature is + 15 ° С. In summer, such conditions are difficult to provide. And at higher temperatures, the seedlings quickly stretch, turn pale and lie down.
Watercress belongs to the cold-loving plants and feels great at a temperature of + 15 ° C
In open ground, the seeds are sown either before winter or in early spring, as soon as the soil has thawed. Even the first, most gentle shoots of watercress are not afraid of frosts down to -5 ° C. He, like parsley, comes first in the garden. This is a fast-growing culture that grows and shoots (throws color). Therefore, in order to provide itself with a constantly fresh watercress, it is planted with regular seeding with a difference of two weeks.
Watercress in the garden appears one of the first
Growing up on a windowsill in the ground
The traditional cultivation of watercress in a flower pot is most common among lovers of this plant. Sowing seeds can begin in the second half of September. To this period, the sultry heat goes away and does not threaten the watercress with a quick stretching and lodging.
On the 12–14th day, fresh greens can be used as food.
An important point: the watercress does not like direct sunlight, so the place for its cultivation is to be found on the north side of the house. Best of all - a glassed-in balcony on the north side. Here, seedlings will feel good at all stages of development, up to harvest.
Scheme of cress landing in the ground:
- Soil mixture is better to buy already ready in the gardening shop. For watercress suitable ordinary land for growing seedlings. In this soil there are no weed seeds, it is nutritious and contains everything necessary for the active development of the plant.
- Seeds are poured with water so that it barely covers them, and left for 11 hours.
- Soil mixture for seedlings poured into a pot with a drain hole, slightly moisturize the ground (if necessary), then add a few tablespoons of water to the seed container.
When sowing cress into the ground, first moisten the soil with a spray bottle, then sprinkle the seeds over the surface
After a day there will be sprouts that do not require further shelter. Watercress grows literally on the eyes, but with regular watering. On the 12th or 14th day, the sprouts can already be cut with a knife or scissors and used for food. Seeds are not necessarily soaked in water, you can sow them dry, because they sprout beautifully, but in this case, the appearance of sprouts will move away by about a day.
Soaking cress seeds makes it possible to see the sprouts the day after sowing
Sowing watercress in any of the ways every 7-10 days, you will get a continuous green conveyor with the most delicate and piquant “vitamin bomb”.
Video: growing watercress without land
The main condition is a constantly wet base. If the seeds are not soaked, then they will grow unevenly. The best varieties for planting in a pot with the ground, and in the following substrates: Openwork, Fun, Curly, Danish.
Scheme of watercress planting in a bowl without soil:
- In a wide container, not less than 5 centimeters high, lay cotton wool (coconut fiber, sawdust or napkins) along the entire length and pour water on it so that the substrate is very wet - so if it were dipped into water and not squeezed. In this case plastic thin containers from confectionery goods well will approach.
Moisten the substrate so that water does not stand above the surface.
Seed dish needs to be covered with a film to create a microclimate
The collection of "window sill" harvest of watercress is best done using scissors
Gardeners who have a land plot can sow watercress in late autumn before the onset of sustained frosts. In this case, in the spring with the first thaw, the watercress will immediately begin to grow with strong and amicable shoots. This green is one of the first because it is not afraid of cold weather and frosty nights.
Watercress in the garden grows just as fast. as on the windowsill
In October, on a plot where any species of cabbage had not previously grown, cut the beds 1 cm deep and evenly sow the seeds. Then rake the soil. With the arrival of spring, the first crop is harvested and immediately sown the next. More than twenty days after the emergence of shoots watercress on the garden can not be left, because it outgrows and starts shooting.
If you plan to harvest your cress seeds, then one crop should be left untouched and left to ripen the seeds. When the seed boxes are formed, the plants are torn out with the roots, dried in a ventilated room, and then tied up with them, spreading out a cloth or oilcloth, where fully ripened seeds will fall.
The planting conveyor can be observed while the stable temperature of + 25 ° C is maintained outside and provided the soil is kept in a constant wet state.
