Ticks are tiny parasites crawling on the surface of the skin. They will become a real problem if you start a bird in your hen house. Sources of infection can be already sick chickens, as well as wild birds and rodents. In addition, ticks can catch on shoes or clothing, and thus get into the hen house. These parasites are active in the warm season, especially in summer, but some species are able to survive in cold climates. Although the life cycle of ticks is very short - only 5–7 days, during this time each parasite can lay more than 100,000 eggs. Therefore, for the complete recovery of animals, treatment courses must be repeated for some time.
Signs of ticks in chickens
Ticks can be found in different places. Some of them live on the bodies of birds all the time, while others live in the hen house: during the day they hide under the perches, in cracks on the walls and under the bedding, and at night they leave their shelters to feed themselves. Parasites bite through the skin and suck blood. This can lead not only to discomfort, but also to the loss of feathers, anemia, and in some cases even the death of birds.
If your chickens suddenly became reluctant to enter the hen-house in the evening, or stopped using nesting sites, this is a sure sign that they have ticks.
Chickens love to take dust baths on dry ground or sand. If you add a little wood ash or diatomaceous earth (it is sold in packages), this will be a good prevention of tick infestation. However, often in very hot and humid areas, where the population of ticks thrives, or in the period of prolonged rains, when chickens do not have the opportunity to take dust baths, this method still does not help to escape from parasites.
Too frequent cleaning of feathers and tingling of feathers can be a sign of infection by parasites.
If your chickens have ticks, you will probably notice that they have begun to clean the plumage more often and pinch feathers under the wings and around the anus. On closer inspection, you will be able to see tiny red or black spots near the anus, and when you look around the coop, you will find on the perch red stripes of blood or black grains that are felt when you run your hand over the surface.
Tick control methods
There are several chemical solutions and anti-tick preparations on the market, but most of them have not been tested on chickens, therefore, experienced owners do not advise to immediately use them. It is better to first try the complex treatment with natural remedies.
Spray the chicken coop and roost for several days in a row with a mixture of the following composition: 2 glasses of water, 1 cup of vegetable oil and 1 tablespoon of dishwashing liquid. This mixture will help destroy ticks. Shake well before use, as it splits. Treatment of the coop should be carried out at least 1-2 times a week for several weeks in parallel with the treatment of chickens. This 100% natural homemade spray will help get rid of mites in the hen house.
You can spray a layer of diatomaceous earth on the floor of the chicken coop and nesting sites, and rub the mixture into the surface of the roost. As necessary processing is repeated.
Wormwood (artemisia) is another effective natural remedy for tick mites. Tie bunches of wormwood to the perches, spread sachets in nesting sites, or hang cut plants throughout the chicken coop. This is an excellent tool that you can constantly use to scare ticks.
Garlic juice in combination with vegetable essential oils is a proven remedy for mite control
To cure chickens, spray them with garlic juice. Scientists from UK have found that this tool can kill 100% of all ticks in 24 hours. It can be used for the treatment of birds and as a prophylactic agent.
To prepare such a natural spray, you will need:
- 300 ml of water
- 30 ml of garlic juice
- 1 teaspoon (total) of any combination of these essential oils - bay leaf, cinnamon, clove, coriander, lavender, peppermint and / or cumin.
Mix all ingredients well in a spray bottle and spray chickens with this agent twice a week for prophylaxis, or every other day for 2-3 weeks in the event of tick infestation. Pay special attention to the areas around the anus and under the wings. After spraying, it is also recommended to treat chickens with diatomaceous earth, rubbing the powder into the skin and plumage. At the same time be careful - try not to let dust (them or you) get into your eyes and lungs. Simultaneous treatment of chickens and processing of the coop will help get rid of ticks.
If the chicken has mites on its paws, the scales will not be smooth, but raised up
Ticks on their paws are another type of external parasites that hide under the scales, from which they rise.
If you notice such signs, spray the chicken's paws with a solution of garlic juice, and then lubricate them with natural petroleum jelly (or its analogs with natural additives). Such treatment will help not only to scare away, but also to destroy ticks - they will die from suffocation.
Foods rich in iron will help in the treatment of chickens infected with ticks.
When treating tick-infected chickens, it is recommended to increase iron intake in order to prevent anemia.
Foods that are high in iron include: eggs, meat, fish, poultry, seafood, spinach, beet tops, dandelion greens, sweet potatoes, broccoli, kale, curly kale, strawberries, watermelon, raisins, wheat products, oatmeal, corn, molasses. The introduction of these products in the diet of chickens will contribute to a better recovery of weakened birds - when infected, not only the level of iron in the blood decreases, but also the immune system weakens. Adding cloves of fresh garlic to drinking water or garlic powder in food will be a good prevention of infection, since parasites do not like the taste of the blood of those birds in whose diet garlic is present. In addition, this useful product enhances the immunity of sick chickens during treatment.
Regular inspection of chickens can reveal signs of infection at an early stage.
The best prevention of most of the problems associated with the disease is a frequent inspection and knowledge of how a healthy and sick animal should look.
Regular, frequent and thorough inspection of chickens will allow you to detect and solve problems before they get out of control. With a careful study of the area under the wings and around the anus, you can catch the parasites before they begin to multiply. Detection of the first signs of disease and quick treatment will help kill ticks before the massive infection of birds begins. Areas for dust baths, filled with dry soil or sand, diatomaceous earth and wood ash will also be good prevention of tick infestation for the flocks of your chickens.
Chicken mite: description and habitat
Chicken mite is a blood-sucking parasite that lives on the body of a bird and on any surfaces in a chicken coop. To detect chicken on the body, you need to know what a red chicken tick looks like. This is an insect with an elongated body covered with small hairs. The length of the tick calf is from 0.75 to 1 mm. The tick has 8 legs.Chicken mite is a blood-sucking parasite that lives on the body of a bird and on any surfaces in a chicken coop.
The color of the hungry insect is light yellow. When an insect is sucked into the bird’s blood, its body becomes saturated red. Due to this property, the parasite is called the red chicken tick.
A female red chicken mite lays up to 20 eggs. Active reproduction of insects occurs from May to October. In the warm season, ticks are most active. In the cold period, insects do not die, because they can live up to six months without food, being in a state of suspended animation.
Chicken mites live on the chicken coop litter and in bird nests; they can hide in crevices of the floor and walls. Best of all they feel in a damp, dirty, poorly ventilated room.
What are dangerous parasites in the hen house
Ticks disrupt the normal life of chickens. The bird is under stress from constant bites and itching, trying to get rid of the discomfort. Multiplying and settling throughout the bird's body, ticks actively drink blood, and the chicken suffers from anemia. Sharply reduced egg production, due to the deterioration of the health of the chicken.Ticks carry a lot of diseases dangerous for chickens.
Additional harm of a chicken tick is the danger of infection from it by infectious diseases. Ticks tolerate typhoid, tuberculosis, borreliosis, Lyme disease, etc.
Tick bites are especially dangerous for chickens and young animals with poor health. A tick attack kills more than 50% of the hatched chicks. If you have purchased expensive breeds (for example, Lakenfelder, Araucana) there is a risk of losing the invested money and not raising a single adult.
Signs of bird contamination
The chicken tick behaves actively on the body of the bird mainly at night, so the owner may not immediately notice the infection of the birds. At the same time, chickens do not hurry to enter the hen house in the evening, knowing that a tick will disturb them at night. This circumstance should alert the host.
Mite delivers severe discomfort to birds. He enters the subcutaneous space of chickens through microscopic wounds, and begin to make passages in the tissues. Chickens begin to itch, they begin to show anxiety.Infected chickens are itchy and itchy.
Multiplying at high speed, the mites even enter the cavity of the nose and mouth, delivering real torment to the bird. The chicken starts wheezing, coughing up, breathing becomes heavy. If the tick penetrates the ears, the chicken shakes its head hard, and with its paws it tries to reach the bite spots and scratch them.
Having noticed the signs of tick infection in the behavior of the chicken, you need to carefully examine it. Special attention should be paid to places under the wings, on the neck and under the tail. The skin in these places is especially delicate, so ticks are located there.
An additional sign of tick infestation of chickens is the fact that they refuse to nest in the nests. Chickens do not want to climb into the nests, as there is the highest concentration of tick. External signs of the presence of parasite ticks on the body are blanching of the scallop and catkins, as well as red spots on the eggs.
Methods of dealing with red chicken mite
Detection of a dangerous bloodsucker in the hen house is a signal for immediate action for the host. You need to start with the processing room.If chickens began to itch and worry, you need to process the chicken coop from ticks.
All surfaces inside the chicken coop and the space of the poultry walking enclosure are processed. You need to thoroughly clean all litter and dirt, and then process all boiling water or steam.
Important. The most effective treatment is a blowtorch or gas lamp. From high temperatures, the tick will die for sure.
Themselves chickens get rid of the tick with insecticidal drugs:
- Pyrethrum. The advantages of this insecticide are safety for humans and birds in combination with the destructive effect on the tick.
- Sevin. Powder for processing plumage chickens. Dosage - 15 grams per bird.
- Extrazol M. Spray spray for chicken feathers. The preparation is applied twice with an interval of 10 days.
- Ciperil. Liquid for spraying on the body of the bird and the treatment of the chicken coop. Before use, prepare the working fluid at the rate of 1: 3.
- Ectomin Emulsion for dilution with water. Chickens bathed in solution for 1 minute. Required double treatment with an interval of 14 days.
- Ecoflis. Oily liquid used for spraying poultry. Birds are treated twice with an interval of 10 days.
Ash and sand against chicken mite
The old method of protecting the plumage of chickens from insect parasites is to bathe them in a mixture of sand and wood ash. The bird independently cleans its feathers, washing itself in the ashes. This bath helps to shed insects from the plumage and prevent their invasion into the skin.
For swimming birds in the aviary and inside the chicken coop put tanks filled with sand-ash mixture. It is important to ensure that the bathing mix is always dry. If contaminated, the mixture must be replaced.
Ashes can also be poured into those parts of the yard where sand or a lot of dust is poured. Birds spend time with pleasure in such dusty “fonts”, thus getting rid of parasite insects.The most effective folk remedy for chicken mite - ash.
Plants against tick
From time immemorial, even before the invention of chemical preparations, chickens were eliminated from insect-parasites with the help of plants:
- Sagebrush. Bunches of fresh grass are added to the litter of the chicken coop and hung on the walls and perches. Periodically, the grass is changed to smell scared ticks.
- Garlic. Preparing a spray of garlic juice and water. For 300 ml of water, take 30 ml of garlic and add to the solution a teaspoonful of a mixture of oils of bay leaf, coriander, clove, lavender, mint. The product is sprayed on the bird feather. Garlic brew can kill ticks in 24 hours.