Growing in a greenhouse
On the backyard plot, agressica cress in the greenhouse is not much different from planting in open ground. An important nuance for greenhouse planting is that they need to be aired regularly. By and large, the cultivation of watercress in a greenhouse is meaningless, because it grows well in the open field with the appearance of the first sun rays of the spring.
Growing watercress in a greenhouse is rational in an industrial environment.
Video: why watercress falls
Watercress is so unpretentious that it does not need any additional feeding. If he is able to actively and qualitatively grow on wet cotton even without adding soil, then you should not once again make any fertilizer on the bed, especially artificial. It is best to shed their soil (for open ground) before sowing seeds, and not during active growth of the plant. To do this, the following organic fertilizers are suitable: Biohumus, Biocompost, Gumi, Compostin.
In a transparent container, it is easy to control the growth of watercress and the moisture content of the soil beneath.
Watering is an important component of watercress farming. The soil should always be relatively wet. And it is necessary to monitor plantings on the windowsill more carefully, especially if the battery heats up below. Fill the ground in the garden or pot with the substrate is also impossible.
Regularity, systematicity, control - the main rules of irrigation, subject to which your watercress will develop well.
Healthy cress sprouts without fertilizers - its distinguishing feature
Watercress can infect only one pest - cruciferous flea. If this happens, and this is a rare phenomenon, in hot weather it is necessary to pollinate the plants with tobacco dust. In addition, cruciferous flea is very afraid of low temperatures, so you can spray the watercress with ice water - the pest will disappear.
Chemical means, the action of which is aimed at prolonged insect control, is dangerous to use due to the short growing season of watercress. It is difficult to wash off insecticides from a crop, especially from such a delicate plant. As a result, we will receive no benefit from it, but only harm.
Gardeners who grow watercress on a windowsill will never encounter cruciferous flea unless, of course, the backyard land has been used.
Cruciflo flea - the only pest of watercress
Quite accidentally stumbled in the store on the seeds of watercress. Before this, I had never heard of this kind of salad before, decided to try it and bought it. After reading the instructions, they did not even believe that they could ascend so quickly. В инструкции все подробно расписано, когда прорастают семена и что лучше садить в затенённое место… Посадив на участке данные семена, они дали всходы уже на третий день, а через полмесяца уже можно употреблять готовую зелень. Так как данная культура любит затенённость, то посадили мы её под деревом.It is advisable to cut the salad with scissors, the main thing is to remove it in time, because when the flowering begins, the plant is attacked by aphid. In general, the culture does not require special care, the only thing loves wet soil. Watercress is a real find for those who like to try fresh greens at the beginning of summer as quickly as possible. You can plant it in any month of summer, but probably better still at the end of May, when the earth is even more wet. Grow plants tall.
Last year, she bought several watercress sachets. I wanted to grow early greens in a pot on the windowsill. Sown in the ground, germination was very good, but it turned out very thick. I bought a super early watercress, so after 10 days you could already eat. Sprouts grew plump, sturdy, only we didn't like the taste, bitter taste, because of mustard oil. Perhaps not familiar to the amateur. Therefore, no longer sowed. Although the seeds still remain, it is possible to experiment once more. Not whimsical. You can grow without land: on cotton wool soaked in water, toilet paper.
When winter really wants greenery in the yard, I grow greens at home on the windowsill. I especially love watercress. It is the fastest ripening green crop, which is suitable for all-season cultivation. He is unpretentious, grows well, both in the garden and in the pot on the windowsill. The taste of the salad is sharp. Contains many vitamins and minerals.
I regularly grow watercress. And not only in the garden, but also at home on the windowsill (in winter). It is really very easy to grow. Harvest can be collected within two weeks after germination.
Watercress calmly endures cooling to 5 degrees. Soot sparsely and not in the shade. Once planted in the shade, so he was some kind of deadly. I know the taste, not everyone likes - a cross between horseradish and mustard. It feels that sharp. I tried to grow on the windowsill once. But I did not like. The taste is not the same.
My wife grows watercress in the winter on the windowsill, and in the spring in the open field. We are so used to it that we can’t live without it. Very useful, and most importantly in it almost the entire periodic table is.