- Potato or tomato tops. Folds on the floor of a chicken coop to scare away insects.
Ticks hitting the legs and feathers of chickens
Chickens are carriers of several types of ticks:
- Microscopic: knnemidokoptes, epidermokoptis, cytodites. They can not be seen with the naked eye, so other external signs indicate their presence on the chicken's body.
- Medium size. These ticks are similar in size to fleas and lice: ixodid, Persian tick, red tick.
One of the most common are ticks, affecting the legs and feathers of chickens.
When birds are infected with these ticks, characteristic chicken diseases develop:
- Foot scabies (cnemidocoptosis). In the people this disease carries the name "limy foot". A microscopic mite, a prnemidokoptes, settles on the bare part of the paws of the chicken, as a result of which they are covered with scales and, at the last stage, with mounds. Chick carrier mite becomes a source of infection of the entire population.
- Skin scab. The causative agent - mite epidermokoptes. Parasitic in feather follicles, among the down. Feathers first appear foci, and then everywhere.
- Malophagus. The causative agents of the disease - ticks pukoperoyedy. Insects live in the sub-perennial space and down of the bird, feeding on the awnings of feather and the remnants of bird skin. Bird eaters and peroedas multiply at great speed and, thanks to their vitality, can persist in the house for a long time.
Reference. The Black Tick is a representative of the Ixodid family. They live on mammals and humans, so they are not dangerous for chickens. In rare cases, the female may attack the chicken and bite into the skin. But, being saturated with blood, disappears, so the treatment of black tick does not require chicken.The photo shows a paw of a chicken infected with a tick.
If any type of chicken mite is detected on the body of the bird, it is necessary to immediately treat the bird with acaricides and take sanitary measures in the hen house.
Prevention in chicken coops
To prevent the reproduction of chicken mites in the chicken coop will help the surface treatment with diesel oil or oil from the engine oil. Conduct such sanitization two or three times over the summer.
An important point is the timely removal of the web, as ticks will probably live in it and then fall on the bird's body. Place of walking chickens should be dry. To protect against precipitation, a canopy is made on the aviary. In the aviary necessarily set capacity with sand and ash.
When keeping chickens in cages, the risk of infection with a red tick is reduced. In cages there are no perches on which the dung which is a medium for reproduction of mites accumulates. But tick infestation can also occur in cells, so they also need to be disinfected once every 1-2 months.
Prevention is about keeping the hen house clean.
Important. When purchasing a new bird, before launching it into a common chicken coop, it is necessary to inspect it for ticks. In order to prevent the birds treated with a special insecticide.
Tick prevention for humans
Red chicken tick, like some other types of ticks, is dangerous to humans. Upon contact of the host with an infected bird, the tick can successfully migrate to humans and become a source of infectious disease.
Chicken mite on the human body looks like a clump of dirt, which is not immediately noticed. Tick bites can cause dermatitis or eczema.
Therefore, working in a chicken coop or contacting a bird, you must carefully observe the following precautions:
- Caring for chickens carried out in special protective clothing, precluding the penetration of the tick on the body.
- Be sure to use rubber gloves with high sockets, which are stretched on the sleeves of clothing.
- Уборку в курятнике проводить в высоких резиновых сапогах, в которые заправляются брюки.
- После контакта с курами осматривать тело на наличие клещей или принимать душ.
Предлагаем к просмотру видеоролик, на котором фермер показывает куриных клещей и делится своим опытом избавления от них.
Чем опасны клещи для кур
Chicken mite - the scourge of many poultry farms and farms, therefore, the owners of chicken herds, this parasite is familiar firsthand. The little red bloodsucker does not only cause inconvenience to the bird, but also is a carrier of many serious diseases: plague, cholera, borreliosis, etc. With its appearance, the youngsters begin to fall, and in adult birds their productivity decreases.
The parasite appears in a damp, poorly ventilated house. It is mainly wound up in bedding, sometimes lives in nests and can infect newborn chickens, because of which they slow down in growth and development, often die. One of the signs of the presence of parasites is that the hens begin to eat more, and the eggs are less. Also, chickens may pale combs and earrings because of the large blood loss. If time does not detect trouble, the birds die.
What kind of tick can a chicken have?
The feathered inhabitants of poultry houses are found various ticks, from very small, which can not be seen without a microscope, to a wave of obvious and recognizable to the naked eye. Micro parasites live on the skin constantly, feeding on keratinized skin cells and skin secretions. Large ticks need the blood of birds for food, and they live and breed in the poultry house.
- Ixodic tick (bloodsucker, affecting both animals and people).
- Persian tick (parasite prefers to live exclusively on birds).
- Red chicken tick (causes death of young animals, and also reduces the egg production of laying hens).
What diseases cause: how to remove and how to treat
Parasites visible to the naked eye, and those that cannot be seen without a microscope, are not only an annoying factor in the life of birds, but also carriers of a large number of infectious diseases. In addition, the itchiness that accompanies most of the parasitic effects provokes the bird to constantly tear apart problem areas, which leads to wounds of new infections.
Knemidokoptoz, which received its name from the microscopic parasite-pathogen Knemidocoptosis, is popularly known as foot scabies. Another apt name is “limy foot”, which arose from the appearance of the affected leg: swollen, knotted scales of legs, covered with growths in a neglected form.
The disease is slow, turning into a chronic condition. Chickens aged 3 to 5 months are particularly susceptible to it. The danger of this parasitic infection is that it is possible to notice external manifestations only after several months. Prior to this, the tick itself does not detect, and only after the accumulation of exudate there are signs of inflammation. Breeds of birds whose legs are covered with feathers are less likely to be attacked by a tick. In other breeds, when the legs and beak are affected, there appear bumps resembling a fine lime (hence the name). If such a bump is picked up, then you can see the moves that the parasite has bitten: the internal structure will look like a sponge. The disease can last for years, subsiding by the winter and again activating with the arrival of spring. As a result of neglected conditions, the toes or feet completely die off.
- a bath of forty-degree birch tar: the hens' feet are dipped into it by the hock, 300 grams of tar will be enough for a dozen birds,
- Nicochlorane half-percent emulsion
- birch tar in half with kerosene,
- azuntola emulsion 0.3%,
- 1% solution of trichlormetaphos.
The causative agent of knemidocoptosis of the body is the same as in the previous case. This tick differs from its counterpart only in light yellow. It lives mainly in feather bags, in the folds of the skin of the chicken, forming knots in the skin. In the nodes it contains its progeny.
The disease is seasonal, occurs in spring and summer. The skin of the bird becomes red in the places of defeat, loses its plumage, flakes off. While experiencing severe itching, the chicken tries to peck out the parasites, than it hurts its skin even more. Treatment consists in bathing sick birds in special solutions:
- chlorophos 0.4% aqueous solution,
- azuntol 0.2%.
Other name - epidermoptosis. The causative agent is a yellowish micromite of the epidermoptes, settling in the feather follicles, under the upper dermal layer.
The probability of infection increases many times during the warm season. Foci of disease can be seen first on the poultry chest, then on the neck, and later the disease spreads to the head, touching the comb and earrings. If you start the treatment, the spread will go further, on the back and on the upper part of the legs. Peeling, red skin with crusts of dried ichor - this is the main sign of epidermoptosis. The skin in particularly sensitive areas is so inflamed that it can die off, emitting the smell of rot. Most often itching is not observed.
Effective treatment will be the treatment of inflamed areas of the skin with ointments or acaricidal solutions:
- tar ointment in a ratio of 1: 5,
- Creolin ointment, 1:10,
- solution of tar in half with alcohol,
- K emulsion of soap (5%).
Red chicken tick
The causative agent from the Gamazov family has a yellow color until it is saturated with blood. The size of the "hungry" tick is 0.7 cm, having stuck, it can double. These parasites usually do not live on their victims, but nest in the house. The period of their daily activity falls at night, sometimes during the day they hide in the skin folds of chickens.
The red chicken tick is resistant to low temperatures, it can starve for a whole year, and even its larvae suck blood. It is extremely dangerous because it is a carrier of many infectious diseases, including those common to chickens and to humans.
VIDEO: RED CHICKEN TICKLE IN HENS Symptoms include itching and inflammation of the affected area in the part in which the tick has got: larynx, trachea, nose, ear canal. Chickens massively die from exhaustion and blood loss. Chickens practically lose egg production.
The treatment will be the treatment of sick birds dust sevina (at a concentration of 7.5%). Depending on the severity of the lesion, one chicken leaves from 5 to 15 g of dust.
The parasite of the Argass family, has the greatest distribution in the southern regions. It leads to exhaustion and death of an infected bird, is a carrier of many infections, including salmonellosis and tuberculosis. Dangerous for birds and for humans.
Persian mite has a large size, 10 mm by 6 mm. Active shows at night, the rest of the time prefers to hide in the nooks of the house. Both adult and larvae feed on blood. During a bite, saliva enters the body of the chicken, which negatively affects its nervous system - paralysis can develop. Bite sites become inflamed, body temperature rises. Many chickens die from the Persian tick; adult chickens respond to the parasite by reducing their weight and egg production.
The treatment consists of treating with 7.5% dust, as in the situation with the red tick.
He is also a cytodiasis, he is a pulmonary tick. The causative agent - cytodites, settling in the lungs or bronchi of the bird. This is an extremely dangerous disease, sometimes mortality is up to half of sick chickens.
It is difficult for the bird to breathe, it pulls out the neck and throws back its head in an attempt to get more air. From the nose appear mucous discharge gray. If during this period to put pressure on the trachea, the chicken goes into a cough. Affected individuals not only lose their appetite and weight, but can also fall into a state of coma.
Although some measures to rescue sick birds are being undertaken (for example, the introduction of camphor oil into the abdominal cavity), treatment is considered ineffective and there is little hope of recovery. Sick birds are slaughtered, the remaining are disinfected by spraying acaricides. The best option would be to replace a sick herd with a healthy one.
Are chicken ticks dangerous to humans?
The main harm for a person from chicken mite is, of course, financial loss. Affected birds that die, disinfecting the poultry house, reducing the productivity of the remaining individuals - all this severely hits the poultry baker's wallet, given that the tick first of all affects the young and the hens. Infected chickens are itchy and constantly itch. In the European Union, statistics are kept even on such issues: the loss of chicken mites from poultry farms sometimes amounts to about 130 million euros a year.
What are the parasites
Chicken mite is a parasite that lives under the feather cover of a bird and feeds on its blood. Favorable factors for the life and reproduction of the parasite are heat and increased humidity, therefore, it is more likely to meet it in private farmsteads where they do not follow the rules of keeping.