As for me, even the watercress has a rather specific taste, but growing it is one of the few ways to provide yourself with greens that are useful and necessary for our body in the winter. All that is required is to ensure a low temperature (in apartments, the ideal growing place is a balcony) and sufficient lighting. Some advise fertilizing a salad, but it grows fine with me and without any fertilizer. The main thing is not to forget about watering, because watercress does not like dry soil.
Watercress is often called the "vitamin bomb." This amazing plant is easy to grow in the winter months on your window. After 14 days after planting, healthy sprouts with a pleasant mustard flavor can already be used as food. However, excessive consumption of lettuce leads to headaches and insomnia. Experts say that one-time consumption of a plant should not exceed 15 grams. With a moderate addition of watercress to the diet, winter avitaminosis can be easily avoided. .
Cress - growing in the garden
In the open ground, seeds of cold-resistant watercress are sown at the end of April. The soil is prepared in the same way as for ordinary salad. It is better to choose the site after beets, potatoes, in this case you can not apply fertilizer. Seeds are sown in rows every 20-25 cm to a depth of 0.5 cm at the rate of 5-7 g per 10 square meters. To create a conveyor of greenery, seeds are sown in several periods (before the onset of hot and dry weather) with an interval of about a week. At the end of the summer, crops are resumed.
After the emergence of seedlings to obtain large rosettes, the plants are thinned out, leaving between them 5-10 cm. Care for watercress: abundant watering, weeding and loosening between the rows. When grown outdoors, the crop is harvested at the beginning of the planting, about a month after the emergence of shoots, cutting off or pulling the entire rosette of leaves from the root.
Young bushes of cress of early ripening varieties are cut off after 15-25 days after germination.
FACT: When growing watercress, the substrate should always be slightly damp, but not wet. If the stems of young plants break or rot, then the soil is poured.
TIP: To get rid of the seed coat on the shoots of watercress, they can be lightly “combed” with a soft brush.
Watercress - growing at home, at the window plate
At home, seeds are sown in boxes, containers, pots filled with ready-made soil for seedlings only 2-3 cm thick. Watercress can be grown even in a shallow dish or a plate with mineral wool or foam rubber, or filled with soaked sawdust cool). Seeds are evenly distributed over the surface of the soil so that they hide it in one layer almost completely, lightly sprinkled. Then the tank is watered until the soil is completely wet. The growing season at watercress is small, so fertilizers are not added.
Cress salad care
The first 3-4 days of the capacity are kept in a dark place, after germination they are transferred to the light, but they do
diffuse lighting or even shading plants, because young shoots do not like direct sunlight.
Watercress requires a fairly large amount of moisture, otherwise the plants will shoot and grow tasteless. Therefore, it is watered every other day, but in small portions or sprayed from a spray bottle.
Harvest cress salad at any time of the year
It is possible to grow watercress before getting a rosette of leaves (like leaf mustard). However, most often it is eaten in the form of seedlings, which are distinguished by a more delicate flavor and contain a greater amount of nutrients. They are at a height of only 7-9 cm with scissors cut at the base. With 1 square meter you can get up to 1.5 kg of seedlings. They are eaten fresh, added to salads and sandwiches. Before the next sowing of watercress, the soil (substrate) in the containers is changed.
TIP: A young watercress is cut off with a whole shrub, because individually the leaves are not stored - they wilt quickly. You can extend the life of greenery, putting the bush in a container of water in the refrigerator.
Cress Salad: Useful Properties
Watercress improves digestion, stimulates appetite, normalizes metabolism and the gastrointestinal tract.
Drinking fresh watercress juice (2-3 tablespoons. 3 times a day) is useful for asthmatics, because it clears the bronchi and the respiratory tract, makes breathing easier, prevents asthmatic cough and asthma attacks.
Watercress is recommended for people who quit smoking regularly, because the flavonoids contained in it reduce craving for tobacco.
For problematic skin, masks from mashed watercress leaves are suitable (keep on face for about 10 minutes, then wash with cool water).
Types of watercress
The socket is small, with a diameter of up to 17 cm, raised or half-raised, the leaves are heavily rugged
Middle Early: Openwork, Curly, Curly Cress
Large horizontal rosette diameter or broadleaf 19-21 cm and a height of 5-6 cm. Leaves whole
Late-ripening: Dukat, Broadleaf and Full-leaved
Sowing or pinnately dissected
It occupies an intermediate position between the first two: the socket is half-raised, large, the leaves are cut slightly
Early Matters: Danish, Kurled. Fun, narrow-leaved
Cress - all year round
Watercress contains many vitamins iodine, iron and calcium, and it grows very quickly.
One of the earliest and most unpretentious green crops is watercress. It tastes like horseradish or mustard due to the presence of mustard oil in it. As a result, he received such names as horseradish, pepper, garden cress.
Most green cress can be obtained by sowing its seeds in August.
Curly. The most common and precocious. It has a small rosette of jagged leaves and a low stem, on which a spike-shaped inflorescence very quickly forms, and then - seeds. Known variety Openwork and new varieties Accord, Vitamin.
Broadleaf. It has a large rosette (19–20 cm in diameter) of wide, whole leaves, 5–6 cm high. It is mainly represented by late-ripening varieties. In particular, Dukat is one of the best varieties.
Sowing variety of watercress - intermediate variant between the previous two. The leaves are slightly dissected, collected in a raised large outlet. It is possible to distinguish the varieties Zabava, Kurled, Danish.
Watercress: seeding and care
Sow seeds in open ground since April - as soon as the soil allows. Watercress seeds germinate at a temperature of 6-8 ° C. It is necessary to sow to a depth of 0.5-1 cm, in rows, positioning in 20-35 cm. Then the plants are large and squat.
Watercress is very unpretentious in the care. Requires only weeding and regular watering.
After 2 weeks, you can already collect fresh greens. Then the salad is sown every 10-15 days.
Greens all year round
This culture can be grown on the windowsill throughout the year.
Watercress is undemanding to light, and the optimum temperature for germination is 7-15 ° C. It is important to ensure that it does not rise above 15 ° C, otherwise the growth of plants will stop.
The substrate should always be wet, but not very moist.
You can sow it in small bowls with a small amount of earth.
When plants reach a height of 10-12 cm, they are carefully cut with scissors. It is necessary to cut as much salad as you eat for a time - it is not stored for a long time. Watercress should be sown regularly - after about 5 days. Then you will always have fresh spicy greens on your table.
© Author: I. Malkin. Seversk. Tomsk region
Watercress is in high esteem
Lovers you watercress the way I love him? Get to know this plant closer!
Watercress has long been growing on our site. This green plant has branched stems.
and rosette leaf leaves, which are very useful fresh: they contain a lot of vitamins, protein, ascorbic acid, iron salts, calcium, potassium, iodine, minerals and even anti-carcinogens.
Add to taste savory leaves of this plant in food as a spice began in the Middle Ages. In Russia, cress, too, has long been valued, only called him a leash. Is it because it tastes like horseradish?
And it seems to me that it tastes more like mustard.
I like to cook salads with this pleasant spicy spice, add leaves to soups, meat and fish dishes, omelets and souffles.
I always have a separate garden bed for watercress. The plant is frost-resistant, so it can be planted at a temperature of 5 ° C.
For early sowing, always choose a cress sowing campaign, or curly, looks like parsley. Although I’ve heard that the large-leaved variety is also popular, I don’t plant it - it ripens quite late when a lot of other greens appear in the garden.
In a prepared garden, I make rows, sow seeds in them, then lightly sprinkle with earth.
Easy to care - sprout wall
I follow that the soil is always wet, so I water regularly, but moderately. As soon as the shoots appear, thin them out so that there is a distance of about 5 cm between the plants. Then the bushes are the most lush.
After 2-3 weeks after planting, tender leaves can already be cut and eaten.
Watercress: healing plant
Back in the time of Hippocrates, it was known about the ability of watercress to purify the blood and it is important
For gastritis, gastric ulcer and 12 duodenal ulcer, watercress is contraindicated.
human body. And in ancient Egypt, oil from its seeds was used to treat male impotence.