Bad bedding, which is not often changed, overcrowding in small barns, lack of sand baths - all this contributes to the breeding of arthropods in the house. Ticks are brought into the chicken coop with new “settlers”, with items of care, inventory. The person can also bring on himself parasites, having been earlier in the infected places.
Chicken mite is divided into several species, differing in appearance, size and habitat on the body of the bird.
- Very small arthropods that are not visible to the naked eye. These include: Knemidokoptesov, epidermoptesov, cytodes. They feed on skin flakes and various animal secretions. Cause foot and body scabies, live in trachea and light birds.
- Larger members of the species. Fit as lice and fleas. These are ixodic mites, Persian and red chicken. Representatives attack chickens only for the purpose of biting and feeding with blood. The rest of the time arthropods spend on the walls, perches, floor of the chicken coop.
It is not so easy to notice a small tick in feathers, therefore, more often, the owners are guided by signs of a lesion.
Attention! Chicken mite can drink the blood of people who care for the bird. Frequent bites lead to allergies and dermatitis.
Signs of red parasites
Having settled in the hen house, the red tick delivers tangible trouble to its inhabitants. Regularly feeling bites on themselves, adults reduce egg production, and the young grow poorly. If the arthropods have settled in nests, the chickens will stop visiting them. Permanent, albeit small, blood loss leads to anemia, which is easily determined by the pallor of earrings and crests.
The fact that a red chicken tick appeared in the coop can be suspected by the following features:
- Individuals become lethargic, constantly scratching.
- Birds reluctantly go into the chicken coop, settling in new nests.
- Appearance deteriorates, bald spots appear.
- Behavior changes: chickens pluck feathers under their wings, near the cloaca, almost all the time crawling in the ground and sand.
- When viewed from birds on the body are visible multiple wounds.
- Sometimes the parasite crawls into the nose, mouth, trachea, ear canal, where it causes inflammation.
- Chickens rush badly, lose weight.
- The inhabitants of the coop, in which the tick settled, eat little and are constantly thirsty.
If such signs appear, each bird should be carefully inspected. If it is a red tick, then small black and red grains are visible on the body and feathers. The red tick looks like this:
- The oval body is 0.6-0.7 mm long.
- Arthropod has 4 pairs of legs of different lengths.
- The color of the calf is red. After the tick ate blood - dark purple.
Council Mite is clearly visible on white paper. In order to detect bloodsucking, a sheet is carried out on the walls and perches. Maximum accumulation in the litter.
Finding the parasite should immediately begin to destroy it. Otherwise there is a risk of big losses.
Tick-laying hens and the chicken coop room are treated with an insecticide. Walls and perches in the room are recommended to be burned with a blowtorch. On the platform for walking establish tanks with sand and ash, where birds can "swim". For prevention, fragrant herbs are scattered on the floor: wormwood, chamomile, tansy.
Diseases and treatments
Tick-borne diseases develop in chickens depending on the species, the parasite’s habitat and its life cycle.
- Foot scabies scabies. In the people the disease is called "limy foot." Microscopically small tick clamidocoptes settles under horny scales of chicken legs. The skin of the legs becomes hilly, the scales rise. Severe lesions are dangerous by the death of fingers. As a treatment, tar baths are used for the feet.
- Telny scab. Called by parasites of the same kind. Mite lodges in feather bags, skin folds. On the skin of birds appear bare spots, chickens constantly scratching, pecking bite sites. With clear signs, the bird is bathed in an insecticide solution.
- Skin scab. The epidermoptes are parasitic in feather follicles, among the down. The skin on the chest, neck, head, thighs peels off, yellow scabs appear. Feathers fall out, there is a putrid smell. The fight against the disease is carried out by spraying or smearing the affected areas with special preparations.
Despite its small size, the tick is a dangerous parasite. Only timely detection of bloodsucking and proper treatment will help save the coop from large losses.
What can be ticks in birds?
Ticks can live on feathers, feeding on their grease, fungi and their spores.
They can be blood-sucking, and feed on lymph and blood (there are few such species) or cutaneous and feed on the epidermis.
In addition, intracutaneous, abdominal and interstitial parasites are isolated.
Each type of tick has its own characteristics.
Mite in its development goes through several stages from egg to imago:
- proto-and tritonymus,
- adult individual.
Features of feather mites
There are a lot of ticks living on the feather cover of birds, and on one host can live from one or two to a dozen different species of these parasites. They can be called feather. Some mites are genus specific. Others quietly inhabit the feather cover of various species of birds.
They can be divided:
- on those who live on feathers,
- and those that live in the cavity of the trunks (the spot).
The first include several thousand species of ticks that live:
- on different types of feathers,
- on different structural units of the pen, and adapted only to the conditions of life there (in terms of temperature, humidity indicators, airflow, etc.), they do not change the zone of residence.
These mites are anatomically adapted to live on one or another part of the pen; they feed mainly on fat from the pen, hyphae of the spores, and bacteria. To a certain extent, they are orderlies for birds, and symbiotes, although they are usually attributed to ectoparasites. But they do not cause much harm (toxic effects, destruction of feathers or allergies) to the bird. Even with a large number of parasites, birds usually do not experience discomfort.
Only with irreducible reproduction and associated diseases in females can egg production decrease, and chicks develop weakness. The smallest inhabitants of the feather cover of birds inhabit their primary, contour and steering feathers. Most of all species "live" in fluff.