Modern research has also proven the nutritional and medicinal benefits of this interesting plant. Watercress juice improves digestion, lowers blood pressure, helps with insomnia, has a calming effect.
With hypovitaminosis and anemia, they drink it no 1 tsp. 3 times a day. As a diuretic and with cholelithiasis, watercress juice is taken 3 times a day and 1 tbsp. l while eating. With metabolic disorders - 100-200 ml of juice 2-3 times a day, adding 1 tbsp. l honey
Health delivery to the windowsill
If you do not have a kitchen garden, and you want to try this pleasant grass and such useful herb, grow it on the windowsill. Even an ordinary pallet is suitable for landing. Any soil and even a peat layer with a height of at least 3 cm is suitable as a substrate.
To seedlings support each other, the seeds need to be planted thickly. Spread the seeds over the soil surface. Moisten them and cover with plastic. As soon as the seeds are full, remove the film.
Do not forget to sprinkle the seedlings with warm water in a timely manner, and after a couple of weeks, the gentle greens of watercress can be cut and applied even for food, even for medicine.
If you put watercress every 2 weeks in a new container, you will provide yourself with a useful and savory spice for a long time.
© Author: A. SOBOLEV, Cand. agricultural sciences
Reviews and comments: 16
Does watercress have any healing properties? Veronica
Fresh cress juice has a diuretic, choleretic and anti-inflammatory effect. This determines
its use in cholelithiasis, to reduce blood pressure, improve digestion, and also as a preventive measure to prevent the development of cataracts.
To obtain the juice, the washed leaves of watercress are squeezed, scalded and passed through a meat grinder. The resulting juice is diluted with boiling water in a ratio of 1: 3 and boil for 3-5 minutes. Take it should be 1 tbsp. l 3 times a day with meals.
And the use of fresh watercress fills the body with iodine, normalizes sleep, removes toxins, relieves the condition of joint pain, reduces the risk of prostatitis in men.
Cress all winter
So that in the winter, fresh greens were always on hand, starting in October, once in 10-14 days I sow the seeds of watercress and mustard leaves. 7 cm deep tanks filled with a mixture of compost, garden soil and sawdust (1: 1: 1). Abundantly spill the separated water. Seeds sow thickly around, sprinkle with a thin layer of soil. Before the emergence of seedlings, I make sure that the earth does not dry out; I spray it with warm water 1-2 times a day. Then I water less often, but more abundantly. When the leaves reach a height of 5-10 cm, I cut them off, and I sow a new portion of seeds in the empty space.
I read somewhere that watercress was grown on felt 200 years ago. There were old boots in the house, so I decided to repeat the ancient method of obtaining useful greenery.
She cut off a rectangle of felt, laid it on a tray, poured, sowed seeds. Top covered with foil. Shoots appeared quickly. At first they developed well. But, as I later realized, watering was too frequent, and there was a smell of staleness.
The leaves began to turn yellow. My experiment failed. But I did not give up. Again cut a rectangle of felt and the same - from the foam. Cut through the holes in both materials. Put the felt on the foam, combining the grooves, filled them with cotton. Put this design on the pan, which poured water. Sown in each hole for seed. The second attempt was successful!
Unfortunately, not many gardeners grow this plant, but in vain. In the people his name is “horseradish”, “pryadnik”, “zherukha”, and the correct name is cress salad. Delicate leaves of watercress have a pleasant tart taste, reminiscent of the taste of horseradish. Weed can be eaten raw, putting on bread and butter, added to salads, sauces, gravy, seasoned with chopped greens boiled potatoes and eggs.
As a spice, it increases appetite, improves digestion.
It is a good vitamin and antiscorbutic. In addition, this grass sober drunk. No wonder the people say: "Eat a woman, so as not to grind nonsense."
Watercress is unpretentious, cold-resistant and fast-growing. When grown in a garden, it is sown in early spring, after 3-5 days there are friendly shoots, and after 10 days it can already be cut for salad. Without much trouble, you can grow watercress in a winter garden.
For sowing, only a 3 centimeter layer of soil is required. And you can do without the land at all - to grow greens on wet cardboard or foam rubber. Perfectly it will grow in flower pots planted in free space with houseplants. Cover seeds when sowing with a thin layer of earth. Water with warm water after 1-2 days. To make your salad always fresh and beautiful, water it by sprinkling, as if washing the leaves. 2 weeks after planting, the first harvest will be ready. Want to have a gentle, fresh greenery to the New Year's table - do not forget to sow watercress!
In addition to the usual parsley, dill and ordinary watercress, in my home garden, Moroccan cress has been growing for 2 winters. It is also called - Canary tongues, or Catalan salad. His leaves are large, curly, taste so rich that I chew greens with pleasure without refilling.
To harvest the crop as long as possible, I sow seeds in 2 doses at intervals of 20 days. At the bottom of the boxes I poured a layer of broken brick for drainage, on top - purchased soil for flowers. Кстати, меняю его каждый год, на истощенной земле вряд ли вырастет полезная зелень.
Семена обязательно смешиваю пополам с речным песком, чтобы всходы не были загущенными. Если все-таки зелень взошла щеткой, прореживаю ее. Розеткам, чтобы развернуться в полную силу, нужно пространство.
Посевы поливаю и накрываю ящик пленкой на 2 дня. Затем пленку снимаю. My windowsills are sunny, so additional lighting is not required. Watering by sprinkling - from the sprayer. In the conditions of a city apartment with overdried air, this is also useful for the salad, and for people.
watercress and very healthy fresh. That is just tore off - and immediately into the plate. Do you think this is only possible at the summer cottage? Not at all. Watercress can be grown in the winter in the apartment. I advise you to start preparing for vitaminization right now - to practice.
"Bed" is better placed on the windowsill, where there are no drafts, and the sun illuminates, but does not burn, that is, in the eastern or western part of the apartment. Ideally, it would be good to purchase a container for hydroponics. Although I took my first crop of watercress ... matchmakers!
At the bottom of the old ceramic baking mold (a plastic container for food will fit) I laid out 2 cm of cotton wool moistened with water. I poured the seeds into a glass, poured it with 1/2 volume of warm, settled water, shaken it and after 3 minutes. poured everything on cotton wool. Manually distributed the seeds evenly over the surface of the “cotton soil”. She covered the "bed" with polyethylene.
Seeds should roll about a day. After that, the film must be removed and then in time to water or spray the seedlings with warm water. Delicate greens can be cut off after 2 weeks.
Watercress is very useful, because in its young leaves contains a lot of iodine. Best of all, it grows in very wet places, even flooded. Young leaves have a nice savory taste, to me it is very vaguely reminiscent of horseradish. I prepare vitamin salad from watercress. To keep the leaves fresh for several days, gathering sockets from the bed, immerse them in any container with water. Cover and place in a cool place.
In order to always have fresh greens in the house, I sow watercress every 10-15 days. It is completely unpretentious, does not even require soil: its seeds can be sown even with cotton, a napkin or a piece of cloth (and of course, into the ground),
Watercress improves digestion, sleep, has a choleretic effect. Its greens contain a lot of calcium, phosphorus, iodine, magnesium, ascorbic acid, carotene, B vitamins, as well as mustard essential oil, which gives the leaves a spicy flavor.
pour water at room temperature, cover with foil - and within a few days shoots will appear. Then I take off the film, put the tank with crops closer to the sun, periodically water it. Add young shoots in salads.
Since November, I grow watercress. I fill any jar or other container with water, cover it with a piece of gauze or cotton fabric (so that it touches water a little), tie it around the neck with an elastic band and put cress salad seeds on the gauze. As soon as they germinate, I put the next jar - and then a continuous conveyor of greens (as it grows) turns out. You can not even wait until the real green leaves of watercress appear, and there are seedlings at any stage - they are very useful. The main thing is to make sure that the gauze does not dry out.
Unpretentious watercress grows on any soil. Its greens are a storehouse of vitamins, which are so necessary when the main cultures have already “moved away”.