The second ones that live in the center of the feather are called full, and can lead to the loss of the feather cover, because their "diet" includes horny structures of feathers or liquid found in the papillae of the feather bag. When it comes to feather parasites of birds, they usually mean them. These are 100% parasites, breeding excessively, they can lead not only to the loss of the bird feather, but also its death.
Features kozheedov and bloodsuckers
Anatomically, the first are adapted for gnawing tissues, the second - for sucking out biological fluids of the host. This group of ticks causes perhaps the most concern to the feathered and their owners.
Skin layers can be superficial and intracutaneous. The latter cause damage to the skin, they literally dig holes in the tissues of birds, settle on the legs, causing a pathology with the name "lime foot" or in the area of the beak and wax-wax.
Rarely distributed throughout the body. Wavy parrots are predisposed to such a spread. The waste products of such parasites can have a toxic effect on the host organism, cause an allergic reaction and be complicated by a bacterial infection. Nestlings affected by such a tick grow poorly, adult females do not carry well. Excessively advanced disease can lead to the death of a bird.
Blood-sucking ticks are quite large, and if there are a lot of them, they cause anemia in birds, weakened immunity, reduced egg production and other related problems.
The main parasitic mites in parrots
In ornamental birds, primarily parrots, microscopic parasites of the Knemidokoptes (Knemidocoptosis) - the causative agents of foot and body scabies, and the cytoditosis (Cytoditosis) - tracheal, or pulmonary mite are most common.
As well as larger parasites: argas mite, red (bird) chicken and ocinous (syringophilous).
Крупные, хорошо заметные невооруженным взглядом, клещи (иксодовые) не живут на пернатых, а только питаются. Но тоже могут нанести существенный урон здоровью пернатых.
Этот паразит вызывает болезнь с названием кнемидокоптоз.
Излюбленные места локализации этого клеща:
Но не брезгует он возможностью прорывать свои ходы и в кожном покрове пернатых. The disease is accompanied by pruritus (sometimes dermatitis). Visually, the owner can observe grayish growths in the area of the beak or paws, the deformation of the beak. Parrots are constantly itching and gnawing paws. In severe cases, there may be necrosis of the phalanges of the fingers and the feathery risks being left without a finger, or even a leg at all. When living on the body parasites lead to the loss of feather cover.
This tick belongs to the category of abdominal. The disease is called cytodia, it is considered chronic. The parasite settles in the air sacs, then gradually fills the mucosa of the trachea and bronchi. Symptomatically, the disease manifests itself in the form of coughing, wheezing, tachypnea. From the nose secreted fluid secret. Songbirds stop singing.
These parasites can live on a bird and are temporary parasites for humans. In birds, maled or Persian ticks are most common. Tick bite is toxic to poultry and humans. In addition, he is a carrier of dangerous diseases. When this tick attacks chicks, they die. In adult birds, the nervous system suffers, including paralysis. The body temperature rises. Inflammation develops at the site of the bite.
Red bird tick
This is one of the most unpleasant parasites in birds. He lives not on a bird, but in its cage. Usually attacks at night. May attack a person, causing severe itching of the skin. It is a carrier of dangerous diseases, including those common to birds and humans. The parasite causes anemia in birds. It can creep into the nasal passages, trachea and auditory canals, causing inflammation. Young chicks often die when attacked by this tick.
The disease caused by the described parasite is called epidermoptosis or skin scabies. The disease occurs with hyperemia of the skin in the head, back and earrings. Itching does not cause this parasite. With the development of the disease, the skin of birds can crack, the feather partially falls out, the bird is depleted and loses egg production. Juveniles may die.
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The number of species of mites described by entomologists is close to 50,000. Most of them are safe for humans and animals, but some subspecies are a real scourge for agriculture. Thus, a sand mite sized tick causes serious disease in chickens and can lead to a pandemic of laying hens. Young individuals are especially sensitive to chicken mite. It is difficult not to notice the infection: the growth of chickens slows down, chickens start to ache (wheeze and cough), lose weight, show anxiety at night, and egg production drastically decreases. The hens struck by the tick constantly shake their heads and eat poorly. Diagnosis is not difficult: when viewed under the wings, you can see a large accumulation of parasites that look like black grains of sand. Chicken mite control measures should be taken immediately. The spread of the disease contributes to the close contact of chickens in poultry houses, one of the provoking factors is the poor health of the chicken coop.
Chicken tick: destruction tactics
Recently, a lot of veterinary preparations for external treatment of birds affected by ticks have appeared on the market. Unfortunately, these insects are extremely tenacious: only a few surviving individuals can lead to re-infection. Processing birds with ointments or powders is only the initial stage of the fight against chicken mites, the main work on the destruction of arthropods must be done indoors. To do this, you will have to temporarily relocate chickens to another place, make a thorough cleaning and process the chicken coop with drugs that are effective against ticks and other insects.
FINGER B: Chicken Tick aimed blow
Smoke bombs containing insecticides are one of the most effective and fast-acting chicken mite products. If elementary precautions are observed, the use of drafts is absolutely safe for both humans and birds. Imported and domestic manufacturers offer many varieties of smoke bombs with different active ingredients, but the real bestseller among them was a checker produced by the company MI "PERI" PESHKA-V.
The main active substance - α-cypermethrin - is a powerful contact-intestinal insecticide that paralyzes the nervous system of insects at all stages of their development (from larva to adult). The drug does not have a systemic effect, high efficiency due to long-term preservation on treated surfaces and resistance to high temperatures and ultraviolet rays.