I prefer to plant watercress in the fall. Before this, I fertilize the earth well: I make compost and mineral supplements. Sow salad in rows at a distance of 10-15 cm from each other. Seeds deepen by 0.5 -1 cm. On 1 square. m
I spend about 3 g. Lettuce grows in 3-5 days. There is almost no need to care for the salad, you just need to loosen the aisles, remove weeds and occasionally water. Cold plant tolerates calmly, you can not even cover it. And I tear off the first green leaves 1-2 weeks after landing.
Thank you for the information - I tried at home in the garden ...
The daily diet without fresh greens, I just can not imagine! Therefore, it was decided to grow greens right under the windows of the house.
Along the wall in a chain were arranged oblong wooden boxes. The husband filled them with soil fertilized with humus. I sowed there different types of greenery according to the scheme: one box - one culture. Watered landing right from the kitchen window.
We specially selected small boxes to make them easy to carry. During the day, they travel after the sun from one side of the house to the other.
When the greens grow, the portable bed not only provides the kitchen with the freshest greenery, but also serves as a decoration for the house.
Greens mostly freeze, because it preserves more vitamins, and it looks more attractive, while maintaining a bright green color. I wash the plants, finely cut them, fall asleep in a plastic bag, squeeze it tightly with my hands, letting out the air, fasten it and put it in the freezer. For salads, you can collect a mixture of onions, dill and parsley in one package - then you will not have to get each package separately. I add frozen greens to soups, salads, minced meat, sprinkle ready meals.
There are three ways to always have fresh greens. The first is to buy in the store, I don’t even consider it. The second is to grow greens from seeds, the third is forcing. The latter are both good, but still forcing is much easier.
In October, I dig up the roots of parsley and celery, as well as sorrel and rhubarb. I transfer them into pots and put them on the windowsill. And a week later I cut the greens!
Or like this: I dig several small root crops of beets and carrots, which I left to spend the winter in the garden. I cut the top, mine, put it in the fridge and when I want it, plant it in pots so that the tops remain above the soil surface. And in a week or two the whole family is chewing fresh multivitamin weed. After all, the beet tops of beets and carrots are not inferior in content of useful substances to traditional green crops.
And now the subtleties.
■ Soot carrots and beets tightly to each other.
■ The root neck of parsley and celery should be 2-3 cm above the soil level.
■ Delenki rhubarb and sorrel planted close to each other.
■ After planting root crops for distillation, I maintain a temperature of + 10 ... + 15 degrees in the room, until the appearance of greenery. A week later, I move the pots to a room with a temperature of up to + 20 ... + 25 degrees.
■ I water moderately, I maintain rather high humidity.
Mid-season cold-resistant leaf lettuce varieties Odessa curly, grow almost all year round - and in open ground, and in the house, so that fresh greens are always at my fingertips.
On the bright window-sill ... Get the Odessa driver a young horseman in a room is easy and simple. It grows well on the windowsill (I take the lightest) in flower pots with standard soil. But more often as a substrate I use a thin layer of cotton wool saturated with water. I scatter the seeds from above, cover the container with glass and put it in a warm place for germination, then transfer it to the window sill, where the air temperature is about + 10 ... + 15 degrees. I constantly moisturize Vata - plants are regularly sprayed with water from a spray bottle, preventing overheating and drying of the substrate, periodically watering with a warm solution of wood ash.
Young seedlings are cut off in the phase of cotyledons within 12 days after sowing. This green is an excellent supplier of vitamins in the winter, so I sow lettuce every week.
... and on the garden
In open ground, lettuce seeds of the same variety are sown every 15 days from early April to July (otherwise plants are allowed to flowering in the summer heat) to a well-lit place, as bushes are drawn out less light due to lack of light. From the north, young plants are protected from the wind by Jerusalem artichoke. Plants in the phase of three true leaves are thinning, leaving 10 cm between them and feeding them with ammonium nitrate. After loosening the soil, weed, watered.
In general, the salad Odessa curly unpretentious. With a fairly moderate watering, it grows well. Its socket reaches a diameter of 30 cm, and its height is up to 40 cm. It is very cold-resistant, which is undoubtedly important for early sowing in open ground.