Mites in chickens: signs, control measures and prevention
Sometimes α-cypermethrin is used for spraying, but, as practice shows, in this case it is not possible to achieve the same results as from a smoke bomb.
The action of FINGER-B checkers is based on the direct sublimation of the active substance. Specially selected pyrotechnic composition allows to obtain a dense aerosol - mist with the smallest particles of α-cypermethrin. Deposing on all surfaces and penetrating into hard-to-reach places, the insecticide effectively destroys not only chicken ticks, but also flying insects. The estimated number of checkers is determined based on the volume of the processed premises. The content of the active substance in the pyrotechnic mixture is at least 48%.
The FIRST BAY checker is the best remedy for chicken mite
The advantages of using FINGER-B checkers for disinsection and deacarization are obvious and indisputable:
- high efficiency due to full "covering" of the processed room,
- no special equipment is required,
- simple use
- absolute safety with simple precautions
- to train employees is quite simple instruction,
- no additional processing costs,
- lasting effect.
The safety and efficacy of the chicken mite control agent is confirmed by a certificate and a declaration of conformity.
It is possible to order and buy a checker against the chicken tick MILK on our website. Managers-consultants of the company MK PERI will be happy to answer all your questions.
PESHKA-B is used for the destruction of ectoparasites, animals and poultry, plant pests and stocks in livestock buildings, poultry farms, greenhouses, granaries, grain elevators and mills, vegetable stores, storage facilities and warehouses.
Net weight 500 g, D.V. - 450 g / kg cypermethrin
Packing - boxes (20 pieces, 120 pieces)
Registered in the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation -
Registration number TPS-5-7.6 / 01909 dated 03/04/07
Harmful objects 1 piece on the premises volume (m 3):
Livestock facilities: Flies 1000-1200, Vlasoyedy, lice 500-700, Gadfly, scabies, midriad 200-400
Poultry facilities: Flies 1000-1200, Persian and gamazazite mite, down, peroedy 500-700, Bed bug 200-400
Greenhouses, warehouses, granaries, vegetable stores: Complex pest stocks 200-400
ATTENTION! Sending goods (checkers) is carried out on the basis of full prepayment, only for legal entities and individual entrepreneurs!
Minimum lot - 1 box (20 pieces).
Order a checker FOOT-B
Knnemidocoptosis, popularly called “lime foot” and scabies in chickens, is a common disease in both small and large livestock farms. Usually, the disease manifests itself in the warm season, it spreads rapidly among the entire population, reducing the productivity of adult birds and inhibiting the growth and development of young animals.
The causes of the disease
Knemidokoptoz in chickens causes the scabies mite Knemidocoptes mutans of the family Epidermoptidae, having a rounded body of yellow color about 0.2-0.5 mm long. On average, the parasite lives for 5-7 days, feeding on particles of the epidermis, which is released during the lesions of the skin with blood and lymph, disturbing the bird with severe itching.
Symptoms of the disease
“Lime foot” in chickens develops exclusively on the lower limbs, passing through several stages:
Asymptomatic. External signs of the disease are absent, and a small amount of ectoparasites is detected in the analysis of scraping from the skin of the legs.
Papular Light gray nodules appear on the legs, lifting the horny scales of the skin and gradually transforming into coarse bumps. The process is accompanied by weak itching, so the sick bird stands on one leg for a long time and pecks at the affected areas. Depending on the feeding conditions and livestock maintenance, the second stage can last up to a year or more.
Crusose. Coarse gray tuberous crusts grow, sometimes reaching a thickness of two centimeters, under them are found bleeding skin. Later on, deep cracks are formed on the legs, with rickety rickety oozing and sometimes dried. Chickens begin to limp most of the time, some of them develop dry necrosis, partially or completely lost fingers. The bird loses weight, ceases to run and dies.
Treatment of cindus leg disease in birds
In the early stages, until the death of the tissues, the leg legs are easily cured in birds. At first, the legs of both patients and apparently healthy individuals are kept in a soapy solution for 20-30 minutes, and then treated with 1% creolin solution, boric vaseline, neostomazan, frontline (spray), tar, oil preparation ASD-3 or other means. This clogs the openings of the moves made by the tick, deprives it of atmospheric oxygen and causes death. Two weeks later, re-treatment is carried out to destroy the young ticks that have appeared.
Studies have shown that a reliable desacarization of sick chickens with pyrmethrin with an interval of eight days gives a reliable result. In this case, all livestock should be treated by immersing the birds in acaricidal liquid, which before that should be heated to the body temperature of animals - about 40 degrees.
It is mandatory to disinfect the premises and equipment using any acaricide or boiling water (the mite dies at a temperature of 75-80 degrees). If over 10% of the livestock is infected, experts recommend completely updating it.
Prevention of "lime feet" in chickens
Preventive measures to prevent the occurrence of the disease are aimed at the implementation of the following veterinary rules:
Conduct a clinical examination of the bird every three months.
Grow chickens separately from adult birds.
Regularly conduct decontamination of the premises, feeders, drinkers.
Before disinfection, the pen is thoroughly cleaned: the litter is removed and folded in a separate section with piles, then taken out and buried. The yard is plowed up. Deacarization of the coop and inventory is carried out with liquid emulsions of creolin, lysol or with the help of insecticidal checkers. The walls and floor of the house are then treated with freshly prepared lime or 5% creolin solution.
Insecticidal checker "Pawn-B" as the best dezakarizatsionno means
The “Pawn-B” checker is a convenient and simple tool for killing chicken ticks. The cypermethrin entering into its structure breaks transfer of nerve impulses, causes paralysis and death of parasites. The principle of the checkers is unique: the active substance does not burn, and in the form of an aerosol mixture is distributed everywhere, allowing the complex processing of not only all surfaces of the technical premises, but also the entire working inventory. Penetrating into the most inaccessible places, the drug kills a number of other harmful insects, ranging from fly eaters to zoophilic flies.
More detailed information on the properties of the Pawn-B checkers and the conditions for their acquisition can be obtained from our managers.
Chicken mite and methods of dealing with it
Any farmer who is engaged in the cultivation of poultry, sooner or later have to face the problem of infection with "insidious" small animals. Under the common name "chicken tick" hides several varieties of parasites. The most dangerous type of the disease is dermanissiosis. It is caused by moving Dermanyssus gallian individuals, 0.6–0.8 mm in size, feeding on the carrier’s blood. In addition to chickens, these pests can affect almost any bird - ducks, guinea fowls, geese, quails, turkeys. They represent a danger to mammals and humans. Birds suffer from constant anxiety and itching from bites, organisms are slowly poisoned by toxic Dermanissus saliva, egg production and weight gain are reduced, the risk of infection with serious diseases such as salmonella, ornithosis, spirochetosis, cholera, mycoplasmosis, plague, etc. increases.
How to get rid of chicken mite? The most convenient means to combat it are:
- Powder Vuran-dust. Insektoakaritsidny preparation. Sprayed in the house on pre-cleaned surfaces of the floor, walls and cages, nests are processed. Dosage - 15 g per 1 square. m rooms. Processing is carried out in the absence of birds.
- Checker Pawn-In. The most effective and simple tool. It is intended for processing of rooms together with a livestock. At the same time destroys pests both on the bird and on the surfaces. Dosage - 1 piece per 500 square meters. m. Processing is carried out twice with an interval of 8 days.
Duck mite and methods of dealing with it
Duck mite, it is scabies, veterinary name - knemidokoptoz. Individuals of the genus Knemidocoptes mainly attack non-feathered areas of the body. Most often the legs are affected, but there is also a lesion of the waxberry, beak, and skin near the feather follicles. The main symptom of infection is horny scales that cover the paws. Because of the vital activity of the tick, they begin to puff up, the bird is very itchy, it can peck up the affected areas to blood.
This type of parasite attacks not only on ducks, but also on chickens, other domestic and wild individuals, and is able to accumulate on the banks of water bodies frequented by birds. Fortunately, the duck mite in humans is not able to take root.
Feather mite, puffs and methods of dealing with them
Feather mite can parasitize on any poultry. He settles in the hole and stem of a growing feather, feeding on circulating blood. The feather is destroyed, and the chicken or duck can remain almost naked. Effective means of struggle has not yet been found.
Sometimes this type of pest is confused with feather puffs parasitizing on feathers, but not in the stem. They also bring discomfort to the bird and can cause significant damage, but you can deal with them with the help of insecticidal preparations. For example, Insectol and Arpalit aerosols give good results, but they must be used in strict accordance with the instructions. To cure livestock, it is obligatory to handle all inventory with such insecticides.
Traditional methods of dealing with chicken and duck mites
Folk remedies are directed more likely not to treatment, but to preventive measures against chicken and duck mites. There are several of the most effective methods of preventing parasites from entering the house:
Treatment of walls and floors with aggressive solutions
Suitable solutions of lime and potassium permanganate, diesel and waste engine oil. These substances are intolerable by bloodsuckers and do not allow them to multiply.
- Spray the selected product thoroughly over the surface of the walls and floor.
- Repeat treatment 1 time in 1-2 weeks.
- Add herbs to the bird mat, the smell of which deters chicken and duck mites.
- Suitable garlic, wormwood, mint, calendula, needles, bird cherry.
- In the bath or bowl pour a dry mixture of ash and sand and set the tank in places walking the birds.
- Bathing in this mixture, pets will naturally get rid of bloodsuckers.
- The main task of the owner is to make sure that the mixture remains dry and fill it regularly.
How to get rid of red chicken mite?
Of course, it is necessary to use open fire with great care, having prepared water and fire extinguishers in advance in case of fire. A stream of flame should fall literally into all the cracks and crevices exactly where most of the mites live. If you are not sure that you are not setting a fire, fill the slots with boiling water (although this is less effective).
For treating poultry it is best to use feverfew. It is an insect repellent powder, completely harmless to humans and animals. There are other drugs: Sevin powder or Ekoflis aerosol product. The aerosol has only recently appeared on sale, but has already proven itself well. Powder poured carefully feathers of birds, "Ecoflis" sprinkle plumage
Processing (and the house and chickens themselves) is carried out twice with an interval of 10-15 days. The fact is that the development cycle of the parasite lasts from 6 to 1 2 days. At the first treatment, the chemicals kill adults (they practically have no effect on the larvae). And since mites reproduce continuously, part of them is in larval form. And after b-12 days, new offspring will grow up. The second processing should destroy them.
And further. Inspect chickens more often. On the walk, be sure to put spacious troughs with a mixture of ash and sand (in equal parts). Chickens willingly "bathe" in such a mixture, freeing themselves from parasites. Keep the mixture dry.